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1. All things equal, a perfect God sends the best guides (Premise) 2. The best guides are those who show us how best to live (Premise) 3. We ought to live without sin (Premise) Argument for (3): Even if we only ever commit 1 sin, we become blameworthy (hence the need to repent) We ought to never act in a way that makes us blameworthy Therefore we ought to never commit even 1 sin. 4. The best guides show us how to live without sin (from 2 and 3) 5. The best way these guides can show us how to live, is through example (Premise) 6. Therefore the best guides are sinless (from 4 and 5) 7. Therefore, all things equal, a perfect God sends sinless guides (Conclusion, from 1 and 6)
Salamum alaikum all, I wanted get some perspective on what the Shi'i position is on imams or prophets making minor mistakes? I have heard many prominent lecturers state Imams make NO minor mistakes and therefore do not accept hadith of the Prophet (AS) praying an incorrect number of rakaats. To me this seems a form of ghuluww (exaggeration) and this is echoed by the hadith attributed to Imam Ridha (AS) below. It also agrees with common sense if you think about it, the only one who makes no mistakes is God indeed. Of course sins are a different matter, we know Imams (AS) are free of "rijs" and therefore do not commit minor or major sins - we are talking about minor human mistakes here and whether they form part of Isma (infallibility). It seems to be some of the ghuluww elements are still with us more than we would like to admit. In a hadith narrated by Imam Ridha (AS) in Uyun Akhbar by Sheikh Sadooq. If you have a copy of the English translation it is book 2 page 454: On the authority of Abi Salt al Harawi that he told Al Reza "O son of the Prophet of God! There are people in the vicinity of Kufa who think that the Prophet (S) never made any mistakes when saying his prayers". The Imam (AS) said: "May God damn them! They lie. The only One who makes no mistakes is God - the One and Only" Sheikh Sadooq further says "I have recorded whatever has been narrated on the subjects of boasters and those who believe in turning over the affairs in the book Ibtal al-Ghuluw wal Tafweedh". Thanks
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