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  1. Assalamu Alaykum wa Rahmatullah wa Barakatuh. In 183 AH, Imam Musa died due to the poison, his funeral was carried on in disgraceful way at the beginning then the uncle of Haroun Alrashid intervened. From 183 to 200 AH were 17 years full of turbulence and uprisings, many of these were by Shia or Alawis. Imam Ridha was summoned to Khurasan in 200 and declared as the second man in the empire. I am going to go through this history quickly : 187 AH :The uprising of Shia of Yemen lead by Alhaytham b Abdulmajid Alhamadani 191 AH : The uprising of Khawarij in Basrah: lead by Tharwan b Sayf, he killed the Abbasid governor over Basrah back then. 192 AH : The uprising of Khurameyah in Azerbaijan, they believed in the Imamh of Abu Muslim Alkhurasani and his return? and that he did not die, they were Persian political religious movement. 194 AH : The uprising in Homs: (Christians?) They were not happy with the Abbasids, they rose up against the Amin (brother of Ma'moun and son of Haroun Alrashid) 195 AH : The rising of Sufyani in Damascus, his name was Ali b Abdullah b Khalid b Yazid b Mo'aweyah, he called himself Khalifah 198 AH : The uprising in Egypt, lead by AlHasan Alharsh, he called for Alridha from Aal Mohamad. 199 AH : The uprising in Aleppo, lead by Nasr b Shabth. He rose up in protest against the Abbasid because they favoured Ajam over Arab. 199 AH: The uprising in Kufah, lead by Ibn Taba Taba, Muhamad b Ibrahim b Ismail b Ibrahim b Alhasan b Alhasan b Ali b Abi Talib. He called for Alridha from Aal Mohamad. Abu Al Saraya lead the uprising after the sudden death of ibn tabataba. 200 AH : The uprising in Yemen, lead by Ibrahim b Musa b Ja'far(as). He rose up after he heard the news of the Talibyyin uprising in Iraq (abu assaraya and ibn tabataba). He went out from Makkah to Yemen. 200 AH: The uprising in Makkah, lead by Muhamad b Ja'far Al'alawi. Aljaloudi defeated him, he forced him to stand on Minbar and announce his bay'ah to Al-Ma'moun. Alsoudoq narrated that the Jaloudi did not only fought those Bani Hashim who rose up with Muhamad b Ja'far but he went to those who followed the command of imam Ridha and stayed indoors, he beaheded the men and wanted to take the gold of their women, Imam Ridha gathered all the women in one house and asked Jaloudi to not enter the house , rather, Imam Ridha would bring the gold himself to Jaloudi and that what happened. 200 AH : The Uprising in Basrah, lead by Zayd Alnar, Zayd b Musa b Ja'far. Brother of imam Ridha ( A year after the mass killing of Bani Talib In Madinah, Al-Ma'moun summoned Imam Ridha to Khurasan) 201 AH : The uprising in Baghdad, lead by Ibrahim b Almahdi. Bghdadis were angry at the Ma'moun because he appointed Ali b Musa Alridha and ordering the people to wear green like the Talibyyin. Among them was Aljaloudi AlJaloudi was brought to AL-Ma'moun after he won over the uprising in Baghdad, Imam Ridha asked Al-Ma'moun not to kill Aljaloudi despite what he did in Madinah, when Aljaloudi saw that Imam Ridha is telling Al-Ma'moun something about him, he asked Al-Ma'moun not to accept anything from Imam Ridha, Ma'moun said "as you wish" and he was beheaded.
  2. Assalamu-Alaykum wa Rahmatul-Allah wa Brakatuh I am wondering if any of you came across a biography for Almufadhal b.Amr. I am aware of the rijal books grading of the man, I am looking for more details about his life. shukran.
