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MUAWVIA AND DRINKING WINE while quoting a surprising historical event, some of great Sunni historians have quoted drinking wine habit of Muawiyah in this way that: Abdul-Rahman ibn Suhayl Ansari was the commander of war at the time of Uthman’s caliphate and Muawiyah’s ruling over Damascus. That time a caravan caring wine for Muawiyah passed him. He took his lance and attacked camels, slaves who were protectors of caravan resisted and Muawiyah was informed of it. Muawiyah ordered that: “relinquish resistance to Abdul-Rahman, because he is unwise”. Abdul-Rahman answered that: “it is not true, I swear to Allah that I am not unwise, but the reason of my attack is that the Prophet (s.a.w) prohibited us from drinking wine. I swear to Allah that if I be alive and see that painful event that the Prophet (s.a.w) has predicted about Muawiyah, I will open his stomach or I will be martyred in this way”. Ahmad ibn Hanbal quotes from Abdullah ibn Baridah in his “Musnad” that he said: “my father and I went to Muawiyah, after eating food, servants brought wine, Muawiyah drank and offered my father. He said that: “I have not drink wine yet, since the Prophet (s.a.w.) prohibited it”.  - Asd al- Ghabah, vol. 3, p. 299; Ibn Hajar, al- Isabah, vol. 2, p. 401; Tahzib al- Tahzib, vol. 6, p. 192.  - Musnad Ahmad, vol. 5, p. 347 and vol. 6, p. 476, tradition no. 22432.  - Shafi'i Shahrudi, A comprehensive selection of Al- Ghadir, p. 977.
(salam) Followers of Muawvia are blind like Sonodar. it is written in “Muruj al- Zahab” that: “a Kufic person came to Damascus on his camel, while returning from Siffin (Battle of Siffin); one of men of Damascus claimed that this “Naqih” (female camel) was his and it has been taken from him in Siffin. They went to Muawiyah to solve the problem, the Damascene man called fifty men to witness that this “Naqih” is his, so, Muawiyah considered him to be rightful and ordered to Kufic man to give the camel to the Damascene man, Kufic man said to Muawiyah that: “sorry but, this camel is male, not a female one”. Muawiyah said that: “but it has been adjudicated”, and he played tricks on him. When Damascene men went, Muawiyah called Kufic man to come and asked the price of his camel and paid him double that amount, Muawiyah treated him kindly and told him that: “tell Ali (a.s.) that I has begun a war against you with one thousand hundred men who do not know the difference between male and female camel”. They were so obedient to Muawiyah that while leaving for Siffin, they said the Friday Prayer with him on Wednesday without raising any objection to his act. They sacrificed their heads for Muawiyah and held him in high esteem, and accepted saying of Amr A’s that: “Ali is the killer of Ammar ibn Yasir, because he has brought Ammar along to support him”, and were so obedient to Muawiyah that they cursed Ali as a tradition according to Muawiyah’s order, and follows it from childhood to the death”. This story clearly shows the status of faith and understanding of Muawiyah’s followers.  - Muruj al- Zahab, vol. 2, p. 72 and vol. 3, p. 42.  - Shafi'i Shahrudi, A comprehensive selection of Al- Ghadir, p. 983.
MUAWVIA AND USURY Nisai, Malik ibn Anas and others have quoted from Ata’ ibn Yasar that he said: “Muawiyah sold a vessel full of gold or Dirham in exchange for more than its weight”. Abu Dorda told him that: “I heard from the Prophet (s.a.w.) who prohibited this act, it should be sold in exchange for its same weight”. Muawiyah said: “I do not find any fault with it”. Abu Dorda said: "ãä íÚÐÑäí ãä ãÚÇæíÉ¿ ÇäÇ ÇÎÈÑå Úä ÑÓæá Çááå (Õáí Çááå Úáíå æ Âáå) æ åæ íÎÈÑäí Úä ÑÇíå¡ áÇ ÇÓÇ˜ä˜ ÈÇÑÖ ÇäÊ ÈåÇ" “Who can account for this act of Muawiyah? I tell him the opinion of the Prophet (s.a.w.) and he tells me his opinion! I won’t stay in the area that you are”. Then he came to Medina and went to Umar ibn Khattab and told him the story. Umar wrote to Muawiyah that: "áÇ ÊÈÚ Ðá˜ ÇáÇ ãËáÇ ÈãËá¡ æÒäÇ ÈæÒä" “Just exchange it for the good of the same kind and the same weight (without any increasing)”. Bayhaqi and others also have quoted from Hakim ibn Jabir from Ibadah ibn Samit that he said: “I heard from the Prophet (s.a.w.) who said that: “silver should be exchanged for the good of the same kind and the same weight, gold should be exchanged for the good of the same kind and the same weight, until he mentioned salt and said: salt should be exchanged for the good of the same kind and the same weight”. Muawiyah said that: "Çä åÐÇ áÇ íÞæá ÔíÆÇ". “His speech in not a good one and he speaks nonsense”. Ibadah said that: “Allah is my witness that I heard it from the Prophet (s.a.w.) myself”. Nisai writes in “al- Sunan al- Kubra” that Ibadah said: "Çäí æ Çááå ãÇ ÇÈÇáí Çä áÇ Ç˜æä ÈÇÑÖ í˜æä ÈåÇ ãÚÇæíÉ". “I swear to Allah that it is not important to me that I do not live where Muawiyah is”. Ibn Asakir has said that: “Ibadah said: "Çäí æ Çááå ãÇ ÇÈÇáí Çä Ç˜æä ÈÇÑÖ˜ã åÐå" “I swear to Allah that it is not important to me that I do not live in your area”. It is necessary to be mentioned that prohibition of usury and this matter that it is from major sins, is an essential part of pure Islam and it is proved by Quran, tradition of the Prophet (s.a.w.) and general agreement of scholars.  - Muwatta`, vol. 2, p. 59 and vol. 2, p. 634, tradition no. 33; al- Sunan al- Kubra, Nisai, vol. 7, p. 279 and vol. 4, p. 30, tradition no. 6164.  - Musnad Ahmad, vol. 5, p. 319 and vol. 6, p. 436, tradition no. 22217; al- Sunan al- Kubra, Nisai, vol. 7, p. 277 and vol. 4, p. 29, tradition no. 6159; Tarikh Medina Damascus, vol. 7, p. 206 and vol. 26, p. 176, no. 3071; AND in Mukhtasar of history of Damscus, vol. 11, p. 302.  - Shafi'i Shahrudi, A comprehensive selection of Al- Ghadir, p. 979.
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