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In the Name of God بسم الله

Authenticity Of Ramadan Duas - Need Help

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Assalam to all,

I have been challenged by a sunni brother in a french forum to provide him with valid chains of transmission for 3 Ramadan du'as we have in Mafatih al Jinan. Here is what I have found so far :

1 - Dua al Iftitah

This dua is from our 12th Imam (as), and it is on Ibn Tawus' Eqbal al i3mal, with a chain of transmission going to ‘Othman b. Said al 3umari, the first emissary of the Mahdi (as) (http://www.shiaweb.org/ebadat/eqbal_al-a3mal/ramadan/pa15.html ) :

Ýãä Ðáß ÇáÏÚÇÁ ÇáÐí ÐßÑå ãÍãÏ Èä ÃÈí ÞÑÉ ÈÇÓäÇÏå ÝÞÇá : ÍÏËäí ÃÈæ ÇáÛäÇÆã ãÍãÏ Èä ãÍãÏ Èä ãÍãÏ Èä ÚÈÏ Çááå ÇáÍÓäí ÞÇá : ÇÎÈÑäÇ ÃÈæ ÚãÑæ ãÍãÏ Èä ãÍãÏ Èä äÕÑ ÇáÓßæäí ÑÖí Çááå Úäå ¡ ÞÇá : ÓÃáÊ ÃÈÇ ÈßÑ ÇÍãÏ Èä ãÍãÏ Èä ÚËãÇä ÇáÈÛÏÇÏí ÑÍãå Çááå Çä íÎÑÌ Åáí ÃÏÚíÉ ÔåÑ ÑãÖÇä ÇáÊí ßÇä Úãå ÃÈæ ÌÚÝÑ ãÍãÏ Èä ÚËãÇä Èä ÇáÓÚíÏ ÇáÚãÑí ÑÖí Çááå Úäå æÃÑÖÇå íÏÚæ ÈåÇ ¡ ÝÇÎÑÌ Åáí ÏÝÊÑÇ ãÌáÏÇ ÈÇÍãÑ ¡ ÝäÓÎÊ ãäå ÃÏÚíÉ ßËíÑÉ æßÇä ãä ÌãáÊåÇ : æÊÏÚæ ÈåÐÇ ÇáÏÚÇÁ Ýí ßá áíáÉ ãä ÔåÑ ÑãÖÇä ¡ ÝÇä ÇáÏÚÇÁ Ýí åÐÇ ÇáÔåÑ ÊÓãÚå ÇáãáÇÆßÉ æÊÓÊÛÝÑ áÕÇÍÈå ¡ æåæ

We also have it in Tahdhib al Ahkam by Sheikh Tusi with another chain of transmission (http://www.alhassanain.com/arabic/book/book/al_hadith_and_its_sciences_library/bodies_of_hadith/tahthib_alahkam_3/7.html : point numéro 38, p. 106, 2e invocation p. 108) :

* (266) * 38 - ãÍãÏ Èä íÚÞæÈ Úä Úáí Èä ÇÈÑÇåíã Úä ÇÈíå Úä ÇÈä ãÍÈæÈ Úä Úáí Èä ÑÆÇÈ Úä ÚÈÏ ÕÇáÍ Úáíå ÇáÓáÇã ÞÇá¡ ÇÏÚ ÈåÐÇ ÇáÏÚÇÁ Ýí ÔåÑ ÑãÖÇä ãÓÊÞÈá ÏÎæá ÇáÓäÉ¡ æÐßÑ Çäå ãä ÏÚÇ Èå ãÍÊÓÈÇ ãÎáÕÇ áã ÊÕÈå Ýí Êáß ÇáÓäÉ ÝÊäÉ æáÇ ÂÝÉ íÖÑ ÈåÇ Ïíäå æÈÏäå ææÞÇå Çááå ÔÑ ãÇ íÃÊí Èå Êáß ÇáÓäÉ

DO YOU HAVE ANY CLUE ON THE IDENTITY OF THESE TRANSMITTERS ?

This dua is also directly attributed to the 12th Imam without chain of transmission, in books such as Al Misbah (de Al Kaf3ami) or Al Sahifa al Hadiyya (Ibrahim al Hasan al Kachani).

