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In the Name of God بسم الله

peace seeker

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  1. ـ الإمامُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) ـ في صِفَةِ المَلائكَةِ ـ: وإنَّهُم عَلى مَكانِهِم مِنكَ ، ومَنزِلَتِهِم عِندَكَ، واستِجماعِ أهوائهِم فيكَ ، وكَثرَةِ طاعَتِهِم لَكَ ، وقِلَّةِ غَفلَتِهِم عَن أمرِكَ ، لَو عايَنوا كُنهَ ما خَفِيَ عَلَيهِم مِنكَ لَحَقَّروا أعمالَهُم ، ولَزَرَوا عَلى أنفُسِهِم ، ولَعَرَفوا أ نَّهُم لَم يَعبُدوكَ حَقَّ عِبادَتِكَ ، ولَم يُطيعوكَ حَقَّ طاعَتِكَ . Imam Ali (as) said in his description of the angels, ‘They are in their own places [distinct] from You, [and yet] their positions are near You. Their desires are all concentrated on You, their worship for You is abundant, and their neglect of Your command is little. If they were to witness the essence of what is hidden about You from them, they would regard their deeds insignificant, they would reproach themselves and would realize that they have not worshipped You as You deserve to be worshipped, and have not obeyed You as You deserve to be obeyed.’ [Nahj al-Balagha, Sermon 109]
  2. If Allah should aid you, no one can overcome you; but if He should forsake you, who is there that can aid you after Him? And upon Allah let the believers rely. 3:160

    1. Show previous comments  1 more
    2. AhlulBayt_313

      AhlulBayt_313

      SubHanAllah, nice :)

    3. Ali-F

      Ali-F

      indeed true! barakallah feek

    4. peace seeker II

      peace seeker II

      thank you guys .. :) Allah is sooo Great !!! subhan Allah

  3. Salam Alaikum, throughout my Islamic life (as a born muslim alhamdulilah), i went through many phases. Starting with my catholic school education at age 6, when i first heard about Adam, Eve, Noah, etc, until i stumbled upon some shias online who pointed to some narrations that i read before, but for some odd reason took for granted to be ok. I didn't question it, as i usually read religious texts looking for stuff i like, and not stuff i don't like. At that point, i was the kind of person who used to say "why say suni and shia? that's haram !! just say muslims !" .. well, after finding out the truth, i realized how important it was to consciously consider oneself as a shia, or in other words .. shia of Ali, or somebody who pledges spiritual allegiance to Imam Ali. before mentioning the narrations that did the job for me, i'd like to say that to me no one sect of Islam is perfect, and that all muslims suffer in their own ways. Also, there are many different types of shias, of which most are probably worse off than any suni sect, and would like to remind that it was a shia kharijite who ended up murdering Imam Ali. Also a large majority of shias during the time of Imam Hussain can be blamed as world-loving traitors, because they let down their supposed Imam when he needed them. Therefore, the title shia isn't to be taken for granted, but much like prophets and imams are chosen by God, the same counts for true shias/ followers of God's Messengers and true caliphs. anyway, let me first share one shia hadith that i personally believe in, which points out how the famous hadith of 73 Muslim sects, of which only one is going to heaven, also includes 18 shia sects: H14731 –Muhammad Bin yahya,from Ahmad Bin Muhammad Bin Isa, from Ibn Mahboub, from Jameel Bin Salih, from Abu Khalid Al-Kabuly, who has narrated the following: Then he (Abu Ja’far) said: ‘The Jews differed, from after Musa (Moses) and separated into seventy- one sects, one of which will be in the Paradise and seventy sects would be in the Fire. And the Christians separated, from after Isa (Jesus) into seventy-two sects, one of which would be in the Paradise and seventy-one of the sects would be in the Fire. And this community will separate after its Prophet into seventy-three sects. Seventy-two sects would be in the Fire and one sect would be in the Paradise. And from these seventy-three sects, thirteen would be of those who claim to be in our Wilayah and show affection to us. Twelve sects from these would be in the Fire and one sect would be in the Paradise. And sixty sects from the rest of the people would be in the Fire’. al-Kafi Vol 8 This means that being "shia" is no guarantee, although i now believe that the one true sect is a shia sect, and hope to God it is the guided genuine 12er shias (not the takfiri heretic ones) also, note that mathematically speaking this hadith, which is also mentioned in authentic suni books, shows that percentage-wise, or ratio-speaking, the percentage of jews and percentage of christians going to heaven is bigger than that of muslims. 1/71 > 1/72 > 1/73 . anyways, that's a side note; back to main topic. what convinced me of shia Islam? it is very simple: to start with this one hadith occurring twice slightly differently in the most authentic book of suni islam called Bukhari (but is also present in the only other equally important suni book called "Muslim"): حَدَّثَنَا عَلِيُّ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ، حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الرَّزَّاقِ، أَخْبَرَنَا مَعْمَرٌ، عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ، عَنْ عُبَيْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عُتْبَةَ، عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ ـ رضى الله عنهما ـ قَالَ لَمَّا حُضِرَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَفِي الْبَيْتِ رِجَالٌ، فَقَالَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم " هَلُمُّوا أَكْتُبْ لَكُمْ كِتَابًا لاَ تَضِلُّوا بَعْدَهُ ". فَقَالَ بَعْضُهُمْ إِنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَدْ غَلَبَهُ الْوَجَعُ وَعِنْدَكُمُ الْقُرْآنُ، حَسْبُنَا كِتَابُ اللَّهِ. فَاخْتَلَفَ أَهْلُ الْبَيْتِ وَاخْتَصَمُوا، فَمِنْهُمْ مَنْ يَقُولُ قَرِّبُوا يَكْتُبُ لَكُمْ كِتَابًا لاَ تَضِلُّوا بَعْدَهُ. وَمِنْهُمْ مَنْ يَقُولُ غَيْرَ ذَلِكَ، فَلَمَّا أَكْثَرُوا اللَّغْوَ وَالاِخْتِلاَفَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم " قُومُوا ". قَالَ عُبَيْدُ اللَّهِ فَكَانَ يَقُولُ ابْنُ عَبَّاسٍ إِنَّ الرَّزِيَّةَ كُلَّ الرَّزِيَّةِ مَا حَالَ بَيْنَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَبَيْنَ أَنْ يَكْتُبَ لَهُمْ ذَلِكَ الْكِتَابَ لاِخْتِلاَفِهِمْ وَلَغَطِهِمْ. Narrated Ubaidullah bin `Abdullah: Ibn `Abbas said, "When Allah's Messenger was on his deathbed and there were some men in the house, he said, 'Come near, I will write for you something after which you will not go astray.' Some of them ( i.e. his companions) said, 'Allah's Messenger is seriously ill and you have the Qur'an. Allah's Book is sufficient for us.' So the people in the house differed and started disputing. Some of them said, 'Give him writing material so that he may write for you something after which you will not go astray.' while the others said the other way round. So when their talk and differences increased, Allah's Apostle said, "Get up." Ibn `Abbas used to say, "No doubt, it was very unfortunate (a great disaster) that Allah's Messenger was prevented from writing for them that writing because of their differences and noise." Book 64, Hadith 454 Bukhari حَدَّثَنَا إِبْرَاهِيمُ بْنُ مُوسَى، حَدَّثَنَا هِشَامٌ، عَنْ مَعْمَرٍ، وَحَدَّثَنِي عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ، حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الرَّزَّاقِ، أَخْبَرَنَا مَعْمَرٌ، عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ، عَنْ عُبَيْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ، عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ ـ رضى الله عنهما ـ قَالَ لَمَّا حُضِرَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَفِي الْبَيْتِ رِجَالٌ فِيهِمْ عُمَرُ بْنُ الْخَطَّابِ قَالَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم " هَلُمَّ أَكْتُبْ لَكُمْ كِتَابًا لاَ تَضِلُّوا بَعْدَهُ ". فَقَالَ عُمَرُ إِنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَدْ غَلَبَ عَلَيْهِ الْوَجَعُ وَعِنْدَكُمُ الْقُرْآنُ، حَسْبُنَا كِتَابُ اللَّهِ فَاخْتَلَفَ أَهْلُ الْبَيْتِ فَاخْتَصَمُوا، مِنْهُمْ مَنْ يَقُولُ قَرِّبُوا يَكْتُبْ لَكُمُ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم كِتَابًا لَنْ تَضِلُّوا بَعْدَهُ، وَمِنْهُمْ مَنْ يَقُولُ مَا قَالَ عُمَرُ فَلَمَّا أَكْثَرُوا اللَّغْوَ وَالاِخْتِلاَفَ عِنْدَ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم " قُومُوا ". قَالَ عُبَيْدُ اللَّهِ فَكَانَ ابْنُ عَبَّاسٍ يَقُولُ إِنَّ الرَّزِيَّةَ كُلَّ الرَّزِيَّةِ مَا حَالَ بَيْنَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَبَيْنَ أَنْ يَكْتُبَ لَهُمْ ذَلِكَ الْكِتَابَ مِنِ اخْتِلاَفِهِمْ وَلَغَطِهِمْ. Narrated Ibn `Abbas: When Allah's Messenger was on his death-bed and in the house there were some people among whom was `Umar bin Al-Khattab, the Prophet said, "Come, let me write for you a statement after which you will not go astray." `Umar said, "The Prophet is seriously ill and you have the Qur'an; so the Book of Allah is enough for us." The people present in the house differed and quarrelled. Some said "Go near so that the Prophet may write for you a statement after which you will not go astray," while the others said as `Umar said. When they caused a hue and cry before the Prophet, Allah's Messenger said, "Go away!" Narrated 'Ubaidullah: Ibn `Abbas used to say, "It was very unfortunate that Allah's Messenger was prevented from writing that statement for them because of their disagreement and noise." Book 75, Hadith 30 Bukhari … i could in no circumstance accept this action of Omar ibn al Khatab, and it made me furious. At the point when i studied this hadith properly the first time, i didn't really care much about the sahaba / companions, but i heard only good about them. To me this one single action alone, was enough to break all my trust and respect for this man, and anybody who belonged to his circle. there are people who excuse this deliberate disobedience and disrespect of the prophet, and withholding something from the Muslim nation that would "not let us go astray" .. but i don't get how anybody can excuse such corruption. how somebody can excuse any man who stopped the prophet from giving his public will on his death bed. here a quranic verse that appears to fit this situation well: Result of disobeying Prophet: لَّا تَجْعَلُوا دُعَاءَ الرَّسُولِ بَيْنَكُمْ كَدُعَاءِ بَعْضِكُم بَعْضًا ۚ قَدْ يَعْلَمُ اللَّهُ الَّذِينَ يَتَسَلَّلُونَ مِنكُمْ لِوَاذًا ۚ فَلْيَحْذَرِ الَّذِينَ يُخَالِفُونَ عَنْ أَمْرِهِ أَن تُصِيبَهُمْ فِتْنَةٌ أَوْ يُصِيبَهُمْ عَذَابٌ أَلِيمٌ Do not make [your] calling of the Messenger among yourselves as the call of one of you to another. Already Allah knows those of you who slip away, concealed by others. So let those beware who dissent from the Prophet's order, lest fitnah strike them or a painful punishment. 24:63 then after that i got furious, in about 2010, so i delved deeper into the bukhari, which i had already studied before, (and learned from good things thanks to God.) then i found this, which not only made me furious from inside, but made me beyond furious. i saw the entourage of Omar, and the other self-proclaimed caliphs as very bad people. Again from Bukhari, very simple stuff: حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو الْوَلِيدِ، حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ عُيَيْنَةَ، عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ دِينَارٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي مُلَيْكَةَ، عَنِ الْمِسْوَرِ بْنِ مَخْرَمَةَ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ " فَاطِمَةُ بَضْعَةٌ مِنِّي، فَمَنْ أَغْضَبَهَا أَغْضَبَنِي " Narrated Al-Miswar bin Makhrama: Allah's Messenger (pbuh) said, "Fatima is a part of me, and he who makes her angry, makes me angry." Book 62, Hadith 64 Book 62, Hadith 114 فَغَضِبَتْ فَاطِمَةُ بِنْتُ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَهَجَرَتْ أَبَا بَكْرٍ، فَلَمْ تَزَلْ مُهَاجِرَتَهُ حَتَّى تُوُفِّيَتْ وَعَاشَتْ بَعْدَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم سِتَّةَ أَشْهُرٍ Narrated `Aisha: Fatima, the daughter of Allah's Messenger (pbuh) got angry and stopped speaking to Abu Bakr, and continued assuming that attitude till she died. Fatima remained alive for six months after the death of Allah's Messenger Book 57, Hadith 2 فَوَجَدَتْ فَاطِمَةُ عَلَى أَبِي بَكْرٍ فِي ذَلِكَ فَهَجَرَتْهُ، فَلَمْ تُكَلِّمْهُ حَتَّى تُوُفِّيَتْ، وَعَاشَتْ بَعْدَ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم سِتَّةَ أَشْهُرٍ، فَلَمَّا تُوُفِّيَتْ، دَفَنَهَا زَوْجُهَا عَلِيٌّ لَيْلاً، وَلَمْ يُؤْذِنْ بِهَا أَبَا بَكْرٍ وَصَلَّى عَلَيْهَا Narrated `Aisha: So she became angry with Abu Bakr and kept away from him, and did not task to him till she died. She remained alive for six months after the death of the Prophet. When she died, her husband `Ali, buried her at night without informing Abu Bakr and he said the funeral prayer by himself. Book 64, Hadith 278 … so honestly, i did not need to have a narration saying that upsetting the prophets daughter would upset the prophet, in order to understand the gravity of this. that is more than obvious to me personally, and again, i can never accept anybody upsetting the prophets daughter terminally. especially, when she is described as the most superior woman ever: أَمَا تَرْضَىْ أَنْ تَكُونِي سَيِّدَةَ نِسَاءِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ أَوْ سَيِّدَةَ نِسَاءِ هَذِهِ الأُمَّةِ " Then he (the Prophet) said. 'Don't you like to be the mistress of all the ladies of Paradise or the mistress of all the lady believers? " Book 44, Hadith 143 Muslim Book 61, Hadith 129 Bukhari anyway, so upsetting and making the prophets daughter terminally angry at them made me think: "how can they say Allahuma sali ala muhamad wa aali muhamad" in their prayers?? .. when the aali muhamad are upset with them? and everybody knows that a prayer without sending salawat to the prophets family makes the prayers annulled. so i sensed some serious hypocrisy. then the next point that made me quite angry .. or even more angry was the fact that there is no documentation of the 3 self-proclaimed caliphs praying a funeral prayer for the prophet. From the suni and shia books, it is clear that they hasted to meet somewhere away from the burial rituals of the prophet, or the funeral, and decided who will take power before the prophet was even buried. In the meantime imam Ali was washing the prophet's corpse and doing all these most holy services, and was left out of the loop. This was totally unacceptable as well. especially that suni books testify that Imam Ali did not pledge allegiance until after his wife, the prophets daughter passed away mysteriously 6 months after her father. Another point worth mentioning is how suni books seem to not care about fatima dying at tender age of 18 right after her father. they pretend like it was a natural death, although that defies logic, and instead of making a big deal out of it, the story is obviously hushed up. Also, the whole idea that omar, abu bakr and uthman never got her forgiveness is played down and never mentioned as a problem. anyway, from that point on, everything became very clear to me thanks to God, and only after figuring this out from ironically the suni books. and let it be repeated that the matter of caliphate decision after prophets death was a spontaneous decision, without the consent of the prophets family, and the ahl bayt, and propagated via threats: excerpt from a Bukhari hadith: مَا كَانَتْ بَيْعَةُ أَبِي بَكْرٍ إِلاَّ فَلْتَةً، فَتَمَّتْ. فَغَضِبَ عُمَرُ ثُمَّ قَالَ إِنِّي إِنْ شَاءَ اللَّهُ لَقَائِمٌ الْعَشِيَّةَ فِي النَّاسِ، فَمُحَذِّرُهُمْ هَؤُلاَءِ الَّذِينَ يُرِيدُونَ أَنْ يَغْصِبُوهُمْ أُمُورَهُمْ. .. the pledge of allegiance to Abu Bakr was nothing but a prompt sudden action which got established afterwards.' `Umar became angry and then said, 'Allah willing, I will stand before the people tonight and warn them against those people who want to deprive the others of their rights (the question of rulership). warn who? وَإِنَّهُ قَدْ كَانَ مِنْ خَبَرِنَا حِينَ تَوَفَّى اللَّهُ نَبِيَّهُ صلى الله عليه وسلم إِلاَّ أَنَّ الأَنْصَارَ خَالَفُونَا وَاجْتَمَعُوا بِأَسْرِهِمْ فِي سَقِيفَةِ بَنِي سَاعِدَةَ، وَخَالَفَ عَنَّا عَلِيٌّ وَالزُّبَيْرُ وَمَنْ مَعَهُمَا، And no doubt after the death of the Prophet we were informed that the Ansar disagreed with us and gathered in the shed of Bani Sa`da. `Ali and Zubair and whoever was with them, opposed us, Book 86, Hadith 57 .. so now we can say it's a fact that the Ahl Bayt, the prophets most beloved humans and family, were against the self-proclaimed caliphs, while being threatened by them. So the suni books, which are descended by these same people who went against the prophets family, and like to pretend like it's ok, will obviously not show the full picture. We can only get the basics out of them, and with a bit of imagination, and reading into other suni and shia books, we can find further unacceptable scandalous terrible wrongdoing against the best man and best woman alive. Imam Ali and Fatima Zahra. Imam Ali proved through actions, through heritage, and through the Prophets words, that he is the man who most deserves the title of "prince of believers". He respected the prophet during his life and after his passing away. He washed the prophets body and took care of his most beloved daughter till she passed away. There are countless of positive attributes we can give Imam Ali, which no other man back then shared, but the point of this note was to share my personal hadith journey to shia islam. since then, i've delved deeper into analyzing suni hadiths for clear proofs of the wilaya / divine guardianship of imam ali over any man alive, while of course delving into shia books. and all in the light of the Quran of course, that asks us to beware hypocrites: from chapter of Hypocrites: وإذا رأيتهم تعجبك أجسامهم وإن يقولوا تسمع لقولهم كأنهم خشب مسندة يحسبون كل صيحة عليهم هم العدو فاحذرهم قاتلهم الله أنى يؤفكون And when you see them, their forms please you, and if they speak, you listen to their speech. [They are] as if they were pieces of wood propped up - they think that every shout is against them. They are the enemy, so beware of them. May Allah destroy them; how are they deluded? 63:4 so unlike some suni opinions, Allah does not ask us to ignore and overlook any potential hypocrite. again confirmed by the most acknowledged suni hadith books (bukhari): حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ صَالِحٍ، حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ وَهْبٍ، قَالَ أَخْبَرَنِي يُونُسُ، عَنِ ابْنِ شِهَابٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ الْمُسَيَّبِ، أَنَّهُ كَانَ يُحَدِّثُ عَنْ أَصْحَابِ النَّبِيِّ، صلى الله عليه وسلم أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ " يَرِدُ عَلَى الْحَوْضِ رِجَالٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِي فَيُحَلَّئُونَ عَنْهُ فَأَقُولُ يَا رَبِّ أَصْحَابِي. فَيَقُولُإِنَّكَ لاَ عِلْمَ لَكَ بِمَا أَحْدَثُوا بَعْدَكَ، إِنَّهُمُ ارْتَدُّوا عَلَى أَدْبَارِهِمُ الْقَهْقَرَى ". Narrated Ibn Al-Musaiyab: The companions of the Prophet said, "Some men from my companions/sahaba will come to my Lake-Fount and they will be driven away from it, and I will say, 'O Lord, my companions / sahaba!' It will be said, 'You have no knowledge of what they innovated after you left: they turned apostate as renegades. Book 81, Hadith 174 حَدَّثَنَا مُسْلِمُ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ، حَدَّثَنَا وُهَيْبٌ، حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الْعَزِيزِ، عَنْ أَنَسٍ، عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ " لَيَرِدَنَّ عَلَىَّ نَاسٌ مِنْأَصْحَابِي الْحَوْضَ، حَتَّى عَرَفْتُهُمُ اخْتُلِجُوا دُونِي، فَأَقُولُ أَصْحَابِي. فَيَقُولُ لاَ تَدْرِي مَا أَحْدَثُوا بَعْدَكَ ". Narrated Anas: The Prophet said, "Some of my companions/sahaba will come to me at my Lake Fount, and after I recognize them, they will then be taken away from me, whereupon I will say, 'My companions!' Then it will be said, 'You do not know what they innovated (new things) in the religion after you." Book 81, Hadith 170 So there are companions / sahaba who clearly without a doubt upset and angered Fatimah, Ali and the family of the prophet. This family is referred to as Ahl Bayt, aali Muhamad, and are singled out in the Quran. Furthermore, it does not surprise me that the daughter of Abu Bakr who was also a controversial wife of the prophet, ended up militarily attacking Imam Ali when he finally became caliph, and when the cousin of Uthman (the third non-divinely appointed caliph) Muwawya likewise waged a war against Imam Ali, and organized Imam Hassan, son of Ali's poisoning. And When the son of this man Yazid, ended up getting Imam Hussain Decapitated, and then called himself 'Prince of Believers' and the Caliph for Muslims. This does not surprise me, and it also is not surprising that the Muslim Nation is in such a mess today, after having been run by so many questionable characters throughout history. let me conclude with this suni hadith, which is graded as "sahih" by Darussalam, coupled with a Quranic verse: كُنَّا عِنْدَ أُمِّ سَلَمَةَ فَتَذَاكَرْنَا الْمَهْدِيَّ فَقَالَتْ سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ـ صلى الله عليه وسلم ـ يَقُولُ " الْمَهْدِيُّ مِنْ وَلَدِ فَاطِمَةَ " . It was narrated that Sa'eed bin Musayyab said:"We were with Umm Salamah and we were discussing Mahdi. She said: 'I heard the Messenger of Allah say: "Mahdi will be one of the descendents of Fatimah." Book 36, Hadith 4224; Sunan Ibn Majah أم يحسدون الناس على ما آتاهم الله من فضله فقد آتينا آل إبراهيم الكتاب والحكمة وآتيناهم ملكا عظيما Or do they envy people for what Allah has given them of His bounty? But we had already given the family of Abraham the Scripture and wisdom and conferred upon them a great kingdom. 4:54 walaikum salaam
  4. Salam Alaikum In the modern Arab world the word fitna is used as religious divisions, or sectarian strife. The word 'fitnah' in the Quran is used in different ways to refer to trial, temptation, or simply a punishment. Sometimes it's not totally clear what the word truly means, but let us look at examples of how it is mentioned. I divided Fitna in the Quran into Fitna from God, and Fitna from others than God: I. Fitna From God: Fitnah is truly a scary dangerous thing: وَ مِنْهُم مَّن يَقُولُ ائْذَن لِّي وَ لَا تَفْتِنِّي ۚ أَلَا فِي الْفِتْنَةِ سَقَطُوا ۗ وَ إِنَّ جَهَنَّمَ لَمُحِيطَةٌ بِالْكَافِرِينَ And among them is he who says, "Permit me and do not put me to fitna ." Unquestionably, into fitnah they have fallen. And indeed, Hell will encompass the disbelievers. 9:49 واتقوا فتنة لا تصيبن الذين ظلموا منكم خاصة واعلموا أن الله شديد العقاب And fear fitna which will not strike those who have wronged among you exclusively, and know that Allah is severe in penalty. 82:5 Fitna as Gods' punishment: إِنَّا جَعَلْنَاهَا فِتْنَةً لِّلظَّالِمِينَ (Tree of Zaqqum) Indeed, We have made it a fitna for the wrongdoers. 37:63 إِنَّهَا شَجَرَةٌ تَخْرُجُ فِي أَصْلِ الْجَحِيمِ Indeed, it is a tree issuing from the bottom of the Hellfire, 37:64 ثُمَّ لَمْ تَكُن فِتْنَتُهُمْ إِلَّا أَن قَالُوا وَاللَّهِ رَبِّنَا مَا كُنَّا مُشْرِكِينَ Then there will be no [excuse upon] fitna/trial except they will say, "By Allah , our Lord, we were not those who associated." 6:23 يَوْمَ هُمْ عَلَى النَّارِ يُفْتَنُونَ the Day they will be placed into fitna over the Fire 51:13 ذُوقُوا فِتْنَتَكُمْ هَـٰذَا الَّذِي كُنتُم بِهِ تَسْتَعْجِلُونَ "Taste your fitna. This is that for which you were impatient." 51:14 وَمَا جَعَلْنَا أَصْحَابَ النَّارِ إِلَّا مَلَائِكَةً ۙ وَمَا جَعَلْنَا عِدَّتَهُمْ إِلَّا فِتْنَةً لِّلَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا لِيَسْتَيْقِنَ الَّذِينَ أُوتُوا الْكِتَابَ وَيَزْدَادَ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا إِيمَانًا ۙ وَلَا يَرْتَابَ الَّذِينَ أُوتُوا الْكِتَابَ وَالْمُؤْمِنُونَ ۙ وَلِيَقُولَ الَّذِينَ فِي قُلُوبِهِم مَّرَضٌ وَالْكَافِرُونَ مَاذَا أَرَادَ اللَّهُ بِهَـٰذَا مَثَلًا ۚ كَذَ‌ٰلِكَ يُضِلُّ اللَّهُ مَن يَشَاءُ وَيَهْدِي مَن يَشَاءُ ۚ وَمَا يَعْلَمُ جُنُودَ رَبِّكَ إِلَّا هُوَ ۚ وَمَا هِيَ إِلَّا ذِكْرَىٰ لِلْبَشَرِ And We have not made the keepers of the Fire except angels. And We have not made their number except as a fitna for those who disbelieve - that those who were given the Scripture will be convinced and those who have believed will increase in faith and those who were given the Scripture and the believers will not doubt and that those in whose hearts is hypocrisy and the disbelievers will say, "What does Allah intend by this as an example?" Thus does Allah leave astray whom He wills and guides whom He wills. And none knows the soldiers of your Lord except Him. And mention of the Fire is not but a reminder to humanity. 74:31 يَوْمَ هُمْ عَلَى النَّارِ يُفْتَنُونَ [it is] the Day they will be put into fitna over the Fire (annariyuftanoon) 51:13 ذُوقُوا فِتْنَتَكُمْ هَـٰذَا الَّذِي كُنتُم بِهِ تَسْتَعْجِلُونَ "Taste your fitna! This is what you were seeking to hasten."51:14 Persecution is fitna / trial: ثُمَّ إِنَّ رَبَّكَ لِلَّذِينَ هَاجَرُوا مِن بَعْدِ مَا فُتِنُوا ثُمَّ جَاهَدُوا وَصَبَرُوا إِنَّ رَبَّكَ مِن بَعْدِهَا لَغَفُورٌ رَّحِيمٌ Then, indeed your Lord, to those who emigrated after they had been put into fitna and thereafter fought and were patient - indeed, your Lord, after that, is Forgiving and Merciful 16:110 Moses put into fitna, which is a hard time and trial from God: وَقَتَلْتَ نَفْسًا فَنَجَّيْنَاكَ مِنَ الْغَمِّ وَفَتَنَّاكَ فُتُونًا ۚ فَلَبِثْتَ سِنِينَ فِي أَهْلِ مَدْيَنَ ثُمَّ جِئْتَ عَلَىٰ قَدَرٍ يَا مُوسَ And you killed someone, but We saved you from retaliation and tried you fitna. And you remained years among the people of Madyan. Then you came at the decreed time, O Moses. 20:40 Moses' 40 day absence was a trial/fitnah, which they failed: وَلَقَدْ قَالَ لَهُمْ هَارُونُ مِن قَبْلُ يَا قَوْمِ إِنَّمَا فُتِنتُم بِهِ ۖ وَإِنَّ رَبَّكُمُ الرَّحْمَـٰنُ فَاتَّبِعُونِي وَأَطِيعُوا أَمْرِي And Aaron had already told them before, "O my people, you are only being caused fitna by it and indeed, your Lord is the Most Merciful, so follow me and obey my order." 20:90 Prophet Solomon put into fitna by God: وَلَقَدْ فَتَنَّا سُلَيْمَانَ وَأَلْقَيْنَا عَلَىٰ كُرْسِيِّهِ جَسَدًا ثُمَّ أَنَابَ And We certainly put Solomon into fitna and placed on his throne a body; then he returned.. 38:34 قَالَ رَبِّ اغْفِرْ لِي وَهَبْ لِي مُلْكًا لَّا يَنبَغِي لِأَحَدٍ مِّن بَعْدِي ۖ إِنَّكَ أَنتَ الْوَهَّابُ He said, "My Lord, forgive me and grant me a kingdom such as will not belong to anyone after me. Indeed, You are the Bestower." 38:35 Pharaoh put into Fitna وَلَقَدْ فَتَنَّا قَبْلَهُمْ قَوْمَ فِرْعَوْنَ وَجَاءَهُمْ رَسُولٌ كَرِيمٌ And We had already placed into fitna before them the people of Pharaoh, and there came to them a noble messenger, 44:17 Fitna of enjoyment and glamour of the different financial classes: وَلَا تَمُدَّنَّ عَيْنَيْكَ إِلَىٰ مَا مَتَّعْنَا بِهِ أَزْوَاجًا مِّنْهُمْ زَهْرَةَ الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا لِنَفْتِنَهُمْ فِيهِ ۚ وَرِزْقُ رَبِّكَ خَيْرٌ وَأَبْقَىٰ And do not extend your eyes toward that by which We have given enjoyment to categories of them, the splendor of worldly life by which We cause fitna to them. And the provision of your Lord is better and more enduring. 20:131 وَإِنْ أَدْرِي لَعَلَّهُ فِتْنَةٌ لَّكُمْ وَمَتَاعٌ إِلَىٰ حِينٍ And I know not; perhaps it is a fitna for you and enjoyment for a time." 21:111 The necessity of being put into fitnah: أَحَسِبَ النَّاسُ أَن يُتْرَكُوا أَن يَقُولُوا آمَنَّا وَهُمْ لَا يُفْتَنُونَ Do the people think that they will be left to say, "We believe" and they will not be put through fitna? 29:2 Fitna being method of filtering out truthful ones: وَلَقَدْ فَتَنَّا الَّذِينَ مِن قَبْلِهِمْ ۖ فَلَيَعْلَمَنَّ اللَّهُ الَّذِينَ صَدَقُوا وَلَيَعْلَمَنَّ الْكَاذِبِينَ But We have certainly made fitna for those before them, and Allah will surely make evident those who are truthful, and He will surely make evident the liars. 