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Ghadir: Key Teachings from the Last Sermon of the Prophet - Maulana Syed Muhammad Rizvi | Friday Juma Khutba June 30th, 2023 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tQRGB_joUUU - 'Idul Ghadir is celebrated after 'Idul Adhaa and is significant in the faith and history as it links the institution of nubuwwat and imamat. - Ghadir was the Prophet's last formal sermon and the largest gathering he addressed. - The sermon discussed various teachings and values of Islam, including the sanctity of a Muslim's life, prohibition of interest, ending tribal strife, changing sacred months for political agendas, Shayṭān's influence, women's rights, brotherhood of the ummah, equality among believers, and the importance of inheritance laws were also emphasized. - The main message of Ghadir was the issue of succession, appointing 'Ali as the mawla, the master, the guide, and the Imam. - The Prophet highlighted the sanctity of a Muslim's life and honor and criticized the lack of respect for life among Muslims. - Trustworthiness and the sanctity of others' property were emphasized, reflecting the character of the Prophet and 'Ali. - Women's rights were addressed, emphasizing mutual rights and the responsibility to fear displeasing Allah. - The message of equality among believers, similar to the message of Hajj, was highlighted. - Holding on to the thaqalayn (the Book of Allah and the Prophet's family) was emphasized as a means to avoid going astray. - The statement "Allah's Book and my family" is found in three of the six major sources of Sunni hadith and is considered mutawātir, narrated by 120 companions. - The statement "Allah's Book and my sunnat" is not found in the ṣiḥāḥ sittah and is considered unauthentic.
(bismillah) (salam) THE FOLLOWING HADEETHS ARE ONLY SAHEEH SUNNI HADEETHS Ghadir Khumm The Messenger of Allah declared: "It seems the time approached when I shall be called away (by Allah) and I shall answer that call. I am leaving for you two precious things and if you adhere both of them, you will never go astray after me. They are the Book of Allah and my progeny, that is my Ahlul-Bayt. The two shall never separate from each other until they come to me by the Pool (of Paradise)." Then the Messenger of Allah continued: "Do I not have more right over the believers than what they have over themselves?”People cried and answered: "Yes, O’ Messenger of God.”Then Prophet (S) held up the hand of ‘Ali and said: "Whoever I am his leader (Mawla), ‘Ali is his leader (Mawla). O’ God, love those who love him, and be hostile to those who are hostile to him." Some of the Sunni references (there are hundreds): (1) Sahih Tirmidhi, v2, p298, v5, p63 (2) Sunan Ibn Maja, v1, pp 12,43 (3) Khasa’is, by al-Nisa’i, pp 4,21 (4) al-Mustadrak, by al-Hakim, v2, p129, v3, pp 109-110,116,371 (5) Musnad Ahmad Ibn Hanbal, v1, pp 84,118,119,152,330, v4, pp 281,368,370, 372,378, v5, pp 35,347,358,361,366,419 (from 40 chains of narrators) (6) Fada’il al-Sahaba, by Ahmad Hanbal, v2, pp 563,572 (7) Majma’ al-Zawa’id, by al-Haythami, v9, p103 (from several transmitters) (8) Tafsir al-Kabir, by Fakhr al-Razi, v12, pp 49-50 (9) Tafsir al-Durr al-Manthur, by