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In the Name of God بسم الله
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Sallam Alaikum, The hazri of Hazrat Abbas is a mainstay in Shia communities, however I would like to find out the history behind this (just so that I know). When did it start? What is the history behind it? Who was the first person/group that recited this? I found this on YouTube and am wondering if there are any others out there of higher quality -- image/video not required (won't add the URL as it embeds the video but you can add this to the end of the URL /watch?v=NcrIX7JmiRU). I remember hearing from the mimbar that the sufro of Imam Jaffer Sadiq (AS) is something that we as Shias have "always done" but that there was no religious edict to perform this -- however we do. I did come across this story - https://sadiqdamani.wordpress.com/sufro-imam-jaffer-sadiq-as-story/ - and remember being told this from a young age. I do not dispute or doubt these tenents but would like to learn more about them. Any information you can provide is appreciated.
A blog about Azadari, Muharram Rituals in Indian Sub-Continent, Muharram Heritage, Taziadari, Forgotten Azadars, Shair-E-Ahlebait, Imambaras, Shrines dedicated to Maula Ali, Bibi Fatima, Imam Hasan and Hussain, Hazrat Abbas, Hazrat Zainab, Karbala, Martyrs of Karbala, Marsiyakhwans, Imam- e- Zamana, Dargahs, Nauhakhwans, Soz, Salam Marsiya, Sufism and history of Sufi Shrines with special focus on Madari Sufi Order, Its founder Zinda Shah Madar, Ascetic warriors and Wandering mystics and Malangs. http://muharramheritage.blogspot.in
[Hazrat Abu-ul-Fazal Abbas (a.s) Asalamoalaka ya Gahzi Abbas a.s Name - Ali , Abbas Title - Abbas Kunyat - Abu-ul-Fazal Born - 4th of Shabaan 26th A.H. , at Medina Father's Name - Imam Ali Murtaza (a.s) Mother's Name - Ummul Baneen Died - At the age of 35 years, at Karbala , on Friday 10th Muharrum 61 A.H. Shaheed at the war of Karbala. Buried - at Karbala, Iraq. HAZRAT ABBAS (a.s) Hazrat Ali married Fatimah Binti Huzaam Ibne Khalid in 24 Hijrah. Fatimah gave birth to Hazrat Abbas on the 4th Shabaan, 26th Hijrah. In 27th Hijrah Ja'far was born and in 29th Hijrah Uthmaan was born. Abdullah was born in 32nd Hijrah. Because she had four sons Fatima Binti Huzaam was known as Ummul Baneen. Ummul Baneen, from the very first day she entered Hazrat Ali's house, treated the children of Bibi Fatimah with utmost respect. She brought up her own sons to look upon Imaam Hassan, Imaam Hussain, Bibi Zainab and Bibi Kulthoom, not as brothers and sisters but as masters and mistresses. Imaam Hussain was very attached to Hazrat Abbas. When Hazrat Abbas was born, Hazrat Ali asked Imaam Hussain to recite the adhaan and the iqamah in the ears of the child. When he was on the arms of Imaam Hussain, the infant smiled and raised his arms. There were tears in Imaam Hussain's eyes. Was it because he knew that the child was trying to say: "O Mawla I have come and will happily give these my arms and my life for you and Islam" ? In early childhood Hazrat Abbas would follow Imaam Hussain like a shadow. If Imaam Hussain looked thirsty, Abbas would rush to bring him water. If Imaam Hussain seemed hot, Abbas would fan him with the hem of his cloak. At the battle of Siffeen in the 34th Hijrah, Abbas was only eight years old. Imaam Hussain was fighting in the battle field. When Hazrat Abbas saw an enemy soldier approaching Imaam Hussain from behind, he took a sword and rushed into the battle field and killed the enemy, at the same time crying out in a loud voice, "How can any one dare attack my Mawla while I am alive." He continued to fight maintaining his position behind Imaam Hussain. Muawiya saw this and asked, "Who is that boy?" When he was told he was Abbas ibne Ali, he said, "By God! No one can fight like that at that age except a son of Ali!" Hazrat Abbas grew up to be a tall and handsome man. He was so tall, that when he sat on a horse his feet touched the ground. He was so handsome that he was known as Qamar-e-Bani Hashim, the Moon of the family of Hashim. Hazrat Abbas was also a valiant warrior. It was said that Muawiya did not dare invade Madina because of five men who were with Imaam Hussain and could, together with their Imaam, conquer a whole army. These were Muhammad Hanafia, a brother of Imaam Hussain, Hazrat Muslim ibne Aqeel, Abdullah Ibne Jaffer, Hazrat Abbas and Hazrat Ali ibnal Hussain, our fourth Imaam, Zainul 'Abideen. When Imaam Hussain decided to leave Madina in the month of Rajab 60 Hijrah, he did not encourage Muhammad Hanafia and Abdullah Ibne Jaffer to accompany him. He wanted to make sure that no one at the time or in the future would suggest that Hussain wanted to fight for the khilafah. Just before Imaam Hussain left Madina, Ummul Baneen summoned all her four sons and said to them, My sons you must remember that while I love you, Imaam Hussain is your Master. If Imaam or his sisters or his children get injured or hurt while you are still alive, I will never forgive you. There were tears in Hazrat Abbas's eyes as he promised his mother that he and his brothers would lay down their lives for Imaam Hussain and his children. The caravan reached Kerbala on 2nd Muharram. From the day the sad news of Hazrat Muslim's murder had reached the caravan of Imaam Hussain, Hazrat Abbas and his brothers increased their vigilance to protect Imaam and the others. Hazrat Abbas was very popular with the children of Imaam Hussain especially Sakina who was only four years old. Whenever the children wanted anything they would cry out "Ya Abbas!" or "Ya Ammahu!", and Abbas would go running. But from