  3. I was doing quick research on the path that Ahlu Sunnah sect took to gather their hadiths amid the plethora of hadiths that were narrated by Ahlulbayt. It is well accepted that Hadith documentation and teaching was forbidden in the times of the 3 Khulafa. A closer look though shows that this forbiddance was not absolute. The history shows a number of companions who went against this law, taught hadiths to other Muslims and confronted the authority with it. Shia school usually focuses on the Ahlulbayt contribution and role in those hard times and usually ignores the rest of the companions. A great number of Shia scholars reasoned this ban to be directed against Ahlulbayt specifically. Ibn Um Abd or Ibn Masoud is an intersting hadith narrator, he is not usually associated with the Shia of Imam Ali, but in the same time he had narrated many hadiths about Ahlulbayt. Some Shia scholars concluded from this that the 3 banned the hadith to cover their defeciency in knowledge. Ibn Masoud was the sixth Muslim man, he was among the earlist men who recited Quran loudly in Mekkah and was one of those who attended Bay'atulRidhwan. He was forced to saty in Madinah during Umar time by a direct order from Umar. Umar forced many Sahabah to stop spreading the hadith of prophet, some were leashed, some were imprisoned and others were exiled. Among them was Ibn Masoud who was forced to stay in Madinah. It is also important to note that during Abu Bakr rule and Umar rule, there were a number of Muslims who wrote hadiths despite the ban. These incidents appear discreatly in history books while mentioning the ban of hadith documentation. Some narrations will mention the burning of hadith books that were written during Umar time which tells that people did not stop writing the hadiths. Ibn Masoud is thought to be one amongst those who did not stop documenting the hadith. It is also important to note that we some narrations mention that Ibn Masoud himself destroyed a book of hadith that was speaking specifically about the merits of Ahlulbayt. Acouple of other narrations mention that Ibn Masoud had rarely narrated something from the prophet and when he dide he shivered and sweat. It is worth telling as well that by the time Uthman was the Khalifah, total hadith ban policy proved to be ineffective, Uthman and the Umayad rulers allowed certain set of hadiths to be taught to people most of which were hadiths related to fiqh that Umar had approved. I wonder if any Sunni here will have the gut to tell me how Ibn Masoud died? It was during Uthamn time .....Uthman did not like Ibn Masoud, he beat him ... Ibn Masoud passed away later.
  4. (salam) Let us first see what Quran says about a cruel leader. It is understood from the Holy Quran that Imamate and caliphate is not the right of evil-doer and cruel man and he should not be followed, for example:"æ ÇÐ ÇÈÊáí ÇÈÑÇåíã ÑÈå ȘáãÇÊ ÝÇÊãåä ÞÇá Çäí ÌÇÚᘠááäÇÓ ÇãÇãÇ ÞÇá æ ãä ÐÑíÊí ÞÇá áÇ íäÇá ÚåÏí ÇáÙÇáãíä"A[1] “And when his Lord tried Ibrahim with certain words, he fulfilled them. He said: Surely I will make you an Imam of men. Ibrahim said: And of my offspring? My covenant does not include the unjust, said He.” "ÇÝãä íåÏí Çáí ÇáÍÞ Çä íÊÈÚ Çãä áÇ íåÏí ÇáÇ Çä íåÏí ÝãÇ á˜ã ˜íÝ Ê͘ãæä"-B[2] “Is there any of your associates who guides to the truth? or he who himself does not go aright unless he is guided? What then is the matter with you; how do you judge?” It is understood from this verse that one who does not guide to the truth, is not competent to be followed. C- Some of the verses have set fire of hell as the punishment of tendency for and trusting cruel men and says that: [3]"æ áÇ ÊјäæÇ Çáí ÇáÐíä ÙáãæÇ ÝÊãÓ˜ã ÇáäÇÑ" “And do not incline to those who are unjust, lest the fire touch you” D- The Holy Quran has considered a ruler who does not judge by what