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Faris-Al-Hujjat

Ta'awiz - A Bida'a Or Worse Shirk?

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Just thought i would inquire and inquire from the seniors here ...the Shariati Placement of this practice...

Ta'awiz basically is wearing a small pouch like locket worn on the neck / arm to bring goodness and blessing and keep away evil.. it is made by a pious elder who has knowledge of deen , usually made in arabic letters and numericals and is considered very effective. Quran is offcourse the main and basic content and Ahl al Bayt (as) also contribute with their names and alqaabs etc.,.,

naade Ali (as) is a very common and usuall ta'awiz formula & ingredient

Imamia jantri has a lot of ways ..how to make these but they always recommend that its made by a pious elder. rather than anyone ...

this website however argues otherwise...

http://learndeen.com/jm/blog/85-razi-blog/182-tawidhah-an-amulet-worn-for-protection.html

can we reply to them ...

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Just thought i would inquire and inquire from the seniors here ...the Shariati Placement of this practice...

Ta'awiz basically is wearing a small pouch like locket worn on the neck / arm to bring goodness and blessing and keep away evil.. it is made by a pious elder who has knowledge of deen , usually made in arabic letters and numericals and is considered very effective. Quran is offcourse the main and basic content and Ahl al Bayt (as) also contribute with their names and alqaabs etc.,.,

naade Ali (as) is a very common and usuall ta'awiz formula & ingredient

Imamia jantri has a lot of ways ..how to make these but they always recommend that its made by a pious elder. rather than anyone ...

this website however argues otherwise...

http://learndeen.com/jm/blog/85-razi-blog/182-tawidhah-an-amulet-worn-for-protection.html

can we reply to them ...

Malik's Muwatta chapter 50 i think shows permissibility of the taweez.

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(bismillah)

(salam)

The believers should place their trust in Allah(swt) only and no-one else.

And know that they have no protector nor helper other than from Him.

was salam

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(bismillah)

(salam)

The believers should place their trust in Allah(swt) only and no-one else.

And know that they have no protector nor helper other than from Him.

was salam

WA wr wb.

what does this have to do with wearing a taweez?

Edited by gogiison2

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(bismillah)

(salam)

Here are some of the hadeeth that I have found about Al-Ta'weedh. What we must remember is the Al-Ta'weedh is NOT curing you or protecting you, Allaah (SWT) is the one who cures and protects. It is by Allaah (SWT) permission everything happens.

[4]مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ شَاذَانَ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ مَنْصُورِ بْنِ حَازِمٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنِ التَّعْوِيذِ يُعَلَّقُ عَلَى الْحَائِضِ فَقَالَ نَعَمْ إِذَا كَانَ فِي جِلْدٍ أَوْ فِضَّةٍ أَوْ قَصَبَةِ حَدِيدٍ

Partial Rough Translation: He asked (Imaam Ja'afar As-Saadiq (as)): Can a menstruating woman wear a Al-Ta'weedh (amulet) that hangs? Yes, there is no problem. As long as you cover it in skin, or metal...

Sources:

  1. Al-Kulayni, Al-Kaafi, vol. 3, pg. 106, under the chapter "Women who are Al-Haa'id and Al-Nifaas Reading the Qur'aan", hadith #4
  2. Al-Aamili, Wasaa'il Al-Shee'ah, vol. 2, pg. 342, hadeeth # 2315
  3. Al-Aamili, Wasaa'il Al-Shee'ah, vol. 3, pg. 511, hadeeth # 4318
  4. Al-Majlisi, Bihaar Al-Anwaar, vol. 63, pg. 537, hadeeth # 37

Grading:

  • Al-Majlisi said "Majhool Kal-SaHeeH"

    - Mir'aat Al-'Uqool, vol. 13, pg. 251

  • Al Bahboodee said "SaHeeH"

    - SaHeeH Al-Kaafi, vol. 1, pg. 222

[5] عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ دَاوُدَ بْنِ فَرْقَدٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنِ التَّعْوِيذِ يُعَلَّقُ عَلَى الْحَائِضِ قَالَ نَعَمْ لَا بَأْسَ قَالَ وَ قَالَ تَقْرَؤُهُ وَ تَكْتُبُهُ وَ لَا تُصِيبُهُ يَدُهَا

وَ رُوِيَ أَنَّهَا لَا تَكْتُبُ الْقُرْآن

Partial Rough Translation: He asked (Imaam Ja'far As-Saadiq (as)): Can a menstruating women wear Al-Ta'weedh that hangs? He (as) said: Yes, there is no problem....

