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In the Name of God بسم الله

elite

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  1. It is not possible to have the two authorities at the same time. The verse is informing about who will be the Vali after the messenger of Allah, wilayat of Imam Ali(عليه السلام) was the continuation of the wilayat after him. Wilayat of the messenger of Allah(صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) is mentioned as Whoever obeys the Messenger has indeed obeyed Allah; but those who turn away we have not sent you over them as a guardian.4:80
  2. Wasalam. Khalifa means vicegerent / representative One who is authorized to act on behalf of the other. e.g. وَكَانَ الْحَارِثُ، خَلِيفَةَ عُثْمَانَ عَلَى الطَّائِفِ Al-harith was the khalif of Uthman over the Ta’if. Sunan Abi Dawud. قَالَ اسْتَخْلَفَ مَرْوَانُ أَبَا هُرَيْرَةَ عَلَى الْمَدِينَةِ وَخَرَجَ إِلَى مَكَّةَ Marwan appointed Abu Huraira as his deputy in Medina and he himself left for Mecca. Sahih Muslim So Abu Huraira was Khalif of Marwan In Medina. Khilafat implies the meaning of authorization instead of election or selection. إِنِّي جَاعِلٌ فِي الْأَرْضِ خَلِيفَةً Indeed I will make in the Earth a vicegerent. 2:30 Adam was Khalif of Allah in the Earth. يَا دَاوُودُ إِنَّا جَعَلْنَاكَ خَلِيفَةً فِي الْأَرْضِ O Dawud we have made you a vicegerent in the Earth. 38:26 Now khilafat is of Allah that is confessed by the Umar. وَإِنَّ اللَّهَ لَمْ يَكُنْ لِيُضَيِّعَ دِينَهُ وَلاَ خِلاَفَتَهُ وَلاَ الَّذِي بَعَثَ بِهِ نَبِيَّهُ صلى الله عليه وسلم “And indeed Allah never destroy his religion nor his khilafat and that with which he raised his Prophet(صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) “. Sahih Muslim Book 4 hadith 1151. Now when the Prophet(صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) said there will be 12 khalifas after me that means they will be "khalif of Allah" because khilafat belongs to Allah only.
  3. Your Vali is Allah and his messenger and only those who possessed Iman, those who are keeping up the prayer and giving the zakat while they are in ruku. Verse 5:55 describes the qualities in plural but at the time of revelation eligible person was Imam Ali(عليه السلام) only.Because he was the only one performing the described actions when the verse 5:55 was revealed.
  4. wasalam. Some so called logical questions asked by the kafirs regarding the messenger and Qur'an. And those who have no knowledge say: "Why does Allah not speak to us or there come to us a sign?" Thus spoke those before them like their words. Their hearts resemble each other. We have shown clearly the signs to a people who are certain. 2:118 And they say, "Why was there not sent down to him an angel?" But if We had sent down an angel, the matter would have been decided; then they would not be reprieved. 6:8 And they say, "Why has a sign not been sent down to him from his Lord?" Say, "Indeed, Allah is Able to send down a sign, but most of them do not know." 6:37 And they say, "What is this messenger that eats food and walks in the markets? Why was there not sent down to him an angel so he would be with him a warner? 25:7 And they said, "Why was this Qur'an not sent down upon a great man from [one of] the two cities?" 43:31 Then why have there not been placed upon him bracelets of gold or come with him the angels in conjunction?" 43:53 Then, it may be that you will give up part of what is revealed to you and your breast will become straitened by it because they say: "Why has there not been sent down to him a treasure or come with him an angel?" But you are only a warner. And Allah is Disposer of all things. 11:12 Imamat is from Allah. Messenger of Allah(صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) informed about 12 Imams after him. He cannot be questioned for what He does, but they will be questioned. 21:23