2 - Çááåã ÃÏÎá Úáì Ãåá ÇáÞÈæÑ ÇáÓÑæÑ

First source : Bihar al Anwar (Majlisi : http://www.al-shia.org/html/ara/books/lib-hadis/behar95/b11.htm )

æÌÏÊ ÈÎØ ÇáÔíÎ ãÍãÏ Èä Úáí ÇáÌÈÚí ÑÍãå Çááå äÞáÇ ãä ÎØ ÇáÔíÎ ÇáÔåíÏ ÞÏÓ ÓÑå Úä ÇáäÈí Õ ãä ÏÚÇ ÈåÐÇ ÇáÏÚÇÁ Ýí ÔåÑ ÑãÖÇä ÈÚÏ ÇáãßÊæÈÉ ÇÓÊÛÝÑÊ ÐäæÈå Åáì íæã ÇáÞíÇãÉ æ åæ Çááåã ÃÏÎá Úáì Ãåá ÇáÞÈæÑ ÇáÓÑæÑ

DO YOU HAVE ANY CLUE ABOUT THESE TWO CHAYKHS ? DO YOU HAVE ANY ACCESS TO THEIR BOOKS SO THAT I COULD GET THEIR CHAINS OF TRANSMISSION ?

Second source : Anis al 3abideen, quoted in Al Dari3a by Aqa Bazarka al Tahrani (http://www.yasoob.com/books/htm1/m022/27/no2725.html p. 229) :

(1286: ÇáÍÇÔíÉ Úáíå) ááãíÑÒÇ ÍÓä Èä Çáãæáì ÚÈÏ ÇáÑÒÇÞ ÇááÇåÌì ÇáÞãì ÇáãÊæÝì (1121) ÑÃíÊ ÞØÚÉ ãä ÇáæÇÝí ãä ßÊÇÈ ÇáÕæã Åáì ßÝÇÑÉ Çáíãíä Ýí äÓÎÉ äÝíÓÉ ÌíÏÉ ÇáÎØ ãÕÍÍÉ ÊæÌÏ Ýí ãßÊÈÉ (ÇáÊÓÊÑíÉ) ãä æÞÝ ÇáÍÇÌ Úáì ãÍãÏ ÇáäÌÝ ÂÈÇÏì æåì ÈÎØ ÇáãíÑÒÇ ÍÓä ÇáãÐßæÑ¡ ÝÑÛ ãä ÇáßÊÇÈÉ (1070) æÚáÞ ÚáíåÇ ÈÎØå ÍæÇÔì äÝÓå ÑãÒåÇ (Í) æÍæÇÔí ÛíÑå ÃíÖÇ æäÞá Ýí ÈÚÖ ÇáÍæÇÔì áäÝÓå Úä ßÊÇÈ " ÃäíÓ ÇáÚÇÈÏíä " ÇáÏÚÇÁ ÇáãÔåæÑ (Çááåã ÃÏÎá Úáì Çåá ÇáÞÈæÑ ÇáÓÑæÑ) ÇáÐì íÞÑà Ýí ßá íæã ãä ÔåÑ ÑãÖÇä

Al Tahrani is récent but his source is ancient. It is quoted by Majlisi in Bihar al Anwar (http://www.al-shia.org/html/ara/books/lib-hadis/behar91/b12.htm p. 153) :

22- æ ãäåÇ ÇáãäÇÌÇÉ ÇáÅäÌíáíÉ áãæáÇäÇ Úáí Èä ÇáÍÓíäÚ æ ÞÏ æÌÏÊåÇ Ýí ÈÚÖ ãÑæíÇÊ ÃÕÍÇÈäÇ ÑÖí Çááå Úäå Ýí ßÊÇÈ ÃäíÓ ÇáÚÇÈÏíä

DO YOU HAVE ANY CLUE ABOUT THE AUTHOR OF THIS BOOK AND WHERE I CAN FIND IT ?

Other sources : in Al Balad al Amin and Al Misbah, there is no source (http://www.alhikmeh.com/arabic/mktba/doa/albaled/index.htm : click on " ÔåÑ ÑãÖÇä " in the 'index)

æ ÇÏÚ ÃíÖÇ ÈãÇ Ñæí Úä ÇáäÈí (Õáì Çááå Úáíå æÂáå æÓáøã) Ãäå ÞÇá ãä ÏÚÇ ÈåÐÇ ÇáÏÚÇÁ Ýí ÔåÑ ÑãÖÇä ÈÚÏ ÇáãßÊæÈÉ ÛÝÑ Çááå áå ÐäæÈå Åáì íæã ÇáÞíÇãÉ æ åæ Çááåã ÃÏÎá Úáì Ãåá ÇáÞÈæÑ ÇáÓÑæÑ

We have seen in Dua al Iftitah that Al Kaf3ami quotes some du'as without their chains, but they exist and we can find them. CAN ANYONE HELP ME FIND THIS ONE ?

3 - íÇ Úóáöíøõ íÇ ÚóÙíãõ

Source : Eqbal al i3mal, by Ibn Tawus (http://www.shiaweb.org/ebadat/eqbal_al-a3mal/ramadan/pa10.html).