al-Hafiz Jalaluddin al-Suyuti, v3, p19 (10) Tarikh al-Khulafa, by al-Suyuti, pp 169,173 (11) al-Bidayah wal-Nihayah, by Ibn Kathir, v3, p213, v5, p208 (12) Usdul Ghabah, by Ibn Athir, v4, p114 (13) Mushkil al-Athar, by al-Tahawi, v2, pp 307-308 (14) Habib al-Siyar, by Mir Khand, v1, part 3, p144 (15) Sawaiq al-Muhriqah, by Ibn Hajar al-Haythami, p26 (16) al-Isabah, by Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani, v2, p509; v1, part1, p319, v2, part1, p57, v3, part1, p29, v4, part 1, pp 14,16,143 (17) Tabarani, who narrated from companions such as Ibn Umar, Malik Ibn al-Hawirath, Habashi Ibn Junadah, Jari, Sa’d Ibn Abi Waqqas, Anas Ibn Malik, Ibn Abbas, Amarah,Buraydah,... (18) Tarikh, by al-Khatib Baghdadi, v8, p290 (19) Hilyatul Awliya’, by al-Hafiz Abu Nu’aym, v4, p23, v5, pp26-27 (20) al-Istiab, by Ibn Abd al-Barr, Chapter of word "ayn”(‘Ali), v2, p462 (21) Kanzul Ummal, by al-Muttaqi al-Hindi, v6, pp 154,397 (22) al-Mirqat, v5, p568 (23) al-Riyad al-Nadirah, by al-Muhib al-Tabari, v2, p172 (24) Dhaka’ir al-Uqba, by al-Muhib al-Tabari, p68 (25) Faydh al-Qadir, by al-Manawi, v6, p217 (26) Yanabi’ al-Mawaddah, by al-Qudoozi al-Hanafi, p297 ... and hundreds more LIE NO.1: 'Hadith is not Mutawatir': The Tradition of Ghadir is narrated in parallel (mutawatir) and is proven by the Sunnis to be from numerous chain of transmitters: 1. Ahmad Ibn Hanbal narrated it from 40 chains; 2. Ibn Jarir al-Tabari in more than 70 chains; 3. Abu Sa’id al-Sijistani from 120 chains; 4. Abu Bakir al-Jaabi from 125 chains; 5. al-Amir Muhammad al-Yamani (2nd century) had 150 chains; 6. al-Dhahabi has written a complete book on its chains and passed a verdict that it is Mutawatir; why do you accept the lies of your sheikhs when one of your best hadith scholars of all time wrote a whole book on it saying it is mutawatir? 7. Abul Abbas Ibn `Uqdah has narrated it through 150 chains. LIE NO.2: Mawla means friend: Countless scholars of Qur’an, Arabic grammar, and literature have said the word mawla is, in this context, 'awla' which means "having most authority." The following Sunni specialists all confirmed the above meaning: 1. al-Wahidi (d. 468), in "al-Wasit" 2. al-Akhfash Nahwi (d. 215), in "Nihayat al-Uqul" 3. al-Tha’labi (d. 427), in "al-Kashf wal Bayan" 4. Ibn Qutaybah (d. 276), in "al-Qurtayan", v2, p164 5. al-Kalbi (d. 146, quoted in "Tafsir al-Kabir", by al-Razi, v29, p227) 6. al-Farra’ (as quoted in "Ruhul Ma’ani", by al-Alusi, v27, p178) 7. al-Nasafi (d. 701), in his "Tafsir", v4, p229 8. al-Tabari (d. 310), in "Tafsir al-Tabari", v9, p117 9. al-Bukhari (d. 215), in "Sahih al-Bukhari", v7, p271 10. al-Zamakhshari (d. 538), in "Tafsir al-Kashshaf", v2, p435 11. Qazi Nasiruddin al-Baydawi (d. 692), in "tafsir al-Baydawi", v2, p497 12. al-Khazin al-Baghdadi (d. 741), in his "Tafsir", v4, p229 13. Muhib al-Din al-Afandi, in "Tanzil al-Ayat" 14. Mu’ammar Ibn Muthanna al-Basri (as quoted in "Sharh al-Mawaqif", by al-Sharif al-Jurjani, v3, p271) 15. Abul Abbas Tha’lab (as quoted in "Sharh al-Sab’ah al-Mu’allaqah", by al-Zuzani) 16. Ibn Abbas, in his "Tafsir”written on the margin of Durr al-Manthur, v5, p355 17. Abu al-Saud al-Hanafi (d. 972), in his "Tafsir" 18. and many more such as