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In the Name of God بسم الله

List Of All Time Greatest Historical 'last Stands'

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chronologically ordered

Last stand is a loose military term used to describe a body of troops holding a defensive position in the face of overwhelming odds. The defensive force usually takes very heavy casualties or is

completely destroyed, while also inflicting high casualties on the opponent

480 BC - 1000 AD

Name Date Defending army Attacking army Ratio Details

Battle of Thermopylae 480 BC 300 Spartans and 6,700 other Greeks 60,000 to 300,000 Persian army (modern estimates)[1][2]

800,000 to 2,100,000 Persian army (ancient sources)

1:9 to 1:43

1:114 to 1:300

King Leonidas and his Spartan soldiers, accompanied by a force of allied Greek city states, held back a much larger Persian force under Xerxes for three days in one of the most memorable and eulogized last stands in classical antiquity.

*Historical ranges vary (see Battle of Thermopylae).

Battle of the Persian Gate 330 BC 700[3] Persians 10,000 to 17,000 Macedonians[3] 1:25 Ariobarzanes led the Persian resistance at the Persian Gate, in a last stand against Alexander the Great and killed a large number of Alexander's Macedonian troops. Despite Ariobarzanes' skillful tactics, Alexander defeated him and burned Persepolis to the ground.

Battle of the Hydaspes River 326 BC 22,000 Pauravas 41,000-135,000 Macedonian army 1:2 to 1:6 Porus' smaller Paurava Indian army fell against Alexander the Great's large army near the Hydaspes in Punjab, where Alexander's army suffered up to 4,300 casualties in another Pyrrhic victory. Alexander was impressed and spared Porus' life.

Siege of Numantia 134-133 b.c.e. ~4,000 militia 60,000 legionairies 1:15 The culminating and pacifying action of the long-running Numantine War between the forces of the Roman Republic and those of the native Celtiberian population of Hispania Citerior. The city refused to surrender and starvation set in.

Cannibalism ensued; eventually some began to commit suicide with their whole families. The remnant population finally surrendered only after setting their city on fire. Scipio took it and had its ruins levelled.

Catiline Conspiracy 62 BC Unknown Unknown Unknown Catiline and his army were annihilated at Pistoria (now Pistoia). "[L]eave to your enemies a bloody and mournful victory."

Siege of Masada 73 1,000 Jews 15,000 Romans 1:15 Jewish rebels committed mass suicide rather than face the prospect of surrender to the Roman army at Masada

Battle of NihawÄnd 642 100,000[4]-150,000[5] 30,000 3:1 to 5:1 The Sassanid Empire fought its final battle against the Arab conquerors. The Arabs outmaneuvered and defeated the Sassanid force, effectively ending the empire.

Battle of Karbala 680 73 30,000+ 1:410 Muhammad's grandson Husayn ibn Ali- (Husayn, Son of Ali) with 71 men fought a military detachment from the forces of Yazid I, the Umayyad caliph, numbering in the thousands, in Battle of Karbala. Husayn and all his men died.

Battle of Roncevaux Pass 778 Roland and his warriors fought to the last man against the Basques.

Battle of Maldon 10 August 991 approximately 200 Anglo-Saxons 2,000-4,000 Vikings 1:10 to 1:20 A handful of Anglo-Saxon warriors led by Byrhtnoth fought and were eventually overwhelmed by a force of 2,000 - 4,000 Vikings.

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