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  1. Asalaam Alaikum my dear Sunni and Shia brothers and sisters in faith: I had a quick question regarding Ashura. This is specifically for my Sunni friends on the site. I was just wondering why you fast on Ashura, and if there was a hadith for this reasoning? Thank you Peace.
  2. Zibh-e-Azeem' the Great Sacrifice and predictions of Prophet Mohammad (pbuhahf) regarding it. http://www.khanwadeabutalib.com/public/ilm/article/Zibh-e-Azeem'-the-Great-Sacrifice-and-pr/806/58
  3. SALAAMUN ALAIKUM Alqamah bin Mohammed ibn Hazrami (r.a.) narrates ‘I requested Imam Baqir (a.s.) to teach me a dua that I should recite on the day of Aashoora after the reciting the Ziyaarat of Imam Husain (a.s.) – from near his (a.s.) grave or from a distance.’ Imam (a.s.) replied ‘O Alqamah, whenever you wish to recite the Ziyaarat of Imam Husain (a.s.), you first perform two units of prayers. Then turn towards the grave of Imam Husain (a.s.) and while pointing towards it, you first say ‘Salam’ and then ‘Takbir’. Thereafter, you recite this Ziyaarat (Ziyaarate Aashoora). If you do so, then as if you have recited the supplication read by the angels while visiting the grave of Imam Husain (a.s.). Moreover, when you recite this Ziyaarat, then, Allah will increase your grade ten lakh times You will be included among those people who were martyred along with Imam Husain (a.s.) On the day of Judgment, you will be included among the martyrs You will get the reward of all the Prophets (a.s.) who have visited the grave of Imam Husain (a.s.) from the day that he (a.s.) was martyred till date. And the way of reciting the Ziyaarat is like this…’ (Then Imam (a.s.) recited the entire Ziyaarate Aashoora for Alqamah (r.a.) (Ref: Kaamil al-Ziyaarat, Ibn Qoolwayh, Ch. 71, p.194) At the end of this tradition, Imam Baqir (a.s.) says ‘O Alqamah, if you can, then recite this Ziyaarat every day send salutations to Imam Husain (a.s.). You will get all the rewards (of the one who recites it on the day of Aashoora).’ CLICK HERE TO VISIT THE BLOG "THE ZIYARAT OF ASHURAH " FOR THE IMPORTANCE , MERITS , AUTHENCITY AND VARIOUS AUDIO AND VIDEO RECITATIONS OF ZIYARAT E ASHURA IN DIFFERENT LANGUAGES
  4. Lamentations, breast-beating and mourning in memory of Husainâs martyrdom are not sanctioned by Islam. Though such martyrdoms are tragic, the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) has forbidden holding mourning ceremonies on the death of any person. People of Jaahiliyyah (ignorance) used to mourn over their deceased then the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) stopped the Muslims. Reply: Azaadaari (mourning) is a means to express sorrow for the hardships suffered by the Ahle Bait (a.s.) at the hands of the caliphs of their time. The words of Imam of Ahle Sunnah Allamah Fakhrudeen Raazi are notable: âIt is our firm belief that one who dies with love for the descendants of Muhammad (s) dies a martyr.â (Tafseer-e-Kabir, vol 7, pg 390) We read in Al-Bidaayah wa al-Nihaayah of Ibne Kasir in vol. 4, pg. 45, Beirut ed. It is narrated by Abu Hurariah that the Prophet (s.a.w.a.) used to visit the graves of martyrs every year. When he (s.a.w.a.) would reach the entrance of the mountain, he (s.a.w.a.) would say (to the martyrs): âAssalamoalaikum bi maa sabartumâ. This means âPeace be on you due to your patience and you have reached a pleasant place due to this.â Then after the Prophet (s.a.w.a.), Abu Bakr also used to come (every year), and after him Umar used to do the same and then Usman also did the same. We read in Al-Bidaayahwa al-Nihaayah vol. 6 pg. 360: Umar said âWhenever I venture out at sunrise, I remember the death of my brother Zaid b. Khattab.â Obviously the remembrance of his brotherâs death did not make him laugh; he was sorrowful (azaadaar). We find in Taarikh-e-Yaqoobi, vol. 1, pg. 3: The father and mother of humanity (Hazrat Adam (a.s.) and his wife Hazrat Hawwa (a.s.)) wept for their son Haabeel for so long that their tears turned into a stream. In Rauzah al-Shuhadaa, pg 30 the same incident has been quoted by Mulla Husain Waaiz Kashifi who adds: Tears from Adamâs (a.s.) right eye were flowing like the River Dajla and like the River Euphrates from his left eye. Perhaps the following tradition may prove more convincing: After the burial of the Prophet (s.a.w.a.), the companions in a state of sorrow were virtually throwing dust over themselves, and were crying due to the separation from their beloved. Especially Hazrat Faatemah (s.a.) was inconsolable; she was looking at the faces of her sons Imam Hasan (a.s.) and Imam Husain (a.s.) and was crying at their plight and her own plight. Even Aaesha was continuously crying and wailing. For several days and nights the voices of crying and mourning rose from this house which became house of grief (Baytul Huzn) and separation. (Madaarij al-Nubuwwah, vol 2, pg. 753-754) Mulla Ali Qaari in his book Al-Mirqaat fi Sharh al-Mishkaat from a narration by Imam Ahmed b. Hanbal quotes Imam Husain (a.s.): âWhoever weeps and cries upon me remembering my pain and miseries, Allah shall grant him Paradise.â (Al-Mirqaat fi Sharh al-Mishkaatwith reference to Taarikh-e-Ahmedi, pg 277, printed in Kanpur) One can refer to the Holy Quran via this hadis in Ahle Sunnahâs authoritative work Tafseer-e-Durr al-Manthoor, vol. 4 pg 31: The Prophet (s.a.w.a.) was asked: What was the extent of Hazrat Yaqoobâs (a.s.) mourning for his son? He (s.a.w.a.) replied, âIt was on par with mourning of 70 men and women.â And what was the reward for this? He (s.a.w.a.) retorted, âIt is on par with one hundred martyrs.â And we read in Tafseer Khazaan vol.3 pg 253: Yusuf (a.s.) said to Hazrat Jibrail (a.s.): Is my father adhering to mourning? Hazrat Jibrail (a.s.) said: The mourning of Yaqoob (a.s.) is on par with 70 men and women mourning. He then asked, âWhat is the reward for this mourning?â He said: The reward for this mourning is on par with mourning of 100 martyrs. Doubt: The Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) stopped the Muslims from doing all this and directed them to observe patience by saying âInnaalillaahi wa innaa ilayhiraajiâoonâ. A number of authentic traditions are available on the subject. To quote one of them: He is not from our group who slaps his cheeks, tears his clothes and cries in the manner of the people of Jaahiliyyah. (Saheeh Bukhari). Reply: Please refer to the Holy Quran, which permits crying: âAnd he turned away from them, and said: O my sorrow for Yusuf! And his eyes became white on account of the grief, and he was a repressor (of anger).â (Surah Yusuf (12): 84) If you refer to the exegesis of this verse, it will be clear how much Prophet Yaqoob (a.s.) cried for his son ultimately forfeiting his eyesight in the process. In Surah Nahl (16): 53, Allah declares: âAnd whatever favor is (bestowed) on you it is from Allah; then when evil afflicts you, to Him do you cry for aid.â When Umar heard of Numan b. Muqrinâs death he beat his head and screamed, âO what a pity that Nuâman died.â (Kanz al-Ummal, vol.8, pg. 117, Kitaab al-Maut) As narrated by Tabari in his Taarikh vol. 9 pg. 183 (English translation by Ismail Poonawala): Abbas narrates: I heard Aaesha say: The Messenger of Allah died on my bosom during my turn, I did not wrong anyone in regard to him. It was because of my ignorance and youthfulness that the Messenger of Allah died while he was in my lap. Then I laid his head on a pillow and got up beating my chest and slapping my face along with the women. (Ibn Katheer in al Bidaayah wa al-Nihaayah vol 5, pg 420) Also refer to Ibn Katheer in al Bidayah wan Nihayah: The Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.a.) died while he was in my lap. Then I laid his head on a pillow and got up beating my face along with other women. According to Saheeh-e-Bukhaari: Anas b. Malik narrated: We went with Allahâs Apostle (s.a.w.a.) to the blacksmith Abu Saif, and he was the husband of the wet-nurse of Ibrahim (the son of the Prophet (s.a.w.a.)). Allahâs Apostle took Ibrahim, kissed him and smelled him. Later, we entered Abu Saifâs house at that time, Ibrahim was breathing his last and the eyes of Allahâs Apostle (s.a.w.a.) started shedding tears. Abdul Rahman b. Auf said, âO Allahâs Apostle! Even you are weeping!â He said, âO Ibn Auf, this is mercy.â Then, he wept more and said, âThe eyes are shedding tears and the heart is grieved, and we will not say except what pleases our Lord, O Ibrahim! Indeed we are grieved by your separation.â Saheeh-e-Bukhaari, vol 2, book 23, tradition 390 We read in the traditions about the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.): âThe Prophet of Allah (s.a.w.a.) was in a state where he was beating his chest.â References: 1.  Saheeh-e-Bukhari vol. 2 pg 50 2.  Sunan-e-Nesaai vol. 3 pg 305 3.  Adhaan al Mufreed pg 426 4.  Saheeh-e-Muslim vol 1 pg 291 5.  Musnad-e-Abi Awaana vol. 2 pg 292 âThere is nothing against Islam in expressing grief, sorrow or in crying and weeping at the loss of a loved one.â Fayz al Bari fi Sharh-e-Saheeh Bukhari, vol 12, pg 462, Egypt ed. We read in Ahle Sunnahâs authority work Maarij al-Nubuwwah chap 1 pg 248: Hazrat Adam (a.s.) was so distressed that he smashed his hands onto his knees and the skin from his hands caused gashes from which bone could be seen. We read in Al-Bidaayah wa al-Nihaayah vol. 5, pg 243: âWhen Prophet (s.a.w.a.) died on the bed, the women who were around him (s.a.w.) had made their faces red by beating their faces.â Doubt: Even Husain (a.s.), shortly before his demise, had advised his beloved sister Zainab (a.s.), not to mourn over his death in this manner. He said, âMy dear sister! I swear upon you that in case I die you shall not tear your clothes, nor scratch your faceâ¦â Reply: It is obvious from the numerous incidents of Zainabâs (s.a.) weeping in the presence of Imam Husain (a.s.) before his martyrdom that these statements are false and misleading. When the forces of Yazid planned to attack the camp of Imam Husain (a.s.), Hazrat Zainab (s.a.) came to Imam Husain (a.s.) and asked why was there so much noise outside their tents, Imam replied that I just saw Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) in a dream and he (s.a.w.a.) said that I will be meeting him (s.a.w.a.) tomorrow, hearing this Hazrat Zainab (s.a.) started crying and beating herself on the face. Al-Bidaayahwa al-Nihaayah, vol 8, pg 176, Beirut ed. In the same book it is mentioned: Hazrat Zainab (s.a.) heard the elegies from Imam (a.s.). Reflecting on the tragedy of Karbala and the martyrdom of Imam Husain (a.s.) she cried, lamented and beat herself on the head until she fainted. Al-Bidaayahwa al-Nihaayah, vol 8, pg 177, Beirut ed. Similarly, we read in Sunan-e- Ibn Maajah, vol. 2, pg 285, published 1313 AH in Egypt. Saad b. Abi Waqqaas reported from Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) that he said ââ¦shed tears and cry and if you canât cry then make a crying face.â The death of Imam Husain (a.s.) is an event on which not only humans, but even the jinn, angels, animals, birds, the sky and trees, have lamented. Thus, it is written that the sky wept for forty days on (the martyrdom of) Imam Husain (a.s.). Yanabi al-Mawwaddah by Allamah Shaikh Sulaiman Hanafi Qundoozi, Constantinople ed. pg 392 Hafiz Abu Noaim writes in Hilyah al-Awliyaa on the authority on Imam Shaâbee, Zuhri, and Abu Qataadah: When Imam Husain (a.s.) was martyred, the sun was eclipsed (so long) so that the stars appeared. Waqiyaat-e-Karbala pg 75 Shah Abdul Aziz Dehalvi has narrated the lamenting and wailing of the jinn on pg. 96 of his book titled Sirr al-Shahaadatain. He has also quoted the verses of the elegy recited by the jinn while weeping over Imam Husain (a.s.). Umme Salmah (r.a.) has also narrated: I heard the jinn mourning for Husain. 1.     Tarikh al-Kabir by al-Bukhari (the author of Saheeh), vol 4, part 1, pg 26 2.     