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  1. https://www.quora.com/When-converting-to-Islam-how-did-you-choose-between-Shia-and-Sunni-Islam/answer/Majed-Jamaleddine/comment/15503190?__snids__=1496838197&__nsrc__=1&__filter__=all From Ahmad bin Muhammad bin Isa, from Al-Husain bin Saeed, from Muhammad bin Abi Umair, from Abi Ayub Ibrahim bin Usman Al-Khazaz, from Aban bin Taghlub who said: “I was in the presence of Abi Abdillah (Imam asSadiq), when a man from Yemen came up to Him.The Imam said to him, “O Yemeni brother, are there scholars among you?”He said, “Yes”.The Imam said, “What do your scholars achieve from their knowledge?”He said, “He travels in one night the travel distance of two months of the flight of the bird and the effects would remain.”Abi Abdillah said, “The scholar from Medina [referring to himself] is more knowledgeable then your scholars.”He said, “What does the scholar of Medina achieve from his knowledge?”The Imam said, ” He travels in one hour of the day, the travel distance of a year’s travel of the sun, to the extent that he cuts through twelve thousand worlds the like of this world of yours whose inhabitants are not aware that Allah created Adam (as) or Iblees”.He said, “They recognise You?”The Imam said, “Yes. There is no obligation upon them except for Our Wilayah and the keeping away from Our enemies.”[Source: Basaair Al-Darajaat, Vol. 8, Chapter. 12, Hadees. 15]-All narrators are trustworthy. Hadees is Saheeh.-There are more narrations with the same meaning, hence making the Matn “Tawattur” (frequently narrated)Muhammad bin Abdullah Al-Razi Al-Jaamoorani, from Ismail bin Moosa from his father, from his grandfather, from Abd Al-Samad bin Ali who said :A man came up to Ali bin Husain (as). Ali bin Husain (as) said to him, “Who are you?”.The man said, “I am an astrologer.” The Imam said, “So you are a fortune-teller.” He then looked at him and then said, “Shall I show you a man who since the time you have come to us, moved through 14 worlds, with each world being 3 times bigger than this world, without having moved from his place?”The man said, “Who is He?”The Imam said, “it is I, and if I wish, I can inform you what you ate and what you have stored in your house.”[Source: Basaair Al-Darajaat, Vol. 8, Chapter. 12, Hadees. 13]Imam Jafar Sadiq narrates:“We have been given the knowledge of the beginning and the end.”A person from the Imams (as) companions said: “May I be your ransom. Do you have Knowledge of the unseen (Ilm e Ghaib)?”Imam(as) replied:”Woe unto you. I know what is in the loins of men and womb of women. Woe unto you all. Open us your heart and see with your eyes and accept with your hearts. We are the proof of Allah in his creations. And none can accept this except all those believers whos hearts are as strong as the mount of Tahama and by the will of Allah.”[Source: Bihar Al Anwar Vol.26]And so on and so forth. I am sure you would know many more than I know.Edit: Just got sent this video. Do you guys really believe this stuff? Which Muslim does?https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=... I was arguing with a sunni and he presented these arguments, can a shia please refute these and see where I went wrong with my arguments
  2. Indeed, Allah chose Adam and Noah and the family of Abraham and the family of 'Imran over the worlds - How is this verse alluding to the family of muhammad. Also can one explain what Anwar Qazwini was trying to say in this lecture
  3. Imam Jafar Sadiq narrates: “We have been given the knowledge of the beginning and the end.” A person from the Imams (as) companions said: “May I be your ransom. Do you have Knowledge of the unseen (Ilm e Ghaib)?” Imam(as) replied:”Woe unto you. I know what is in the loins of men and womb of women. Woe unto you all. Open us your heart and see with your eyes and accept with your hearts. We are the proof of Allah in his creations. And none can accept this except all those believers whos hearts are as strong as the mount of Tahama and by the will of Allah.” [Source: Bihar Al Anwar Vol.26] Muhammad bin Abdullah Al-Razi Al-Jaamoorani, from Ismail bin Moosa from his father, from his grandfather, from Abd Al-Samad bin Ali who said : A man came up to Ali bin Husain (as). Ali bin Husain (as) said to him, “Who are you?”. The man said, “I am an astrologer.” The Imam said, “So you are a fortune-teller.” He then looked at him and then said, “Shall I show you a man who since the time you have come to us, moved through 14 worlds, with each world being 3 times bigger than this world, without having moved from his place?” The man said, “Who is He?” The Imam said, “It is I, and if I wish, I can inform you what you ate and what you have stored in your house.” [Source: Basaair Al-Darajaat, Vol. 8, Chapter. 12, Hadees. 13] “I was in the presence of Abi Abdillah (Imam asSadiq), when a man from Yemen came up to Him. The Imam said to him, “O Yemeni brother, are there scholars among you?” He said, “Yes”. The Imam said, “What do your scholars achieve from their knowledge?” He said, “He travels in one night the travel distance of two months of the flight of the bird and the effects would remain.” Abi Abdillah said, “The scholar from Medina [referring to himself] is more knowledgeable then your scholars.” He said, “What does the scholar of Medina achieve from his knowledge?” The Imam said, ” He travels in one hour of the day, the travel distance of a year’s travel of the sun, to the extent that he cuts through twelve thousand worlds the like of this world of yours whose inhabitants are not aware that Allah created Adam (as) or Iblees”. He said, “They recognise You?” The Imam said, “Yes. There is no obligation upon them except for Our Wilayah and the keeping away from Our enemies.” [Source: Basaair Al-Darajaat, Vol. 8, Chapter. 12, Hadees. 15] -All narrators are trustworthy. Hadees is Saheeh. -There are more narrations with the same meaning, hence making the Matn “Tawattur” (frequently narrated)
  4. Salaam Alaykum, Bismillahir Rahmaanir Raheem I had a muslim Shia' convert ask me this question and I don't know how true this is: Those who love to wear imitation jewelry should understand that Rasulullah (S) has strictly prohibited use of it for both, man as well as woman. When he saw a ring of steel in the hand of a Muslim he warned: it is an ornament of the people of the hell. Listen! From you I have found signs and smell of Zoroastrians. That person removed his metallic ring and wore a ring of gold. Rasulullah(S) warned that your finger is in the Hell as long as this ring remains on your finger. Learned writer of "Daem al Islam", Syedna Qazi al Nauman has mentioned that afterwards that person questioned; should I not wear a ring? He (S) guided: [10] "You can wear a ring made of silver, which should not exceed one Misq'al". "Daem al Islam", Syedna Qazi al Nauman, vol. II, Qahera; also quoted by Tirmizi, Abu Dawood & Nisai According to Shi'a ahadith and fiqh, are we permitted to wear imitation jewellery? Thank you so much in advance,
  5. Salam Alaikom, here this topic is about angels and to gather mainly material about angels for all of us to benefit from islamic sources. Have you ever thought why so little of speech in our communities about angels, are we not maybe, part angelic and part animal like, and maybe from spiritual realm perspective we are like this. Gathering of information is by this priority: From the Holy Quran Ahadith of Ahl al-Bait Peace upon Them What our Maraje say based on aql and naql of course Any speech from a scholar in your community, this includes your virtual community also, try to find one speech lo. Any books in any language is also welcome, on this topic both from Maraje and high scholars and other researches that is Muslims.
  6. A Sunni Hadith, (tirmidhi) stated that Jibril: "When pharaoh was drowning, I threw dirt in his mouth so he could not ask Allah (swt) for forgiveness. For if he had repented, Allah (swt) would have forgave him." To what extent is this Hadith true or backed up by our Shia sect? And if it is true, can someone please explain it to me as it contradicts a few things.
