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This is an on-going project to translate the whole Introductory part of Ma'rifat al-Hadith by Shaykh Muhammad Baqir al-Bahbudi (of Sahih al-Kafi fame). This is a very good primer on the Sciences of Hadith - having a unique approach and arrangement. It is hoped that the novel methodology and views of the author will become clear as the translation proceeds. The Arabic book used in the translation can be downloaded here: https://archive.org/download/almoamltv_gmail_20140210/%D9%85%D8%B9%D8%B1%D9%81%D8%A9%20%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%AD%D8%AF%D9%8A%D8%AB.pdf Any and all questions arising from this are welcome. The History of Hadith and its Scholarship And Only a Few of My Slaves are Grateful <<All mankind were a single community; then Allah sent the Prophets as bearers of good news and warnings, and sent down with them the Book in truth, so that it may judge between the people concerning that about which they differed, and none differed in it except those who had been given it, after the manifest proofs had come to them, out of envy among themselves. So Allah guided those who had faith to the truth of what they differed in, by His will, and Allah guides whomever He wishes to the straight path>> . In spite of the words of Allah <<And do not be like those who became divided and differed after manifest proofs had come to them, for such there will be a great punishment>> - the Islamic community differed after its prophet despite what was in their hands of the manifest proofs and guidance, out of envy among themselves, and returned back on their tracks, fighting each other, what ruled over them was their opinions and their desires, and they have not ceased being divided, except the one upon whom the Lord has had mercy, and for this did He create them, and the words of your Lord have been fulfilled - 'I will fill Hell up with the Jinn and the men - both' After Guidance had Become Manifest to Them Muslim narrates in his Sahih Vol. 4 Pg. 1873 by his chain to Zayd b. al-Arqam who said: the messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم stood in our midst one day to speak - by the waters (pond) known as Khumm between Makka and Madina - so he praised Allah, and extolled his greatness, and counselled, and reminded, then he said: After this (introduction), O people, I am merely a mortal, it is feared that the messenger of my Lord (i.e. the angel of death) may come (to me) and I respond (to his call), I am leaving in your midst two weighty things, the first of them is the book of Allah, in it is guidance and light, so take by the book of Allah, and hold on to it, then he said: and the people of my house, I remind you of Allah about (your obligations to) the people of my house. And Ahmad b. Hanbal narrated in his Musnad Vol. 3 Pg. 14, he said: Narrated to us Aswad b. Amir reported to us Abu Israil from Atiyya from Abi Said who said: the messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم said: I leave in your midst two weighty things, one of them is greater than the other, the book of Allah, a stretched rope between the heaven and earth, and my descendants - the people of my house, for they will never separate until they return to me at the pond. Out of Envy Among Themselves And the messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم said in his speech on the day of Nahr [sacrifice] in his farewell pilgrimage: <<... and do not oppress one another, and do not revert after me to being disbelievers, some of you striking the backs of others (in oppression), I have left in your midst that by which you will never be misguided - the book of Allah ...