Allah has revealed to be heathen and states that: [4] æ ãä áã í͘ã ÈãÇ ÇäÒá Çááå ÝÇæáƘ åã Çá˜ÇÝÑæä" “and whoever did not judge by what Allah revealed, those are they that are the unbelievers” And we know that following heathen is not allowable, and also many verses in the Holy Quran absolutely –in a way that it prevents from allocation and limitation– prohibit people from following sinners, though they are caliph, sultan and Imam, such as: The Almighty Allah states that: "ÝáÇ ÊØÚ Çáã˜ÐÈíä"[5] -1 “So do not yield to the rejecters” "æ áÇ ÊØÚ ˜á ÍáÇÝ ãåíä"[6] -2 “And yield not to any mean swearer” "æ áÇ ÊØÚ Çá˜ÇÝÑíä æ ÇáãäÇÝÞíä"[7] -3 “And be not compliant to the unbelievers and the hypocrites” "æ áÇ ÊØíÚæÇ ÇãÑ ÇáãÓÑÝíä ÇáÐíä íÝÓÏæä Ýí ÇáÇÑÖ æ áÇ íÕáÍæä"[8] -4 “And do not obey the bidding of the extravagant” "ÝÇÕÑ á͘ã ÑȘ æ áÇ ÊØÚ ãäåã ÂËãÇ Çæ ˜ÝæÑÇ"[9] -5 “Therefore wait patiently for the command of your Lord, and obey not from among them a sinner or an ungrateful one” "æ áÇ ÊØÚ ãä ÇÛÝáäÇ ÞáÈå Úä ИÑäÇ æ ÇÊÈÚ åæÇå æ ˜Çä ÇãÑå ÝÑØÇ"[10] -6 “and do not follow him whose heart We have made unmindful to Our remembrance, and he follows his low desires and his case is one in which due bounds are exceeded” "íæã ÊÞáÈ æÌæååã Ýí ÇáäÇÑ íÚÞæáæä íÇ áíÊäÇ ÇØÚäÇ Çááå æ ÇØÚäÇ ÇáÑÓæá* æ ÞÇáæÇ ÑÈäÇ ÇäÇ ÇØÚäÇ ÓÇÏÊäÇ æ ˜ÈÑÇÁäÇ ÝÇÖáæäÇ ÇáÓÈíá* ÑÈäÇ ÂÊåã ÖÚÝíä ãä ÇáÚÐÇÈ æ ÇáÚäåã áÚäÇ ˜ÈíÑÇ"[11] -7 “On the day when their faces shall be turned back into the fire, they shall say: O would that we had obeyed Allah and obeyed the Messenger!* And they shall say: O our Lord! surely we obeyed our leaders and our great men, so they led us astray from the path* O our Lord! give them a double punishment and curse them with a great curse”[12] [1] - Quran, Al- Baqara, verse. 124. [2] - Quran, Yunus, verse. 35. [3] - Quran, Hud, verse. 113. [4] - Quran, Al- Maida, verse. 44. [5] - Quran, Al- Qalam, verse. 8. [6] - Quran, Al- Qalam, verse. 10. [7] - Quran, Al- Ahzab, verse. 48. [8] - Quran, Al- Shu`ara, verse. 151. [9] - Quran, Al- Insan, verse. 24. [10] - Quran, Al- Kahf, verse. 28. [11] - Quran, Al- Ahzab, verse, 66 – 68. [12] - Ali Asghar Rizwani, Imamology and answering to the doubts, vol. 1, p. 196. Sunnis and necessity of obeying cruel leader Obeying impious and cruel Imam or governor is one of the matters of dispute between Sunni and Shia; Sunnis unanimously believe that sultan will not be removed from caliphate by committing sin. Some of their opinions are as follows: 1- “Imam Nuwi” says that: “Sunnis have generally agreed that sultan and caliph will not be removed from caliphate by committing sin …”.[1] 2- “Qazi Ayaz” says that: “all Sunnis including jurists, traditionalists and orators believe that sultan will not be removed from caliphate by committing sin, oppressing people and denying their right”.[2] 3- “Qazi Abu Bakr Baqlani” also writes that: “all the traditionalists believe that Imam will not be removed from Imamate by committing sin, oppressing, taking away people’s properties, slapping in the faces, disturbing the life of upright people, wasting rights and denying legal punishments, and it is not allowable to rise against him, but the only duty of people is to preach him and warn him about results of his actions. And they should not commit those sins to which he has invited them”. These people have relied on many narrations from the Prophet (s.a.w.) and the Companions for proving the necessity of obeying Imam and caliph, even if he is cruel and takes away the property of people by force; they say that: “the Prophet (s.a.w.) said that: “you should listen to the governor and obey him, even if he is a cut-nose slave or a Abyssinian one. And you should follow any righteous and impious person in prayer”. And they laso said that: “you should obey your governor, even if they take away your property and ruin your life”.