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In the Name of God بسم الله

5th Caliph?

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AlwayS-Dhik'r

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Salaam Alaykum

There was more than 4 Caliphs. The first five were (as you know): Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman, Ali (as) , and Hassan (as) . Imam Hussein (as) tried to become Caliph but what resulted was the tragic day of 'Ashura (or was it a happy day since Imam Hussein was granted the highest level in Jannah, true happiness?).

Imam Hassan (as) isn't considered Caliph because the Sunnis don't want to consider him Caliph. Amazingly, they accept Umar and Uthman as Caliphs. Umar was put in by Abu Bakr and forced upon the people. Uthman was voted in by a "voting commitee" set up by Umar which consisted of Uthman, Imam Ali (as), and others. Most of the voters were of Uthman's family and fufilled the unfair bias of voting in their family member (who was Uthman).

A man named Abdur-Rahman said to Imam Ali (as): "I will vote for you if you follow the Book of Allah (the Qur'an), the Sunnah (the Way of Muhammad (as)), and the ways of Abu Bakr and Umar". Umar introduced a lot of Bid'ah into the religion and changed rules around. Abu Bakr changed rules, but didn't (to my knowledge) introduce any Bid'ah. So Imam Ali (as) said that he wouldn't follow Abu Bakr and Umar, and Abdur-Rahman voted for Uthman. Imam Ali (as) later said that Abdur-Rahman voted only for Uthman because Abdur-Rahman wanted Uthman to vote him (Abdur-Rahman) in as Caliph after Uthman died just as Abu Bakr did with Umar.

Imam Ali (as) was the only Caliph who was voted in fairly. All the other Caliphs were either forced upon the Muslims (Umar) or were voted in by an extremely biased group (Abu Bakr and Uthman). After Uthman died, the Muslims finally got to vote for their own leader and chose Imam Ali (as) (I believe it was by the Will of Allah (swt)).

They are called "Rightly Guided Caliphs" because Sunnis [mistakingly] believe that they were all great men and helped the Muslim Ummah by either spreading it (Abu Bakr, Umar, and Uthman) or fixing it (Imam Ali (as) ). Imam Hassan (as) wasn't recognized by all of the Muslim Ummah and his reign was very short.

After the first five Caliphs, Mu'awiyah set up the Umayyad Dynasty. After a while, a bunch of people got angry with the Umayyads. A group claiming to be members of Ahl-ul-Bayt called the Umayyad Family into a meeting and killed all of them but one. The one who wasn't killed went to Spain and set up the Umayyad Caliphate there.

Edited by ZulfiqarAbdullah
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Afterwards came the Abbasid Dynasty. They claimed to be Ahl-ul-Bayt but they obviously weren't since they were openly persecuting Shias and the Holy Imams (peace be upon them all). Soon after, the Seljuk Turks invaded and they became the Sultans. The Seljuks ruled the Caliphate in all areas except religion. The Seljuks left the religion part to what remained of the Abbasid Family. Afterwards, the Ummah split into many peices with Dynasties everywhere and the leader of all of them claimed to be Caliphs. None of them were Ahl-ul-Bayt and all of them were usurpers to the throne.

There was a small Caliphate which was ruled by the Fatimid Family. These people also claimed to be members of Ahl-ul-Bayt. Why did they and the Abbasids do this? The answer is that they didn't want to get immediate opposition from the growing Shia community.

Fast-forward to the Crusades, you have Saladin who worked under the Caliph Nuradin against a Fatimid Caliphate faction which ultimately "restored" (or rather, forced upon the people) Sunni Islam in Egypt. Saladin later set up the Abbasid Dynasty which was the only major opposition to the muderous Crusaders.

Fast-forward way past the Crusades and you have the Seljuk Turks spreading their reign to encompass a large area. They were later known as the Ottomon Turks and they set up the Ottoman Caliphate.

These people were evil. The mere fact that they sided with Germany during WWI proves this. They were abolished in 1922 because of Germany's defeat in WWI, which was also their defeat. This drained their budget and their already weakening Caliphate. The 100th Caliph of Islam (as he called himself) died. His son took over for less than a year (not even a month, I think) and he was the 101st Caliph of Islam. He died, and the Caliphate ended.

The Saudis tried to turn their "Kingdom" (really an absolute dictatorship) into a Caliphate by trying to remake the office of the Caliph. This would make the King of Saudi Arabia the "Muslim Caliph". Praise be to Allah (swt), for the Saudis failed.

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The Prophet sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam said:

"The Caliphate will remain in my nation after me for thirty years. Then, it will be a monarchy after that."

[Ahmad, Tirmidhi and others, Sahih Al-Jami` ' As-Saghir no. 3341].

A Caliphate That Follows the Guidance of the Prophet sallallahu `alayhi wa sallam:

The Prophet Muhammad sallallahu `alayhi wa sallam mentioned that just before the end of this world, the Muslim nation will be ruled by a Caliphate that will follow the guidance sent with the Messenger of Allah sallallahu `alayhi wa sallam.