29:3 Prophet David being tried/exposed to fitna: قَالَ لَقَدْ ظَلَمَكَ بِسُؤَالِ نَعْجَتِكَ إِلَىٰ نِعَاجِهِ ۖ وَإِنَّ كَثِيرًا مِّنَ الْخُلَطَاءِ لَيَبْغِي بَعْضُهُمْ عَلَىٰ بَعْضٍ إِلَّا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ وَقَلِيلٌ مَّا هُمْ ۗ وَظَنَّ دَاوُودُ أَنَّمَا فَتَنَّاهُ فَاسْتَغْفَرَ رَبَّهُ وَخَرَّ رَاكِعًا وَأَنَابَ ۩ [David] said, "He has certainly wronged you in demanding your ewe to his ewes. And indeed, many associates oppress one another, except for those who believe and do righteous deeds - and few are they." And David became certain that We had made fitna for him, and he asked forgiveness of his Lord and fell down bowing and turned in repentance [to Allah ]. 38:24 Remembrance of God key to success in matters of trial لِّنَفْتِنَهُمْ فِيهِ ۚ وَمَن يُعْرِضْ عَن ذِكْرِ رَبِّهِ يَسْلُكْهُ عَذَابًا صَعَدًا So We might make fitna for them therein. And whoever turns away from the remembrance of his Lord He will put into arduous punishment. 72:17 Magic as a trial / fitna: وَاتَّبَعُوا مَا تَتْلُو الشَّيَاطِينُ عَلَىٰ مُلْكِ سُلَيْمَانَ ۖ وَمَا كَفَرَ سُلَيْمَانُ وَلَـٰكِنَّ الشَّيَاطِينَ كَفَرُوا يُعَلِّمُونَ النَّاسَ السِّحْرَ وَمَا أُنزِلَ عَلَى الْمَلَكَيْنِ بِبَابِلَ هَارُوتَ وَمَارُوتَ ۚ وَمَا يُعَلِّمَانِ مِنْ أَحَدٍ حَتَّىٰ يَقُولَا إِنَّمَا نَحْنُ فِتْنَةٌ فَلَا تَكْفُرْ ۖ فَيَتَعَلَّمُونَ مِنْهُمَا مَا يُفَرِّقُونَ بِهِ بَيْنَ الْمَرْءِ وَزَوْجِهِ ۚ وَمَا هُم بِضَارِّينَ بِهِ مِنْ أَحَدٍ إِلَّا بِإِذْنِ اللَّهِ ۚوَيَتَعَلَّمُونَ مَا يَضُرُّهُمْ وَلَا يَنفَعُهُمْ ۚ وَلَقَدْ عَلِمُوا لَمَنِ اشْتَرَاهُ مَا لَهُ فِي الْآخِرَةِ مِنْ خَلَاقٍ ۚ وَلَبِئْسَ مَا شَرَوْا بِهِ أَنفُسَهُمْ ۚ لَوْ كَانُوا يَعْلَمُونَ And they followed what the devils had recited during the reign of Solomon. It was not Solomon who disbelieved, but the devils disbelieved, teaching people magic and that which was revealed to the two angels at Babylon, Harut and Marut. But the two angels do not teach anyone unless they say, "We are a fitna, so do not disbelieve." And they learn from them that by which they cause separation between a man and his wife. But they do not harm anyone through it except by permission of Allah . And the people learn what harms them and does not benefit them. But the Children of Israel certainly knew that whoever purchased the magic would not have in the Hereafter any share. And wretched is that for which they sold themselves, if they only knew. 2:102 One clearly needs to stay clear of fitna, and one way is by not trying to please good and bad people سَتَجِدُونَ آخَرِينَ يُرِيدُونَ أَن يَأْمَنُوكُمْ وَيَأْمَنُوا قَوْمَهُمْ كُلَّ مَا رُدُّوا إِلَى الْفِتْنَةِ أُرْكِسُوا فِيهَا ۚ فَإِن لَّمْ يَعْتَزِلُوكُمْ وَيُلْقُوا إِلَيْكُمُ السَّلَمَ وَيَكُفُّوا أَيْدِيَهُمْ فَخُذُوهُمْ وَاقْتُلُوهُمْ حَيْثُ ثَقِفْتُمُوهُمْ ۚ وَأُولَـٰئِكُمْ جَعَلْنَا لَكُمْ عَلَيْهِمْ سُلْطَانًا مُّبِينًا You will find others that wish to have security from you and security from their people. Every time they are sent back to fitna, they are cast back in it. If they withdraw not from you, nor offer you peace, nor restrain their hands, take (hold) of them and kill them wherever you find them. In their case, We have provided you with a clear warrant against them. 4:91 Fitna is completely in the hands of Allah: يَا أَيُّهَا الرَّسُولُ لَا يَحْزُنكَ الَّذِينَ يُسَارِعُونَ فِي الْكُفْرِ مِنَ الَّذِينَ قَالُوا آمَنَّا بِأَفْوَاهِهِمْ وَلَمْ تُؤْمِن قُلُوبُهُمْ ۛ وَمِنَ الَّذِينَ هَادُوا ۛسَمَّاعُونَ لِلْكَذِبِ سَمَّاعُونَ لِقَوْمٍ آخَرِينَ لَمْ يَأْتُوكَ ۖ يُحَرِّفُونَ الْكَلِمَ مِن بَعْدِ مَوَاضِعِهِ ۖ يَقُولُونَ إِنْ أُوتِيتُمْ هَـٰذَا فَخُذُوهُ وَإِن لَّمْ تُؤْتَوْهُ فَاحْذَرُوا ۚ وَمَن يُرِدِ اللَّهُ فِتْنَتَهُ فَلَن تَمْلِكَ لَهُ مِنَ اللَّهِ شَيْئًا ۚأُولَـٰئِكَ الَّذِينَ لَمْ يُرِدِ اللَّهُ أَن يُطَهِّرَ قُلُوبَهُمْ ۚ لَهُمْ فِي الدُّنْيَا خِزْيٌ ۖوَلَهُمْ فِي الْآخِرَةِ عَذَابٌ عَظِيمٌ O Messenger, let them not grieve you who hasten into disbelief of those who say, "We believe" with their mouths, but their hearts believe not, and from among the Jews. [They are] avid listeners to falsehood, listening to another people who have not come to you. They distort words beyond their [proper] usages, saying "If you are given this, take it; but if you are not given it, then beware." But he for whom Allah intends his fitnah - never will you possess [power to do] for him a thing against Allah . Those are the ones for whom Allah does not intend to purify their hearts. For them in this world is disgrace, and for them in the Hereafter is a great punishment. 5:41 Thinking that we can be exempt from fitna is wrong: وَحَسِبُوا أَلَّا تَكُونَ فِتْنَةٌ فَعَمُوا وَصَمُّوا ثُمَّ تَابَ اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِمْ ثُمَّ عَمُوا وَصَمُّوا كَثِيرٌ مِّنْهُمْ ۚ وَاللَّهُ بَصِيرٌ بِمَا يَعْمَلُونَ And they thought there would be no fitna, so they became blind and deaf. Then Allah turned to them in forgiveness; then [again] many of them became blind and deaf. And Allah is Seeing of what they do. 5:71 fitna as a means of guiding or sending people astray: وَاخْتَارَ مُوسَىٰ قَوْمَهُ سَبْعِينَ رَجُلًا لِّمِيقَاتِنَا ۖ فَلَمَّا أَخَذَتْهُمُ الرَّجْفَةُ قَالَ رَبِّ لَوْ شِئْتَ أَهْلَكْتَهُم مِّن قَبْلُ وَإِيَّايَ ۖ أَتُهْلِكُنَا بِمَا فَعَلَ السُّفَهَاءُ مِنَّا ۖ إِنْ هِيَ إِلَّا فِتْنَتُكَ تُضِلُّ بِهَا مَن تَشَاءُ وَتَهْدِي مَن تَشَاءُ ۖ أَنتَ وَلِيُّنَا فَاغْفِرْ لَنَا وَارْحَمْنَا ۖ وَأَنتَ خَيْرُ الْغَافِرِينَ And Moses chose from his people seventy men for Our appointment. And when the earthquake seized them, he said, "My Lord, if You had willed, You could have destroyed them before and me [as well]. Would You destroy us for what the foolish among us have done? This is not but Your fitna by which You send astray whom You will and guide whom You will. You are our Protector, so forgive us and have mercy upon us; and You are the best of forgivers. 7:155 وَمِنَ النَّاسِ مَن يَعْبُدُ اللَّهَ عَلَىٰ حَرْفٍ ۖ فَإِنْ أَصَابَهُ خَيْرٌ اطْمَأَنَّ بِهِ ۖوَإِنْ أَصَابَتْهُ فِتْنَةٌ انقَلَبَ عَلَىٰ وَجْهِهِ خَسِرَ الدُّنْيَا وَالْآخِرَةَ ۚ ذَ‌ٰلِكَ هُوَ الْخُسْرَانُ الْمُبِينُ And of the people is he who worships Allah on an edge. If he is touched by good, he is reassured by it; but if he is struck by trial, he turns on his face [to the other direction]. He has lost [this] world and the Hereafter. That is what is the manifest loss. 22:11 fitna affects good and bad people: وَاتَّقُوا فِتْنَةً لَّا تُصِيبَنَّ الَّذِينَ ظَلَمُوا مِنكُمْ خَاصَّةً ۖ وَاعْلَمُوا أَنَّ اللَّهَ شَدِيدُ الْعِقَابِ And fear tumult or oppression/ fitna, which affecteth not in particular (only) those of you who do wrong:and know that Allah is strict in punishment. 8:25 All our belongings and families are but a fitna: وَاعْلَمُوا أَنَّمَا أَمْوَالُكُمْ وَأَوْلَادُكُمْ فِتْنَةٌ وَأَنَّ اللَّهَ عِندَهُ أَجْرٌ عَظِيمٌ And know that your properties and your children are fitna and that Allah has with Him a great reward. 8:28 إِنَّمَا أَمْوَالُكُمْ وَأَوْلَادُكُمْ فِتْنَةٌ ۚ وَاللَّهُ عِندَهُ أَجْرٌ عَظِيمٌ Your wealth and your children are fitna, and Allah has with Him a great reward. 64:15 both good and bad in worldly life is fitna: كُلُّ نَفْسٍ ذَائِقَةُ الْمَوْتِ ۗ وَنَبْلُوكُم بِالشَّرِّ وَالْخَيْرِ فِتْنَةً ۖ وَإِلَيْنَا تُرْجَعُونَ Every soul will taste death. And We test you with evil and with good as fitna; and to Us you will be returned. 21:35 فَإِذَا مَسَّ الْإِنسَانَ ضُرٌّ دَعَانَا ثُمَّ إِذَا خَوَّلْنَاهُ نِعْمَةً مِّنَّا قَالَ إِنَّمَا أُوتِيتُهُ عَلَىٰ عِلْمٍ ۚ بَلْ هِيَ فِتْنَةٌ وَلَـٰكِنَّ أَكْثَرَهُمْ لَا يَعْلَمُونَ And when adversity touches man, he calls upon Us;then when We bestow on him a favor from Us, he says, "I have only been given it because of [my] knowledge." Rather, it is a fitna, but most of them do not know. 39:49 We must help believers, otherwise Allah will send great fitna to earth, such as the current situation: وإن استنصروكم في الدين فعليكم النصر إلا على قوم بينكم وبينهم ميثاق والله بما تعملون بصير And if they seek help of you for the religion, then you must help, except against a people between yourselves and whom is a treaty. And Allah is Seeing of what you do. 8:72 وَالَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا بَعْضُهُمْ أَوْلِيَاءُ بَعْضٍ ۚ إِلَّا تَفْعَلُوهُ تَكُن فِتْنَةٌ فِي الْأَرْضِ وَ فَسَادٌ كَبِيرٌ And those who disbelieved are allies of one another. If you do not do so, there will be fitnah on earth and great corruption. 8:73 Running away from fitna isn't the solution. one has to face it! At the same time trying to avoid fitna is itself falling into a fitna: وَمِنْهُم مَّن يَقُولُ ائْذَن لِّي وَلَا تَفْتِنِّي ۚ أَلَا فِي الْفِتْنَةِ سَقَطُوا ۗ وَإِنَّ جَهَنَّمَ لَمُحِيطَةٌ بِالْكَافِرِينَ And among them is he who says, "Permit me and do not put me to fitna. "Unquestionably, into fitna they have fallen. And indeed, Hell will encompass the disbelievers. 9:49 Result of disobeying Prophet: لَّا تَجْعَلُوا دُعَاءَ الرَّسُولِ بَيْنَكُمْ كَدُعَاءِ بَعْضِكُم بَعْضًا ۚ قَدْ يَعْلَمُ اللَّهُ الَّذِينَ يَتَسَلَّلُونَ مِنكُمْ لِوَاذًا ۚ فَلْيَحْذَرِ الَّذِينَ يُخَالِفُونَ عَنْ أَمْرِهِ أَن تُصِيبَهُمْفِتْنَةٌ أَوْ يُصِيبَهُمْ عَذَابٌ أَلِيمٌ Do not make [your] calling of the Messenger among yourselves as the call of one of you to another. Already Allah knows those of you who slip away, concealed by others. So let those beware who dissent from the Prophet's order, lest fitnah strike them or a painful punishment. 24:63 II. Fitna By creatures: The devil tempting and fooling is a form of fitna: يَا بَنِي آدَمَ لَا يَفْتِنَنَّكُمُ الشَّيْطَانُ كَمَا أَخْرَجَ أَبَوَيْكُم مِّنَ الْجَنَّةِ O children of Adam, let not Satan cause fitna you as he removed your parents from Paradise, 7:27 وَمَا أَرْسَلْنَا مِن قَبْلِكَ مِن رَّسُولٍ وَلَا نَبِيٍّ إِلَّا إِذَا تَمَنَّىٰ أَلْقَى الشَّيْطَانُ فِي أُمْنِيَّتِهِ فَيَنسَخُ اللَّهُ مَا يُلْقِي الشَّيْطَانُ ثُمَّ يُحْكِمُ اللَّهُ آيَاتِهِ ۗ وَاللَّهُ عَلِيمٌ حَكِيمٌ And We did not send before you any messenger or prophet except that when he spoke, Satan threw into it. But Allah abolishes that which Satan throws in; then Allah makes precise His verses. And Allah is Knowing and Wise. 22:52 لِّيَجْعَلَ مَا يُلْقِي الشَّيْطَانُ فِتْنَةً لِّلَّذِينَ فِي قُلُوبِهِم مَّرَضٌ وَالْقَاسِيَةِ قُلُوبُهُمْ ۗ وَإِنَّ الظَّالِمِينَ لَفِي شِقَاقٍ بَعِيدٍ [That is] so He may make what Satan throws in a fitna for those within whose hearts is disease and those hard ofheart. And indeed, the wrongdoers are in extreme dissension. 22:53 Purposefully putting others into fitna = crime punishable by hell إِنَّ الَّذِينَ فَتَنُوا الْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَالْمُؤْمِنَاتِ ثُمَّ لَمْ يَتُوبُوا فَلَهُمْ عَذَابُ جَهَنَّمَ وَلَهُمْ عَذَابُ الْحَرِيقِ Indeed, those who caused fitna to the believing men and believing women and then have not repented will have the punishment of Hell, and they will have the punishment of the Burning Fire. 85:10 Fitna is worse than killing! وَاقْتُلُوهُمْ حَيْثُ ثَقِفْتُمُوهُمْ وَأَخْرِجُوهُم مِّنْ حَيْثُ أَخْرَجُوكُمْ ۚ وَالْفِتْنَةُ أَشَدُّ مِنَ الْقَتْلِ ۚ وَلَا تُقَاتِلُوهُمْ عِندَ الْمَسْجِدِ الْحَرَامِ حَتَّىٰ يُقَاتِلُوكُمْ فِيهِ ۖ فَإِن قَاتَلُوكُمْ فَاقْتُلُوهُمْ ۗ كَذَ‌ٰلِكَ جَزَاءُ الْكَافِرِينَ And kill them wherever you overtake them and expel them from wherever they have expelled you, and fitnah is worse than killing. And do not kill them at the al- Haram Mosque until they kill you there. But if they kill you, then kill them. Such is the recompense of the disbelievers. 2:191 Fitna from people by people is a hurdle to realizing religion of Allah: وَقَاتِلُوهُمْ حَتَّىٰ لَا تَكُونَ فِتْنَةٌ وَيَكُونَ الدِّينُ لِلَّهِ ۖ فَإِنِ انتَهَوْا فَلَا عُدْوَانَ إِلَّا عَلَى الظَّالِمِينَ Kill them until there is no fitnah and worship is for Allah . But if they cease, then there is to be no aggression except against the oppressors. 2:193 Standing in the way of peoples faith, and preventing access to the holy mosque is fitna, and fitna is worse than killing. يَسْأَلُونَكَ عَنِ الشَّهْرِ الْحَرَامِ قِتَالٍ فِيهِ ۖ قُلْ قِتَالٌ فِيهِ كَبِيرٌ ۖ وَصَدٌّ عَن سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ وَكُفْرٌ بِهِ وَالْمَسْجِدِ الْحَرَامِ وَإِخْرَاجُ أَهْلِهِ مِنْهُ أَكْبَرُ عِندَ اللَّهِ ۚ وَالْفِتْنَةُ أَكْبَرُ مِنَ الْقَتْلِ ۗ وَلَا يَزَالُونَ يُقَاتِلُونَكُمْ حَتَّىٰ يَرُدُّوكُمْ عَن دِينِكُمْ إِنِ اسْتَطَاعُوا ۚ وَمَن يَرْتَدِدْ مِنكُمْ عَن دِينِهِ فَيَمُتْ وَهُوَ كَافِرٌ فَأُولَـٰئِكَ حَبِطَتْ أَعْمَالُهُمْ فِي الدُّنْيَا وَالْآخِرَةِ ۖ وَأُولَـٰئِكَ أَصْحَابُ النَّارِ ۖ هُمْ فِيهَا خَالِدُونَ They ask you about the sacred month - about killing therein. Say, "Killing therein is great (sin), but averting [people] from the way of Allah and disbelief in Him and al-Haram Mosque and the expulsion of its people therefrom are greater [evil] in the sight of Allah . And fitnah is greater than killing." And they will continue to kill you until they turn you back from your religion if they are able. And whoever of you reverts from his religion [to disbelief] and dies while he is a disbeliever - for those, their deeds have become worthless in this world and the Hereafter, and those are the companions of the Fire, they will abide therein eternally. 2:217 People who misinterpret Quran do so to seek fitna for others: هُوَ الَّذِي أَنزَلَ عَلَيْكَ الْكِتَابَ مِنْهُ آيَاتٌ مُّحْكَمَاتٌ هُنَّ أُمُّ الْكِتَابِ وَأُخَرُ مُتَشَابِهَاتٌ ۖ فَأَمَّا الَّذِينَ فِي قُلُوبِهِمْ زَيْغٌ فَيَتَّبِعُونَ مَا تَشَابَهَ مِنْهُ ابْتِغَاءَ الْفِتْنَةِ وَابْتِغَاءَ تَأْوِيلِهِ ۗ وَمَا يَعْلَمُ تَأْوِيلَهُ إِلَّا اللَّهُ ۗ وَالرَّاسِخُونَ فِي الْعِلْمِ يَقُولُونَ آمَنَّا بِهِ كُلٌّ مِّنْ عِندِ رَبِّنَا ۗ وَمَا يَذَّكَّرُ إِلَّا أُولُو الْأَلْبَابِ It is He who has sent down to you, the Book; in it are verses precise - they are the foundation of the Book - and others unspecific. As for those in whose hearts is deviation, they will follow that of it which is unspecific, seeking fitna and seeking an interpretation [suitable to them]. And no one knows its interpretation except Allah . But those firm in knowledge say, "We believe in it. All is from our Lord." And no one will be reminded except those of understanding. 3:7 The goal of jihad is to remove fitna from creatures, therefore fitna is the enemy of our religion: وَقَاتِلُوهُمْ حَتَّىٰ لَا تَكُونَ فِتْنَةٌ وَ يَكُونَ الدِّينُ كُلُّهُ لِلَّهِ ۚ فَإِنِ انتَهَوْا فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ بِمَا يَعْمَلُونَ بَصِيرٌ And kill them until there is no fitnah and [until] the religion, all of it, is for Allah . And if they cease - then indeed, Allah is Seeing of what they do. 8:39 Integrating hypocrites in an Islamic task force ends up with them causing fitna (in relation to fake believers who refuse to join Islamic endeavors): لَوْ خَرَجُوا فِيكُم مَّا زَادُوكُمْ إِلَّا خَبَالًا وَلَأَوْضَعُوا خِلَالَكُمْ يَبْغُونَكُمُ الْفِتْنَةَ وَفِيكُمْ سَمَّاعُونَ لَهُمْ ۗ وَاللَّهُ عَلِيمٌ بِالظَّالِمِينَ Had they gone forth with you, they would not have increased you except in confusion, and they would have been active among you, seeking you fitnah. And among you are avid listeners to them. And Allah is Knowing of the wrongdoers. 9:47 لَقَدِ ابْتَغَوُا الْفِتْنَةَ مِن قَبْلُ وَقَلَّبُوا لَكَ الْأُمُورَ حَتَّىٰ جَاءَ الْحَقُّ وَظَهَرَ أَمْرُ اللَّهِ وَهُمْ كَارِهُونَ They had already desired fitna before and had upset matters for you until the truth came and the ordinance of Allah appeared, while they were averse. 9:48 Asking Allah to stop us from being a fitna to wrongdoers (by Moses's people & by Abraham): فَقَالُوا عَلَى اللَّهِ تَوَكَّلْنَا رَبَّنَا لَا تَجْعَلْنَا فِتْنَةً لِّلْقَوْمِ الظَّالِمِينَ So they said, "Upon Allah do we rely. Our Lord, make us not fitna for the wrongdoing people 10:85 رَبَّنَا لَا تَجْعَلْنَا فِتْنَةً لِّلَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا وَاغْفِرْ لَنَا رَبَّنَا ۖ إِنَّكَ أَنتَ الْعَزِيزُ الْحَكِيمُ (Abraham said) Our Lord, make us not fitna for the disbelievers and forgive us, our Lord. Indeed, it is You who is the Exalted in Might, theWise." 60:5 Even though the fitna is from people, it is still traced back to Allah وَمَا أَرْسَلْنَا قَبْلَكَ مِنَ الْمُرْسَلِينَ إِلَّا إِنَّهُمْ لَيَأْكُلُونَ الطَّعَامَ وَيَمْشُونَ فِي الْأَسْوَاقِ ۗ وَجَعَلْنَا بَعْضَكُمْ لِبَعْضٍ فِتْنَةً أَتَصْبِرُونَ ۗ وَكَانَ رَبُّكَ بَصِيرًا And We did not send before you, any of the messengers except that they ate food and walked in the markets. And We have made some of you as fitna for others - will you have patience? And ever is your Lord, Seeing. 25:20 Placing oneself into fitna: يُنَادُونَهُمْ أَلَمْ نَكُن مَّعَكُمْ ۖ قَالُوا بَلَىٰ وَلَـٰكِنَّكُمْ فَتَنتُمْ أَنفُسَكُمْ وَتَرَبَّصْتُمْ وَارْتَبْتُمْ وَغَرَّتْكُمُ الْأَمَانِيُّ حَتَّىٰ جَاءَ أَمْرُ اللَّهِ وَغَرَّكُم بِاللَّهِ الْغَرُورُ They will be calling out to them, "Were we not with you?" They will say,"Yes indeed, but you placed yourselves into fitna, and you awaited, and you were suspicious, and fancies deluded you until the Command of Allah came, and the Deluder deluded you concerning Allah. 57:14 III. Narrations Concerning Fitna: Most Muslims use the term Fitna to be in relation to causing division in the Muslim world; therefore, there is a famous event that is usually referred to as "the First Fitna". This was a battle, where a wife of the prophet, and daughter of the the first self-proclaimed caliph Abu Bakr, attacked the followers of Imam Ali, in the "Battle of the Camel". It was the first time in Islamic history, that muslims openly and shamelessly attacked and killed other muslims. Interestingly enough, this event has been discussed clearly in suni hadiths, even though they have an open and strong bias towards the Aisha camp. The Prophet predicted this fitna to occur in their books as well: حَدَّثَنَا مُوسَى بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ، حَدَّثَنَا جُوَيْرِيَةُ، عَنْ نَافِعٍ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ـ رضى الله عنه ـ قَالَ قَامَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم خَطِيبًا فَأَشَارَ نَحْوَ مَسْكَنِ عَائِشَةَ فَقَالَ " هُنَا الْفِتْنَةُ ـ ثَلاَثًا ـ مِنْ حَيْثُ يَطْلُعُ قَرْنُ الشَّيْطَانِ ". Narrated `Abdullah: The Prophet stood up and delivered a sermon, and pointing to `Aisha's house, he said three times, "Here is the Fitna," and, "from where comes out the horn of Satan." Book 57, Hadith 13 Bukhari حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ، حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى بْنُ آدَمَ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو بَكْرِ بْنُ عَيَّاشٍ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو حَصِينٍ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو مَرْيَمَ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ زِيَادٍ الأَسَدِيُّ، قَالَ لَمَّا سَارَ طَلْحَةُ وَالزُّبَيْرُ وَعَائِشَةُ إِلَى الْبَصْرَةِ بَعَثَ عَلِيٌّ عَمَّارَ بْنَ يَاسِرٍ وَحَسَنَ بْنَ عَلِيٍّ، فَقَدِمَا عَلَيْنَا الْكُوفَةَ فَصَعِدَا الْمِنْبَرَ، فَكَانَ الْحَسَنُ بْنُ عَلِيٍّ فَوْقَ الْمِنْبَرِ فِي أَعْلاَهُ، وَقَامَ عَمَّارٌ أَسْفَلَ مِنَ الْحَسَنِ، فَاجْتَمَعْنَا إِلَيْهِ فَسَمِعْتُ عَمَّارًا يَقُولُ إِنَّ عَائِشَةَ قَدْ سَارَتْ إِلَى الْبَصْرَةِ، وَوَاللَّهِ إِنَّهَا لَزَوْجَةُ نَبِيِّكُمْ صلى الله عليه وسلم فِي الدُّنْيَا وَالآخِرَةِ، وَلَكِنَّ اللَّهَ تَبَارَكَ وَتَعَالَى ابْتَلاَكُمْ، لِيَعْلَمَ إِيَّاهُ تُطِيعُونَ أَمْ هِيَ. Narrated Abu Maryam `Abdullah bin Ziyad Al-Aasadi: When Talha, AzZubair and `Aisha moved to Basra, `Ali sent `Ammar bin Yasir and Hasan bin `Ali who came to us at Kufa and ascended the pulpit. Al-Hasan bin `Ali was at the top of the pulpit and `Ammar was below Al-Hasan. We all gathered before him. I heard `Ammar saying, "`Aisha has moved to Al-Busra. By Allah! She is the wife of your Prophet in this world and in the Hereafter. But Allah has put you to test whether you obey Him (Allah) or her (`Aisha). Bukhari Book 92, Hadith 51 What we can conclude is that Fitna from God is unstoppable, and that us causing others fitna is a crime. The word fitna itself is not the most clear cut word in Islam, making the word fitna itself a fitna for mankind. a trial and a test for us all. Let me conclude with a Shia Narration that contains fitna caused by people while using their beauty, including falling into adultery, as well as blaming affliction for falling into the fitna trap: H 14739 –Humeyd Bin Ziyad, from Al-Hassan Bin Muhammad Al-Kindy, from Ahmad Bin Al- Hassan Al-Maysamy, from Aban Bin usman, from Abdul A’la a slave of progeny of Saam who said: I heard Abu Abdullah saying: ‘On the Day of Judgement, they will bring abeautiful woman who had done Fitna (mischief) due to her beauty. So she will say,‘O Lord! You Created me beautiful until I did what I did. So they will come withMaryam (Mary) and say to her, ‘Are you more beautiful or her? She had beauty in her but did not do Fitna’. َ And they would come with the handsome man who had done Fitna due tohis beauty. So he will say, ‘O Lord! You Created me with beauty until I did withthe women what I did. So they will bring Yusuf and say, ‘Are you more handsomeor he is? He had beauty but did not do Fitna’. And they will come with the afflicted person who had been involved in Fitna due to his afflictions. So he will say, ‘O Lord! The intensity of theafflictions upon me were such that I did Fitna’. So they would come withAyyub (Job). So they would say, ‘Were your afflictions more severe or his afflictions?He was in afflictions but did not do Fitna’. Al Kafi Vol 8 May Allah remove all Fitna through us in sha Allah, walaikum salaam
  5. Salam Alaikum / Peace upon you The word Ahl is kind of like "people" and Bayt is "house". Yet these two words are the separation between the suni / shia divide. As a non-scholar nobody layperson, i'd like to take the liberty of discussing and proving some points showing that shias are on the right side when it comes to allegiance to Imam Ali vs. anybody else. From the Quran: Ahl Bayt .. is in reference to Bayt Allah وإذ جعلنا البيت مثابة للناس وأمنا واتخذوا من مقام إبراهيم مصلّى وعهدنا إلى إبراهيم وإسماعيل أن طهرا بيتي للطائفين والعاكفين والركع السجود And when We made the House a place of return for the people and security. And take, from the standing place of Abraham a place of prayer. And We charged (made a covenant with) Abraham and Ishmael, "Purify My House for those who perform Tawaf and those who are staying for worship and those who bow and prostrate." 2:125 .. notice that Allah clearly talks about His (God's) House. that the House is interchangeably referred to as a maqam, or standing-place of Ibrahim. This shows that the House is linked directly to a human, who is referred to as a shia/follower of Noah (Showing how family lineage is vital here): God divinely appointed Abraham and Ismail to be responsible for His House Abraham is a Shia of Noah: وإن من شيعته لإبراهيم And indeed, among his (Noah's) kind/follower/shia was Abraham, 37:83 The Ahl Bayt are the builders of God's House: وإذ يرفع إبراهيم القواعد من البيت وإسماعيل ربنا تقبل منا إنك أنت السميع العليم And when Abraham was raising the foundations of the House and Ishmael, [saying], "Our Lord, accept from us. Indeed You are the Hearing, the Knowing. 2:127 Safa and Marwa ritual as a symbol of the Ahl Bayt إن الصفا والمروة من شعائر الله فمن حج البيت أو اعتمر فلا جناح عليه أن يطوف بهما ومن تطوع خيرا فإن الله شاكر عليم Indeed, as-Safa and al-Marwah are among the symbols of Allah . So whoever makes Hajj to the House or performs 'umrah - there is no blame upon him for walking between them. And whoever volunteers good - then indeed, Allah is appreciative and Knowing. 2:158 .. the symbolic walking between the Safa and Marwah mountains, are in remembrance of the next custodian of the House in line after his father Ibrahim. To remember the suffering of the mother of Ismail, while he was a baby. Also as a symbolic urge to ask Allah for water, which is also representing life and faith, which emerges from the feet of the Custodian Ismail, to nurture all believers visiting Allah's House. Going To Hajj is visiting the Custodian & entering House is not physical: فيه آيات بينات مقام إبراهيم ومن دخله كان آمنا ولله على الناس حج البيت من استطاع إليه سبيلا ومن كفر فإن الله غني عن العالمين In it are clear signs the standing place of Abraham. And whoever enters it shall be safe. And to Allah from the people is a pilgrimage to the House - for whoever is able to find thereto a way. But whoever disbelieves - then indeed, Allah is free from need of the worlds. 3:97 I wonder how many people go to Hajj thinking about going to the standing point of Abraham, instead of thinking of that black box. This verse proves that the physical square is not the actual destination, because according to this verse, anybody who "enters it", will be safe. This can not be physically true, because as we all know during the prophet Mohamed's time there were more than 350 pagan statues inside being worshipping. and so the pagans who entered the physical House, were definitely not the ones meant in this verse as being "safe". The meaning here is the people who enter into the spiritual standing point of Ibrahim, the shia of Noah, the way our prophet is his shia, and Ali is the shia of Mohamed. It's a family spiritual lineage that can not be denied. So the journey is to the House, while being a journey to Ibrahim, and what his family stands for. Importance of "entering" the House through the acceptable way: يسألونك عن الأهلة قل هي مواقيت للناس والحج وليس البر بأن تأتوا البيوت من ظهورها ولكن البر من اتقى وأتوا البيوت من أبوابها واتقوا الله لعلكم تفلحون They ask you, about the new moons. Say, "They are measurements of time for the people and for Hajj." And it is not righteousness to enter houses from the back, but righteousness is one who fears Allah. And enter houses from their doors. And fear Allah that you may succeed. 2:189 .. interestingly, this verse mentions Hajj, then talks about importance of entering houses in a respectful way from the entrance. There is no house more important than God's House; therefore, one must enter it symbolically through the correct respectable entrance, which is symbolized by the consent of it's rightful guardians, keepers and maintainers. Access to the Bayt only with permission of its Ahl: يا أيها الذين آمنوا لا تدخلوا بيوتا غير بيوتكم حتى تستأنسوا وتسلموا على أهلها ذلكم خير لكم لعلكم تذكرون O you who have believed, do not enter houses other than your own houses until you ascertain welcome and greet their ahl. That is best for you; perhaps you will be reminded. 24:27 this above verse is extremely powerful and proves shia doctrine of "wilaya" or the right of caliphate of Imam Ali and the ahl bayt after him. The logic goes that the ahl of the House of Allah need to be asked to access the House. They are basically the bosses of that House, and therefore, its custodians. So, if God commissioned those people to be in charge of this most important and vital location, then all other locations, which submit to this House, must also submit to the final say of the people chosen for that superior House and task. It is not possible to say: "ok, you are in charge of the House of God, and i'll be in charge of the rest" .. because if a person is good enough to care for the House of God, then it's an insult to God, to claim superiority in jurisdiction and level of faith. The persons commissioned to purify the House of God, will also be the most pure ones to purify the earth, as God is the Sustainer of the heavens and the earth. The only issue here would be to find out who the ahl bayt are are during the time of the prophet and his passing away. Thankfully this is not a controversial issue, which will be shown below from accepted suni narrations. Ahl Bayt also include Jesus, and the chosen descendants of Prophet Isaac's line: قالوا أتعجبين من أمر الله رحمت الله وبركاته عليكم أهل البيت إنه حميد مجيد They said, "Are you amazed at the decree of Allah ? May the mercy of Allah and His blessings be upon you, people of the house / ahl el bayt. Indeed, He is Praiseworthy and Honorable." 