Sources:

  1. Al-Kulayni, Al-Kaafi, vol. 3, pg. 106, under the chapter "Women who are Al-Haa'id and Al-Nifaas Reading the Qur'aan", hadith #5
  2. Al-Aamili, Wasaa'il Al-Shee'ah, vol. 2, pg. 342, Chapter # 37, hadeeth # 2313
  3. Al-Aamili, Wasaa'il Al-Shee'ah, vol. 2, pg. 342, Chapter # 37, hadeeth # 2314

Grading:

  • Al-Majlisi said "Hasan And the last part mursal"

    - Mir'aat Al-'Uqool, vol. 13, pg. 251
    The part he is saying that is mursal is وَ رُوِيَ أَنَّهَا لَا تَكْتُبُ الْقُرْآن

  • Al Bahboodee said "SaHeeH"

    - SaHeeH Al-Kaafi, vol. 1, pg. 222

98- الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ سَعِيدٍ عَنْ فَضَالَةَ عَنْ دَاوُدَ عَنْ رَجُلٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنِ التَّعْوِيذِ يُعَلَّقُ عَلَى الْحَائِضِ قَالَ لَا بَأْسَ وَ قَالَ تَقْرَأُهُ وَ تَكْتُبُهُ وَ لَا تَمَسُّهُ

Partial Rough Translation: He asked (Imaam Ja'far As-Saadiq (as)): Can a menstruating women wear Al-Ta'weedh that hangs? He (as) said: There is no problem....

Source:

  1. Shaykh Toosi, Al-Tadheeb Al-Ahkaam, vol. 1, pg. 183, hadeeth # 98
  2. Al-Aamili, Wasaa'il Al-Shee'ah, vol. 2, pg. 343, Chapter # 37, hadeeth # 2316

My Grading:

This hadeeth is Da'eef due to that fact that it is mursal.

The isnaad has عَنْ دَاوُدَ عَنْ رَجُلٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ, It says "From a man", This automatically makes the hadeeth Da'eef, because there is a missing link in chain. That person isn't specified so we do not know if he is Thiqah (trustworthy) or Da'eef (weak).

جعفر عن أبيه أن عليا ع سئل عن التعويذ يعلق على الصبيان فقال علقوا ما شئتم إذا كان فيه ذكر الل

Partial Rough Translation: Imaam Ja'far As-Saadiq (as) from his father that Imaam Ali (as) was asked about a Al-Subyaan (youth or boy) wearing Al-Ta'weedh that hangs

Sources:

  1. Al-Himyaari (Abdullaah ibn Ja'far), Qurb Al-Isnaad, pg. 52
  2. Al-Aamili, Wasaa'il Al-Shee'ah, vol. 6, pg. 239, Chapter # 41, hadeeth # 7832
  3. Al-Majlisi, Bihaar Al-Anwaar, vol. 91, pg. 192, Chapter # 32, hadeeth # 2

شعيب بن زريق قال حدثنا فضالة و القاسم جميعا عن أبان بن عثمان عن عبد الرحمن بن أبي عبد الله و هو ابن سالم قال سألت أبا عبد الله ع عن المريض هل يعلق عليه شي‏ء من القرآن أو التعويذ قال لا بأس قلت ربما أصابتنا الجنابة قال إن المؤمن ليس بنجس و لكن المرأة لا تلبسه إذا لم تكن في أديم و أما الرجل و الصبي فلا بأس

Partial Rough Translation: Is there anything that I can hang from Al-Qur'aan or Al-Ta'weedh? He said: There is no problem......

Sources:

  1. Al-Husayn ibn BisTaam, Tibb Al-A'immah, pg. 49
  2. Al-Aamili, Wasaa'il Al-Shee'ah, vol. 6, pg. 238, Chapter # 41, hadeeth # 7830
  3. Al-Majlisi, Bihaar Al-Anwaar, vol. 92, pg. 5, Chapter # 54, hadeeth # 9

Enjoy! I hope this answers your question about it.

