Jump to content
Guests can now reply in ALL forum topics (No registration required!) ×
ShiaChat.com
Guests can now reply in ALL forum topics (No registration required!)
In the Name of God بسم الله

Allocation of Khums for Bani Hashim=Favouritism?

Rate this topic


Recommended Posts

  • Advanced Member

Some people assume that this Islamic tax which consists twenty percent of lots of assets and half of it has been allocated for Sadat and children of Prophet (s.a.) is considered as a kind of racial superiority, and it is possible to see partiality for relatives and discrimination in that, and this matter is not compatible with the soul of social justice of Islam and universality and generality of that!

Answer:

Surely, people who think this way had not studied the conditions and characteristics of this Islamic ruling completely, because the complete answer to this question is hidden in these conditions; the explanation of this expression is that:

First of all, half of Khums which is for Sadat of Bani Hashim should be given exclusively to their poor persons, and only as much as they need for one year to live and nothing more than that; therefore only persons who are either superannuated or ill, and orphan children or any other person who has reached a dead end in costs of living in any way.

Therefore, persons who are able to work and potentially or practically can gain an income which cover their costs of living, never can use this part of Khums, and the sentence which is famous among people that: “Sadat take Khums even the chute of their house has been made by from gold!” is nothing more than common talk and has no fundamentals at all.

Secondly, poor and needy persons of Bani Hashim do not have the right to spend anything from “Zakat” and in change they should only use this part of Khums.1

1- The proofs of this matter that Bani Hashim dynasty have been prevented from taking Zakat are lots of cabbalas which have been quoted in Shiites’ and Sonnies’ books, and these cabbalas are so much that no place for any kind of doubt will remain, and denying these cabbalas is equal to denying self evidence matters; for information about these cabbalas in Shiite resources you can refer to the book Wasael Al-Shi’aa, vol. 6, chapter 29 from chapters of “people who deserve Zakat”, first, second, third and fourth Hadith.

And Also chapter 30, first Hadith; chapter 31, third Hadith; chapter 32, third, fifth, sixth, seventh and ninth Hadith; chapter 33, first Hadith and chapter 34, fourth Hadith.

And for more information about Ahadith of this issue in Sonni resources, you can refer to the book “Sunan of Beihaghi”, vol. 7; the book “Al-Sadaqat”, page 29, chapter “Âá ãÍãøÏ áÇíÚØæä ãä ÇáÕøÏÞÇÊ ÇáãÝÑæÖÇÊ” and page 30, chapter “ÈíÇä Âá ãÍãøÏ ÇáøÐíä ÊÍÑøã Úáíåã ÇáÕøÏÞÉ ÇáãÝÑæÖÉ”.

And Also to the book “Majma’ Al-Zawa’ed”, vol. 2, page 89, chapter “ÇáÕøÏÞÉ áÑÓæá Çááøå æ áÂáå” and the book “Makateeb Al-Rasool”, pages 216, 224, 230 and 432.

And to the book “Musannaf” by Abdul Razzaq, vol.4, page 50, chapter “áÇ ÊÍáø ÇáÕøÏÞÉ áÂá ãÍãøÏ” which there is lots of cabbalas quoted about this matter.

And also to the book “Al-Mughani” by Ibn Qudama, printed in Beirut, vol. 2, page 519, and the book “Sunan of ibn Dawood”, printed in Beirut, vol. 2, page 45 and other books.

Thirdly, if the share of Sadat which is half of Khums is more than their need, then that amount should be paid to Bait Al-Mal, as if their need is more than their share from Khums, inevitably they should be paid from Bait Al-Mal or the share of “Zakat”.1

According to these triple reasons, it clears that in fact no difference had been made between Sadat and other than Sadat in financial matters.

1- Wasael Al-Shi’aa, chapter 3 from chapters of share of Khums, Hadith 1 and 2.

Needy and poor persons of Sadat can cover their costs of living for one year from Zakat but they are deprived from Khums and poor people who are not from Sadat can use Khums, but they do not have the right to use Zakat.

In fact, two sources are available here, source of Khums and source of Zakat, and each of these two groups can only use one of these two resources in equal amount which is the costs of living for one year.

But persons who did not pay attention to these characteristics and conditions assume that more share has been placed for Sadat from Bait Al-Mal.

The only question that remains is that if there is no difference in result between these two sources then what benefit can this program have?