11:73 so this above verse, is in reference to Isaac and Jacob, children of Abraham as well, showing how all chosen descendants of Prophet Abraham are parts of the same spiritual family, and custodians of God's House. (And his Wife was standing, and she smiled. Then We gave her good tidings of Isaac and after Isaac, Jacob. 11:71). In the short chapter Quraysh, Allah reminds the extended Quraysh family of His House: فليعبدوا رب هذا البيت Let them worship the Lord of this House, 106:3 The first 3 self-proclaimed caliphs were from the same tribe as prophet mohamed and imam ali, called Quraysh, but were not divinely chosen as Ahl Bayt. So this chapter serves as a reminder of the God of that House. Being a Qurayshi was not enough to be chosen member of Ahl Bayt. The chosen Ahl Bayt were not just anybody from close relatives of the Prophets; they were chosen by God: Proof of this is that all muslims unanimously agree on the person specifically being cursed in the quran in chapter 111 Al Masad. It is in reference to the prophet's uncle known by his nick name of Abu Lahab, and his real name being 'Abd al-'Uzza ibn 'Abd al-Muttalib who were the Ahl Bayt during the prophet Mohamed's time (other than the prophet, and hence his successor)? there are several highly accepted narrations from suni most authentic books that reveal without a doubt that Imam Ali and his descendants with the prophets daughter Sayida Fatima, are in fact the future "ahl bayt" or Custodians of the House (agreeing with shia narrations as well). for instance the following narrations: حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو بَكْرِ بْنُ أَبِي شَيْبَةَ، وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ نُمَيْرٍ، - وَاللَّفْظُ لأَبِي بَكْرٍ - قَالاَ حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ بِشْرٍ، عَنْ زَكَرِيَّاءَ، عَنْ مُصْعَبِ بْنِ شَيْبَةَ، عَنْ صَفِيَّةَ بِنْتِ شَيْبَةَ، قَالَتْ قَالَتْ عَائِشَةُ خَرَجَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم غَدَاةً وَعَلَيْهِ مِرْطٌ مُرَحَّلٌ مِنْ شَعْرٍ أَسْوَدَ فَجَاءَ الْحَسَنُبْنُ عَلِيٍّ فَأَدْخَلَهُ ثُمَّ جَاءَ الْحُسَيْنُ فَدَخَلَ مَعَهُ ثُمَّ جَاءَتْ فَاطِمَةُ فَأَدْخَلَهَا ثُمَّ جَاءَ عَلِيٌّ فَأَدْخَلَهُ ثُمَّ قَالَ { إِنَّمَا يُرِيدُ اللَّهُ لِيُذْهِبَ عَنْكُمُ الرِّجْسَأَهْلَ الْبَيْتِ وَيُطَهِّرَكُمْ تَطْهِيرًا} 'A'isha reported that Allah's Apostle (pbuh) went out one morning wearing a striped cloak of the black camel's hair that there came Hasan b. 'Ali. He wrapped him under it, then came Husain and he wrapped him under it along with the other one (Hasan). Then cameFatima and he took her under it, then came 'Ali and he also took him under it and then said: Allah only desires to take away any uncleanliness from you, O Ahl Bayt, and purify you (thorough purifying) (Muslim) Book 44, Hadith 91 and .. ثَنَا قُتَيْبَةُ، حَدَّثَنَا حَاتِمُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ، عَنْ بُكَيْرِ بْنِ مِسْمَارٍ، هُوَ مَدَنِيٌّ ثِقَةٌ عَنْ عَامِرِ بْنِ سَعْدِ بْنِ أَبِي وَقَّاصٍ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، قَالَ لَمَّا أَنْزَلَ اللَّهُ هَذِهِ الآيَةَ : ( نَدْعُ أَبْنَاءَنَا وَأَبْنَاءَكُمْ ) دَعَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم عَلِيًّا وَفَاطِمَةَ وَحَسَنًا وَحُسَيْنًا فَقَالَ " اللَّهُمَّ هَؤُلاَءِ أَهْلِي " . قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى هَذَا حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ غَرِيبٌ صَحِيحٌ . Narrated 'Amir bin Sa'd bin Abi Waqqas from his father who said: "When this Ayah was revealed: 'Come, let us call our sons and your sons, our women and your women... (3:61)' the Messenger of Allah called 'Ali, Fatimah, Hasan and Husain and said: 'O Allah! This is my ahl.'" Jami` at-Tirmidhi, Book 47, Hadith 3269 so logic goes: additionally, to the fact that those chosen individuals referred to as "Ahl Bayt" are superior in the quran, to the extent that they are repeatedly referred to, including with Allah's intention to purify them (33:33) .. simple pure logic:Allah commissioned custodians for His House Therefore the custodians (Imam Ali etc), are in charge of the House The responsibility of purification of God's House is a divinely superior task of spiritual leadership hence the spiritual descendants of Abrahams standing are the caliphs/leaders of God's way let us conclude with another narration, that shias and sunis share in common, concerning the importance .. the obvious importance of the Ahl Bayt: أما بعد، ألا أيها الناس، فإنما أنا بشر يوشك أن يأتي رسول ربي فأجيب، وأنا تارك فيكم ثقلين. أولهما كتاب الله، فيه الهدى والنور، فخذوا بكتاب الله، واستمسكوا به. فحث على كتاب الله، ورغب فيه ثم قال: "وأهل بيتي أذكركم الله في أهل بيتي، أذكركم الله في أهل بيتي O people, I am a human being. I am about to receive a messenger (the angel of death) from my Rabb and I will respond to Allah's Call, but I am leaving with you two weighty things: the first is the Book of Allah, in which there is right guidance and light, so hold fast to the Book of Allah and adhere to it.' He exhorted (us to hold fast) to the Book of Allah and then said, 'The second is my Ahl Bayt, I remind you of my Ahl Bayt. I remind you of my Ahl Bayt. (Muslim) Book 1, Hadith 346 walaikum salaam
  6. Salam Alaikum I've noticed from Suni narrations that there are several fishy things going on around the prophets death. Conflicting Accounts of exactly how the prophet died, by Aisha: Scenario 1. Aisha describes death after accusations that Ali was chosen as successor - The prophet asked for a vessel - He died suddenly without Aisha noticing it, and fell to the side حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ، أَخْبَرَنَا أَزْهَرُ، أَخْبَرَنَا ابْنُ عَوْنٍ، عَنْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ، عَنِ الأَسْوَدِ، قَالَ ذُكِرَ عِنْدَ عَائِشَةَ أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَوْصَى إِلَى عَلِيٍّ، فَقَالَتْ مَنْ قَالَهُ لَقَدْ رَأَيْتُ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَإِنِّي لَمُسْنِدَتُهُ إِلَى صَدْرِي، فَدَعَا بِالطَّسْتِ فَانْخَنَثَ فَمَاتَ، فَمَا شَعَرْتُ، فَكَيْفَ أَوْصَى إِلَى عَلِيٍّ Narrated Al-Aswad: It was mentioned in the presence of `Aisha that the Prophet had appointed `Ali as successor by will. Thereupon she said, "Who said so? I saw the Prophet, while I was supporting him against my chest. He asked for a tray, and then fell on one side and expired, and I did not feel it. So how (do the people say) he appointed `Ali as his successor?" Book 64, Hadith 475 Bukhari وَحَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى بْنُ يَحْيَى، وَأَبُو بَكْرِ بْنُ أَبِي شَيْبَةَ - وَاللَّفْظُ لِيَحْيَى - قَالَ أَخْبَرَنَا إِسْمَاعِيلُ ابْنُ عُلَيَّةَ، عَنِ ابْنِ عَوْنٍ، عَنْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ، عَنِ الأَسْوَدِ بْنِ يَزِيدَ، قَالَ ذَكَرُوا عِنْدَ عَائِشَةَ أَنَّ عَلِيًّا كَانَ وَصِيًّا فَقَالَتْ مَتَى أَوْصَى إِلَيْهِ فَقَدْ كُنْتُ مُسْنِدَتَهُ إِلَى صَدْرِي - أَوْ قَالَتْ حَجْرِي - فَدَعَا بِالطَّسْتِ فَلَقَدِ انْخَنَثَ فِي حَجْرِي وَمَا شَعَرْتُ أَنَّهُ مَاتَ فَمَتَى أَوْصَى إِلَيْهِ. Aswad b. Yazid reported: It was mentioned before A'isha that will had been made (by the Holy Prophet) in favour of 'Ali (as the Prophet's first caliph), whereupon she said: When did he make will in his favour? I had been providing support to him (to the Holy Prophet) with my chest (or with my lap). He asked for a tray, when he fell in my lap (relaxing his body), and I did not realise that he had breathed his last. When did he make any will in his ('Ali's) favour? Reference : Muslim Book 25, Hadith 28 أَخْبَرَنَا عَمْرُو بْنُ عَلِيٍّ، قَالَ أَنْبَأَنَا أَزْهَرُ، أَنْبَأَنَا ابْنُ عَوْنٍ، عَنْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ، عَنِ الأَسْوَدِ، عَنْ عَائِشَةَ، قَالَتْ يَقُولُونَ إِنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَوْصَى إِلَى عَلِيٍّ لَقَدْ دَعَا بِالطَّسْتِ لِيَبُولَ فِيهَا فَانْخَنَثَتْ نَفْسُهُ وَمَا أَشْعُرُ فَإِلَى مَنْ أَوْصَى قَالَ الشَّيْخُ أَزْهَرُ هُوَ ابْنُ سَعْدٍ السَّمَّانُ .It was narrated that 'Aishah said:"They say that the Prophet made a will for 'Ali, but he called for a basin in which to urinate, then he went flaccid suddenly (and died), so how could he leave a will?!" Vol. 1, Book 1, Hadith 33 Sunan an-Nasa'i Scenario 2. - Abdel Rahman bin Abu Bakr was present - the Prophet cleaned his teeth -then suddenly his hands dropped and he died حَدَّثَنَا سُلَيْمَانُ بْنُ حَرْبٍ، حَدَّثَنَا حَمَّادُ بْنُ زَيْدٍ، عَنْ أَيُّوبَ، عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي مُلَيْكَةَ، عَنْ عَائِشَةَ ـ رضى الله عنها ـ قَالَتْ تُوُفِّيَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم فِي بَيْتِي وَفِي يَوْمِي، وَبَيْنَ سَحْرِي وَنَحْرِي، وَكَانَتْ إِحْدَانَا تُعَوِّذُهُ بِدُعَاءٍ إِذَا مَرِضَ، فَذَهَبْتُ أُعَوِّذُهُ، فَرَفَعَ رَأْسَهُ إِلَى السَّمَاءِ وَقَالَ " فِي الرَّفِيقِ الأَعْلَى فِي الرَّفِيقِ الأَعْلَى ". وَمَرَّ عَبْدُ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنُ أَبِي بَكْرٍ وَفِي يَدِهِ جَرِيدَةٌ رَطْبَةٌ، فَنَظَرَ إِلَيْهِ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَظَنَنْتُ أَنَّ لَهُ بِهَا حَاجَةً فَأَخَذْتُهَا، فَمَضَغْتُ رَأْسَهَا وَنَفَضْتُهَا فَدَفَعْتُهَا إِلَيْهِ، فَاسْتَنَّ بِهَا كَأَحْسَنِ مَا كَانَ مُسْتَنًّا ثُمَّ نَاوَلَنِيهَا فَسَقَطَتْ يَدُهُ ـ أَوْ سَقَطَتْ مِنْ يَدِهِ ـ فَجَمَعَ اللَّهُ بَيْنَ رِيقِي وَرِيقِهِ فِي آخِرِ يَوْمٍ مِنَ الدُّنْيَا وَأَوَّلِ يَوْمٍ مِنَ الآخِرَةِ. Narrated `Aisha: The Prophet expired in my house and on the day of my turn, leaning against my chest. One of us (i.e. the Prophet's wives ) used to recite a prayer asking Allah to protect him from all evils when he became sick. So I started asking Allah to protect him from all evils (by reciting a prayer ). He raised his head towards the sky and said, "With the highest companions, with the highest companions." `Abdur- Rahman bin Abu Bakr passed carrying a fresh leaf-stalk of a date-palm and the Prophet looked at it and I thought that the Prophet was in need of it (for cleaning his teeth ). So I took it (from `Abdur Rahman) and chewed its head and shook it and gave it to the Prophet who cleaned his teeth with it, in the best way he had ever cleaned his teeth, and then he gave it to me, and suddenly his hand dropped down or it fell from his hand (i.e. he expired). So Allah made my saliva mix with his saliva on his last day on earth and his first day in the Hereafter. Book 64, Hadith 471 Bukhari Scenario 3 - Aisha and prophet are alone - Prophet called for vessel أَخْبَرَنِي أَحْمَدُ بْنُ سُلَيْمَانَ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا عَارِمٌ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا حَمَّادُ بْنُ زَيْدٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ عَوْنٍ، عَنْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ، عَنِ الأَسْوَدِ، عَنْ عَائِشَةَ، قَالَتْ تُوُفِّيَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَلَيْسَ عِنْدَهُ أَحَدٌ غَيْرِي - قَالَتْ - وَدَعَا بِالطَّسْتِ. It was narrated that 'Aishah said:"The Messenger of Allah died when no one was with him except me." She said: "And he called for a vessel." Grade: Sahih (Darussalam)Reference : Sunan an-Nasa'i Book 30, Hadith 15; Chapter: Did The Prophet Make A Will? Scenario 4. - Abdul Rahman is there - Prophet cleans his teeth - Prophet washes his face - Prophet made supplications out loud till he died and his hands dropped حَدَّثَنِي مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عُبَيْدٍ، حَدَّثَنَا عِيسَى بْنُ يُونُسَ، عَنْ عُمَرَ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ، قَالَ أَخْبَرَنِي ابْنُ أَبِي مُلَيْكَةَ، أَنَّ أَبَا عَمْرٍو، ذَكْوَانَ مَوْلَى عَائِشَةَ أَخْبَرَهُ أَنَّ عَائِشَةَ كَانَتْ تَقُولُ إِنَّ مِنْ نِعَمِ اللَّهِ عَلَىَّ أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم تُوُفِّيَ فِي بَيْتِي وَفِي يَوْمِي، وَبَيْنَ سَحْرِي وَنَحْرِي، وَأَنَّ اللَّهَ جَمَعَ بَيْنَ رِيقِي وَرِيقِهِ عِنْدَ مَوْتِهِ، دَخَلَ عَلَىَّ عَبْدُ الرَّحْمَنِ وَبِيَدِهِ السِّوَاكُ وَأَنَا مُسْنِدَةٌ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَرَأَيْتُهُ يَنْظُرُ إِلَيْهِ، وَعَرَفْتُ أَنَّهُ يُحِبُّ السِّوَاكَ فَقُلْتُ آخُذُهُ لَكَ فَأَشَارَ بِرَأْسِهِ أَنْ نَعَمْ، فَتَنَاوَلْتُهُ فَاشْتَدَّ عَلَيْهِ وَقُلْتُ أُلَيِّنُهُ لَكَ فَأَشَارَ بِرَأْسِهِ أَنْ نَعَمْ، فَلَيَّنْتُهُ، وَبَيْنَ يَدَيْهِ رَكْوَةٌ ـ أَوْ عُلْبَةٌ يَشُكُّ عُمَرُ ـ فِيهَا مَاءٌ، فَجَعَلَ يُدْخِلُ يَدَيْهِ فِي الْمَاءِ فَيَمْسَحُ بِهِمَا وَجْهَهُ يَقُولُ " لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ، إِنَّ لِلْمَوْتِ سَكَرَاتٍ ". ثُمَّ نَصَبَ يَدَهُ فَجَعَلَ يَقُولُ " فِي الرَّفِيقِ الأَعْلَى ". حَتَّى قُبِضَ وَمَالَتْ يَدُهُ. Narrated Aisha: It was one of the favors of Allah towards me that Allah's Messenger expired in my house on the day of my turn while he was leaning against my chest and Allah made my saliva mix with his saliva at his death. `Abdur-Rahman entered upon me with a Siwak in his hand and I was supporting (the back of) Allah's Messenger (against my chest ). I saw the Prophet looking at it (i.e. Siwak) and I knew that he loved the Siwak, so I said ( to him ), "Shall I take it for you ? " He nodded in agreement. So I took it and it was too stiff for him to use, so I said, "Shall I soften it for you ?" He nodded his approval. So I softened it and he cleaned his teeth with it. In front of him there was a jug or a tin, (The sub-narrator, `Umar is in doubt as to which was right) containing water. He started dipping his hand in the water and rubbing his face with it, he said, "None has the right to be worshipped except Allah. Death has its agonies." He then lifted his hands (towards the sky) and started saying, "With the highest companion," till he expired and his hand dropped down. Book 64, Hadith 469 Bukhari Scenario 5. - Prophet fixed his eyes on the ceiling - Prophet said supplications, then died حَدَّثَنِي عَبْدُ الْمَلِكِ بْنُ شُعَيْبِ بْنِ اللَّيْثِ بْنِ سَعْدٍ، حَدَّثَنِي أَبِي، عَنْ جَدِّي، حَدَّثَنِي عُقَيْلُ بْنُ خَالِدٍ، قَالَ قَالَ ابْنُ شِهَابٍ أَخْبَرَنِي سَعِيدُ بْنُ الْمُسَيَّبِ، وَعُرْوَةُ بْنُ الزُّبَيْرِ، فِي رِجَالٍ مِنْ أَهْلِ الْعِلْمِ أَنَّ عَائِشَةَ زَوْجَ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَتْ كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَقُولُ وَهُوَ صَحِيحٌ " إِنَّهُ لَمْ يُقْبَضْ نَبِيٌّ قَطُّ حَتَّى يَرَى مَقْعَدَهُ فِي الْجَنَّةِ ثُمَّ يُخَيَّرُ " . قَالَتْ عَائِشَةُ فَلَمَّا نَزَلَ بِرَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَرَأْسُهُ عَلَى فَخِذِي غُشِيَ عَلَيْهِ سَاعَةً ثُمَّ أَفَاقَ فَأَشْخَصَ بَصَرَهُ إِلَى السَّقْفِ ثُمَّ قَالَ " اللَّهُمَّ الرَّفِيقَ الأَعْلَى " . قَالَتْ عَائِشَةُ قُلْتُ إِذًا لاَ يَخْتَارُنَا . قَالَتْ عَائِشَةُ وَعَرَفْتُ الْحَدِيثَ الَّذِي كَانَ يُحَدِّثُنَا بِهِ وَهُوَ صَحِيحٌ فِي قَوْلِهِ " إِنَّهُ لَمْ يُقْبَضْ نَبِيٌّ قَطُّ حَتَّى يَرَى مَقْعَدَهُ مِنَ الْجَنَّةِ ثُمَّ يُخَيَّرُ " . قَالَتْ عَائِشَةُ فَكَانَتْ تِلْكَ آخِرُ كَلِمَةٍ تَكَلَّمَ بِهَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَوْلَهُ " اللَّهُمَّ الرَّفِيقَ الأَعْلَى " . 'A'isha, the wife of Allah's Apostle, reported that he used to say: Never a prophet dies in a state that he is not made to see his abode in Paradise, and then given a choice. 'A'isha said that when Allah's Messenger was about to leave the world, his head was over her thigh and he had fallen into swoon three times. When he felt relief his eyes were fixed at the ceiling. He then said: O Allah, along with the high companions. (On hearing these words), I then said (to myself) He is not going to opt us and I remembered a hadith which he had narrated to us as he was healthy and in which he said: No prophet dies until he sees his abode in Paradise, he is then given a choice. 'A'isha said: These were the last words which Allah's Messenger spoke (the words are): O Allah, with companions on High.Book 44, Hadith 127 Muslim there is one more narration that is mentioned many times, and raises suspicion: حَدَّثَنَا مُسَدَّدٌ، حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى، عَنْ سُفْيَانَ، حَدَّثَنَا مُوسَى بْنُ أَبِي عَائِشَةَ، عَنْ عُبَيْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ، قَالَ قَالَتْ عَائِشَةُ لَدَدْنَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فِي مَرَضِهِ، وَجَعَلَ يُشِيرُ إِلَيْنَا " لاَ تَلُدُّونِي ". قَالَ فَقُلْنَا كَرَاهِيَةُ الْمَرِيضِ بِالدَّوَاءِ، فَلَمَّا أَفَاقَ قَالَ " أَلَمْ أَنْهَكُمْ أَنْ تَلُدُّونِي ". قَالَ قُلْنَا كَرَاهِيَةٌ لِلدَّوَاءِ. فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم " لاَ يَبْقَى مِنْكُمْ أَحَدٌ إِلاَّ لُدَّ ـ وَأَنَا أَنْظُرُ ـ إِلاَّ الْعَبَّاسَ فَإِنَّهُ لَمْ يَشْهَدْكُمْ ". Narrated `Aisha: We poured medicine into the mouth of Allah's Messenger during his illness, and he pointed out to us intending to say, "Don't pour medicine into my mouth." We thought that his refusal was out of the aversion a patient usually has for medicine. When he improved and felt a bit better he said (to us.) "Didn't I forbid you to pour medicine into my mouth?" We said, "We thought (you did so) because of the aversion, one usually have for medicine." Allah's Messenger said, "There is none of you but will be forced to drink medicine, and I will watch you, except Al-`Abbas, for he did not witness this act of yours." Reference : Book 87, Hadith 36 Bukhari .. question is: why would the prophet force the people to drink the medicine? That sounds rather like he was suspicious of it being something harmful like poison. anyway, as a summary, it is very suspicious that: there are various narrations pointing towards Aisha being questioned regarding caliphate of Ali the descriptions of the prophets death are inconsistent there is not a single mention of any companion performing funeral prayer, or burial rites the prophet did not trust aisha and other bystanders nor their medicine there is no mention prophets family members at time of death walaikum salaam
  7. بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم In The Name of Allah, The All-Merciful, The Ever-Merciful. 1:1 Already the first sentence of the Noble Quran includes the Names of Allah that show His Mercy/Compassion/Forgiveness/Forbearance/etc. from root word Rahma in Arabic. This first sentence in all 114 but one chapter (Tawba/ Repentance (9) ), shows us how vital the theme of Mercy is in Islam. The first verse of the "Opening" 1:1 Chapter of the Quran, as well as a repeat two verses later in # 1:3, have those unique most merciful Names of Allah. So thinking of Mercy is the opening of opening chapter of the Quran, and can also be seen as the key to it. Notice that the Quran ends with the verse "Of the jinn and the people" 114:6 من الجنة والناس So the Quran order starts with Allah al Rahman al Raheem, and ends with Jin and people. Here are verses of the Noble Quran that show how vital forgiving other people is: The issue of eye for an eye is in context of what was revealed in Torah Old Testament, while giving up this right is encouraged in form of charity: إنا أنزلنا التوراة فيها هدى ونور يحكم بها النبيون الذين أسلموا للذين هادوا والربانيون والأحبار بما استحفظوا من كتاب الله وكانوا عليه شهداء فلا تخشوا الناس واخشون ولا تشتروا بآياتي ثمنا قليلا ومن لم يحكم بما أنزل الله فأولئك هم الكافرون Indeed, We sent down the Torah, in which was guidance and light. The prophets who submitted judged by it for the Jews, as did the rabbis and scholars by that with which they were entrusted of the Scripture of Allah , and they were witnesses thereto. So do not fear the people but fear Me, and do not exchange My verses for a small price. And whoever does not judge by what Allah has revealed - then it is those who are the disbelievers. 5:44 و كتبنا عليهم فيها أن النفس بالنفس والعين بالعين والأنف بالأنف والأذن بالأذن والسن بالسن و الجروح قصاص فمن تصدق بهفهو كفارة له ومن لم يحكم بما أنزل الله فأولئك هم الظالمون And We ordained for them therein a life for a life, an eye for an eye, a nose for a nose, an ear for an ear, a tooth for atooth, and for wounds is legal retribution. But whoever gives [up his right as]charity, it is an expiation for him (mending of sins). And whoever does not judge by what Allah has revealed - then it is those who are the wrongdoers. 5:45 again, this verse shows that even as muslims we should judge people by their own books, and the eye for an eye issue is part of Jewish books: و أنزلنا إليك الكتاب بالحق مصدقا لما بين يديه من الكتاب ومهيمنا عليه فاحكم بينهم بما أنزل الله ولا تتبع أهواءهم عما جاءك من الحق لكلّ جعلنا منكم شرعة و منهاجا و لو شاء الله لجعلكم أمة واحدة و لكن ليبلوكم في ما آتاكم فاستبقوا الخيرات إلى الله مرجعكم جميعا فينبئكم بما كنتم فيه تختلفون And We have revealed to you, the Book in truth, confirming that which preceded it of the Scripture and as a criterion over it. So judge between them by what Allah has revealed and do not follow their inclinations away from what has come to you of the truth. To each of you We prescribed a law and a method. Had Allah willed, He would have made you one nation [united in religion], but [He intended] to test you in what He has given you; so race to [all that is] good. To Allah is your return all together, and He will [then] inform you concerning that over which you used to differ. 5:48 Forgiving the people of the book who may try to remove us from our religion due to envy: و د كثير من أهل الكتاب لو يردونكم من بعد إيمانكم كفارا حسدا من عند أنفسهم من بعد ما تبين لهم الحق فاعفوا واصفحوا حتى يأتي الله بأمره إن الله على كل شيء قدير Many of the People of the Scripture wish they could turn you back to disbelief after you have believed, out of envy from themselves [even] after the truth has become clear to them. So pardon and overlook until Allah delivers His command. Indeed, Allah is over all things competent. 2:109 forgiveness as precaution: قول معروف ومغفرة خير من صدقة يتبعها أذى و الله غني حليم Kind speech and forgiveness are better than charity followed by injury. And Allah is Free of need and Forbearing. 2:63 forgiveness as means to maintain loyalty: فبما رحمة من الله لنت لهم و لو كنت فظّا غليظ القلب لانفضوا من حولك فاعف عنهم و ا ستغفر لهم و شاورهم في الأمر فإذا عزمت فتوكل على الله إن الله يحب المتوكلين So by mercy from Allah, you were lenient with them. And if you had been rude and harsh in heart,they would have disbanded from about you. So pardon them and ask forgiveness for them and consult them in the matter. And when you have decided, then rely upon Allah . Indeed, Allah loves those who rely [upon Him]. 3:159 wether we forgive or not, will make no difference in the outcome: إن ينصركم الله فلا غالب لكم و إن يخذلكم فمن ذا الذي ينصركم من بعده و على الله فليتوكل المؤمنون If Allah should aid you, no one can overcome you; but if He should forsake you, who is there that can aid you after Him? And upon Allah let the believers rely. 3:160 Allah commanding us to forgive: خذ العفو وأ مر بالعرف و أعرض عن الجاهلين Hold to forgiveness ( 3afwa ); command what is right; But turn away from the ignorant. 7:199 forgive beautifully with future in mind: و ما خلقنا السماوات وا لأرض و ما بينهما إلا بالحق و إن الساعة لآتية فاصفح الصفح الجميل And We have not created the heavens and earth and that between them except in truth. And indeed, the Hour is coming; so forgive with gracious (gamil) forgiveness. 15:85 recipe for success in Islam: و الذين يجتنبون كبائر الإثم والفواحش و إذا ما غضبوا هم يغفرون And those who avoid the major sins and immoralities, and when they are angry, they forgive, 42:37 و الذين استجابوا لربهم و أقاموا الصلاة و أمرهم شورى بينهم و مما رزقناهم ينفقون And those who have responded to their lord and established prayer and whose affair is [determined by] consultation among themselves, and from what We have provided them, they spend. 42:38 و الذين إذا أصابهم البغي هم ينتصرون And those who, when tyranny strikes them, they defend themselves, 42:39 و جزاء سيئة سيئة مثلها فمن عفا و أصلح فأجره على الله إنه لا يحب الظالمين And the retribution for an evil act is an evil one like it, but whoever pardons and makes reconciliation - his reward is [due] from Allah . Indeed, He does not like wrongdoers. 42:40 و لمن انتصر بعد ظلمه فأولئك ما عليهم من سبيل And whoever avenges himself after having been wronged - those have not upon them any cause [for blame]. 42:41 إنما السبيل على الذين يظلمون الناس و يبغون في الأرض بغير الحق أولئك لهم عذاب أليم The cause is only against the ones who wrong the people and tyrannize upon the earth without right. Those will have a painful punishment. 42:42 و لمن صبر وغفر إن ذلك لمن عزم الأمور And whoever is patient and forgives - indeed,that is of the matters [requiring] determination. 42:43 Forgiving people who deny truth to enable Divine Justice, as a way to set stage for recompense. Ironically Allah tells us here that we should forgive in order to He may punish His enemies. subhan Allah ! For the people awaiting Justice, this verse is really deep! قل للذين آمنوا يغفروا للذين لا يرجون أيام الله ليجزي قوما بما كانوا يكسبون Say, to those who have believed that they forgive those who expect not the days of Allah so that He may recompense a people for what they used to earn. 45:14 Forgiving enemy spouses and kids according to Noble Quran. Not only this, but even our forgiveness from Allah is linked to our forgiveness of our enemy family members: يا أيها الذين آمنوا إن من أزواجكم وأولادكم عدوّا لكم فاحذروهم و إن تعفوا وتصفحوا وتغفروا فإن الله غفور رحيم O you who have believed, indeed, among your wives and your children are enemies to you, so beware of them. But if you pardon and overlook and forgive - then indeed, Allah is Forgiving and Merciful. 64:14 Prophet Joseph was envied, thrown in a well by his brother, then sold off as a slave. What did he end up doing? He forgave them for it and gave them shelter. لقد كان في يوسف و إخوته آيات للسائلين Certainly were there in Joseph and his brothers signs for those who ask, 12:7 they repented, both prophet Joseph and Jacob forgave them: قالوا تالله لقد آثرك الله علينا و إن كنا لخاطئين They said, "By Allah , certainly has Allah preferred you over us, and indeed, we have been sinners." 12:91 قال لا تثريب عليكم اليوم يغفر الله لكم و هو أرحم الراحمين He ( Joseph ) said, "No blame will there be upon you today. Allah will forgive you; and He is the most merciful of the merciful." 12:92 قال سوف أستغفر لكم ربي إنه هو الغفور الرحيم He ( Jacob )said, "I will ask forgiveness for you from my Lord. Indeed, it is He who is the Forgiving, the Merciful." 12:98 فلما دخلوا على يوسف آوى إليه أبويه وقال ادخلوا مصر إن شاء الله آمنين And when they entered upon Joseph, he took his parents to himself and said, "Enter Egypt, Allah willing, safe." 12:99 Again Merciful forms of retribution for murder, as manifestations of God's Mercy: يا أيها الذين آمنوا كتب عليكم القصاص في القتلى الحر بالحر والعبد بالعبد والأنثى بالأنثى فمن عفي له من أخيه شيء فاتباع بالمعروف و أداء إليه بإحسان ذلك تخفيف من ربكم ورحمة فمن اعتدى بعد ذلك فله O you who have believed, prescribed for you is legal retribution for those murdered - the free for the free, the slave for the slave, and the female for the female. But whoever overlooks from his brother anything, then there should be a suitable follow-up and payment to him with good conduct. This is an alleviation from your Lord and a mercy.But whoever transgresses after that will have a painful punishment. 