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  1. Description of Bounties of Tauheed, Prophet hood, & Wilaya (Immamah) in Sura Al-Rehman 1. Virtues of Sura Rehman include: Imam Kadim (عليه السلام) said: "There is a bride [best thing] for everything, and that of the Qur’an is Surah al-Rahman." (Wasa’il, vol. 4, p. 451.) Numerous traditions have been narrated regarding the merits of recitation of the Chapter ( Tafsir Nur al-Thiqalayn; Tafsir Safi; Tafsir Burhan.) but only one tradition is quoted: According to a tradition narrated from the Messenger of Allah (S): "One who recites Surah al-Rahman shall be granted Divine Graciousness upon his inability to give thanks to Allah for all His Blessings and shall be rewarded for his gratitude against Divine Blessings." (Tafsir Nur al-Thiqalayn, vol. 5, p. 187.) Generally speaking, the blessed Chapter treats of different material and spiritual Divine Blessings bestowed upon His servants encompassing them all such that the blessed Chapter may bear the designations "Divine Graciousness" or "Divine Blessings," as a consequence of which the blessed Chapter opens with one of the Most Beautiful Divine Names and Attributes, "the Most Gracious" (al-Rahman) reflecting Divine encompassing Mercy and it closes with Divine Majesty and Glory. 2. The Sura describes the following including the most Naimat of Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى): Al Rehman (The Most Merciful), Taught the Qur'an, Created man, taught him eloquence, The sun and the moon [move] by precise calculation, And the stars and trees prostrate, And the heaven He raised and imposed the balance, That you not transgress within the balance, And establish weight in justice and do not make deficient the balance, And the earth He laid [out] for the creatures, Therein is fruit and palm trees having sheaths [of dates], And grain having husks and scented plants, He created man from clay like [that of] pottery, And He created the jinn from a smokeless flame of fire, [He is] Lord of the two sunrises and Lord of the two sunsets, [He is] Lord of the two sunrises and Lord of the two sunsets, He released the two seas, meeting [side by side]; Between them is a barrier [so] neither of them transgresses, From both of them emerge pearl and coral, And to Him belong the ships [with sails] elevated in the sea like mountains, Everyone upon the earth will perish, And there will remain the Face of your Lord, Owner of Majesty and Honor, Whoever is within the heavens and earth asks Him; every day He is bringing about a matter, We will attend to you, O prominent beings, O company of jinn and mankind, if you are able to pass beyond the regions of the heavens and the earth, then pass. You will not pass except by authority [from Allah ], There will be sent upon you a flame of fire and smoke, and you will not defend yourselves, And when the heaven is split open and becomes rose-colored like oil -Then on that Day none will be asked about his sin among men or jinn, The criminals will be known by their marks, and they will be seized by the forelocks and the feet, This is Hell, which the criminals deny, They will go around between it and scalding water, heated [to the utmost degree], But for he who has feared the position of his Lord are two gardens - Having [spreading] branches, In both of them are two springs, flowing, In both of them are of every fruit, two kinds, [They are] reclining on beds whose linings are of silk brocade, and the fruit of the two gardens is hanging low, In them are women limiting [their] glances, untouched before them by man or jinni - As if they were rubies and coral, Is the reward for good [anything] but good? And below them both [in excellence] are two [other] gardens - Dark green [in color], In both of them are two springs, spouting, In both of them are fruit and palm trees and pomegranates, In them are good and beautiful women - Fair ones reserved in pavilions - Untouched before them by man or jinni - Reclining on green cushions and beautiful fine carpets. Blessed is the name of your Lord, Owner of Majesty and Honor. All above is described in 47 verses of Sura Al Rehman. 3. The following is the list of the verses where Reminder is issued in 31 verses to human and Jinns both that which of the bounties your lord (Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى)) will you deny?: فَبِأَيِّ آلَاءِ رَبِّكُمَا تُكَذِّبَانِ Which then of the bounties of your Lord will you deny? (55:13) Which then of the bounties of your Lord will you deny? (55:16) Which then of the bounties of your Lord will you deny? (55:18) Which then of the bounties of your Lord will you deny? (55:21) Which then of the bounties of your Lord will you deny? (55:23) Which then of the bounties of your Lord will you deny? (55:25) Which then of the bounties of your Lord will you deny? (55:28) Which then of the bounties of your Lord will you deny? (55:30) Which then of the bounties of your Lord will you deny? (55:32) Which then of the bounties of your Lord will you deny? (55:34) Which then of the bounties of your Lord will you deny? (55:36) Which then of the bounties of your Lord will you deny? (55:38) Which then of the bounties of your Lord will you deny? (55:40) Which then of the bounties of your Lord will you deny? (55:42) Which then of the bounties of your Lord will you deny? (55:45) Which then of the bounties of your Lord will you deny? (55:47) Which then of the bounties of your Lord will you