Jump to content
Guests can now reply in ALL forum topics (No registration required!) ×
Guests can now reply in ALL forum topics (No registration required!)
In the Name of God بسم الله

Martyrdom of Imam Zayn al-‘Abedin (AS)

Rate this topic

Recommended Posts

  • Veteran Member



Martyrdom of Imam Zayn al-‘Abedin (as)

Imam Zayn al-‘Abedin, peace be on him, became old and weak. This is because he exhausted himself by hard worship and obedience to God. The historians unanimously agreed that the Imam passed most his lifetime fasting by day and standing in prayer by night. Meanwhile, he remembered the tragedy of Karbala. When he looked at his aunts and his sisters, he remembered their escape from one tent to another, and the caller of the people called out: “Burn the houses of the wrongdoers!” These memories saddened him very much and affected his body.

The Imam is given poison

Imam Zayn al-‘Abedin enjoyed great popularity. The people spoke with admiration about his knowledge, his jurisprudence, and his acts of worship. The assemblies admired his patience and all his other qualities. The Imam occupied the hearts and feelings of the people. Hence blessed was he who saw him, met him, and listened to his words.

This situation frightened the Umayyads, especially as it concerns al-Walid ibn ‘Abdul-Malek, who was the most spiteful toward the Imam. az-Zuhri reported on the authority of al-Walid ibn ‘Abdul-Malek, who said: “I cannot have a rest as long as ‘Ali ibn al-Husayn is in this world!”

(Hayat al-Imam Muhammad al-Baqer, volume 1, page 51).

When al-Walid became king, he decided to assassinate the Imam. He sent poison to his governor of Madinah, and ordered him to mix the poison (with liquid) and give it to the Imam to drink.

(al-Ithaf bi-Hub al-Ashraf, page 52. as-Sawaeq al-Mohreqah, page 53).

The poison reacted on the Imam’s body, and he suffered severe pain. The Imam remained on the bed of illness for some days. He complained to God of this and asked Him for forgiveness and good pleasure. The people crowded to visit him, and he, peace be on him, praised and lauded God for providing him with martyrdom at the hand of the most wicked creature.

His Designation of al-Baqer for the Imamate

Imam Zayn al-‘Abedin, peace be on him, entrusted the Imamate to his son al-Baqer, peace be on him, who was the pioneer of the cultural, scientific movement in Islam.

az-Zuhri said: “I visited ‘Ali ibn al-Husayn and asked him: If God’s inevitable command comes, whom shall we follow after you?”

The Imam gently looked at him and replied: “(Follow) this son of mine (pointing to his son Muhammad al-Baqer), for he is my testamentary trustee, my inheritor, the box of my knowledge, the origin of knowledge, and the one who will split knowledge open.”

“Why have you not appointed your most obedient son as your testamentary trustee?” asked az-Zuhri.

az-Zuhri did not understand the affair of the Imamate. He thought that it was based on the tribal customs.

“Oh Aba ‘Abdullah, the Imamate is not based on oldness and youngness. In this manner, God’s Apostle, may God bless him and his family, entrusted (the Imamate) to us, and in this manner we have found it in the tablet (lawh) and the parchment (sahifah),” answered the Imam.

Demanding more information, az-Zuhri asked: “Oh Son of God’s Apostle, did your Prophet appoint you as testamentary trustees after him?”

“We have found twelve names in the parchment and the tablet. Their Imamate, the names of their fathers and of their mothers have been written in the tablet,” replied the Imam, “and seven testamentary trustees will come out of the loins of my son Muhammad. al-Mahdi will be one of them.”

(al-Khazzaz, Kefayat al-Athar. Ithbat al-Hudat, volume 5, page 264).

Some Shi’ah visited the Imam, and he nominated his son Muhammad al-Baqer before them, and ordered them to follow him. Then he gave him a document and a box in which were the inheritances of the prophets, the weapon and books of God’s Apostle, may God bless him and his family.

(Basaer ad-Darajat, page 146. Ithbat al-Hudat, volume 5, page 268).

His Commandments to his Son al-Baqer

Imam Zayn al-‘Abedin, peace be on him, entrusted his commandments to his son Imam Muhammad al-Baqer, peace be on him. The following is some of his commandments to him:

1. He commanded him (to take care of) his she-camel. He said to him: “I performed the hajj on this she-camel of mine twenty times, yet I did not whip it. When it dies, bury it. Let not the beasts eat its meat, for God’s Messengers, may God bless him and his family, said: ‘If a camel stops seven times at ‘Arafah, God will place it among the favours of the Garden, and bless its offspring.’”

