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In the Name of God بسم الله

Fasting During The Last Days Of Shaban

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  • Advanced Member

(salam),

I wanted to be roza/fast during the last 3 days of shaban and just continue fasting all through ramadhan inshallah. but then i read somewhere that this is not good and that you should seperate your shaban fasts from your ramadhan fasts.

so what is the true verdict?

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(salam)

Fasting during the firtst three days, the middle three days and the last three days of every lunat month are said to be a Sunnah of the M'aasoomeen.

Such fasts during Rajab and Sh'abaan are said to carry even more thawaab.

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  • Advanced Member

Salaam Sis,

Imam Al Ridha [AS] said: “If one observes fasting on the last three days of Sha`ban and attach it to the obligatory fasting of Ramadan, Almighty Allah will decide his as observing fasting in two consecutive months.”

The fast of the last 3 days of Shaban holds many merits and rewards.

May all of our fasting and deeds in this Holy Month be accepted.

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(salam) ,

I wanted to be roza/fast during the last 3 days of shaban and just continue fasting all through ramadhan inshallah. but then i read somewhere that this is not good and that you should seperate your shaban fasts from your ramadhan fasts.

so what is the true verdict?

(wasalam)

You don't need to separate them out in terms of performance, but you do need to so in terms of intention. Tha t is, you are not to count your month of Sha`ban fasts as being fasts of the month of Ramadhan (I mean of the coming month, not qadha fasts from before in which case it's ok to do so). So for instance, say it's the 29th of Sha`ban, but your unsure as to whether the moon for the next month has been sighted. You cannot fast the next day with the intention of it actually being the month of Ramadhan (unless you later find out it is in fact the month, see below for explanation). You can fast mind you, but not with that particular intention. As Sayyid Sistani's Tawzih says:

1577. * If one doubts whether it is the last day of Sha'ban or the first day of Ramadhan then the fast on that day is not obligatory. If however, somebody wants to observe fast on that day he cannot do so with the intention of observing the Ramadhan fast, but if he makes an intention that if it is Ramadhan then it is the Ramadhan fast and if it is not Ramadhan then it is qadha fast or some other fast like that, his fast will be valid. But it is better to observe the fast with the intention of qadha fast or some other fast, and if it is known later that it was Ramadhan then it will automatically be Ramadhan fast. And even if he makes a niyyat of a natural fast, and later it becomes known that it is Ramadhan, it will be sufficient (i.e. that fast will be counted as the Ramadhan fast).

1578. If it is doubtful whether it is the last day of Sha'ban or the first of Ramadhan, and a person observes a qadha or a Mustahab fast or some other fast on that day, and later comes to know the same day that it is the first of Ramadhan, then he should convert the intention to the Ramadhan fast.

Sayyid al-Khoe'i's fatwa was a little different on 1577, in that he did not allow for the if it's the month of Ramadhan, it's a month of Ramadhan fast, if it's not the month of Ramadhan, it's a qadha fast or some other fast intention:

1577. If there is a doubt about the last day of Shaban or the fist day of Ramazan then the fast of that day is not obligatory. If however, somebody wants to observe fast on that day he cannot do so with the intention of observing the Ramazan fast nor can he do so with the intention that if it is the Ramazan day then it is the Ramazan fast and if it is not Ramazan then it is the lapsed fast or some other fast like that. He should rather observe the fast with the intention of the lapsed fast or some other fast and if it is known later that it was the Ramazan day then it will be counted as the Ramazan fast. And if he intends that he is doing what Allah wants him to do and later it is known that it was Ramazan, it is sufficient (i.e. that fast will be counted as the Ramazan fast).

1578. If it is doubtful whether it is the last day of Sha'ban or the first of Ramazan, and a man or woman observes a lapsed fast or recommended or some other fast on that day, and he/she comes to know the same day that it is the first of Ramazan then he/she should change the intention to the Ramazan fast.

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  • Veteran Member

Insha'Allah.

Fast for the pure intention for Allah.

It's very good to start fasting early, so you can get used to fasting the Month of Ramadan (when it so begins). The first day of fasting a lot of people find it the most difficult. It's the transition we must learn to overcome.

Edited by Kaka Sahib
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  • 2 months later...