[3] [4] [1]- Sharh Sahih Muslim, Nuwi, vol. 12, p. 229. [2]- Sharh Sahih Muslim, Nuwi, vol. 12, p. 229. [3]- Al- Tamhid, Baqlani. [4]- Ali Asghar Rizwani, Imamology and answering to the doubts, vol. 1, p. 193. Sunnis and rising against the cruel leader Sunni scholars unanimously agree that rising against cruel and unjust Imam and caliph is not allowable, Abdullah ibn Umar and Ahmad ibn Hanbal are from the aged serious opponents of rising against Muslims’ caliph, though he was cruel and unjust. Abu Bakr Marwazi quotes from Ahmad ibn Hanbal that he commanded to avoid from bloodshed and prohibited rising against the Muslims’ caliph.[1] Doctor Atiyyah Zahrani says following the narration of Marwazi that: “the document of this narration is correct and it is the ancestors’ manner”.[2] Imam Nuwi has claimed a general agreement in Sharh of Sahih of Muslim and says that: “… and rising and fighting against Imams of Muslims is prohibited by Muslims’ general agreement, though they are evil-doer and cruel”.[3] Doctor Muhammad Faruq Nihban attributes the prohibition of rising against unjust and evil-doer Imam to most of Sunnis and says that: “scholars have two opinions about the revolution and rising against cruel and evil-doer Imam; the first opinion is that rising against Imam and removing him from the power is allowable. This is the opinion of Mu’tazila, Kharijites, Zaydites and Murji’a (deferrers), they also consider it to be obligatory and use these verses: "æ ÊÚÇæäæÇ Úáí ÇáÈÑ æ ÇáÊÞæí" “incite you to exceed the limits, and help one another in goodness and piety” "ÝÞÇÊáæÇ ÇáÊí ÊÈÛí ÍÊí ÊÝíÁ Çáí ÇãÑÇááå" “fight that which acts wrongfully until it returns to Allah's command” "áÇ íäÇá ÚåÏí ÇáÙÇáãíä" “My covenant does not include the unjust” Another opinion is that drawing sword against Imam is not allowable; because it will result in revolution and bloodshed and this is the opinion of the majority of Sunnis, traditionalists and many Companions, such as: Ibn Umar, Sa’ad ibn Abi Waqas and Usamah ibn Zayd”.[4] [5] [1] - Al- Sunnah, vol. 1, p. 131. [2] - Al- Sunnah, vol. 1, p. 131. [3] - Sharh Sahih Muslim, Nuwi, vol. 2, p. 229. [4] - Nizam al- Hukm fi al- Islam, p. 527 – 529. [5] - Ali Asghar Rizwani, Imamology and answering to the doubts, vol. 1, p. 194.
  5. Abul Hasan Nadwi disapproves of the opinion of Shia and says that:" The opinion of Shia about Imamate and caliphate is not in accord with the aims of God and His messenger; because they believe in inherited ruling."[1] In the answer we say that: Firstly: When it is said that the successors of prophets are selected from their offspring and progeny it means the Almighty God have granted such an ability to them to accept this position. Imamite Shia are surely against this interpretation of inheritance that they will be Imams just because of being the children of the Prophet, even if they doesn’t deserve taking the charge of such a position. Secondly: If this saying of Abul Hasan Nadwi is true that: The inherited ruling is the slogan of the materialist governments and the divine prophets should avoid that,[2] so why the Holy Quran approves the inherited ruling with considering the competence of previous apostles; for instance: "Ãóãú íóÍúÓõÏõæäó ÇáäøÇÓó Úóáì ãÇ ÂÊÇåõãõ Çááåõ ãöäú ÝóÖúáöåö ÝóÞóÏú ÂÊóíúäÇ Âáó ÅöÈúÑÇåöíãó Çáú˜öÊÇÈó æóÇáúÍö˜úãóÉó æóÂÊóíúäÇåõãú ãõáú˜Çð ÚóÙöíãÇð" "Or do they envy the people for what Allah has given them [the prophet and his progeny] of His grace? But indeed We have given to Ibrahim's children (that Jews are also from them) the book and the wisdom, and We have given them [the apostles of Israel's Children] a grand kingdom"[3] On the other hand we see that Hazrat Ibrahim (a.s.) has requested the Imamate for his offspring, where the Almighty God says: "óÅöÐö ÇÈúÊóáì ÅöÈúÑÇåöíãó ÑóÈõøåõ Èö˜óáöãÇÊ ÝóÃóÊóãóøåõäóø ÞÇáó Åöäöøí ÌÇÚöáõ˜ó áöáäøÇÓö ÅöãÇãÇð ÞÇáó æóãöäú ÐõÑöøíóøÊöí ÞÇáó áÇ íóäÇáõ ÚóåúÏöí ÇáÙøÇáöãöíäó" "And [remember] when his Lord tried Ibrahim with certain words, and he fulfilled them completely. He (God) said: Surely I will make you an Imam of men. Ibrahim said: And of my offspring (appoint Imam too)? My covenant does not include the unjust people (but those who deserve), said He"[4] In this verse, the Almighty God has not negated the inherited and consanguineous ruling and Imamate unconditionally, but He has taken it away from the oppressors of the offspring of Hazrat Ibrahim (a.s.). Thirdly: Perhaps the reason for putting Imamate, prophecy and succession in the generation of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.) is that from one side the generation of the Holy prophet (s.a.w.) is a pure and good generation, and his progeny is a divine progeny and from another side the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.) is in the hearts of the people because of his prophecy and perfect virtues and has a special popularity among them and if the people love someone they will love his relatives too. And they will follow the commands and instruction of whom. Therefore, the best people for Imamate and, succession or prophecy are the offspring and generation of apostles; however taking the charge of these positions is dependent on some conditions among them infallibility, divining power and superiority in the virtues to other people.[5] [1] - Suratan Mutazadatan, Nadvi, p. 12 and 13. [2] - Suratan Mutazadatan, Nadvi, p. 12 and 13. [3] - Nisa, verse 54. [4] - Baqarah, verse 124. [5] - Ali Asghar Rizwani, Imamology and answering to the doubts (1), p. 151.
  6. Some Muslims expressed their unfavorable impressions of Mu'a`wiya in his time. They are as follows: 1. Ibn 'Abba`s: 'Abd Allah b. 'Abba`s, a great Muslim thinker, expressed his opinion of Mu'a`wiya saying: "Mu'a`wiya has no quality to bring him near to the Caliphate.(Al-Mas'u`di, Ha`mish b. al-Athïr, vol. 6, p. 7). 2. Sa'sa'a bin Soha`n Sa'sa'a bin Soha`n al-'Abdi, a great Muja`hid, met Mu'a`wiya in the days of his government, and he asked him: "Which Caliph you have seen me?" Sa'sa'a answered him courageously, saying: "He who rules the people by force, governs over them with pride, and sizes (power) with the means of falsehood, lying, and trickery, is not a caliph! By Allah, at the Battle of Badr, you had neither a sword nor an arrow! You and your father were among those who fought against Allah's Messenger, may Allah bless him and his family! You are a freedman, and son of a freedman. Allah's Messenger, may Allah bless him and his family, released you. Therefore, how is the caliphate appropriate for a freedman?(Al-Mas'u`di, Ha`mish b. al-Athïr, vol. 6, p. 7). 3. Al-Mughira bin Shu'ba Al-Mughira bin Shu'ba, Mu'a`wiya's friend and partner in sins, came to Mu'a`wiya and heard him saying a tradition thereby he slandered the great Prophet. Hence he was dissatisfied with him, left him, went to his son Yazid, and said to him: "I have come from the most malicious of all the people!" Then he related the tradition to him.(Al-Mas'u`di, Muru`jj al-Dhahab, vol. 2, p. 342). 4. Samra bin Jundub Samra bin Jundub, who was a hypocrite and liar, was among those who were indignant with Mu'a`wiya. That was when he removed him from the office of Basrah. Hence he said: "May Allah curse Mu'a`wiya! By Allah, if I had obeyed Allah as I obeyed Mu'a`wiya, He would never had chastised me! (Al-Tabari, Ta`rikh (first edition), vol. 6, p. 157). With this we will end our speech about Mu'a`wiya. He who carefully considers Mu'a`wiya's policy finds it full of acts of disobedience to Allah and His Messenger such as murdering the free, chasing the reformers, violating women, and spreading crimes and offenses.