(salam)

Edited by Nader Zaveri

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(bismillah)

(salam)

The salafee school of thought constitutes Al-Ta'weedh as shirk, Because they derive there ruling from this hadeeth.

  1. Now some of the scholars have said that, what is meant by "wearing an amulet" it is talking about the Amulets that the people during the days of Jaahiliyyah used to wear such as sea shells etc, but not the Qur'aanic verse.

  2. Other scholars have said that it is not permissible to wear an amulet even if it contains the word of Allaah (SWT) and the Prophet (SAWAS).

It was narrated from ‘Uqbah ibn ‘Aamir al-Juhani (may Allaah be pleased with him) that some people came to the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and he accepted the oath of allegiance from nine of them and not from one man. They said: O Messenger of Allaah, you accepted the allegiance of nine and not from one. He said: “He is wearing an amulet.” So he put his hand in (his garment) and broke it, then he accepted his oath of allegiance and said: “Whoever wears an amulet has associated others with Allaah (shirk).”

Sources:

Ahmad ibn Hanbal, Musnad, hadith # 16781

- Shaykh al-Albaani, al-Silsilah al-Saheehah, hadith # 492, classed this hadeeth as
SaHeeH
.

‘Uqbah ibn ‘Aamir (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: I heard the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) say: “Whoever wears an amulet, may Allaah never fulfil his wish and whoever wears a seashell, may Allaah never protect him from what he fears.”

Sources:

Ahmad ibn Hanbal, Musnad, hadith # 17440

- This hadeeth was classed as
hasan
by al-Arna’oot in his commentary on al-Musnad.

Now there is a hadeeth from one of the two great salafee scholars. Ibn Al-Qayyim (the other is Ibn Taymiyyah). In his book, he quotes a hadeeth from our 6th Imaam, Imaam Ja'far As-Saadiq (as) about this.

It recorded that Ja’far as-Sadiq was asked about amulets of protection (ta’widh) and he said, “If it contains the Words of
Allah
or from the Messenger of
Allah
, then hang it (upon one’s person) and use it as a means for healing.”

Source:

Ibn Al-Qayyim, Zaad Al-Ma'ad, vol. 3, pg. 108

Also another great Sunni scholar Ibn Hajar Asqalani has said.

"…As for those amulets which contain formulas of dhikr, then there is no prohibition against them, for these are used to gain blessings and protection by the Divine Names and dhikr of
Allah
…”

Source:

Ibn Hajar Asqalani, FatH Al-Bari, vol. 6, pg. 142

Narrated Abdullah ibn Mas'ud:

Zaynab, the wife of Abdullah ibn Mas'ud, told that Abdullah said: I heard the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) saying: ruqyas, amulets of protection, and love-spells are shirk (polytheism).

I asked: Why do you say this? I swear by Allah, when my eye was discharging I used to go to so-and-so, the Jew, who applied a spell to me. When he applied the spell to me, it calmed down. Abdullah said:

That was just the work of the Devil who was picking it with his hand, and when he uttered the spell on it, he desisted. All you need to do is to say as the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) used to say: Remove the harm, O Lord of men, and heal. Thou art the Healer. There is no remedy but Thine which leaves no disease behind.

Source:

Dawood, Sunan Abu Dawood, Book 28 (Kitab of Medicine), Hadith # 3874

Ibn Majah, hadith # 3521

Ahmed, Musnad, hadith # 3433

Commentary on this Hadeeth:

Al-Khattibi says about "amulets of protection" means.

"As for amulets, those which are referred to in this hadith are only those which contain no Divine Names or Qur’anic Ayat or words of dhikr and du’a, which are hung on youth."

Scholars vary about Amulet/Ruqyas:

"…and it is permissible to use amulets (tamima) upon which these Names and Words are inscribed, whether the person is ill or healthy, or during menstruation or lochia, or to hang them upon an animal after placing them in a protective covering."

Source:

Ahmed Dardir, Sharh As-Sagheer, vol. 4, pg. 768 - 769

“Imam Malik said, there is no blame in hanging written ruqyas which contain the Names of
Allah
upon the necks of the sick, to derive the healing blessings contained therein, so long as he does not intend by that to prevent the effects of the evil eye before they fall. If some effects of the evil eye have already befallen one, then it is permissible to employ ruqyas according to Imam Malik, and to hang written ones upon oneself.”