The answer to this question can also be understood by noticing a matter, and the matter is that there is an important difference between Khums and Zakat and the difference is that Zakat is one of taxes which in fact considers as public assets of Islamic society, therefore its usages should be in this same part, but Khums is one of taxes which is related to Islamic government; it means that costs of Islamic government and its governor should be provided from this source.

Therefore, deprivation of Sadat from public assets (Zakat) in fact is for preventing the relatives of Prophet (s.a.) from this part, in order not to give anybody any excuse that Prophet (s.a.) has dominated his relatives on public assets.

But needy and poor persons of Sadat should also be provided; this matter has been foreseen in Islamic laws in the way that they use the budget of Islamic government not the public budget.

Therefore, not only Khums is a superiority or advantage for Sadat, but it is a kind of putting them aside for public benefits in order that no misdeem can be made.1

1- It is considerable that in some of Islamic cabbalas like Hadith 2, chapter 29 from chapter of “people who deserve Zakat”, vol. 6 of the book “Wasael Al-Shi’aa”, Zakat has been expressed as “Awsakh” (dirt of people’s hands), and the purpose of this expression is to encourage Bani Hashim to this deprivation that they have and in another side, show people that they should provide their needs with their own efforts as much as they can and they should not impose themselves to Bait Al-Mal, and only people who have crushed under the pressure of life can be provided in this way.

In other hand, these cabbalas prove this fact that “Zakat” is not a considerable income which anyone tries to gain that and people use that for gaining blessings, but these are dirty assets because a person had not worked for that and pure and clean assets are those which human works and endeavors for gaining them.

And the main goal is that Zakat reaches people who really deserve it not the ones who are lazy and idle and do not want to work for their living, albeit this is salubrious and completely without obstacle for people who really deserve Zakat and seemingly this expression (Awsakh) is taken from the holy verse (verse 130 of Tawba Sura) “ÎÐ ãä ÇãæÇáåã ÕÏÞÉ ÊØåøÑåã” because this verse say that paying Zakat is the cause of purity and we know that in order to pure a thing we should always remove its dirt from it.

It is interesting that this matter has been mentioned it Ahadith of Shi’aa and Ahl -e- Sonnat; we read in a Hadith from Imam Sadiq (a.s.) that a group of people from Bani Hashim came to Prophet (s.a.) and asked his holiness to launch them in the duty of collection Zakat of four-footed animals and they said we deserve more for this share which Allah has specified for collectors of Zakat; Prophet (s.a.) said: Bani Abdul Muttalib! Zakat is not Halaal (permitted) neither for me nor you, but I promise my intercession in change of this deprivation … you should be satisfied of thing s which Allah and your Prophet have specified for you (and do not deal with Zakat)! They said we got satisfied.1

1- Wasael Al-Shi’aa, vol. 6, page 186.

It is well understood from this Hadith that Bani Hashim had known this matter as a deprivation for themselves and Prophet (s.a.) promised them the intercession in change.

We read a Hadith in “Sahih of Muslim” which is one of most famous books of Ahl -e- Sonnat that briefly says “Abbas” and “Rabi’a ibn Harith” came to Prophet (s.a.) and asked him that their sons who were two young persons called “Abdul Muttalib ibn Rabi’a” and “Fazl ibn Abbas” to be the collectors of Zakat and take a share like others in order to provide the costs of their marriages, Prophet (s.a.) denied that and ordered that their means of marriage to be provided from another way and Mahr to be paid from Khums.1

It is also understood from this Hadith which is too long with details that Prophet (s.a.) insisted that prevent their relatives from achieving Zakat (public assets).

1- Sahih of Muslim, vol. 2, page 752.

It cleared from the things which we said that Khums is not only considered as an advantage for Sadat, but it is a kind of deprivation in order to save public benefits.

Link to post
Share on other sites
  • 1 month later...
  • Advanced Member
Some people assume that this Islamic tax which consists twenty percent of lots of assets and half of it has been allocated for Sadat and children of Prophet (s.a.) is considered as a kind of racial superiority, and it is possible to see partiality for relatives and discrimination in that, and this matter is not compatible with the soul of social justice of Islam and universality and generality of that!

Answer:

Surely, people who think this way had not studied the conditions and characteristics of this Islamic ruling completely, because the complete answer to this question is hidden in these conditions; the explanation of this expression is that:

First of all, half of Khums which is for Sadat of Bani Hashim should be given exclusively to their poor persons, and only as much as they need for one year to live and nothing more than that; therefore only persons who are either superannuated or ill, and orphan children or any other person who has reached a dead end in costs of living in any way.