  5. wasalam الر ۚ كِتَابٌ أُحْكِمَتْ آيَاتُهُ ثُمَّ فُصِّلَتْ مِنْ لَدُنْ حَكِيمٍ خَبِيرٍ Alif lam Ra a book whose verses are made decisive then explained in detail from the wise, All aware 11:1 So the Muhkam verses also needs to be explained in detail. There is a hadith in Sahih Muslim narrated by Jabir b Abdullah regarding the last Haj performed by the Prophet(صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم). وَرَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم بَيْنَ أَظْهُرِنَا وَعَلَيْهِ يَنْزِلُ الْقُرْآنُ وَهُوَ يَعْرِفُ تَأْوِيلَهُ وَمَا عَمِلَ بِهِ مِنْ شَىْءٍ عَمِلْنَا بِهِ “And the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) was prominent among us and the (revelation) of the Holy Qur'an was descending upon him. And it is he who knows its interpretation. And whatever he did, we also did that.” Sahih Muslim Book 7, Hadith 2803 Now as for the mutashabih verses that are those which looks similar. For example 2:36 وَقُلْنَا اهْبِطُوا بَعْضُكُمْ لِبَعْضٍ عَدُوٌّ وَلَكُمْ فِي الأَرْضِ مُسْتَقَرٌّ وَمَتَاعٌ إِلَى حِينٍ 7:24 قَالَ اهْبِطُوا بَعْضُكُمْ لِبَعْضٍ عَدُوٌّ وَلَكُمْ فِي الأَرْضِ مُسْتَقَرٌّ وَمَتَاعٌ إِلَى حِينٍ 2:49 وَإِذْ نَجَّيْنَاكُمْ مِنْ آلِ فِرْعَوْنَ يَسُومُونَكُمْ سُوءَ الْعَذَابِ يُذَبِّحُونَ أَبْنَاءَكُمْ وَيَسْتَحْيُونَ نِسَاءَكُمْ وَفِي ذَلِكُمْ بَلاءٌ مِنْ رَبِّكُمْ عَظِيمٌ 7:141 وَإِذْ أَنْجَيْنَاكُمْ مِنْ آلِ فِرْعَوْنَ يَسُومُونَكُمْ سُوءَ الْعَذَابِ يُقَتِّلُونَ أَبْنَاءَكُمْ وَيَسْتَحْيُونَ نِسَاءَكُمْ وَفِي ذَلِكُمْ بَلاءٌ مِنْ رَبِّكُمْ عَظِيمٌ For the People of Salih(عليه السلام) 7:78 فَأَخَذَتْهُمُ الرَّجْفَةُ فَأَصْبَحُوا فِي دَارِهِمْ جَاثِمِينَ 11:67 وَأَخَذَ الَّذِينَ ظَلَمُوا الصَّيْحَةُ فَأَصْبَحُوا فِي دِيَارِهِمْ جَاثِمِينَ
  6. What is recorded in the history over the disagreement between Imam Hasan(عليه السلام) & Imam Hussain (عليه السلام) regarding peace treaty with Muawiya is contradicted by the following authentic hadith. Several of our companions from Ahmad b. Muhammad b. `Isa from ibn Abi `Umayr from al-Husayn b. Abi al-`Alaa’. He said: I said to Abu `Abdillah عليه السلام: Can the Earth remain without an Imam therein? He said: No. I said: Can there be two Imams? He said: No, unless one of them were silent. (al-Kafi, Volume 1, hadith 442) (Hasan) (حسن) Narrated to us Muhammad bin Ibrahim bin Ishaq ((رضي الله عنه).): Informed us Ahmad bin Muhammad Hamadani: Narrated to us Ali bin Hasan bin Ali bin Faddal from his father from Hisham bin Saalim that: I asked As-Sadiq Ja’far bin Muhammad ((عليه السلام).): “Who is superior, Hasan(عليه السلام) or Hussain(عليه السلام)? He replied: Hasan is superior to Hussain. I said: Then how come the Imamate has come in the generations of Hussain after him? And not in the generations of Hasan? The Imam said: Allah, the Mighty and Sublime wanted to effect the Sunnah of Musa and Harun in Hasan and Hussain ((عليه السلام).). Have you not seen that they shared prophethood like Hasan and Hussain shared Imamate and Allah, the Mighty and Sublime placed prophethood in the progeny of Harun and not in the progeny of Musa, even though Musa was superior to Harun ((عليه السلام).)? I said: Would there be two Imams at the same time? He replied: No, except that one of them may be silent and under the command of the other. And the other will be the speaking Imam for his counterpart. But as to whether there can be two speaking Imams at the same time? No. I said: Would Imamate be inherited between two brothers after Hasan and Hussain ((عليه السلام).)? He said: No, it will continue in the progeny of Hussain ((عليه السلام).) like Allah, the Mighty and Sublime has said: And he made it a word to continue in his posterity. Thus Imamate will continue in his progeny generation after generation till the Judgment Day.” Source: KamaaludDin by Sheikh Sadooq,Vol 1,Ch 40,H 9
  7. According to Qur'an Ale Ibrahim(عليه السلام) was chosen Allah chose Adam and Nuh and Ale Ibrahim and Ale Imran over the all people.3:33 Yousha bin noon was from the Ale Ibrahim(عليه السلام) and after him he appointed son of Harun(عليه السلام) who was also from the Ale Ibrahim(عليه السلام).