Fazaaâil al-Sahaabah, by Ahmed b. Hanbal, vol 2, pg 776, tradition 1,373 3.     Tabarani, vol 3, pg 130-131 4.     Tahzib vol. 7 Suyuti states: When Imam Husain was martyred, the corners of the sky remained red for a four month period. (Tafseer-e-Durr al-Manthoor vol. 6, pg. 31) We find in the traditions that even the first and the second caliphs didnât find lamenting loudly un-Islamic or against the Sunnah. Refer to Kashf al-Ghummah pg. 175: Abu Bakr and Umar would cry in such a way that the neighbors could hear them. Again in the same book we read: When Saad Ibn Maaz died, the Prophet (s.a.w.a.), Abu Bakr and Umar cried. Ayesha narrates âI recognized the cries of Abu Bakr and Umar although I was in my houseâ. (Kashf al-Ghummah, pg. 174) Aaesha called people to read elegies on her fatherâs death and she herself lamented. (Tarikh Kaamil, vol 2, pg 288; Iqd al-Fareed, vol 3, pg 65) On the day that Abu Bakr died, the situation seemed as if Madinah would be flooded with tears. (Tarikh al-Khamees, vol 2, pg 330) There are numerous other traditions which prove the permissibility of Azaadaari in the light of the Holy Quran and the teachings of the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.a.) and his revered companions. However, some Muslims choose to ignore them and raise the bogey of azaadaari being a form of innovation and deviation. Conclusion Itâs an undeniable fact that the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) has given all Muslims the bounty of Islam for which we collectively cannot repay him. However, the only way we could try to do that is to follow the Holy Quran which states: Say: I do not ask of you any reward for it but love for my near relatives.. Surah Shura (42): 23 The Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) has also stated, âHusain (a.s.) is from me and I am from Husain (a.s). The Quranic verse and prophetic tradition are more than enough for any Muslim worth his salt to acknowledge the excellence of Ahle Bait (a.s.). The least one can do is remember and love the Prophet (s.a.w.a.) and his family (a.s.) rather than remaining partial to those who were responsible ever since the advent of Islam for hurting the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a) like Abu Sufyan, his son Muawiyah and his grandson Yazid. Shah Abdul Aziz Muhaddis-e-Dehlavi while explaining the philosophy of martyrdom writes in the preface of his book âSirr al-Shahaadatainâ: âThe martyrdom of Imam Husain (a.s.) is in reality the martyrdom of his grandfather Muhammad Mustafa (s.a.w.a).â Last few traditions from the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) It has been mentioned in reliable traditions that often Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) mourned for Imam Husain (a.s.), which was obviously before his martyrdom. The well-known scholar of 10th century A. H. Allauddin Muttaqi Hindi in his book âKanz al-Ummaalâ has quoted Ibn Abi Shaibah, who has related from Umme Salmah, the wife of Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.), that â” Once Imam Husain (a.s.) came to Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) when I was sitting near the door. I saw that the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) had something in his palm, which affected him, making him weep profusely. By now Imam Husain (a.s.) had fallen asleep in his lap. I asked about the matter. He replied: âJibrail has brought the earth of the place where Husain (a.s.) will be martyred and informed me that people of my Ummah will slay him.â Kanz-ul-Ummaal vol. 2 One day, Umm Fazl, wife of Abbas â” the Prophetâs (s.a.w.a.) uncle â” approached the Prophet (s.a.w.a.) and informed him (s.a.w.a.), âO Prophet of Allah! I had a nightmare. I dreamt as if a piece of your flesh was flung in my arms.â The Prophet (s.a.w.a.) informed, âThe dream is true. Faatemah will give birth to a son and he will be brought to you.â As predicted on Husainâs (a.s.) birth, he was brought in my lap. One day, I brought the infant to the Prophet (s.a.w.a.). For some time, the Prophet (s.a.w.a.) took his eyes away from the infant. When he (s.a.w.a.) glanced at the infant again, his eyes welled up with tears. I said, âMay my father and mother be sacrificed on you O Prophet of Allah, why are you crying?â He (s.a.w.a.) informed, âI have just been informed by Jibrael that my nation will kill him.â I asked, âWill it be this son?â He replied in the affirmative. Jibraeel also brought reddish sand for me.â Al-Mustadrak alaa al-Saheehain by Haakim Neishapouri, vol 3, pg 176
  5. In the name of Allah the Most Beneficient the Most Merciful Salam Alykum Brothers and Sisters, I have created a presentation on Imam Hussein (a.s.) and Tragedy of Karbala that I would like to share with you. You can view it at, http://karbala-tragedy.blogspot.com Note: It is created using Adobe Flash, so unfortunately its not currently viewable on IPhone, IPad or other tablets/smart-phones that do not support Adobe Flash. I am planning to convert it to a Mobile App so it can be downloaded via App Store in the future. The concept behind the presentation is to serve as an educational tool to highlight important events from Birth of Imam Hussein (a.s.) leading upto his Journey and Martyrdom in Karbala, and why Sacrifice of Imam Hussein (a.s.) at Karbala became necessary for revival of Islam. The Presentation is divided into following sections. Background and Pretext Part 1 (626 CE - 632 CE) Birth of Imam Hussein - Last Sermon of Holy Prophet Part 2 (632 CE - 656 CE) Death of Holy Prophet - Murder of Caliph Uthman Part 3 (656 CE - 669 CE) Imam Ali as 4th Caliph - Martyrdom of Imam Hasan Imam Hussein's historic journey from Medina to Karbala Part 1 (680 CE) Medina - Makkah 27 Shaban, 60 AH - 8 Dhul-Hijjah, 60 AH Part 2 (680 CE) Makkah - Zuhasm 8 Dhul-Hijjah, 60 AH - 29 Dhul-Hijjah, 60 AH Part 3 (680 CE) Zuhasm - Karbala 29 Dhul-Hijjah, 60 AH - 10 Muharram, 61 AH Please feel free to leave comments and share the link with others. Thanks, Hussain Zaidi
  6. (bismillah) (salam) Recently, I had been playing with Twitter data, specifically for the purpose of mapping tweeters that tweet Shi'ite messages during the first 10 days of Muharram. My hope was that we will extract a large data set, comprising Shi'ites tweeting about Ashura, Karbala, or Syed al Shuhada (as). My aim was to plot large Shi'ite communities across the world, from Pakistan to Japan, UAE to South Africa, and from the UK to Western American states. However, after extracting our data, I realised that out of the complete data set, only some tweeters had enabled their Location-tracking service - this meant that a large number of tweeters could not be mapped. Nonetheless... A blog post about the graphic may be read here, and an R script for generating the graph here. This graphic was inspired by the amazing night time world photograph, taken by NASA, and James Cheshire's work. (wasalam)
  7. In the Name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful This topic, the 'Burning Galaxy' was sparked mainly to post and reply poems and make necessary corrections before performed in public. The theme is mainly of the Islamic Events coming from time to time, but I am expecting more on Muharram on Saffar. Insha Allah, the following would be the first poem to begin this journey! Ashurah It’s the 10th day of Muharram We have struggled to come so far It’s the day of Ahl-ul-Bait’s Exam We have come to mourn the star The moon of Hashim was beaten The land of Karbala was ashamed The son of Hussain was eaten The day of Ashura was inflamed Hussain was leaving his tent Farewelling his family the last time After Abbas, his back is bent He pleads to the enemies to come and repent Hussain left to the battle field Providing Islam the perfect yield Fulfilling the promise of the beloved appealed So that Islam can remain in the shield He swung his sword known as Zulfikar Leaving enemies with a permanent scar He does not care of dirham nor dinar He cares only of Islam since he has come so far He got beaten, butchered and wounded The enemies have now surrounded Now he is completely shredded He knows he is going to be beheaded As the anger of the enemies rose They anguished the Prophet’s soul The tents of Imam Hussain did they disclose The blood of the neck of Imam Hussain did they expose The Prophet made 72 glories in his prostration Imam Hussain gave 72 martyrs in his reaction The Prophet raise his head when he finish the declaration Imam Hussain laid his head until the enemy’s celebration They ambushed the family of the Prophet Thinking that that’s the final and worldly asset They forgot of the repayment of this great debt But they continue to threat and threat The enemies of Islam have not been punished yet There will be a time when there eyes will be wet Their faces will bow down and cry in regret For the dreadful act that anyone can never forget Yet we wait for the Imam of our time with Anxiety We continue to mourn for the successor of our deity He will bring peace to the society And eradicate the falsehood and reveal the truthful piety -- Syed Ameed
  8. Why had Imam Husayn (a.s) presented this sacrifice? Is it for gaining power or is it a kind of mischief? Why he didn’t act like his brother?Let us see what Husayn (a.s) himself says about his movement. At the time when he was departing from Medina, he wrote a bequest to his brother, Muhammad Hanafiyyah. Some of the sentences of this testament were as follows: “…I am not taking up arms in order to make merry, or be ecstatic over what I possess. I am not making mischief, nor exercising oppression. But I am ready to fight for the sole goal of seeking reform of the Ummah of my grandfather, the Apostle of Allah (s.a.w). I want to enjoin good and forbid evil and guide the affairs of the people as my grandfather and father were doing.”
  9. What is the role of people in the Imam Husain's uprising? While Imam Husain (s.a) understood that people of Kufa changed their Allegiance, he didn’t change his objection and continued his uprising?
  10. Bani Umayyah (Umayad) forced people to celebrate the day of Ashura (10th of Muharram) as a blessed day, and encouraged people to buy and store their annual food on that day and to fast that day as Sunnah, by fabricating traditions in this regard which were solely designed to overshadow and to cover up the great catastrophe of the slaughtering the household of Prophet (PBUH&HF). To make people believe that Ashura is a blessed day, day fabricated that it was in that day when Allah saved Bani Israel from Pharaoh. this is while Moses (as) and his companions were saved and passed the Nile river in the month of Rabiul-Awwal. They also invented that the repentance of Adam was accepted on that day, while it was accepted in the month of Zil-Hajjah. They say that it was the day that Jonah (Yunos) was saved from the body of fish and the ark of Noah was settled on earth while it was on the 18th of Zil-Hajjah. All those traditions were fabricated By Bani Umayyah to cover their crimes. But scientific research caught their different lies. Shukar al-Hamdolillah. Let us first read this fabricated tradition: First Version: Sahih Bukhari, Book 60, Volume 6, Hadith 202: Narrated Ibn Abbas: When the Prophet arrived at Medina, the Jews were observing the fast on 'Ashura' (10th of Muharram) and they said, "This is the day when Moses became victorious over Pharaoh," On that, the Prophet said to his companions, "You (Muslims) have more right to celebrate Moses' victory than they have, so observe the fast on this day." Second Version: Bukhari, Book 60, Volume 6, Hadith 31: Narrated Aisha: During the Pre-lslamic Period of ignorance the Quraish used to observe fasting on the day of 'Ashura', and the Prophet himself used to observe fasting on it (ashura) too. But when he came to Medina, he fasted on that day and ordered the Muslims to fast on it. When (the order of compulsory fasting in ) Ramadan was revealed, fasting in Ramadan became an