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Miqdād b. ʿAmr (Arabic: مقداد بن عمرو), known as Miqdad b. al-Aswad (Arabic: مقداد بن الأسود), · A Noble companion of the Prophet (s), and one of the first Shi'as of Imam Ali (a) · Miqdad converted to Islam early after Bi'that and was one of the first people who revealed his conversion to Islam. He attended all battles in the early years of Islam · Miqdad, Salman al-Farsi, 'Ammar b. Yasir, and Abu Dhar are referred to as the first Shi'as (followers) of Imam Ali (a); they were known as Shi'as even in the period of the Prophet (s). · After the demise of the Prophet (s), Miqdad supported Imam Ali's (a) immediate succession of the Prophet (s), and did not pledge his allegiance to Abu Bakr b. Abi Quhafa · He was one of the few people who were present at the funeral of Fatima al-Zahra (a). · Miqdad is praised in hadiths from Ahl al-Bayt (a) in which he is said to return in Raj'a after the Reappearance of Imam al-Mahdi (a). He transmitted hadiths from the Prophet (s). · Several titles like al-Bahra'i, al-Bahrawi, al-Kindi, and al-Hadhrami and kunays such as Abu Ma'bad, Abu Sa'id, and Abu l-Aswad are reported for him Family Wife: Miqdad's wife was Duba'a, the Prophet's (s) cousin and Zubayr b. 'Abd al-Muttalib's daughter. The Prophet (s) married Duba'a to Miqdad although he considered her as having a great prestige and lineage. Children: Miqdad had two children called 'Abd Allah and Karima. 'Abd Allah was a supporter of Aisha in the Battle of Jamal, fought against Imam Ali (a), and was killed in that battle Immigration Miqdad emigrated two times: once to Abyssinia among the third group of Muslim immigrants, and once again to Medina. (he joined Muslims in 1 AH/623 in Shawwal in the Sariyya of Abu 'Ubayda) Presence in Battles Miqdad attended all the battles of the Prophet (s) Supporting the Succession of Imam Ali (a) After the demise of the Prophet (s) and the selection of Abu Bakr b. Abi Quhafa as the caliph and successor of the Prophet (s), a few Muslims stayed loyal to Ali (a) and did not pledge their allegiance to Abu Bakr, including Salman, Abu Dhar, and Miqdad. Miqdad was not present in the Event of Saqifa. According to some sources, he was a member of Shurtat al-Khamis. (Shurṭat al-Khamīs (Arabic: شرطة الخمیس) was a group of devoted fighters at the time of Imam 'Ali (a) who had dedicated their lives to support that Imam (a)). http://en.wikishia.net/view/Shurtat_al-Khamis On different occasions, Miqdad reminded Abu Bakr and his companions of the issues of Imam Ali's (a) succession of the Prophet (s) and took actions to clarify the matter. Here are some examples of Miqdad's activities in defense of Ali's (a) right to the caliphate: 1. When people pledged their allegiance to Abu Bakr, a group of Muhajirun and Ansar, including Miqdad, refused to pledge their allegiance to him and joined Ali b. Abi Talib (a). 2. Forty men went to Imam Ali (a) and said: "we are ready to defend and support you." The Imam (a) told them: "if you are steadfast in your pledge, then shave your heads and come back to me tomorrow." The next day it was only Salman, Miqdad, and Abu Dhar who had shaved their heads and gone to Imam Ali (a). 3. In the story of the Six-Member Council for the selection of the caliph after 'Umar b. al-Khattab, 'Abd al-Rahman b. 'Awf told Ali (a): "I will pledge my allegiance to you if you follow the Book of God [i.e. the Qur'an], the Prophet's (s) tradition, and the practice of Abu Bakr" but Ali (a) accepted only the first two conditions. Miqdad objected to 'Abd al-Rahman: "I swear to God, you have left Ali (a) who adjudicated on the basis of truth and justice". He went on: "I saw no household so oppressed as Ahl al-Bayt (a) after the demise of the Prophet (s)". Miqdad opposed 'Uthman b. 'Affan's caliphate. He expressed his opposition by delivering a speech in the Mosque of Medina. Miqdad in the Heaven: According to a hadith from Anas b. Malik, one day the Prophet (s) said: "the Heaven aspires to four of my people. When Ali (a) asked him about those people, the Prophet said: "I swear to God that you are the first of those people. The rest are Miqdad, Salman, and Abu Dhar." Also in an exegesis of the Quranic verse, "Surely (as for) those who believe and do good deeds, their place of entertainment shall be the gardens of paradise" (Sura al-Kahf: 107), Imam al-Sadiq (a) said: "this verse was revealed about Abu Dhar, Miqdad, Salman, and 'Ammar".[ Acting upon al-Mawadda Verse: Imam al-Sadiq said about al-Mawadda Verse ("I ask of you no wage except the love of near relatives"): "I swear to God that nobody acted upon the verse except seven people, including Miqdad." Miqdad's Raj'a: According to some hadiths, Miqdad will return to the world after the Reappearance of Imam al-Mahdi (a) and will be a companion and commander of the Imam's (a) government." Death and Burial Place Late in his life, Miqdad resided in "Jurf" (an area one parasang away from Medina towards Syira), and died in 33/654 at the age of 70. The Muslims took his corpse to Medina. Uthman b. 'Affan said the Funeral Prayer for him, and he was buried in al-Baqi' cemetery http://en.wikishia.net/view/Miqdad_b._'Amr
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