(al-Barqi, Mohasen, volume 2, page 635).

Imam al-Baqer carried out these commandments of his father.

2. The Imam gave to his son this commandment, which displays the brilliant sides of the qualities of the members of the House (Ahlul-Bayt), peace be on them. He said to him: “Oh my little son, I will command you with what my father commanded me when death was close to him. He said to me: ‘Oh my little son, beware of wronging him who finds no helper against you except God.’”

(al-Amali, page 161. al-Khisal, page 185).

3. He commanded him to wash and shroud him and to undertake all his other affairs until he buried him in his final resting place.

To the Shelter Garden

The state of the Imam became worse. His illness became intense. The Imam suffered exhausting pain, for the poison reacted on all the parts of his body. He told his family that he would move to Paradise at night. He fainted three times. When he came to consciousness, he recited Surat al-Fatehah, and Surat Inna Fatahna [al-Fath]. Then he, peace be on him, said: “Praise belongs to God, Who has made good to us His promise and made us inherit the land; we may abide in the garden where we please; so goodly is the reward of the workers.” Then the Imam’s great soul went to its Creator, as the souls of the prophets and the messengers did. God’s angels, favours and greetings surrounded it with magnification and admiration. This great soul met its Creator after it had illuminated the horizons of this world with knowledge, worship, and freedom from all inclinations of caprice.

His Preparation for Burial

Imam Abu Ja’far al-Baqer undertook the preparation of the corpse of his father. He washed his pure body. The people saw the places of his prostration, which were like the knees of camels, out of his abundant prostration (in prayer) for God, the Exalted. They also saw his shoulders, which were like the knees of camels. Then they asked al-Baqer about this, and he replied: “He would put food into his bag, carried it on his shoulders, and divided the food among the poor and the deprived.”

(Hayat al-Imam Muhammad al-Baqer, volume 1, page 54).

When al-Baqer had finished washing the corpse of his body, he shrouded it, and prayed over it with the written prayers.

Escorting him to his Final Resting Place

Great escorting was held for the Imam. Madinah (Yathreb) had never witness such escorting before. This is because the righteous and the sinful escorted him. The masses surrounded the great coffin. They wept and lamented for the Imam in humbleness. They felt a heavy loss, for they lost immense good and unique spirituality. When the Imam died, the tongues kept silent, and the intellects became perplexed. Hence the people of Madinah crowded all around the Holy Corpse.

At his Final Resting Place

In the middle of a halo of exclaiming God is great and praising Him, the people brought the Holy Corpse to Jannat al-Baqi’ Cemetery. They dug a grave for him beside the grave of his pure uncle, Imam al-Hasan, the master of the youths of Paradise, and the plant of sweet basil of God’s Apostle, may God bless him and his family.

Then Imam al-Baqer, peace be on him, buried his father in his final resting place. With him he buried knowledge, kindness, reverential fear, spirituality of the prophets and of the God-fearing. After Imam al-Baqer had finished burying his father, the people hurried to him to console him. The Imam, his brothers, and the other Hashemites, thanked them for their condolences.

Link to comment
Share on other sites


When Imam Sajjad (as) is in Yazid's (la) court. Yazid is like "Ali ibn Hussain? I thought he was killed in kerbala?" and Imam (as) replied with sorrow " I had a brother called Ali, who was killed in Kerbala"

:( And he had to bury his little sister in shaam. He had such a tough test.

On the day of judgement Allah swt will call out "Where is the ornament of the worshippers?" and Imam Sajjad (as) wil step forward :D

Link to comment
Share on other sites

  • Basic Members

One question to ask whenever the masaib are recited....we love our Masoomeen a.s so much and we cry for them so much...imagine how much the Imam of our time loves us and cares for us...when the Imam looks at us can you imagine what he goes through??? His fathers have sacrificed so much for us....so much to save Islam...to save us...are we at a status to even think about whether we are worthy enough for thier sacrfice?? We need to use these masaib to build ourselves and to remember the fact that whilst we may be waiting for our Imam, our Imam is also waiting for us...Ehsant dear brother thankyou so much for sharing.

Link to comment
Share on other sites

Join the conversation

You are posting as a guest. If you have an account, sign in now to post with your account.
Note: Your post will require moderator approval before it will be visible.

Reply to this topic...

×   Pasted as rich text.   Paste as plain text instead

  Only 75 emoji are allowed.

×   Your link has been automatically embedded.   Display as a link instead

×   Your previous content has been restored.   Clear editor

×   You cannot paste images directly. Upload or insert images from URL.

  • Create New...