  7. (salam) Sa’id ibn Uthman ibn Affan asked Muawiyah for governing of Khurasan. Muawiyah said that: “Ubaydullah ibn Ziyad is its governor”[1]. Sa’id said that: "ÇãÇ áÞÏ ÇÕØÚä˜ ÇÈí æ ÑÝǘ ÍÊí ÈáÛÊ ÈÇÕØäÇÚå ÇáãÏíÇáÐí áÇ íÌÇÑí Çáíå æ áÇ íÓÇãí¡ æ æÇááå áÇäÇ ÎíÑ ãäå ÇÈÇ æÇãÇ ÝãÇ Ô˜ÑÊ ÈáÇÁå æ áÇ ÌÇÒíËå ÈÇáÇäå¡ æ ÞÏãÊ Úáí åÐÇ – íÚäí íÒíÏ Èä ãÚÇæíå – æ ÈÇíÚÊ áå æ äÝÓÇ" “He was my father who trained you and brought you up, and ennobled you until under his care and by his graces you reached a position which is ineffable and gained such a place that no one can do that, but you were ungrateful and did not repay his kindnesses, you prefer Yazid to me and make people to swear allegiance to him, I swear to Allah that my father and my mother are better than his and I am also better than him”. Muawiyah said that: "ÇãÇ Çä ʘæä ÎíÑÇ ãä íÒíÏ¡ ÝæÇááå ãÇ ÇÍÈ Çä ÏÇÑí ããáæÁÉ ÑÌÇáÇ ãËᘠÈíÒíÏ¡ æá˜ä ÏÚäí ãä åÐÇ ÇáÞæá æ Óáäí ÇÚؘ" “But about your superiority over Yazid, I swear to Allah, I do not like that my house be full of men like you instead of Yazid, now finish this conversation and say your request to be granted”. Sa’id said that: “O commander of believers! As long as you support Yazid, he will not remain alone, and I will not be satisfied with a part of my right, but now that you refrain from doing that, give me something from what Allah has given to you”. Muawiyah said that: “the governing of Khurasan is yours”, Sa’id said: “what value has khurasan?!” Muawiyah said: “it is only a daily bread for you and your family”. Sa’id left happily, while saying: "1- ИÑÊ ÇãíÑÇáãæãäíä æ ÝÖáå ÝÞáÊ: ÌÒÇå Çááå ÎíÑÇ ÈãÇ æÕá 2- æ ÞÏ ÓÈÞÊ ãäí Çáíå ÈæÇÏÑ ãä ÇáÞæá Ýíå ÂíÉ ÇáÚÞá æ ÇáÒáá 3- ÝÚÇÏ ÇãíÑÇáãæãäíä ÈÝÖáå æ ÞÏ ˜Çä Ýíå ÞÈá ÚæÏÊå ãíá 4- æ ÞÇá ÎÑÇÓÇä ᘠÇáíæã ØÚãå ÝÌæÒí ÇãíÑÇáãæãäíä ÈãÇ ÝÚá 5- Ýáæ ˜Çä ÚËãÇä ÇáÛÏÇÉ ã˜Çäå áãÇ äÇáäí ãä ãá˜å ÝæÞ ãÇ ÈÐá" “1- I mentioned commander of believers (Muawiyah) and his bounty, then I said that Allah blesses him for what he gave. 2- Before that I had spoken angrily with him and said some sayings in which there were signs of wisdom and anxiety. 3- Therefore commander of believers gave me his bounty, whereas before giving that he was not inclined to do that. 4- He told me that: Khurasan is a daily bread for you, Allah rewards commander of believers for his act. 5- If Uthman was in place of him today, I would not be given more than this. When these poems were delivered to Muawiyah, he ordered Yazid to accompany him and give him clothes, and Yazid accompanied him for one parasang (about 6 kilometer).[2] [3] [1] - he went to Khurasan near the end of the year 53 A.H. and stayed there for two years; Tarikh Tabari, vol. 6, p. 166 and vol. 5, p. 297. [2] - Al- Imamah wa al- Siyasah, vol. 1, p. 157 and vol. 1, p. 164. [3] - Shafi'i Shahrudi, A comprehensive selection of Al- Ghadir, p. 1001.