2:178 forgiving the deceiving, word-distorting, forgetful children of Israel who are cursed by God, after breaking their divine Covenant. It is highly interesting here that Allah tells us how He cursed people, and in the same verse asks us to forgive them: و لقد أخذ الله ميثاق بني إسرائيل و بعثنا منهم اثني عشر نقيبا و قال الله إني معكم لئن أقمتم الصلاة و آتيتم الزكاة و آمنتم برسلي و عزرتموهم و أقرضتم الله قرضا حسنا لأكفرن عنكم سيئاتكم ولأدخلنكم جنات تجري من تحتها الأنهار فمن كفر بعد ذلك منكم فقد ضل سواء السبيل And Allah had already taken a covenant from the Children of Israel, and We delegated from among them twelve leaders. And Allah said, "I am with you. If you establish prayer and give zakah and believe in My messengers and support them and loan Allah a goodly loan, I will surely remove from you your misdeeds and admit you to gardens beneath which rivers flow. But whoever of you disbelieves after that has certainly strayed from the soundness of the way." 5:12 فبما نقضهم ميثاقهم لعناهم و جعلنا قلوبهم قاسية يحرفون الكلم عن مواضعه ونسوا حظّا مما ذكروا به و لا تزال تطلع على خائنة منهم إلا قليلا منهم فاعف عنهم واصفح إن الله يحب المحسنين So for their breaking of the covenant We cursed them and made their hearts hard. They distort words from their usages and have forgotten a portion of that of which they were reminded. And you will still observe deceit among them, except a few of them. But pardon them and overlook. Indeed, Allah loves the doers of good. 5:13 A beautiful connection between us pardoning and overlooking, and God forgiving us as the ultimate Forgiver. Basically, if we want Allah to forgive us, then we must forgive fellow creatures, subhan Allah, alhamdulilah staghfr Allah Al Atheem. و لا يأتل أولو الفضل منكم و السعة أن يؤتوا أولي القربى والمساكين و المهاجرين في سبيل الله و ليعفوا وليصفحوا ألا تحبون أن يغفر الله لكم و الله غفور رحيم And let not those of virtue among you and wealth swear not to give to their relatives and the needy and the emigrants forthe cause of Allah , and let them pardon and overlook. Would you not like that Allah should forgive you? And Allah is Forgiving and Merciful. 24:22 Again, a link between seeking Allah's forgiveness by forgiving others. Also restraining anger being a bridge to pardoning people. Pardoning is a key to the promised gardens: و سارعوا إلى مغفرة من ربكم و جنة عرضها السماوات والأرض أعدت للمتقين And hasten to forgiveness from your Lord and a garden as wide as the heavens and earth, prepared for the righteous 3:133 الذين ينفقون في السراء و الضراء و الكاظمين الغيظ والعافين عن الناس و الله يحب المحسنين Who spend during ease and hardship and who restrain anger and who pardon the people - and Allah loves the doers of good; 3:134 How to react upon hearing bad speech. By sending good speech or simply peace: و إذا سمعوا اللغو أعرضوا عنه وقالوا لنا أعمالنا و لكم أعمالكم سلام عليكم لا نبتغي الجاهلين And when they hear ill speech, they turn awayfrom it and say, "For us are our deeds, and for you are your deeds. Peace upon you; we seek not the ignorant." 28:55 again close to giving the other cheek of Jesus (notice the previous verse says we must turn away in peace) The idea of repelling bad with good, is key theme in Islam. The point is that this opens the doors to people's salvation, which is the ultimate goal. Forgiving people for their sake as well as ours, in divine benefit of God. و لا تستوي الحسنة و لا السيئة ادفع بالتي هي أحسن فإذا الذي بينك وبينه عداوة كأنه ولي حميم And not equal are the good deed and the bad. Repel by that which is better; and thereupon the one whom between you and him is enmity as though he was a devoted friend. 41:34 Again pardoning being something Allah loves and leads to Him pardoning us: إن تبدوا خيرا أو تخفوه أو تعفوا عن سوء فإن الله كان عفوّا قديرا If you show good or conceal it or pardon an offense - then surely Allah is ever Pardoning and Competent.. 4:149 Now when we look at some narrations of our Prophet and Imams "The best deed of a great man is to forgive and forget." Nahjul Balagha Sermon 203 pitying the sinner, looking at our own sins as greater than those of others can help (not taking our own salvation for granted), overlooking other people's sins: Those who do not commit sins and have been gifted with safety (from sins) should take pity on sinners and other disobedient people. Gratefulness should be mostly their indulgence and it should prevent them from (finding faults with) others. What about the backbiter who blames his brother and finds fault with him? Does he not remember that Allah has concealed the sins which he committed while they were bigger than his brother's sins pointed out by him? How can he vilify him about his sins when he has himself committed one like it? Even if he has not committed a similar sin he must have committed bigger ones. By Allah, even ifhe did not commit big sins but committed only small sins, his exposing the sins of people is itself a big sin. O creature of Allah, do not be quick in exposition anyone's sin for he may be forgiven for it, and do not feel yourself safe even for a small sin because you may be punished for it. Therefore, every one of you who comes to know the faults of others should not expose them in view of what he knows about his own faults, and he should remain busy in thanks that he has been saved from what others have been indulging in. Nahjul Balagha Sermon 140 Interesting Sayings from Nahjul Balagha about ideal context of forgiving and how one can do so via thankfulness to God: 10. If you overpower your enemy, then pardon him by way of thankfulness to Allah, for being able to subdue him. 52. Only he who has the power to punish can pardon. 203. The best deed of a great man is to forgive and forget. Here is one of the most powerful instances of pure forgiveness in history of Islam. Imam Ali telling us how he forgives the man who just fatally back-stabbed him while praying in the Kufi Mosque, and asks his family and shias to forgive his murderer as well. Also, notice that the reason for forgiving is so that Allah may forgive us. Not only this, but he even seems to be thankful and welcoming his martyrdom. Even if we follow the Laws of God and follow legal retribution, it's in our benefit to forgive them in our hearts. Until yesterday I was your Amir (Prince), today I am only an object from whom you can take lesson and warnings, and tomorrow I shall part company with you. If I survive this fatal wound I shall be at liberty to decide how to treat the man who attempted to kill me. If I die then my worldly life comes to an end. If I forgive my assassin then it will be to gain the Blessings of Allah for forgiving a person who has harmed you, and it will be a good deed if you also forgive him. Do you not desire to be forgiven by the Lord? I swear by Allah that death is not coming to me suddenly and unexpectedly that I may hate or abhor, neither is it such a visitor whom I may refuse to meet. So far as death by martyrdom is concerned I always expected and desired it and I now welcome it like a thirsty person who finds water when he is extremely thirsty. I am a seeker whom martyrdom finds what he was seeking for. To the pious people the best is that which they find with Allah. Nahjul Balagha Letter 23 Our dear Prophet's words: H ,1777CH ,49h 1 Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from ‘Abd Allah ibn Sinan from abu ‘Abd Allah, recipient of divine supreme covenant, who has said the following: “The Messenger of Allah said in a sermon, ‘Should I tell you what is the best faculty of creatures of this world and of the next world? It is forgiveness for those who do injustice to you, to establish good relations with those who ignore you, to do favors to those who harm you and to give to those who deprive you.’” al-Kafi Volume 2 H ,1784CH ,49h 8 Itis narrated from him from ibn Faddal who has said the following: “I heard abu al-Hassan, recipient of divine supreme covenant, saying, ‘Whenever two hostile parties face each other, the one who forgives to a greater degree comes out victorious.’” al-Kafi Volume 2 Imam Ali: “Pardoning is the zakat (obligatory charity) of triumph.” Bihar al-Anwar, Volume 75, Page 268 117. To bear enmity towards the people is the worst provision for the journey to the Hereafter. (MUSNAD AL IMAM REZA (A.S.), VOL1, P 292) It is worth mentioning at this point back to Quran, that chronologically the last verse that came down through our prophet is 110:3, Suret Nasr / Victory Chapter فسبح بحمد ربك و استغفره إنه كان توابا "Then exalt with praise of your Lord and ask forgiveness of Him. Indeed, He is ever Accepting of repentance." This is a nice way to end this note, by emphasizing the vital importance of asking for forgiveness. thank you, fi aman ilah walaikum salaam
  8. Salam Alaikum The theme of thanks, praise and appreciation is possibly the most important theme in Islam. Most believers in God will be aware of this, but it is good to remind, while sharing knowledge and details that others are possibly not aware of. Looking especially at the Generous Quran will highlight the significance of this in front of God. The first words after standard intro verse 1:1 is Alhamdu lilah, Praise to God in 1:2 The arabic words most common in the Quran for thanks/ grateful & praise are shukr and hamd. Some examples of Significance: From the Quran it can be derived that: thankfulness is opposite of disbelief (kufr) God created everything around us for sake of our thankfulness The aim of Satan is to prove we are ungrateful Being thankful is a prerequisite for worship Gratefulness result of Fear of Allah Purification and Ablution is a means to the end of gratefulness Allah's protection, rewards, favors, guidance directly linked to thankfulness Allah is Grateful, and we should strive to follow His way Most people are not grateful Everything praises God The final call in Heaven will be praise Praise as result of knowledge, reasoning and humbleness Allah's Names are Al-Shakur الشكور (the Thankful) and Al-Hameed الحميد (the Praiseworthy) Following are some verses that contain the word shukr and hamd with brief comments: Shukr/Thanks: ( mentioned 75 times in 6 different forms ) The reasons why Allah forgives us, is so we may be thankful: ثم عفونا عنكم من بعد ذلك لعلكم تشكرون Then We forgave you after that so perhaps you would be grateful. 2:52 Remembering linked to being grateful فاذكروني أذكركم و اشكروا لي و لا تكفرون So remember Me; I will remember you. And be grateful to Me and do not deny Me. 2:152 Allah is Al Shakur .. He is Grateful و من تطوع خيرا فإن الله شاكر عليم And whoever volunteers good - then indeed, Allah is appreciative and Knowing. 2:158 being grateful as pre-requisite for worship: يا أيها الذين آمنوا كلوا من طيبات ما رزقناكم و اشكروا لله إن كنتم إياه تعبدون O you who have believed, eat from the good things which We have provided for you and be grateful to Allah if it is Him that you worship. 2:172 Fearing Allah results in gratefulness و لقد نصركم الله ببدر و أنتم أذلة فاتقوا الله لعلكم تشكرون And already had Allah given you victory at Badr while you were few in number. Then fear Allah ; perhaps you will be grateful. 3:123 Keeping faith after Prophet is linked to being gratefulness و ما محمد إلا رسول قد خلت من قبله الرسل أفإن مات أو قتل انقلبتم على أعقابكم ومن ينقلب على عقبيه فلن يضر الله شيئا و سيجزي الله الشاكرين Muhammad is not but a messenger. Messengers have passed on before him. So if he was to die or be killed, would you turn back on your heels [to unbelief]? And he who turns back on his heels will never harm Allah at all; but Allah will reward the grateful. 3:144 Allah's reward is linked to being grateful: و ما كان لنفس أن تموت إلا بإذن الله كتابا مؤجلا و من يرد ثواب الدنيا نؤته منها و من يرد ثواب الآخرة نؤته منها و سنجزي الشاكرين And it is not [possible] for one to die except by permission of Allah at a decree determined. And whoever desires the reward of this world - We will give him thereof; and whoever desires the reward of the Hereafter - We will give him thereof. And we will reward the grateful. 3:145 Immunity from Allah's punishment due to gratefulness: ما يفعل الله بعذابكم إن شكرتم و آمنتم و كان الله شاكرا عليما What would Allah do with your punishment if you are grateful and believe? And ever is Allah Appreciative and Knowing. 4:147 The aim of Allah's favor, ritual ablution, and purification culminates to becoming grateful. Seems like gratefulness is the goal of Islam: يا أيها الذين آمنوا إذا قمتم إلى الصلاة فاغسلوا و جوهكم و أيديكم إلى المرافق و امسحوا برءوسكم و أرجلكم إلى الكعبين وإن كنتم جنبا فاطهروا و إن كنتم مرضى أو على سفر أو جاء أحد منكم من الغائط أو لامستم النساء فلم تجدوا ماء فتيمموا صعيدا طيبا فامسحوا بوجوهكم و أيديكم منه ما يريد الله ليجعل عليكم من حرج ولكن يريد ليطهركم و ليتم نعمته عليكم لعلكم تشكرون O you who have believed, when you rise to prayer, wash your faces and your forearms to the elbows and wipe overyour heads and wash your feet to the ankles. And if you are in a state of janabah, then purify yourselves. But if you are ill or on a journey or one of you comes from the place of relieving himself or you have contacted women and do not find water, then seek clean earth and wipe over your faces and hands with it. Allah does not intend to make difficulty for you, but He intends to purify you and complete His favor upon you that you may be grateful. 5:6 Aim of clear Quran is to achieve gratefulness: ذلك يبين الله لكم آياته لعلكم تشكرون Thus does Allah make clear to you His verses that you may be grateful. 5:89 being favored by Allah again linked to being thankful: و كذلك فتنا بعضهم ببعض ليقولوا أهؤلاء من الله عليهم من بيننا أليس الله بأعلم بالشاكرين And thus We have tried some of them through others that the disbelievers might say, "Is it these whom Allah has favored among us?" Is not Allah most knowing of those who are grateful? 6:53 Gratefulness as the ultimate covenant here: قل من ينجيكم من ظلمات البر و البحر تدعونه تضرعا و خفية لئن أنجانا من هذه لنكونن من الشاكرين Say: "Who rescues you from the darkness of the land and the sea, when you call upon Him in humility and in secret (saying): If He only saves us from this, we shall truly begrateful." 6:63 Satan name-of-the game is proving ungratefulness (that is his ultimate aim): قال أنظرني إلى يوم يبعثون said, "Reprieve me until the Day they are resurrected." 7:14 قال إنك من المنظرين [ Allah ] said, "Indeed, you are of those reprieved." 7:15 قال فبما أغويتني لأقعدن لهم صراطك المستقيم [satan] said, "Because You have put me in error, I will surely sit in wait for them on Your straight path. 7:16 ثم لآتينهم من بين أيديهم و من خلفهم و عن أيمانهم و عن شمائلهم و لا تجد أكثرهم شاكرين Then I will come to them from before them and from behind them and on their right and on their left, and You will not find most of them grateful." 7:17 The signs of the creations created for the grateful people: و البلد الطيب يخرج نباته بإذن ربه و الذي خبث لا يخرج إلا نكدا كذلك نصرف الآيات لقوم يشكرون And the good land - its vegetation emerges by permission of its Lord; but that which is bad - nothing emerges except sparsely, with difficulty. Thus do We diversify the signs for a people who are grateful. 7:58 After Allah chose Moses as a messenger, this privilege made him among the thankful (being superior means being more thankful): قال يا موسى إني اصطفيتك على الناس برسالاتي و بكلامي فخذ ما آتيتك و كن من الشاكرين [ Allah ] said, "O Moses, I have chosen you over the people with My messages and My words [to you]. So take what I have given you and be among the grateful."7:144 Reason for Allah protecting, supporting, providing is, is so that we may be thankful و اذكروا إذ أنتم قليل مستضعفون في الأرض تخافون أن يتخطفكم الناس فآواكم و أيدكم بنصره و رزقكم من الطيبات لعلكم تشكرون And remember when you were few and oppressed in the land, fearing that people might abduct you, but He sheltered you, supported you with His victory, and provided you with good things - that you might be grateful. 8:26 Being thankful associated to increasing what good we have got, and lack thereof being reason for punishment: و إذ تأذن ربكم لئن شكرتم لأزيدنكم و لئن كفرتم إن عذابي لشديد And when your Lord announced: "If you are grateful, I will certainly give you increase, but if you are ungrateful, My punishment is severe."' 14: 7 Point of our birth, learning, senses, being gratefulness: و الله أخرجكم من بطون أمهاتكم لا تعلمون شيئا و جعل لكم السمع و الأبصار و الأفئدة لعلكم تشكرون And Allah has extracted you from the wombs ofyour mothers not knowing a thing, and He made for you hearing and vision and intellect that perhaps you would be grateful. 16:78 Again, we must also be thankful as pre requisite for worship: فكلوا مما رزقكم الله حلالا طيبا و اشكروا نعمت الله إن كنتم إياه تعبدون Then eat of what Allah has provided for you lawful and good. And be grateful for the favor of Allah , if it is Him that you worship. 16:114 After Prophet Ibrahim was grateful, Allah chose him as prophet: شاكرا لأنعمه اجتباه وهداه إلى صراط مستقيم (Ibrahim was] grateful for His favors. Allah chose him and guided him to a straight path. 16:121 Gratefulness the ultimate criteria: ذرية من حملنا مع نوح إنه كان عبدا شكورا O descendants of those We carried with Noah. Indeed, he was a grateful servant. 17:3 God created everything we use for us to be grateful: Animals, livestock, food: و البدن جعلناها لكم من شعائر الله لكم فيها خير فاذكروا اسم الله عليها صواف فإذا وجبت جنوبها فكلوا منها وأطعموا القانع و المعتر كذلك سخرناها لكم لعلكم تشكرون And the camels and cattle We have appointed for you as among the symbols of Allah ; for you therein is good. So mention the name of Allah upon them when lined up; and when they are on their sides, then eat from them and feed the needy and the beggar. Thus have We subjected them to you that you may be grateful. 22:36 Day and Night: و هو الذي جعل الليل و النهار خلفة لمن أراد أن يذكر أو أراد شكورا And He is the One Who has made the night and day-time a succession for whomever is willing to constantly remember or whomever is willing to give constant thanks(shukura). 25:62 Wind and ships: و من آياته أن يرسل الرياح مبشرات و ليذيقكم من رحمته و لتجري الفلك بأمره و لتبتغوا من فضله و لعلكم تشكرون And of His signs is that He sends the winds as bringers of good tidings and to let you taste His mercy and so the ships may sail at His command and so you may seek of His bounty, and perhaps you will be grateful. 30:46 ألم تر أن الفلك تجري في البحر بنعمت الله ليريكم من آياته إن في ذلك لآيات لكل صبار شكور Do you not see that ships sail through the sea by the favor of Allah that He may show you of His signs? Indeed in that are signs for everyone patient and grateful. 31:31 The Sea, Sea food, ships etc.: و هو الذي سخر البحر لتأكلوا منه لحما طريّا و تستخرجوا منه حلية تلبسونها و ترى الفلك مواخر فيه و لتبتغوا من فضله ولعلكم تشكرون And it is He who subjected the sea for you to eat from it tender meat and to extract from it ornaments which you wear. And you see the ships plowing through it, and that you may seek of His bounty; and perhaps you will be grateful. 16:14 Defense: و علمناه صنعة لبوس لكم لتحصنكم من بأسكم فهل أنتم شاكرون And We taught him the fashioning of coats of armor to protect you from your battle. So will you then be grateful? 21:80 Fruits: ليأكلوا من ثمره و ما عملته أيديهم أفلا يشكرون That they may eat of His fruit. And their hands have not produced it, so will they not be grateful? 36:35 Prophet Solomon asked Allah to increase his gratefulness: فتبسم ضاحكا من قولها و قال رب أوزعني أن أشكر نعمتك التي أنعمت علي وعلى و الدي و أن أعمل صالحا ترضاه و أدخلني برحمتك في عبادك الصالحين So [solomon] smiled, amused at her speech, and said, "My Lord, enable me to be grateful for Your favor which You have bestowed upon me and upon my parents and to do righteousness of which You approve. And admit me by Your mercy into [the ranks of] Your righteous servants." 27:19 Our gratefulness only being for our own benefit, and favors being a trial to see if we are grateful: قال الذي عنده علم من الكتاب أنا آتيك به قبل أن يرتد إليك طرفك فلما رآه مستقرّا عنده قال هذا من فضل ربي ليبلوني أأشكر أم أكفر ومن شكر فإنما يشكر لنفسه و من كفر فإن ربي غني كريم Said one who had knowledge from the Scripture, "I will bring it to you before your glance returns to you." And when [solomon] saw it placed before him, he said, "This is from the favor of my Lord to test me whether I will be grateful or ungrateful. And whoever is grateful - his gratitude is only for himself. And whoever is ungrateful - then indeed, my Lord is Free of need and Generous." 27:40 Opposite of gratefulness is kufr: و لقد آتينا لقمان الحكمة أن اشكر لله و من يشكر فإنما يشكر لنفسه و من كفر فإن الله غني حميد And We had certainly given Luqman wisdom [and said], "Be grateful to Allah ." And whoever is grateful is grateful for himself. And whoever denies (kafara) - then indeed, Allah is Free of need and Praiseworthy. 31:12 إن تكفروا فإن الله غني عنكم و لا يرضى لعباده الكفر و إن تشكروا يرضه لكم و لا تزر وا زرة وزر أخرى ثم إلى ربكم مرجعكم فينبئكم بما كنتم تعملون إنه عليم بذات الصدور If you disbelieve - indeed, Allah is Free from need of you. And He does not approve for His servants disbelief (kufr). And if you are grateful, He approves it for you; and no bearer of burdens will bear the burden of another. Then to your Lord is your return, and He will inform you about what you used to do. Indeed, He is Knowing of that within the breasts. 39:7 إنا هديناه السبيل إما شاكرا و إما كفورا Surely We have guided him upon the way, whether he be thankful or kafir. 76:3 Special emphasis on thankfulness towards parents / mothers : و وصينا الإنسان بوالديه حملته أمه وهنا على وهن و فصاله في عامين أن اشكر لي و لوالديك إلي المصير And We have enjoined upon man [care] for his parents. His mother carried him, in weakness upon weakness, and his weaning is in two years. Be grateful to Me and to your parents; to Me is the destination. 31:14 Result of worshipping Allah = being among the grateful بل الله فاعبد و كن من الشاكرين Rather, worship Allah and be among the grateful. 39:66 Allah is Thankful: ذلك الذي يبشر الله عباده الذين آمنوا و عملوا الصالحات قل لا أسألكم عليه أجرا إلا المودة في القربى و من يقترف حسنة نزد له فيها حسنا إن الله غفور شكور It is that of which Allah gives good tidings to His servants who believe and do righteous deeds. Say, "I do not ask you for this message any payment [but] only good will in kinship."And whoever commits a good deed - We will increase for him good therein. Indeed, Allah is Forgiving and Appreciative (Shakur). 42:23 إن تقرضوا الله قرضا حسنا يضاعفه لكم و يغفر لكم و الله شكور حليم If you loan Allah a goodly loan, He will multiply it for you and forgive you. And Allah is Appreciative (wallahu shakoorun) and Forbearing. 64:17 إن هذا كان لكم جزاء و كان سعيكم مشكورا [And it will be said], "Indeed, this is for you a reward, and your effort has been appreciated(mashkoora)." 76:22 When we do things for others we should not expect anything in return, only from Allah: و يطعمون الطعام على حبه مسكينا و يتيما و أسيرا And they give food in spite of love for it to the needy, the orphan, and the captive, 76:8 إنما نطعمكم لوجه الله لا نريد منكم جزاء و لا شكورا "We feed you only for the countenance ofAllah . We wish not from you reward or gratitude. 76:9 Most are not grateful: أكثر الناس لا يشكرون most of the people do not show gratitude. 2:243 و لقد مكناكم في الأرض و جعلنا لكم فيها معايش قليلا ما تشكرون And We have certainly established you upon the earth and made for you therein ways of livelihood. Little are you grateful. 7:10 و ما ظن الذين يفترون على الله الكذب يوم القيامة إن الله لذو فضل على الناس و لكن أكثرهم لا يشكرون And what will be the supposition of those who invent falsehood about Allah on the Day of Resurrection? Indeed, Allah is full of bounty to the people, but most of them are not grateful." 10:60 و اتبعت ملة آبائي إبراهيم و إسحاق و يعقوب ما كان لنا أن نشرك بالله من شيء ذلك من فضل الله علينا وعلى الناس ولكن أكثر الناس لا يشكرون And I have followed the religion of my fathers, Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. And it was not for us to associate anything with Allah. That is from the favor of Allah upon us and upon the people, but most of the people are not grateful. 12:38 و هو الذي أنشأ لكم السمع و الأبصار و الأفئدة قليلا ما تشكرون And it is He who produced for you hearing and vision and hearts; little are you grateful. 23:78 و إن ربك لذو فضل على الناس و لكن أكثرهم لا يشكرون And indeed, your Lord is full of bounty for the people, but most of them do not show gratitude." 27:73 ثم سواه و نفخ فيه من روحه و جعل لكم السمع و الأبصار و الأفئدة قليلا ما تشكرون Then He proportioned him and breathed into him from His soul and made for you hearing and vision and hearts; little are you grateful. 32:9 يعملون له ما يشاء من محاريب و تماثيل و جفان كالجواب و قدور راسيات اعملوا آل داوود شكرا و قليل من عبادي الشكور They made for him what he willed of elevated chambers, statues, bowls like reservoirs, and stationary kettles. [We said], "Work, O family of David, in gratitude." And few of My servants are grateful. 34:13 الله الذي جعل لكم الليل لتسكنوا فيه و النهار مبصرا إن الله لذو فضل على الناس و لكن أكثر الناس لا يشكرون It is Allah who made for you the night that you may rest therein and the day giving sight. Indeed, Allah is full of bounty to the people, but most of the people are not grateful. 40:61 قل هو الذي أنشأكم و جعل لكم السمع و الأبصار و الأفئدة قليلا ما تشكرون Say, "It is He who has produced you and made for you hearing and vision and hearts; little are you grateful." 67:23 Hamd: (Mentioned 63 times in 5 different forms) First statement after bismilah, and last thing said by believers in heaven: الحمد لله رب العالمين praise is to Allah , Lord of the worlds 1:2 لا يرقبون في مؤمن إلّا ولا ذمة و أولئك هم المعتدون Surely the ones who have believed and done deeds of righteousness, their Lord will guide them for their belief; from beneath them Rivers run in the Gardens of Bliss 10:9 دعواهم فيها سبحانك اللهم و تحيتهم فيها سلام و آخر دعواهم أن الحمد لله رب العالمين Their call therein will be, "Exalted are You, O Allah ," and their greeting therein will be, "Peace." And the last of their call will be, "Praise to Allah , Lord of the worlds!" 10:10 again, as soon as the people of heaven arrive in their eternal home: و نزعنا ما في صدورهم من غلّ تجري من تحتهم الأنهار و قالوا الحمد لله الذي هدانا لهذا و ما كنا لنهتدي لولا أن هدانا الله لقد جاءت رسل ربنا بالحق و نودوا أن تلكم الجنة أورثتموها بما كنتم تعملون And We will have removed whatever is within their breasts of resentment, flowing beneath them are rivers. And they will say, "Praise to Allah , who has guided us to this; and we would never have been guided if Allah had not guided us. Certainly the messengers of our Lord had come with the truth." And they will be called, "This is Paradise, which you have been made to inherit for what you used to do." 7:43 و قالوا الحمد لله الذي أذهب عنا الحزن إن ربنا لغفور شكور And they will say, "Praise to Allah , who has removed from us sorrow. Indeed, our Lord is Forgiving and Appreciative – 35:34 و قالوا الحمد لله الذي صدقنا و عده و أورثنا الأرض نتبوأ من الجنة حيث نشاء فنعم أجر العاملين And they will say, "Praise be to Allah, Who has sincerely (made good) His promise to us and has made us inherit the earth for us, to make our location in the Garden where we decide. So how favorable is the reward of the (good) doers." 39:74 Last verse revealed to Prophet includes order to exalt in God's praise: فسبح بحمد ربك و استغفره إنه كان توابا Then exalt with praise of your Lord and ask forgiveness of Him. Indeed, He is ever Accepting of repentance. 110:3 Praise is due to Allah: الحمد لله الذي خلق السماوات و الأرض و جعل الظلمات و النور ثم الذين كفروا بربهم يعدلون Praise to Allah , who created the heavens and the earth and made the darkness and the light. Then those who disbelieve equate [others] with their Lord. 6:1 فقطع دابر القوم الذين ظلموا و الحمد لله رب العالمين So the people that committed wrong were eliminated. And praise to Allah , Lord of the worlds. 6:45 فسبح بحمد ربك و كن من الساجدين So exalt with praise of your Lord and be of those who prostrate. 15:98 و قل الحمد لله الذي لم يتخذ ولدا و لم يكن له شريك في الملك و لم يكن له ولي من الذل و كبره تكبيرا And say, "Praise be to Allah, Who has not taken to Him a child, and Who has not any associate in the Kingdom, nor any patron out of humbleness." And magnify Him with all magnificence. 