obligation, and fasting on 'Ashura' was given up, and whoever wished to fast (on it) did so, and whoever did not wish to fast on it, did not fast. Post Mortem of this Fabricated TraditionIt is very difficult to tell a perfect lie. There are always “Contradictions” when you tell a lie. Same happened in this case where one paid fool of Bani Umayyah fabricated that Prophet (saw) started it due to Bani Israel, while other fool linked it to the Period of ignorance. We all know why we celebrate Eid-ul-Adha (day of sacrifice of Hadhrat Ismael), why we celebrate Ramadhan (Quran tells (Verse 2:185) that the month of Ramazan is that in which the Quran was revealed). But why then ‘Aisha was so much ignorant about the incident of Bani Israel & Moses? The tradition claims that Prophet & Sahaba were constantly observing the fast of ‘Ashura during full 10 years of Prophet’s life in Madina, so there is absolutely no logical reason as to why ‘Aisha was ignorant of this. Moreover, why was Prophet following the Custom of days of Ignorance? There was NO Islamic Calendar during Prophet (saw) era. But there was Arabic Calendar. It was the Era of Umar Ibn Khattab, where proposal came about Islamic Calendar. Ali Ibn Abi Talib recommended to start Islamic Calendar with the 1st of Muharram of the year when Prophet (saw) migrated to Madina. But on 1st of Muharram of Islamic Calendar, Prophet Muhammad (saw) was still in Mecca. All agree that Prophet (saw) migrated to Madina long after it in the month of Rabi-ul-Awwal. (After Muharram comes the month of “Saffar” and then the month of “Rabi-ul-Awwal”). (Sahih Bukhari, Volume 5, Book 58, Number 245: …. (when Prophet reached Madina) So all the Muslims rushed to their arms and received Allah's Apostle on the summit of Harra. The Prophet turned with them to the right and alighted at the quarters of Bani 'Amr bin 'Auf, and this was on Monday in the month of Rabi-ul-Awal.) Therefore, it was impossible that Prophet (saw) had seen Jews fasting on Ashura at his arrival to Madina. This proves this story to be totally fabricated one. Moreover, the modern scientific study of Jewish Scriptures also reveals that people who fabricated this tradition were telling a blatant lie. Do the Jews fast on the day when Bani Israel were saved by Allah? No, it is a blatant lie. Jews don’t have absolutely any Fasting day for this event. Here is the List of days when Jews Fast. http://www.hebrew4christians.com/Holidays/Fast_Days/fast_days.html The next lame excuse by Modern Apologists of this fabricated tradition is to claim that it refers to jewish “Yom Kippur” which happened on 10th of Tishri month of Jews. Once again, this claim is without any proof and totally wrong. First contradiction is this that the 10th of Tishri has nothing to do with saving of Bani Israel from Pharoah, but it is the day the children of Israel paid atonement for worshipping the calf when Prophet Moses and some companions went to Mount Sinai. As a result of this incident, the Jews fast on the 10t of Tishri. Secondly, scientific research shows that 10th Tishri was months away from 10th Muharram of 1st Islamic Hijri year. Here are two Scientific Tools for you to calculate it yourself. Gregorian-Hijri Dates Converter (Online Link) Hebrew Date Converter (Online Link) * 10th Muharram of 1st Islamic Hijri year is equivalent to 25 July 622 C.E. (+ One day Error) [link] * 10th of Tishri, 4383 of Jewish Calendar is equivalent to 23 September 622 C.E. (+10 days error) [link] As you can see both of them months away with each other and there is no chance that they correspond to each other in that year. The Apologists of this fabricated Tradition further make a lame excuse that perhaps Prophet (saw) didn’t see Jews in the first year of his arrival, but in later coming years. But this excuse is also contradicting the facts. Fact is this that Fast of Ramadhan became obligatory in 2nd year after migration (See Tafsir of Verse 2:185 where all Muffasirrin of Quran agree upon it that this verse about Ramadhan fasting was revealed in year 2 A.H.). But the only time the 10th of Tishri corresponded to the 10th of Muharram was in the 29th year after Hijra (i.e. not even in life Time of Prophet Muhammad (saw)). Another problem with 10th Tishri assumption is this that the month in which God delivered the Israelites from Pharaoh was month of Abib (i.e. modern Nissan), as the Bible clearly says: "Observe the month of Abib, and keep the passover unto the Lord thy God: for in the month of Abib the Lord thy God brought thee forth out of Egypt by night." (Deut., 16:1). And it is also impossible that month of Abib corresponded with Month of Muharram of 1st or 2nd Year of Islamic Hijri Calendar. * 10th Muharram of 1st Islamic Hijri year is equivalent to 25 July 622 C.E. (1 day error) [link] * 10th of Abib, 4382 of Jewish Calendar is equivalent to 30 March 622 C.E. (10 days error) [link] You can see that there is the difference of months between them and in whole remaining life of Prophet (saw) in Madina, they never corresponded with each other. Note: Moreover, 10th of Abib (Nissan) is not even the day when Bani Israel departed from Egypt. Rather, the savior of the children of Israel occurred on the 15th of Nissan in the Jewish calendar and the 15th of Nissan in the 1st year of Hijra corresponded to the 23rd of Ramadan. Lame Excuse: The Jewish Calendar could have been “distorted” (Tehrif) after the death of Prophet Muhammad (saw) and thus Jewish Calendar is not reliable. Answer: No doubt that there were distortions in the “normal” Jewish scriptures. But as far as specifically the “Jewish Calendar” & the “Custom of Fasting” is concerned, then NO distortion has taken place in them after the advent of Islam, but both the Jewish Calendar & the Custom of Fasting stayed the same since advent of Islam. Actually they stayed same “centuries” before Islam. Here one Link about Jewish Calendar and another Link about short history of “Custom of Fasting”, while as far as Jewish Calendar is concerned, then there is absolutely no doubt that Jews were using this same Calendar centuries before Prophet Muhammad (saw). Therefore, if anyone claims that the “Jewish Calendar” and the “Custom of Fasting” have been distorted after 1st Hijri of Islamic Calendar, then such person is a plain stupid. The Truth: 10th of Muharram is a day of “sorrow” and “great calamities” for Jews too Subhan Allah! The truth is this that 10th of Muharram of 1st Hijri was not the day of “joy” for the Jews. But a big Surprise, that was the day of great calamities and sorrow for Jews too. “Tisha B'Av” is also a fasting day of Jews on 9th of the Jewish month Av. Strange thing is this that this Tisha B'Av corresponded perfectly to the 10th of Muharram of 1st & 2nd Hijri of Islamic Calendar. 1. 10th muharram of muslim is equivalent to Sunday 25 July 622 C.E. (+1 day error according to Islamic Software maker). (Link). 2. 9th of Av, 4382 of jewish Calendar is equivalent to Sunday 25 July 622 C.E (Link). Tisha B'Av: The “Saddest day in Jewish History” http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tisha_B%27Av The fast commemorates the destruction of both the First Temple and Second Temple in Jerusalem, which occurred about 655 years apart, but on the same Hebrew calendar date. Although primarily meant to commemorate the destruction of the Temples, it is also considered appropriate to commemorate other Jewish tragedies that occurred on this day, most notably the expulsion of the Jews from Spain in 1492, one of the concluding events of the Iberian Reconquista. Accordingly, the day has been called the "saddest day in Jewish history"..... Note: Another very strange thing is this that Jeremiah (see Jer. 52:12–13) dates the destruction of the First Temple to the tenth of Av (52:12ff.), while there is, however, no biblical witness for the ninth. Subhan Allah! Allah is the greatest. [Quran 3:54] But they (the unbelievers) contrived a plot, and God did the like; and God's plan is the best. Was Prophet sad upon killing of Hussain or happy like Bani Umayyah & Present day Nasibies? O Muslims! Do you remember what your Prophet (saw) advised you about his family (Ahl al-Bayt)? Following tradition of Sahih Muslim is telling that Prophet (saw) advised the Ummah "3 Times" to look how they behave with his Ahl al-Bayt after him. Sahih Muslim, Kitab fada'il al-Sahabah: O people, I am only a human being and I am about to respond to the messenger of my Lord [i.e. the call of death]. I am leaving behind Two Precious Things (Thaqalayn) among you. The first of the two is the Book of Allah. In it is guidance and light. So get hold of the Book of Allah and adhere to it." (The narrator, Zayd ibn al-Arqam said: Then he urged and motivated (us) regarding the Book of Allah . Then he said), "And my Ahl al-Bayt (family). I urge you to remember Allah regarding my Ahl al-Bayt. I urge you to remember Allah regarding my Ahl al-Bayt. I urge you to remember Allah regarding my Ahl al-Bayt. But O Muslims! Just tell even after this advice of "3 times" still what happened to the beloved grandson Hussain of Prophet? Sunnan Ibn Majah, Kitab-ul-Fitn (Online Link for Original Arabic Version): Narrated by Alqamah from Abdullah bin Masood: One day we were sitting with Holy Prophet(s) when some children from the house of Bani Hashim came there. When the Holy Prophet(s) saw them, tears welled up in his eyes and he became pale. Ibn Masood said that he told the Holy Prophet(s) "Your face reflects anxiety".The Holy Prophet(s) stated:"Exalted God has granted us,the Ahlulbait, Hereafter instead of worldly pleasure. After me, soon my Ahlulbait will face calamity, hardship and misery till people having black flags will rise from East and seek justice,which will be denied them.They will wage war,they will be supported and will be given what they were demanding.They will not accept until it is handed over to one from our Ahlulbait (i.e. Mahdi) .He will fill the earth with justice as it was filled with injustice. Whoever amongst you is alive at that period, should try to reach them even if he has to tread on ince in that pursuit." (al-Sanadi wrote in commentary of Ibn Majah that this same tradition has also been recorded in Mustadrak of al-Hakim through another chain of Umar bin Qais -- Hakam --I braheem) Saudi Mufti, Al-Albaani records a ‘Sahih’ Hadith: Gabriel came to me and informed me that my Ummah will kill my son Hussain. I asked: ‘This Hussian?’. He (s) replied: ‘Yes’ he then brought me some of its soil that was red. Narrated by Umm al-Fadhal bint al-Harith that she went to the Holy Prophet (s) and said: ‘O Prophet (s), I have seen an unclear dream tonight’. He (s) asked: ‘What is it?’ She replied: ‘I saw that as if a part of your body was cut off from you and was placed upon my chest’. He (s) said: ‘You have seen something good. Inshallah Fatimah will bear a baby boy and he will be upon your chest.’ So Fatima gave birth to Hussain and he was on my chest as the Prophet (s) had notified me. On one day I went to the Holy Prophet (s) and put Hussain on his chest then he turned his face to the side and I witnessed his (s) eyes flowing with tears. I asked: “Prophet of Allah (s), may parents be sacrificed for you, what is wrong?” he (s) then mentioned it (the above hadith). Silsilah Al-Ahadith Al-Sahiyah, Volume 2 page 462 Hadith 821 Witness of Ibn Abbas about mourning of Prophet for Hussain: حدثنا عبد الله حدثني أبي ثنا عبد الرحمن ثنا حماد بن سلمة عن عمار بن أبي عمار عن ابن عباس قال رأيت النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم في المنام بنصف النهار أشعث أغبر معه قارورة فيها دم يلتقطه أو يتتبع فيها شيئا قال قلت يا رسول الله ما هذا قال دم الحسين وأصحابه لم أزل أتتبعه منذ اليوم .