  8. (salam) Ibn Munzar quotes from Qasim ibn Muhammad that he said: “some people asked Muawiyah about two sisters who are bondwomen of a person and he goes to bed with both of them. Muawiyah said that: "áíÓ ÈÐÇᘠÈÇÓ" “There is no problem” Nu’man ibn Bashir heard this and asked Muawiyah that: “Did you issue this fatwa?” He said that: “Yes”, Nu’man said that: “So, you think if his sister becomes his bondwoman, it will be allowable to go to bed with her!” Muawiyah said that: [1]"ÇäãÇ ÇãÇ æ Çááå áÑÈãÇ æ ÏÏÊäí ÇÏј¡ ÝÞá áåã: ÇÌÊäÈæÇ Ðᘡ ÝÇäå áÇ íäÈÛí áå㺠ÝÞÇá: [åí] ÇáÑÍã ãä ÇáÚÊÇÞå æ ÛíÑåÇ" “I swear to Allah that I would wish to know this matter, tell them not to do this act which is not allowable. Then, he said: surely relationship is relationship, and there is no difference between freedom and slavery (it means that as it is not allowable for free men to get married with two sisters at the same time, it is not allowable for Mowla (lord) to go to bed with two bondwomen sisters).[2] [1] - al- Dur al- Manthur, vol. 2, p. 137 and vol. 2, p. 477. [2] - Shafi'i Shahrudi, A comprehensive selection of Al- Ghadir, p. 985.
  9. (salam) Followers of Muawvia are blind like Sonodar. it is written in “Muruj al- Zahab” that: “a Kufic person came to Damascus on his camel, while returning from Siffin (Battle of Siffin); one of men of Damascus claimed that this “Naqih” (female camel) was his and it has been taken from him in Siffin. They went to Muawiyah to solve the problem, the Damascene man called fifty men to witness that this “Naqih” is his, so, Muawiyah considered him to be rightful and ordered to Kufic man to give the camel to the Damascene man, Kufic man said to Muawiyah that: “sorry but, this camel is male, not a female one”. Muawiyah said that: “but it has been adjudicated”, and he played tricks on him. When Damascene men went, Muawiyah called Kufic man to come and asked the price of his camel and paid him double that amount, Muawiyah treated him kindly and told him that: “tell Ali (a.s.) that I has begun a war against you with one thousand hundred men who do not know the difference between male and female camel”. They were so obedient to Muawiyah that while leaving for Siffin, they said the Friday Prayer with him on Wednesday without raising any objection to his act. They sacrificed their heads for Muawiyah and held him in high esteem, and accepted saying of Amr A’s that: “Ali is the killer of Ammar ibn Yasir, because he has brought Ammar along to support him”, and were so obedient to Muawiyah that they cursed Ali as a tradition according to Muawiyah’s order, and follows it from childhood to the death”.[1] This story clearly shows the status of faith and understanding of Muawiyah’s followers.[2] [1] - Muruj al- Zahab, vol. 2, p. 72 and vol. 3, p. 42. [2] - Shafi'i Shahrudi, A comprehensive selection of Al- Ghadir, p. 983.
  10. MUAWVIA AND USURY Nisai, Malik ibn Anas and others have quoted from Ata’ ibn Yasar that he said: “Muawiyah sold a vessel full of gold or Dirham in exchange for more than its weight”. Abu Dorda told him that: “I heard from the Prophet (s.a.w.) who prohibited this act, it should be sold in exchange for its same weight”. Muawiyah said: “I do not find any fault with it”. Abu Dorda said: "ãä íÚÐÑäí ãä ãÚÇæíÉ¿ ÇäÇ ÇÎÈÑå Úä ÑÓæá Çááå (Õáí Çááå Úáíå æ Âáå) æ åæ íÎÈÑäí Úä ÑÇíå¡ áÇ ÇÓÇ˜ä˜ ÈÇÑÖ ÇäÊ ÈåÇ" “Who can account for this act of Muawiyah? I tell him the opinion of the Prophet (s.a.w.) and he tells me his opinion! I won’t stay in the area that you are”. Then he came to Medina and went to Umar ibn Khattab and told him the story. Umar wrote to Muawiyah that: [1]"áÇ ÊÈÚ ÐᘠÇáÇ ãËáÇ ÈãËá¡ æÒäÇ ÈæÒä" “Just exchange it for the good of the same kind and the same weight (without any increasing)”. Bayhaqi and others also have quoted from Hakim ibn Jabir from Ibadah ibn Samit that he said: “I heard from the Prophet (s.a.w.) who said that: “silver should be exchanged for the good of the same kind and the same weight, gold should be exchanged for the good of the same kind