deny? (55:49) Which then of the bounties of your Lord will you deny? (55:51) Which then of the bounties of your Lord will you deny? (55:53) Which then of the bounties of your Lord will you deny? (55:55) Which then of the bounties of your Lord will you deny? (55:57) Which then of the bounties of your Lord will you deny? (55:59) Which then of the bounties of your Lord will you deny? (55:61) Which then of the bounties of your Lord will you deny? (55:63) Which then of the bounties of your Lord will you deny? (55:65) Which then of the bounties of your Lord will you deny? (55:67) Which then of the bounties of your Lord will you deny? (55:69) Which then of the bounties of your Lord will you deny? (55:71) Which then of the bounties of your Lord will you deny? (55:73) Which then of the bounties of your Lord will you deny? (55:75) Which then of the bounties of your Lord will you deny? (55:77) 4. It also mentions about Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى), Prophet, Imam Ali (عليه السلام). and Angels Al Rehman, "the Most Gracious" (al-Rahman), one of the Most Beautiful Names and Attributes of Allah. This also mentions that God Almighty taught jinn and mankind the Holy Qur’an through His Messenger, the Noble Prophet of Islam (S). Since men are habitually inclined toward speech, they underestimate it, but the fact is that speech is one of the most sophisticated and the most delicate of human acts. 5. There are 12 verses from the start of the sura and just before this verse: فَبِأَيِّ آلَاءِ رَبِّكُمَا تُكَذِّبَانِ Which then of the bounties of your Lord will you deny? (55:13) In apparent meaning there are 12 bounties that are denied and they are mentioned in these first 12 verses, But if we look at the number 12 there are 12 imams from the progeny of the prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) they are purified ones and their names have been mentioned in various hadith. But most people deny there status as Imams. This description starts at 55:13 verse and this reminder verse and ends at 55: 77 verse. The difference between 77 and 13 ei 77-13 = 64. The Sura No. 64 is named as Al Taghabun, It has 18 verses. The last verse at no. 18 is given below: عَٰلِمُ ٱلْغَيْبِ وَٱلشَّهَٰدَةِ ٱلْعَزِيزُ ٱلْحَكِيمُ {١٨} The Knower of the unseen and the seen, the Mighty, the Wise. (64:18) It has total 27 alphabets and without repetition the count is 14. These are mentioned below: ع ل م ا غ ی ب و ش ہ د ز ح ک The count is exactly equal to the number of 14 infallibles. Also the difference between 27 & 14 =13 which is equal to the count of purified Ahl alabayt as of the prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) (including his Daughter Fatima SAA and 12 imams) 6. The verse no 13 is mentioning that which of bounties of Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى) will you deny? The last verse is placed at 78 no. The difference between the two is 78-13=65. Now if we see the Sura no. 65 it is named as Sura Al Talaq. This Sura has exactly 12 verses equal to the count of 12 imams. Thus confirming that these 12 imams means or include the bounties that are denied. الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُعَلَّى بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ رَفَعَهُ فِي قَوْلِ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ فَبِأَيِّ آلاءِ رَبِّكُما تُكَذِّبانِ أَ بِالنَّبِيِّ أَمْ بِالْوَصِيِّ تُكَذِّبَانِ نَزَلَتْ فِي الرَّحْمَنِ. Al-Husayn ibn Muhammad has narrated from Mu‘alla ibn Muhammad, in a mafu‘ manner, (rafa’ahu) about the words of Allah, the Most Holy, the Most High. “(Jinn and mankind) - which of the favors of your Lord do you deny?” (55:13) Will you deny and refuse the Holy Prophet or his successor.” (Alkafi, Vol 1) 7. There are 12 verses before the first verse of reminder at sr no. 13 and just after that the verse no. is 14. Thus confirming about the rejection of 12 imams and 14 infallibles asking from the people. 8. Total verses 78 in this Sura Rehman placed at No. 55, The difference between 78 & 55 is 23. Sura at no. 23, is Al Mominoon with the verses 118 . This is Jafr numeral for Imam Hasan (عليه السلام). The first verse of this Sura Al Mominoon is mentioned below: قَدْ أَفْلَحَ الْمُؤْمِنُونَ Successful indeed are the believers, (23:1) The verse has total 14 alphabets and without repetition count is 9 in sequence to the 14 infallibles. These are: ق د ا ف ل ح ا ل م و م ن و ن just to mention here that it is in correlation to the 14 infallibles out of them 5 were present in the life of the prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) and 9 have been born after him (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم). The last of them is Imam Al Mahdi (عليه السلام) 9. The last verse of Sura Al Mominoon is 118 as given below: وَقُل رَّبِّ ٱغْفِرْ وَٱرْحَمْ وَأَنتَ خَيْرُ ٱلرَّٰحِمِينَ {١١٨} And say: O my Lord! forgive and have mercy, and Thou art the best of the Merciful ones. (23:118) The count of alphabets used in this verse is 28 and without repetition is 14. و ق ل ر ب ا غ ف ح م ن ت خ ٰی Their total count is 14 exactly equal to the number of 14 infallibles. 10. The Sura at No. 78 is Al Naba. Verse no. as mentioned in verse no. 2, Al Naba Azeem means the day of judgment and it is also mentioned as Immamat & Wilayat of Imams. Keeping in view that Sura given at sr. no 78, there are more 114-78 = 36 Suras in the Quran. If we look the name of Sura at no 36 it is Yaseen which is one of the names of the prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم). In this Sura if we find there is verse that mentions the word Imam Mubeen and in hadith this word has been used for pure imams from the progeny of the prophet. This verse is given below: إِنَّا نَحْنُ نُحْىِ ٱلْمَوْتَىٰ وَنَكْتُبُ مَا قَدَّمُوا۟ وَءَاثَٰرَهُمْ ۚ وَكُلَّ شَىْءٍ أَحْصَيْنَٰهُ فِىٓ إِمَامٍۢ مُّبِينٍۢ {١٢} The verse confirm that there are 12 imams from the progeny of the prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) in its numerical sequence as it has placed in Sura Yaseen as sr no. 12. 11. Two sura have verses 78, 22nd Al haj and 55th Sura Rehman, Last verse of hajj as given below resembles the last event of the only hajj of the prophet at Ghadeer (hadith of ghadeer also mentions Imam Ali (عليه السلام) as Mawala of the believers). وَجَاهِدُوا فِي اللَّهِ حَقَّ جِهَادِهِ ۚ هُوَ اجْتَبَاكُمْ وَمَا جَعَلَ عَلَيْكُمْ فِي الدِّينِ مِنْ حَرَجٍ ۚ مِّلَّةَ أَبِيكُمْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ ۚ هُوَ سَمَّاكُمُ الْمُسْلِمِينَ مِن قَبْلُ وَفِي هَٰذَا لِيَكُونَ الرَّسُولُ شَهِيدًا عَلَيْكُمْ وَتَكُونُوا شُهَدَاءَ عَلَى النَّاسِ ۚ فَأَقِيمُوا الصَّلَاةَ وَآتُوا الزَّكَاةَ وَاعْتَصِمُوا بِاللَّهِ هُوَ مَوْلَاكُمْ ۖ فَنِعْمَ الْمَوْلَىٰ وَنِعْمَ النَّصِيرُ And strive hard in (the way of) Allah, (such) a striving a is due to Him; He has chosen you and has not laid upon you an hardship in religion; the faith of your father Ibrahim; He named you Muslims before and in this, that the Messenger may be a bearer of witness to you, and you may be bearers of witness to the people; therefore keep up prayer and pay the poor-rate and hold fast by Allah; He is your Guardian; how excellent the Guardian and how excellent the Helper! (22:78) من كنت مولاه فهذا علي مولاه، اللهم وال من والاه وعاد من عاداه Of whomsoever I am a master, Ali is his master. My Lord! Befriend anyone who befriends him and make enmity towards anyone who makes enmity towards him. Both the above ie last verse of Sura hajj and hadith of Ghadeer mention the word “Mawla” مولا twice. Further the hadith Arabic statement is given below: من كنت مولاه فهذا علي مولاه It has following total 22 alphabets, م ن ک ن ت م و ل ا ہ ف ھ ز ا ع ل ی م و ل ا ہ This is the same number 22 at which Sura hajj has been placed in Quran. When the Holy Prophet’s speech ended on the day of Ghadir and those present paid allegiance to Ali ((عليه السلام).) as the commander of the faithful, this verse was revealed: الْيَوْمَ أَكْمَلْتُ لَكُمْ دِينَكُمْ وَأَتْمَمْتُ عَلَيْكُمْ نِعْمَتِي وَرَضِيتُ لَكُمُ الْإِسْلَامَ دِينًا Today I have perfected your religion for you and finished my bounty upon you and have chosen Islam for you as religion. Sura Al-Ma'idah: verse 3. 12. The difference in these two Sura no. is 55-22= 33. The Sura 33 is Al Ahzab. The verse 33rd of this sura (33) is the verses of purification for the purified of the prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) and his family (عليه السلام). إِنَّمَا يُرِيدُ اللَّهُ لِيُذْهِبَ عَنكُمُ الرِّجْسَ أَهْلَ الْبَيْتِ وَيُطَهِّرَكُمْ تَطْهِيرًا Allah only desires to keep away the uncleanness from you, O people of the House! and to purify you a (thorough) purifying. (33:33) 13. The no of verses as Reminder in Sura Al Rehman are 31, The other than these verses are 78-31 = 47. Sura Tauheed has 47 alphabets, Sura Muhamamd is placed at sr no 47 in Quran, the verse of purification has 47 alphabets, 13 infallible has 47 alphabets in their names. Link is given below: https://www.shiachat.com/forum/topic/235060471-quran-and-ahl-albayt-numerical-relations/?do=findComment&comment=3189527 14. The verse no. 27 of Sura Al Rehman is given below: وَيَبْقَىٰ وَجْهُ رَبِّكَ ذُو ٱلْجَلَٰلِ وَٱلْإِكْرَامِ “And there will endure for ever the person of your Lord, the Lord of glory and honor”. The verse no. 78 of the same Sura is mentioned below: تَبَٰرَكَ ٱسْمُ رَبِّكَ ذِى ٱلْجَلَٰلِ وَٱلْإِكْرَامِ “Blessed be the name of your Lord, the Lord of Glory and Honor” These are two peculiar verses where the words for Allah almighty as given below have been mentioned: Verse 27, “Rubuka Zul jelal wal ikram” , Verse 78 “Rubuka Zil jelal wal ikram:. The difference between two verse number is 78-27 = 51. The first verse of Reminder in this Sura is verse 13. ( Which then of the bounties of your Lord will you deny?13) The difference between both verse ie verse 27 & verse 13 is 27-13 = 14. It confirms that these 14 verses are in resemblance for confirmation and proof for 14 infallibles (including the prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم), his daughter, and 12 imams from his progeny) , the names of these 14 personalities have exactly 51 alphabets. This can be seen at the link : https://www.shiachat.com/forum/topic/235060471-quran-and-ahl-albayt-numerical-relations/?do=findComment&comment=3190889 . 15. Sura Al Rehamn has been placed at Sura no. 55 in quran, if we look the verse no. 55 from quran the following verse comes in: إِنَّمَا وَلِيُّكُمُ اللَّهُ وَرَسُولُهُ وَالَّذِينَ آمَنُوا الَّذِينَ يُقِيمُونَ الصَّلَاةَ وَيُؤْتُونَ الزَّكَاةَ وَهُمْ رَاكِعُون Only Allah is your Vali and His Messenger and those who believe, those who keep up prayers and pay the poor-rate while they bow. (5:55) وَمَن يَتَوَلَّ اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ وَالَّذِينَ آمَنُوا فَإِنَّ حِزْبَ اللَّهِ هُمُ الْغَالِبُونَ And whoever takes Allah and His messenger and those who believe for a guardian, then surely the party of Allah are they that shall be triumphant. (5:56) Thus the verse of Wilaya provides the evidence of Wilayah of Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى), the prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) and Masomeen (عليه السلام). The first of them (Imam Ali as.) gave the ring to the beggar while saying the prayer in ruku position. 