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In the Name of God بسم الله
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ÈÓã Çááå ÇáÑÍãä ÇáÑÍíã Çááåã Õá Úáì ÓíÏäÇ ãÍãÏ æÚáì Âá ÓíÏäÇ ãÍãÏ æÇáÚä ÃÚÏÇÁåã ÃÌãÚíä There have been many doubts raised about the authenticity of Ziyarat `Ashura just because it has a weak isnad. Although this is unimportant in regards to mustahabb a`maal and the like of rewarding acts, I will examine the chains individually and then together (jam`). The first 2 tareeqs are from Ja`far b. Muhammad b. Qooluwayh’s ÑÖí Çááå ÚäåãÇ famous work Kaamil al-Ziyaaraat: 1 - ÍÏóøËäí Íßíã Èä ÏÇæÏ Èä Íßíãº æÛíÑå ¡ Úä ãÍãøÏ Èä ãæÓì ÇáåóãÏÇäíöø ¡ Úä ãÍãøÏ Èä ÎÇáÏ ÇáØøíÇáÓíöø ¡ Úä ÓíÝ Èä ÚóãöíÑÉ º æÕÇáöÍ Èä ÚõÞúÈÉ ÌãíÚÇð ¡ Úä ÚóáÞãÉó Èäö ãÍãøÏ ÇáÍóÖÑãíø 1 – Hukaym b. Dawud b. Hukaym and other than him narrated to me from Muhammad b. Musa al-Hamdani from Muhammad b. Khalid al-Tayaalasi from Sayf b. `Ameera & Salih b. `Uqbah together from `Alqama b. Muhammad al-Hadrami I say: This chain is weak. Muhammad b. Musa al-Hamadani has been weakened by the Qummis due to ghuluw and Ibn al-Walid ÑÖí Çááå Úäå used to say that he is something that fabricated narrations. Salih b. `Uqbah has been called a ghali and a liar by Ibn al-Ghada’iri ÑÖí Çááå Úäå – if one rejects this book then he is majhul. `Alqama al-Hadrami, of the famous Dua `Alqama, is also majhul.Muhammad b. Khalid is majhul; although we can argue for his taqwiy due to external qara’in – it does not strengthen this chain due to the other weak narrator(s). 2 – æ(ßÐÇ) ãÍãøÏ Èä ÅÓãÇÚíá ¡ Úä ÕÇáöÍ Èä ÚõÞúÈÉ ¡ Úä ãÇáß ÇáÌõåäí 2 – And (like that) Muhammad b. Isma`il from Salih b. `Uqbah from Malik b. Juhni I say: This chain is mursal and weak. The connection from Ibn Qooluwayh ÑÍãå Çááå to Muhammad b. Isma`il is unknown and Malik b. Juhni is a majhul `aammi. Salih has already been discussed. So, both chains (more like one and a half chains) from Kaamil al-Ziyaaraat are weak. However, there are 3 more turuq to another transmission of this ziyarah by al-Shaykh al-Tusi ÑÖí Çááå Úäå in al-Misbah: 1 – ãÍãÏ Èä ÇÓãÇÚíá Úä ÕÇáÍ Èä ÚÞÈÉ Úä ÇÈíå Úä ÚáÞãÉ 1 – Muhammad b. Isma`il from Salih b. `Uqbah from his father from `Alqama 2 – ãÍãÏ Èä ÇÓãÇÚíá Úä ÕÇáÍ Èä ÚÞÈÉ æÓíÝ Èä ÚãíÑÉ Úä ÚáÞãÉ 2 – Muhammad b. Isma`il from Salih b. `Uqbah and Sayf b. `Ameera from `Alqama I say: This chain is weak for the same reasons (with the same reasons) as shown earlier, albeit the Tusi’s tareeq to Muhammad b. Isma`il is sahih. 3 – ãÍãÏ Èä ÎÇáÏ ÇáØíÇáÓí Úä ÓíÝ íä ÚãíÑÉ Úä ÕÝæÇä 3 – Muhammad b. Khalid al-Tayaalasi from Sayf b. `Ameera from Safwan I say: This chain is qawwi, rather qawwi kal-hasan, due to Muhammad b. Khalid who is without tawtheeq but with some external evidences pointing to tahseen and narrating sahih narrations. The tareeq of Tusi ÑÍãå Çááå to al-Tayaalasi is mu`tabar unless you completely reject Ahmad b. Muhammad b. Yahya al-`Attar ÑÖí Çááå ÚäåãÇ as majhul. However, al-Saduq ÑÖí Çááå Úäå has narrated from him excessively and given him repeated taraddi and tarahhum. So, there are no chains of Ziyarat `Ashura that are reliable in themselves (mu`tabar li-dthatih). However, if you see the complete transmission of this Ziyarah, you will see its sihha. Please open up the PDF provided in this post and you will see a sahih tareeq from al-Tusi to Abi `Abdillah Úáíå ÇáÓáÇã: ãÍãÏ Èä ÇáÍÓä ÇáØæÓí ÑÖí Çááå Úäå ÈÇÓäÇÏå Çáì ãÍãÏ Èä ÇÓãÇÚíá Úä ÓíÝ íä ÚãíÑÉ Úä ÕÝæÇä Úä ÇÈí ÚÈÏÇááå Úáíå ÇáÓáÇã Muhammad b. al-Hasan al-Tusi, May Allah be pleased with him, by his chain to Muhammad b. Isma`il from Sayf b. `Ameera from Safwan from Abi `Abdillah Úáíå ÇáÓáÇã I say: This tareeq is sahih, the chain is musnad and all rijal are thiqat. Therefore, Ziyarat `Ashura is reliable by corroboration (mu`tabar li-ghayrih) - ãÚÊÈÑ áÛíÑå However, this shows us that the most reliable copy of this ziyarah is as it is found in al-Misbah, rather than Kaamil, which is without the 100x repeated la`n and tasleem. Perhaps this was lost in transmission or was interpolation by Muhammad b. Musa al-Hamdani; Allah knows best. *I do not mean to say to not recite the 100x pieces, I am only saying that that part of the ziyarah is less proven than the rest. However, it's matn is mu`tabar without doubt. æÇááå ÃÚáã Ýí ÇãÇä Çááå Note: Green in the PDF indicates a reliable narrator, blue an unknown narrator, and red indicates a weak narrator. The blue arrow shows connection while the red arrow is (likely) irsal ÔÌÑÉ ØÑÞ ÒíÇÑÉ ÚÇÔæÑÇÁ.pdf
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