Therefore, persons who are able to work and potentially or practically can gain an income which cover their costs of living, never can use this part of Khums, and the sentence which is famous among people that: “Sadat take Khums even the chute of their house has been made by from gold!” is nothing more than common talk and has no fundamentals at all.

Secondly, poor and needy persons of Bani Hashim do not have the right to spend anything from “Zakat” and in change they should only use this part of Khums.1

1- The proofs of this matter that Bani Hashim dynasty have been prevented from taking Zakat are lots of cabbalas which have been quoted in Shiites’ and Sonnies’ books, and these cabbalas are so much that no place for any kind of doubt will remain, and denying these cabbalas is equal to denying self evidence matters; for information about these cabbalas in Shiite resources you can refer to the book Wasael Al-Shi’aa, vol. 6, chapter 29 from chapters of “people who deserve Zakat”, first, second, third and fourth Hadith.

And Also chapter 30, first Hadith; chapter 31, third Hadith; chapter 32, third, fifth, sixth, seventh and ninth Hadith; chapter 33, first Hadith and chapter 34, fourth Hadith.

And for more information about Ahadith of this issue in Sonni resources, you can refer to the book “Sunan of Beihaghi”, vol. 7; the book “Al-Sadaqat”, page 29, chapter “Âá ãÍãøÏ áÇíÚØæä ãä ÇáÕøÏÞÇÊ ÇáãÝÑæÖÇÊ” and page 30, chapter “ÈíÇä Âá ãÍãøÏ ÇáøÐíä ÊÍÑøã Úáíåã ÇáÕøÏÞÉ ÇáãÝÑæÖÉ”.

And Also to the book “Majma’ Al-Zawa’ed”, vol. 2, page 89, chapter “ÇáÕøÏÞÉ áÑÓæá Çááøå æ áÂáå” and the book “Makateeb Al-Rasool”, pages 216, 224, 230 and 432.

And to the book “Musannaf” by Abdul Razzaq, vol.4, page 50, chapter “áÇ ÊÍáø ÇáÕøÏÞÉ áÂá ãÍãøÏ” which there is lots of cabbalas quoted about this matter.

And also to the book “Al-Mughani” by Ibn Qudama, printed in Beirut, vol. 2, page 519, and the book “Sunan of ibn Dawood”, printed in Beirut, vol. 2, page 45 and other books.

Thirdly, if the share of Sadat which is half of Khums is more than their need, then that amount should be paid to Bait Al-Mal, as if their need is more than their share from Khums, inevitably they should be paid from Bait Al-Mal or the share of “Zakat”.1

According to these triple reasons, it clears that in fact no difference had been made between Sadat and other than Sadat in financial matters.

1- Wasael Al-Shi’aa, chapter 3 from chapters of share of Khums, Hadith 1 and 2.

Needy and poor persons of Sadat can cover their costs of living for one year from Zakat but they are deprived from Khums and poor people who are not from Sadat can use Khums, but they do not have the right to use Zakat.

In fact, two sources are available here, source of Khums and source of Zakat, and each of these two groups can only use one of these two resources in equal amount which is the costs of living for one year.

But persons who did not pay attention to these characteristics and conditions assume that more share has been placed for Sadat from Bait Al-Mal.

The only question that remains is that if there is no difference in result between these two sources then what benefit can this program have?

The answer to this question can also be understood by noticing a matter, and the matter is that there is an important difference between Khums and Zakat and the difference is that Zakat is one of taxes which in fact considers as public assets of Islamic society, therefore its usages should be in this same part, but Khums is one of taxes which is related to Islamic government; it means that costs of Islamic government and its governor should be provided from this source.

Therefore, deprivation of Sadat from public assets (Zakat) in fact is for preventing the relatives of Prophet (s.a.) from this part, in order not to give anybody any excuse that Prophet (s.a.) has dominated his relatives on public assets.

But needy and poor persons of Sadat should also be provided; this matter has been foreseen in Islamic laws in the way that they use the budget of Islamic government not the public budget.

Therefore, not only Khums is a superiority or advantage for Sadat, but it is a kind of putting them aside for public benefits in order that no misdeem can be made.1

1- It is considerable that in some of Islamic cabbalas like Hadith 2, chapter 29 from chapter of “people who deserve Zakat”, vol. 6 of the book “Wasael Al-Shi’aa”, Zakat has been expressed as “Awsakh” (dirt of people’s hands), and the purpose of this expression is to encourage Bani Hashim to this deprivation that they have and in another side, show people that they should provide their needs with their own efforts as much as they can and they should not impose themselves to Bait Al-Mal, and only people who have crushed under the pressure of life can be provided in this way.