17:111 الحمد لله الذي أنزل على عبده الكتاب و لم يجعل له عوجا praise is to Allah , who has sent down upon His Servant the Book and has not made therein any deviance. 18:1 و قل الحمد لله سيريكم آياته فتعرفونها و ما ربك بغافل عما تعملون And say, " praise is to Allah . He will show you His signs, and you will recognize them. And your Lord is not unaware of what you do." 27:93 و هو الله لا إله إلا هو له الحمد في الأولى و الآخرة و له الحكم و إليه ترجعون And He is Allah; there is no god except He. To Him be praise at the First and at the last. And He has the Judgment, and to Him you will be returned. 28:70 الحمد لله الذي له ما في السماوات و ما في الأرض و له الحمد في الآخرة و هو الحكيم الخبير Praise is to Allah , to whom belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth, and to Him belongs praise in the Hereafter. And He is the Wise, the Acquainted. 34:1 All creatures praise Allah: و يسبح الرعد بحمده و الملائكة من خيفته و يرسل الصواعق فيصيب بهامن يشاء و هم يجادلون في الله و هو شديد المحال And the thunder exalts with praise of Him - and the angels from fear of Him - and He sends thunderbolts and strikes therewith whom He wills while they dispute about Allah ; and He is severe in assault. 13:13 تسبح له السماوات السبع و الأرض و من فيهن و إن من شيء إلا يسبح بحمده و لكن لا تفقهون تسبيحهم إنه كان حليما غفورا The seven heavens and the earth and whatever is in them exalt Him. And there is not a thing except that it exalts by His praise, but you do not understand their exalting. Indeed, He is ever Forbearing and Forgiving. 17:44 و ترى الملائكة حافين من حول العرش يسبحون بحمد ربهم و قضي بينهم بالحق و قيل الحمد لله رب العالمين And you will see the Angels encircling round about the Throne extolling with the praiseof their Lord; and (justice) will be decreed between them with the Truth; and it will be said, "Praise be to Allah, the lord of the worlds." 39:75 الذين يحملون العرش و من حوله يسبحون بحمد ربهم ويؤمنون به ويستغفرون للذين آمنوا ربنا وسعت كل شيء رحمة و علما فاغفر للذين تابوا و اتبعوا سبيلك و قهم عذاب الجحيم The ones who bear the Throne, and the ones around it, exalt with the praise of their Lord and believe in Him, and they ask forgiveness for the ones who have believed, "Our Lord, You embrace everything in mercy and knowledge; so forgive the ones who repent and closely follow Your way, and protect them from the torment of Hell Fire. 40:7 We are asked to praise on all parts of the day and night (before sunrise, before sunset, during nighttime, at both ends of the day, noon time, evening, and when we rise): فاصبر على ما يقولون و سبح بحمد ربك قبل طلوع الشمس و قبل غروبها و من آناء الليل فسبح و أطراف النهار لعلك ترضى So be patient over what they say and exalt with praise of your Lord before the rising of the sun and before its setting; and during periods of the night and at the ends of the day, that you may be satisfied. 20:130 و له الحمد في السماوات و الأرض وعشيّا و حين تظهرون And to Him is praise throughout the heavens and the earth. And at night and when you are at noon. 30:18 فاصبر إن وعد الله حق و استغفر لذنبك و سبح بحمد ربك بالعشي و الإبكار So be patient. Indeed, the promise of Allah is truth. And ask forgiveness for your sin andexalt with praise of your Lord in the evening and the morning. 40:55 و اصبر لحكم ربك فإنك بأعيننا و سبح بحمد ربك حين تقوم And be patient, for the decision of your Lord, for indeed, you are in Our eyes. And exalt with praise of your Lord when you arise. 52:48 Praise linked to reasoning, knowledge, being humble : و لئن سألتهم من نزل من السماء ماء فأحيا به الأرض من بعد موتها ليقولن الله قل الحمد لله بل أكثرهم لا يعقلون And if you asked them, "Who sends down rain from the sky and gives life thereby to the earth after its lifelessness?" they would surely say " Allah ." Say, "Praise to Allah "; but most of them do not reason. 29:63 و لئن سألتهم من خلق السماوات و الأرض ليقولن الله قل الحمد لله بل أكثرهم لا يعلمون And if you asked them, "Who created the heavens and earth?" they would surely say, " Allah ." Say, "praise is to Allah"; but most of them do not know. 31:25 ضرب الله مثلا رجلا فيه شركاء متشاكسون و رجلا سلما لرجل هل يستويان مثلا الحمد لله بل أكثرهم لا يعلمون Allah presents an example: a slave owned by quarreling partners and another belonging exclusively to one man - are they equal in comparison? Praise be to Allah ! But most of them do not know. 39:29 إنما يؤمن بآياتنا الذين إذا ذكروا بها خروا سجدا وسبحوا بحمد ربهم وهم لا يستكبرون Only those believe in Our verses who, when they are reminded by them, fall down in prostration and exalt with praise of their Lord, and they are not arrogant. 32:15 و إن تعدوا نعمة الله لا تحصوها إن الله لغفور رحيم If you tried to number Allah’s blessings, you could never count them. Allah is the Forgiving, the Merciful. (Surah an-Nahl, 18) Hadiths related to being thankful & praise: Imam Ali said: 10. If you over power your enemy, then pardon him by way of thankfulness to Allah, for being able to subdue him. 12. When some blessings come to you, do not drive them away through thanklessness. Nahjul Balagha Allah has commanded three things along with three others in the Qur`an. Prayers are with alms. Thus, one who prays and does not give alms, his prayers are not approved. The thank giving to Allah is ordered along with thank giving and gratitude to the parents. Therefore, one who does not thank his parents, he has not thanked Allah. Piety has been commanded along with observing the ties of kinship. Therefore one who does not observe the ties of kinship has not adopted piety. (Ayun Akhbar ar-Reza(A.S.) vol I, p 258) Best of all are the people who are content after doing good, say "istighfar" after a sin,express gratitude after being blessed with a "nemat" and are patient and thankful when they are in trouble. [Biharul Anvar vol 78 pg # 338] He who does not offer his thanks to his benefactor has not actually praised Allah the Great and the Glorious. (AOYUN AKHBAR AR REZA(A.S.) VOL 2, P 24) H ,1705CH ,44h 2 Al-Kafi Volume 2 Itis narrated through the same chain of narrators:“The Messenger of Allah has said, ‘Whenever Allah opens the door of gratitude to someone He does not keep the door of increasing hidden from him.’” H ,1706CH ,44h 3 Al-Kafi Volume 2 Muhammadibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from Ja’far ibnMuhammad al-Baghdadi from ‘Abd Allah ibn Ishaq al-Ja’fari from abu ‘Abd Allah, recipient of divine supreme covenant, who has said the following: “Abu‘Abd Allah, recipient of divine supreme covenant, has said, ‘This is written in the Torah: “Thank those who have done favors to you, and do favors to those who thank you;bounties will not go away if you appreciate them and they will not stay all the time if you reject them. Thankfulness increases the bounties and provides security against changes.”’” H ,1716CH ,44h 13 Al-Kafi Volume 2 Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from Mu’ammar ibn Khallad who has said the following: “I heard Abu al-Hassan, recipient of divine supreme covenant, saying, ‘One’s praising Allah for His granting him bounties is considered his expressing thanks to Allah and expressing the praise of Allah, is better than the bounties one has received.’” Imam Hussain said: Being thankful for a grace of God makes God reward you with another grace. (Nozhatol Nadher wa Tanbeehel Khatir , P. 80) Imam Hussain said: O' people do compete in good deeds and haste in grabbing the good chances. By delaying good deeds , you reduce their value. By gaining victory win the respect and praise of others , and do not let others blame you for being lazy. If one does a favour to another but he does not thank him for it , be sure that God will reward him instead , and surely the God's reward is greater and more generous. (Bihar al- Anwar, Vol. 78 , P. 121) Thanks and all the best, Walaikum Salaam اللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وآلِ مُحَمَّدٍ وعَجِّلْ فَرَجَهُمْ
  9. Salam Alaikum, The Theme of Speech in Islam is the essence of everything, because it is known that Allah creates through speech. At the same time us limited humans have a capacity of using limited speech as well, which likewise has powers and forces. Therefore, speech is seen as an action, a deed which we are accountable for. Thankfully the Quran and narrations of the prophetic family have left us clear guidelines as to how to apply speech. In a nutshell, we can say that speech should be good speech, just speech, and truthful. At the same time the vital point here is that as believers we are asked to apply this kind of speech to everyone, regardless if they are friends or enemies. I. Quran: Everything that happens is a result of Allah's Word: Allah's just says Be and it is: وهو الذي خلق السماوات والأرض بالحق ويوم يقول كن فيكون قوله الحق وله الملك يوم ينفخ في الصور عالم الغيب والشهادة وهو الحكيم الخبير And it is He who created the heavens and earth in truth. And the day He says, "Be," and it is, His word is the truth. And His is the dominion the Day the Horn is blown. Knower of the unseen and the witnessed; and He is the Wise, the Acquainted. 6:73 إنما قولنا لشيء إذا أردناه أن نقول له كن فيكون Indeed, Our word to a thing when We intend it is but that We say to it, "Be," and it is.16:40 ويحق الله الحق بكلماته ولو كره المجرمون And Allah will establish the truth by His words, even if the criminals dislike it." 10:82 Being guided by Allah, means following what He says, just like the heavens and earth obey Him: قيل يا نوح اهبط بسلام منا وبركات عليك وعلى أمم ممن معك وأمم سنمتعهم ثم يمسهم منا عذاب أليم It was said, "O Noah, disembark in security from Us and blessings upon you and upon nations from those with you. But other nations We will grant enjoyment; then there will touch them from Us a painful punishment." 11:48 وقيل يا أرض ابلعي ماءك ويا سماء أقلعي وغيض الماء وقضي الأمر واستوت على الجودي وقيل بعدا للقوم الظالمين And it was said, "O earth, swallow your water, and O sky, withhold." And the water subsided, and the matter was accomplished, and the ship came to rest on the [mountain of] Judiyy. And it was said, "Away with the wrongdoing people." 11:44 Vastness of God's Word beyond our comprehension قل لو كان البحر مدادا لكلمات ربي لنفد البحر قبل أن تنفد كلمات ربي ولو جئنا بمثله مددا Say, "If the sea were ink for the words of my Lord, the sea would be exhausted before the words of my Lord were exhausted, even if We brought the like of it as a supplement." 18:107 ولو أنما في الأرض من شجرة أقلام والبحر يمده من بعده سبعة أبحر ما نفدت كلمات الله إن الله عزيز حكيم And if whatever trees upon the earth were pens and the sea [was ink], replenished thereafter by seven seas, the words of Allah would not be exhausted. Indeed, Allah is Exalted in Might and Wise. 31:27 Mother Book with Allah not to be confused with any other book يمحو الله ما يشاء ويثبت وعنده أم الكتاب Allah eliminates what He wills or confirms, and with Him is the Mother of the Book. 13:39 Word of Allah must be feared: ولو شئنا لآتينا كل نفس هداها ولكن حق القول مني لأملأن جهنم من الجنة والناس أجمعين And if we had willed, We could have given every soul its guidance, but the word from Me will come into effect "I will surely fill Hell with jinn and people all together. 32:13 The Word of Allah decides who believes and who does not: إن الذين حقت عليهم كلمت ربك لا يؤمنون Indeed, those upon whom the word of your Lord has come into effect will not believe, 10:96 كذلك حقت كلمت ربك على الذين فسقوا أنهم لا يؤمنون Thus the word of your Lord has come into effect upon those who defiantly disobeyed - that they will not believe. 10:33 Not talking outwardly about fear (showing off) واذكر ربك في نفسك تضرعا وخيفة ودون الجهر من القول بالغدو والآصال ولا تكن من الغافلين And remember your Lord within yourself in humility and in fear without being apparent in speech - in the mornings and the evenings. And do not be among the heedless. Speaking Kindly to Bad people and its benefits: Answering bad with good: ولا تستوي الحسنة ولا السيئة ادفع بالتي هي أحسن فإذا الذي بينك وبينه عداوة كأنه ولي حميم And not equal are the good deed and the bad. Repel by that which is better; and thereupon the one whom between you and him is enmity as though he was a devoted friend. 41:34 Avoiding hurtful speech to maintain unity: فبما رحمة من الله لنت لهم ولو كنت فظّا غليظ القلب لانفضوا من حولك فاعف عنهم واستغفر لهم وشاورهم في الأمر فإذا عزمت فتوكل على الله إن الله يحب المتوكلين So by mercy from Allah , you were lenient with them. And if you had been rude [in speech] and harsh in heart, they would have disbanded from about you. So pardon them and ask forgiveness for them and consult them in the matter. And when you have decided, then rely upon Allah . Indeed, Allah loves those who rely [upon Him]. 3:159 Kindness to foolish people: ولا تؤتوا السفهاء أموالكم التي جعل الله لكم قياما وارزقوهم فيها واكسوهم وقولوا لهم قولا معروفا And do not give the weak-minded/foolish your property, which Allah has made a means of sustenance for you, but provide for them with it and clothe them and speak to them words of appropriate kindness. 4:5 Gentleness in speaking even with likes of Pharaoh: اذهبا إلى فرعون إنه طغى Go, both of you, to Pharaoh. Indeed, he has transgressed. 20:43 فقولا له قولا لينا لعله يتذكر أو يخشى And speak to him with gentle speech that perhaps he may be reminded or fear." 20:44 Avoiding Bad speech and answering it with peace: وإذا سمعوا اللغو أعرضوا عنه وقالوا لنا أعمالنا ولكم أعمالكم سلام عليكم لا نبتغي الجاهلين And when they hear ill speech, they turn away from it and say, "For us are our deeds, and for you are your deeds. Peace upon you; we seek not the ignorant. 28:55 وعباد الرحمن الذين يمشون على الأرض هونا وإذا خاطبهم الجاهلون قالوا سلاما And the servants of the Most Merciful are those who walk upon the earth gently, and when the ignorant address them, they say, "Peace!" 25:63 والذين لا يشهدون الزور وإذا مروا باللغو مروا كراما And those who do not testify to falsehood, and when they pass near ill speech, they pass by with dignity. 25:72 والذين هم عن اللغو معرضون And they who turn away from ill speech 23:3 أولئك الذين يعلم الله ما في قلوبهم فأعرض عنهم وعظهم وقل لهم في أنفسهم قولا بليغا Those are the ones of whom Allah knows what is in their hearts, so turn away from them but warn them and speak to them a far reaching word about themselves. 4:63 Kind Speech to all: وهدوا إلى الطيب من القول وهدوا إلى صراط الحميد And they had been guided to kind speech, and they were guided to the path of the Praiseworthy. 22:24 وإذ أخذنا ميثاق بني إسرائيل لا تعبدون إلا الله وبالوالدين إحسانا وذي القربى واليتامى والمساكين وقولوا للناس حسنا وأقيموا الصلاة وآتوا الزكاة ثم توليتم إلا قليلا منكم وأنتم معرضون And when We took the covenant from the Children of Israel, "Do not worship except Allah ; and to parents do good and to relatives, orphans, and the needy. And speak to people good and establish prayer and give zakah." Then you turned away, except a few of you, and you were refusing. 2:83 وقل لعبادي يقولوا التي هي أحسن إن الشيطان ينزغ بينهم إن الشيطان كان للإنسان عدوّا مبينا And tell My servants to say that which is best. Indeed, Satan induces among them. Indeed Satan is ever, to mankind, a clear enemy. 17:53 وإذا حضر القسمة أولو القربى واليتامى والمساكين فارزقوهم منه وقولوا لهم قولا معروفا And when relatives and orphans and the needy are present at the [time of] division, then provide for them [something] out of the estate and speak to them words of appropriate kindness. 4:8 يا أيها الذين آمنوا اتقوا الله وقولوا قولا سديدا O you who have believed, fear Allah and speak words of appropriate justice. 33:70 يا أيها الذين آمنوا لا يسخر قوم من قوم عسى أن يكونوا خيرا منهم ولا نساء من نساء عسى أن يكن خيرا منهن ولا تلمزوا أنفسكم ولا تنابزوا بالألقاب بئس الاسم الفسوق بعد الإيمان ومن لم يتب فأولئك هم الظالمون O you who have believed, let not a people ridicule people; perhaps they may be better than them; nor let women ridicule women; perhaps they may be better than them. And do not insult one another and do not call each other by [offensive] nicknames. Wretched is the name of disobedience after [one's] faith. And whoever does not repent - then it is those who are the wrongdoers. 49:11 وإذا حييتم بتحية فحيوا بأحسن منها أو ردوها إن الله كان على كل شيء حسيبا And when you are greeted with a greeting, greet [in return] with one better than it or [at least] return it [in a like manner]. Indeed, Allah is ever, over all things, an Accountant. Divine Superiority of Good / Kind Speech for Allah: من كان يريد العزة فلله العزة جميعا إليه يصعد الكلم الطيب والعمل الصالح يرفعه والذين يمكرون السيئات لهم عذاب شديد ومكر أولئك هو يبور Whoever desires honor - then to Allah belongs all honor. To Him ascends kind speech, and righteous work raises it. But they who plot evil deeds will have a severe punishment, and the plotting of those - it will perish. 35:10 ألم تر كيف ضرب الله مثلا كلمة طيبة كشجرة طيبة أصلها ثابت وفرعها في السماء Have you not considered how Allah presents an example, a good word like a good tree, whose root is firmly fixed and its branches in the sky? 14:24 ومثل كلمة خبيثة كشجرة خبيثة اجتثت من فوق الأرض ما لها من قرار And the example of a bad word is like a bad tree, uprooted from the surface of the earth, not having any stability. 14:26 قول معروف ومغفرة خير من صدقة يتبعها أذى والله غني حليم Kind speech and forgiveness are better than charity followed by injury. And Allah is Free of need and Forbearing. 2:263 Jesus is referred to as Word of God (who was known for his utmost compassion and gentleness): إذ قالت الملائكة يا مريم إن الله يبشرك بكلمة منه اسمه المسيح عيسى ابن مريم وجيها في الدنيا والآخرة ومن المقربين when the angels said, "O Mary, indeed Allah gives you good tidings of a word from Him, whose name will be the Messiah, Jesus, the son of Mary - distinguished in this world and the Hereafter and among those brought near [to Allah ]. 3:45 يا أهل الكتاب لا تغلوا في دينكم ولا تقولوا على الله إلا الحق إنما المسيح عيسى ابن مريم رسول الله وكلمته ألقاها إلى مريم وروح منه فآمنوا بالله ورسله ولا تقولوا ثلاثة انتهوا خيرا لكم إنما الله إله واحد سبحانه أن يكون له ولد له ما في السماوات وما في الأرض وكفى بالله وكيلا O People of the Scripture, do not commit excess in your religion or say about Allah except the truth. The Messiah, Jesus, the son of Mary, was but a messenger of Allah and His word which He directed to Mary and a soul [created at a command] from Him. So believe in Allah and His messengers. And do not say, "Three"; desist - it is better for you. Indeed, Allah is but one God. Exalted is He above having a son. To Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on the earth. And sufficient is Allah as Disposer of affairs. 4:171 ذلك عيسى ابن مريم قول الحق الذي فيه يمترون That is Jesus, the son of Mary - the word of truth about which they are in dispute. 19:34 Talking about evil only allowed for those afflicted by it ( example: no gossip ) : لا يحب الله الجهر بالسوء من القول إلا من ظلم وكان الله سميعا عليما Allah does not like the public mention of evil except by one who has been wronged.And ever is Allah Hearing and Knowing. 4:148 How to react to bad speech: One should not take it personally, because it's against God: قد نعلم إنه ليحزنك الذي يقولون فإنهم لا يكذبونك ولكن الظالمين بآيات الله يجحدون We know that you, are saddened by what they say. And indeed, they do not call you untruthful, but it is the verses of Allah that the wrongdoers reject. 6:33 Also the Prophets were exposed to this and the Word of Allah is fixed: ولقد كذبت رسل من قبلك فصبروا على ما كذبوا وأوذوا حتى أتاهم نصرنا ولا مبدل لكلمات الله ولقد جاءك من نبإ المرسلين And certainly were messengers denied before you, but they were patient over denial, and they were harmed until Our victory came to them. And none can alter the words of Allah . And there has certainly come to you some information about the messengers. 6:34 ولا يحزنك قولهم إن العزة لله جميعا هو السميع العليم And let not their speech grieve you. Indeed, honor belongs to Allah entirely. He is the Hearing, the Knowing. 10:65 فلا يحزنك قولهم إنا نعلم ما يسرون وما يعلنون So let not their speech grieve you. Indeed, We know what they conceal and what they declare. 36:76 Special speech to parents: وقضى ربك ألا تعبدوا إلا إياه وبالوالدين إحسانا إما يبلغن عندك الكبر أحدهما أو كلاهما فلا تقل لهما أفّ ولا تنهرهما وقل لهما قولا كريما And your Lord has decreed that you not worship except Him, and to parents, good treatment. Whether one or both of them reach old age [while] with you, say not to them, "uff," and do not repel them but speak to them a noble word. 17:23 Not looking for trouble, not looking for faults: Overlooking bad and focusing on the good of others speech: الذين يستمعون القول فيتبعون أحسنه أولئك الذين هداهم الله وأولئك هم أولو الألباب Who listen to speech and follow the best of it. Those are the ones Allah has guided, and those are people of understanding. 39:18 Avoiding asking questions when the answers could upset us: يا أيها الذين آمنوا لا تسألوا عن أشياء إن تبد لكم تسؤكم وإن تسألوا عنها حين ينزل القرآن تبد لكم عفا الله عنها والله غفور حليم O you who have believed, do not ask about things which, if they are shown to you, will distress you. But if you ask about them while the Qur'an is being revealed, they will be shown to you. Allah has pardoned that which is past; and Allah is Forgiving and Forbearing. 5:101 Bad people can be identified by their tone of voice: أم حسب الذين في قلوبهم مرض أن لن يخرج الله أضغانهم Or do those in whose hearts is disease think that Allah would never expose their hatred? 47:29 ولو نشاء لأريناكهم فلعرفتهم بسيماهم ولتعرفنهم في لحن القول والله يعلم أعمالكم And if We willed, We could show them to you, and you would know them by their mark; but you will surely know them by the tone of speech. And Allah knows your deeds. 47:30 Advantage of Heaven is living without evil speech: أولئك يجزون الغرفة بما صبروا ويلقون فيها تحية وسلاما Those will be recompensed with the room for that they (endured) patiently, and they shall be granted therein a greeting and "Peace!" 25:75 يتنازعون فيها كأسا لا لغو فيها ولا تأثيم They will exchange with one another a cup wherein no ill speech or commission of sin. 52:23 لا يسمعون فيها لغوا ولا تأثيما They will not hear therein ill speech or cause for vice - 56:25 لا يسمعون فيها لغوا ولا كذابا No ill speech will they hear therein and no lies - 78:35 II. Narrations / Hadiths How we should speak: 'Man must control and survey his own self, scrutinize his heart, and guard his tongue.’ Imam Ali AS Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 10947 Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘Acquire good manners, for they are the best personal merit.’ [ibid. no. 6096] Imam Hussain: "Good manner is a worship." (History of Yakoobi , Vol. 2 , Najaf press , P. 246 , Line 9) How we should not speak: ـ رسولُ اللهِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): إنّ اللّهَ حَرَّمَ الجَنَّةَ على كُلِّ فَحّاشٍ بَذِيءٍ، قَليلِ الحَياءِ، لا يُبالِي ما قالَ ولا ما قيلَ لَهُ. The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘Allah has prohibited Heaven to those who use obscenity, vulgarity, lack shame, and are not concerned about what is said or not said to them.’ [al-Kafi, v. 2, p. 323, no. 3 Speech can result in murder charge: Yunus has narrated from al-‘Ala’ from Muhammad ibn Muslim who has said the following: “I heard abu Ja’far, recipient of divine supreme covenant, saying, ‘A servant will be raised on the Day of Judgment, although he had not caused any bloodshed, something containing a dose or more blood will be given to him and he will be told, “This is your share of the blood of so and so.” He will say, ‘Lord, You know that You caused me to die and I had not committed any bloodshed.’ The Lord will say, ‘Yes, you did commit bloodshed. You heard such and such facts from so and so, you narrated it against his interests and transmitted it until it reached so and so tyrant, who murdered him on the basis of the narration, and this is your share of that blood.’” H ,2796CH ,156h 5 Al Kafi Volume 2 ـ الإمامُ الباقرُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): قُولوا للناسِ أحسَنَ ما تُحِبُّونَ أن يُقالَ لَكُم ؛ فإنَّ اللّهَ يُبغِضُ اللَّعّانَ السَّبّابَ الطَّعّانَ علَى المؤمنينَ، الفاحِشَ المُتَفَحِّشَ، السائلَ المُلحِفَ. Imam al-Baqir (AS) said, ‘Say unto people the best of what you would like them to say to you, for Allah hates the curser, swearer, and slanderer of believers, the user of obscene language and to do it shamelessly, and the importunate beggar.’[Bihar al-Anwar, v. 78, p. 181, no. 67 mām Jaʿfar ibn Muhammad al-Sādiq (A.S.) said: "Whoever recognizes that what he says is a part of his deeds, will only say good things" [Reference: Mishkatul Anwar, Pg. No. 493, Tr. No. 971] الإمامُ الباقرُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): سِلاحُ اللِّئامِ قَبيحُ الكلامِ. Imam al-Baqir (AS) said, ‘The weapon of the wicked is foul language.’ [Bihar al-Anwar, v. 78, p. 185, no. 14] Sermon 205 During the battle of Siffin Amir al-mu'minin heard some of his men abusing the Syrians, then he said: I dislike you starting to abuse them, but if you describe their deeds and recount their situations that would be a better mode of speaking and a more convincing way of arguing. Instead of abusing them you should say, "O' Allah! save our blood and their blood, produce reconciliation between us and them, and lead them out of their misguidance so that he who is ignorant of the truth may know it, and he who inclines towards rebellion and revolt may turn away from it." Nahjul Balagha Kindly if anybody has more to add to this, let me know. wishing you a lovely good kind stay on this earth, walaikum salaam
  10. salam on this german shia forum they have slightly different systems. one of them i find quite good. one has the option of asking to be deactivated or unregistered. and if one is deactivated one simply sends an email to them to ask to be reactivated then one is back again. http://www.shia-forum.de wasalaam
  11. له معقبات من بين يديه ومن خلفه يحفظونه من أمر الله إن الله لا يغير ما بقوم حتى يغيروا ما بأنفسهم وإذا أراد الله بقوم سوءا فلا مرد له وما لهم من دونه من وال For each one are successive [angels] before and behind him who protect him by the decree of Allah . Indeed, Allah will not change the condition of a people until they change what is in themselves. And when Allah intends for a people ill, there is no repelling it. And there is not for them besides Him any patron.
  12. that was months ago bro :) yes at that time when i wrote it, i worked very hard. it was in preparation to present it to the main shia scholar here in austria alhamdulilah. i ended up only presenting the arabic version, which i felt was the most respectful. the detailed note was for my personal reference which i published on my Facebook account.
  13. ^^^ 1. i did leave for several months after asking several times to be unregistered ( i don't have power to unregister myself!!! ) 2. i came back 2 months after MDM was banned, as i mentioned so you unethical guy? anything else you would like to spread that is off-topic and unethical? you don't even read my posts!! yet you seem to know where i get my information from .. from "suni" sources?? i discussed angels, but you are just talking one-way.. talk to somebody else, there is obviously no point talking to me! how can scholars who study 50 years in maccah be so wrong about omar and abu bakr ?? just because somebody studies for years does not mean they are infallible!!! how can Allah want haram? well everything that is, is exactly how Allah wants it. don't try to figure out how or why, you won't ever get there. Allahu Akbar me reading and understanding CLEAR verses of quran is not haram. quran comes first, then everything else. anyway, it seems you still didn't read what i posted in main post today .. walaikum salaam
  14. ^^ you're the unethical guy again!! did i swear on Allah that i will leave this site? where can you remind me?