the seventh of Muharram Abbas was unable to respond to their cries for water. Then came the day of Ashura, after Zuhr prayers one by one the brave companions of Imaam Hussain fell in the battle field. At last only Imaam Hussain, Ali Akber and Hazrat Abbas were left. Imaam Zainul 'Abideen lay sick in his tent. Several times Hazrat Abbas asked Imaam Hussain for permission to go and fight. Each time Imaam Hussain would reply "Abbas, you are the captain of my army, you are my 'alamdaar - the standard bearer". Hazrat Abbas would never argue with Imaam Hussain. His three brothers were killed in the battle fought after Zuhr. Imaam Hussain could see the anger in Hazrat Abbas's eyes, especially when Hazrat Qasim's body was trampled upon by the enemy. Imaam Hussain knew that if he let Abbas go and fight, there would be a massacre in the enemy rank. Imaam Hussain's object was to re-awaken Islam and not to score a victory on the battle field. Just then Bibi Sakina came out holding a dried up mask. She walked up to Hazrat Abbas and said "AL ATASH, YA AMMAHU! I am thirsty O my uncle Abbas !" Abbas went to Imaam Hussain and requested for permission to go and get water for Sakina. Imaam Hussain gave his permission. Abbas put Sakina's mashk on the 'alam, mounted his horse and rode up to Imaam Hussain. He said "I have come to say goodbye". Imaam Hussain said "My brother, come and embrace me". Hazrat Abbas dismounted his horse. There were tears in Imaam's eyes. As Hazrat Abbas prepared to mount his horse, Imaam Hussain said, "My brother, I want a gift from you. I want your sword". Hazrat Abbas, without uttering a word, gave Imaam Hussain his sword and rode into the battlefield, armed only with a spear and holding the 'alam. There were 30,000 enemy soldiers in the battlefield. They had all heard of the valour of Hazrat Abbas. A cry arose, "Abbas is coming!" Yazeed's soldiers started hiding behind one another. A few brave ones dared go near Hazrat Abbas but were soon put to death by the spear or by a kick. Hazrat Abbas reached the river Furaat. He filled the mashk with water. He himself was very thirsty. He took the water in his palms, looked at it and threw it away saying, "O water of Furaat, my lips can welcome you only after Sakina has quenched her thirst !?" He placed the mashk on his 'alam and started to ride back. Umar Sa'ad cried out, "Do not let that water reach Hussain's camp, otherwise we shall all be doomed!" A soldier climbed a tree and as Abbas was riding past the tree he struck his sword on the right shoulder The spear and the arm fell on to the ground. Just then someone crept behind Hazrat Abbas and struck him on the left shoulder. The 'alam fell. Hazrat Abbas gripped the mashk with his teeth. His one object was to get the water to Sakina. Fighting with his feet he urged the horse to get him to Imaam's camp as quickly as possible. Alas ! an arrow was shot. It went flying across the desert and hit the mashk. The water began to pour out and with the water all the hopes of Hazrat Abbas poured on to the sands of Kerbala to be buried forever in the thirsty desert. Abbas now did not want to go back and face Sakina. With his feet, he signalled the horse to turn back. The enemy surrounded him from all sides. Abbas fell from the horse!! As he fell, he cried out "My salaams to you Ya Mawla!" Imaam Hussain seemed to lose all his strength when he heard the voice of his dear brother Abbas. When Hazrat Abbas left to go to fetch water, Imaam stood at the gate of the camp watching the 'alam. Sakina was standing next to Imaam Hussain, also with her eyes fixed on the 'alam. When Abbas reached the river bank and bent down to fill the mashk, the 'alam disappeared from sight. Sakina was frightened and looked at her father. Imaam said, 'Sakina, your uncle Abbas is at the river bank'. Sakina smiled and said, 'Alhamdulillah !' and called out all the children to welcome Abbas. When Hazrat Abbas lost both arms, the 'alam fell onto the ground. Sakina could see it no longer! She looked at Imaam Hussain, but he turned his face away. Sakina began to tremble with fear and her eyes filled with tears. She raised her hands and prayed, 'Ya Allah! Do not let them kill my uncle Abbas! I will never ask for water again!' and ran inside to her mother. Imaam Hussain reached where Hazrat Abbas was lying. It was a tragic sight. Hazrat Abbas was lying on the ground. Both arms had been severed! There was an arrow in the right eye and blood blocked the left eye. As soon as Hazrat Abbas sensed the presence of Imaam Hussain he said "Mawla, why did you take the trouble to come over? Please go back and look after Sakina." Imaam Hussain said, "My dear brother, all your life you have served me and my children. Is there anything I can do for you at this last moment of you life ?" Hazrat Abbas replied, "Aqaa, please, clean the blood from my eye so that I can see your beloved face before I die!" Imaam cleaned the blood. Abbas fixed his gaze on Imaam. Then he said, "Mawla please do not carry my body to the camp. I do not wish Sakina to see me in this state!" Imaam Hussain took Hazrat Abbas in his arms, and kissed his forehead. Just then our Mawla, our Mushkil Kushaa, Abbas ibne Ali breathed his last. Imaam Hussain placed Sakina's mashk on the 'alam and carried the 'alam to the camp. He went to Bibi Zainab's tent. Imaam Hussain could not say a word. He gave the 'alam to Bibi Zainab and sat down on the floor! The brother sister performed aza-e-Abbas. Abbas b. Ali (A.S.) Abbas -- the Flag Bearer of Hussain (A.S.)AbbasAbbas Hazarat Abbas (as), The Standard Bearer of Imam Hussain
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