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In the Name of God بسم الله

What I have learned from the Quran

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On a scale of 1 to 5, I would say... for every 1 polite, I find 4 full of animosity.

 

Greetings Clynn

 

It is part of the overall culture of anonymity in the Internet. 

 

Many people have had similar experiences.

 

I could also say that your statement shows a clearly negative approach to Catholism.

 

 

I just  gave you an example about the clergy, only to make the point.

 

I have more Christian friends in my personal life than you could imagine.

 

I was only copying what Muslims have done with things that I have posted.

 

Well, you need to express yourself at the right place in the right manner.

 

Not by crossing out a word from the spiritual leader of another faith. 

And as I have already explained, the word 'religion' just means 'duty to God', which it really is.  

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To continue with instructions from Ali, from the letter in Post 82: Do not give cause to the people to envy each other (man against man, tribe against tribe or one section of the society against the

ILove , --- Comments on Imam Ali: Since you had asked me to review the letter that was written by Imam Ali in Post 82, with instructions to Malik, --- I have begun to do that and will post some of t

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ILove ,

--- Comments on Imam Ali:

Since you had asked me to review the letter that was written by Imam Ali in Post 82, with instructions to Malik, --- I have begun to do that and will post some of the wisdom, conviction, and personality of Ali, in his time of leadership.

(These are the orders issued by Imam Ali, to Malik when he appointed the latter as governor of Egypt.)

I order you, Malik, always to keep the fear of Allah in your mind, to give priority to His worship and to give preference to obeying His Commands over every other thing in life, to carefully and faithfully follow the commandments and interdictions as are given by the Holy Book and the traditions of the Holy Prophet (s) because the success of a man to attain happiness in this world and in the next depends upon these qualities, and a failure to achieve these attributes brings about total failure in both the worlds.

You must know that a good and virtuous man is known and recognized by the good that is said about him and the praise which Allah has destined him to receive from others. Therefore, make your mind the source and fountain-head of good thoughts, good intentions and good deeds. This can only be attained by keeping a strict control on your desires and yearnings, however much they may try to incite and coerce you. Remember that the best way to do justice to your inner self and to keep it out of harm is to restrain it from vice and from things which the 'self' inordinately and irrationally desires.

Remember, Malik, that amongst your subjects there are two kinds of people: those who have the same religion as you have; they are brothers to you, and those who have religions other than that of yours, they are human beings like you. Men of either category suffer from the same weaknesses and disabilities that human beings are inclined to, they commit sins, indulge in vices either intentionally or foolishly and unintentionally without realizing the enormity of their deeds. Let your mercy and compassion come to their rescue and help in the same way and to the same extent that you expect Allah to show mercy and forgiveness to you.

Do not feel ashamed to forgive and forget. Do not hurry over punishments and do not be happy with and proud of your power to punish. Do not get angry and lose your temper quickly over the mistakes and failures of those over whom you rule. On the contrary, be patient and sympathetic with them. Anger and desire of vengeance are not going to be of much help to you in your administration.

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To continue with instructions from Ali, from the letter in Post 82:

Do not give cause to the people to envy each other (man against man, tribe against tribe or one section of the society against the other). Try to alleviate and root out mutual distrust and enmity from amongst your subjects.

Be fair, impartial and just in your dealings with all, individually and collectively and be careful not to make your person, position and favours act as sources of malice. Do not let any such thing or such person come near to you who does not deserve your nearness and your favour. Never lower your dignity and prestige.

Remember that backbiters and scandal-mongers belong to a mean and cunning group, though they pretend to be sincere advisers. Do not make haste to believe the news they bring and do not heed to their advice.

Do not accept the advice of misers, they will try their best to keep you away from acts of kindness and from doing good to others. They will make you frightened of poverty.