  8. Then complete the fast till the night.2:187 There are different stages of the night mentioned in Qur'an وَاللَّيْلِ إِذَا يَغْشَاهَا - By the night when it conceals it (the sun). 91:4 so the night begins with the disappearance of the disc of the sun وَاللَّيْلِ إِذَا عَسْعَسَ -By the night when it arrives. 81:17 above verse mentions the arrival of the darkness of the night from the east وَاللَّيْلِ إِذَا يَغْشَىٰ - By the night when it covers. 92:1 When the darkness of the night covers everything on the Earth. وَاللَّيْلِ إِذَا سَجَىٰ -By the night when it becomes still .93:2 When the darkness of the night become constant. at the end وَاللَّيْلِ إِذْ أَدْبَرَ-And the night when it departs. 74:33
  9. context of the hadith is comparison of the position of Harun(عليه السلام) to Musa(عليه السلام) and Imam Ali(عليه السلام) to Prophet(صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم). Position of Harun(عليه السلام) to Musa(عليه السلام) was as an assistant & Khalifa. Harun(عليه السلام) worked as Khalifa during the life of Musa(عليه السلام) where as Imam Ali was not during the life of the Prophet(صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم). By the hadith, only position which remains to be compared is the position as an assistant. There is no parallel that can be compared between staying behind of of Harun(عليه السلام) and staying behind of Imam Ali(عليه السلام). Harun(عليه السلام) was ordered by Musa(عليه السلام) to stay behind as a khalifa with his people and only Musa left where as only Imam Ali(عليه السلام) was ordered to stay behind with children and women and Prophet(صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) left with most of his companions.
  10. Harun(عليه السلام) assisted Musa(عليه السلام) since the Musa(عليه السلام) was ordered to go Firaun till his death. Khilaft of Harun(عليه السلام) was just one affair out of the total life of Harun(عليه السلام) Messenger of Allah(عليه السلام) comparing the position of Harun(عليه السلام) to Musa(عليه السلام) is not limited to the event of Tabuk. Imam Ali(عليه السلام) assisted the Prophet(صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) since the beginning of his mission. You are to me in the position that Harun was to Musa except that there is no Prophet after me. When Allah ordered Musa to go the Pharaoh He(عليه السلام) prayed to the lord for an assistant. Go to the Firaun. Indeed he has transgressed. He said my lord expand for me my breast and ease for me my task and untie(the) knot from my tongue that they may understand my speech and appoint for me an assistant from my family Harun my brother. Increase through him my strength and make him share my task. 20:24-32. And We had certainly given Musa the scripture and appointed with him his brother Harun as an assistant. 25:35 Qur'an compares sending of the Muhammad(صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) to the sending of Musa(عليه السلام) to Firaun. Indeed, We have sent to you a Messenger as a witness upon you same as We sent to Firaun a messenger.73:15 Then We sent Musa and his brother Harun with our signs and a clear authority. (23:45) To Firaun and his establishment, but they were arrogant and were a haughty people.(23:46). Imam Ali(عليه السلام) assisted the Prophet(صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) since the beginning of his mission till the death of the Prophet(صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم).The only occasion was of Tabuk where he(عليه السلام) was ordered by the Prophet(صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) to stay in the Madinah. So according to hadith e Manzilah Imam Ali(عليه السلام) was the assistant and partner in the affair of the messenger of Allah(صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) through out his life.you can not limit the hadith to the event of Tabuk only.
