In the Name of God بسم الله
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***** Al-’Abbas in Arabic Referring to the linguistic meaning of the Arabic al-’Abbas, Ibn-Manzhour5 in his al-Ayn, writes down: Al-’Abbas - the lion that other lions fear and escape6 https://www.al-islam.org/al-abbas-badr-shahin/birth-and-early-life#al-’abbas-arabic Epithets Epithet is a word or phrase that expresses a quality or attribute which is considered to be a characteristic of the person or thing mentioned.1 Epithets then reflect one’s characteristics, whether good or bad. To al-’Abbas a number of lofty epithets expressing his kind mentality and high moral standards have been ascribed: https://www.al-islam.org/al-abbas-badr-shahin/epithets#bab-ul-husayn Al-’Abbas in the Imams’ Sight https://www.al-islam.org/al-abbas-badr-shahin/al-abbas-imams-sight ***** Hamil ul-Liwaa The holding of standards in wars is the most significant position in armies. Standards are given exclusively to the soldiers who enjoy special military abilities. During the battle of at-Taff, the standard was in the hand of Abu’l-Fadhl al-’Abbas who preserved and held it from the beginning of the tragic journey from Medina to up until the last spark of his life. Al-’Abbas protected that standard so bravely and uniquely that he embraced it to his chest when his two hands were severed. In more than one situation, al-’Abbas asked his brother Imam al-Husayn for permission for fighting, but the Imam used to say to him, “You are the standard-bearer of my army. If you are martyred, my troops will separate”. It is also well known that standard-bearers are chosen according to special qualifications: The standard-bearer must be accepted by everybody and must bear qualities such as courage, chivalry, and honor. The standard-bearers must also exert all efforts to keep the standard high. For this reason, al-’Abbas exerted unique efforts for keeping the standard high. When his right hand was severed, he held the standard in the left. And when this one was also severed, he embraced the standard to his chest and held onto it until the last breath of his life. Historians have also recorded that when the Umayyad army raided at the camp of Imam al-Husayn after his martyrdom - they robbed everything including the standard borne by al-’Abbas. In Syria, when Yazid’s sight fell on that standard, he was amazed. He noticed that it was completely stabbed at all places except at the place of its handle, where it was held. He asked about the bearer of that standard and was told that it was al-’Abbas ibn ‘Ali. Astonished by the courage of al-’Abbas, Yazid turned his face to the attendants and said: “Look at this standard! It is stabbed in every place except its handle. This clearly means that its bearer was so courageous and chivalrous that he faced all stabs and strokes without letting that standard fall from his hand. This is the true loyalty to a brother!!” Hence, al-’Abbas was called ‘Hamil ul-Liwaa’, the standard- bearer. https://www.al-islam.org/al-abbas-badr-shahin/epithets#hamil-ul-liwaa In the special ziyara of al-’Abbas that Abu-Hamza ath-Themali narrated, Imam as-Sadiq (a) says: “Salaam be upon you, the righteous servant!”
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