Similarly do not allow cowards to act as your advisers because they will make you timid in enforcing your orders, will scare you from handling important affairs boldly and will make your enterprises and invasions timid and timorous attempts. At the same time avoid greedy and covetous persons who would aspire to the position of acting as your counsellor because he will teach you how to exploit the community and how to oppress people to get their wealth. Remember that miserliness, cowardice and greed appear to be different wicked qualities but they all arise from the same evil mentality of having no faith and no trust in Allah.

Select honest, truthful and pious people as your companions. Train them not to flatter you and not to seek your favour by false praises because flattery and false praises create vanity and conceit and they make a man lose sight of his real self and ignore his duties.

You should not treat good and bad people alike because in this way you will be discouraging good persons and at the same time emboldening the wicked to carry on their wickedness. Everyone should receive the treatment which his deeds make him deserve.

Try carefully to realize that a ruler can create goodwill in the minds of his subjects and can make them faithful and sincere to him only when he is kind and considerate to them, when he reduces their troubles, when he does not oppress them and when he never asks for things which are beyond their power.

These are the principles which you should keep in mind and act upon. Let your attitude be such that they do not lose faith in you because a good faith on their part will reduce many troubles of administration and will relieve you of many worries and anxieties. And so far as your confidence and trust is concerned, let it rest with those people whom you have tested in difficulties and whom you have befriended, but you should always mistrust those people whom you have wronged or who have proved themselves undeserving, inefficient or unfaithful.

Do not give up those practices and do not break those rules which good Muslims have evolved or introduced before you, which have created unity and amity among the various sections of the society and which have benefited the masses.

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ILove ,  Comments on Imam Ali, Since you had asked me to review the letter that was written by Imam Ali in Post 82, with instructions to Malik, --- I have begun to do that and will post some of the wisdom, conviction, and personality of Ali, in his time of leadership.

 

Hi Placid

 

Thanks for your time. 

 

I feel that every single word in that letter is simply out of this world.

 

They represent a microcosm of Islam. Here are some:-

 

  • Malik! You must create in your mind kindness, compassion and love for your subjects. Do not behave towards them as if you are a voracious and ravenous beast and as if your success lies in devouring them.

  • Remember, Malik, that amongst your subjects there are two kinds of people - those who have the same religion as you have; they are brothers to you, and those who have religions other than that of yours, they are human beings like you. Men of either category suffer from the same weaknesses and disabilities that human beings are inclined to, they commit sins, indulge in vices either intentionally or foolishly and unintentionally without realizing the enormity of their deeds. Let your mercy and compassion come to their rescue and help in the same way and to the same extent that you expect Allah to show mercy and forgiveness to you.