In other hand, these cabbalas prove this fact that “Zakat” is not a considerable income which anyone tries to gain that and people use that for gaining blessings, but these are dirty assets because a person had not worked for that and pure and clean assets are those which human works and endeavors for gaining them.

And the main goal is that Zakat reaches people who really deserve it not the ones who are lazy and idle and do not want to work for their living, albeit this is salubrious and completely without obstacle for people who really deserve Zakat and seemingly this expression (Awsakh) is taken from the holy verse (verse 130 of Tawba Sura) “ÎÐ ãä ÇãæÇáåã ÕÏÞÉ ÊØåøÑåã” because this verse say that paying Zakat is the cause of purity and we know that in order to pure a thing we should always remove its dirt from it.

It is interesting that this matter has been mentioned it Ahadith of Shi’aa and Ahl -e- Sonnat; we read in a Hadith from Imam Sadiq (a.s.) that a group of people from Bani Hashim came to Prophet (s.a.) and asked his holiness to launch them in the duty of collection Zakat of four-footed animals and they said we deserve more for this share which Allah has specified for collectors of Zakat; Prophet (s.a.) said: Bani Abdul Muttalib! Zakat is not Halaal (permitted) neither for me nor you, but I promise my intercession in change of this deprivation … you should be satisfied of thing s which Allah and your Prophet have specified for you (and do not deal with Zakat)! They said we got satisfied.1

1- Wasael Al-Shi’aa, vol. 6, page 186.

It is well understood from this Hadith that Bani Hashim had known this matter as a deprivation for themselves and Prophet (s.a.) promised them the intercession in change.

We read a Hadith in “Sahih of Muslim” which is one of most famous books of Ahl -e- Sonnat that briefly says “Abbas” and “Rabi’a ibn Harith” came to Prophet (s.a.) and asked him that their sons who were two young persons called “Abdul Muttalib ibn Rabi’a” and “Fazl ibn Abbas” to be the collectors of Zakat and take a share like others in order to provide the costs of their marriages, Prophet (s.a.) denied that and ordered that their means of marriage to be provided from another way and Mahr to be paid from Khums.1

It is also understood from this Hadith which is too long with details that Prophet (s.a.) insisted that prevent their relatives from achieving Zakat (public assets).

1- Sahih of Muslim, vol. 2, page 752.

It cleared from the things which we said that Khums is not only considered as an advantage for Sadat, but it is a kind of deprivation in order to save public benefits.

I had trouble looking up the definition of cabbala? okay, I've been wondering about this for a while thanks for the post.

Link to post
Share on other sites
  • 2 weeks later...
  • Advanced Member
The same thing you would give any other person. Perhaps a vase for their house, or some pots and pans, or maybe a nice sweater.

Khums doesn't have to be money (in fact, in the early days it was not coins or notes, it was things of value).

Link to post
Share on other sites
  • Advanced Member

In the Holy presense of Aaimma Tahireen sua aj, all khums used to be presented to the IMAM sua of the time.

If realistically speaking, when a shia says that he is a slave of his IMAM ajs, and he really means it, he looses his ownership on all the belongings he has. Coz, it is the MASTER who owns all the belongings of his slaves. Even if a slave earns some wage, it is owned by the MASTER.

Secondly if khums is favouriteism, so what? It is Allah the Almighty jj who has imposed it and no other has any authority to object.

Can any one object why Allah has asked to say prayer, to fast, to perform Haj and so on ?

If these wajibat and their methods of performing can not be questioned, then why should one muslim be allowed to ask such silli questions about Khums.

If a non muslim is asking these questions, let him first agree upon usool. Once he agrees upon usool, he will have no authority to object upon furooat.

Very simple, short and bitterly sweet answer.

Maula Madad

Link to post
Share on other sites

Join the conversation

You are posting as a guest. If you have an account, sign in now to post with your account.
Note: Your post will require moderator approval before it will be visible.

Guest
Reply to this topic...

×   Pasted as rich text.   Paste as plain text instead

  Only 75 emoji are allowed.

×   Your link has been automatically embedded.   Display as a link instead

×   Your previous content has been restored.   Clear editor

×   You cannot paste images directly. Upload or insert images from URL.

×
×
  • Create New...