  7. Assalamu Alaykum I'd like to discuss the appearance of the Mahdi; but at the same time I'll try to keep it simple. I am sure you are all familiar with the hadith which says: سيملاء الارض عدلا و قصطا كما ملئت ضلما و جورة (He will fill the world with good just like it was filled with evil) Excuse my Arabic, I'm pretty sure I spelt something wrong.. And then we have another hadith which I've forgotten verbatim, but it was about the Sufyani, Khorasani and Yamani. Now my question is, if the Mahdi appears when there are two armies by his side opposing only one; isn't that time brighter than the time he had to go into "ghaybah" to survive from the people? Wassalam
  8. My first post here. I've been reading about Sunni and Shia issues for quite some time and also read some hadith on the subject of rejecting them. I'm quite confused on that and would require some understanding as to why the Shia Imams have said so. One of the hadith is the following: Imam Musa al-Kadhim [a] said, "Do not falsify anything that reaches you from us, or is attributed to us, even if you believe in the contrary. Surely, you do not know why we said it, nor upon what meaning [we said it in] or its description." حدثنا محمد بن الحسين عن محمد بن إسماعيل عن حمزة بن بزيع عن علي السناني عن أبي الحسن ع انه كتب إليه في رسالة ولا تقل لما بلغك عنا أو نسب إلينا هذا باطل وان كنت تعرفه خلافه فإنك لا تدري لم قلنا وعلى أي وجه وصفة. (Basa'ir ad-Darajat) Can some please assist me with the grading and reference. And also explain as to why one cannot discard a hadiths that go against the Quran and the established sunnah? Also, I was searchng for the hadith that is said by one of the Imams stating that if somebody rejects hadith, then he is outside the fold of wilayah. Can some brothers/sisters post those hadith with their references and grading for my benefit? Thank you.
  9. Hello im debating with a sunni and he brought up this hadith: part 8 page 245 hadith #341 in al-Kafi which says all the sahaba apostated or something. It seems weak but can someone verify for me? tell me the english translation, the arabic, and the narrator and his trustworthiness. Jazakallah khair to any brother or sister who can help out.
  10. Salaam Alaykum, Does anyone know of a Hadith which I believe is from our 4th Imam (as) narrating what differentiated truth from falsehood in the event of Ashura in Karbala? It went something like this: "Both camps were Muslims in Karbala but what differentiated truth from falsehood was that one camp believed in Ali (as) un-Waliullah". Thanks in advance
  11. Salaam alaikum, How can I find out about a chain of narrators ? I got the chain, but do not know any of the narrators except Abu Abdullah (a.s). Problem is that I cannot refer to Arabic sources. I need to find out about the grading of an hadith from Usul al-Kafi : Alī ibn Ibrãhīm quoted from his father* and Muḥammad ibn Ismã‘īl quoted from al-Faḍl ibn Shãdhãn, both of them quoted from Ibn Abī ‘Umayr quoted from Ḥafṣ ibn al-Bakhtarī quoted from Abu ‘Abdillah (a.s.), who said: "Do not make worship hateful to yourselves." (Volume 2, The Book of Belief and Unbelief, Chapter 45 “Moderation in Worship”, Hadith No. 1686–2. ) How can I do that without Arabic language skills? Thanks a lot for any advice.
  12. Salaam Alaykum, Recently I have been wondering about the Islamic recommendation regarding fruits. Is it better to eat fruits before food, after food, with food or independently? I am getting so confused since everyone says either eat on an empty stomach or after meals, or independently. There is no consensus regarding this topic. Are there any ahadith or books outlining what to eat and when, according to the Islamic recommendations from the AhlulBayt [as]? Many thanks, Ma'salaam.
  13. Asalaam Alaikum my dear Sunni and Shia brothers and sisters in faith: I had a quick question regarding Ashura. This is specifically for my Sunni friends on the site. I was just wondering why you fast on Ashura, and if there was a hadith for this reasoning? Thank you Peace.
  14. Asalam, I hope y'all are well. I am looking for the hadith where Nabi Ibrahmin (a) had asked God to keep prophethood within his progeny till the end. I am working on an extensive research paper on Imam Mahdi. So I need this hadith. Don't forget to provide the source. Thank You wa'salaam
  15. Asslamu alaykum, How broad or specific is the sentence "When one loves a thing it blinds him and sickens his heart."? Does it mean the haram only? A person? Something material? Everything? Or only some things? "When one loves a thing it blinds him and sickens his heart. Then he sees but with a diseased eye, hears but with unhearing ears. Desires have cut asunder his wit, and the world has made his heart dead, while his mind is all longing for it. Consequently, he is a slave of it and of everyone who has any share in it. Wherever it turns, he turns towards it and wherever it proceeds, he proceeds towards it. He is not desisted by any desister from Allah, nor takes admonition from any preacher. He sees those who have been caught in neglect whence there is neither rescission nor reversion. " - Imam Ali(As) [Nahjul Balagha Sermon 108] Website: http://www.nahjulbalagha.org/Nahjul-Balagha-Sermons/nahjul-balagha-sermon-108.html JazakAllah.