Source:

Ibn Abd Al-Barr, Tamheed, vol. 17, pg. 161

What the salafee school of thought says is that, since there are so many different opinions on amulets and ruqyas if they contain Qur'aanic verses. They go with the generalness of the hadeeth that forbids amulets, because if it was permissible in the case of Qur'aan and Du'aa then they Prophet (SAWAS) would've said that in the hadeeth, but there isn't a hadeeth in which he says that, that is classes as SaHeeH by the scholars. (I don't blame them for taking that ruling, they are following the general hadeeth, and since there is not exception to it in their books they don't allow it)

Salafee Viewpoint:

Standing Committee:

The scholars are agreed that it is haraam to wear amulets if they contain anything other than Qur’aan, but they differed concerning those which do contain Qur’aan. Some of them said that wearing these is permitted, and others said that it is not permitted. The view that it is not permitted is more likely to be correct because of the general meaning of the ahaadeeth, and in order to prevent means of shirk.

Scholar Who are part of the committee: Shaykh ‘Abd al-‘Azeez ibn Baaz, Shaykh ‘Abd-Allaah ibn Ghadyaan, Shaykh ‘Abd-Allaah ibn Qa’ood.

Source:

Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah, 1/212

Shaykh al-Albaani says relatively the same thing and can be found in his book, Silsilat al-Ahaadeeth al-Saheehah, vol. 1, pg. 890, hadeeth # 492

Edited by Nader Zaveri

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(bismillah) (salam)

A life jacket without the name of Allah is not shirk but a piece of cloth with the name of Allah is considered shirk.

Both save lives but one should be respected more due to the fact that it has the name of Allah.

Edited by ShiaSoldier@2007

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(bismillah)

(salam)

After some more research through our various books of aHaadeeth, we do have more hadeeth on amulets. Now there are two words in the books of aHaadeeth that means "amulet". The first word is ÇáÊÚæíÐ (Al-Ta'weedh) and the second word is ÇáÊãÇÆã (Al-Tamaa-im).

I have given references to various aHaadeeth that pertain to the word Al-Ta'weedh. Now, here are the references that pertain to the word Al-Tamaa-im.

æó Úóäú (ÃóÍúãóÏó Èúäö ãõÍóãóøÏò Úóäú ãõÍóãóøÏö Èúäö ãõÓúáöãò) ÞóÇáó ÓóÃóáúÊõ ÃóÈóÇ ÌóÚúÝóÑò Ú Ãó äóÊóÚóæóøÐõ ÈöÔóíúþÁò ãöäú åóÐöåö ÇáÑõøÞóì ÞóÇáó áóÇ ÅöáóøÇ ãöäó ÇáúÞõÑúÂäö Åöäóø ÚóáöíøÇð Ú ßóÇäó íóÞõæáõ Åöäóø ßóËöíÑÇð ãöäó ÇáÑõøÞóì æó ÇáÊóøãóÇÆöãö ãöäó ÇáúÅöÔúÑóÇßþ

þ

Partial Rough Translation:A guy asked about charms (al-ruqya). Muhammad Al-Baaqir (as) said: No, except from the Qur'aan. Verily, Ali (as) said: Verily, most of the charms (al-ruqya) and amulets (Al-Tamaa-im) are traps/shirk.


  1. Source:
  2. Al-Husayn ibn BisTaam, Tibb Al-A'immah, pg. 48
  3. Al-Aamili, Wasaa'il Al-Shee'ah, vol. 6, pg. 237, hadeeth # 7824
  4. Al-Majlisi, Bihaar Al-Anwaar, vol. 92, pg. 5, ch. 54, hadeeth # 3

æó Úóäú ÌóÚúÝóÑö Èúäö ÚóÈúÏö Çááóøåö Èúäö ãóíúãõæäò ÇáÓóøÚúÏöíöø Úóäö ÇáäóøÖúÑö Èúäö ÓõæóíúÏò Úóäö ÇáúÞóÇÓöãö ÞóÇáó ÞóÇáó ÃóÈõæ ÚóÈúÏö Çááóøåö Ú Åöäóø ßóËöíÑÇð ãöäó ÇáÊóøãóÇÆöãö ÔöÑúßþ

Translation: Verily, Most of the Al-Tamaa-im (amulets) are shirk


  1. Source:
  2. Al-Husayn ibn BisTaam (b. 4th Cent. AH), Tibb Al-A'immah, pg. 48
  3. Al-Aamili, Wasaa'il Al-Shee'ah, vol. 6, pg. 237, hadeeth # 7825
  4. Al-Majlisi, Bihaar Al-Anwaar, vol. 92, pg. 5, ch. 54, hadeeth # 4

You can find more information about Al-Husayn ibn BisTaam from the Rijaal Books, specifically.


