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In the Name of God بسم الله
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Dear Reader! plz let me know if there is any mistake in my topic>> i really need your help before i publish it in the library of the shrine of Imam Hussain AS. thanx 8 Important questions about Satan May Allah curse him By: Sheikh Ali Alfatlawi First question: What are the power limits of Satan on human? The answer: Satan has no power more than decking, seducing, evil whispering, and inciting; means he doesn’t force human to sin, nor prevent him to choose his action. This has been stated by Quran verses and the following traditions: 1. A verse referring to inciting; to incite people against each others as stated in His the Almighty saying: (And definitely in case an incitement from Ash-Shaytan (the all-vicious (one), i.e., the Devil) ever incites you, then seek refuge in Allah; surely He is Ever-Hearing, Ever-Knowing..) (Quran, 7:200) 2. A verse referring to show the evil ugly deeds lovable to them, then human imagine it as a benefit and he get trapped by it as stated in His the Almighty saying: (And [remember] when Satan made their deeds pleasing to them and said, "No one can overcome you today from among the people, and indeed, I am your protector " Then as soon as the two communities sighted each other, he retreated on his heels and said, "Surely I am quit of you; surely I see what you do not see; surely I fear Allah; and Allah is strict in punishment.") (8:48) 3. A verse referring to evil whispering and its impacts as stated in His the Almighty saying: (Who whispers into the hearts of men) (Quran, 114:5) 4. A verse referring to seducing as stated in His the Almighty saying: (the Satan has made it a light matter to them; and He gives them respite.) Second question: what are the methods used by Satan to pull the leg of human to do sins and disbelief? The answer: The methods are many! The commander of the faithful AS 3 attractions which are taking place of the origin of the sin which human fall into and do disobedience to Almighty Allah "There are three types of charms: the love of women, which Satan uses as his sword; drinking wine, which Satan uses as his snare; and love of the dinar and the dirham [symbols of wealth], which Satan uses as his arrow.’ (Kanz Alomal: 30883/ Mizan Alhekma: Vol5, Page 191, No. 9376) Third question: What is the answer to he who put the blame on Satan when he sins? The answer: to blame Satan is an escape from responsibility, and lack of recognition of dereliction for what mentioned earlier because Satan do nothing but decking and whispering without compulsion to do the action as Satan distancing himself from the bad deeds of human and put the blame on him as stated in the Almighty saying: (And the Satan shall say after the affair is decided: Surely Allah promised you the promise of truth, and I gave you promises, then failed to keep them to you, and I had no authority over you, except that I called you and you obeyed me, therefore do not blame me but blame yourselves: I cannot be your aider (now) nor can you be my aiders; surely I disbelieved in your associating me with Allah before; surely it is the unjust that shall have the painful punishment.) (Quran, 14:22) The commander of the faithful answered those who curse Satan who pulls their legs to sins by saying: "don’t curse Satan on public while you are his friend on secret" (Sharh Nahj Alblagha by Ibn Alhadid: Vol 20, Page: 329, No. 767) Fourth question: What is the answer to he who says that his Satan won over him and trapped him in sins? The answer: this is the justification indicates an escape from taking responsibilities and pushing the blames away from once-self as Satan has no authorities on the strong faithful for two reasons: A. the weakness of the satanic strategies as stated in the Mighty saying (Those who believe fight in the way of Allah, and those who disbelieve fight in the way of the Satan. Fight therefore against the friends of the Satan; surely the strategy of the Satan is weak.) (Quran, 4: 76) B. the strong faithful is the one who fight Satan and wins but in the other hand he who show weakness in front of Satan and surrender to him, is not counted with the strong faithful and (the strong faithful is better than the weak faithful) thus Imam Al-Kathem AS advising us in his well to Hisham " You should begin with the nearest to you, the most inimical, the most harmful, the most aggressive, and the most hidden despite his closeness to you. It is Iblis who is instigating your enemies against you and the source of the hearts' ill inspirations. You should regard him as the most antagonistic enemy and you should be more tolerant in striving him than he is as he is trying to lead you to perdition. He is surely