Hudhaifah bin Al-Yaman reported that the Messenger of Allah sallallahu `alayhi wa sallam said:

"Prophethood (meaning Muhammad (SAW) himself) will remain with you for as long as Allah wills it to remain, then Allah will raise it up whenever he wills to raise it up. Afterwards, there will be a Caliphate that follows the guidance of Prophethood remaining with you for as long as Allah wills it to remain. Then, He will raise it up whenever He wills to raise it up. Afterwards, there will be a reign of violently oppressive [The reign of Muslim kings who are partially unjust] rule and it will remain with you for as long as Allah wills it to remain. Then, there will be a reign of tyrannical rule and it will remain for as long as Allah wills it to remain. Then, Allah will raise it up whenever He wills to raise it up. Then, there will be a Caliphate that follows the guidance of Prophethood."

Then Hudhaifah said, "The Prophet stopped speaking."

[As-Silsilah As-Sahihah, vol. 1, no. 5]

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The same hadith without any change of a word is also narrated by Hadrat Nauman Ibn-e-Basheer Radiyallaho Anhu in Musnad-e-Ahmad Ibn-e-Hanbal.

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The reason behind mentioning this Hadith here is to state that Al-Mahdi will live in the last period of rightly guided Caliphs that the Messenger of Allah sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam mentioned himself sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam.

In this Hadith, the Messenger of Allah divided the history of the Muslim nation until the Day of Judgement into the following Five (5) stages:

The reign of the Prophet Muhammad (SAW):

remained during the time of The Prophet Hadrat Muhammad sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam

A Caliphate that rules according to the guidance revealed to the Messenger of Allah sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam:

This period is called the reign of the rightly guided Caliphs, starting with 1.Hazrat Abu Bakr Radi Allaho anhu , then 2.Hazrat Umar ibn-ul-Khattab Radi Allaho anhu, then 3.Hazrat Uthman ibn-e-Affan Radi Allaho anhu and ending with the martyr of 4.Hazrat Ali bin Abi Talib Radi Allaho anhu, may Allah be pleased with them all.

Some scholars included the short reign of Hazrat Hasan bin Ali Radi Allaho anhu, the grandson of the Messenger of Allah sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam.

These are the thirty (30) years which the Messenger of Allah sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam stated comprised the reign of the rightly guided Caliphs:

The Prophet sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam said:

"The Caliphate will remain in my nation after me for thirty years. Then, it will be a monarchy after that."

[Ahmad, Tirmidhi and others, Sahih Al-Jami` ' As-Saghir no. 3341].

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The reign of unjust rule:

This reign contains some injustice to a varying degree between one king and another. This period started after Hadrat Hasan bin Ali radi Allaho Anhu and includes the Umayyad, Abbasid, Mamluks and until the fall of the Great Ottoman Empire in the twentieth century.

This period includes all states that ruled in the Muslim World during those centuries. However, we exclude the reign of those rulers whose rule was similar to the rule of the rightly guided Caliphs, such as the reign of Hadrat Abdullah bin Zubayr Radi Allaho Anhu and Hadrat Umar bin Abdul-Aziz Rahmatulla Aleyh. These two(2) are considered among the just Caliphs from among the tribe of Quresh who ruled or will rule the Muslim nation.

The reign of the tyrannical rule:

This period started in the end of the Great Ottoman empire and continues. We ask Allah that He saves us from the evils of this period and that we witness its end soon. (Aameen)

This reign includes all the regimes that ruled the Muslim World, whether imperial, party oriented, governments controlled by the disbelievers, like those after World War I, populist or republic, which all sought to deprive Allah from His right as the Only Legislator and the only Soverign in all matters of life and religion.

When the Messenger of Allah sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam mentioned the periods that this nation will experience, he categorized them according to the type of government, whether unjust, or that which follows the guidance of the Prophet, or autocratic and tyrannical, as we experience today.

The return of a Caliphate that rules following the guidance and on the pattern of the Prophet sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam:( Khilafah 'Ala Minhaj-in-Nubuwah)

This period requires the Muslims to be prepared and strive for its imminent coming, by spreading the knowledge of the Book and the Sunnah. This is because nothing can resurrect this nation except that which resurrected its ancestors. Until this final period comes, the religion will become a stranger, the same way it started in Makkah, a stranger to its masters and slaves, the powerful and the weak, its women, and its children.

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The fifth and last period that will witness the revival of politico-socio-economic system of Islam in its very true sense as it was implemented during the Caliphate of Khulafa-e-Rashideen will be GLOBAL!

In this regard, the major and minor premises are revealed in Quran, and the result actually does suggest the global reign of Khilafah 'Ala Minhaj-in-Nubuwah.

There are three places in Quran where the purpose of the Prophethood of Hadrat Muhammad sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam is mentioned as follows without any change of a single word:

"It is He (Allah) Who has sent His Messenger with Guidance and the Religion of Truth,

that he (MuhammadSAW) may proclaim (dominate) it (Islam) over all religion." [Al-Tauba:33, Al-Fatah:28, As-Saff:9]

There are five places in Quran where it is stated that the Prohphethood of Hadrat Muhammad sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam is for the whole mankind.