  1. Source:
  2. Al-Najashi, Rijaal, pg. 39, under person # 79
  3. Al-Khoei, Mu'jam Rijal Al-Hadeeth, vol. 5, pg. 201-202, under person # 3318

æó Úóäú ÑóÓõæáö Çááóøåö Õ Ãóäóøåõ äóåóì Úóäö ÇáÊóøãóÇÆöãö æó ÇáÊõøæóáö ÝóÇáÊóøãóÇÆöãõ ãóÇ íõÚóáóøÞõ ãöäó ÇáúßõÊõÈö æó ÇáúÎõÑóÒö æó ÛóíúÑö Ðóáößó æó ÇáÊõøæóáõ ãóÇ ÊóÊóÍóÈóøÈõ Èöåö ÇáäöøÓóÇÁõ Åöáóì ÃóÒúæóÇÌöåöäóø ßóÇáúßöåóÇäóÉö æó ÃóÔúÈóÇåöåóÇ æó ÞóÇáó ÌóÚúÝóÑõ Èúäõ ãõÍóãóøÏò Ú æó áóÇ ÈóÃúÓó ÈöÊóÚúáöíÞö ãóÇ ßóÇäó ãöäó ÇáúÞõÑúÂ

Rough Translation: A person asked about Al-Tamaa-im (amulet) that hangs. Imaam Ja'far As-Saadiq (as) said: No problem, as long as the thing hanging is from the Qur'aan


  1. Source:
  2. Nu'man ibn Muhammad Al-Tamimi (d. 363 AH), Da'aa-im Al-Islaam, vol. 2, pg. 142
  3. Al-Noori, Mustadark Al-Wasaa'il, vol. 4, pg. 317, hadeeth # 4774

[æó Úóäú ÃóãöíÑö ÇáúãõÄúãöäöíäó Ú Ãóäóøåõ ßóÇäó íóÞõæáõ ßóËöíÑÇð ãöäó ÇáÑõøÞóì æó ÊóÚúáöíÞö ÇáÊóøãóÇÆöãö ÔõÚúÈóÉñ [ãöäó ÇáúÅöÔúÑóÇßöþ

Rough Translation: Most of Al-Ruqya (charms) and hanging Al-Tamaa-im (amulets) that are collected are traps/shirk


  1. Source:
  2. Nu'man ibn Muhammad Al-Tamimi (d. 363 AH), Da'aa-im Al-Islaam, vol. 2, pg. 483
  3. Al-Noori, Mustadark Al-Wasaa'il, vol. 4, pg. 318, hadeeth # 4775
  4. Al-Noori, Mustadark Al-Wasaa'il, vol. 13, pg.110, hadeeth # 14917

As you can see, the Prophet (SAWAS) and the Imaams (as) were explicit in saying that "Most/Many of the Al-Tamaa-im (amulets) are (considered) shirk". But our Prophet (SAWAS) and Imaams (as) made an exception only for ONE thing, and that is the Qur'aan.

Now from the various aHaadeeth I have read on this, none of aHaadeeth allow for someone to wear Al-Ta'weedh / Al-Tamaa-im that is the words of the Prophet (SAWAS) or the Imaams (as) also known as Du'aa.

From this, I take it that if Du'aa were permissible to be put in Al-Ta'weedh / Al-Tamaa-im, then our Prophet (SAWAS) or Imaams (as) would've specified it . It cannot be "inferred", it MUST be specifically said.

If anyone can provide some aHaadeeth along with the book on where it says that it is permissible to have the the words of the Prophet (SAWAS) and Imaams (as).

I hope this clarifies some information regarding Al-Ta'weedh / Al-Tamaa-im.

(salam)

Edited by Nader Zaveri

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