قال عمار فحفظنا ذلك اليوم فوجدنا قتل ذلك اليوم Translation: “Abdullah bin Abbas narrates that he saw holy prophet (saw) while sleeping in afternoon, his hair were scattered, and full of dust, and he had a bottle filled with blood; I asked him: My parents be sacrificed for you, what is this? He replied: this is the blood of Hussain and his companions, I have been collecting it since day time. Narrator said that when we calculated, it was the day Hussain embraced martyrdom”. AUTHENTICATION OF THE NARRATION: - Sheikh Ahmad Shakir says:- chain is Sahih [musnad ahmad, researched by sheikh Ahmad Shakir, vol 4, page 26, narration 2165] - Imam Hakim says:- Sahih on the condition of Imam Muslim, though he did not write. Imam Dhahabi says:- Sahih on the condition of Imam Muslim [Mustadarak, with Talkhes of Dhahabi, vol 4, page 312, narration 8368, printed by qadeemi kutb khana, pakistan] - Wasi Ullah bin Mohammad Abbas says:- chain is Sahih [Fadail us Sahaba, vol 2, page 778,first print, 1403, umm ul qura, mecca] Ali Ibn Abi Talib mourning for Hussain Masnad Imam Ahmad, 2/60: Abdullah Bin Naji narrates from his father who said : that he went with Ali who was pure. When he passed Ninawa on his way to Siffin Ali called: Be patient Aba Abdillah, be patient Aba Abdillah by ,the Euphrates river ,then I said: and why did you say? he said : Allah’s Prophet (saw) came to me some day and his eyes were overflowed with tears, I said: O Prophet of Allah did someone make you angry why are your eyes overflowing? He said: Jibraeel left me after he told me that Al Hussein asws will be killed by the Euphrates river. He said: do you want to smell some of his soil? I said: yes. He took some of the soil in his hand and gave it to and gave it to me then I could not hold back my tears and my eyes overflowed. Sheikh Ahmad Shakir says: Sanad Sahih This hadeeth has been authenticated by other scholars as well; like albani, haithmi etc Weeping of Skies and Jins upon killing of Hussain: Ummul Momineen Um Salma (ra) has also narrated as recorded by Imam Abi Bakar al-Haythami: عن أم سلمة قالت‏:‏ سمعت الجن تنوح على الحسين بن علي‏.‏ رواه الطبراني ورجاله رجال الصحيح‏.‏ ”I heard the jinns mourning for Husayn ibn Ali’. Tabarani has recorded it and all its narrators are narrators of Sahih’. Majma al-Zawaid, Volume 9 page 199 Tradition 15179 Another such Sahih Tradition from Maymonah at Majma al-Zawaid, Volume 9 page 199 Tradition 15180 Another such Sahih Tradition from Zuhri at Majma al-Zawaed, Volume 9 page 316 Tradition 15160 Please read many more traditions about mourning of Prophet (saw), Sahaba, Skies, Jins at this link and this link.
  11. God bless IUS and Ahlul Bayt Society http://www.bbc.co.uk/democracylive/scotland-29921296
  12. The Afghan President Ashraf Ghani, who is a Sunni attended mourning ceremonies with shias. It is a great sign of unity, cooperation and a great victory for shias of Afghanistan, especially since only recently shias have been recognised as Muslims by Sunnis in Afghanistan.
  13. http://www.duas.org/zilhajj/Ziaratarafat.htm In the name of Allah, The Beneficent, The Merciful Peace be on you, O the son of Ali Al Murtaza! Peace be on you, O the son of Khadijah Kubra! Peace be on you, O he whose blood-claimer is Allah, He is the blood-claimer of your father also, as those who persecuted you, your relatives and friends have not been punished for their crimes. I bear witness that, verily, you established the prayers, gave the prescribed share to the needy, commanded to do that which is right and lawful, not to do that which is wrong and unlawful, and sincerely served Allah, till the inevitable came unto you. So, curse of Allah be on those who killed you, curse of Allah be on those who persecuted you, curse of Allah be on those who heard all this and rested satisfied. O my Mawlaa! O Aba Abdillah! I call Allah to bear witness, and also His Angels, His Prophets, His Messengers, that I believe in you, and I am sure of your return, (I follow you) in the matter of my religious performances, day-to-day conduct, and “returning to the Creator”. Blessings of Allah be on your souls and bodies, (when) you are in view (when) you are out of sight, on your style, on your substance. Peace be on you, O the son of the Last Prophet, the son of the first successor, the Imam of the God-fearing, the son of the leader of the riders who will urge their white-footed horses unto the blissful land of Paradise. How it is not possible? You are the gateway to guidance, the pious Imam, the safe handle, the decisive proof (of Allah) for the mankind, one of the five people of “Kisa” the hands of Mercy fed you, the bosom of Faith nursed you, the genius of Islam trained you, frankly I am very unhappy on account of your departure, (because) there is no doubt that you are alive. Blessings of Allah be on you, and on your forefathers, and on your descendants. Peace be on you, O he who bathed in tears, troubles, in regular rotation, surrounded you. Curse of Allah be on those who deemed it lawful to do away with your sanctity, then killed you. Blessings of Allah, harnessed and bridled, be on you, the Messenger of Allah (blessings of Allah be on him and on his children) is your blood-claimer and the book of Allah is renounced (when) you (the part of parcel of it) are lost. Peace be on you, on your grandfather on your father, on your mother, on your brother, on the Imams, in your progeny on the martyrs, martyred with you, on the angels, who surround your holy grave, and on those visitors who are here to perform your “Ziyaarat” and say “let it be so” for your follower’s prayers. Peace be on you, and mercy and blessings of Allah be on you, My father and mother are at your disposal O the son of the Messenger of Allah! My father and mother are at your disposal O Aba Abdillah! Indeed terrible was the calamity, and your suffering casts gloom upon us, and upon all the people of the earth and the heavens, so, curse of Allah be on those who saddled and bridled their horses, gave reins, and got ready to fight against you. O my Mawlaa! O Aba Abdillah! I move towards your “Haram”, I have reached your resting abode, I beseech Allah in the name of privileges you enjoy before Him, in the name of the position you occupy near Him, to send blessings on Muhammad and on his children, and let me be with you in this world and in the Hereafter, as a favour, bestowed upon me through His generosity and kindness. Peace be on you, O the Inheritor of Adam, the sincerely attached friend of Allah! Peace be on you, O the Inheritor of Nooh, the Prophet of Allah! Peace be on you, O the Inheritor of Ibrahim, the intimate friend of Allah! Peace be on you, O the Inheritor of Moosaa, whom Allah addressed! Peace be on you, O the Inheritor of Eesaa, who received joy, mercy and peace from Allah! Peace be on you, O the Inheritor of Muhammad, the dearest beloved of Allah! Peace be on you, O the Inheritor of the Ameerul Moomineen! Peace be on you, O the Inheritor of Fatimah Zahra! Peace be on you, O the son of Muhammad Al Mustafa! Peace be on you, O the son of Fatimah Zahra! Transliteration BISMILLAHIR RAHMANIR RAHEEM ASSALAAMU A’LAYKA YAA WAARITHA AADAMA S’IFWATILLAAH ASSALAAMU A’LAYKA YAA WAARITHA NOOH’IN NABIYYILLAAH ASSALAAMU A’LAYKA YAA WAARITHA IBRAAHEEMA KHALEELILLAAH ASSALAAMU A’LAYKUM YAA WAARITHA MOOSAA KALEEMILLAAH ASSALAAMU A’LAYKA YAA WAARITHA E’ESAA ROOH’ILLAAH ASSALAAMU A’LAYKA YAA WAARITHA MUH’AMMADIN H’ABEEBILLAAH ASSALAAMU A’LAYKA YAA WAARITHA AMEERIL MOOMINEEN ASSALAAMU A’LAYKA YAA WAARITHA FAAT’IMATAZ ZAHRAA ASSALAAMU A’LAYKA YABNA MUH’AMMADINIL MUS’T’AFAA ASSALAAMU A’LAYKA YABNA FAAT’IMATAZ ZAHRAA ASSALAAMU A’LAYKA YABNA A’LIYYIL MURTAZ”AA ASSALAAMU A’LAYKA YABNA KHADEEJATAL KUBRAA ASSALAAMU A’LAYKA YAA THAARALLAAHI WABNA THAARIHI WAL WITRAL MAWTOOR ASHHADU ANNAKA QAD AQAMTAS’ S’ALAATA WA AATAYTAZ ZAKAATA WA AMARTA BIL MAA’-ROOFI WA NAHAYTA A’NIL MUNKAR WA AT’AA’-TALLAAHA H’ATTAA ATAAKAL YAQEEN FALA-A’NALLAAHU UMMATAN QATALATKA WA LA-A’NALLAAHU UMMATAN Z’ALAMATKA WA LA-A’NALLAAHU UMMATAN SAMI-A’T BID’AALIKA FARAZ”IYAT BIHI YAA MAWLAAYA YAA ABAA A’BDILLAAH USH-HIDULLAAHA WA MALAAA-IKATAHU WA AMBIYAAA-AHU WA RUSULAHU ANNEE BIKUM MOOMINUN WA BI-IYAA BIKUM MOOQINUN BISHARAAYI-I’DEENEE WA KHAWAATEEMI A’MALEE WA MUNQALABEE ILAA RABBEE FAS’ALAWAATULLAAHI A’LAA ARWAAH’IKUM WA A’LAA AJSAADIKUM WA A’LAA SHAAHIDIKUM WA A’LAA GHAAA-IBIKIM WA Z’AAHIRIKUM WA BAAT’INIKUM ASSALAAMU A’LAYKA YABNA KHAATIMIN NABIYYEEN WABNA SAYYIDIL WAS’IYYEEN WABNA IMAAMIL MUTTAQEEN WABNA QAAA-IDIL GHURRIL MUH’AJJALEENA ILAA JANNAATIN NA-E’EM WA KAYFA LAA TAKOOONU KAD’AALIKA WA ANTA BAABUL HUDAA WA IMAAMUT TUQAA WAL U’RWATUL WUTHQAA WAL H’UJJATU A’LAA AHLID DUNYAA WA KHAAMISU AS’H’AABIL KISAAA GHAD’ATKA YADUR RAH’MATI WA RUZ”IA’-TA MIN THADYIL EEMAAN WA RUBBEETA FEE H’IJRIL ISLAAM FAN NAFSU GHAYRU RAAZ”IYATIN BIFIRAAQIKA WA LAA SHAAAKKATIN FEE H’AYAATIKA S’ALAWAATULLAAHI A’LAYKA WA A’LAA AABAAA-IKA WA ABNAAA-IKA ASSALAAMU A’LAYKA YAA S’AREE-A’L A’BRATIS SAAKIBATI WA QAREENAL MUS’EEBATIR RAATIBAH LA-A’NALLAAHU UMMATANAS-TAH’ALLAT MINKAL MAH’AARIM FAQUTILTA S’ALLALLAAHU A’LAYKA MAQHOORAN WA AS’BAH’A RASOOLULLAAHI S’ALLALLAAHU A’LAYHI WA AALIHI BIKA MAWTOORAN WA AS’BAH’A KITAABULLAAHI BIFAQDIKA MAHJOORAA ASSALAAMU A’LAYKA WA A’LAA JADDIKA WA ABEEKA WA UMMIKA WA AKHEEKA WA A’LAL A-IMMATI MIN BANEEKA WA A’LAA MUSTASHHADEENA MA-A’KA WA A’LAL MALAAA-IKATIL H’AAAFFEENA BIQABRIKA WASH SHAAHIDEENA LIZUWWAARIKAL MOOMINEENA BILQABOOLI A’LAA DU-A’AAA-I SHEE-A’TIKA WASSALAAMU A’LAYKA WA RAH’MATULLAAHI WA BARAKAATUH BI-ABEE ANTA WA UMMEE YABNA RASOOLILLAAH BI-ABEE ANTA WA UMMEE YAA ABAA A’BDILLAAH LAQAD A’Z’UMATIR RAZIYYATU WA JALLATIL MUS’EEBATU BIKA A’LAYNAA WA A’LAA JAMEE-I’AHLIS SAMAAWAATI WAL ARZ” FALA-A’NALLAAHU UMMATAN ASRAJAT WA AL-JAMAT WA TAHAYYA-AT LIQITAALIKA YAA MAWLAAYA YAA ABAA A’BDILLAAH QAS’ADTU H’ARAMAKA WA ATAYTU MASHHADAKA AS-ALULLAAHA BISH SHAANIL LAD’EE LAKA I’NDAHU WA BIL MAH’ALLILLAD’EE LAKA LADAYHI AN YUS’ALLIYA A’LAA MUH’AMMADIN WA AALI MUH’AMMAD WA AN YAJ-A’LANEE MA-A’KUM FID DUNYAA WAL AAKHIRATI BIMANNIHI WA JOODIHI WA KARAMINI
  14. Night 1; Br. Khalil Jaffer, Islamic Sermon Series; The Origin and the Return: GOD
  15. Sheikh Arif Abdul Hussain, Muharram 1436/2014 Islamic Sermons Night 1: Islam, Its Rational Foundation and a Need to Get Back to Basics http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=T9y_5TVwBjc
  16. Ziyaarat–e-Aashoora and the supplication recited after it, which is famous as Dua-e-Alqamah, are reliable narrations which cannot be rejected. Their presence in ancient and authentic Shia books shows that scholars, traditionalists and theologians have been particular in narrating the same and jurists have carefully considered its chain of transmission before authenticating it. Ziyaarat-e-Aashoora, which is widely reported in Shia books, has two primary sources: 1. Kaamil al-Ziyaaraat of Ibne Qulwayh (r.a.) (exp. 367 A.H.) 2. Misbaah of Shaikh Toosi (r.a.) (exp. 460 A.H.) Although its reference has been narrated through several chains, we will focus on the chain narrated by Shaikh Toosi (a.r.) in Misbaah. We have taken the reference of the tradition of Ziyaarat-e-Aashoora from the author of the book ‘Shifaa al-Sudoor fi Sharhe Ziyaarate Aashoor’, Al Haajj Mirza Abul Fazl Tehrani, regarding whom, the great traditionalist Shaikh Abbas-e-Qummi (r.a.), the compiler of ‘Mafaateeh al-Jinaan’, has recorded in his book ‘Al Kuniyyah wa al-Alqaab’: “Mirza Abul Fazl, the scholar, the worthy one, the jurist, the theologian, the wise, the mathematician, knower of biographies and history, the litterateur and poet, who expired in 1314 AH in Tehran and is buried in the yard of Imam Zaadeh Hamzah (r.a.) in Shah Abdul Azeem (r.a.) in the grave of his father.” Mirza Abul Fazl Tehrani says, ‘I limit myself to the best and most reliable chain of Ziyaarat-e-Aashoora in my view.’ Then he records – I heard from: 1. Shaikh Muhammad Husain b. Muhammad Haashim Kaazimi[1], who heard from 2. Aayatullah al Uzma Murtuza b. Muhamma Amir Jaabiri al Ansaari[2], who heard from 3. Mulla Ahmad Naraaqi[3], who heard from 4. Sayyid Muhammad Mahdi Tabaatabaai (famous as Allamah Bahrul Uloom)[4], who heard from 5. Muhammad Baaqir Bahbahaani (famous as Waheed-e-Bahbahaani)[5], who heard from 6. his father Muhammad Afzal Isfahaani, who heard from 7. his uncle Allaamah Muhammad Baaqir Majlisi[6] (author of Behaar al-Anwaar), who heard from 8. his father Muhammad Taqi Majlisi[7], who heard from 9. Shaikh Muhammad b. Hasan Aamili (famous as Shaikh Bahaai)[8], who heard from 10. his father Husain b. Abdul Samad Aamili[9], who heard from 11. Shaheed Zainuddeen b. Ali Aamili (famous as Shaheed-e-Saani)[10], who heard from 12. Shaikh Ahmad b. Muhammad b. Khaatoon Aamili[11], who heard from 13. Ali b. Abdul Aali Al Karki (famous as Muhaqqiq-e-Saani)[12] who heard from 14. Ali b. Hilaal Jazaairi[13], who heard from 15. Ahmad b. Fahd Hilli[14] (author of Uddat al-Daaee), who heard from 16. Faazil Zainuddeen Ali b. Khaazin[15], who heard from 17. Muhammad b. Makki (famous as Shaheed-e-Awwal)[16], who heard from 18. Muhammad b. Hasan b. Yusuf Hilli[17], who heard from 19. Fakhruddeen Abu Taalib Muhammad b. Hasan heard from his father, the scholar of the east and the west, the great Ayatullah, the sword against the enemies, who is famous among all sects, Abu Mansoor Jamaaluddeen Hasan b. Yusuf Hilli.[18] 19. Jafar b. Saeed Hilli (famous as Muhaqqiq-e-Awwal)[19], who heard from 20. Fakhaar b. Ma’d Haairi[20], who heard from 21. Shaazaan b. Jibrail Qummi[21], who heard from 22. Muhammad b. Abul Qaasim Tabari[22], who heard from 23. Abu Ali Hasan b. Shaikh (famous as Mufeed-e-Saani)[23], who heard from 24. the son of Shaikh Toosi, who heard from, 25. his father Abu Jaafar Muhammad b. Hasan Toosi[24] who has written in his book ‘Misbaah al-Mutahajjid’ that, ‘Muhammad b. Ismael b. Baazee[25] heard from Saalih b. Uqbah who heard from his father Uqbah b. Qais b. Samaan who heard from Imam Muhammad Baqir (a.s.) who said: ‘One who visits Imam Husain (a.s.) on the 10th of Muharram and laments on his grave, will be presented in front of Allah on the Day of Judgment such that he will get the reward of two thousand Hajj, two thousand Umrah and two thousand Jihaad and the reward of each Hajj, Umrah and Jihaad will be such that he had performed it with the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) and the infallible Imams (a.s.).’ ‘Uqbah says, I said – may I be sacrificed upon you, what about the person who cannot reach the blessed grave and lives away from the city (Karbala)?’ ‘Imam (a.s.) replied: If this is the case, then he should go out in solitude or over the rooftop and face the grave of Imam Husain, send salutations on him (a.s.), excessively curse his killers, pray two units of prayers and perform these acts in the earlier part of the day, that is before noon. Thereafter, he should remember the calamities of Imam Husain (a.s.), lament over them and also order his family members to lament over Imam Husain (a.s.) (if he is not in Taqaiyya), recite elegies and do maatam to a great extent and express grief and sorrow and condole one another in the name of Imam Husain (a.s.).’ ‘Then he (a.s.) continued: if someone does this, then I guarantee that all those rewards will be for him and Allah will bestow him with all those rewards.’ ‘The narrator asked – may I be sacrificed on you, will you be the guarantor and caretaker for such a person? ‘Imam (a.s.) replied indeed, if the person does so, I will be his guarantor and caretaker.’ ‘The narrator says – I said – how should people condole one another? Imam (a.s.) replied – They should say, اَعْظَمَ اللہُ اُجُوْرَنَا بِمُصَابِنَا بِالْحُسَیْنِ  وَ جَعَلَنَا وَ اِيَّاكُمْ مِنَ الطَّالِبِيْنَ بِثَارِهٖ مَعَ وَلِيِّهِ الْاِمَامِ الْمَهْدِيِّ مِنْ آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَلَيْهِمُ السَّلَامُ. ‘May Allah increase our reward in the sorrow for Imam Husain (a.s.) and include us and you among those who will avenge his unjust killing with Imam Mahdi (a.s.)’ ‘And if it is possible, then he should not go out for any worldly matter because this is a very heartrending day and no wish will be fulfilled on this day and even if it is fulfilled, there will not be any blessings in it and there will not be any goodness seen from it. And none of you should purchase anything for your house on this day because if any one purchases anything for his house on this day, he will not see any blessing in it. He should neither purchase for himself nor for his family. And if he does so (not purchase) then Allah will give him the reward for thousand Hajj, thousand Umrah and thousand Jihaad performed with the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) and he will be rewarded with the reward of all the prophets, messengers, truthful ones and martyrs who sacrificed themselves in the way of Allah from the day the universe was created till the Day of Judgment.’ Saalih b. Uqbah and Saif b. Umairah say that Alqamah b. Muhammad Hazarami says that I said to Imam Baqir (a.s.) that you teach me a supplication that I can recite when I cannot visit Imam Husain (a.s.) and (can) send salutations on him from far. VISIT SERATONLINE.COM Imam (a.s.) informed, ‘O Alqamah! Send salutation facing the grave of Imam Husain (a.s.), recite two units of prayers and recite Takbeer while facing the grave, then recite the salutation which is in the form of a ziyaarat. If you do this, it will be as if you have recited that supplication which the angels visiting the grave recite. Allah will write for you a million grades and you will be enumerated among those who were martyred with Imam Husain (a.s.) and will be accounted along with the martyrs and be recognized with them and the reward of every Prophet, every Messenger and every visitor to the grave of Imam Husain (a.s.) from the day of his martyrdom till date will be written for you and that salutation is as follows: اَلسَّلَامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا أَبَا عَبْدِ اللَّهِ اَلسَّلَامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا ابْنَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ اَلسَّلَامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا ابْنَ أَمِيرِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَ ابْنَ سَيِّدِ الْوَصِيِّيْنَ اَلسَّلَامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا ابْنَ فَاطِمَةَ سَيِّدَةِ نِسَاءِ الْعَالَمِيْنَ اَلسَّلَامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا ثَارَ اللَّهِ وَ ابْنَ ثَارِهٖ وَ الْوِتْرَ الْمَوْتُوْرَ اَلسَّلَامُ عَلَيْكَ وَ عَلَى الْأَرْوَاحِ الَّتِيْ حَلَّتْ بِفِنَائِكَ عَلَيْكُمْ مِنِّيْ جَمِيْعًا سَلَامُ اللَّهِ أَبَدًا مَّا بَقِيْتُ وَ بَقِيَ اللَّيْلُ وَ النَّهَارُ يَا أَبَا عَبْدِ اللَّهِ لَقَدْ عَظُمَتِ الرَّزِيَّةُ وَ جَلَّتْ وَ عَظُمَتِ الْمُصِيْبَةُ بِكَ عَلَيْنَا وَ عَلٰى جَمِيْعِ أَهْلِ الْإِسْلَامِ وَ جَلَّتْ وَ عَظُمَتْ مُصِيْبَتُكَ فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ عَلٰى جَمِيْعِ أَهْلِ السَّمَاوَاتِ فَلَعَنَ اللَّهُ أُمَّةً أَسَّسَتْ أَسَاسَ الظُّلْمِ وَ الْجَوْرِ عَلَيْكُمْ أَهْلَ الْبَيْتِ وَ لَعَنَ اللَّهُ أُمَّةً دَفَعَتْكُمْ عَنْ مَقَامِكُمْ وَ أَزَالَتْكُمْ عَنْ مَرَاتِبِكُمُ الَّتِيْ رَتَّبَكُمُ اللَّهُ فِيْهَا وَ لَعَنَ اللَّهُ أُمَّةً قَتَلَتْكُمْ وَ لَعَنَ اللَّهُ الْمُمَهِّدِيْنَ لَهُمْ بِالتَّمْكِيْنِ مِنْ قِتَالِكُمْ بَرِئْتُ إِلَى اللَّهِ وَ إِلَيْكُمْ مِنْهُمْ وَ مِنْ أَشْيَاعِهِمْ وَ أَتْبَاعِهِمْ وَ أَوْلِيَائِهِمْ يَا أَبَا عَبْدِ اللَّهِ إِنِّيْ سِلْمٌ لِمَنْ سَالَمَكُمْ وَ حَرْبٌ لِمَنْ حَارَبَكُمْ إِلٰى يَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ وَ لَعَنَ اللَّهُ آلَ زِيَادٍ وَ آلَ مَرْوَانَ وَ لَعَنَ اللَّهُ بَنِيْ أُمَيَّةَ قَاطِبَةً وَ لَعَنَ اللَّهُ ابْنَ مَرْجَانَةَ وَ لَعَنَ اللَّهُ عُمَرَ بْنَ سَعْدٍ وَ لَعَنَ اللَّهُ شِمْرًا وَ لَعَنَ اللَّهُ أُمَّةً أَسْرَجَتْ وَ أَلْجَمَتْ وَ تَنَقَّبَتْ وَ تَهَيَّأَتْ لِقِتَالِكَ بِأَبِيْ أَنْتَ وَ أُمِّيْ لَقَدْ عَظُمَ مُصَابِيْ بِكَ فَأَسْأَلُ اللَّهَ الَّذِيْ أَكْرَمَ مَقَامَكَ وَ أَكْرَمَنِي بِكَ أَنْ يَرْزُقَنِيْ طَلَبَ ثَارِكَ مَعَ إِمَامٍ مَنْصُوْرٍ مِنْ أَهْلِ بَيْتِ مُحَمَّدٍ ﷺ اَللّٰهُمَّ اجْعَلْنِيْ عِنْدَكَ وَجِيهًا بِالْحُسَيْنِ فِي الدُّنْيَا وَ الْآخِرَةِ يَا أَبَا عَبْدِ اللَّهِ إِنِّي أَتَقَرَّبُ إِلَى اللَّهِ وَ إِلٰى رَسُولِهٖ وَ إِلٰى أَمِيْرِ الْمُؤْمِنِيْنَ وَ إِلٰى فَاطِمَةَ وَ إِلَى الْحَسَنِ وَ إِلَيْكَ بِمُوَالَاتِكَ وَ بِالْبَرَائَةِ مِمَّنْ قَاتَلَكَ وَ نَصَبَ لَكَ الْحَرْبَ وَ بِالْبَرَائَةِ مِمَّنْ أَسَّسَ أَسَاسَ الظُّلْمِ وَ الْجَوْرِ عَلَيْكُمْ وَ أَبْرَأُ إِلَى اللَّهِ وَ إِلٰى رَسُولِهٖ مِمَّنْ أَسَّسَ ذٰلِكَ وَ بَنٰى عَلَيْهِ بُنْيَانَهٗ وَ جَرٰى فِيْ ظُلَمِهٖ وَ جَوْرِهٖ عَلَيْكُمْ وَ عَلٰى أَشْيَاعِكُمْ‏ بَرِئْتُ إِلَى اللَّهِ وَ إِلَيْكُمْ مِنْهُمْ وَ أَتَقَرَّبُ إِلَى اللَّهِ ثُمَّ إِلَيْكُمْ بِمُوَالَاتِكُمْ وَ مُوَالَاةِ وَلِيِّكُمْ وَ بِالْبَرَائَةِ مِنْ أَعْدَائِكُمْ وَ النَّاصِبِيْنَ لَكُمُ الْحَرْبَ وَ بِالْبَرَائَةِ مِنْ أَشْيَاعِهِمْ وَ أَتْبَاعِهِمْ إِنِّي سِلْمٌ لِمَنْ سَالَمَكُمْ وَ حَرْبٌ لِمَنْ حَارَبَكُمْ وَ وَلِيٌّ لِمَنْ وَالَاكُمْ وَ عَدُوٌّ لِمَنْ عَادَاكُمْ فَأَسْأَلُ اللَّهَ الَّذِيْ أَكْرَمَنِيْ بِمَعْرِفَتِكُمْ وَ مَعْرِفَةِ أَوْلِيَائِكُمْ وَ رَزَقَنِي الْبَرَائَةَ مِنْ أَعْدَائِكُمْ أَنْ يَجْعَلَنِيْ مَعَكُمْ فِي الدُّنْيَا وَ الْآخِرَةِ وَ أَنْ يُّثَبِّتَ لِيْ عِنْدَكُمْ قَدَمَ صِدْقٍ فِي الدُّنْيَا وَ الْآخِرَةِ وَ أَسْأَلُهٗ أَنْ يُّبَلِّغَنِيَ الْمَقَامَ الْمَحْمُودَ لَكُمْ عِنْدَ اللَّهِ وَ أَنْ يَّرْزُقَنِيْ طَلَبَ ثَارِيْ مَعَ إِمَامٍ ہُدًی ظَاهِرٍ نَاطِقٍ بِالْحَقِّ مِنْكُمْ وَ أَسْأَلُ اللَّهَ بِحَقِّكُمْ وَ بِالشَّأْنِ الَّذِي لَكُمْ عِنْدَهٗ أَنْ يُّعْطِيَنِيْ بِمُصَابِيْ بِكُمْ أَفْضَلَ مَا يُعْطِيْ مُصَابًا بِمُصِيْبَتِهٖ مُصِيْبَةً مَا أَعْظَمَهَا وَ أَعْظَمَ رَزِيَّتَهَا فِي الْإِسْلَامِ وَ فِيْ جَمِيْعِ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَ الْأَرْضِ اَللّٰهُمَّ اجْعَلْنِيْ فِي مَقَامِيْ هٰذَا مِمَّنْ تَنَالُهٗ مِنْكَ صَلَوَاتٌ وَّ رَحْمَةٌ وَّ مَغْفِرَةٌ اَللّٰهُمَّ اجْعَلْ مَحْيَايَ مَحْيَا مُحَمَّدٍ وَّ آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ وَ مَمَاتِي مَمَاتَ مُحَمَّدٍ وَّ آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ اَللّٰهُمَّ إِنَّ هٰذَا يَوْمٌ تَبَرَّكَتْ بِهٖ بَنُوْ أُمَيَّةَ وَ ابْنُ آكِلَةِ الْأَكْبَادِ اللَّعِيْنُ بْنُ اللَّعِيْنِ عَلٰى لِسَانِ نَبِيِّكَ ﷺ فِي كُلِّ مَوْطِنٍ وَ مَوْقِفٍ وَقَفَ فِيْهِ نَبِيُّكَ صَلَوَاتُكَ عَلَيْهِ وَ آلِهٖ اَللّٰهُمَّ الْعَنْ أَبَا سُفْيَانَ وَ مُعَاوِيَةَ وَ يَزِيدَ بْنَ مُعَاوِيَةَ عَلَيْهِمْ مِنْكَ اللَّعْنَةُ أَبَدَ الْآبِدِيْنَ وَ هٰذَا يَوْمٌ فَرِحَتْ بِهٖ آلُ زِيَادٍ وَ آلُ مَرْوَانَ بِقَتْلِهِمُ الْحُسَيْنَ صَلَوَاتُ اللَّهِ عَلَيْهِ اَللّٰهُمَّ فَضَاعِفْ عَلَيْهِمُ اللَّعْنَ مِنْكَ وَ الْعَذَابَ اَللّٰهُمَّ إِنِّي أَتَقَرَّبُ إِلَيْكَ فِي هٰذَا الْيَوْمِ وَ فِي مَوْقِفِيْ هٰذَا وَ أَيَّامِ حَيَاتِيْ بِالْبَرَائَةِ مِنْهُمْ وَ اللَّعْنَةِ عَلَيْهِمْ وَ بِالْمُوَالَاةِ لِنَبِيِّكَ وَ آلِ نَبِيِّكَ عَلَیْہِمُ السَّلَامُ Then say (100 times): اَللّٰهُمَّ الْعَنْ أَوَّلَ ظَالِمٍ ظَلَمَ حَقَّ مُحَمَّدٍ وَ آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ وَ آخِرَ تَابِعٍ لَهٗ عَلٰى ذٰلِكَ اَللّٰهُمَّ الْعَنِ الْعِصَابَةَ الَّتِيْ جَاهَدَتِ الْحُسَيْنَ وَ شَايَعَتْ وَ بَايَعَتْ وَ تَابَعَتْ عَلٰى قَتْلِهٖ اَللّٰهُمَّ الْعَنْهُمْ جَمِيْعًا Then say (100 times): اَلسَّلَامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا أَبَا عَبْدِ اللَّهِ وَ عَلَى الْأَرْوَاحِ الَّتِيْ حَلَّتْ بِفِنَائِكَ عَلَيْكَ مِنِّيْ سَلَامُ اللَّهِ اَبَدًا مَّا بَقِيْتُ وَ بَقِيَ اللَّيْلُ وَ النَّهَارُ وَ لَا جَعَلَهُ اللَّهُ آخِرَ الْعَهْدِ مِنِّيْ لِزِيَارَتِكَ اَلسَّلَامُ عَلَى الْحُسَيْنِ وَ عَلٰى عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ وَ عَلٰی اَوْلَادِ الْحُسَیْنِ وَ عَلٰى أَصْحَابِ الْحُسَيْنِ Then say: اَللّٰهُمَّ خُصَّ أَنْتَ أَوَّلَ ظَالِمٍ بِاللَّعْنِ مِنِّي وَ ابْدَأْ بِهٖ أَوَّلًا ثُمَّ الثَّانِيَ ثُمَّ الثَّالِثَ ثُمَّ الرَّابِعَ اَللّٰهُمَّ الْعَنْ يَزِيدَ خَامِسًا وَ الْعَنْ عُبَيْدَ اللَّهِ بْنَ زِيَادٍ وَ ابْنَ مَرْجَانَةَ وَ عُمَرَ بْنَ سَعْدٍ وَ شِمْرًا وَ آلَ أَبِيْ سُفْيَانَ وَ آلَ زِيَادٍ وَ آلَ مَرْوَانَ إِلٰى يَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ Recite in prostration: اَللّٰهُمَّ لَكَ الْحَمْدُ حَمْدَ الشَّاكِرِيْنَ لَكَ عَلٰى مُصَابِهِمْ اَلْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ عَلٰى عَظِيْمِ رَزِيَّتِيْ اَللّٰهُمَّ ارْزُقْنِيْ شَفَاعَةَ الْحُسَيْنِ ؑ يَوْمَ الْوُرُوْدِ وَ ثَبِّتْ لِيْ قَدَمَ صِدْقٍ عِنْدَكَ مَعَ الْحُسَيْنِ وَ أَصْحَابِ الْحُسَيْنِ الَّذِيْنَ بَذَلُوْا مُهَجَهُمْ دُوْنَ الْحُسَيْنِ ؑ Alqamah says – Imam (a.s.) instructed, ‘If possible, recite this ziyaarat daily so that all this reward may be written for you.’ Then Shaikh Toosi (r.a.) says, “Muhammad b. Khalid Tailani narrates from Saif b. Umairah who says that I started to travel towards Najaf along with Safwan b. Sahraan Jammaal and a few companions, after Imam Sadiq’s (a.s.) departure from Heera to Medina. After completing the Ziyaarat of Ameerul Momineen (a.s.) Safwaan b. Sahraan turned his face towards the grave of Sayyid al-Shohada – Imam Husain (a.s.) and said that we should sent salutations on Imam Husain (a.s.) from the side of the holy head of Ali (a.s.) as Imam Sadiq (a.s.) has also done the same thing while I was there in his presence. Saif b. Umairah says, ‘Then Safwaan recited the same Ziyaarat (of Ashoora) which Alqamah had narrated from Imam Baqir (a.s.) regarding the day of Aashoora. He recited two units of prayers near the holy head of Ameerul Momineen (a.s.) and after the prayer bid farewell to Ameerul Momineen (a.s.), then faced the grave of Imam Husain (a.s.) and bid farewell after salutations and Ziyaarat and from the supplications which he recited, one was as follows: يَا اللَّهُ يَا اللَّهُ يَا اللَّهُ يَا مُجِيبَ دَعْوَةِ الْمُضْطَرِّينَ يَا كَاشِفَ كُرَبِ الْمَكْرُوبِينَ يَا غِيَاثَ الْمُسْتَغِيثِينَ وَ يَا صَرِيخَ الْمُسْتَصْرِخِينَ يَا مَنْ هُوَ أَقْرَبُ إِلَيَّ مِنْ حَبْلِ الْوَرِيدِ وَ يَا مَنْ يَحُولُ بَيْنَ الْمَرْءِ وَ قَلْبِهٖ يَا مَنْ هُوَ بِالْمَنْظَرِ الْأَعْلَى وَ بِالْأُفُقِ الْمُبِينِ وَ يَا مَنْ هُوَ الرَّحْمٰنُ الرَّحِيمُ عَلَى الْعَرْشِ اسْتَوى وَ يَا مَنْ يَعْلَمُ خائِنَةَ الْأَعْيُنِ وَ ما تُخْفِي الصُّدُورُ وَ يَا مَنْ لَا تَخْفَى عَلَيْهِ خَافِيَةٌ وَ يَا مَنْ لَا تَشْتَبِهُ عَلَيْهِ الْأَصْوَاتُ وَ يَا مَنْ لَا تُغَلِّطُهُ الْحَاجَاتُ وَ يَا مَنْ لَا يُبْرِمُهٗ إِلْحَاحُ الْمُلِحِّينَ يَا مُدْرِكَ كُلِّ فَوْتٍ وَ يَا جَامِعَ كُلِّ شَمْلٍ وَ يَا بَارِئَ النُّفُوسِ بَعْدَ الْمَوْتِ يَا مَنْ هُوَ كُلَّ يَوْمٍ فِي شَأْنٍ يَا قَاضِيَ الْحَاجَاتِ يَا مُنَفِّسَ الْكُرُبَاتِ يَا مُعْطِيَ السُّؤَالَاتِ يَا وَلِيَّ الرَّغَبَاتِ يَا كَافِيَ الْمُهِمَّاتِ يَا مَنْ يَكْفِي مِنْ كُلِّ شَيْ‏ءٍ وَ لَا يَكْفِي مِنْهُ شَيْءٌ فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَ الْأَرْضِ أَسْأَلُكَ بِحَقِّ مُحَمَّدٍ وَ عَلِيٍّ وَ بِحَقِّ فَاطِمَةَ بِنْتِ نَبِيِّكَ وَ بِحَقِّ الْحَسَنِ وَ الْحُسَيْنِ فَإِنِّي بِهِمْ أَتَوَجَّهُ إِلَيْكَ فِي مَقَامِي هٰذَا وَ بِهِمْ أَتَوَسَّلُ وَ بِهِمْ أَتَشَفَّعُ إِلَيْكَ وَ بِحَقِّهِمْ أَسْأَلُكَ وَ أُقْسِمُ وَ أَعْزِمُ عَلَيْكَ وَ بِالشَّأْنِ الَّذِي لَهُمْ عِنْدَكَ وَ بِالْقَدْرِ الَّذِيْ لَهُمْ عِنْدَكَ وَ بِالَّذِي فَضَّلْتَهُمْ عَلَى الْعَالَمِينَ وَ بِاسْمِكَ الَّذِيْ جَعَلْتَهٗ عِنْدَهُمْ وَ بِهٖ خَصَصْتَهُمْ دُونَ الْعَالَمِينَ وَ بِهٖ أَبَنْتَهُمْ وَ أَبَنْتَ فَضْلَهُمْ مِنْ فَضْلِ الْعَالَمِينَ حَتّٰى فَاقَ فَضْلُهُمْ فَضْلَ الْعَالَمِينَ أَنْ تُصَلِّيَ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَ آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ وَ أَنْ تَكْشِفَ عَنِّي غَمِّي وَ هَمِّيْ وَ كَرْبِي وَ تَكْفِيَنِي الْمُهِمَّ مِنْ أُمُورِيْ وَ تَقْضِيَ عَنِّيْ دَيْنِيْ وَ تُجِيْرَنِيْ مِنَ الْفَقْرِ وَ تُجِيرَنِيْ مِنَ الْفَاقَةِ وَ تُغْنِيَنِيْ عَنِ الْمَسْأَلَةِ إِلَى الْمَخْلُوقِينَ وَ تَكْفِيَنِيْ هَمَّ مَنْ أَخَافُ هَمَّهٗ وَ عُسْرَ مَنْ أَخَافُ عُسْرَهٗ وَ حُزُونَةَ مَنْ أَخَافُ حُزُونَتَهٗ وَ شَرَّ مَنْ أَخَافُ شَرَّهٗ وَ مَكْرَ مَنْ أَخَافُ مَكْرَهٗ وَ بَغْيَ مَنْ أَخَافُ بَغْيَهٗ وَ جَوْرَ مَنْ أَخَافُ جَوْرَهٗ وَ سُلْطَانَ مَنْ أَخَافُ سُلْطَانَهٗ وَ كَيْدَ مَنْ أَخَافُ كَيْدَهٗ وَ مَقْدُرَةَ مَنْ أَخَافُ مَقْدُرَتَهٗ عَلَيَّ وَ تَرُدَّ عَنِّيْ كَيْدَ الْكَيَدَةِ وَ مَكْرَ الْمَكَرَةِ اَللّٰهُمَّ مَنْ أَرَادَنِي فَأَرِدْهُ وَ مَنْ كَادَنِي فَكِدْهُ وَ اصْرِفْ عَنِّي كَيْدَهٗ وَ مَكْرَهٗ وَ بَأْسَهٗ وَ أَمَانِيَّهٗ وَ امْنَعْهُ عَنِّيْ كَيْفَ شِئْتَ وَ أَنَّى شِئْتَ اَللّٰهُمَّ اشْغَلْهُ عَنِّي بِفَقْرٍ لَا تَجْبُرُهٗ وَ بِبَلَاءٍ لَا تَسْتُرُهٗ وَ بِفَاقَةٍ لَا تَسُدُّهَا وَ بِسُقْمٍ لَا تُعَافِيْهِ وَ ذُلٍّ لَا تُعِزُّهٗ وَ بِمَسْكَنَةٍ لَا تَجْبُرُهَا اَللّٰهُمَّ اضْرِبْ بِالذُّلِّ نَصْبَ عَيْنَيْهِ وَ أَدْخِلْ عَلَيْهِ الْفَقْرَ فِي مَنْزِلِهٖ وَ الْعِلَّةَ وَ السُّقْمَ فِي بَدَنِهٖ حَتّٰى تَشْغَلَهٗ عَنِّيْ بِشُغْلٍ شَاغِلٍ لَا فَرَاغَ لَهٗ وَ أَنْسِهٖ ذِكْرِي كَمَا أَنْسَيْتَهٗ ذِكْرَكَ وَ خُذْ عَنِّيْ بِسَمْعِهٖ وَ بَصَرِهٖ وَ لِسَانِهٖ وَ يَدِهٖ وَ رِجْلِهٖ وَ قَلْبِهٖ وَ جَمِيْعِ جَوَارِحِهٖ وَ أَدْخِلْ عَلَيْهِ فِيْ جَمِيْعِ ذٰلِكَ السُّقْمَ وَ لَا تَشْفِهٖ حَتّٰى تَجْعَلَ ذٰلِكَ شُغْلًا شَاغِلًا بِهٖ عَنِّي وَ عَنْ ذِكْرِيْ وَ اكْفِنِي يَا كَافِيَ مَا لَا يَكْفِي سِوَاكَ فَإِنَّكَ الْكَافِي لَا كَافِيَ سِوَاكَ وَ مُفَرِّجٌ لَا مُفَرِّجَ سِوَاكَ وَ مُغِيثٌ لَا مُغِيثَ سِوَاكَ وَ جَارٌ لَا جَارَ سِوَاكَ خَابَ مَنْ كَانَ جَارُهٗ سِوَاكَ وَ مُغِيثُهٗ سِوَاكَ وَ مَفْزَعُهٗ إِلٰى سِوَاكَ وَ مَهْرَبُهٗ وَ مَلْجَاهُ إِلٰى غَيْرِكَ وَ مَنْجَاهُ مِنْ مَخْلُوقٍ غَيْرِكَ فَأَنْتَ ثِقَتِيْ وَ رَجَائِيْ وَ مَفْزَعِيْ وَ مَهْرَبِيْ وَ مَلْجَائِيْ وَ مَنْجَايَ فَبِكَ أَسْتَفْتِحُ وَ بِكَ أَسْتَنْجِحُ وَ بِمُحَمَّدٍ وَ آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ أَتَوَجَّهُ إِلَيْكَ وَ أَتَوَسَّلُ وَ أَتَشَفَّعُ فَأَسْأَلُكَ يَا اللَّهُ يَا اللَّهُ يَا اللَّهُ بِحَقِّ مُحَمَّدٍ وَ آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ أَنْ تُصَلِّيَ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَ آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ وَ أَنْ تَكْشِفَ عَنِّي غَمِّي وَ هَمِّي وَ كَرْبِي فِي مَقَامِي هٰذَا كَمَا كَشَفْتَ عَنْ نَبِيِّكَ هَمَّهٗ وَ غَمَّهٗ وَ كَرْبَهٗ وَ كَفَيْتَهٗ هَوْلَ عَدُوِّهٖ فَاكْشِفْ عَنِّي كَمَا كَشَفْتَ عَنْهُ وَ فَرِّجْ عَنِّي كَمَا فَرَّجْتَ عَنْهُ وَ اكْفِنِي كَمَا كَفَيْتَهٗ وَ اصْرِفْ عَنِّي هَوْلَ مَا أَخَافُ هَوْلَهٗ وَ مَئُونَةَ مَا أَخَافُ مَئُونَتَهٗ وَ هَمَّ مَا أَخَافُ هَمَّهٗ بِلَا مَئُونَةٍ عَلَى نَفْسِي مِنْ ذٰلِكَ وَ اصْرِفْنِي بِقَضَاءِ حَوَائِجِي وَ كِفَايَةِ مَا أَهَمَّنِي هَمُّهٗ مِنْ أَمْرِ آخِرَتِي وَ دُنْيَايَ يَا أَمِيرَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَ یَا اَبَا عَبْدِ اللہِ عَلَيْكُمَا مِنِّي سَلَامُ اللَّهِ أَبَدًا بَقِيْتُ وَ بَقِيَ اللَّيْلُ وَ النَّهَارُ وَ لَا جَعَلَهُ اللَّهُ آخِرَ الْعَهْدِ مِنْ زِيَارَتِكُمَا وَ لَا فَرَّقَ اللَّهُ بَيْنِي وَ بَيْنَكُمَا اَللّٰهُمَّ أَحْيِنِي حَيَاةَ مُحَمَّدٍ وَ ذُرِّيَّتِهٖ وَ أَمِتْنِي مَمَاتَهُمْ وَ تَوَفَّنِي عَلَى مِلَّتِهِمْ وَ احْشُرْنِي فِي زُمْرَتِهِمْ وَ لَا تُفَرِّقْ بَيْنِي وَ بَيْنَهُمْ طَرْفَةَ عَيْنٍ أَبَدًا فِي الدُّنْيَا وَ الْآخِرَةِ يَا أَمِيرَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَ يَا أَبَا عَبْدِ اللَّهِ أَتَيْتُكُمَا زَائِرًا وَ مُتَوَسِّلًا إِلَى اللَّهِ رَبِّي وَ رَبِّكُمَا مُتَوَجِّهًا إِلَيْهِ (بِكُمَا وَ مُسْتَشْفِعًا بِكُمَا) إِلَى اللَّهِ فِي حَاجَتِي هَذِهٖ فَاشْفَعَا لِي فَإِنَّ لَكُمَا عِنْدَ اللَّهِ الْمَقَامَ الْمَحْمُودَ وَ الْجَاهَ الْوَجِيهَ وَ الْمَنْزِلَ الرَّفِيعَ وَ الْوَسِيلَةَ إِنِّي أَنْقَلِبُ عَنْكُمَا مُنْتَظِرًا لِتَنَجُّزِ الْحَاجَةِ وَ قَضَائِهَا وَ نَجَاحِهَا مِنَ اللَّهِ بِشَفَاعَتِكُمَا لِي إِلَى اللَّهِ فِي ذٰلِكَ فَلَا أَخِيبُ وَ لَا يَكُونُ مُنْقَلَبِي مُنْقَلَبًا خَائِبًا خَاسِرًا بَلْ يَكُونُ مُنْقَلَبِي مُنْقَلَبًا رَاجِحًا مُفْلِحًا مُنْجِحًا مُسْتَجَابًا لِيْ بِقَضَاءِ جَمِيعِ حَوَائِجِي وَ تَشْفَعَا لِيْ إِلَى اللَّهِ اِنْقَلَبْتُ عَلَى مَا شَاءَ اللَّهُ وَ لَا حَوْلَ وَ لَا قُوَّةَ إِلَّا بِاللَّهِ مُفَوِّضًا أَمْرِي إِلَى اللَّهِ مُلْجِئًا ظَهْرِي إِلَى اللَّهِ وَ مُتَوَكِّلًا عَلَى اللَّهِ وَ أَقُولُ حَسْبِيَ اللَّهُ وَ كَفَى سَمِعَ اللَّهُ لِمَنْ دَعَا لَيْسَ لِي وَرَاءَ اللَّهِ وَ وَرَاءَكُمْ يَا سَادَتِي مُنْتَهًى مَا شَاءَ رَبِّي كَانَ وَ مَا لَمْ يَشَأْ لَمْ يَكُنْ وَ لَا حَوْلَ وَ لَا قُوَّةَ إِلَّا بِاللَّهِ أَسْتَوْدِعُكُمَا اللَّهَ وَ لَا جَعَلَهُ اللَّهُ آخِرَ الْعَهْدِ مِنِّي إِلَيْكُمَا انْصَرَفْتُ يَا سَيِّدِي يَا أَمِيرَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَ مَوْلَايَ وَ أَنْتَ يَا أَبَا عَبْدِ اللَّهِ يَا سَيِّدِي وَ سَلَامِي عَلَيْكُمَا مُتَّصِلٌ مَا اتَّصَلَ اللَّيْلُ وَ النَّهَارُ وَاصِلٌ ذٰلِكَ إِلَيْكُمَا غَيْرُ مَحْجُوبٍ عَنْكُمَا سَلَامِي إِنْ شَاءَ اللَّهُ وَ أَسْأَلُهٗ بِحَقِّكُمَا أَنْ يَشَاءَ ذٰلِكَ وَ يَفْعَلَ فَإِنَّهٗ حَمِيدٌ مَجِيدٌ انْقَلَبْتُ يَا سَيِّدِيْ عَنْكُمَا تَائِبًا حَامِدًا لِلَّهِ شَاكِرًا رَاجِيًا لِلْإِجَابَةِ غَيْرَ آيِسٍ وَ لَا قَانِطٍ آئِبًا عَائِدًا رَاجِعًا إِلٰى زِيَارَتِكُمَا غَيْرَ رَاغِبٍ عَنْكُمَا وَ لَا مِنْ زِيَارَتِكُمَا بَلْ رَاجِعٌ عَائِدٌ إِنْ شَاءَ اللَّهُ وَ لَا حَوْلَ وَ لَا قُوَّةَ إِلَّا بِاللَّهِ يَا سَادَتِي رَغِبْتُ إِلَيْكُمَا وَ إِلٰى زِيَارَتِكُمَا بَعْدَ أَنْ زَهِدَ فِيكُمَا وَ فِي زِيَارَتِكُمَا أَهْلُ الدُّنْيَا فَلَا خَيَّبَنِيَ اللَّهُ مِمَّا رَجَوْتُ وَ مَا أَمَّلْتُ فِي زِيَارَتِكُمَا إِنَّهٗ قَرِيبٌ مُجِيبٌ. Saif b. Umairah says that I asked Safwaan – Alqamah b. Muhammad has not narrated this supplication from Imam Baqir (a.s.), rather he has only narrated the Ziyaarat.’ Safwaan replied, ‘I had visited this place along with Imam Sadiq (a.s.) then he (a.s.) had performed the same actions which I have repeated and recited the same Ziyaarat and supplication which I have recited now. Thereafter, he (a.s.) recited two units of prayers as we recited and bid farewell in the same manner as we did. Safwaan informed me – Imam Sadiq (a.s.) instructed me to be regular with this Ziyaarat and to keep reciting this supplication as – I am the guarantor for the one who recite this Ziyaarat and supplication either from near or far such that: 1. his prayers will be answered 2. his effort will be rewarded 3. his salutations will be accepted 4. his wishes will be fulfilled 5. his position will be elevated and he will not become hopeless O Safwaan, I have heard this Ziyaarat from my father Imam Baqir (a.s.) who heard from his father Imam Zainul Aabideen (a.s.) who heard from his father Imam Husain (a.s.) who narrated from his brother Imam Hasan (a.s.) who heard from his father Ameerul Momineen (a.s.) who heard from the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) who heard from Jibrail (a.s.) who received it from Allah and Allah has sworn by His Holy Being that whoever recites the Ziyaarat and supplication either from near or far, then I will accept his Ziyaarat and fulfill all his wishes and he will not return from My Presence hopeless but will go back as the one freed of hell, wishes fulfilled and deserving of heaven and if he intercedes on behalf of someone then I will accept it too and also said that except the enemies of Ahle Bait (a.s.) (since none’s intercession will be accepted in their favor) as Allah has said swearing by His Holy Being and made us a witness over it and even the angels of the heaven are a witness over this. Jibrail (a.s.) says, ‘O Messenger of Allah, Allah has sent me to give this glad tiding to you, Ali, Faatemah, Hasan and Husain (a.s.) and their progeny which will be a cause of happiness for you, them and your Shias.’ Safwan says that after this Imam Sadiq (a.s.) advised me, ‘O Safwan, whenever you need anything, then recite this Ziyaarat from wherever you wish and recite the supplication and then seek your wishes from Allah, it will definitely be fulfilled and Allah will not violate His Promise to the messenger.’ Ziyaarat is a Golden ChainThe chain of narration of the tradition, ‘Kalimato laa Ilaaha Illallahi Hisni’ is called as Silsilah al-Zahab – the Golden Chain (whose chain of narrators are valuable, evident and illuminated) on account of its pure and holy chain of narrators, which Imam Reza (a.s.) has narrated from his forefathers – which is also said to be Hadees-e-Qudsi. Then is calling the tradition of Ziyaarat-e-Aashoora, which is connected to Allah through infallibles (a.s.) and from infallibles through eminent personalities, which include jurists, traditionalists, and is also Hadees-e-Qudsi, as the Golden Chain, inappropriate? Absolutely not! This Ziyaarat is among the Hadees-e-Qudsi which has reached the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) from Allah through Jibrail (a.s.) in sequential order of Ziyaarat, curse, salutations and supplication and based on experience if recited regularly for 40 days or less, is unmatched in having wishes fulfilled, calamities solved and enemies repelled. Therefore, believers should make it a part of their lives and recite it daily so that they themselves witness its blessings. May Allah grant us success in praying for the earliest reappearance of Imam Mahdi (a.t.f.s.), the avenger of Imam Husain’s (a.s.) blood, and include us among his companions. [1] The late Aga-e-Buzurg-e-Tehraani in his book Noqabaa al-Bashar says about him: He was among the great Imamite jurist and was among the students of Shaikh Murtuza Ansaari, the author of Jawaahir and Shaikh Muhammad Husain Kaashif al-Ghita. Bidaayat al-Anaam fee Sharhe Sharaae Islam is one of his best books and also served as the source of his notes. [2] Famous as Shaikh Ansaari to whom the author has devoted more than a page praising him and enumerating his various titles, which are beyond the topic of discussion. He is enumerated among the greatest Shia jurist. After the author of Jawaahir, i.e. from 1266 AH he held the status of the general jurist (Marja-e-Mutlaq) and expired in 1282 AH. One of his most important books ‘Faraaidul Usool’ which is famous as ‘Rasaail’ continues to be a reference book for the Islamic seminaries of Qum, Najaf, Syria and India. [3] He was the son of Mulla Mahdi and has written numerous books on jurisprudence and beliefs. One of the definitive books on morals and ethics, ‘Meraaj al-Saadaat’ is his work. [4] His father was Murtuza b. Muhammad b. Abdul Kareem Hasani Tabatabaai. Allamah Bahrul Uloom was a great jurist of his time and was born in 1155 AH in Karbala and expired in 1212 AH in Najaf. Many miraculous incidents are narrated involving him. [5] His father was Shailkh Muhammad Akmal Isfahaani and in the Book of Permissions, he is termed as the Complete Teacher. He was born in 1117 AH in Isfaahan and expired in 1205 AH in Karbala. He revived jurisprudence and completely uprooted the Akhbaaris. He is famous among jurists as ‘Aqa’, therefore his progeny is called as ‘Aale Aaqa’. [6] He is the son of Mulla Muhammad Taqi Majlisi (the first). He was born in 1038 AH in Isfahaan and expired in 1110 or 1111 AH in Isfahaan. He needs no introduction. He has written more than a hundred books, the most famous of which is ‘Behaar al-Anwaar’. [7] His father was Maqsood Ali. He was born in 1003 AH and expired in 1080 AH. Muhammad Taqi Majlisi was among the great Shia jurists and as per the narration of Aga Waheed Bahbahaani, Muhammad Taqi Majlisi himself says that he had gained knowledge of jurisprudence, traditions and Quran at the age of four years under the care of his father. [8] He was born in 953 AH in Baalabak and expired in 1030 AH in Isfahan. His corpse was transported to Mashhad. As per narration, he has written 88 books. [9] His full name was Aza al-Deen Husain b. Abdul al-Samad JabaI Aamili Haarisi Hamadani. He was among the students of Shaheed-e-Saani. He was born in 922 AH and expired in 984 AH in Bahrain. He has also written numerous books. [10] He was born in 911 AH in a place in Jabal Aamil called Jamaj and attained martyrdom in 966 AH. He has written many books among which ‘Rauzah al-Bahimiyya’ (taught in Qum, Najaf, Syria seminaries, among others) and ‘Masaalik al-Afhaam are famous. [11] Jamaaluddin Ahmad b. Shamsuddin Muhammad b. Khaatoon Aamili Inaayi has narrated from his father and Shaheed-e-Saani has narrated from him. [12] He was born in 940 AH in Najaf and was the Chief Justice of Iran. He has written important books like ‘Jaame al-Maqaasid’, ‘Sharh al-Feeh’, ‘Haashiyya-e-Sharaae al-Islam’ among others. [13] Sheikh Zainuddin Ali b. Hilaal Jazaairi was a jurist. Muhaqqiq-e-Karki (the second) in his Document of Permission has mentioned him as Shaikhul Islam and Faqeeh-e-Ahle Bait. [14] Abul Abbas Jamaal b. Ahmad b. Muhammad b. Fahd Hilli was among the noted Shia jurists. He was born in 757 AH in Hilla and expired in 841 AH in Karbala. Among his books are ‘Al Mazhab’, ‘Al Maujaz’, ‘Al Tahreer’, ‘Uddah al-Daaee’. [15] Shaikh Hurr-e-Aamili in his book Tazkirah al-Mumtajireen has mentioned him as a scholar, worshipper, virtuous and among the students of Shaheed-e-Awwal. Ahmad b. Fahd Hilli has narrated this tradition from him. [16] Abu Abdullah Shamsuddin Muhammad b. Makki b. Haamid b. Ahmad Damishqi Nabati Aamili is famous among scholars as Shaheed-e-Awwal. He was born in 734 AH and attained martyrdom in 784 AH. He was accused of being a Shia exaggerator and imprisoned for a year and then killed. His corpse was then stoned and later burnt. His wife Umme Ali and daughter were also experts in jurisprudence especially in matters pertaining to women. His son is also enumerated among great jurists. ‘Al Feeh’, ‘Ghaayah Muraad’, ‘Qawaaid al-Kulliya’, ‘Al Lumaah al-Damishqiyyah, ‘Duroos’, ‘Bayaan’, ‘Zikraa’ are some of his famous books. [17] He was the son of Allama Hilli, famous as ‘Fakhrul Muhaqiqeen’. He was among the famous jurists and is the author of invaluable books. Shahhed-e-Awwal in his Document of Permission has praised him. [18] Hasan b. Yusuf b. Mutahhar Hilli, famous as Allamah Hilli was born on 29th Ramazan 648 AH and expired on 11th or 21st Muharram 726 AH. He was a great jurist, theologian and doctor. He was the student of Khwaja Naseeruddin Tusi, Muhaqqiq-e-Hilli and Sayyad Ibne Taaoos among others. The Persian king Muhammad Al Jaitu accepted Shiaism through him. He expired in Hilla and is buried in the courtyard of Ameerul Momineen (a.s.) shrine at Najaf. He has written several important books and his service in the way of Allan and religion associated is legendary. [19] Muhaqqiq-e-Awwal, born in 602 AH and expired in 672 AH, was the teacher of Allamah Hilli. He was among the famous Shia jurists of his time, whose famous book ‘Sharaae al-Islam’ is taught in the seminaries even today. ‘Mukhtasar al-Naafe’, ‘Motabar’ and ‘Meraaj’ are his more important books. [20] Shaikh Hurr-e-Aamili has mentioned him as a scholar, litterateur and traditionalist. He has written a great book on the faith of Hazrat Abu Taalib (a.s.). [21] Abul Fazl Shaazaan b. Jibraeel b. Ismail Qummi has also written various books on jurisprudence. [22] Imaad al-Deen Muhammad b. Abul Qasim b. Muhammad b. Ali Tabari Aamili was a renowned Shia jurist, a reliable narrator and author of notable books. [23] He is the son of Shaikh Tusi. Shaikh Hurr-e-Aamili writes regarding him: He was knowledgeable, a scholar, a jurist, a traditionalist, reliable and author of various books among which ‘Sharh al-Nihaaya Aamaali’, ‘Murshid Ilaa Sabeele Ta’abbud’ are worth mentioning. [24] Shaikh Tusi is famous in all sects. He was born in 385 AH in Tus and expired in 460 AH in Najaf. He was a student of Shaikh Mufeed followed by Sayyid Murtaza. He was tortured in Baghdad and his house and library were set ablaze. He then migrated to Najaf and laid the foundation of the seminary over there. He is popular among the Shia jurists as ‘Shaikh al-Taaifah’. Regarding his books, it is enough to mention that among the four reliable Shia books, two books ‘Al-Istibsaar’ and ‘Tahzeeb al-Ahkaam’ are his works. Apart from these, his other works are also notable like Al-Fihrist, Al-Aamaali, Mabsoot, Uddah al-Usool, Nihaayah, Hidaayah al-Mustarshida, Al-Ghaibah, Al-Rijaal, Al-Khilaaf, Tafseer-e-Tibyaan, Misbaah al-Mutahajjid, through which Ziyaarat-e-Aashoora is narrated. [25] Shaikh Tusi has obtained the above tradition from the book of Muhammad b. Ismail b. Baazee and the Shaikh has mentioned his chain of authorities leading to Muhammad b. Ismail b. Baazee’s book in his Fihrist as follows: Ibn Abi Jid from Muhammad b. al-Hasan b. al-Waleed, from Ali b. Ibrahim, from Muhammad b. Ismail bin Baazee.
  17. http://theziyaratofashurah.wordpress.com/
  18. أَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا أَبَا عَبْدِ اللّٰهِ، أَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا بْنَ رَسُولِ اللّٰهِ، أَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا بْنَ أَمِيرِ الْـمُؤْمِنِينَ، وَابْنَ سَيِّدِ الْوَصِيِّينَ،أَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا بْنَ فَاطِمَةَ سَيِّدَةِ نِسآءِ الْعالَـمِينَ، Peace be upon you O’ Aba ‘Abdillah; Peace be upon you O’ son of the Messenger of Allah; Peace be upon you O’ son of the Commander of the Faithful and the son of the leader of the inheritors (of the Prophet); Peace be upon you O’ son of Fatimah, the leader of the women of the entire Universe. أَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا ثَارَ اللّٰهِ وَابْنَ ثَارِهِ وَالْوِتْرَ الْـمَوْتُورَ، أَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ وَعَلىٰ الأَرْوَاحِ الَّتِي حَلَّتْ بِفِنَآئِكَ Peace be upon you O’ the one who was killed and whose blood has not yet been avenged – and whose avenging is in the hands of Allah and peace be upon you, the son of one who was killed and whose blood has not yet been avenged (Imam ‘Ali b. Abi Talib) and peace be upon you O’ the one who was alone, an individual (killed). Peace be upon you and also upon those souls who accompanied you to your annihilation. عَلَيْكُمْ مِنِّي جَمِيعاً سَلاَمُ اللّٰهِ أَبَداً مَا بَقِيتُ وَبَقِيَ اللَّيْلُ وَالنَّهارُ، Upon you and upon all of those (who were killed) is the Salam of Allah from me for eternity, as long as the night and the day remain. يَا أَبَا عَبْدِ اللّٰهِ، لَقَدْ عَظُمَتِ الرَّزِيَّةُ وَجَلَّتْ وَعَظُمَتِ الْـمُصِيبَةُ بِكَ عَلَيْنَا وَعَلىٰ جَمِيعِ أَهْلِ الإِِسْلاَمِ وَجَلَّتْ وَعَظُمَتْ مُصِيبَتُكَ فِي السَّمٰوَاتِ عَلىٰ جَمِيعِ أَهْلِ السَّمٰوَاتِ، O’ Aba ‘Abdillah! Surely the tribulations are great and unbearable and your tragedy is great for us, and for all the people of Islam and unbearable and great is your tragedy in the heavens and for all of the dwellers of the heavens. فَلَعَنَ اللّٰهُ أُمَّةً أَسَّسَتْ أَسَاسَ الظُّلْمِ وَالْـجَوْرِ عَلَيْكُمْ أَهْلَ الْبَيْتِ May the curse (La’n) be upon those people who laid down the foundations for the oppression and wrongs done upon you, the family of the Prophet [Ahlul Bayt]. وَلَعَنَ اللّٰهُ أُمَّةً دَفَعَتْكُمْ عَنْ مَقَامِكُمْ وَأَزَالَتْكُمْ عَنْ مَرَاتِبِكُمُ الَّتِي رَتَّبَكُمُ اللّٰهُ فِيهَا May Allah curse those people who denied you your position (O’ Ahlul Bayt) and removed you from your rank which Allah himself had granted you. وَلَعَنَ اللّٰهُ أُمَّةً قَتَلَتْكُمْ، وَلَعَنَ اللّٰهُ الْـمُمَهِّدِينَ لَـهُمْ بِالتَّمْكِينِ مِنْ قِتَالِكُمْ May the curse of Allah be upon those people who killed you and may the curse of Allah be upon those people who made it easy for them by preparing the grounds of your killing. بَرِئْتُ إِلىٰ اللّٰهِ وَإِلَيْكُمْ مِنْهُمْ وَأَشْيَاعِهِمْ وَأَتْبَاعِهِمْ وَأَوْلِيَآئِهِمْ I turn to Allah and I turn towards you and turn away from them and their adherents, followers and friends. يَا أَبَا عَبْدِ اللّٰهِ، إِنِّي سِلْمٌ لـِمَنْ سالَـمَكُمْ، وَحَرْبٌ لـِمَنْ حَارَبَكُمْ إِلىٰ يَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ O’ Aba ‘Abdillah! I am at peace with those who make peace with you and I am at war with those who make war with you until the Day of Judgment. وَلَعَنَ اللّٰهُ آلَ زِيَادٍ وَآلَ مَرْوَانَ، وَلَعَنَ اللّٰهُ بَنِي أُمَيَّةَ قَاطِبَةً May the curse of Allah be upon the family of Ziyad and the family of Marwan and may the curse of Allah be upon Bani Umayyah. وَلَعَنَ اللّٰهُ ابْنَ مَرْجَانَةَ، وَلَعَنَ اللّٰهُ عُمَرَ بْنَ سَعْدٍ، وَلَعَنَ اللّٰهُ شِـمْراً، May the curse of Allah be upon Ibn Marjana and may the curse of Allah be upon ‘‘Umar b. Sa’ad and may the curse of Allah be upon Shimr. وَلَعَنَ اللّٰهُ أُمَّةً أَسْرَجَتْ وَأَلْـجَمَتْ وَتَنَقَّبَتْ لِقِتَالِكَ And may the curse of Allah be upon the nation that carried out, saw and were silent at your killing. بِأَبِي أَنْتَ وَأُمِّي، لَقَدْ عَظُمَ مُصَابِي بِكَ، فَأَسْأَلُ اللّٰهَ الَّذِي أَكْرَمَ مَقَامَكَ، وَأَكْرَمَنِي بِكَ، أَنْ يَرْزُقَنِي طَلَبَ ثَارِكَ مَعَ إِمَامٍ مَنْصُورٍ مِنْ أَهْلِ بَيْتِ مُحَمَّدٍ صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِهِ May my father and mother be sacrificed for you. Surely my sorrow for you is great and I pray to Allah who has honored your status and has also honoured me through you that He grant me the opportunity to seek your revenge with the victorious Imam from the family of Muhammad. أَللّٰهُمَّ اجْعَلْنِي عِنْدَكَ وَجِيهاً بِالْـحُسَيْنِ˛عَلَيهِ السَّلاَمُ فِي الدُّنْيَا وَالآخِرَةِ، O’ Allah! Make me worthy of respect with You through Husayn, peace be upon him, both in the transient world and also the next life. يَا أَبَا عَبْدِ اللّٰهِ، إِنِّي أَتَقَرَّبُ إِلىٰ اللّٰهِ، وَإِلىٰ رَسُولِهِ، وَإِلىٰ أَمِيرِ الْـمُؤْمِنِينَ، وَإِلىٰ فَاطِمَةَ، وَإِلىٰ الْـحَسَنِ، وَإِلَيْكَ بِـمُوَالاَتِكَ، وَبِالْبَرَاءَةِ مِـمَّـنْ قَاتَلَكَ، وَالْـجَوْرِ عَلَيْكُمْ وَأَبْرَأُ إِلىٰ اللّٰهِ وَإِلىٰ رَسُولِهِ مِـمَّنْ أَسَّسَ أَسَاسَ ذٰلِكَ وَ بَنىٰ عَلَيْهِ بُنْيَانَهُ، وَجَرىٰ فِي ظُلْمِهِ وَجَوْرِهِ عَلَيْكُمْ وَعَلىٰ أَشْيَاعِكُمْ، O’ Aba ‘Abdillah! Surely I seek closeness to Allah and to His Messenger and to the Commander of the Faithful and to Fatimah and to Hasan and to you through love of you and through distancing myself from those who laid the foundations and those who built upon and carried out oppression and cruelty upon you all and upon your followers. بَرِئْتُ إِلىٰ اللّٰهِ وَإِلَيْكُمْ مِنْهُمْ، وَأَتَقَرَّبُ إِلىٰ اللّٰهِ ثُمَّ إِلَيْكُمْ بِـمُوَالاَتِكُمْ وَمُوَالاَةِ وَلِيِّكُمْ، وَبِالْبَرَاءَةِ مِنْ أَعْدَائِكُمْ، وَالنَّاصِبِينَ لَكُمُ الْـحَرْبَ، وَبِالْبَرَاءَةِ مِنْ أَشْيَاعِهِمْ وَأَتْبَاعِهِمْ، I disassociate myself from them through Allah and through all of you and I seek nearness to Allah and then to you through love for you and your friends and disassociation with your enemies and from those who want to fight against you and disassociation from their adherents and followers. إِنِّي سِلْمٌ لـِمَنْ سَالَـمَكُمْ، وَحَرْبٌ لِـمَنْ حَارَبَكُمْ، وَوَلِيٌّ لـِمَنْ وَالاَكُمْ، وَعَدُوٌّ لِـمَنْ عَادَاكُمْ Surely I am at peace with those who are at peace with you and I am at war with those who are at war with you and I am a friends to those who are friends to you and I am an enemy to those who are enemies to you. فَأَسْأَلُ اللّٰهَ الَّذِي أَكْرَمَنِي بِـمَعْرِفَتِكُمْ، وَمَعْرِفَةِ أَوْلِيَآئِكُمْ، وَرَزَقَنِي الْبَرَاءَةَ مِنْ أَعْدَائِكُمْ، أَنْ يَـجْعَلَنِي مَعَكُمْ فِي الدُّنْيَا وَالآخِرَةِ، وَأَنْ يُثَبِّتَ لِي عِنْدَكُمْ قَدَمَ صِدْقٍ فِي الدُّنْيَا وَالآخِرَةِ، So then I ask Allah who has honoured me with a cognizance of all of you and a cognizance of your friends that He also grant me the opportunity to disassociate myself from your enemies and that He place me with you – both in the transient world and also in the next life – and that he make me firm in your presence with a truthful stance both in the transient world and also the next life. وَأَسْأَلُهُ أَنْ يُبَلِّغَنِي الْـمَقامَ الْـمَحْمُودَ لَكُمْ عِنْدَ اللّٰهِ، وَأَنْ يَرْزُقَنِي طَلَبَ ثَارِي مَعَ إِمَامِ هُدىً ظَاهِرٍ نَاطِقٍ بِالْـحَقِّ مِنْكُمْ And I ask Him (Allah) that He enables me to reach to the honoured station with you in the presence of Allah and that He grant me the ability to seek the revenge of you with the rightly guided Imam from you, who shall surely come and speak the truth. وَأَسْأَلُ اللّٰهَ بِـحَقِّكُمْ وَبِالشَّأْنِ الَّذِي لَكُمْ عِنْدَهُ أَنْ يُعْطِيَنِي بِـمُصَابِي بِكُمْ أَفْضَلَ مَا يُعْطِي مُصَاباً بِـمُصِيبَتِهِ، مُصِيبَةً مَا أَعْظَمَها وَأَعْظَمَ رَزِيَّتَهَا فِي الإِسْلاَمِ وَفِي جَمِيعِ السَّمٰوَاتِ وَالأَرْضِ And I ask Allah for your sake and for the status and rank which you have with Him that He grant me that thing due to me showing grief and sorrow at your sorrows even more than of that which he gives in a person’s own grief and sorrows, and what great sorrow and tragedies you faced! How great was your tragedy for Islam and for all of the inhabitants of the heavens and the Earth! أَللّٰهُمَّ اجْعَلْنِي فِي مَقَامِي هٰذَا مـِمَّنْ تَنَالُهُ مِنْكَ صَلَواتٌ وَرَحْمَةٌ وَمَغْفِرَةٌ، O’ Allah! Make me at this moment, one who receives from You prayers, mercy and forgiveness. أَللّٰهُمَّ اجْعَلْ مَـحْيَايَ مَـحْيَا مُحَمَّدٍ وَآلِ مُحَمَّدٍ، وَمَـمَاتِي مَـمَاتَ مُحَمَّدٍ وَآلِ مُحَمَّدٍ O’ Allah! Make me live the life of Muhammad and the family of Muhammad and permit me to die the death of Muhammad and the family of Muhammad. أَللّٰهُمَّ إِنَّ هٰذَا يَوْمٌ تَبَرَّكَتْ بِهِ بَنُو أُمَيَّةَ وَابْنُ آكِلَةِ الأَكْبَادِ، اللَّعِينُ ابْنُ اللَّعِينِ عَلىٰ لِسَانِكَ وَلِسَانِ نَبِيِّكَ فِي كُلِّ مَوْطِنٍ وَمَوْقِفٍ وَقَفَ فِيهِ نَبِيُّكَ O’ Allah! This is the day (the Day of ‘Ashura) which the Bani Umayyah rejoiced upon (and is the day when the) son of the liver eater (the son of Hind b. Abu Sufyan – Mu’awiyah and his son Yazid) celebrated, the cursed son(s) (Yazid) of the cursed (Mu’awiyah), as said by You and Your Prophet at every place and occasion. أَللّٰهُمَّ الْعَنْ أَبَا سُفْيَانَ وَمُعَاوِيَةَ وَيَزِيدَ بْنَ مُعَاوِيَةَ عَلَيْهِمْ مِنْكَ اللَّعْنَةُ أَبَدَ الأَبِدِينَ، وَهٰذَا يَوْمٌ فَرِحَتْ بِهِ آلُ زِيَادٍ وَآلُ مَرْوَانَ بِقَتْلِهِمُ الْـحُسَيْنَ صَلَواتُ اللّٰهِ عَلَيْهِ. أَللّٰهُمَّ فَضَاعِفْ عَلَيْهِمُ اللَّعْنَ مِنْكَ وَالْعَذابَ الأَلِيمَ O’ Allah! Curse Abu Sufyan and Mu’awiyah and Yazid b. Mu’awiyah – upon them may Your curse be forever and eternity. And this is the day when the family of Ziyad were happy and so were the family of Marwan at their killing of Husayn, may the Prayers of Allah be upon him. O’ Allah! Increase upon them Your curse and (Your) painful punishment. أَللّٰهُمَّ إِنِّي أَتَقَرَّبُ إِلَيْكَ فِي هٰذَا الْيَوْمِ، وَفِي مَوْقِفِي هٰذَا، وَأَيَّامِ حَيَاتِي بِالْبَرَاءَةِ مِنْهُمْ، وَاللَّعْنَةِ عَلَيْهِمْ، وَبِالْـمُوَالاَةِ لِنَبِيِّكَ وَآلِ نَبِيِّكَ عَلَيْهِ وَعَلَيْهِمُ السَّلاَمُ O’ Allah! Surely I seek nearness to you on this day (the Day of ‘Ashura) and in this place (which I am in) and in all days of my life by disassociating myself from these people and sending curses upon them and through my love and friendship to Your Prophet and the family of Your Prophet, peace be upon him and upon all of them. أَللّٰهُمَّ الْعَنْ أَوَّلَ ظَالِمٍ ظَلَمَ حَقَّ مُحَمَّدٍ وَآلِ مُحَمَّدٍ وَآخِرَ تَابِعٍ لَهُ عَلىٰ ذٰلِكَ. أَللّٰهُمَّ الْعَنِ الْعِصَابَةَ الَّتِي جَاهَدَتِ الْـحُسَيْنَ وَشَايَعَتْ وَبَايَعَتْ وَتَابَعَتْ عَلىٰ قَتْلِهِ، أَللّٰهُمَّ الْعَنْهُمْ جَمِيعاً. O’ Allah! Curse the first tyrant who oppressed the right of Muhammad and the family of Muhammad and the next person who followed him on this path. O’ Allah! Curse the group who fought against Husayn and those who followed them and supported them and assisted them in killing him. O’ Allah, curse all of them! أَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا أَبَا عَبْدِ اللّٰهِ وَعَلىٰ الأَرْوَاحِ الَّتِي حَلَّتْ بِفِنَآئِكَ، عَلَيْكَ مِنِّي سَلاَمُ اللّٰهِ أَبَداً مَا بَقِيتُ وَبَقِيَ اللَّيْلُ وَالنَّهَارُ، وَلاَ جَعَلَهُ اللّٰهُ آخِرَ الْعَهْدِ مِنِّي لِزِيَارَتِكُمْ، أَلسَّلاَمُ عَلىٰ الْـحُسَيْنِ، وَعَلىٰ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْـحُسَيْنِ، وَعَلىٰ أَوْلاَدِ الْـحُسَيْنِ، وَعَلىٰ أَصْحَابِ الْـحُسَيْنِ. Peace be upon you O’ Aba ‘Abdillah and upon the souls which were annihilated with you. Upon you, from me, is the peace of Allah for eternity, as long as the night and the day remain and please do not make this (Ziyarat) as my last contact with you. Greetings be upon Husayn, and upon ‘Ali the son of Husayn and upon the children of Husayn and upon the companions of Husayn. أَللّٰهُمَّ خُصَّ أَنْتَ أَوَّلَ ظالِمٍ بِاللَّعْنِ مِنِّي، وَابْدَأْ بِهِ أَوَّلاً، ثُمَّ الْعَنِ الثَّانِيَ وَالثَّالِثَ وَالرَّابِعَ. أَللّٰهُمَّ الْعَنْ يَزِيدَ خَامِساً، وَالْعَنْ عُبَيْدَ اللّٰه ِبْنَ زِيادٍ وَابْنَ مَرْجَانَةَ وَعُمَرَ بْنَ سَعْدٍ وَشِـمْراً وَآلَ أَبِي سُفْيَانَ وَآلَ زِيَادٍ وَآلَ مَرْوَانَ إِلىٰ يَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ O’ Allah! Particularly curse the first tyrant, a curse from me, and begin the first curse with him and then send the curse on the second and the third and then the forth (tyrant). O’ Allah curse Yazid, the fifth (tyrant) and curse ‘Ubaydullah b. Ziyad and Ibne Marjanah and ‘‘Umar b. Sa’d and Shimr and the family of Sufyan and the family of Ziyad and the family of Marwan until the day of Judgement. Then go to Sajdah and recite.. أَللّٰهُمَّ لَكَ الْـحَمْدُ حَمْدَ الشَّاكِرِينَ لَكَ عَلىٰ مُصَابِهِمْ. أَلْـحَمْدُ لِلّٰهِ عَلىٰ عَظِيمِ رَزِيَّتِي. أَللّٰهُمَّ ارْزُقْنِي شَفَاعَةَ الْـحُسَيْنِ يَوْمَ الْوُرُودِ، وَ ثَبِّتْ لِي قَدَمَ صِدْقٍ عِنْدَكَ مَعَ الْـحُسَيْنِ وَأَصْحَابِ الْـحُسَيْنِ الَّذِينَ بَذَلُوا مُهَجَهُمْ دُونَ الْحُسَيْنِ˛ عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَمُ O’ Allah! To you belongs the praise, the praise of those who are thankful to You for their tribulations. All Praise belongs to Allah for my intense grief. O’ Allah, grant me the blessing of intercession of Husayn on the Day of Appearance (before You) and strengthen me with a truthful stand in Your presence along with Husayn and the companions of Husayn – those people who sacrificed everything for Husayn, peace be upon him.
  19. With the advent of Muharram, arrives the false propaganda against mourning and weeping over the dead from the so called followers of true Islam. While these Muslims disagree with the Shias on the point of whether to weep or not, let us see whether two of their very revered personalities, Umar and Ayesha had a common view on this issue. It is narrated from Saeed b. Musayyab that Ayesha mourned over her father after his death. When this news reached Umar, he ordered prohibition against it, but Ayesha rejected the caliph’s order. Then Hesham b. Walid was ordered to go to Ayesha and stop her from mourning loudly. As soon as the women acted as per Hesham’s order, they left the house and Umar addressed them saying, ‘Do you intend to chastise Abu Bakr by your weeping? Surely the dead are chastised due to weeping over them.’ (Sahih Tirmizi: tradition 1002) From the above incident it can be concluded that: 1. If the Prophet (s.a.w.a.) had actually prohibited weeping over the dead (as Umar claimed), then by crying, Ayesha disobeyed the Prophet’s (s.a.w.a.) order. 2. It can be argued that she must have been overcome by her emotions, but when Umar ordered her not to weep, she did not obey him thereby disobeying the so-called caliph of Muslims. This makes Ayesha someone who a. did not follow the Prophet’s (s.a.w.a.) tradition b. was overcome by her emotions c. disobeyed the so-called caliph Yet, Bukhari has recorded many traditions from her in his Sahih. So these Muslims must: 1. Stop revering Ayesha for she disobeyed the Prophet (s.a.w.a.) and the so-called caliph 2. Stop revering Bukhari for he has recorded traditions from such a woman as authentic
  20. Dr. Ali Reza Bhojani, Muharram 1436/2014 Islamic Sermons; "Towards Godliness - Islam as a means not an end" Night 1: Apart from the beauty of his lectures, I also like his accent btw.
  21. Animated video of the Incedent of Advice from Imam Mahdi to recite Ziyarate’ Ashurah In his masterpiece, Mafaateeh al-Jenan, the pillar of traditionalists, Shaikh Abbas Qummi (r.a) has mentioned an incident from his teacher, Janab Mirza Husain Tabarsi (r.a) – famous as Mohaddis Noori (r.a) in which Imam-e-Zamana (a.t.f.s.) has emphasized the regular recitation of Ziyaarate Aashoora . This incident pertains to Janab Syed Ahmed bin Syed Hashim bin Syed Hasan Musawi Rashty. He was a trader from the city of Rasht. Watch the video below with urdu dubbing : http://theziyaratofashurah.wordpress.com/2011/06/14/animated-video-of-the-incedent-of-advice-from-imam-mahdi-to-recite-ziyarate%E2%80%99-ashurah/ ALSO FOR MORE VIDEOS ON ZIYARAT E ASHURA , MERITS , MIRACLES VISIT THE LINK BELOW http://theziyaratofashurah.wordpress.com/
  22. Sheikh Mahdi Rastani, Muharram 1436 / 2014 Lectures Night 1: The Contradiction of The Material World
  23. Muharram 2014 Lectures, Syed Muhammad Baqir Qazwini Night 1: Examining the Fitrah from a Biological Perspective
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