and the same weight, until he mentioned salt and said: salt should be exchanged for the good of the same kind and the same weight”. Muawiyah said that: "Çä åÐÇ áÇ íÞæá ÔíÆÇ". “His speech in not a good one and he speaks nonsense”. Ibadah said that: “Allah is my witness that I heard it from the Prophet (s.a.w.) myself”. Nisai writes in “al- Sunan al- Kubra” that Ibadah said: "Çäí æ Çááå ãÇ ÇÈÇáí Çä áÇ Ç˜æä ÈÇÑÖ í˜æä ÈåÇ ãÚÇæíÉ". “I swear to Allah that it is not important to me that I do not live where Muawiyah is”. Ibn Asakir has said that: “Ibadah said: [2]"Çäí æ Çááå ãÇ ÇÈÇáí Çä ǘæä ÈÇÑÖ˜ã åÐå" “I swear to Allah that it is not important to me that I do not live in your area”. It is necessary to be mentioned that prohibition of usury and this matter that it is from major sins, is an essential part of pure Islam and it is proved by Quran, tradition of the Prophet (s.a.w.) and general agreement of scholars.[3] [1] - Muwatta`, vol. 2, p. 59 and vol. 2, p. 634, tradition no. 33; al- Sunan al- Kubra, Nisai, vol. 7, p. 279 and vol. 4, p. 30, tradition no. 6164. [2] - Musnad Ahmad, vol. 5, p. 319 and vol. 6, p. 436, tradition no. 22217; al- Sunan al- Kubra, Nisai, vol. 7, p. 277 and vol. 4, p. 29, tradition no. 6159; Tarikh Medina Damascus, vol. 7, p. 206 and vol. 26, p. 176, no. 3071; AND in Mukhtasar of history of Damscus, vol. 11, p. 302. [3] - Shafi'i Shahrudi, A comprehensive selection of Al- Ghadir, p. 979.
  11. (bismillah) (salam) Here's an interesting post. In it we learn a moral lesson from a king who ruled for a thousand years. http://unveilingthelight.blogspot.ca/ Enjoy. If you have any comments or questions, please do not hesitate to message me. (salam)
  12. does anyone know the history of iran? does anyone know how shii'ism started in iran?
  13. (bismillah) (salam) This post is a quick reminder to all of us to fast on the 25th of Dhul Qa'dah. Three significant events have occurred on the night of the 25th of Dhul Qa'dah. http://unveilingthelight.blogspot.com/ Enjoy. :) Eltemase Dua (salam)
  14. (bismillah) Al Hamdulilah hir rabil ala meen Wa salatu was salamu ala Sayyidna wa Nabeyna Abal Qasim Muhammad , wa Ahlelbayt at tabiyeen at tahireen wa ashabil ghuril Mayameen (salam) Brothers and sisters, I NEED YOUR HELP IN MY PERSONAL STUDY(COURSEWORK)!!FOR HISTORY A LEVEL I have been asked by my college to do my own study on a topic which would cover a period of 100 years.I need to make a question and than present my whole essay in answering the question as I go along also providing arguements etc.I need to show some key concepts such as causation , continuity , change , consequence and significance. I want to do something unique and something Im good at which is why I have chosen to work on our Islamic History. I have come up with the following question so far , The Ummayads:A golden period of Islam or an era of destruction? OR The Abbasids:A golden period of Islam or an era of destruction? What would you advise which one shall I go for The Ummayads or The Abbasids and why? Any other suggestions are welcomed regarding the QUESTION which would come under the topic of Islamic , Shia History etc. I NEED TO TELL MY TEACHER BY TOMORROW!!!!!!!!!! :sick: :no: (salam) :yaali:
  15. (bismillah) (salam) This is a very interesting post. In this post I present a relatively long discussion between Abu Abdullah (as) and a group of Mutazalites. The conclusion is very powerful as it makes a strong claim. From this discussion many lessons can be learned. If you feel I have missed some of the lessons in it, please let me know. You could either post a comment in my blog or in here. http://unveilingthelight.blogspot.com/ Eltemase Dua :) (salam)
  16. (bismillah) (salam) Since tonight is the night of 17th of Ramadhan, I thought it would be appropriate to post this tradition. This tradition also highlights a few historically important and interesting dates. http://unveilingthelight.blogspot.com/ Eltemase Dua :) Enjoy. (wasalam)
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