The most clearly stated place in the Quran is in Surah As-Sabah:

"And We have not sent thee (O MuhammadSAW) save as a bringer of good tidings and a

warner unto all mankind; but most of mankind know not." [As-Sabah(34):28]

At another place in Surah Al-Anbiya, Allah says in Quran:

"And We sent thee (O MuhammadSAW) not, but as a Mercy for all creatures." [Al-Anbiya (The Prophets)(21):107]

Now the logical result for these minor and major premises of Syllogism is that:

"The Prophethood of MuhammadSAW is for all mankind, and purpose of

the Prophethood of Hadrat Muhammad sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam is

to dominate Islam over all religion."

So, the mission of Rasullah sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam will surely accomplish with the GLOBAL domination of Islam over all man-made systems in this world!

Al-Mahdi, Muhammad ibn-e-Abdullah will be an ordinary man from the family of the last Prophet Hadrat Muhammad sallallahu `alayhi wa sallam, born to an ordinary woman raised by ordinary man and living an ordinary life with the people of his time.

Al-Mahdi will be an Imam (mujaddid) and a Caliph, among other Caliphs who ruled Muslims with justice. However, what differentiates Al-Mahdi from other Caliphs is that he will meet Isaa Ibn-e-Maryam (Jesus son of Mary) Alaiyehis salaam (pbuh).

Also, Issa (Jesus), the Prophet of Allah, will pray behind Al-Mahdi. Allah will give Al-Mahdi the ability to righteously rule the Muslim nation in the span of a night. He will fill the earth with justice, as it was filled with injustice. He will lead the Muslim nation to the second conquering of Constantinople and possibly Rome. Al-Mahdi will live in the last period of rightly guided Caliphs that the Messenger of Allah sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam mentioned.

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  • 1 month later...
  • Veteran Member
Asalam alaikom

Abu baker was elected khaliph by a Group at saqifah, Omar was appointment by abu baker, Utham was elected by a vote of 6 people who where chosen by Umar, Ali was elected calaph by the people after uthman was murdered.

Why isnt Hasan ibn Ali considered 5th caliph? since Ali elected him? why isnt his status held at par with the first 4 caliphs in the sunni view? Where did the concept of khulafa rashideen come from? why is the earth only going to be under the supervision of 4 khulifa after the death of Prophet Muhammd (pbuh), why cant we have a khaliph in this day and age?

What was the point of only having 4 caliphs? when the ummah even after these 4 was in a worst state then before which lead to the tragic martyrdom of the Grandson of the Prophet (pbuh).

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.

These people were evil. The mere fact that they sided with Germany during WWI proves this

what a racist statement i must say!....how was germany any worse than any of the entente powers ?

britain and france did far worse to the muslims than germans ever did ....also they [brits & french] helped the saudis gained power ....

.

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  • 7 years later...
  • Basic Members

It seems to me all this argument about who should or should not have been caliph is the sign of  Islam's weakness.  Hadrat Muhammad sallallahu `alayhi wa sallam said every religion has a unique virtue and the unique virtue of my religion is modesty. How is such argument adhering to the principles of modesty set by Hadrat Muhammad sallallahu `alayhi wa sallam?

What we can say is that Hadrat Muhammad sallallahu `alayhi wa sallam  and the  early  caliphs  applied the virtue of modesty to every aspect of their lives and rule. They did not rule for pride, or  for wealth, or for  power and its trappings,  or for dominance of others by themselves and their family members.They gave away their wealth for the betterment of society and lived humble lives with little material resources. .Before we question the early caliphs  right to be caliph we need to ask ourself  whether we are capable of such adherence to the principles of laid down by  by Hadrat Muhammad sallallahu `alayhi wa sallam?  For history has shown most  latter Islamic rulers were not so conscientious, they were more concerned with amassing wealth and establishing dynasties rather applying  modesty to their every actions.

The fact that Muslims started arguing and fighting with each other over different issues rather than sorting things out,  was  foretold by  Hadrat  Muhammad sallallahu `alayhi wa sallam as the weakness that would come to plague the Muslim  Ummar. It was not the fault of the early caliphs this occurred rather  the ummar were becoming less diligent in adhering to the principles advocated  by Hadrat Muhammad sallallahu `alayhi wa sallam,  had these principles been adhered to such conflicts could not have occurred.

Does it matter if  Hasan ibn Ali considered 5th caliph by some and not others,  for the  status of any man be he of the highest or lowest  should be judged alone by his action and deeds and not by titles and other trappings and only Allah can be the true judge of any mans and his status in his eyes. Calling  or not calling  Hasan ibn Al  "Caliph"  should not affect the respect or honor we hold in our  hearts for him  be we Sunni or Shea.

As to finding a modern worthy caliph,  we need to  look  for someone who demonstrates the same standards of piousness, diligence, bravery, stand fastness, justice, patience,  kindness mercy, humility, good manners, thirst for knowledge, humbleness, chastity, modesty, promotion of harmony and  love of humanity  shown by  Hadrat Muhammad sallallahu `alayhi wa sallam  and the  early  caliphs. Probably more difficult than  looking for a particular grain of sand hidden somewhere on one of the beaches on this planet.

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