31-331 Muhammad ibn Ahmad ibn Al-Hussein ibn Yusuf al-Baghdadi narrated that Ali ibn Muhammad ibn Anbasa quoted on the authority of Darim ibn Qabeesa that Ali ibn Musa Al-Reza (s) narrated on the authority of his father Musa ibn Ja’far (s), on the authority of his father (s), on the authority of his forefathers (s), on the authority of Ali ibn Abi Talib (s), “When God’s Prophet (s) saw the new moon, he (s) said, “O the obedient creature that is in constant predestined motion in the vast heavens by destiny. Your Lord and my Lord is God.” The Prophet (s) would then pray and say, “O my God! Please make us see another new moon in security, safety, health, submission and goodness. Grant us a chance to see its end as you gave us enough life to see its beginning. Please establish it as a blessed month for us. Please remove our evil deeds and record good deeds instead. O the One with the greatest Goodness! Please raise our ranks in this month.”

31-332 According to the same documentation, it has been narrated that whenever the (Arabic) month of Sha’ban arrived, God’s Prophet (s) fasted three days in the beginning, three days in the middle and three days near the end of that month. He would not fast when two days were left before the (Arabic) month of Ramadhan. Then whenever Ramadhan came, he fasted.”

331 - ÍóÏøóËóäÇ ãõÍóãøóÏö Èúäö ÃóÍúãóÏö Èúäö ÇáÍõÓóíúäö Èúäö íõæÓöÝ ÇáÈóÛÏúÇÏí ÞÇáó: ÍóÏøóËóäÇ Úóáöìøö ÈúäöþÚäÈÓÉ ÞÇáó: ÍóÏøóËóäÇ ÏÇÑöã Èúäö ÞÈíÕÉ ÞÇáó: ÍóÏøóËóäÇ Úóáöìøö Èúäö ãõæÓóì ÇáÑøöÖÇ Úóáóíúåö ÇáÓøóáÇãõ ÞÇáó: ÍóÏøóËóäÇ ÃóÈí ÌóÚúÝóÑ Úóáóíúåö ÇáÓøóáÇãõþÚóäú ÂÈÇÆå Úóäú Úóáöìøö Èúäö ÃóÈöí ØÇáöÈþ Úóáóíúåö ÇáÓøóáÇãõ ÞÇáó ßÇäó ÑóÓõæáó Çááøóåö Õóáøóì Çááåõ Úóáóíúåö æóÂáöåö ÅöÐÇ ÑóÃìþ ÇáåáÇá ÞÇáó ÃóíøõåóÇ ÇáÎáÞ ÇáãØíÚ ÇáÏÇÆÈ ÇáÓÑíÚ ÇáãÊÕÑÝ Ýöí ãáßæÊ ÇáÌÈÑæÊ ÈÇáÊÞÏíÑ ÑóÈøöíþÑÈß ÇááøóåþÃóåúáöåö ÚóáóíúäÇ ÈÇáÃãä æóÇáÅíãÇä æóÇáÓáÇãÉ æóÇáÅöÓúáÇã æóÇáÅÍÓÇä æóßóãÇ ÈáÛÊäÇ Ãóæøóáõåõ ÝÈáÛäÇ ÂÎöÑóå æóÇÌÚáå ÔóåúÑÇð ãÈÇÑßÇð ÊãÍæ Ýöíåö ÇáÓíÆÇÊ æóÊËÈÊ áóäÇ Ýöíåö ÇáÍÓäÇÊ æóÊÑÝÚ áäÇÇáÏøóÑóÌÇÊþÚóÙöíã ÇáÎóíúÑÇÊ.

332 - æóÈöåÐóÇ ÇáÅÓäÇÏ ÞÇáó ßÇäó ÑóÓõæáó Çááøóåö Õóáøóì Çááåõ Úóáóíúåö æóÂáöåö ÅöÐÇ ÏóÎóáó ÔóåúÑö ÔóÚúÈÇäó íÕæãå Ýöí Ãóæøóáõåõ ËóáÇËÇð æóÝöí æÓØå ËóáÇËÇð æóÝöí ÂÎöÑóå ËóáÇËÇð æóÅöÐÇ ÏóÎóáó ÔóåúÑö ÑóãóÖÇä íÝØÑ ÞóÈúáöåö Èíæãíä Ëõãøó íÕæã.

http://www.najaf.org/english/book/30/01_3.htm

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