>> And Ahmad b. Hanbal narrated in his Musnad Vol. 2 Pg. 104, he said: narrated to us Muhammad b. Ja'far narrated to us Shu'ba from Waqid from Muhammad b. Zayd that he heard his father narrating from Abdallah b. Umar from the prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم - that he said in the farewell pilgrimage: <<Woe upon you! do not revert after me to being disbelievers, some of you striking the backs of others' Have You Turned Back on Your Heels? Muslim narrated in his Sahih Vol. 4 Pg. 2194 from Ibn Abbas who said: the messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم stood in our midst to speak - aiming to give a counsel, so he said: <<O people, you will be raised to Allah barefooted, naked and uncircumcised <<As We have initiated the creation so will We renew it, a promise on Us, verily We are the doers (capable of it)>>, surely, the first of all creation to be cloaked (with clothes) on the day of Judgement will be Ibrahim. Surely, some of the men of my community will be brought forth - so they will be taken towards the left hand-side, so I will say: O Lord - my companions! so it will be said: you do not know what they innovated after you, so I will say as the righteous servant: <<And I was a witness over them as long as I was with them, so when you caused me to die - you were the One who was a watcher over them, and you are a witness over all things, if you punish them then they are your slaves, and if you forgive them then you are the strong the wise>>, he said: so it was said to me: they did not cease turning back on their heels (re-tracing their foot steps back-wards) since you left them' And Do Not Corrupt the Land After its Reconciliation In Sahih al-Kafi no. 4354 from Muhammad b. Muslim from Abi Ja'far عليه السلام about the words of Allah <<corruption has appeared in the land and the sea - due to what the hands of men have wrought>> he said: that is by Allah when the Ansar said: from us will be a ruler and from you a ruler! (i.e. at Saqifa) There is Nothing after Truth except Misguidance Abu Amr al-Kashshi narrated - based on what is present in the selection of his Rijal (i.e. by al-Tusi) Pg. 7 - from the book of al-Ayyashi Muhammad b. Mas'ud who said: narrated to me Ali b. al-Hasan b. Fadhal narrated to me al-Abbas b. Amir and Ja'far b. Muhammad b. Hakiym from Aban b. Uthman from al-Harith b. Mughira al-Nasri who said: I heard Abd al-Malik b. A'yan asking Aba Abdillah عليه السلام - so he did not cease asking him (the same question - due to his amazement at it) - until he said to him (out of exasperation): so the people were destroyed then (after the messenger of Allah)? so he said: yes, by Allah, O the son of A'yan, all the people were destroyed, I (Abd al-Malik) said: whomever was in the east and the west? he said: it (the whole earth) was opened up to misguidance, yes, by Allah, they were all destroyed, except three, then joined Abu Sa'san, and Ammara, and Shatira and Abu Umara, so they became seven. All the People Returned Back except Three? Abu Amr al-Kashshi narrated in his Rijal Pg. 7 from the book of al-Naysaburi Muhammad b. Ismail Bandafar who said: narrated to me al-Fadhl b. Shadhan from Ibn Abi Umayr from Ibrahim b. Abd al-Hamid from Abi Basir who said: I said to Abi Abdillah عليه السلام: all the people returned back (apostatized) except three - Abu Dhar and Salman and Miqdad? so Abu Abdillah عليه السلام said: so whereat is Abu Sasan and Abu Umara al-Ansari (in your list)? True Selflessness And in Sahih al-Kafi no. 4407 from Abi Ja'far عليه السلام who said: the people - when they did what they did, that is pledge allegiance to Abu Bakr, nothing prevented Amir al-Mu'minin عليه السلام to call to himself (seek support as a rival to them), except looking at (the condition of) the people, and fearing for them, that they will return back on Islam (apostatize), and begin worshiping the idols (anew), and they will not testify that there is no god but Allah, and that Muhammad is the messenger of Allah, so it was more preferable to him to agree to what they had done over them leaving Islam totally ... (until the end of) the Hadith. Back to the Age of Ignorance And in Sahih al-Kafi no. 4408 from Abd al-Rahim al-Qasiyr who said: I said to Abi Ja'far عليه السلام: the people are astonished when we say: the people as a whole turned back (apostatized), so he said: O Abd al-Rahim, the people reverted - after the messenger of Allah was taken - to being the people of Jahiliyya (Ignorance), the Ansar