  16. بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم السلام عليكم ورحمة الله وبركاته It has been said that one of the signs before Imam Medhi(Aj) is the Yemani rising in Yemen to defeat the Sufyani in Syria. There are a few theories I have heard of: 1. Scholars suggest that the only authentic hadiths in regards to the precursors before Imam al Mehdi(Aj) is the callings from the skies. (I have heard that one of these scholars was Sayed Khoi). 2. There is too much evidence to deny it. Yemen that is poor and has nothing compared to Saudi Arabia is winning against them to the extent that they have destroyed some of their bases. Turkey is also gathering terrorists in Syria to try destabilise it(apparently there is a Hadith that shows Turkey involved with destabilising Syria) and others. 3. ^ From this there are 2 theories - 1. The Yemenis are doing this themselves and the Tyrannical Terrorists. 2. The Yemenis are taking orders from the Yemani that has not yet declared himself but he is here, the Sufyani is giving orders and is behind the terrorists and the objective to destabilise Syria in order for himself to rein. 4. Leave it to Allah Swt if it happens it happens if it doesn't it doesn't. 5. As Muslims we shouldn't deny evidence and should be aware if something is going to happen or not. 6. When the Yemeni comes he is going to call all the Shia to Yemen. Allahu 3alam. If you all could add your knowledge and wisdom to this topic I would be greatful. جزاك الله خير
  17. SKH = S. Kamal al-Haydari 1) First point in this extract from lecture 229 of his 'Opposing evidences' class, is that the methodology of Allamah Majlisi (and he insists on calling him Allamah, respecting his stature as a scholar and major contributor to the Shi'i school), and put the emphasis on the hadith and not the Quran. And this is what has caused the Shia school in general to decline, and this is the reason SKH announced his project to return the focus to the QUran and make IT the first reference point to establish our religious doctrines. 2) Then he briefly mentions the sources al Majlisi uses in Bihar al Anwar, which range from weak sources like tafsir al Qummi, to quotes (from al Majlisi) saying: 'I saw it in an old book...'! And books nobody has heard of, except his contemporaries. 3) This is a book that is revered and used a main source for events in history and seerah by Sheikhs of the pulpit, satellite channels, and even the hawza. 4) SKH's book : 'Bihar al Anwar under the spotlight' out soon! 5) He points out that there are a thousand classes on fiqh, and less than a handful of tafsir classes (in the best case, I'm not aware of any in the arabic hawza). And the overriding perception is that a scholar of tafsir isn't of the high level as scholar of fiqh (as was the view of Allamah Tabataba'i). Allamah Tabataba'i would have been given the Marji'yah if he didn't pursue his religious duty to produce the epic tafsir Al Mizan, and this heritage will remain the pride of the Shia until the Last Day. and... Allamah Tabataba'i's Commentary on Al Bihar, and why it was banned: [summary in english to follow] and... Jalaluldeen alAshtiyani's view on narrations of praises (manaqib of Imams): [summary in english to follow]
  18. Salam un Aliekum, Recently, I was looking for the Shia Ahadiths books in pdf format but I couldn't find them. I would prefer URDU translation first. Can anyone help me out in getting the PDF links for downloading them? > Kitab al-Kafi by Muhammad ibn Ya'qub al-Kulayni > Man la yahduruhu al-Faqih by Muhammad ibn Babawayh > Tahdhib al-Ahkam by Shaykh Muhammad Tusi > Al-Istibsar by Shaykh Muhammad Tusi Peace upon you O reader. :) Wassalam.
  19. Salaam Alaikum brothers and sisters. I had a quick question regarding women's reward in paradise. I have heard some hadiths relating to men; however, I was interested in the realm of women. I am familiar with a few hadiths, but I was just hoping you could provide me with some more insight. Thank you.
  20. ive heard from someone, in some hadith it is said "On the authority of Thawban, the Messenger of Allah (upon whom be blessings and peace) said:The Prophet Sallallahu ‘Alaihi Wa Sallam said: "Before your treasure, three will kill each other -- all of them are sons of a different caliph but none will be the recipient. Then the Black Banners will appear from the East and they will kill you in a way that has never before been done by a nation." Thawban, said: 'Then he said something that I do not remember by heart' then continued to say that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said: "If you see him give him your allegiance, even if you have to crawl over ice, because surely he is the Caliph of Allah, the Mahdi. If you see the black flags coming from Khurasan, join that army, even if you have to crawl over ice, for this is the army of the Caliph, the Mahdi and no one can stop that army until it reaches Jerusalem." Can someone clarify me on this Hadith and which one it is? Do you think the Mahdi will be from Afghanistan?, and what do you think " the black flags of Khurasan"?