  15. where is your quran and hadith? i won't bother to read peoples opinions, who don't take Allah's and ahlbayt's opinion into consideration buddy, read what i worked on very hard carefully. otherwise there is no point. you are talking to yourself without knowledge of the person in front of you and i know it will take some time to read it, so i don't expect answers soon fi aman ilah walaikum salaam
  16. Allah wants the people who make mistakes now also to make it, as la hawla walaqowata ila bilah you didn't even study what i compiled, which is all quran and hadiths. i won't waste my emotions and time on this forum much longer in sha Allah .. i know people like to follow the 0.001% of ahadeeth that contradict quran, and there are hundreds of millions of shias. it will never end if i argue with each one. i did my job, did my wajib .. all answers to anything you will say are already answered above. and if there is an argument i missed, then use imagination to protect the tawheed of Allah yourselves I'm thinking of deactivating now, as i've published what i see is the biggest space for improvement in shia islam He will guide them and amend their condition 47:5
  17. tafsir that goes against quran is to be trashed example, because you didn't read what i wrote above! ما ضل صاحبكم و ما غوى 53:2 : ضل 1. ألم يجدك يتيما فآوى 93:6 و وجدك ضالّا فهدى 93:7 2. ما يضل به إلا الفاسقين 2:26 3. قال علمها عند ربي في كتاب لا يضل ربي و لا ينسى 20:52 ولم يكن له كفوا أحد 4. قال اهبطا منها جميعا بعضكم لبعض عدو فإما يأتينكم مني هدى فمن اتبع هداي فلا يضل ولا يشقى 20:123
  18. the story of tarq awel etc is not supported by any hadiths or quran .. it's only "scholars" who say this. as discussed in my own work above. all the proofs fro THAQALAYN are above
  19. salam Alaikum: bismillah Quran Summary (no contradictions): و إ ذا سألك عبادي عني فإني قريب أجيب دعوة الداع إذا دعان فليستجيبوا لي وليؤمنوا بي لعلهم يرشدون 2:186 إنك سميع الدعاء 3:38 قل أرأيتكم إن أتاكم عذاب الله أو أتتكم الساعة أغير الله تدعون إن كنتم صادقين 6:40 بل إياه تدعون فيكشف ما تدعون إليه إن شاء و تنسون ما تشركون 6:41 و أن المساجد لله فلا تدعوا مع الله أحدا 72:18 قل إنما أدعو ربي و لا أشرك به أحدا 72:20 إن الذين تدعون من دون الله عباد أمثالكم فادعوهم فليستجيبوا لكم إن كنتم صادقين 7:194 و الذين تدعون من دونه لا يستطيعون نصركم ولا أنفسهم ينصرون 7:197 قل ادعوا الذين زعمتم من دونه فلا يملكون كشف الضر عنكم ولا تحويلا 17:56 و قيل ادعوا شركاءكم فدعوهم فلم يستجيبوا لهم ورأوا العذاب لو أنهم كانوا يهتدون 28:64 قل ادعوا الذين زعمتم من دون الله لا يملكون مثقال ذرة في السماوات و لا في الأرض و ما لهم فيهما من شرك و ما له منهم من ظهير 34:22 و لا تنفع الشفاعة عنده إلا لمن أذن له 34:23 و الذين تدعون من دونه ما يملكون من قطمير 35:13 إن تدعوهم لا يسمعوا دعاءكم و لو سمعوا ما استجابوا لكم و يوم القيامة يكفرون بشرككم و لا ينبئك مثل خبير 35:14 فادعوا الله مخلصين له الدين و لو كره الكافرون 40:14 قل لله الشفاعة جميعا له ملك السماوات و الأرض ثم إليه ترجعون 39:44 فلولا نصرهم الذين اتخذوا من دون الله قربانا آلهة بل ضلوا عنهم و ذلك إفكهم و ما كانوا يفترون 46:28 من دون الله هل ينصرونكم أو ينتصرون 26:93 أمن هذا الذي هو جند لكم ينصركم من دون الرحمن إن الكافرون إلا في غرور 67:20 استعينوا بالله واصبروا إن الأرض لله 7:128 ما لكم من دون الله من وليّ و لا نصير 29:22 الله الذي خلق السماوات و الأرض وما بينهما في ستة أيام ثم استوى على العرش ما لكم من دونه من وليّ و لا شفيع أفلا تتذكرون 32:4 من ذا الذي يعصمكم من الله إن أراد بكم سوءا أو أراد بكم رحمة و لا يجدون لهم من دون الله وليّا و لا نصيرا 33:17 ذلكم بأنه إذا دعي الله وحده كفرتم و إن يشرك به تؤمنوا فالحكم لله العلي الكبير 40:12 فادعوا الله مخلصين له الدين و لو كره الكافرون 40:14 و الله يقضي بالحق و الذين يدعون من دونه لا يقضون بشيء إن الله هو السميع البصير 40:20 هو الحي لا إله إلا هو فادعوه مخلصين له الدين الحمد لله رب العالمين 40:65 قل إني نهيت أن أعبد الذين تدعون من دون الله لما جاءني البينات من ربي و أمرت أن أسلم لرب العالمين 40:66 من دون الله قالوا ضلوا عنا بل لم نكن ندعو من قبل شيئا كذلك يضل الله الكافرين 40:74 قل الله أعلم بما لبثوا له غيب السماوات و الأرض أبصر به و أسمع ما لهم من دونه من وليّ و لا يشرك في حكمه أحدا 18:26 ذلك بأن الله هو الحق و أن ما يدعون من دونه الباطل و أن الله هو العلي الكبير 31:30 و توكل على الله و كفى بالله وكيلا 33:3 و ما يؤمن أكثرهم بالله إلا و هم مشركون 12:106 قل من ينجيكم من ظلمات البر والبحر تدعونه تضرعا و خفية لئن أنجانا من هذه لنكونن من الشاكرين 6:63 و يعبدون من دون الله ما لا يضرهم و لا ينفعهم و يقولون هؤلاء شفعاؤنا عند الله قل أتنبئون الله بما لا يعلم في السماوات و لا في الأرض سبحانه و تعالى عما يشركون 10:18 يومئذ لا تنفع الشفاعة إلا من أذن له الرحمن و رضي له قولا 20:109 و لا تنفع الشفاعة عنده إلا لمن أذن له 34:23 إياك نعبد و إياك نستعين 1:5 و ما بكم من نعمة فمن الله ثم إذا مسكم الضر فإليه تجأرون 16:53 الله الذي خلقكم ثم رزقكم ثم يميتكم ثم يحييكم هل من شركائكم من يفعل من ذلكم من شيء سبحانه و تعالى عما يشركون 30:40 لكنا هو الله ربي و لا أشرك بربي أحدا 18:38 إن ينصركم الله فلا غالب لكم و إن يخذلكم فمن ذا الذي ينصركم من بعده و على الله فليتوكل المؤمنون 3:160 قل ادعوا الذين زعمتم من دونه فلا يملكون كشف الضر عنكم ولا تحويلا 17:56 أولئك الذين يدعون يبتغون إلى ربهم الوسيلة أيهم أقرب ويرجون رحمته ويخافون عذابه إن عذاب ربك كان محذورا 17:57 Letter 31, Nahjul Balagha: Develop the habit of patience against sufferings, calamities and adversities. This virtue of patience is one of the highest values of morality and nobility of character and it is the best habit which one can develop. Trust in Allah and let your mind seek His protection in every calamity and suffering because you will thus entrust yourself and your affairs to the Best Trustee and to the Mightiest Guardian. Do not seek help or protection from anybody but Allah. Reserve your prayers, your requests, your solicitations, your supplications, and your entreaties to Him and Him alone because to grant, to give, to confer and to bestow, as well as to withhold, to deprive, to refuse, and to debar, lies only in His Power. Ask as much of His Blessings and seek as much of His Guidance as you can. ____________________________________________________________ Detailed Proofs: Oneness of Allah, in Supplicating Only to Him Salam Alaikum, Quranic verses showing that we must only call upon / make duas to / supplicate to Allah: و إ ذا سألك عبادي عني فإني قريب أجيب دعوة الداع إذا دعان فليستجيبوا لي وليؤمنوا بي لعلهم يرشدون And when My servants ask you, concerning Me - indeed I am near. I respond to the invocation (duas) of the supplicant when he calls upon (makes duas) Me. So let them respond to Me [by obedience] and believe in Me that they may be [rightly] guided. 2:186 إنك سميع الدعاء You are the Hearer of supplication (dua). 3:38 قل أرأيتكم إن أتاكم عذاب الله أو أتتكم الساعة أغير الله تدعون إن كنتم صادقين Say, "Have you considered: if there came toyou the punishment of Allah or there came to you the Hour - is it other than Allah you would invoke (make duas to), if you should be truthful?" 6:40 بل إياه تدعون فيكشف ما تدعون إليه إن شاء و تنسون ما تشركون No, it is Him you would invoke (make duas to), and He would remove that for which you invoked Him if He willed, and you would forget what you associate. 6:41 و أن المساجد لله فلا تدعوا مع الله أحدا And that the mosques belong to Allah; so do not invoke (make duas to), along with Allah, anyone. 72:18 قل إنما أدعو ربي و لا أشرك به أحدا Say, "Surely I invoke ( make duas to) my Lord, and I do not associate with Him anyone." 72:20 On wrongly calling upon servants and slaves of Allah such as Imams or Prophets: إن الذين تدعون من دون الله عباد أمثالكم فادعوهم فليستجيبوا لكم إن كنتم صادقين Indeed, those you call upon (make duas to ) besides Allah are servants like you. So call upon them and let them respond to you, if you should be truthful. 7:194 و الذين تدعون من دونه لا يستطيعون نصركم ولا أنفسهم ينصرون And those you call upon (make duas to) besides Him are unable to help you, nor can they help themselves." 7:197 قل ادعوا الذين زعمتم من دونه فلا يملكون كشف الضر عنكم ولا تحويلا Say, "Invoke (make duas to) those you have claimed besides Him, for they do not possess the [ability for] removal of adversity from you or [for its] transfer [to someone else]." 17:56 و قيل ادعوا شركاءكم فدعوهم فلم يستجيبوا لهم ورأوا العذاب لو أنهم كانوا يهتدون And it will be said, "Invoke (make duas to) your 'partners'" and they will invoke them; but they will not respond to them, and they will see the punishment. If only they had followed guidance! 28:64 قل ادعوا الذين زعمتم من دون الله لا يملكون مثقال ذرة في السماوات و لا في الأرض و ما لهم فيهما من شرك و ما له منهم من ظهير Say, "Invoke (make duas to) those you claim besides Allah." They do not possess an atom's weight [of ability] in the heavens or onthe earth, and they do not have therein any partnership [with Him], nor is there for Him from among them any assistant. 34:22 و لا تنفع الشفاعة عنده إلا لمن أذن له And intercession (shifa3a) does not benefit with Him except for one whom He permits. 34:23 و الذين تدعون من دونه ما يملكون من قطمير And those whom you invoke (make duas to) other than Him do not possess the membrane of a date seed. 35:13 إن تدعوهم لا يسمعوا دعاءكم و لو سمعوا ما استجابوا لكم و يوم القيامة يكفرون بشرككم و لا ينبئك مثل خبير If you invoke (make duas to) them, they do not hear your supplication; and if they heard, they would not respond to you. And on the Day of Resurrection they will deny your association. And none can inform you like [one] Acquainted [with all matters]. 35:14 فادعوا الله مخلصين له الدين و لو كره الكافرون So invoke (make duas to) Allah , sincere to Him inreligion, although the disbelievers dislike it. 40:14 قل لله الشفاعة جميعا له ملك السماوات و الأرض ثم إليه ترجعون Say, "To Allah belongs intercession (alshifa3atu) entirely. To Him belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth. Then to Him you will be returned." 39:44 فلولا نصرهم الذين اتخذوا من دون الله قربانا آلهة بل ضلوا عنهم و ذلك إفكهم و ما كانوا يفترون Then why did those they took besides Allah as deities by which to approach [Him] ( min dooni Allahi qurbanan ) not aid them? But they had strayed from them. And that was their falsehood and what they were inventing. 46:28 من دون الله هل ينصرونكم أو ينتصرون "Instead of Allah? Can they help (bring nasr to) you or help (bring nasr to) themselves?" 26:93 أمن هذا الذي هو جند لكم ينصركم من دون الرحمن إن الكافرون إلا في غرور Who is he besides the Most Gracious that can be an army to you to help (bring nasr to) you? 67:20 استعينوا بالله واصبروا إن الأرض لله Seek help (esta3een) through Allah and be patient. Indeed, the earth belongs to Allah 7:128 Al-Waly الوالي (Friend, Patron and Helper) is a Name of Allah: ما لكم من دون الله من وليّ و لا نصير you have not other than Allah any protector (waly) or any helper (naseer). 29:22 الله الذي خلق السماوات و الأرض وما بينهما في ستة أيام ثم استوى على العرش ما لكم من دونه من وليّ و لا شفيع أفلا تتذكرون It is Allah who created the heavens and the earth and whatever is between them in six days; then He established Himself above the Throne. You have not besides Him any protector (Waly) or any intercessor (Shafi'in); so will you not be reminded? 32:4 من ذا الذي يعصمكم من الله إن أراد بكم سوءا أو أراد بكم رحمة و لا يجدون لهم من دون الله وليّا و لا نصيرا Who is he who can protect you from Allah if He intends to harm you, or intends mercy on you? And they will not find, besides Allah, for themselves any Wali or any helper (Naseera).33:17 It seems some people only believe when they associate others with Allah: ذلكم بأنه إذا دعي الله وحده كفرتم و إن يشرك به تؤمنوا فالحكم لله العلي الكبير "That is because, when Allah was called upon (made duas to) alone, you disbelieved; but if others were associated (shirq) with Him, you believed. So the judgement is with Allah , the Most High, the Grand." 40:12 فادعوا الله مخلصين له الدين و لو كره الكافرون So invoke (make duas to) Allah , sincere to Him in religion, although the disbelievers dislike it. 40:14 و الله يقضي بالحق و الذين يدعون من دونه لا يقضون بشيء إن الله هو السميع البصير And Allah judges with truth, while those they invoke (make duas to) besides Him judge not with anything. Indeed, Allah - He is the Hearing, the Seeing. 40:20 هو الحي لا إله إلا هو فادعوه مخلصين له الدين الحمد لله رب العالمين He is the Ever-Living; there is no deity except Him, so call upon (make duas to) Him, sincere to Him in religion. praise is to Allah , Lord of the worlds. 40:65 قل إني نهيت أن أعبد الذين تدعون من دون الله لما جاءني البينات من ربي و أمرت أن أسلم لرب العالمين Say, "Indeed, I have been forbidden to worship those you call upon (make duas to) besides Allah once the clear proofs have come to mefrom my Lord, and I have been commanded to submit to the Lord of the worlds." 40:66 الذين كذبوا بالكتاب و بما أرسلنا به رسلنا فسوف يعلمون Those who deny the Book and that with which We sent Our messengers - they are going to know, 40:70 إذ الأغلال في أعناقهم و السلاسل يسحبون When the shackles are around their necks and the chains; they will be dragged 40:71 في الحميم ثم في النار يسجرون In boiling water; then in the Fire they will befilled [with flame]. 40:72 ثم قيل لهم أين ما كنتم تشركون Then it will be said to them, "Where is that which you used to associate [with Him] 40:73 من دون الله قالوا ضلوا عنا بل لم نكن ندعو من قبل شيئا كذلك يضل الله الكافرين Other than Allah ?" They will say, "They have departed from us; rather, we did not used to invoke (make duas to) previously anything." Thus does Allah put astray the disbelievers. 40:74 Allah is the Judge/ Arbiter , al- Hakam الحكم: قل الله أعلم بما لبثوا له غيب السماوات و الأرض أبصر به و أسمع ما لهم من دونه من وليّ و لا يشرك في حكمه أحدا Say, " Allah is most knowing of how long they remained. He has the unseen of the heavens andthe earth. How Seeing is He and how Hearing! They have not besides Him any protector (Waly), and He shares not His legislation (hukm) with anyone." 18:26 ذلك بأن الله هو الحق و أن ما يدعون من دونه الباطل و أن الله هو العلي الكبير That is because Allah is the Truth, and that what they call upon (make duas to) other than Him is falsehood, and because Allah is the High, the Grand. 31:30 و توكل على الله و كفى بالله وكيلا And rely (Wakil) upon Allah ; and sufficient is Allah as Disposer of affairs (Wakil). 33:3 و ما يؤمن أكثرهم بالله إلا و هم مشركون And most of them believe not in Allah except while they associate others with Him.12:106 قل من ينجيكم من ظلمات البر والبحر تدعونه تضرعا و خفية لئن أنجانا من هذه لنكونن من الشاكرين Say: "Who rescues you from the darkness of the land and the sea, when you call upon (make duas to) Him in humility and in secret (saying): If He (Allah) only saves us from this (danger), we shall truly be grateful." 6:63 asking others for intercession is worshipping them: و يعبدون من دون الله ما لا يضرهم و لا ينفعهم و يقولون هؤلاء شفعاؤنا عند الله قل أتنبئون الله بما لا يعلم في السماوات و لا في الأرض سبحانه و تعالى عما يشركون And they worship other than Allah that which neither harms them nor benefits them, and they say, "These are our intercessors (bringers of shifa'a) with Allah " Say, "Do you inform Allah of something He does not know in the heavens or on the earth?" Exalted is He and high above what they associate with Him 10:18 all shifa'a / intercession is in Hands of God: يومئذ لا تنفع الشفاعة إلا من أذن له الرحمن و رضي له قولا That Day, no intercession (shifa'a) will benefit except one to whom the Most Merciful has given permission and has accepted his word. 20:109 و لا تنفع الشفاعة عنده إلا لمن أذن له And intercession (shifa'a) does not benefit with Him except for one whom He permits. 34:23 Other verses pointing towards only duas to Allah: إياك نعبد و إياك نستعين It is You we worship and You we ask for help (esta3een). 1:5 و ما بكم من نعمة فمن الله ثم إذا مسكم الضر فإليه تجأرون And whatever you have of favor - it is from Allah . Then when adversity touches you, to Him you cry for help. 16:53 الله الذي خلقكم ثم رزقكم ثم يميتكم ثم يحييكم هل من شركائكم من يفعل من ذلكم من شيء سبحانه و تعالى عما يشركون Allah is the one who created you, then provided for you, then will cause you to die, and then will give you life. Are there any of your "partners" who does anything of that? Exalted is He and high above what they associate with Him. 30:40 لكنا هو الله ربي و لا أشرك بربي أحدا But as for me, He is Allah , my Lord, and I do not associate with my Lord anyone. 18:38 إن ينصركم الله فلا غالب لكم و إن يخذلكم فمن ذا الذي ينصركم من بعده و على الله فليتوكل المؤمنون If Allah should aid you, no one can overcome you; but if He should forsake you, who is there that can aid you after Him? And upon Allah let the believers rely (wakal ala Allah). 3:160 The argument of claiming that Prophets and Imams can hear everything is also wrong: ولله غيب السماوات والأرض وإليه يرجع الأمر كله فاعبده وتوكل عليه وما ربك بغافل عما تعملون And to Allah belong the unseen [aspects] of the heavens and the earth and to Him will be returned the matter, all of it, so worship Him and rely upon Him. And your Lord is not unaware of that which you do. 11:123 قل لا يعلم من في السماوات والأرض الغيب إلا الله وما يشعرون أيان يبعثون Say, "None in the heavens and earth knows the unseen except Allah , and they do not perceive when they will be resurrected." 27:65 Hadiths / Narrations confirming Quran: Imam Ali said: Letter 31, Nahjul Balagha: Develop the habit of patience against sufferings, calamities and adversities. This virtue of patience is one of the highest values of morality and nobility of character and it is the best habit which one can develop. Trust in Allah and let your mind seek His protection in every calamity and suffering because you will thus entrust yourself and your affairs to the Best Trustee and to the Mightiest Guardian. Do not seek help or protection from anybody but Allah. Reserve your prayers, your requests, your solicitations, your supplications, and your entreaties to Him and Him alone because to grant, to give, to confer and to bestow, as well as to withhold, to deprive, to refuse, and to debar, lies only in His Power. Ask as much of His Blessings and seek as much of His Guidance as you can. [...] Realize this truth, my son, that the Lord who owns and holds the treasures of Paradise and the earth has given you permission to ask and beg for them and He has promised to grant your prayers. He has told you to pray for His Favours that they may be granted to you and to ask for His Blessings that they may be bestowed upon you. He has not appointed guards to prevent your prayers reaching Him. Nor is there any need for anybody to intercede before Him on your behalf. H ,3356CH ,53h 12 Al-Kafi v. 2 A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Muhammad ibn‘Abd al-Hamid al-‘Attar from Yunus ibn Ya’qub from abu Basir who has saidthe following: “Once I said to abu ‘Abd Allah, recipient of divine supreme covenant, ‘Our sustenance has been delayed.’ The Imam was angered and told me to say, ‘O Lord, You have undertaken to provide me sustenance, and to all walking beings, O the best to call for help, O the best to plead with, O the best of charity providers, O the best of hope bestow upon me such and such, . .. mention your wish in place of ‘such and such’.’” H ,3285CH ,48h 24 Al-Kafi v. 2 It is narrated from him (narrator of the Hadith above) from Isma’Il ibn Mehran from Hammad ibn ‘Uthman who has said the following: “I heard abu ‘Abd Allah, recipient of divine supreme covenant,saying, ‘Whoever says, “As Allah wills it happens. There are no means and no power without the help of Allah, the Most High, the Most Great,”’ one hundred times after the morning prayer, he will not suffer any hardships that day.” H ,3259CH ,46h 1 Al-Kafi v. 2 Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa fromAli ibn al-Hakam from Hisham ibn Salim from abu ‘Abd Allah, recipient of divine supreme covenant, who has said the following: “When a man prays and thereafter says, ‘As Allah wills, there are no means and no power without the help of Allah,’ Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, says, “My servant has accepted dying and has submitted himself to My command. Provide him the help that he needs.’” H ,3360CH ,54h 3 Al-Kafi v. 2 Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Muhammad ibn Sinan from Muskan from abu Hamza al-Thumali from abu ‘AbdAllah, recipient of divine supreme covenant, who has said the following: “Once a man came to the Holy Prophet and said, ‘O Messenger of Allah, I face a strong insinuation in my chest (mind) and I am a man with a family, indebted and needy.’ The Messenger of Allah told him to repeat these words: ‘I place my trust in the Living One, Who does not die, all praise belongs to Allah, Who has not taken any companion, or children, Who has no partner in His Kingdom, and no guardian against defeat and you must say that He is greater than can be described.’ Shortly thereafter he came and said, ‘Allah has removed the insinuation from my chest, enabled me to pay my debts and has increased my sustenance.’” H ,3368CH ,55h 7 Al-Kafi v. 2 A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from‘Uthman ibn ‘Isa from Sama'a from abu ‘Abd Allah, recipient of divine supreme covenant, who has said the following: “When you are afraid of something say, ‘O Lord, no one is an alternative for You and You are the alternative for everyone of Your creatures, suffice me in such and such matters.’” H ,3369CH ,55h 8 Al-Kafi v. 2 It is narrated from him (narrator of the Hadith above) from A number of our people have narrated in a marfu’ manner from abu ‘Abd Allah, recipient of divine supreme covenant, who has said the following: “Of the supplications of my father, recipient of divine supreme covenant, in an event was this: ‘O Lord, grant al-Salat (favors) upon Muhammad and his family, forgive me, have mercy upon me, purify my deeds, make my return easy, guide my heart, bestow upon me security against my fear, good health during all of my life, establish firmly basic proofs of my belief, forgive my sins, whiten my face, safeguard me in my religion, accept with ease my request, expand my sustenance; I am weak, overlook my evil deeds with the virtue before You, do not cause me pain in myself, or my good friends, grant me an opportunity of Your opportunities with which You will take away all such matters with which You have placed me in trial and in return for it (trials) confer upon me with the best of Your habits with me. My power has become weak, my patience is thinning out, my hope in Your creatures is lost, no hope is left except You and I have placed my trust before You. Your power over me, O Lord, to have mercy upon me and bestow upon me good health is just like Your power over me to punish and afflict me with misfortunes. O Lord, speaking of Your kindness comforts me; the hope in Your reward strengthens me. I have never been without Your bounties from the time You created me. You are my Lord, my master, my source of help, my refuge, my protector, my defender, my benevolent, and the undertaker of my sustenance. In Your determinations and decisions whatever is about me, O my Lord, my master, in whatever way You are to determine or decide or finalize make it to be a quick relief for me from all of my sufferings, and good health for me; I do not find anyone to remove it from me except You and no one to rely on except You. O Possessor of glory and magnanimity be with the best of my hopes in You and my wishes, have mercy upon me as I plead, upon my desperation, upon the weakness of my foundation (body), and oblige me with such kindness and all supplicants to You, O the Most Beneficent of the benefactors, and bestow al-Salat (favors) upon Muhammad and his family.’” H ,3372CH ,55h 11 Al-Kafi v. 2 It is narrated from him (narrator of the Hadith above) from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from certain individuals of our people from who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, recipient of divine supreme covenant, has said, ‘A man once asked me, “What did you say when you met abu Ja’far (Mansur al-‘Abbasi, ruler) at Rabadha?” The Imam said that I told him what I said was this: ‘O Lord, You are sufficient for everything and there is no alternative for You, suffice me with whatever You will, as You will, whenever and wherever You will.’” H ,3438CH ,60h 19 Al-Kafi v. 2 A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Khalidfrom his father from Fadalah ibn Ayyub from Mu'awiyah ibn ‘Ammar who hassaid the following: “Once I said to abu ‘Abd Allah, recipient of divine supreme covenant, ‘Will you instruct me with a special supplication?’ The Imam said, ‘Yes, I will do so, say, “O the One, the Glorious,the Only, O self-sufficient, Who has not given birth to anyone and is not born from anyone and Who has no partner, O Majestic, O Magnanimous, O Compassionate, O Obliging, O Hearer of supplications, O the Most Generous of those who are asked for help, O the Best of those who give, O Allah, O Allah, O Allah, You have said, ‘Noah pleaded before Us for help and We are the best to answer.’ “Abu ‘Abd Allah, recipient of divine supreme covenant, then said, ‘The Messenger of Allah would say, “Yes, indeed, You are the best Who answers, the best to be called for help, and the best to plead with, I plead before You through the light of Your face, through Your majesty, Your power, Your might, I plead before You through Your kingdom, through Your formidable coats ofarm and Your community, the members of Your community all of them, through Muhammad, recipient of divine supreme covenant, and the successors after Muhammad to grant al-Salat (favors) upon Muhammad and his family and provide me help insuch and such matters.” (One should mention one’s wishes).’” some arguments used in Islamic schools for doing duas to others than Allah: There are hadiths that directly contradict Quran, such as this one (used to justify Ali Madad call): When Ali ibn Abi Taleb returned from Ohud, he gave his sword to Fatema (sa) and read this poem: "O Fatema (sa)! Take my sword, the sword that is not disgraced. I am not frightened nor am I a villain. I swear that I worked hard to support Ahmad (saww) and to please the Merciful lord of the slaves."On the day of Ohud when it was very windy, people heard a voice that recited this poem: "There is no sword except Zulfiqar, and there is no man except Ali. When you need help, cry out the name of the loyal one, and the (name of the) brother of the loyal one." [source: Amali - Sheikh Toosi 1:142 / Basharatul Mustafa Le Shiyat e Murtuza Ch.11 Hadees.13] directly disproved by Quranic verses such as this one: إذا مسكم الضر فإليه تجأرون when harm touches you, unto Him (Allah) you cry aloud for help. 16:53 (Quran) and we know that whatever contradicts Quran must be discarded. الْوَسِيلَةَ Al-Waseela . It is a term used to signify means to approach to Allah, and many use it as a green light to make supplications to creatures of Allah. This word occurs twice in quran, which make it clear that it is not supplication to creatures: first .. يا أيها الذين آمنوا اتقوا الله وابتغوا إليه الوسيلة و جاهدوا في سبيله لعلكم تفلحون O you who have believed, fear Allah and seek the means to Him (Al-Waseela) and strive in His cause that you may succeed. 5:35 then .. قل ادعوا الذين زعمتم من دونه فلا يملكون كشف الضر عنكم ولا تحويلا Say, "Invoke (make duas to) those you have claimed besides Him, for they do not possess the removal of adversity from you or [for its] transfer [to someone else]."17:56 أولئك الذين يدعون يبتغون إلى ربهم الوسيلة أيهم أقرب ويرجون رحمته ويخافون عذابه إن عذاب ربك كان محذورا Those whom they invoke (make duas to) seek means of access to their Lord (Al-Waseela), which of them would be nearest, and they hope for His mercy and fear His punishment. Indeed, the punishment of your Lord is ever feared. 17:57 the conclusion here must be that wasilah وسيلة does not mean calling upon others than Allah, because the second verse explicitly deals with importance of making supplications strictly to Allah. And We did not send any messenger except to be obeyed by permission of Allah . And if, when they wronged themselves, they had come to you, and asked forgiveness of Allah and the Messenger had asked forgiveness for them, they would have found Allah Accepting of repentance and Merciful. 4:64و ما أرسلنا من رسول إلا ليطاع بإذن الله و لو أنهم إذ ظلموا أنفسهم جاءوك فاستغفروا الله و استغفر لهم الرسول لوجدوا الله توابا رحيما This aya is obviously in past tense as it was revealed to the prophet, before he passed away. There are verses in the Quran that talk about the past tense, as well as the future. This verse definitely does not abrogate the many verses that clarify that we must only make duas to Allah. it is just like this verse that talks about Moses' people asking Moses to pray to God for more food variety. This does not mean that if we want food we should supplicate to Moses. This is in context of Moses being in their proximity. Asking a prophet who is in our proximity is not a form of supplication/prayer. و إذ قلتم يا موسى لن نصبر على طعام واحد فادع لنا ربك يخرج لنا مما تنبت الأرض من بقلها و قثائها و فومها و عدسها و بصلها And when you said, "O Moses, we can never endure one food. So call upon your Lord to bring forth for us from the earth its green herbs and its cucumbers and its garlic and its lentils and its onions." 2:61 futhermore .. فإن تنازعتم في شيء فردوه إلى الله و الرسول And if you disagree over anything, refer it to Allah and the Messenger, 4:59 .. as most all Muslims unanimously will agree upon, the above verse does not mean that if we disagree we should make dua to Allah and prophet. Most all will agree that we should check in Quran and accepted Hadiths which are in line with Quran. At the same time if we ask somebody for help, then we ask Allah alone. The ayat that say our Waly is Allah, and the prophet , etc .. there are ayas that seem to contradict each other. Some verses say that only Allah is our Waly ( 33:17, 32:4, 29:22), then we have verses that say we have other walys as well: قل أغير الله أتخذ وليّا فاطر السماوات و الأرض و هو يطعم و لا يطعم قل إني أمرت أن أكون أول من أسلم و لا تكونن من المشركين Say, "Is it other than Allah I should take as a protector (Waly), Creator of the heavens and the earth, while it is He who feeds and is not fed?" Say, [O Muhammad], "Indeed, I have been commanded to be the first [among you] who submit [to Allah ] and [was commanded], 'Do not ever be of the polytheists.' " 6:14 اتبعوا ما أنزل إليكم من ربكم و لا تتبعوا من دونه أولياء Follow, what has been revealed to you from your Lord and do not follow other than Him any allies (Waly) 7:3 then we have suras like these: إنما وليكم الله و رسوله وا لذين آمنوا الذين يقيمون الصلاة و يؤتون الزكاة و هم راكعون Your ally (Waly ) is Allah and His Messenger and those who have believed - those who establish prayer and give zakah, and they bow [in worship]. 5:55 و ما لهم ألا يعذبهم الله و هم يصدون عن المسجد الحرام و ما كانوا أولياءه إن أولياؤه إلا المتقون و لكن أكثرهم لا يعلمون But why should Allah not punish them while they obstruct from al-Masjid al- Haram and they were not its guardians (Waly)? Its guardians (Waly) are not but the righteous, but most of them do not know. 8:34 إن الذين آمنوا و هاجروا و جاهدوا بأموالهم و أنفسهم في سبيل الله و الذين آووا و نصروا أولئك بعضهم أولياء بعض Indeed, those who have believed and emigrated and fought with their wealth and lives in the cause of Allah and those who gave shelter and aided - they are waly of one another. 8:72 و المؤمنون و المؤمنات بعضهم أولياء بعض The believing men and believing women are allies of one another. 9:71 إن أولياء الله لا خوف عليهم و لا هم يحزنون Surely, for the allies (Waly) of Allah there will be no fear on them, nor will they grieve 10 So, as we can see the term waly can be used in different ways in reference to believers and the rightful custodians of the Holy Mosque. Yet we must remember that al-Waly is a Name that is only for Allah. This goes to say that none of the verses that mention the waly, actually ask us to make duas to any other than Allah. Therefore, verses such as 5:55 are no argument for supplicating to others than Allah. some people say that it's not shirq / partnering Allah to supplicate to prophets & imams, because they don't refer to them as Gods: of course intentions are important, yet in the Quran it is quite clear that calling upon others than Allah is setting up partners with Allah, hence making other Gods. The following verse clearly shows the calling upon Allah 'alone' vs. shirq / partnering with God partners: ذلكم بأنه إذا دعي الله وحده كفرتم و إن يشرك به تؤمنوا فالحكم لله العلي الكبير "That is because, when Allah was called upon (made duas to) alone, you disbelieved; but if others were associated (shirq) with Him, you believed. So the judgement is with Allah , the Most High, the Grand." 40:12 Argument of martyrdom, and it being ok to call upon them because they are still alive: the quran states clearly that martyrs are alive ( 2:154, 3:169 ); however, there is no indication that we should ask them for help or supplicate to them. Quite the opposite, in verses mentioned above, which show that we should not make duas to servants of His. Supplicating to holy people is like asking doctor for help, instead of only asking God: it is impossibly to live life alone without asking any creature for help. Already from birth we depend on our mothers and call for milk when hungry. However, the more we mature, the more we try our best to rely on God and only God. And when it comes to spiritual acts such as supplications, it is easily possible to purely rely on God. Even in daily life Islam encourages us to be as independent as possible. It is wrong to be demanding of others. At the same time the comparison with the doctor does not hold, because as Muslims we should invoke the Name of God before calling the doctor. When we meet the doctor we don't beg "please help me doctor!!!", or "oh Doctor take away my problem!!". What we do is explain our problems rationally, and have the doctor examine, resulting in solutions that are possible treatments and cures. But any muslim will be only asking Allah for help in their heart. Then finally we usually pay the doctors for their services. And finally doctors help us overcome health problems. So that comparison would make the intercessor the doctor, and Allah the health problem, which is obviously blasphemy. And if we were to compare the health problem to faith problem, then again that is partnering Allah, because it is clear that only Allah can determine faith: أرأيتم إن أخذ الله سمعكم و أبصاركم و ختم على قلوبكم من إله غير الله يأتيكم به "Have you considered: if Allah should take away your hearing and your sight and set a seal upon your hearts, which deity other than Allah could bring them to you?" 6:46 و الذين كذبوا بآياتنا صم و بكم في الظلمات من يشإ الله يضلله و من يشأ يجعله على صراط مستقيم But those who deny Our verses are deaf and dumb within darknesses. Whomever Allah wills - He leaves astray; and whomever He wills - He puts him on a straight path. ذلك هدى الله يهدي به من يشاء من عباده ولو أشركوا لحبط عنهم ما كانوا يعملون That is the guidance of Allah by which He guides whomever He wills of His servants. But if they had associated others with Allah , then worthless for them would be whatever they were doing. We love them so much that's why we supplicate to them: we should love Allah the most, and follow His orders. و من الناس من يتخذ من دون الله أندادا يحبونهم كحب الله و الذين آمنوا أشد حبّا لله و لو يرى الذين ظلموا إذ يرون العذاب أن القوة لله جميعا و أن الله شديد العذاب And, among the people are those who take other than Allah as equals. They love them as they love Allah . But those who believe are stronger in love for Allah . And if only they who have wronged would consider when they see the punishment, that all power belongs to Allah and that Allah is severe in punishment. 2:165 At the same time if we truly love our prophets and Imams, then we will pray for them, not pray to them. We will pray to Allah to send peace and blessings and justice to them, and ask to be able to support them. The ones who only kept on asking from their Prophet without giving were the people of Moses. They ended up telling Moses to go fight alone: قالوا يا موسى إنا لن ندخلها أبدا ما داموا فيها فاذهب أنت و ربك فقاتلا إنا هاهنا قاعدون They said, "O Moses, indeed we will not enter it, ever, as long as they are within it; so go, you and your Lord, and fight. Indeed, we are remaining right here." 5:24 و قال ربكم ادعوني أستجب لكم And your Lord says, "Call upon Me; I will respond to you." 40:60 further discussion: the word dua is used in the Quran in many different ways, including calling as well as inviting. In the following verse it refers to addressing the prophet vs. addressing other people: لا تجعلوا دعاء الرسول بينكم كدعاء بعضكم Do not make calling (duas) of the Messenger among yourselves as the call (dua) of one of you to another. 24:63 so, just like the example of the doctor, we can not compare asking from Allah to asking others than Allah. Even though other people can hear a little, it does not mean that they have the Name of al Sami' السميع .. or the Hearing (Name of God). They only hear as much as Allah wants them to, and Allah is the one who enables them to act upon it. So when referring to duas such as dua kumayl and duas in prayers, then it is something that should be reserved for Allah and Allah alone. While calling humans for whatever reason can not be compared to this. At the same time asking a person who is in front of us to pray for us is also not supplicating to that person. The more we can be independent from all others than Allah, the better. That is the reason why i will never (in sha Allah) make dua tawasul (supplication for intercession) or call for help from servants of Allah who were martyred ( such as saying ya Ali Madad ). The Quran and 99% of hadiths are consistently clear about this, and also imam Ali for instance never said Ya Muhamad Madad. or Imam Hassan never said Ya Ali (Abi) Madad .. etc fi aman ilah Walaikum salaam
