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وَلَا تَقْفُ مَا لَيْسَ لَكَ بِهِ عِلْمٌ ۚ إِنَّ السَّمْعَ وَالْبَصَرَ وَالْفُؤَادَ كُلُّ أُولَٰئِكَ كَانَ عَنْهُ مَسْئُولًا [ISRA-36] And do not pursue that of which you have no knowledge. Indeed, the hearing, the sight and the heart - about all those [one] will be questioned. حَدَّثَنَا عَلِيُّ بْنُ الْجَعْدِ، قَالَ أَخْبَرَنَا شُعْبَةُ، قَالَ أَخْبَرَنِي مَنْصُورٌ، قَالَ سَمِعْتُ رِبْعِيَّ بْنَ حِرَاشٍ، يَقُولُ سَمِعْتُ عَلِيًّا، يَقُولُ قَالَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم" لاَ تَكْذِبُوا عَلَىَّ، فَإِنَّهُ مَنْ كَذَبَ عَلَىَّ فَلْيَلِجِ النَّارَ " Narrated Ali: The Prophet (ﷺ) said, "Do not tell a lie against me for whoever tells a lie against me (intentionally) then he will surely enter the Hell-fire." Bukhari #106, Muslim #1 The basis or foundation of most of the twelver shia beliefs including Ghadir, Saqifa, Imamat or Khilafat, Fadak, Attack on Sayeda, Compilation of Quran and many more, is only one book, namely Book of Sulaym Bin Qais (2BH-76AH) https://www.hubeali.com/kitab-e-sulaym/. Which is the first compilation of ideological historical narrations of twelver shias. Before this book such concepts were not present anywhere in the way as they are described and interpreted in the book. They all were written/scripted in secrecy. And according to its sole narrator, witness and care taker Abban Bin Abi Ayash Feroz, this book was given to him by Sulaym before his death. Then Abban showed this book to some other people including the famous Umar bin Uzaina. All prominent shia scholars including Kulayni, Sadooq, Toosi, Numani, Majlisi etc etc etc had narrated from this book narrations concerning alomost all their core beliefs and collected other reports making the Book of Sulaym their nucleus and basis. In every era majority of shia scholars made this book their foundation for all major beliefs and propagated the book and its concepts to the people of their time. This is the book that made them “RAWAFIDH”, i.e enemies and haters of many true companions of Prophet s.a.w.w which are highly praised by Prophet s.a.w.w in many authentic and mutawatir ahadith. Ibn Abi Zaynab al-Nu’mani (d. 360AH) has said regarding the book of Sulaym bin Qais: “There is no conflict among the entire Shiites who were learned and who transmitted (Shiite learning) from the Imams, that the book of Sulaym bin Qais al-Hilali, is one of the fundamental and oldest source books reported by scholars and transmitters of the traditions of Ahl al-Bayt. It was one of the most important reference books the Shiites refer to and depend on”. [Al-Ghabah by Shaikh Numani, Died 360AH] https://www.al-islam.org/kitab-al-ghayba-book-occultation-sheikh-an-numani/preface-verifier#about-author AUTHENTICITY OF BOOK OF SULAYM BIN QAIS (2BH-76AH) WHICH IS THE FIRST COMPILATION OF IDEOLOGICAL HISTORICAL NARRATIONS OF TWELVER SHIAS. About Sulaym Bin Qais whatever information is available comes from Abban bin abi Ayash, the sole narrator and the witness of the book. While Abban himself is an extremely weak narrator. And it is one of those lucky persons about which there is consensus b/w both shia and sunni rijal scholars that he is weak and liar. But twelver shias have accepted from this weak/liar narrator not just few narrations but an entire book, which is sadly the foundation of all their major core beliefs. Status of Abban bin Abi Ayash Feroz in Shia Rijal. ZAEEF (WEAK) AND KAZAB (LIAR). And there is ijma among shia rijal scholars about his weakness and on being his fabricator, teller of untruths. 1. Rijal Al-Khoi No.22 , Abban bin Abi Ayash is weak according to Shaikh Toosi and Ibn Ghadairi. 2. See Rijal Tusi 3. See Rijal Ibn Gadairi Other shia rijal books, confirming the same. 4. See Rijal Ibn Dawud 5. See Jami‘ Al-Ruwat 6. See Al-Mufid min Mujam Rijal Al-Hadith 7. See Mustadrakat Ilm Al-Rijal Abban bin Abi Ayyash in Sunni Rijal is also WEAK (ZAEEF), LIAR (KAZAB) http://www.al-milani.com/library/lib-pg.php?booid=4&mid=3&pgid=186 https://ar.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D8%A3%D8%A8%D8%A7%D9%86_%D8%A8%D9%86_%D8%A3%D8%A8%D9%8A_%D8%B9%D9%8A%D8%A7%D8%B4 REMINDER يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا كُونُوا قَوَّامِينَ بِالْقِسْطِ شُهَدَاءَ لِلَّهِ وَلَوْ عَلَىٰ أَنْفُسِكُمْ أَوِ الْوَالِدَيْنِ وَالْأَقْرَبِينَ ۚ إِنْ يَكُنْ غَنِيًّا أَوْ فَقِيرًا فَاللَّهُ أَوْلَىٰ بِهِمَا ۖ فَلَا تَتَّبِعُوا الْهَوَىٰ أَنْ تَعْدِلُوا ۚ وَإِنْ تَلْوُوا أَوْ تُعْرِضُوا فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ كَانَ بِمَا تَعْمَلُونَ خَبِيرًا O you who have believed, be persistently standing firm in justice, witnesses for Allah , even if it be against yourselves or parents and relatives. Whether one is rich or poor, Allah is more worthy of both. So follow not [personal] inclination, lest you not be just. And if you distort [your testimony] or refuse [to give it], then indeed Allah is ever, with what you do, Acquainted. Surah Nisa – 135 يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا كُونُوا قَوَّامِينَ لِلَّهِ شُهَدَاءَ بِالْقِسْطِ ۖ وَلَا يَجْرِمَنَّكُمْ شَنَآنُ قَوْمٍ عَلَىٰ أَلَّا تَعْدِلُوا ۚ اعْدِلُوا هُوَ أَقْرَبُ لِلتَّقْوَىٰ ۖ وَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ خَبِيرٌ بِمَا تَعْمَلُونَ O you who have believed, be persistently standing firm for Allah , witnesses in justice, and do not let the hatred of a people prevent you from being just. Be just; that is nearer to righteousness. And fear Allah ; indeed, Allah is Acquainted with what you do. Surah Maida - 8
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