  11. لا أقبل عمل عامل منهم إلا بالاقرار بولايته مع نبوة أحمد رسولي I will never accept the deed of the doer from them except acknowledgement of the wilayat with nabuwwat (of) Ahmad my messenger. Al-Amali Sheikh Sadooq, pg 291. “Iqrar” in the Arabic means “ to acknowledge, to accept, to agree, to affirm etc. It does not mean “to testify” Alhamdulillah we have acknowledged the wilayat of Imam Ali(عليه السلام) & other Aimma(عليه السلام) and we are upon that. I have already quoted the hadith that “ wilayat” is superior than salat, zakat, sawm & Hajj, and it is key for them & wilayat is obedience of the Imam after his Marifat I present two verses of the Qur'an to clarify the difference between the two words. أئنكم لتشهدون أن مع الله آلهة أخرى قل لا أشهد Do you testify that with Allah there are other deities?" Say, "I will not testify ." 6:19 قال أأقررتم …He said do you agree……3:81 so hadith you quoted has nothing to do with the third testimony in tashahud.
  12. Dua means supplication, call, invitation, to invoke etc.... it's meaning is not limited to supplication only. Dua means "to call" have you not gone through the words of the hadith I quoted. I simplify the word for you further. this is the word from the call by which servant pronounce(call) to his lord.
  13. Yusha bin Noon bin ifraim bin Yusuf bin yaqub bin Ishaq bin Ibrahim. Al- Kamil fi al-Tairkh Ibn athir vol 1 pg 200 Yusha Bin Noon(عليه السلام) was from the progeny of Yusuf Bin Yaqub(عليه السلام). Tarikh al -Yaqubi vol 1 pg 46 Abi Abdullah (عليه السلام) said Musa alayhi salam. appointed Yusha Ibn Noon(عليه السلام) and Yusha Bin Noon(عليه السلام) appointed Son of Harun(عليه السلام) He neither appointed his son nor he appointed son of Musa(عليه السلام). Indeed Allah has right of choice he chooses whom he wish from who he wish…… Al kafi vol 1 pg 293 hadith no 3. Wasi of the Musa(عليه السلام) was Yusha Bin Noon that is the young man Allah mighty and majestic mentioned in his book. Al kafi vol 8 pg 117. ( above sentence from the long hadith referring to 18:60) Safra’a bint Shuiab wife of Musa(عليه السلام) fought with Yusha bin Noon and she was defeated.
  14. Whatever is recited besides shahadtayan is dua is not my own logic. it is from the hadith I quoted before and I repeat it again What is narrated (by) Ahmad b.Muhammad from Ali b al-Hakam from Abi Ayyub al-Khujaj from Muhammad b. Muslim.he said asked to Abi Abdullah(عليه السلام) regarding Tashhud in the salat, he(عليه السلام) said twice,and I asked how is it twice? He (عليه السلام) said when you sit down properly then say “Ash hadu alla ilaha illa Allah wa ash hadu anna Muhammadan abduhu wa rasuluhu “then you complete then I said word of the servant (al-tahiyat lillah, and al-salwat al- tayyibat lillah) he(عليه السلام) said this is word from Dua by which a servant pronounce(to) his lord. Tehzibul ahkam vol 2 pg 101 hadith no:379 . now you have quoted one hadith from Fiqh al-Ridha(عليه السلام) which says that when you recite the tashahud in the second (raka'at) say فقل بسم الله وبالله والحمد لله والأسماء الحسنى كلها لله اشهد أن لا إله إلا الله وحده لا شريك له واشهد ان محمدا عبده ورسوله أرسله بالحق بشيرا ونذيرا بين يدي الساعة after mentioning the first tashahud hadith further states that Don't increase over that (anything). That means first tashahud is complete, now when you complete the fourth raka'at say in its tashahud بسم الله وبالله و الحمد لله والأسماء الحسنى كلها لله اشهد أن لا إله إلا الله وحده لا شريك له واشهد ان محمدا عبده ورسوله أرسله بالحق بشيرا ونذيرا بين يدي الساعة التحيات لله والصلوات الطيبات الزاكيات الغاديات الرائحات التامات الناعمات المباركات الصالحات لله ما طاب وزكى وطهر ونمى وخلص وما خبث فلغير الله اشهد انك نعم الرب وأن محمدا نعم الرسول وان علي بن أبي طالب نعم المولى (الولي - ك) وان الجنة حق والنار حق والموت حق والبعث حق وان الساعة آتية لا ريب فيها وان الله يبعث من في القبور (و خ) الحمد لله الذي هدانا لهذا وما كنا لنهتدي لولا أن هدانا الله. اللهم صل على محمد وآل محمد وبارك على محمد وآل محمد وارحم على محمد (وارحم محمدا - ك) وآل محمد أفضل ما صليت وباركت وترحمت وسلمت على إبراهيم وآل إبراهيم في العالمين انك حميد مجيد اللهم صل على محمد المصطفى وعلى المرتضى وفاطمة الزهراء والحسن والحسين وعلى الأئمة الراشدين من آل طه ويس. what is red marked is dua in the light of hadith I quoted from Tahdhib and is recited in the 2nd Tashahud as per the hadith of fiqh al-Ridha(عليه السلام). what you have quoted from Misbah is also tashahud of the fourth rakat.