  20. bismillah salam alaikum im glad to see that you admit that prophets did make mistakes, and the whole comparison thing applies to Allah, who is the only One who can not be compared .. just like we can compare the 7th level of heaven to the 1st, we can compare all of creations and humans who are in degrees (according to quran) .. daragat are in relation to each other. only Allah knows my relation to the prophets and how apart they are. it's my honor that you like my way of defending Allah's uniqueness. jazak Allah Khair we can't compare prophets to Allah .. walaikum salaam walaikum salaam jazak Allah Khair those are no proofs on that website. i respect al-islam.com so very much, but for some reason they disappointed me with that section very much. anyway i will post the compact proofs now in sha Allah walaikum salaam Bismillah Salam Alaikum Here is a compact form, that anybody who knows quran well can read easily and see all the proofs in clear arabic, which addresses also all the verses used by all shias today: : آدم و يا آدم اسكن أنت وزوجك الجنة فكلا من حيث شئتما و لا تقربا هذه الشجرة فتكونا من الظالمين 7:19 فوسوس لهما الشيطان ليبدي لهما ما ووري عنهما من سوآتهما و قال ما نهاكما ربكما عن هذه الشجرة إلا أن تكونا ملكين أو تكونا من الخالدين 7:20 و قاسمهما إني لكما لمن الناصحين 7:21 فدلاهما بغرور فلما ذاقا الشجرة بدت لهما سوآتهما و طفقا يخصفان عليهما من ورق الجنة و ناداهما ربهما ألم أنهكما عن تلكما الشجرة و أقل لكما إن الشيطان لكما عدو مبين 7:22 قالا ربنا ظلمنا أنفسنا و إن لم تغفر لنا و ترحمنا لنكونن من الخاسرين 7:23 يا بني آدم لا يفتننكم الشيطان كما أخرج أبويكم من الجنة ينزع عنهما لباسهما ليريهما سوآتهما إنه يراكم هو و قبيله من حيث لا ترونهم إنا جعلنا الشياطين أولياء للذين لا يؤمنون 7:27 فتلقى آدم من ربه كلمات فتاب عليه إنه هو التواب الرحيم 2:37 فأكلا منها فبدت لهما سوآتهما وطفقا يخصفان عليهما من ورق الجنة وعصى آدم ربه فغوى 20:121 إبراهيم : ربنا اغفر لي و لوالدي و للمؤمنين يوم يقوم الحساب 14:41 موسى : قال سبحانك تبت إليك و أنا أول المؤمنين 7:143 قال رب اغفر لي و لأخي وأدخلنا في رحمتك و أنت أرحم الراحمين 7:151 قال رب إني ظلمت نفسي فاغفر لي فغفر له إنه هو الغفور الرحيم 28:16 قال فعلتها إذا و أنا من الضالين 26:20 : داوود و ظن داوود أنما فتناه فاستغفر ربه وخر راكعا و أناب 38:24 سليمان : فقال إني أحببت حب الخير عن ذكر ربي حتى توارت بالحجاب 38:32 و لقد فتنا سليمان وألقينا على كرسيه جسدا ثم أناب 38:34 قال رب اغفر لي 38:35 يونس: فالتقمه الحوت وهو مليم 37:142 وذا النون إذ ذهب مغاضبا فظن أن لن نقدر عليه فنادى في الظلمات أن لا إله إلا أنت سبحانك إني كنت من الظالمين 21:87 محمد: عفا الله عنك لم أذنت لهم حتى يتبين لك الذين صدقوا وتعلم الكاذبين 9:43 و كذلك أوحينا إليك روحا من أمرنا ما كنت تدري ما الكتاب و لا الإيمان و لكن جعلناه نورا نهدي به من نشاء من عبادنا وإنك لتهدي إلى صراط مستقيم 42:52 فاعلم أنه لا إله إلا الله و استغفر لذنبك و للمؤمنين و المؤمنات و الله يعلم متقلبكم ومثواكم 47:19 ليغفر لك الله ما تقدم من ذنبك و ما تأخر و يتم نعمته عليك و يهديك صراطا مستقيما 48:2 يا أيها النبي لم تحرم ما أحل الله لك تبتغي مرضات أزواجك و الله غفور رحيم 66:1 و وجدك ضالّا فهدى 93:7 و لو يؤاخذ الله الناس بظلمهم ما ترك عليها من دابة 16:61 ___________ و لكلّ درجات مما عملوا 6:132 ___________ و من يتعد حدود الله فأولئك هم الظالمون 2:229 فمن تاب من بعد ظلمه و أصلح فإن الله يتوب عليه إن الله غفور رحيم 5:39 و هو الذي يقبل التوبة عن عباده ويعفو عن السيئات و يعلم ما تفعلون 42:25 فمن تاب من بعد ظلمه وأصلح فإن الله يتوب عليه إن الله غفور رحيم 5:39 نغفر لكم خطاياكم 2:58 الذين يقولون ربنا إننا آمنا فاغفر لنا ذنوبنا و قنا عذاب النار 3:16 __________ و الذين إذا فعلوا فاحشة أو ظلموا أنفسهم ذكروا الله فاستغفروا لذنوبهم و من يغفر الذنوب إلا الله و لم يصروا على ما فعلوا وهم يعلمون 3:135 _________ ما ضل صاحبكم و ما غوى 53:2 : ضل 1. ألم يجدك يتيما فآوى 93:6 و وجدك ضالّا فهدى 93:7 2. ما يضل به إلا الفاسقين 2:26 3. قال علمها عند ربي في كتاب لا يضل ربي و لا ينسى 20:52 ولم يكن له كفوا أحد 4. قال اهبطا منها جميعا بعضكم لبعض عدو فإما يأتينكم مني هدى فمن اتبع هداي فلا يضل ولا يشقى 20:123 : غوى فأكلا منها فبدت لهما سوآتهما وطفقا يخصفان عليهما من ورق الجنة وعصى آدم ربه فغوى لا نفرق بين أحد من رسله (2:285, 3:84, 4:152) 20:121 ___________ يا أيها النبي لم تحرم ما أحل الله لك تبتغي مرضات أزواجك و الله غفور رحيم 66:1 يا أيها الذين آمنوا لا تحرموا طيبات ما أحل الله لكم ولا تعتدوا إن الله لا يحب المعتدين 5:87 __________ يريد الله ليذهب عنكم الرجس أهل البيت و يطهركم تطهيرا 33:33 و يذهب غيظ قلوبهم ( مؤمنين ) ويتوب الله على من يشاء و الله عليم حكيم 9:15 دعا کُمَيل اَلّلهُمَّ اغفِرلی کُلَّ ذَنبٍ اَذنَبتُهُ وَ کُلَّ خَطيئَةٍ اَخطَأتُها، Salam Alaikum, The word "infallible", is inaccurately translated from the word maasum , which means guarded/protected. Maasum does not mean infallible, and neither is it ever used that way in Quran and Narrations. I. The word Maasum (root ع ص م ), it's uses in Quran and Narrations: Maasum in the Quran: 1 - Prophet Mohamed being Maasum from people: يا أيها الرسول بلغ ما أنزل إليك من ربك وإن لم تفعل فما بلغت رسالته والله يعصمك من الناس إن الله لا يهدي القوم الكافرين O Messenger, announce that which has been revealed to you from your Lord, and if you do not, then you have not conveyed His message. And Allah will protect (yeaasumak) you from the people. Indeed, Allah does not guide the disbelieving people. 5:67 ... everybody knows that the prophet was not perfectly protected from people in every way. He even got injured in battle, and suffered a lot due to people. Same with Imam Ali who also wasn't totally protected by people, who ended up stabbing him in the back. 2 - Prophet Noah being Maasum/protected from Decree of Allah: قال سآوي إلى جبل يعصمني من الماء قال لا عاصم اليوم من أمر الله إلا من رحم وحال بينهما الموج فكان من المغرقين he (Noahs son) said, "I will take refuge on a mountain to protect me from the water." [Noah] said, "There is no protector (Aassem) today from the decree of Allah , except for whom He gives mercy." And the waves came between them, and he was among the drowned. 3 - Being Maasum/protected from Allah: قل من ذا الذي يعصمكم من الله إن أراد بكم سوءا أو أراد بكم رحمة ولا يجدون لهم من دون الله وليّا ولا نصيرا Say, "Who is it that can protect you from Allah if He intends for you an ill or intends for you a mercy?" And they will not find for themselves besides Allah any protector or any helper. 4 - About evil people, that they are not Maasum from Allah: ما لهم من الله من عاصم They will have from Allah no protector. 10:27 it goes to say that any person who is good, is protected by Allah in this life and the next to a certain extent. .. from Quran we can see that the word Maasum has little to do with absolute "infallibility". And some people say that it's Maasum min al khata', or protected from mistakes. In that case, it can not be taken as absolute. Grammatically, the word maasum is like muslim. maasum is somebody who is guarded, and muslim is somebody who is surrendered. does that mean that muslims are totally absolutely surrendered in every way? وأنا منا المسلمون ومنا القاسطون فمن أسلم فأولئك تحروا رشدا And whoever has become Muslim - those have sought out the right course. 72:14 Here uses of the word Maasoum in Narrations by Imam: 1 - قال نحن خزان علم الله، نحن تراجمة أمر الله، نحن قوم معصومون، أمر الله تبارك وتعالى بطاعتنا ونهى عن معصيتنا، نحن الحجة البالغة على من دون السماء و فوق الارض. We are the treasuries of the knowledge of Allah, and the interpreters of the command of Allah. We are a guarded / maasoom community, and Allah has commanded obedience to us and prohibited disobedience to us. We are the hujja/proof encompassing all that is below the heavens and above the Earth. (al-Kafi, Volume 1, hadith 701) 2 - أمير المؤمنين علي بن أبي طالب ع قال إن الله تبارك و تعالى طهرنا و عصمنا و جعلنا شهداء على خلقه و حججا في أرضه و جعلنا مع القرآن و جعل القرآن معنا لا نفارقه و لا يفارقنا Ameer Al-Mu’mineen `Alee bin Abee Taalib (عليه السلام) said: “Verily Allaah has purified us and us guarded / Maasoum, and made us witnesses upon his creations, and his proof on his earth, and made us with the Qur’aan, and made the Qur’aan with us. We shall not separate from it nor shall it separate from us” Al-Sadooq, Kamaal Al-Deen, vol. 1, ch. 22, pg. 240, hadeeth # 63 Al-Kulayni, Al-Kaafi, vol. 1, Kitaab Al-Hujjah, Ch. 15, hadeeth # 2, pg. 203 - 205 .. even though the ahl bayt are purified, guarded and witness over creations, we can not conclude this in an absolute way. Just like it is impossible for any human to witness all of creations. only Allah is the Witness , His holy Name is al Shaheed الشهيد. A - و عنده مفاتح الغيب لا يعلمها إلا هو ويعلم ما في البر والبحر وما تسقط من و رقة إلا يعلمها ول ا حبة في ظلمات الأرض و لا رطب و لا يابس إلا في كتاب مبين And with Him are the keys of the unseen; none knows them except Him. And He knows what is on the land and in the sea. Not a leaf falls but that He knows it. And no grain is there within the darknesses of the earth and no moist or dry [thing] but that it is in a clear record. 6:59 (Quran) furthermore in the aya 33:33 where the likes of Prophet Mohamed and Imam Ali are addressed, Allah talks of His intention of purifying them from impurity/sin. How can that be if they are perfectly pure? Is it possibly to remove impurity from a perfectly pure being? ( this argument is brought up later again for a detailed comprehensive objective study of that holy verse 33:33 ) B - يريد الله ليذهب عنكم الرجس أهل البيت ويطهركم تطهيرا Allah intends only to remove from you the impurity, O people of the House, and to purify you with purification. so just like we can not say that prophets and imams are witness to all the creations, and that they are completely utterly pure at time of 33:33 coming down, we can not claim they are guarded in every single way. This Note is to show proofs why the word maasum is not in an absolute way. For the sake of understanding our Prophets and Imams better, and hence understand Allah better. It is important to understand that they are fallible creatures who are not absolute in any way. Only Allah is Absolute, and He does not share or compare with anyone. II. Here verses that show the fallibility Prophets: 1 - Prophet Adam: A - و يا آدم اسكن أنت وزوجك الجنة فكلا من حيث شئتما و لا تقربا هذه الشجرة فتكونا من الظالمين And "O Adam, dwell, you and your wife, in Paradise and eat from wherever you will but do not approach this tree, lest you be among the wrongdoers." 7:19 B - فوسوس لهما الشيطان ليبدي لهما ما ووري عنهما من سوآتهما و قال ما نهاكما ربكما عن هذه الشجرة إلا أن تكونا ملكين أو تكونا من الخالدين But Satan whispered to them to make apparent to them that which was concealed from them of their private parts. He said, "Your Lord did not forbid you this tree except that you become angels or become of the immortal." 7:20 C - و قاسمهما إني لكما لمن الناصحين And he swore to them, "Indeed, I am to you from among the sincere advisors." 7:21 D - فدلاهما بغرور فلما ذاقا الشجرة بدت لهما سوآتهما و طفقا يخصفان عليهما من ورق الجنة و ناداهما ربهما ألم أنهكما عن تلكما الشجرة و أقل لكما إن الشيطان لكما عدو مبين So he made them fall, through deception. And when they tasted of the tree, their private parts became apparent to them, and they began to fasten together over themselves from the leaves of Paradise. And their Lord called to them, "Did I not forbid you from that tree and tell you that Satan is to you a clear enemy?" 7:22 E - قالا ربنا ظلمنا أنفسنا و إن لم تغفر لنا و ترحمنا لنكونن من الخاسرين They said, "Our Lord, we have wronged ourselves, and if You do not forgive us and have mercy upon us, we will surely be among the losers." 7:23 F - يا بني آدم لا يفتننكم الشيطان كما أخرج أبويكم من الجنة ينزع عنهما لباسهما ليريهما سوآتهما إنه يراكم هو و قبيله من حيث لا ترونهم إنا جعلنا الشياطين أولياء للذين لا يؤمنون O children of Adam, let not Satan tempt you as he removed your parents from Paradise, stripping them of their clothing to show them their evil. Indeed, he sees you, he and his tribe, from where you do not see them. Indeed, We have made the devils allies to those who do not believe. 7:27 G - فتلقى آدم من ربه كلمات فتاب عليه إنه هو التواب الرحيم Then Adam received from his Lord words, and He accepted his repentance (fa taaba eleyh). Indeed, it is He who is the Accepting of repentance, the Merciful. 2:37 H - فأكلا منها فبدت لهما سوآتهما وطفقا يخصفان عليهما من ورق الجنة وعصى آدم ربه فغوى And Adam and his wife ate of it, and their private parts became apparent to them, and they began to fasten over themselves from the leaves of Paradise. And Adam disobeyed his Lord and erred. 20:121 2 - Prophet Abraham asking for forgiveness: ربنا اغفر لي و لوالدي و للمؤمنين يوم يقوم الحساب Our Lord, forgive me and my parents and the believers the Day the account is established." 14:41 3 - Prophet Moses repenting for his mistakes: A - قال سبحانك تبت إليك و أنا أول المؤمنين "Exalted are You! I have repented to You (tubt elaik), and I am the first of the believers."7:143 B - قال رب اغفر لي و لأخي وأدخلنا في رحمتك و أنت أرحم الراحمين [Moses] said, "My Lord, forgive me and my brother and admit us into Your mercy, for You are the most merciful of the merciful." 7:151 C - قال رب إني ظلمت نفسي فاغفر لي فغفر له إنه هو الغفور الرحيم He said, "My Lord, indeed I have wronged myself, so forgive me," and He forgave him. Indeed, He is the Forgiving, the Merciful. 28:16 D - قال فعلتها إذا و أنا من الضالين [Moses] said, "I did it, then, while I was of those astray (addalleen). 26:20 4 - Prophet David asking for forgiveness: و ظن داوود أنما فتناه فاستغفر ربه وخر راكعا و أناب And David became certain that We had tried him, and he asked forgiveness of his Lord and fell down bowing [in prostration] and turned in repentance. 38:24 5 - Prophet Sulaiman asking for forgiveness: A - فقال إني أحببت حب الخير عن ذكر ربي حتى توارت بالحجاب And he ( Solomon ) said, "Indeed, I gave preference to the love of good [things] over the remembrance of my Lord until the sun disappeared into the curtain [of darkness]." 38:32 B - و لقد فتنا سليمان وألقينا على كرسيه جسدا ثم أناب And indeed We already tempted Sulayman, (Solomon) and We cast upon his chair a corporeal (form); thereafter he turned in repentance. 38:34 C - قال رب اغفر لي He said, "My Lord, forgive me 38:35 6 - Prophet Younes: A - فالتقمه الحوت وهو مليم Then the whale swallowed him, while he was blameworthy. 37:142 B - وذا النون إذ ذهب مغاضبا فظن أن لن نقدر عليه فنادى في الظلمات أن لا إله إلا أنت سبحانك إني كنت من الظالمين And the man of the fish (Younis), when he went off in anger and thought that We would not decree [anything] upon him. And he called out within the darknesses, "There is no deity except You; exalted are You. Indeed, I have been of the wrongdoers ." 21:87 7 - Prophet Muhamed: A - عفا الله عنك لم أذنت لهم حتى يتبين لك الذين صدقوا وتعلم الكاذبين May Allah pardon you; why did you give them permission? [You should not have] until it was evident to you who were truthful and you knew the liars. 9:43 B - و كذلك أوحينا إليك روحا من أمرنا ما كنت تدري ما الكتاب و لا الإيمان و لكن جعلناه نورا نهدي به من نشاء من عبادنا وإنك لتهدي إلى صراط مستقيم And thus We have revealed to you an inspiration of Our command. You did not know what is the Book or faith, but We have made it a light by which We guide whom We will of Our servants. And indeed, you guide to a straight path - 42:52 C - فاعلم أنه لا إله إلا الله و استغفر لذنبك و للمؤمنين و المؤمنات و الله يعلم متقلبكم ومثواكم So know that there is no god except Allah, and ask forgiveness for your guilty deed, and for the male believers and female believers; and Allah knows your moving about and your lodging. 47:19 D - ليغفر لك الله ما تقدم من ذنبك و ما تأخر و يتم نعمته عليك و يهديك صراطا مستقيما That Allah may forgive for you what preceded of your sin and what will follow and complete His favor upon you and guide you to a straight path 48:2 E - يا أيها النبي لم تحرم ما أحل الله لك تبتغي مرضات أزواجك و الله غفور رحيم O Prophet, why do you prohibit what Allah has made lawful for you, seeking the approval of your wives? And Allah is Forgiving and Merciful. 66:1 F - و وجدك ضالّا فهدى And He found you lost and guided [you], 93:7 Finally: و لو يؤاخذ الله الناس بظلمهم ما ترك عليها من دابة و لكن يؤخرهم إلى أجل مسمّى فإذا جاء أجلهم لا يستأخرون ساعة ولا يستقدمون And if Allah were to impose blame on the people for their wrongdoing, He would not have left upon the earth any creature, 16:61 III. Excerpt from Dua / Supplication Kumayl by Imam Ali, showing fallibility of Imam Ali O Allah! Forgive me my such sins as would affront my continency O Allah! Forgive me my such sins as would bring down calamity O Allah! Forgive me my such sins as would change divine favours (into disfavours (O Allah! Forgive me my such sins as would hinder my supplication O Allah! Forgive me such sins as bring down misfortunes (or afflictions) O Allah! Forgive my such sins as would suppress hope O Allah! Forgive every sin that I have committed and every error that I have erred O Allah! ... O Allah! Except Thee I do not find any one able to pardon my sins nor to conceal my loathsome acts Nor have I any one except Thee to change my evil deeds into virtues There is no god but Thou glory and praise be to Thee I have made my own soul to suffer I had the audacity (to sin) by my ignorance Relying upon my past remembrance of Thee and Thy grace towards me O Allah! My Lord! How many of my loathsome acts hast Thou screened (from public gaze) How many of my grievous afflictions (distresses) hast Thou reduced in severity And how many of my stumbling hast Thou protected, how many of my detestable acts has Thou averted, and how many of my undeserving praises hast Thou spread abroad! O Allah! My trials and sufferings have increased and my evilness has worsened, my good deeds have diminished and my yokes (of misdeeds) have become firm And remote hopes restrain me to profit (by good deeds) and the world has deceived me with its allurements and my own self has been affected by treachery and procrastination Therefore, my Lord! I implore Thee by Thy greatness not to let my sins and my misdeeds shut out access to my prayers from reaching Thy realm and not to disgrace me by exposing those (hidden ones) of which Thou hast knowledge nor to hasten my retribution for those vices and misdeeds committed by me in secret which were due to evil mindedness, ignorance, excessive lustfulness and my negligence O Allah! I beg Thee by Thy greatness to be compassionate to me in all circumstances and well disposed towards me in all matters My God! My Nourisher! Have I anyone except Thee from whom I can seek the dislodging of my evils and understanding of my problems? My God! My Master! Thou decreed a law for me but instead I obeyed my own low desires And I did not guard myself against the allurements of my enemy He deceived me with vain hopes whereby I was led astray and fate helped him in that respect Thus I transgressed some of its limits set for me by Thee and I disobeyed some of Thy commandments; Thou hast therefore a (just) cause against me in all those matters and I have no plea against Thy judgment passed against me I have therefore become (justifiably) liable to Thy judgment and afflictions But now I have turned Thee, my Lord, after being guilty of omissions and transgressions against my soul, apologetically, repentantly, broken heartedly, entreating earnestly for forgiveness, yieldingly confessing (to my guilt) as I can find no escape from that which was done by me and having no refuge to which I could turn except seeking Thy acceptance of my excuse and admitting me into the realm of Thy capacious mercy O Allah! Accept my apology and have pity on my intense sufferings and set me free from my heavy fetters (of evil deeds) My Nourisher! Have mercy on the infirmity of my body, the delicacy of my skin and the brittleness of my bones O' Thou! IV. Logic Proof: Allah has no partners: Allah is infallible Allah has no partner / shareek Therefore only Allah is infallible و لم يكن له كفوا أحد "Nor is there to Him any equivalent." 112:4. Only Allah is absolute 1 - no mistakes = zero mistakes 2 - zero, like infinity is absolute. 3 - الصمد Al Samad (The Eternal, The Absolute, The Self-Sufficient) Prophet mohamed is among the highest of the highest (if not the highest) of all creatures, who are in degrees .. and degrees is still limited to more or less, but not infinity or zero. only Allah is infinitely perfect and has zero faults mankind and prophets are in degrees, which means that they are relative to each other. It is not possible to be more or less infallible. or more or less zero. Can a cup be more or less full? can a cup be more or less empty?A - تلك الرسل فضلنا بعضهم على بعض منهم Those messengers - some of them We caused to exceed others. 2:253 B - هم درجات عند الله و الله بصير بما يعملون They are in varying grades with Allah 3:163 C - نرفع درجات من نشاء We raise up in degrees whomever We decide 6:83 D - و لكلّ درجات مما عملوا And for all are degrees from what they have done. 6:132 E - أولئك هم المؤمنون حقّا لهم درجات عند ربهم Those are the believers, truly. For them are degrees with their Lord 8:4 Again, only Allah is completely infallible. V. Arguments used for claiming partnership in God's infallibility among Islamic Schools: Argument 1 - When Allah forbid Adam, it was a recommendation, not a command / there was no Law in Heaven for Adam and Eve: According to the experts of Islamic jurisprudence, the orders givenby Allãh are of two types: 1.Al-amr al-mawlawi, a legislative command. Such orders must be implemented; and, if someone disobeys such a command, then heis committing a sin and is liable to be punished. 2Al-amr al-irshãdi, an advisory command. Such orders are of advisory nature; their purpose is to inform the people about its consequences. However, if someone disobeys such an order, then he is not committing a sin; of course, hewill have to face the consequences of not following the advice. We have already explained that commands of Allah do not always have the force of obligation or prohibition. And, by keeping in mind those verses which prove the ‘i¥mah, we have no choice but to interpret this word as “disobeyed the advisory command”. .. those are invented standards that have no basis in the Quran or Hadiths. Let us look at the part where Allah talks about forbidding Adam: A - و يا آدم اسكن أنت و زوجك الجنة فكلا من حيث شئتما و لا تقربا هذه الشجرة فتكونا من الظالمين And "O Adam, dwell, you and your wife, in Paradise and eat from wherever you will but do not approach this tree, lest you be among the wrongdoers (zalemeen )." 7:19 B - فوسوس لهما الشيطان ليبدي لهما ما و وري عنهما من سوآتهما و قال ما نهاكما ربكما عن هذه الشجرة إلا أن تكونا ملكين أو تكونا من الخالدين But Satan whispered to them to make apparent to them that which was concealed from them of their private parts. He said, "Your Lord did not forbid ( nahakuma) you this tree except that you become angels or become of the immortal." 7:20 C - ألم أنهكما عن تلكما الشجرة و أقل لكما إن الشيطان لكما عدو مبين "Did I not forbid (anhakuma root word ن ه ي ) you that tree, and tell you that Satan was an avowed enemy unto you?" 7:22 D - قالا ربنا ظلمنا أنفسنا و إن لم تغفر لنا و ترحمنا لنكونن من الخاسرين They said, "Our Lord, we have wronged (done zulm) ourselves, and if You do not forgive us and have mercy upon us, we will surely be among the losers." 7:23 The Quranic verses use for the word "forbidden" a word that is very clearly used for something that is very much forbidden, including in reference to 'major sins', usury, polytheism, immorality, bad conduct and corruption: At the same time the other verses show clearly that Allah "forbade" this tree. let us look at other verses that use the same root word to signify "forbid" ( root word ن ه ي ) A - for major sins: إن تجتنبوا كبائر ما تنهون عنه نكفر عنكم سيئاتكم و ندخلكم مدخلا كريما If you avoid the major sins which you are forbidden ( root word ن ه ي ), We will remove from you your lesser sins and admit you to a noble entrance [into Paradise]. 4:31 B - usury: و أخذهم الربا و قد نهوا عنه And [for] their taking of usury while they had been forbidden ( root word ن ه ي ) from it 4:161 C - worshipping others than Allah: قل إني نهيت أن أعبد الذين تدعون من دون الله لما جاءني البينات من ربي وأمرت أن أسلم لرب العالمين Say, "Indeed, I have been forbidden (nuhytu / root word ن ه ي ) to worship those you call upon besides Allah once the clear proofs have come to me from my Lord, and I have been commanded to submit to the Lord of the worlds." 40:66 D - Immorality, oppression: إن الله يأمر بالعدل و الإحسان و إيتاء ذي القربى و ينهى عن الفحشاء و المنكر و البغي يعظكم لعلكم تذكرون Indeed, Allah orders justice and good conduct and giving to relatives and forbids (yanha / root word ن ه ي) immorality and bad conduct and oppression. 16:90 additionally, let us remember that the one who claimed that Allah did not forbid Adam from the tree was Satan ("Your Lord did not forbid you this tree 7:20). So that also is proof that we can not follow Shaytans footsteps by claiming that Allah did not forbid it. In the first aya 7:19, Allah tells Adam "do not" in the same exact way like Allah tells us "Do not worship except Allah" 2:83. So Allah's command of "do not" or لا is very clear. Argument 2 - Hadiths that contradict Quran: The only hadiths i could find which refutes the commonly agreed upon interpretation of words such as zulm, ghfr, and aldhaleen, is from the following website: http://maaref-foundation.net/english/library/hadith/uyun_akhbar_al_reza_1/20.htm#a252 however, below is highlighted a sentence that actually admits that Adam and prophet Mohamed committed (minor) sins, while claiming that after they became prophets they committed no mistakes. CHAPTER FIFTEEN:ANOTHER SESSION WITH AL-REZA (S) AND AL-MA’MUN ON THE INFALLIBILITY OF THE PROPHETS 15-1 Tamim ibn Abdullah ibn Tamim al-Qurashi - may God be pleased with him - narrated that his father quoted on the authority of Hamdan ibn Soleiman al-Neishaboori, on the authority of Ali ibn Muhammad ibn Al-Jahm that he entered a session held by Al-Ma’mun. Ali ibn Musa Al-Reza (s) was also there. Al-Ma’mun asked him, “O Son of the Prophet! Don’t you say that the Prophets (s) are innocent?” Imam Al-Reza (s) replied, “Yes.” (364) The two of them did not approach that tree, nor did they eat from it. However, after being tempted by Satan they ate from another tree.[256] Satan told them, ‘... Your Lord only forbade you this tree, lest you should become angels or such beings as live forever.’[257] Satan swore to them that he was their sincere advisor. Adam and Eve had never seen anyone falsely swear to God before. ‘So by deceit he brought about their fall...’[258] Thus trusting his oath they ate from the tree. This happened before Adam's Prophethood. It was not a major sin to make him deserve to enter the Fire. But it was a minor sin which God forgives.[259] Such sins are also permitted for the Prophets before their appointment. Once God appointed Muhammad (s) to Prophethood, he became innocent and did not commit any minor or major sins. God says, ‘... Thus did Adam disobey his Lord, and allowed himself to be seduced. But his Lord chose him (for His Grace): He turned to him, and gave him guidance.’[260] example, showing contradiction to quran: i. the root word ظ ل م (zulm) is mentioned in the Quran 315 times in 12 forms. Each and every time it is in reference to wrong/injustice/oppression/darkness. Additionally, Allah defines the the word zalimeen (those who do zulm/ wrong) very clearly as well: A - و من يتعد حدود الله فأولئك هم الظالمون And whoever transgresses the limits ordained by Allah, then such are the zalimun 2:229 .. this verse is in perfect harmony with the verse where Allah tells Adam not to transgress the limit of approaching the Tree, or else he will be among the zalemeen (7:19) و لا تقربا هذه الشجرة فتكونا من الظالمين B - الذين آمنوا و لم يلبسوا إيمانهم بظلم أولئك لهم الأمن و هم مهتدون It is those who believe and confuse not their belief with zulm, for them there is security and they are the guided. 6:82 C - و إذ قال موسى لقومه يا قوم إنكم ظلمتم أنفسكم باتخاذكم العجل And when Musa said to his people: "O my people! Verily, you have zalamt anfusikum / zulm to yourselves by worshipping the calf. 2:54 D - فمن تاب من بعد ظلمه و أصلح فإن الله يتوب عليه إن الله غفور رحيم But whoever repents (taaba) after his zulm and reforms, indeed, Allah will turn to him in forgiveness. Indeed, Allah is Forgiving and Merciful. 5:39 so, the following hadith goes against the Quran by claiming that zulm is not something bad, in order to explain why Moses said "i did zulm/wrong to myself". The hadith claims that in this case zulm means being in the wrong place: (notice that Prophet Younis and Prophet Adam are likewise mentioned to have done zulm to themselves in the Quran) Then Al-Ma’mun asked, “Then what do the following words of Moses (s) mean?, ‘O My Lord! I have indeed wronged my soul (zalamt nafsi)!’” [277] Then the Imam (s) said, “He meant by entering that town that he had placed himself in a condition which he should not have. We will [then] forgive your sins for you Also the hadith does not address when prophet Moses used the word Tubt elaik .. I have repented to You تبت إليك ( tubt elaik ), 7:143 How can the claim hold that tawba is also something independent of wrongdoing? ii. Here Allah puts the words Ghfr and Tawbah in to perspective: (notice that ghfr and zanb are connected) A - غافر الذنب و قابل التوب The forgiver of sin (ghafiri al zanb), acceptor of repentance ( qabil atawbi ) 40:3 B - و هو الذي يقبل التوبة عن عباده ويعفو عن السيئات و يعلم ما تفعلون And it is He who accepts repentance (yaqbalu altawbata) from his servants and pardons misdeeds (yaafu ‘an say’ati) 42:25 C - فمن تاب من بعد ظلمه وأصلح فإن الله يتوب عليه إن الله غفور رحيم But whoever (taaba) repents after his (zulimih) wrongdoing and reforms (wa salah), indeed, Allah will turn to him in forgiveness (Allah yetubu alayhi). Indeed, Allah is Forgiving and Merciful. 5:39 Then the hadith goes on to claim that when Moses said to Allah ighfirli, that it means to hide him from the enemies. But in the Quran this word is always used for Allah forgiving sins. Again, the root word gh f r occurs 234 times in 9 different forms, unanimously in relation to Allah forgiving / covering sins. Then when he said ‘Faghfirly [278] he meant hide me from my enemies so that they do not find me and kill me. (‘Faghfirly’ in the Quranic verse (‘So (God) forgave him [279] for He is the Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.’ [280]) has been translated by Yusuf Ali as “then forgive me.” The real meaning of ‘Ghufran in Arabic is hiding. It seems that it must have been that he said ‘Aqfirny.) iii. examples of use of istighfar which is always interpreted the same way: A - نغفر لكم خطاياكم We will forgive your sins (khata') for you 2:58 B - الذين يقولون ربنا إننا آمنا فاغفر لنا ذنوبنا و قنا عذاب النار Those who say: "Our Lord! We have indeed believed, so forgive us our sins (zanb) and save us from the punishment of the Fire." 3:16 C - و الذين إذا فعلوا فاحشة أو ظلموا أنفسهم ذكروا الله فاستغفروا لذنوبهم و من يغفر الذنوب إلا الله و لم يصروا على ما فعلوا وهم يعلمون And who, when they (perform) an obscenity or do an injustice to themselves, remember Allah, and so they ask forgiveness (staghfr) for their guilty deeds- and who forgives (staghfr) guilty deeds except Allah 3:135 I would like to add that from the words in the Quran, the word ghfr is truly among the most clear and unanimous. Moses asked from Al Ghafur Al Raheem for His ghfr based on zulm done to himself, and saying that this is actually to "hide him from his enemies", contradicts the clear 233 other times that root word is used in Quran. Argument 3 - You have indeed in the Prophet of Allah an exemplary character.(33:21) لقد كان لكم في رسول الله أسوة حسنة being a good (حسنة hassan ) example does not mean one is infallible like Allah. Any believer is an example to a non-believer .. with prophets being the ultimate human example.Argument 4 - 53:2 Your companion [Muhammad] has not strayed (ضل), nor has he erred (غوى) ما ضل صاحبكم و ما غوى in this verse the Prophet is referred to as someone who was astray then guided:A - ألم يجدك يتيما فآوى Did He not find you an orphan and give [you] refuge? 93:6 B - و وجدك ضالّا فهدى And He found you lost (ضل) and guided [you], 93:7 .. does that not prove that the statement that the prophet never ever strayed (ضل) in his life wrong? then the next proof looks at the same word stray / ضل in another verse, where it is mentioned in the same way for all believers :C - ما يضل به إلا الفاسقين And He causes to stray (ضل) not except the defiantly disobedient (fasiqeen), 2:26 .. so we can also be sure that this verse does not mean that all non-fasiqs are never mislead ever: ما ضل Ma dalla 53:2 ( does not err / stray ) ما يضل ma yudillu 2:26 ( does not cause to err / stray ) Verse showing Allah not straying / ضل. Of course nobody can share this absolute non-straying with Allah, as nobody can compare with Allah in any way. D - قال علمها عند ربي في كتاب لا يضل ربي و لا ينسى [Moses] said, "The knowledge thereof is with my Lord in a record. My Lord does not go astray (ضل) or forgets." 20:52 .. now we can be sure that Allah does not go astray at all, and that none is partner with him in this. In this verse we can take it to the infinite and absolute extent. But this verse is surely not comparable to 53:2, because nobody compares to Allah. All who are following Allah's guidance described as following guidance and not straying:E - قال اهبطا منها جميعا بعضكم لبعض عدو فإما يأتينكم مني هدى فمن اتبع هداي فلا يضل ولا يشقى [ Allah ] said, "Descend from Paradise - all, being enemies to one another. And if there should come to you guidance from Me - then whoever follows My guidance will neither go astray (ضل) nor suffer. 20:123 .. yet again we can not say that all those who follow guidance of Allah never ever go astray in any way, like Allah. At the same time it would be wrong of course to say only Prophets and Imams are followers of Allah's guidance. All believers are guided by Allah in ranks as well. The word used for "err" is also used for Adam. So now we have evidence that Prophet Mohamed was straying at one point, and that Adam erred:F - 20:121 And Adam disobeyed his Lord and erred (فغوى) So according to Quran Prophet Adam did err, and saying prophet Mohamed is infallible, and Adam is not, does not make sense, because the Quran tells us not to differentiate between prophets ( 2:285, 3:84, 4:152) Argument 5: Nor does he speak out of his desire. 53:3 و ما ينطق عن الهوى this is a general statement like the following ones, not to be taken literally:A - الذين يوفون بعهد الله و لا ينقضون الميثاق Those who fulfill the covenant of Allah and do not break the contract 13:20 .. this verse does not mean that "people of understanding" referred to in previous verse, never ever break any contract ever. B - كنتم خير أمة أخرجت للناس تأمرون بالمعروف و تنهون عن المنكر You are the best nation produced for mankind. You enjoin what is right and forbid what is wrong 3:110 .. again this verse talks about all muslims, and definitely despite the description here, the muslims don't enjoin what is right and forbid what is wrong each and every time, without fail. C - إن الله مع الذين اتقوا والذين هم محسنون For Allah is with those who restrain themselves, and those who do good. 16:128 .. does this mean that those whom Allah is with always restrain themselves and only ever do good? D - بلى من أسلم وجهه لله وهو محسن فله أجره عند ربه و لا خوف عليهم و لا هم يحزنون 4 - Nay,- whoever submits his whole face to Allah and is a doer of good (muhsinun),- He will get his reward with his Lord; on such shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve. 2:112 .. so does it mean that those will be rewarded who always do good without ever doing wrong ever? Argument 6: That would mean that Prophets teachings (hadiths) are not perfect! How can a prophet make mistakes? And how can Allah bring us His message through a fallible individual? أفلا يتدبرون القرآن و لو كان من عند غير الله لوجدوا فيه اختلافا كثيرا Do they not consider the Qur'an (with care)? Had it been from other Than Allah, they would surely have found therein Much discrepancy. 4:82 .. anything that is not Allah will result in discrepancy. Just like the non-quranic narrations. Nobody can claim that our hadiths are infallible, which is basically the Islamic teachings from our Prophet. additionally, the sanad/chains of narrators, the publishers are likewise fallible. So whatever teachings we have apart from Quran, we can be 100% sure they are imperfect teachings. so we can safely say that the quran is from Allah, and the speech of the prophet is not from Allah .. that is the reason why hadiths are incomparable with Quran, and also why only hadiths that are in line with Quran can be accepted. "The superiority of the Quran over any other speech is as the superiority of Allah over His creation." Bihar Al Anwar v.92 p.19 no. 18 Argument 7: Allah destined for Adam going to earth ("The decree of Allah was to place Khalifa on earth" 2:30), is a reason why it was not a mistake to disobey God's command. God wanted this to happen. There is a basic flaw in this way of thinking, because it is also predestined by Allah that all bad people are going to Hell. Everything that happens including all sins are part of Allah's destiny Argument 8: " Whoever obeys the Messenger, he indeed obeys Allah." 4:80 من يطع الرسول فقد أطاع الله We obey the prophet because he is better than us, but yet we may not compare him to Allah. Just because we are asked to obey the Prophet, does not mean that he is equal to Allah in any way. Allah has no partners / la sharik lah لا شريك له Prophets are in grades, Allah is above grades Argument 9: “My covenant does not include the unjust.” 2:124 لا ينال عهدي الظالمين This aya is also used as an argument, although it can again not be taken in an absolute way. Saying somebody is no unjust, does not mean they are always Just like Allah. Argument 10: O you who have believed, obey Allah and obey the Messenger and those in authority among you. And if you disagree over anything, refer it to Allah and the Messenger, if you should believe in Allah and the Last Day. That is the best and best in result. 4:59 يا أيها الذين آمنوا أطيعوا الله و أطيعوا الرسول و أولي الأمر منكم فإن تنازعتم في شيء فردوه إلى الله و الرسول إن كنتم تؤمنون بالله وا ليوم الآخر ذلك خير و أحسن تأويلا again, one may not equate Allah to the prophet, even if the prophet is Allah's vicegerent and messenger. Allah is infallible and complete, while His creatures don't share this. It is best to refer to the prophet after Allah, because the prophet is the best of mankind. therefore, the results will be better than referring to somebody who is relatively worse. Even if Allah tells us "obey Allah and Prophet", it does not mean that Prophet can be compared or set as partner with Allah. .. this is possibly the biggest trap people fall into. They think that because the names of Allah and the prophet are mentioned next to each other, that they can be compared, or likened or share partnership in anything. Argument 11: O Prophet, why do you prohibit what Allah has made lawful for you, seeking the approval of your wives? And Allah is Forgiving and Merciful. 66:1 .. & that it was not a mistake to "harram" something because the prophet simply did not do it. And not doing something can't be wrong. يا أيها النبي لم تحرم ما أحل الله لك تبتغي مرضات أزواجك و الله غفور رحيم directly opposing Allah - Harram vs. Hallal The simple Arabic words used are "harram" and "hallal", which are exactly opposing antonyms, and action verbs. If Allah makes something halal , and we make it haram, then that is opposing Allah, which is most basically wrong. Opposing Allah in any shape way or form is wrong of course. Harram can also mean "to restrain". Regardless of the exact context used, it's still always going to be exactly symmetrically opposite to the word hallal. and being symmetrically directly opposite to Allah can never be right, and always a mistake. Furthermore, we have hadith evidence that can shed some more light on this verse: A - Tafsir al-Qummi: Ahmad b. Idris reported to us. He said: Ahmad b. Muhammadnarrated to us from al-Husayn b. Sa`id from Ibn Sayyar from Abu `Abdillah عليه السلام regarding His تعالى saying “O prophet, why did you prohibit what Allah has madelawful to you” (to the end of) the aya. He said: `A’isha and Hafsa found out about the Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله while he was with Mariya. So the Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله said: By Allah, I will not draw near her. So Allah commanded him to atone for his oath. B - محمد بن يعقوب: عن علي بن إبراهيم، عن أبيه، عن ابن أبي نجران، عن عاصم بن حميد، عن محمد بن قيس، قال: قال أبو جعفر (عليه السلام): «قال الله عز و جل لنبيه (صلى الله عليه و آله): يا أَيُّهَا النَّبِيُّ لِمَ تُحَرِّمُ ما أَحَلَّ اللَّهُ لَكَ تَبْتَغِي مَرْضاتَ أَزْواجِكَ وَ اللَّهُ غَفُورٌ رَحِيمٌ قَدْ فَرَضَ اللَّهُ لَكُمْ تَحِلَّةَ أَيْمانِكُمْ فجعلها يمينا و كفرها رسول الله (صلى الله عليه و آله)». قلت: بم كفر؟ قال: «أطعم عشرة مساكين، لكل مسكين مد». al-Kafi: Muhammad b. Ya`qub from`Ali b. Ibrahim from his father from Ibn Abi Najran from `Asim b. Humayd fromMuhammad b. Qays. He said: Abu Ja`far عليه السلام said: Allah عز و جل said toHis Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله “O prophet, why did you prohibit what Allah has made lawful to you, seeking to please your wives? but Allah is forgiving, merciful. Allah has prescribed for you to expiate (make halal) your oaths” So he made it an oath and the Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وآله atoned it (did kaffara for it). I said: What did he atone it with? He said: Feeding ten poor people, for every poor person a mudd (of food). C – Muhammad b. Ya`qub from `Ali b. Ibrahim from his father from Ibn Mahbub from `Ali as-Sa’ee. He said: I said to Abu ‘l-Hasan عليه السلام: I said to Abu ‘l-Hasan عليه السلام: I used to marry mut`a, then I disliked it and tired of it. So I gave an oath to Allah, between the rukn and the maqam, and placed upon myself thusly a vow and a fast, that I not marry (by) it. Then that became burdensome to me and I regretted my oath. And there is not the strength by my hand that I should marry openly. He said: So he said to me: You made an oath to Allah that you would not obey Him? By Allah, if you did not obey Him (then) you would be disobeying Him. And the Shaykh narrated it by his isnad from Muhammad b. Ya`qub. And by his isnad from al-Husaynb. Sa`id from Muhammad b. Isma`il from Hamza b. Bazi` from `Ali as-Sa’ee likewise. D - [26404 ] 2 ـ محمد بن علي بن الحسين بإسناده عن جميل بن صالح قال : إن بعض أصحابنا قال لابي عبدالله ( عليه السلام ) : إنه يدخلني من المتعة شيء فقد حلفت أن لا أتزوج متعة أبدا ، فقال أبو عبدالله ( عليه السلام ) : انك إذا لم تطع الله فقد عصيته . Muhammad b. `Ali b. al-Husaynby his isnad from Jamil b. Salih. He said: One of our companions said to Abu `Abdillah عليه السلام: There has entered in me something of mut`a, so I have sworn that I will not marry in mut`a ever. So Abu `Abdillah عليه السلام said: Verily when you have not obeyed Allah then you have disobeyed Him. .. so according to these above hadiths it is a mistake to harram what is halal in the same context of 66:1 Then furthermore, in relation to verse 6:11, there is another verse that exactly points out to us that to 'harram' something that is 'halal' is wrong: يا أيها الذين آمنوا لا تحرموا طيبات ما أحل الله لكم ولا تعتدوا إن الله لا يحب المعتدين O you who have believed, do not prohibit (harram) the good things which Allah has made lawful (hallal Allah) to you and do not transgress. Indeed, Allah does not like transgressors. 5:87 here is a tafsir for this verse: al-Qummi narrates under the verse: O you who believe! Do not forbid (yourselves) the good things which Allah has made lawful for you. Narrated to me my father,from Ibn Abi 'Umayr, from some of his men, from Abu 'Abdillah (a.s.), that he said, "This verse was revealed about the Leader of the Faithful (a.s.), Bilal and 'Uthman ibn Maz'un. As for the Leader of the faithful (a.s.), he had sworn that he would never sleep at night; and as for Bilal, he had sworn that he would never eat during day-time (i.e. would alwayskeep fast); and as for 'Uthman ibn Maz'un, he had sworn that he would never indulge in sexual relation. The argument not doing something halal can not be wrong is also flawed: it can be wrong to restrain oneself from something Halal. Examples of this are restraining from prayer, fasting, charity, and fulfilling a wife's needs. the question of why Allah sent down the verse is in itself a proof: Allah sent down this verse to change something in the prophets way, and guide him away from a wrong decision he took. If it was not an important mistake, then Allah would not have dedicated a chapter to it, called surat Tahreem Argument 12: Based on aya 2:115 Adam forgot, which makes it not a sin/mistake to disobey Allah? "And We had already taken a promise from Adam before, but he forgot; " 20:115 و لقد عهدنا إلى آدم من قبل فنسي ولم نجد له عزما again, we can see in the Quran that forgetting does not mean it's not a mistake: A - فلما نسوا ما ذكروا به فتحنا عليهم أبواب كل شيء حتى إذا فرحوا بما أوتوا أخذناهم بغتة فإذا هم مبلسون So, when they forgot with which they had been reminded, We opened for them the gates of every (pleasant) thing, until in themidst of their enjoyment in that which they were given, all of a sudden, We took them (in punishment), and lo! They were plunged into destruction with deep regrets and sorrows. 6:44 B - فاليوم ننساهم كما نسوا لقاء يومهم هذا وما كانوا بآياتنا يجحدون So this Day We shall forget them as they forgot their meeting of this Day, and as they used to reject Our Ayat 7:51 C - نسوا الله فنسيهم إن المنافقين هم الفاسقون They have forgotten Allah, so He has forgotten them. Verily, the hypocrites are the Fasiqun 9:67 [Musa (Moses)] said: "Call me not to accountfor what I forgot, andbe not hard upon me for my affair 18:73 D - إن الذين يضلون عن سبيل الله لهم عذاب شديد بما نسوا يوم الحساب Verily, those who wander astray from the Path of Allah (shall) have a severe torment, because they forgot the Day of Reckoning. 38:26 E - و قيل اليوم ننساكم كما نسيتم لقاء يومكم هذا ومأواكم النار وما لكم من ناصرين And it will be said: "This Day We will forget you as you forgot the Meeting of this Day of yours. And your abode is the Fire, and there is none to help you." 45:34 F - يوم يبعثهم الله جميعا فينبئهم بما عملوا أحصاه الله و نسوه و الله على كل شيء شهيد On the Day when Allah will resurrect them ( disbelievers / للكافرين 58:5) all together and inform them of what they did. Allah has kept account of it, while they have forgotten it. And Allah is Witness over all things. 58:6 G - و لا تكونوا كالذين نسوا الله فأنساهم أنفسهم أولئك هم الفاسقون And do not be as those who forgot Allah, so He caused them to forget their selves; those are they who are the immoral 59:19 the coming three verses are interesting because they shows how shaytan makes people forget: H - و قال للذي ظن أنه ناج منهما اذكرني عند ربك فأنساه الشيطان ذكر ربه فلبث في السجن بضع سنين And he (Joseph) said to the one whom he knew to be saved: "Mention me to your lord." But Shaitan made him forget to mention it to his Lord. So stayed inprison a few years. 12:42 I - قال أرأيت إذ أوينا إلى الصخرة فإني نسيت الحوت و ما أنسانيه إلا الشيطان أن أذكره واتخذ سبيله في البحر عجبا He said: "Do you remember when we be took ourselves to the rock? I indeed forgot the fish; none but Shaitan made me forget to remember it. It took its course into the sea in a strange!" 18:63 J - استحوذ عليهم الشيطان فأنساهم ذكر الله أولئك حزب الشيطان ألا إن حزب الشيطان هم الخاسرون Shaitan has overpowered them.So he has made them forget theremembrance of Allah. They are the party of Shaitan. Verily, it is the party of Shaitan that will be the losers! 58:19 Argument 13: This most famous verse: " Allah intends only to remove from you the impurity, people of the House, and to purify you with purification." 33:33 يريد الله ليذهب عنكم الرجس أهل البيت و يطهركم تطهيرا Looking at the word ليذهب or remove: Many people believe that this means remove all impurity, which is not the case, as the word kul is not there. The word for remove is "Yuthhib" يذهب this "never" is a false assumption. here in this following aya Allah telling us that He removes anger from "believers" does that mean that the believers never get angry. if it was absolute it would be written yuthib kol or remove all .. و يذهب غيظ قلوبهم ويتوب الله على من يشاء و الله عليم حكيم And remove the fury (in the believers') hearts. And Allah turns in forgiveness to whom He wills; and Allah is Knowing and Wise. 9:15 to compare: يذهب عنكم الرجس 33:33 yuthhib aankum al rijs 33:33 remove from you the impurity / sin يذهب غيظ قلوبهم 9:15 yuthhib ghaytha quloobihim 9:15 And remove the fury in their (believers) hearts. 9:15 Additionally, as mentioned previously already, why would there be a need to remove impurity if there is none? Mistakes / impurity need to be present, if they are to be removed. If they were pure and sinless, then there would be no need for purification. Argument 14: Prophets and Imams are not humans like us? A - الإنسان ضعيفا humans are weak. 4:28 ما المسيح ابن مريم إلا رسول قد خلت من قبله الرسل وأمه صديقة كانا يأكلان الطعام انظر كيف نبين لهم الآيات ثم انظر أنى يؤفكون The Messiah, son of Mary, was not but a messenger; messengers have passed on before him. And his mother was a supporter of truth. They both used to eat food. Look how We make clear to them the signs; then look how they are deluded. 5:75 B - ما محمد إلا رسول Muhammad is not but a messenger. 3:144 C - ما على الرسول إلا البلاغ The duty of the messenger is only to convey 5:99 D - قالت لهم رسلهم إن نحن إلا بشر مثلكم ( ... ) وعلى الله فليتوكل المؤمنون Their messengers said to them, "We are only men like you, ( ... ) And upon Allah let the believers rely. 14:11 E - قل إنما أنا بشر مثلكم Say, "I am a man like you 18:110 F - هو الذي بعث في الأميين رسولا منهم It is He who has sent among the unlettered a Messenger from themselves 62:2 Argument 15: But Angels make no mistakes too. based on “ harsh, severe Angels, who do not disobey Allah in what He commands them and who do whatever they are commanded” 66:6 ملائكة غلاظ شداد لا يعصون الله ما أمرهم و يفعلون ما يؤمرون this verse again can not be used to claim shared perfection or infallibility with Allah. the same proof as used above, showing that Allah says things that are not absolutely totally and always true ( not meant to be taken "literally" and absolutely ) Quoted from above Argument 5: الذين يوفون بعهد الله و لا ينقضون الميثاق 1 - Those who fulfill the covenant of Allah and do not break the contract 13:20 .. this verse does not mean that "people of understanding" referred to in previous verse, never ever break any contract ever. كنتم خير أمة أخرجت للناس تأمرون بالمعروف و تنهون عن المنكر 2 - You are the best nation produced for mankind. You enjoin what is right and forbid what is wrong 3:110 .. again this verse talks about all muslims, and definitely despite the description here, the muslims don't enjoin what is right and forbid what is wrong each and every time, without fail. إن الله مع الذين اتقوا والذين هم محسنون 3 - For Allah is with those who restrain themselves, and those who do good. 16:128 .. does this mean that those whom Allah is with always restrain themselves and only ever do good? بلى من أسلم وجهه لله وهو محسن فله أجره عند ربه و لا خوف عليهم و لا هم يحزنون 4 - Nay,- whoever submits his whole face to Allah and is a doer of good (muhsinun),- He will get his reward with his Lord; on such shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve. 2:112 .. so does it mean that those will be rewarded who always do good without ever doing wrong ever? additionally, the Hoopoe of Solomon, who is neither Human nor Jinn, was also about to get punished for something that appeared to be a mistake, until proven it wasn't: A - و تفقد الطير فقال ما لي لا أرى الهدهد أم كان من الغائبين And he took attendance of the birds and said, "Why do I not see the hoopoe - or is he among the absent? 27:20 B - لأعذبنه عذابا شديدا أو لأذبحنه أو ليأتيني بسلطان مبين I will surely punish him with a severe punishment or slaughter him unless he brings me clear authorization." 27:21 All creatures other than humans and jinn are not capable of deliberately disobeying Allah, so in this way the Hoopoe and any non-jinns / human are the same. And angels such as Sayidna Gabriel, Michael and Israfil are among the highest ranking creatures of the non-jinn / non-humans. When Adam trusted Satan and approached the tree, he became aware of his shame. It's not that he had no shame before disobeying Allah, it's just that Allah made him unaware of it up to the point of first deliberate disobedience. So the result of approaching this tree was awareness of evil ( س و أ ), and hence also being able to deliberately chose it over following Gods command in full submission. Yet again Allah confirms that Adam disobeyed and erred: فأكلا منها فبدت لهما سوآتهما وطفقا يخصفان عليهما من ورق الجنة وعصى آدم ربه فغوى And Adam and his wife ate of it, and their mistake/shame became apparent to them, and they began to fasten over themselves from the leaves of Paradise. And Adam disobeyed his Lord and erred. 20:121 Furthermore, in case of those who are not aware of their own mistakes, Allah forgives them: C - إنما التوبة على الله للذين يعملون السوء بجهالة ثم يتوبون من قريب فأولئك يتوب الله عليهم وكان الله عليما حكيما The repentance accepted by Allah is for those who do wrong in ignorance and then repent soon after (thuma yetubun). It is those to whom Allah will turn in forgiveness, and Allah is ever Knowing and Wise. 4:17 D - ثم إن ربك للذين عملوا السوء بجهالة ثم تابوا من بعد ذلك و أصلحوا إن ربك من بعدها لغفور رحيم Then, indeed your Lord, to those who have done wrong out of ignorance (amalu su’an bijahalin thuma taabu) and then repent after that and correct themselves - indeed, your Lord, thereafter, is Forgiving and Merciful. 16:119 All creatures are dependent of Allah's mercy and forgiveness, and all creatures fear Allah. According to Quran Iblis and Jinn are angels: I know that most all schools of Islam contradict this based on some narrations, while forgetting that the clear verses of Quran should be believed first, especially when they are clear. وإذ قلنا للملائكة اسجدوا لآدم فسجدوا إلا إبليس أبى واستكبر وكان من الكافرين And when We said to the angels, "Prostrate before Adam"; so they prostrated, except for Iblees. He refused and was arrogant and became of the disbelievers. 2:34 وإذ قلنا للملائكة اسجدوا لآدم فسجدوا إلا إبليس كان من الجن ففسق عن أمر ربه And when We said to the angels, "Prostrate to Adam," and they prostrated, except for Iblees. He was of the jinn and departed from the command of his Lord. 18:50 the word "إلا" is clearly "except", and in without in clear reference to "للملائكة" .. or "to the angels" according to Islamic faith, we are to accept narrations that are in line with Quran, and not narrations that contradict the clear meanings of Quran. It is better to believe what's clearly written in the Quran, over what narrations we have contradicting the Quran. "The holy Prophet (s.a.), "Over every truth there is a reality and above every valid issue there is light. Whatever agrees with the holy Quran you must follow it and whatever does not agree disregard it." Usool al Kafi Volume 1 h 197 Hadith Showing fallibility of Angels: ـ الإمامُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) ـ في صِفَةِ المَلائكَةِ ـ: وإنَّهُم عَلى مَكانِهِم مِنكَ ، ومَنزِلَتِهِم عِندَكَ، واستِجماعِ أهوائهِم فيكَ ، وكَثرَةِ طاعَتِهِم لَكَ ، وقِلَّةِ غَفلَتِهِم عَن أمرِكَ ، لَو عايَنوا كُنهَ ما خَفِيَ عَلَيهِم مِنكَ لَحَقَّروا أعمالَهُم ، ولَزَرَوا عَلى أنفُسِهِم ، ولَعَرَفوا أ نَّهُم لَم يَعبُدوكَ حَقَّ عِبادَتِكَ ، ولَم يُطيعوكَ حَقَّ طاعَتِكَ . Imam Ali (as) said in his description of the angels, ‘They are in their own places [distinct] from You, [and yet] their positions are near You. Their desires are all concentrated on You, their worship for You is abundant, and their neglect of Your command is little. If they were to witness the essence of what is hidden about You from them, they would regard their deeds insignificant, they would reproach themselves and would realize that they have not worshipped You as You deserve to be worshipped, and have not obeyed You as You deserve to be obeyed.’[Nahj al-Balagha, Sermon 109] ... this hadith shows how obviously the angels are not sharing in Allah's infallibility either of course, and still have fallibility. Argument 16: if coming of Adam to the earth was a “punishment” because he disobeyed Allah, then he should have been returned to the paradise after Allah “forgave” him. Nobody has the right to judge what Allah should or should not do, and how He purifies and settles scores. And Adam is destined to return to Heaven anyway, just that he had to serve some time on lowly earth first. ألا إلى الله تصير الأمور Verily to Allah all Commands are destined to Him. 42:53 VI. Importance of this Study of avoiding illusion of partnership with Allah ▪ Setting up partners with Allah is the only thing Allah describes Himself as not forgiving in the Quran: A - إن الله لا يغفر أن يشرك به ويغفر ما دون ذلك لمن يشاء ومن يشرك بالله فقد ضل ضلالا بعيدا Indeed, Allah does not forgive association/partnering/shirq with Him, but He forgives what is less than that for whom He wills. And he who associates others with Allah has certainly gone far astray. 4:116 B - إن الله لا يغفر أن يشرك به ويغفر ما دون ذلك لمن يشاء ومن يشرك بالله فقد افترى إثما عظيما Indeed, Allah does not forgive association/partnering/shirq with Him, but He forgives what is less than that for whom He wills. And he who associates others with Allah has certainly fabricated a tremendous sin. 4:48 C - قالوا سبحانك لا علم لنا إلا ما علمتنا إنك أنت العليم الحكيم They said, "Exalted are You; we have no knowledge except what You have taught us. Indeed, it is You who is the Knowing, the Wise." 2:32 ـ الإمامُعليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) ـ فيوَصِيَّتِه لاِبنِهالحَسَنِ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) ـ: واعلَمْ يا بُنَيَّ أ نَّهُ لَو كانَ لِرَبِّكَ شَريكٌ لَأتَتكَ رُسُلُهُ ، ولَرَأيتَ آثارَ مُلكِهِ وسُلطانِهِ ، ولَعَرَفتَأفعالَهُ وصِفاتِهِ، ولكِنَّهُ إلهٌ واحِدٌ كَما وَصَفَ نَفسَهُ ، لا يُضادُّهُ في مُلكِهِ أحَدٌ ، ولا يَزولُ أبَداً. Imam Ali (as) said in his will to his son, al-Hasan (as), ‘And know my son that if your Lord were to have a partner, his messengers would surely have come to you, and you would have seen the signs of his dominion and his power, and you would know his acts and his attributes. He, however, is One God, just as He as described Himself. He is neither opposed by anyone in His kingdom, nor will He ever cease to be.’[Nahj al-Balagha, Letter 31] It can never be repeated enough that nobody can be compared with Allah nobody shares with Allah anything nobody can be likened to Allah Allah is infallible Nobody else can share in Allah's infallibility ـ الإمامُ الكاظمُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) ـ لَمّا سُئلَ عَن أدنَى المَعرِفةِ ـ: الإقرارُ بأ نَّهُ لا إلهَ غَيرُهُ ، ولا شِبهَ لَهُ ولا نَظيرَ وأ نَّهُ قَديمٌ ، مُثبَتٌ ، مَوجودٌ ، غَيرُ فَقيدٍ ، وأ نَّهُ لَيسَ كَمِثلِه شَيءٌ . Imam al-Kazim (as), when he was asked about the lowest degree of inner knowledge, replied, ‘It is to affirm that there is no god but He, and that He has no likeness or match, and that He is eternal, positively proven to exist, present and not absent, and that there is nothing like Him.’ [al-Kafi, v. 1, p. 86, no. 1] *********************************** بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ قُلْ هُوَ اللَّهُ أَحَدٌ Say Allah is one اللَّهُ الصَّمَدُ Allah is Absolute لَمْ يَلِدْ وَلَمْ يُولَدْ He doesn't give birth, nor is He born وَلَمْ يَكُن لَّهُ كُفُوًا أَحَدٌ Nor is there to Him any equivalent ************************************** may Allah forgive us all for our sins and shortcomings: jazak Allah Khair fi aman ilah walaikum Salaam
  21. salam Alaikum Bismillah, It is narrated from the Prophet (s): “Obtain three qualities from crows: sexual intercourse secretly, going after sustenance at the beginning of the morning and intelligence and alertness against probable dangers.” Ibid., vol. 20, pg. 133, no. 25227 2012: notice something wrong here too? http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fmJ0LD29XjQ 2013: As you can see the seagulls are getting ready for their meal here as well: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iFbQsgO8w5w interesting how people on this thread are only picking on the crows while there are sea gulls as well. is it because they are black? فبعث الله غرابا يبحث في الأرض ليريه كيف يواري سوءة أخيه قال يا ويلتا أعجزت أن أكون مثل هذا الغراب فأواري سوءة أخي فأصبح من النادمينSahih InternationalThen Allah sent a crow searching in the ground to show him how to hide the disgrace of his brother. He said, "O woe to me! Have I failed to be like this crow and hide the body of my brother?" And he became of the regretful. 5:31 the problem either lies in the doves that are frightened to death by the crowds or the wild which they are not trained for. the problem could also be with lack of blessing of the vatican / church .. and perhaps mistakes in rituals surrounding the doves. Allahu Aalam. let us not bash crows or sea gulls, not fear them, and not kill them unless we really have to. if we look at videos on youtube about crows we will find that they are the smartest birds on earth, and very cute as well .. check these two videos out for instance: crow playing with a cat: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G0wYaXYwP-w crow sledding (crow share with chimps the ability of using tools): http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3dWw9GLcOeA socially speaking crows mate for life and have complex family relations, and stay with their parents for about 5 years until they find their own mates. They protect each other ferociously and have high levels of loyalty. there are tons of amazing you tubes about crows who are misunderstood, and under appreciated. (Alfred Hitchcock is partially to blame with his film "the Birds") much like the highly useful wolves and bears in europe who have been slaughtered because they bothered farmers, they are extremely useful to the environment. in the dawn time i find the only ones awake are crows, and they also wake me up at times in a country where there is no adhan alhamdulilah. they are my brothers so don't kill them or slander them please! or try your best not to. each time we kill any creature we have to be ready to justify its terror of death experience in judgment day. The terror of death of an ant is identical to ours. the pain of being killed is also the same. jazak Allah Khair fi aman ilah
  22. And I will give them time. Indeed, My plan is firm. 68:45

  23. ^^ Walaikum Salaam giving khums to an imam is not for his personal possession, and giving sadaqa to the poor is not a payment, but a duty and form of self-purification. the one who benefits most is the giver. Verse of the day: (bismillah) (wasalam) awuthu bil lah al aleyh al atheem min al shaytaan alrajeem So leave Me with him who cries lies to this narration! We will soon draw them gradually from where they do not know, 68:44 sadaq Allah al Aley al Atheem fi aman ilah اللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وآلِ مُحَمَّدٍ وعَجِّلْ فَرَجَهُمْ وسَهِّلْ مَخْرَجَهُمْ والعَنْ أعْدَاءَهُم الأوّلينَ وَالآخِريْن إِلَى قِيَامِ يَوْمِ الدِّينْ (wasalam)
  24. ^^ just arrogant language with zero substance or evidence from Quran and accepted Hadiths that don't contradict Quran: again talking like iblis: "I am better than him." 7:12 ـ الإمامُ الباقرُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): سِلاحُ اللِّئامِ قَبيحُ الكلامِ. Imam al-Baqir (AS) said 'The weapon of the wicked is foul language.’ [Bihar al-Anwar, v. 78, p. 185, no. 14]
  25. Then leave Me Alone with such as belie this qur'an. We shall punish them gradually from directions they perceive not.  68:44

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