  21. Salams Came across this new book 'The Perfect Family Virtues of the Ahl al-Bayt' and it is based on classical works by Sunni hadith scholars. www.visions-of-reality.com has the book and you can download the full contents page. The description from the website is Relying on the cream of the traditional Sunni hadith scholars, the work contains four classical works and is further supplemented with chapters from Sahih al-Bukhari and Sahih Muslim with the commentaries of Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani and Imam Nawawi. The book is split into six parts. Part One includes a Foreword by Dr Mostafa al-Badawi, looks briefly at the different sectarian attitudes towards the Prophetic Household, it also defines certain key terms using the classical Arabic dictionary Lisan al-Arab. This is followed by a look at the mention of the Ahl al-Bayt in Quran and also focuses on the famous hadith of the Cloak – Hadith Ahl al-Kisa. The section concludes by looking at the Sahaba making tawassul through the Ahl al-Bayt. Part Two starts by giving a brief biography of the hadith scholars whose works have been used in this book and also includes Imam al-Suyuti’s first risala ‘Reviving the Dead: The Virtues of the Prophetic Household.’ The concluding section of this part looks at the chapter on the relatives of the Prophet from Sahih al-Bukhari with the commentary of Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani, some poetry about the Ahl al-Bayt by Imam al-Shafi’ Part Three is dedicated to the virtues of the Prophet’s daughter the Lady Fatima and includes the translations of two risala’s the first by Imam al-Suyuti and the second by Ibn Shahin. Further the chapters are taken from the Sahihsof Imam Bukhari and Imam Muslim with their respective commentaries. Part Four looks at the virtues of Ali ibn Abi Talib starts with a brief biography and includes the complete translation of Imam al-Nasai’s The Unique Distinctions of Imam Ali (‘Khasa’is Imam Ali’) Further the chapters are taken from the Sahihs of Imam Bukhari and Imam Muslim with their respective commentaries. Part Five is dedicated to Imams Hasan and Husayn taking the chapters from the Sahihs of Imam Bukhari and Imam Muslim with their respective commentaries. Part Six looks at the virtues of the awaited Imam al-Mahdi, who be from the Ahl al-Bayt and will fill the world with justice and peace.
  22. Salam :) Does anyone know any short stories or hadeeths of the prophet? Appreciated! W/Salam.
  23. (bismillah) One the various compilation that our Qudamaa’ [ra] put to gether, one of the most interesting ones, to me, is Qurb al-Isnad by `Abdullah b. Jafar al-Himyari [ra]. A famous thiqa scholar who’s trustworthiness and knowledge is undoubted. His book is narrated from by the 3 Muhammads [as] in their large compilations. However, upon the majority, the book form that has reached us is not reliable in its tareeq or it’s contents Majalisi included in Bihar. However, the tareeq of Sh. Hurr al-Amili to the book is reliable and he has included many narrations from the book in Wasaa’il al-Shi`ah. Therefore, the `ulemaa’ take into consideration the book’s narrations as found in Wasaa’il. One of the usool books that Himyari [ra] relies on heavily in his book is the Masaa’il of `Ali b. Jafar b. Muhammad al-`Alawi al-Uraydi [ra], the son of al-Sadiq [as] and brother al-Kathim [as] – he is thiqa as mentioned by Tusi in his Fihirist. His book is where he asks his brother [as] questions and he answers them. This masaa’il is also no reliable in its sanad as it is found in Bihar. But Himyari has a different tareeq and it is not related to what Majalisi compiled. This is the only one book he had and that was narrated from. The tareeq of al-Himyari [ra] as found in Qurb is the following, always: حدثنا عبد الله بن الحسن العلوي، عن جده علي بن جعفر قال: سألت أخي موسى بن جعفر عليه السلام `Abdullah b. al-Hasan al-`Alawi narrated to us from his grandfather `Ali b. Ja`far, he said: I asked my brother Musa b. Ja`far [as]… Unfortunately, this tareeq is weak because the intermediary between al-Himyari [as] and the Masaa’il, Abdullah b. al-Hasan, is majhool – very majhool. So it unfortunately would make everything al-Himyari [ra] takes from this Masaa’il as unreliable (this is if we put aside ideas like shuhra of the book and other reasons to accept it). However, if we examine al-Tusi’s [ra] turuq to the Masaa’il of `Ali b. Jafar in his Fihrist, we