16. There are 114 Sura in quran, the difference in count till last Sura Al-Insan (114) from Sura Al Rehman (55) is 114-55= 59. The difference in sequence no of the verse Sura Al Rehman 55 is 59-55= 4, The verse no 59 mentioned in quran in Sura no 4 is mentioned below: يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا أَطِيعُوا اللَّهَ وَأَطِيعُوا الرَّسُولَ وَأُولِي الْأَمْرِ مِنكُمْ ۖ فَإِن تَنَازَعْتُمْ فِي شَيْءٍ فَرُدُّوهُ إِلَى اللَّهِ وَالرَّسُولِ إِن كُنتُمْ تُؤْمِنُونَ بِاللَّهِ وَالْيَوْمِ الْآخِرِ ۚ ذَٰلِكَ خَيْرٌ وَأَحْسَنُ تَأْوِيلًا O you who believe! obey Allah and obey the Messenger and those in authority from among you; then if you quarrel about anything, refer it to Allah and the Messenger, if you believe in Allah and the last day; this is better and very good in the end. (4:59) This verse provides crystal clear evidence for obeying Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى), the prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) and his Ahl albayt (عليه السلام) from his purified progeny. 17. Sura no 59 is called Sura Al Hasher. هُوَ اللَّهُ الْخَالِقُ الْبَارِئُ الْمُصَوِّرُ ۖ لَهُ الْأَسْمَاءُ الْحُسْنَىٰ ۚ يُسَبِّحُ لَهُ مَا فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ ۖ وَهُوَ الْعَزِيزُ الْحَكِيمُ He is Allah the Creator, the Maker, the Fashioner; His are the most excellent names; whatever is in the heavens and the earth declares His glory; and He is the Mighty, the Wise. (59:24). Verse 7:180 for names of Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى) ٧_١٨٠ وَلِلَّهِ ٱلْأَسْمَآءُ ٱلْحُسْنَىٰ فَٱدْعُوهُ بِهَا ۖ وَذَرُوا۟ ٱلَّذِينَ يُلْحِدُونَ فِىٓ أَسْمَٰٓئِهِۦ ۚ سَيُجْزَوْنَ مَا كَانُوا۟ يَعْمَلُونَ 007:180 To Allah belong the Best Names, so supplicate Him by them, and abandon those who commit sacrilege in His names. Soon they shall be requited for what they used to do. H 356, Ch. 23, h 4 (Alkafi, Vol 1, Part2, Oneness of Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى), Miscellaneous hadith) Al-Husayn ibn Muhammad al-Ash‘ari and Muhammad ibn Yahya altogether have narrated from Ahmad ibn Ishaq from Su‘dan ibn Muslim from Mu‘awiya ibn ‘Ammar from abu ‘Abdallah ((عليه السلام).) who has said the following about the words of Allah. "God has the most blessed Names. You should address Him in your worship by these Names . . ." (7:180) The Imam said, "We, I swear by Allah, are the most blessed names of Allah without which Allah does not accept any of the good deeds of His servants until they know us properly." 18. 13 Ahl alabayt from progeny of the prophet has count of alphabets as 47 in their names, and verse no 47 in Sura Rehamn, is: فَبِأَيِّ آلَاءِ رَبِّكُمَا تُكَذِّبَانِ Which then of the bounties of your Lord will you deny? (55:47) 19. 14 infallible including the prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) and his Ahl alabayt (عليه السلام) (including the daughter of the prophet Fatima saa and 12 imams (عليه السلام)) have 51 alphabets in their names and verse no 51 in Sura Rehamn, is: فَبِأَيِّ آلَاءِ رَبِّكُمَا تُكَذِّبَانِ Which then of the bounties of your Lord will you deny? (55:51) 20. The name of Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى) The creator named as Al Rehman as per this Sura hath 4 alphabets in thy name, Thus total alphabets including the names of Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى) and 14 infallible the count is 51+4= 55 and verse no 55 in Sura Rehman, is: فَبِأَيِّ آلَاءِ رَبِّكُمَا تُكَذِّبَانِ Which then of the bounties of your Lord will you deny? (55:55) Few verses for Importance of the Quran: أَفَلَا يَتَدَبَّرُونَ الْقُرْآنَ ۚ وَلَوْ كَانَ مِنْ عِندِ غَيْرِ اللَّهِ لَوَجَدُوا فِيهِ اخْتِلَافًا كَثِيرًا 1. Then do they not reflect upon the Qur'an? If it had been from [any] other than Allah , they would have found within it much contradiction. (4:82) كِتَابٌ أَنزَلْنَاهُ إِلَيْكَ مُبَارَكٌ لِّيَدَّبَّرُوا آيَاتِهِ وَلِيَتَذَكَّرَ أُولُو الْأَلْبَابِ 2. [This is] a blessed Book which We have revealed to you, [O Muhammad], that they might reflect upon its verses and that those of understanding would be reminded. (38:29) ذَٰلِكَ بِأَنَّ اللَّهَ نَزَّلَ الْكِتَابَ بِالْحَقِّ ۗ وَإِنَّ الَّذِينَ اخْتَلَفُوا فِي الْكِتَابِ لَفِي شِقَاقٍ بَعِيدٍ 3. That is [deserved by them] because Allah has sent down the Book in truth. And indeed, those who differ over the Book are in extreme dissension.