withdrew (from Abu Bakr) but they did not withdraw for something good (i.e. to favor the rightful person – rather it was to feed their tribal inclinations), they began pledging the allegiance to Sa'd while chanting the chants of Jahiliyya: 'O Sa'd, you are - the hoped in (our hope to reach the objectives), and your hair is - the finely styled, and your competitor (challenger) is - the pelted upon (repelled by stones)' And Ibn Abi al-Hadid narrated in his commentary on the Nahj, Vol. 2 Pg. 3, published in Lebanon, from the book of Saqifa by Abi Bakr Ahmad b. Abd al-Aziz al-Jawhari, and in it - it is recorded that - Ma'n b. Adi said to Umar b. al-Khattab, this grouping from the Ansar have gathered in the Saqifa of Bani Saida and with them is Sa'd b. Ubada - they revolve around him and say: 'you are - the inspirer of hope, and your scion (son) is - the inspirer of hope'. And they Drunk in their Hearts the Love of the Calf And in Sahih al-Kafi no. 4409 from Abi Ja'far عليه السلام who said: the people became after the messenger of Allah unto the likeness of those who followed Harun and those who followed the calf ... (until the end of) the Hadith. The Mighty Ones (Leaders) of Bani Hashim? In Sahih al-Kafi no. 4380 from Sadir who said: we were with Abu Ja'far عليه السلام - so we recalled what the people had done after their prophet, and their subjugation of Amir al-Mu'minin عليه السلام, so a man from the group (present) said: may Allah set aright your affairs, where were the leaders of Banu Hashim? and what was their number (how many were they?) so Abu Ja'far عليه السلام said: and who was left of the Bani Hashim? verily it was Hamza and Ja'far, and they had both passed on, and were left with him two weak and insignificant individuals, new comers to Islam, Abbas and Aqil, and they were from the freed slaves (after the conquest of Makka). And al-Kashshi mentioned in his Rijal Pg. 6 quoting from the book of Hisham from Abi Khalid al-Kabuli from Abu Ja'far عليه السلام who said: Ali b. Abi Talib عليه السلام was among you in Iraq, fighting his enemies, and with him were his companions, and there was not within them fifty men who recognized him with the true recognition (as he should be recognized), and his true recognition is acknowledging his Imamah. to be continued ... Footnotes  Surat Baqara, Vs. 213.  Surat Al Imran, Vs. 105.  Refer to Sunan al-Tirmidhi, Vol. 5, pg. 328, published in Madina; Mustadrak al-Hakim, Vol. 3, Pg. 148; Tabaqat Ibn Sa’d, Vol. 2, Pg. 194, published in Egypt, and, Vol. 2, Part 2, Pg. 2, published in Leiden.  Maghazi al-Waqidi, Vol. 3, Pg, 1113.  Refer to Sahih Muslim, Vol. 1, Pg. 81, and, Vol. 3, pg. 1307; Tabaqat Ibn Sa’d, Vol. 2, Part 1, Pg. 132, Sahih al-Bukhari, The Book of Knowledge, Hadith No. 43.  Surat al-Anbiya, Vs. 104.  Surat al-Maida, Vs. 117 and 118.  Refer to Sahih al-Bukhari, Tafsir Surat al-Anbiya, Hadith Nos. 2, 5 and 14; Sahih Muslim, Kitab al-Tahara, Hadith No. 37, Kitab al-Salat, Hadith No. 53, Kitab al-Fadhail, Hadith No. 29; Sunan al-Tirmidhi, Kitab al-Qiyama, Chapter No. 3, Tafsir Surat al-Anbiya, Hadith No. 4; Sunan al-Nisai, Kitab al-Iftitah, Hadith No. 21; Sunan Ibn Majah, Kitab al-Manasik, Chapter Nos. 40 and 76.  Surat al-Rum, Vs. 41.
بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم السلام عليكم ورحمة الله وبركته I was hoping someone might have information relating to Shaykh Mohammad Baqir Bahbudi and his life. From what I know at this moment, he was a Mohaqqiq, he had written a book called Saheeh al-Kaafi in which he only put a few thousand narrations, and he had also inspected some of Bihaar al-Anwaar. On top of that people say his Minhaaj is inconstant, so we ignore his gradings. After that I'm clueless of him. I was hoping someone can provide some of the following information: A biography if there is any Criticisms of his Minhaaj Statements of scholars on him That would be much appreciated. والسلام عليكم ورحمة الله وبركته **Edit: I places this thread in the Qur`aan, Hadeeth, and Du`a forum, since he was a Mohaqqiq of Hadeeth
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