ÈÇÓäÇÏäÇ Çáì ÇáÊáÚßÈÑí Úä ÃÈí ÚÈÏ Çááå Úáíå ÇáÓáÇã æÃÈí ÅÈÑÇåíã Úáíå ÇáÓáÇã ÞÇáÇ

WHAT DOES "BI ISNADINA" mean ? What is this chain of transmission ? DO YOU KNOW OF ANY OTHER SOURCE OR CHAIN OF TRANSMISSION FOR THIS DUA ?

Thanks.

Wa'ssalam.

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(bismillah)

(salam)

This Du`a is Sahih (authentic).

al-Shaykh has mentioned it in al-Tahdheeb 3/108, in part of a long narration whose chain is:

محمد بن يعقوب عن علي بن ابراهيم عن ابيه عن ابن محبوب عن علي بن رئاب عن عبد صالح عليه السلام

"Muhammad b. Ya`qub, from `Ali b. Ibrahim, from his father, from Ibn Mahbub, from `Ali b. Ri'aab, from `Abd Salaah (عليه السلام)..."

al-Shaykh narrates it from the book of Muhammad b. Ya`qub, and his Tareeq to the books of Muhammad b. Ya`qub is mentioned in his Fihrist 211:

أخبرنا بجميع كتبه ورواياته الشيخ المفيد أبو عبد الله محمد بن محمد ابن النعمان ، عن أبي القاسم جعفر بن محمد بن قولويه ، عنه

"al-Shaykh al-Mufeed Abu `Abdillah Muhammad b. Muhammad b. Nu`man transmitted all of his books and narrations, from Abu'l-Qasim Ja`far b. Muhammad b. Qawlawayh, from him [Muhammad b. Ya`qub].

And the Tareeq of al-Shaykh to all the books and narrations of Muhammad b. Ya`qub is Sahih.

From then, the chain is as follows:

1. Muhammad b. Ya`qub is al-Kulayni

He really need no mention here, but for those who do not know... Al-Najashi says in his Rijal 377:

محمد بن يعقوب بن إسحاق أبو جعفر الكليني - وكان خاله علان الكليني الرازي - شيخ أصحابنا في وقته بالري ووجههم، وكان أوثق الناس في الحديث، وأثبتهم.

"Muhammad b. Ya`qub b. Is'haaq Abu Ja`far al-Kulayni - and he was the uncle of `Alaan al-Kulayni al-Raazi - [Muhammad b. Ya`qub] was the Shaykh of our companions in his time, at Ray, and their notable. He was the most trustworthy of the people in Hadith, and the most firm of them."

2. `Ali b. Ibrahim

Al-Najashi says in his Rijal 260:

علي بن إبراهيم بن هاشم أبو الحسن القمي، ثقة في الحديث، ثبت، معتمد، صحيح المذهب، سمع فأكثر

"`Ali b. Ibrahim b. Hashim Abu'l-Hasan al-Qummi. Trustworthy in Hadith, firm. Dependable. Correct in his Madhab. Heard many things."

3. The father of `Ali b. Ibrahim, who is Ibrahim b. Hashim al-Qummi

Al-Khoe'i says in al-Mu`jam :

أقول : لا ينبغي الشك في وثاقة إبراهيم بن هاشم

"I say: There should be no doubt in the trustworthiness of Ibrahim b. Hashim..."

4. al-Hasan b. Mahbub

al-Shaykh mentions him twice in his Rijal 334 and 354, saying he is trustworthy.

5. `Ali b. al-Ra'aab

al-Shaykh says in his Fihrist 151:

علي بن رئاب الكوفي : له أصل كبير ، وهو ثقة جليل القدر

"`Ali b. Ri'aab al-Kufi : Has a large Asl, and he is trustworthy, dignified in his esteem."

So, this narration is Sahih. Al-Majlisi graded this narration Hasan in al-Milaadh 5/116, but it really should be Sahih because there is no doubt upon the veracity of Ibrahim b. Hashim, as al-Khoe'i mentioned in Mu`jam, and because al-Syed ibn Tawus, in his book Fallaah ul-Saa'il 158,mentioned a chain from al-Shaykh ul-Saduq , and in the chain is Ibrahim b. Hashim, and he writes:

ورواة الحديث ثقات بالاتفاق

"And the narrators of the Hadith are trustworthy with consensus."