discover that al-Himyari [ra] received the book from another tareeq: ورواه أبو جعفر محمد بن علي بن الحسين بن بابويه، عن ابيه، عن سعد والحميري واحمد بن ادريس وعلي بن موسى، عن احمد بن محمد، عن موسى بن القاسم البجلي، عنه. And Abu Ja`far Muhammad b. Ali b. al-Husayn b. Babuwayh [al-Saduq] narrated it from his father from Sa`d & al-Himyari & Ahmad b. Idris & Ali b. Musa from Ahmad b. Muhammad from Musa b. al-Qasim al-Bijli from him. This tareeq is saheeh. So we see that al-Himyari [ra] has a parallel chain running along with whatever he narrates through Abduallah b. al-Hasan, he also has from this tareeq which is saheeh. Why would he list this tareeq instead of the Saheeh one? Well, putting aside that rijal/dirayah was not always their goal, the point of Qurb al-Isnad (as evidence from his title, “Nearness of the Chain”) is to have the shortest chains possible. So the chain with the majhool grandson is shorter because then al-Himyari [ra] has one intermediary between him and the Masaa’il rather than 2. Therefore, everything al-Himyari [ra] narrates from the Masaa’il in Qurb al-Isnad, upon accepting this argument, is saheeh. والله أعلم All mistakes are my own and all guidance and correct information is from Allah [swt]. في امان الله
  24. Salam alaykum, I was running through the lectures of Sheikh Arif Abdul Hussain of this Muharram which according to me are somewhat briging new paradigms into the field of qur'anic hermeneutics and his ideas within the shi'ite thought are remarkably innovative, specially considering the stagnation of the system of marja'iyya for two centuries. The need of a refreshing revaluation of our qur'anic interpretation and understanding was really necessary as we are already going through major crisis particularly inside Islam. And the efforts of Sheikh Arif Abdul Hussain in trying to satisfy this intellectual gap are valuable specially considering that the new generation of muslims in the West are higly educated and in a constant exigency of orginal and advanced knowledge. The shi'ite thought is certainly at the edge of a new revolution in terms of Kuhn's concept of scientific revolution. However, until now this revolution was not possible primarily because of our coercive dependency to the textual material belonging to the Ahlul Bayt ie. their eternal role in qur'anic interpretation and understanding. The concept of "essence and form" introduced by Sheikh Arif Abdul Hussain within the framework of hadith ath-thaqalayn is the master key that paves the way for the autonomy of qur'anic interpretation and understanding at a private and community level. The problem that could arise from a traditional point of view is certainly that of looking at the Qur'an and the Ahlul Bayt (the two weights) as having the same weight. To support his thoughts Sheikh Arif Abdul Hussain is relying to a certain extent on the tradition also given by Allamah Tabatabai in his tafseer al-Mizan (see 3:7-9) which says : ‘‘Certainly I am leaving among you two weighty things : The bigger one and the smaller (lighter) one. As for the bigger one, it is the Book of Allah; and as for the smaller one, it is my progeny, the people of my house. Therefore, keep me in mind about these two things; because you shall never go astray so long as you hold fast to them." Here we can see that the Qur'an and the Ahlul Bayt have no equal weight, but one is bigger and the other one is lighter or smaller. The religious and pragmatic consequences of this dichotomy are challenging because the tradition itself opens the Pandora's box of multiple interpretations and actions. -their substantial value are not same -Qur'an has a spiritual essence and a form bound to its own context and the Ahlul Bayt are only representative of their time and space, then restricted by their context also -companions are also representative of their time and space, then restricted by their context and the validity of their judgements are not to be questionned if the pattern "essence and form" is valid -same substantial value of the Ahlul Bayt and the companions -disestablishment of the old system of marja'iyya and elaboration of a new system less coercive and more tractable -from what follows, the hawza system is to be revisited and some courses like usul al-fiqh, fiqh, ilm al-hadith and ilm al-rijal are to be reassessed -establishing new disciplines more human-oriented (sciences)
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