(2:176) وَمَا كَانَ هَٰذَا ٱلْقُرْءَانُ أَن يُفْتَرَىٰ مِن دُونِ ٱللَّهِ وَلَٰكِن تَصْدِيقَ ٱلَّذِى بَيْنَ يَدَيْهِ وَتَفْصِيلَ ٱلْكِتَٰبِ لَا رَيْبَ فِيهِ مِن رَّبِّ ٱلْعَٰلَمِينَ 4. This Quran could not have been fabricated by anyone besides Allah; rather, it is a confirmation of what was [revealed] before it, and an elaboration of the Book, there is no doubt in it, from the Lord of all the worlds. (10:37) إِنَّ هَٰذَا ٱلْقُرْءَانَ يَهْدِى لِلَّتِى هِىَ أَقْوَمُ وَيُبَشِّرُ ٱلْمُؤْمِنِينَ ٱلَّذِينَ يَعْمَلُونَ ٱلصَّٰلِحَٰتِ أَنَّ لَهُمْ أَجْرًۭا كَبِيرًۭا 5. Indeed this Quran guides to what is most upright, and gives the good news to the faithful who do righteous deeds that there is a great reward for them. (17:9) Conclusion: The above discussion confirms that Sura Al Rehman defines the bounties (as mentioned in this Sura) alongwith the bounty of Tauheed, The bounty of the prophet hood and the bounty of the Wialayt & Imamah of 14 Masomeen a,s. The verse repeated in this Sura by 31 times asks every muslim believer that “which then Willl you deny the bounties of the Tauheed, the prophet hood and wilayah of Ahl albayt as of the prophet s.aw (including the daughter of the prophet and 12 imams)”? إِنَّا أَنذَرْنَاكُمْ عَذَابًا قَرِيبًا يَوْمَ يَنظُرُ الْمَرْءُ مَا قَدَّمَتْ يَدَاهُ وَيَقُولُ الْكَافِرُ يَا لَيْتَنِي كُنتُ تُرَابًا Surely We have warned you of a chastisement near at hand: the day when man shall see what his two hands have sent before, and the unbeliever shall say: O! would that I were dust! (78:40)
  2. Salaam brothers and sisters, With the advent of Muharram, no doubt we are all busy commemorating the martyrdom of Imam Hussain (as) - each of us in our own way. At the same time, the enemies of Allah, The Prophet (saw), the Imams (as) and the Ahlul-Bayt (as) are also preparing to attack us – each of them in their own way. We have all witnessed their attacks on azadari and its various rituals and on the concept of Imamate. While we may have our differences on how to mourn Hussain and serve Hussain, no non-Shia has a right to tell us how we should commemorate the martyrdom of Hussain (as) or how we should mourn Hussain (as). Azadari is at the forefront in this battle of Haqq vs. Batil. They want to destroy azadari today, so they can destroy Imamate tomorrow. They want to destroy Imamate tomorrow, so they can destroy Prophethood the day after. Their last attack will be on Tauheed (Oneness of Allah) itself. The biggest example of this can been seen in Karbala itself. Imam Hussain (as) said, “One like me can never do bayah (allegiance) of one like Yazeed”. One of the many differences between them was that Yazeed was Caliph and Hussain (as) was Imam. This was the ultimate battle between caliphate and Imamate. Yazeed didn’t just attack Hussain - caliphate attacked Imamate; caliphate attacked “Aliyun Waliallah”. After caliphate thought it had defeated imamate, it turned towards Medina. Yazeed didn’t just attack Medina – caliphate attacked Prophethood; caliphate attacked “Muhammadur rasoolallah”. After caliphate thought it had defeated Prophethood, it turned towards Mecca. Yazeed didn’t just attack Mecca, caliphate attacked Tauheed; caliphate attacked “La Ilah Illallah”. Then caliphate sat back to enjoy fruits of its apparent victory. Little did caliphate know that: وَإِذْ يَمْكُرُ بِكَ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا لِيُثْبِتُوكَ أَوْ يَقْتُلُوكَ أَوْ يُخْرِجُوكَ ۚ وَيَمْكُرُونَ وَيَمْكُرُ اللَّهُ ۖ وَاللَّهُ خَيْرُ الْمَاكِرِينَ {30} [Shakir 8:30] And when those who disbelieved devised plans against you that they might confine you or slay you or drive you away; and they devised plans and Allah too had arranged a plan; and Allah is the best of planners. It started off as a chant by a few hundred azadar, then a few thousand azadar, then a few million azadar to now over 250+ million azadar chanting “Ya Lisarat Ul Hussain” (Vengeance for the blood of Hussain) and “Labaik Ya Hussain” (we are at your service O Hussain). As long as there are azadar and azadari, there will always be Aliyun Waliallah. As long as there is Aliyun Waliallah, there will always be Muhammadur Rasoolallah As long as there is Muhammadur Rasoolallah, there will always be La Ilah Illallah
  3. بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم Assalam o Alaikum, Wa Rehmatullah, Wa Barakatuhu. The most important, the most fundamental belief of Islam and the thing that causes one to enter Islam is belief in Tawheed (Oneness of Allah). "La ilaha illALLAH", There is no deity (khuda, god) except Allah. But what is meaning of "illah"? what are the things or characteristics that make someone "illah". Have you ever pondered over this thing? Answer is given by Allah in Quran, Surah Naml ayah 59 to 64. If someone's belief in Tawheed is correct as per teachings of Quran and Sunnah, then his/her other beliefs and customs/practices will also be correct or will have only a little problem. On the other hand if belief in Tawheed becomes wrong in any manner, then all other beliefs and customs will also have some problems. Because its the foundation of Islam, all other things come after this. For example consider the Jews and Christians, their main problem is their belief in Tawheed. Similarly there are many muslims (from both shia & sunni) who have some problems in their Tawheed. Read carefully. Surah Naml, Chapter 27, Verses 59-64, Translation: Sahih International. - An-Naml: Verse 59 قُلِ الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ وَسَلَامٌ عَلَىٰ عِبَادِهِ الَّذِينَ اصْطَفَىٰ ۗ آللَّهُ خَيْرٌ أَمَّا يُشْرِكُونَ Say, [O Muhammad], "Praise be to Allah , and peace upon His servants whom He has chosen. Is Allah better or what they associate with Him?" - An-Naml: Verse 60 أَمَّنْ خَلَقَ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضَ وَأَنْزَلَ لَكُمْ مِنَ السَّمَاءِ مَاءً فَأَنْبَتْنَا بِهِ حَدَائِقَ ذَاتَ بَهْجَةٍ مَا كَانَ لَكُمْ أَنْ تُنْبِتُوا شَجَرَهَا ۗ أَإِلَٰهٌ مَعَ اللَّهِ ۚ بَلْ هُمْ قَوْمٌ يَعْدِلُونَ [More precisely], is He [not best] who created the heavens and the earth and sent down for you rain from the sky, causing to grow thereby gardens of joyful beauty