Yahya Ibn Zaid Kufi (d. 207), Abu Ubaida Basri (d. 210), Abu Zaid Ibn Aus Basri (d. 125), Abu Bakr Anbari (d. 328), Abul Hasan Rummani (d. 384), Sa’d al-Din Taftazani (d. 791), Shaba Uddin Khafaji (d. 1069), Hamzawi Maliki (d. 1303), Husayn Ibn Mas’d (d. 510), Abu Baqa Ukbari (d. 616), Ibn Hajar al-Haythmai (d. 974), Sharif Jurjani (d. 618), Abdul Abbas Mubarrad (d. 285), Abu Nasr Farabi (d. 393) and, Abu Zakariya Khateeb Tarizi (d. 502),... Only a couple try and cover it up and say it means friend, and you accept their lies. LIE NO. 3: Not many people were present so it can't have been that important Narrated by Zaid Ibn Arqam: Abu al-Tufail said: "I heard it from the Messenger of Allah, and there was no one there (out of the 120,000 people on the pilgrimage) unless he saw him with his eyes and heard him with his ears." Sunni reference: (1) al-Khasa’is, by al-Nisa’i, p21; (2) al-Dhahabi said it is sahih (authentic), as said in: (3) History of Ibn Kathir (sahih) , v5, p208 "The Messenger of Allah called at the height of his voice." Sunni reference: Manaqib al-Khawarizmi, by al-Khawarizmi, p94 "There were with the Messenger (S) from the companions, Arabs, residents around Mecca and Medina one hundred and twenty thousand and they are those who were present in the Farewell Pilgrimage and heard this speech." Sunni reference: Manaqib, by Ibn al-Jawzi. LIE NO. 4: 'there was no oath of allegiance' After his speech, the Messenger of Allah asked every body to give the oath of allegiance to ‘Ali (as) and congratulate him. Among those who gave him the oath were Umar, Abu Bakr, and Uthman.It is narrated that Umar and Abu Bakr said:"Well done Ali Ibn Abi Talib! Today you became the leader of all believing men and women." Sunni references: (1) Musnad Ahmad Ibn Hanbal, v4, p281 (2) Tafsir al-Kabir, by Fakhr al-Razi, v12, pp 49-50 (3) Mishkat al-Masabih, by al-Khatib al-Tabrizi, p557 (4) Habib al-Siyar, by Mir Khand, v1, part3, p144 (5) Kitabul Wilayah, by Ibn Jarir al-Tabari (6) al-Musannaf, by Ibn Abi Shaybah (7) al-Musnad, by Abu Ya’ala (8) Hadith al-Wilayah, by Ahmad Ibn `Uqdah (9) Tarikh, by Khatib al-Baghdadi, v8, pp 290,596 from Abu Hurayra ... and more. Brothers from Ahlul Sunnah, the conclusion for absolutely everyone is clear, the hadith is mutawatir, the Prophet (pbuh) appointed Ali (as) first in authority, there were at least 100,000 people gathered to listen to the announcement, and many of the companions pledged an oath of allegiance.
(salam) I found this beautiful admission by the Ahl al-Sunnah on what really happened at Ghadeer Khumm: “According to the elders of our family, namely Mawlana Ghulam ‘Ali Qadiri, in his Mishkaat an-Nabuwat, the Prophet’s declaring Hadrat ‘Ali as the Master (Mawla) of all Believers was the statement which identified Hadrat ‘Ali as the possessor of the Khilafat i-Akbar (Major Khilafah). Hadrat ‘Ali was appointed by Rasulullah (S) as a Khalifa, while Hadrat Abu Bakr was appointed by Hadrat Umar as a Khalifa. While both Khilafahs are valid, they are not the same”. http://ahmedamiruddi...-the-shaykhayn/ Does any Sunnee here think these people made a mistake? If yes, what are your reasons? Thanks.
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