  15. From him from Abi Muhammad al-hajal from Ali from Ubaid from Yakub ibn Shoaib from Abi Abdullah (عليه السلام). he (عليه السلام) said Tashhud in the book of Ali(عليه السلام) was double. Tahdhib al -Ahkam vol 2 pg 102 hadith no:380 Muhammad bin Yahya from Ahmad bin Muhammad from Ali bin Nu’man from Dawud bin Farqad from Yaqub bin Shuayb who said: I said to Abi Abdillah(as): do I say in the Tashahud – “whatever is pure, it is for (or from) Him (Allah), and whatever is impure, it is for (from) other than Him”?, so He said: this is what Ali (عليه السلام) used to say (in the Tashahud). Al Kafi vol 3 pg 337, Hadith no:4 (Sahih) What is narrated (by) Ahmad b.Muhammad from Ali b al-Hakam from Abi Ayyub al-Khujaj from Muhammad b. Muslim.he said asked to Abi Abdullah(عليه السلام) regarding Tashhud in the salat, he(عليه السلام) said twice,and I asked how is it twice? He (عليه السلام) said when you sit down properly then say “Ash hadu alla ilaha illa Allah wa ash hadu anna Muhammadan abduhu wa rasuluhu “then you complete then I said word of the servant (al-tahiyat lillah, and al-salwat al- tayyibat lillah) he(عليه السلام) said this is word from Dua by which a servant pronounce(to) his lord. Tahdhib al-Ahkam vol 2 pg 101 hadith no:379 Muhammad bin Yahya from Ahmad bin Muhammad from Husayn bin Said from Fadhala bin Ayub from Husayn bin Uthman from Ibn Muskan from al-Halabiy who said: Abu Abdillah عليه السلام said to me: whatever you recite intending with it remembrance of Allah and the Prophet (in the prayer) – then it is a part of your prayer (I.e. you are still in the prayer), and once (the moment) you say – ‘Assalamu Alayna Wa Ala Ibadillahi as-Saliheen’ (peace be upon us and upon the righteous servants of Allah) then you have left (the prayer I.e. completed it). Al kafi vol 3, hadith no:6 (Sahih) Muhammad bin Yahya from Ahmad bin Muhammad from Husayn bin Said from Fadhala bin Ayub from Aban (bin Uthman) from Ismail bin Fadhl who said : I asked Aba Abdillah ((عليه السلام)) on the ‘qunuut’ and what is to be recited in it, so He ((عليه السلام)) said : Whatever Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى) decides for your tongue (enables you to recite) and I do not know anything fixed/specified for it. Al kafi vol 3,pg 340 Hadith no:8 (muwathaq) I asked Abi Jafar(عليه السلام) what should I recite in tashahud and qunoot ? He(عليه السلام) said best is (to recite) what you know if it would have been specified people would have perished. So from the above ahadith it is clear that Tashahud is shahadtan (two testimonies) which is compulsory whatever is recited besides “shahadatan” is Dua, and that dua part is not fixed/specified in theTashahud and dua is not specified in qunoot. What is quoted by you from the Misabah al-Mutahajid and Fiqh al-Ridha(عليه السلام) is words from the Dua after shahadtan( two testimonies). More ever in the fiqh al-Ridha(عليه السلام) in the tashahud of second rakat it is written that 3312 (9) فقه الرضا عليه السلام 8 - فإذا تشهدت في الثانية فقل بسم الله وبالله والحمد لله والأسماء الحسنى كلها لله اشهد أن لا إله إلا الله وحده لا شريك له واشهد ان محمدا عبده ورسوله أرسله بالحق بشيرا ونذيرا بين يدي الساعة ولا تزيد على ذلك don't increase over that.
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