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In the Name of God بسم الله
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The Human Dignity of Woman in Creation from the Perspective of the Holy Qur’an Statesmen and noblemen, not long ago, in many parts of the world, held degrading opinions of women because of their gender; considering them inferior to men in terms of nature and essence. The flame of such gender discrimination engulfed the world so high that the existence of woman was perceived as an element of guilt. Even some bishops, priests and popes believed in sexual abstinence and sacrosanctity of celibacy in the Christian world. They seemed to regard avoidance of female as great value. There were also gender inequality between men and women in beliefs of some religious people. The main point here is that some of the scholars attributed these traditional values to Islam. It appears that they remarked on gender inequality, sexual abstinence, and considering woman as an element of guilt in Islamic doctrines. No inequality of gender is found in the holy Qur’an. It is alleged that the Qur’an considered the creation of woman inferior to man or regarded them subordinate to men. Even it is claimed that Eve, the first woman, is created from one of the left part of Adam (pbuh). Bible in Genesis states: “And Jehovah God caused a deep sleep to fall upon the man, and he slept; and he took one of his ribs, and closed up the flesh instead thereof: and the rib, which Jehovah God had taken from the man, made he a woman and brought her unto the man”.1 Furthermore, the similar story is mentioned in the New Testament. The holy Qur’an, nevertheless, mentioning in lots of verses, considered the essence of men and women the same. “He it is who has brought you into being from a single soul”.2 Sexual abstinence or sacrosanctity of celibacy was one of the strange ideas of man in centuries, in which he, by his firm belief, felt contempt for the essence of woman. It seems they hold no regard for females but just thought of them as burden of development, especially in spiritual manner. They considered marriage a great evil. Even nowadays some Christians believe that the reason of celibacy of Jesus was the inherent evilness of marriage. For example, Pope is chosen from believers whom the clergy know him for making a vow of celibacy and sexual abstinence. The church believes piety is founded upon sexual abstinence. But in Islam, the marriage is eulogized. The holy Qur’an declares correspondency of connubial relationships to the biological needs of human body and the reason of his development and ascendancy in individual or social issues. It causes tranquility and pacification in human body. Allah says: “He it is who did create you from a single soul … that he might take rest in her”3, “And one of his signs is that He created mates for you from yourselves that you may find rest in them, and He put between you love and compassion”4 One of disdainful ideas of women’s essence in the past was that female was considered an element of guilt. Some religious scholars believed that every sin which is done by men is caused by a woman. Surprisingly they said that Satan could not penetrate into men directly but by means of women. Bible attested this theory and said: “… she took of the fruit thereof, and did eat; and she gave also unto her husband with her, and he did eat.”5 But the holy Qur’an states the story differently and do not condom women. It is mentioned that Eve was not the agent of Satan. Both of them were tempted by Satan. The holy Qur’an says: “But the Shaitan made an evil suggestion to them”6 Considering the Islamic ideas, an impartial researcher will testify the importance of female unique position in Islamic doctrines. The saying of the holy prophet of Islam is fascinating: “Heaven is underneath of mothers’ feet.”7 1. Bible, Genesis 2/21, 22 ]online[. Available: http://www.readbibleonline.net ]Accessed May, 1,2016[ 2. The holy Qur’an, 5/98 «و هو الذی انشاکم من نفس واحده» 3. The holy Qur’an, 7/189 «جعل منها زوجها لیسکن الیها» 4. The holy Qur’an, 30/21 «و من آیاته ان خلق لکم من انفسکم ازواجا لتسکنووا الیها و جعل بینکم موده و رحمه» 5.Bible, Genesis 3/6 ]online[. Available: http://www.readbibleonline.net ]Accessed May, 1,2016[ 6.The holy Qur’an, 7/20 «فوسوس لهما الشیطان» 7. M. Ibn Sa’d, Tabaqat Al-Kobra. 4/274 ]online[. Available: http://www.ghbook.ir ]Accessed May, 1,2016[
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