which you could not [otherwise] have grown the trees thereof? Is there a deity with Allah ? [No], but they are a people who ascribe equals [to Him]. - An-Naml: Verse 61 أَمَّنْ جَعَلَ الْأَرْضَ قَرَارًا وَجَعَلَ خِلَالَهَا أَنْهَارًا وَجَعَلَ لَهَا رَوَاسِيَ وَجَعَلَ بَيْنَ الْبَحْرَيْنِ حَاجِزًا ۗ أَإِلَٰهٌ مَعَ اللَّهِ ۚ بَلْ أَكْثَرُهُمْ لَا يَعْلَمُونَ Is He [not best] who made the earth a stable ground and placed within it rivers and made for it firmly set mountains and placed between the two seas a barrier? Is there a deity with Allah ? [No], but most of them do not know. - An-Naml: Verse 62 أَمَّنْ يُجِيبُ الْمُضْطَرَّ إِذَا دَعَاهُ وَيَكْشِفُ السُّوءَ وَيَجْعَلُكُمْ خُلَفَاءَ الْأَرْضِ ۗ أَإِلَٰهٌ مَعَ اللَّهِ ۚ قَلِيلًا مَا تَذَكَّرُونَ Is He [not best] who responds to the desperate one when he calls upon Him and removes evil and makes you inheritors of the earth? Is there a deity with Allah ? Little do you remember. - An-Naml: Verse 63 أَمَّنْ يَهْدِيكُمْ فِي ظُلُمَاتِ الْبَرِّ وَالْبَحْرِ وَمَنْ يُرْسِلُ الرِّيَاحَ بُشْرًا بَيْنَ يَدَيْ رَحْمَتِهِ ۗ أَإِلَٰهٌ مَعَ اللَّهِ ۚ تَعَالَى اللَّهُ عَمَّا يُشْرِكُونَ Is He [not best] who guides you through the darknesses of the land and sea and who sends the winds as good tidings before His mercy? Is there a deity with Allah ? High is Allah above whatever they associate with Him. - An-Naml: Verse 64 أَمَّنْ يَبْدَأُ الْخَلْقَ ثُمَّ يُعِيدُهُ وَمَنْ يَرْزُقُكُمْ مِنَ السَّمَاءِ وَالْأَرْضِ ۗ أَإِلَٰهٌ مَعَ اللَّهِ ۚ قُلْ هَاتُوا بُرْهَانَكُمْ إِنْ كُنْتُمْ صَادِقِينَ Is He [not best] who begins creation and then repeats it and who provides for you from the heaven and earth? Is there a deity with Allah ? Say, "Produce your proof, if you should be truthful." If anyone apply/consider any of the above things/attributes as taught by Allah, for anyone except HIM then its like he/she has considered or taken that person/thing as an "illah" (deity). Thus he/she has commited shirk (i.e ascribed partners to Allah). Shirk is the only unforgivable sin, see Surah Nisa 48 and 116, except for those who repent, correct way of repentance is in Surah Nahl 119. It is the most important and basic obligation muslims owe to themselves, that to know and understand the meaning of shirk, its seriousness and its different types, so that our Tawheed become firm and complete. CAUTION: Beware of those among both the shias and sunnies who attribute such things to Ahlebait and other pious servants of Allah. Jazak Allah Khairan.
  4. If a married woman has relations with her husband's best friend, she makes arguments that it is OK we are JUST friends, I did not make him my husband. He fulfills my needs whenever I ask him, he takes care of me. And yes, he's very close to my husband, my husband can't refuse his request. The same thing mostly people do with Allah. They say it's OK to supplicate to others, prostrate, making Niyaz/ nazar etc as far as we did not call them God. While Allah clearly says, Surah Al-Baqarah, Verse 186 ٢-١٨٦ ‌وَ‌إِ‌ذَ‌ا‌ سَأَلَكَ عِبَا‌دِي عَ‍‍نّ‍‍ِ‍ي فَإِنّ‍‍ِ‍ي قَ‍‍ر‍ِ‍ي‍‍بٌ ‌أُج‍‍ِ‍ي‍‍بُ ‌دَعْوَةَ ‌ال‍‍دّ‍َ‌اعِ ‌إِ‌ذَ‌ا‌ ‌دَع‍‍َ‍انِ فَلْيَسْتَجِيبُو‌ا‌ لِي ‌وَلْيُؤْمِنُو‌ا‌ بِي لَعَلَّهُمْ يَرْشُد‍ُ‌ونَ “And when My servants ask you, [O Muhammad], concerning Me, indeed I am near. I respond to the invocation of the supplicant when he calls upon Me. So let them respond to Me [by obedience] and believe in Me that they may be [rightly] guided.” Surat Ghāfir (The Forgiver) - سورة غافرAnd your Lord says, "Call upon Me; I will respond to you." Indeed, those who disdain My worship will enter Hell [rendered] contemptible. Prophets (as) supplicated to Allah, other people too, mentioned in Quran. For Allah, fornicator and polytheist are on same level. Surah Noor, verse 3 The fornicator does not marry except a [female] fornicator or polytheist, and none marries her except a fornicator or a polytheist, and that has been made unlawful to the believers.
  5. Tauheed and Capital Introduction Human beings are born with some distinctive traits which are absent in all other species. These distinctive traits not only form the basis of many philosophical debates, but are also of significance in this discussion. Our subject regards the topic of Tauheed (or, literally, the oneness of God). Then, practical relations of the concept of Tauheed to the notion of ‘capital’ are drawn. The concept of capital starts with a humanly trait of gaining more. Very broadly and crudely speaking, this quest for more may be present in the form of a human’s worldly or spiritual gains. In contemporary social terms, this trait of human can be defined as the practical demonstration in the form of the ‘free market economy’. In this economy, the rule of the thumb is to maximise own profits through the procedure of buying least expensively and selling most expensively possible. It forms the basis of the rationale of value and prestige to common man i.e. a man in this world is appreciated a great deal by his fellows as long as he can follow this pattern successfully. The logic present in the current world is the maximization of profits without a set limit for any end. In Marx’s terms, “capital does not abide a limit” (Marx, 1973) Alongside this limitless quest of human to reach the infinity of most profitable outcomes while using everything around him including his own self as a ‘tool’ to attain that objective prevails in the current age, Muslims are seen to recite in every