less supported than you are and less harmful despite his great evil, provided that you cling to Allah so as to be guided to a straight path. (Tuhaf-Aloqol: Page 399-400/ Mizan Alhekma: Vol 5, Page 1925: No. 9387, Page 1920: No. 9370.) Fifth question: Why Allah Allowed Satan to spoil his servants? The answer: We know that life is an examination and test world and to achieve reward and punishment there must be attraction to make the faithful attracted towards them, in order to make him deserve one of the two; the reward or the punishment, and this is the divine justice accurately, as stated in the Mighty saying (And in no way did he have any all-binding authority over them, except that We would know him who believed in the Hereafter from him who was in doubt thereof. And your Lord is Ever-Preserving over everything.) (Quran, 34:21) Sixth Question: What is the best way to get rid of Satan's seduce? The answer: It is clear to every sane one that to resort to the Almighty Allah, to hold hard his laws, seek refuge with him are the best defense against the accursed Satan, as stated in the Mighty saying (And say, "My Lord, I seek refuge in You from the incitements of the devils, And I seek refuge in You, my Lord, lest they be present with me.") (Quran, 23:97, 98) Also His The Almighty saying (So when you recite the Quran, seek refuge with Allah from the accursed Shaitan) (Quran, 16:98) His The Almighty saying (But when she delivered her, she said, "My Lord, I have delivered a female." And Allah was most knowing of what she delivered, "And the male is not like the female. And I have named her Mary, and I seek refuge for her in You and [for] her descendants from Satan, the expelled [from the mercy of Allah].) (Quran, 3: 36) His The Almighty saying (And if an evil suggestion comes to you from Satan, then seek refuge in Allah. Indeed, He is Hearing and Knowing.) (Quran, 7:200) This was confirmed by the commander of the faithful when he said: I praise Allah and seek His help from (what led to the) punishment of Satan and his deceitful acts, and (I seek His) protection from Satan's traps and waylaying. (Nahj Albalagha, Sermon 151) Seventh Question: Who could survive from Iblis (Satan)? The answer: No one saved except the servants whose fear The Almighty Allah and worship him as if they could see him, as stated in the Mighty saying (Indeed, there is for him no authority over those who have believed and rely upon their Lord.) (Quran, 16:99), and in His the Almighty saying (Indeed, My servants - no authority will you have over them, except those who follow you of the deviators.) (Quran, 15:42) This is the act of worships which the one who want to survive from Iblis, to be characterized with. Imam Al-Sadiq AS explained that when he said "The damned Satan says that there are five types of people which he cannot deceive, but he has full control over others. The first type consists of those who sincerely take refuge in God and rely on Him in all their affairs. The second type consists of those who say the praises of their Lord often in daytime and at night. The third type is those who like for their believing brothers whatever they like for themselves. The fourth type consists of those who do not lose their calmness at times of calamities. The fifth type are those who are content with what God has given them and do not grieve about their share of daily bread." (Alkhisal: Page 285, No. 37/Mizan Alhekma: Vol 5, Page 1928, No. 9401) Imam al-Baqer AS referred to the importance to fear Allah seriously when he said "Beware of Iblis by truthful fear" (Bihar Al Anwar: Vol 78, Page: 164, No.1./ Mizan Alhekma: Vol5, Page: 1925, No. 9402) There is an easy way that a faithful bondman can fallow to be saved from the evil of Iblis which referred to in the Commander of the faithful saying "'Increase in your supplication and you will be secure from Satan's force.’(Bihar al-Anwar, Vol 78, Page: 9, No.64/ Mizan Alhekma: Vol5, Page: 1928, No.9403) Eighth Question: If Iblis doesn’t have authorities over those who believe as stated in the noble verse (Indeed, there is for him no authority over those who have believed and rely upon their Lord.) then how could we explain the suffering of some faithful to the harm of Iblis? The answer: The authority of Iblis is confined on the material side of human without the spiritual side, in other word; his faith and religion are protected by the Almighty Glorious Allah, and this was stated by Imam Al Sadiq AS when he said: "By Allah! He is authorized of the faithful over his body and not authorized on his religion. He was authorized on Ayub AS, he distorted his appearance and wasn’t allowed on his religion." (Alkafi: Vol 8, Page: 288, No.433/ Mizan Alhekma: Vol 5, Page: 1929, No.9405)
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