  • Never think of raising yourself to such a false prestige that you can declare war against Allah because you cannot ward off His Wrath and you can never be free from the need of His Mercy and Compassion.
  • Do not feel ashamed to forgive and forget. Do not hurry over punishments and do not be happy with and proud of your power to punish. Do not get angry and lose your temper quickly over the mistakes and failures of those over whom you rule. On the contrary, be patient and sympathetic with them. Anger and desire of vengeance are not going to be of much help to you in your administration.
  • Never say to yourself, "I am their Lord, their ruler and all in all over them and that I must be obeyed submissively and humbly"
  • Do not usurp the rights of men
  •  Remember, Malik! that there is nothing in this world more effective to turn His Blessings into His Wrath quicker than to insist upon oppression over His creatures because the Merciful Allah will always hear the prayers of those who have been oppressed and He will give no chance to oppressors.
  • You must always appreciate and adopt a policy which is neither too severe nor too lenient, a policy which is based upon equity will be largely appreciated.
  • People have weaknesses and failings and it is the duty of the government to overlook (minor) shortcomings.
  • You must not try to go in search of those weaknesses which are hidden from you, leave them to Allah, and about those weaknesses which come to your notice, you must try to teach them how to overcome them. 
  • Try not to expose the weaknesses of the people and Allah will conceal your own weaknesses which you do not want anybody to know.
  • Do not give cause to the people to envy each other (man against man, tribe against tribe or one section of the society against the other). Try to alleviate and root out mutual distrust and enmity from amongst your subjects.
  • Be fair, impartial and just in your dealings with all, individually and collectively and be careful not to make your person, position and favours act as sources of malice. Do not let any such thing or such person come near to you who does not deserve your nearness and your favour. Never lower your dignity and prestige.
  • Remember that backbiters and scandal-mongers belong to a mean and cunning group, though they pretend to be sincere advisers. Do not make haste to believe the news they bring and do not heed to their advice.
  • Do not accept the advice of misers, they will try their best to keep you away from acts of kindness and from doing good to others. They will make you frightened of poverty.
  • Similarly do not allow cowards to act as your advisers because they will make you timid in enforcing your orders, will scare you from handling important affairs boldly and will make your enterprises and invasions timid and timorous attempts. At the same time avoid greedy and covetous persons who would aspire to the position of acting as your counsellor because he will teach you how to exploit the community and how to oppress people to get their wealth. Remember that miserliness, cowardice and greed appear to be different wicked qualities but they all arise from the same evil mentality of having no faith and no trust in Allah.
  • Your worst ministers will be the men who had been ministers to the despotic rulers before you and who had been a party o atrocities committed by them. Such persons should not be taken into your confidence and should not be trusted because they have aided sinners and have assisted tyrants and cruel rulers.   In their stead you can easily find persons who are equally wise and learned but who have not developed sinful and criminal mentalities, who have neither helped the tyrants in their tyrannies nor have they assisted them to carry on their sinful deeds. Such persons will prove the least troublesome to you.
  • Select honest, truthful and pious people as your companions. Train them not to flatter you and not to seek your favor by false praises because flattery and false praises create vanity and conceit and they make a man lose sight of his real self and ignore his duties.
  • Try to realize that a ruler can create goodwill in the minds of his subjects and can make them faithful and sincere to him only when he is kind and considerate to them, when he reduces their troubles, when he does not oppress them and when he never asks for things which are beyond their power.
  • These are the principles which you should keep in mind and act upon. Let your attitude be such that they do not lose faith in you because a good faith on their part will reduce many troubles of administration and will relieve you of many worries and anxieties. And so far as your confidence and trust is concerned, let it rest with those people whom you have tested in difficulties and whom you have befriended, but you should always mistrust those people whom you have wronged or who have proved themselves undeserving, inefficient or unfaithful.

 

I think if every government official in the world followed this set of advice, the world would be a much better place.

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And some of Ali's sayings in regard to general behaviour from Post 83:-

1. Abstinence from vice is better than the pursuit of virtue.

2. It is wiser to abstain from evil than to repent.

3. Giving way to anger is shame and sin.

4. Greatness lies in the nobility of aspirations, not in the decaying bones of your ancestors.

5. The highest wisdom is to take up arms against your desires.

6. If you find yourself in a position of strength over your adversary, then in gratitude to God, forgive him.

7. To 'forgive and forget' is among the best deeds of a great man.

8. Be generous but not extravagant, be frugal but not miserly.

9. There is no shame in giving a little, there is greater shame in sending the needy away.

10. Coming to the aid of the oppressed is atonement for many sins.

11. Treat people in a way and live amongst them in a manner that if you die they weep for you, if you live they long for your company.

12. Humility despite position is like mercy despite power.

13. Patience is of two kinds :- endurance of suffering and abstinence from pleasure.

14. There are many knowledgable people who have ruined their future on account of their ignorance of religion. Their knowledge has proved of no avail to them.

15. How I wonder at the man who loses hope of salvation while the door of repentance is still open to him !

16. Sinning is a disease, the treatment for which is repentance and the cure abstinence.

17. The sin which makes you sad and repentant finds more favour with the Lord than the good deed which makes you proud and conceited.

18. A fool's mind is at the mercy of his tongue.

19. The wise man's tongue is controlled by his mind.

20. A wise man thinks first and then speaks. The fool speaks first and then thinks.

21. Watch your tongue, for it is an arrow that often goes wrong.

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