وعليكم السلام

- Mansab

Edited by mansab.jafri
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(salam)

(bismillah)

I have already discussed this on my blog, this du`aa has an impeccable chain. But one thing you must know is the du`aa that is found in your mifaateeH and duas.org is a little bit changed from the actual source from tahdheeb. Click here: http://revivingalislaam.blogspot.com/2010/09/saheeh-supplications-duaa-al-iftitaah.html

(salam)

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(salam)

(bismillah)

I have already discussed this on my blog, this du`aa has an impeccable chain. But one thing you must know is the du`aa that is found in your mifaateeH and duas.org is a little bit changed from the actual source from tahdheeb. Click here: http://revivingalislaam.blogspot.com/2010/09/saheeh-supplications-duaa-al-iftitaah.html

(salam)

The only thing which seems to be different is the naming of all of Aimmah (as).

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(bismillah)

ÇáÓáÇã Úáíßã

Surprisingly, Fadhlullah doesn't know that this Du`a' ul-Iftitaah exists in al-Tahdheeb...

Ó: åá ÏÚÇÁ ÇáÇÝÊÊÇÍ ÕÍíÍ ÇáÓäÏ Ãã áÇ¿

Ì: äÞáå ÌÚÝÑ Èä ãÍãøóÏ ÇáÚãÑí¡ æáã íÑæå Úä ÃÍÏ ÇáÃÆãøÉ (Ú)¡ ßãÇ íÐßÑ ÇáÓíÏ ÇÈä ØÇææÓ Ýí (ÇáÅÞÈÇá).

Question: Is Du`a' ul-Iftitaah Sahih (authentic) in its chain or not?

Answer: Ja`far b. Muhammad al-`Umari transmitted it, and he does not narrate it from one of the A'imma (Ú), as what is mentioned by al-Syed Ibn Tawus in al-Iqbaal.

http://arabic.bayynat.org.lb/books/nadwas/fikr378Q2.htm

Not only is the name wrong, but they ignored Tahdheeb ul-Ahkaam.

I asked their office if its Sahih in any of our books, and they pretty much said no, only mentioned the Mursal chain from al-Iqbaal:

Ó) åá ÏÚÇÁ ÇáÇÝÊÊÇÍ ÕÍíÍ ÇáÓäÏ Ãã áÇ¿ åá åæ ÕÍíÍ Ýí Ãí ãä ßÊÈäÇ¿

ÈÅÓãå ÊÚÇáì:

Ì) ÐßÑå ãÍãÏ Èä ÃÈí ÕÑÉ ÈÅÓäÇÏå ÝÞÇá: ÍÏËäí ÃÈæ ÇáÛäÇÆã ãÍãÏ Èä ãÍãÏ Èä ÚÈÏ Çááå ÇáÍÓäí ÞÇá: ÃÎÈÑäÇ Ãæ ÚãÑ æãÍãÏ Èä ãÍãÏ Èä äÕÑ ÇáÓßæäí (ÑÖ) ÞÇá: ÓÃáÊ ÃÈÇ ÈßÑ ÃÍãÏ Èä ãÍãÏ Èä ÚËãÇä (áã íÐßÑæå) ÇáÈÛÏÇÏí (ÑÍãå Çááå) Ãä íÎÑÌ Åáì ÃÏÚíÉ ÔåÑ ÑãÖÇä ÇáÊí ßÇä Úãå ÃÈæ ÌÚÝÑ ãÍãÏ Èä ÚËãÇä Èä ÇáÓÚíÏ ÇáÚãÑí (ÑÖ) æÃÑÖÇå íÏÚæ ÈåÇ ÝÃÎÑÌ Åáí äÚÊÑÇð ãÌáÏÇð ÈÃÍãÑ ÝäÓÎÊ ãäå ÃÏÚíÉ ßËíÑÉ æßÇä ãä ÌãáÊåÇ... ÝÇáÓäÏ ÛíÑ ÊÇã.

æáßä ÇáÏÚÇÁ ãä ÇáÃÏÚíÉ ÇáãÚÊÈÑÉ ãÖãæäÇð æíÌæÒ ÇáÏÚÇÁ Èå æáæ áã íßä ÓäÏå ÞæíÇð¡ æáßä ÇáãÝÇåíã ÇáæÇÑÏÉ Ýíå ÕÍíÍÉ æÊÊäÇÓÈ ãÚ ãÇ æÑÏ Úä ÑÓæá Çááå (Õ) ÇáÃÆãÉ (Ú).

Question: Is Du`a' ul-Iftitaah Sahih (authentic) in its chain or not? Is it Sahih in any of our books?

Answer: [Mentioning the chain from Iqbaal ul-A`maal] ... Thus, the chain is Ghayr Taam (not complete). [answer continues...]

I'm shocked they don't know Tahdheeb ul-Ahkaam has this Du`a' with an authentic chain... lol.

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