prayer that God is ‘one’. The aim of this paper is to draw a theory that with the desires of attaining a limitless capital, a Muslim’s self-declared concept of Tauheed is challenged. We try to cover a debate of many pages in only a few words; it is inevitable that many concepts might remain ill-explained and incomprehensive conclusions may be drawn by this process of shortening, but we will try our best to capture some realities of the life here. There is no god but Allah Amongst the most commonly quoted words for any Muslim are the words of the Kalma. The literal translation of that oft-quoted phrase is ‘There is no god but Allah’ (Kalma Taiyyaba) One of the most common Surah’s of the Quran, arguably the second most common, opens up as follows: “Say, "He is Allah , [who is] One,”” (Quran Surah Ikhlas, 112:1) Another Surah not as commonly recited opens up as, “Craving for excess diverted you” (Quran Surah Takathur, 102:1) We start off by putting to question the literal meaning of the Kalma Tayyiba itself. When we say there is no god except Allah, is it merely numerical oneness meant by Tauheed? We wish to not debate on the topic that whether even numerical oneness is applicable to Allah or not. Not to mention that when we consider He is the creator of time, space, numbers and even infinity, there is none of these notions that can ‘limit’ Him. But what we want to bring to light is the notion that when we deny all other gods what is it that we really mean. Is it necessary for us to deny all other gods in order to accept Allah to be the ‘One’ and ‘Only’ praiseworthy Entity? Which perspective on this very Kalma is important to us. To use it as what it can be, i.e. the biggest weapon against so many ills including capitalism? Or just to repeat the word merely as a tongue exercise. Verily God is, as the Surah Ikhlas proceeds, indifferent (not indifferent in the sense that he does not care about us, but that he does not need our prayers for any benefit to Him). So all the implications of the concept of Tauheed must have a direct effect on primarily our betterment. It might be assumed at this point that the concept of Tauheed must be something of prime advantage to ourselves, individually and collectively, instead of God. While the positive effects of belief in Oneness of God are promised in Islam, practically speaking, we can be observed not to actively take as much advantages from it. On an average level, all of our lives revolve around the capital. When a child is born in any average Muslim family, his educational needs are met by his parents. The parents feel successful if their children go to schools, universities and colleges that are best known for generating the most capital. One of the most significant determinants of any marriage is the possession of or the ability to attain the most capital by the to-be spouse (commonly the male half). The mental and physical effort that one puts in attainment of his perceived ‘success’ in the form of this holy capital makes a person spend his entire life struggling, obsessing over, and achieving this capital. But it might make him regret in his deathbed that ‘I wish I hadn’t worked so hard’ (Steiner, 2012). This process of starting schooling as soon as the ability allows, completing the educational career without any thoughtful breathers in the middle, being on the quest for the most paying jobs or making the best out of his present business, develops a person’s character in a way that his focus lies in approaching the one and only reality of his life: the capital. It is then sensed, that the capital is in fact the most significant variable that shapes our lives. While describing ‘Capital’, Ali Shariati very aptly calls it ‘the great idol of our age’ (Shar'iati, 1979). The above mentioned idol, however, is only one of the four idols around us. What was mentioned above is only the economic capital. According to Bourdieu (1994), there are three other kinds of capitals that humans engage in accumulating. Second to the economic form of capital, which Bourdieu brings to light, is the ‘social capital’. Human beings become worried about not having enough of social relations. This ends up in us spending most of our time looking for perfect social relations which may or may not be important to our character building. Thirdly, human beings strive to accumulate ‘cultural capital’, to blend into the highest forms of culture. This might include communicating in English to emphasize familiarity with the highest form of global culture (it being the internationally recognized language). Lastly, ‘symbolic capital’ is our way of attaining prestige and honor from the society around us. It essentially means that we want to acquire We struggle to gain as much of capital in the form of respect and glory as we possibly can so much so that we lose touch of our actual worth. All of these mentioned capitals divert a man from his main objective in life. They are powerful enough to prevent deep thinking from occurring. So with the presence of such powerful forces that drives almost everything in our lives, it might be argued that when we actually give up all other deities other than Allah, why the capital attains such a centrality in our lives? Could elevating the level of capital to such a primacy in our practical lives arguably be the modern form of ‘shirk’? Should capital be our main prayer when we are praying to ‘God’ while better life after death a secondary one? Whether it is material or Islam that we let occupy the central position in our lives explains a great deal about whether it is Allah that we are taking as our sole Diety or are we mixing our concept of Tauheed with the capital? All of this confusion is caused very fundamentally by the presence of the concept of ‘duality’ in our lives. Tauheed, as analyzed by Ali Shariati, is a concept which explains that everything moves in a ‘single direction’ and what does not move in that direction by its nature does not exist (Shar'ati, 1979). However the notion of duality is caused by looking at the world with two different views simultaneously. One is earthly while the other heavenly, one is applicable and the other is personal, one relates to action the other only relations to mere beliefs which occupy a lesser part of the practical life. What would exemplify this argument would be a Muslim teenager who spends his time in college and when he is asked what does he ‘believe in’ in terms of his god, he might succeed in saying Allah. But when asked about his main objective in life, he might change his tone to a completely earthly objective. What we see is that although practically his aims and objectives and ‘beliefs’ are different and do not center around the notion of God, his religious belief is God. This presence of duality can also be perfectly exemplified in the case of a non-practicing Christian celebrating Christmas superficially, as merely a cultural occasion that involves no practicality in his real life. This duality paves ways a great deal for manipulators to corrupt, impure and desensitize the strongest powers that any Muslim possesses, those of Tauheed. This process is done by the most used and tested method of all time: inject materialism into a religion and there shall be no ‘religious religion’. The only way to rid this duality is to bridge the gap between the ‘beliefs’ and ‘practicality’ and see it as one. This fundamentally means the internalization of beliefs so much so that they are noticeable in our externality. Conclusion So my argument is that the concept of Tauheed does not merely entail the belief in presence of Allah, the Almighty. It also entails the process of defying any other god that we might hold central to our beings. If by god we mean the entity which is most prior to us, occupies most of our time in practical as well as mental lives and matters the most to us and we place it as our first and foremost obligation while we are existing for an evidently ephemeral time on this earth, then there is no doubt capital has attained a much more elevated position than it deserves. Is saying there is no god but God only applicable if we think of the gods which were worshipped wrongly instead of Allah in the time when Quran was revealed? Consequently for a religion that thrives on its universality in terms of space and time, would the most fundamental concept be limited by time in the sense that only a renouncement of those certain gods would satiate the purpose behind worshipping Allah alone? What we experience in fact, is that this Kalma has lost its power in the contemporary Muslim community, although it is supposed to be perfectly universal. We have taken it for granted that to believe in God’s numerical oneness and not taking any other deities (only those which were present in other religions) instead of Him satiate the necessity of this Kalma to be a Muslim. There are no more idols made of sand or clay to challenge our belief in Allah anymore. It is not the worshipping of those physical idols which were present in the time before Prophet Muhammad (SAWW) initiated the revolution in Arab that are applicable to the challenges faced by Muslims of today. The contemporary idol is the capital, which shapes our behavior, is ‘made’ to exert so much power on us by the portrayal of images on media which depict a practically unattainable status of beauty, power and wealth, prestige and relations which keeps us busy in our entire lives striving to attain those statuses. It is this capital that needs to be removed from its central position given by us, the believers of the One and Only God. It needs to be removed from its primacy of being at a level which ‘diverts us’ (Quran 102:1) from our main purpose of existence. Bibliography George Ritzer, J. S. (2009). Sociological Theory. McGraw Education. Marx, C. (1973). Grundrisse (English Translation). Shar'ati, A. (1979). On the Sociology of Islam. USA: Mizan Press. Shar'iati, A. (1979). Marxism and Other Western Fallacies. Islamic Foundation Press. Steiner, S. (2012). Top five regrets of dying. www.guardian.com. http://www.theguardian.com/lifeandstyle/2012/feb/01/top-five-regrets-of-the-dying
  6. Salaam, I am doing research on the concept of Unity of Existence since few days and this is what i have understood: - Everything is God, i.e. God has given us his powers - All the attributes belong to Him. - Evil is just the distortion of his attributes by us. Recently someone told me that in the concept of Wahdat al Wujud everything is considered as GOD.. I am God, you are God, if you see a dog then he is also God, etc etc... He said Wahdat al Wujud is nothing but Sufiism. Now can someone please explain me in a plain and simple language? [Plz don't provide me links of other discussions because i went through many of them and all are explanations are going above my head]
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