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In the Name of God بسم الله


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  1. Statement of Isa(عليه السلام) is recorded in the Qur'an. and peace is on me the day I was born and the day I shall die (amutu) and the day I shall be raised alive.19:33 such is Isa son of Mariyam; the statement of truth concerning which they doubt. 19:34 still people doubts the statement of Isa (عليه السلام) and try to prove that he was dead with the conjecture of “Nasut” and “Lahut” where Qur'an clearly states that “Rather, Allah raised him to himself and Allah is Mighty,wise. “ 4:158 that means Isa(عليه السلام) is still alive. Words in Qur'an Mutawaffika 3:55 , Tawaffaytani 5:117 have the root of w-f-y which means to treat fully, to complete, to fulfill, to receive full above word is used at the time of death because it completes the term determined for a man Now when Isa(عليه السلام) is alive we can not interpret the above word as completion of determined term for (Isa) But it can be interpreted as completion of the prophethood of Isa(عليه السلام). Indeed I will complete your term (as a Prophet), and raise you to myself and purify you of those who disbelieve. 3:55 And I was witness of them as long as I was among them but when you completed my term (as a Prophet) you were watcher over them. Our Prophet(صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) was the last Prophet and prophethood of Isa(عليه السلام) was terminated along with his ascension so his comeback will be as a non-Prophet.
  2. And they did not kill him and they did not crucify him but (whom they killed and crucified) was made looked similar (to Isa) for them. And indeed those differ in it in are in the doubt from it. They have no knowledge except they follow the assumption.They did not kill him certainly. 4:157 Shubbiha (passive perfect verb) : made to look similar, made to resemble.
  3. Maddal Ard Madad: He drew it;pulled it;strained it; extended it by drawing or pulling; stretched it. http://lexicon.quranic-research.net/data/24_m/040_md.html Mountain: landform that rises prominently above its surroundings. Very rarely do mountains occur individually.In most cases they are found in elongated ranges or chains. When an array of such ranges is linked together it constitutes a mountain belt. A mountain belt is many tens to hundreds of kilometers wide and hundreds to thousands of kilometers long. Rivers: Most rivers begin life as a tiny stream running down mountain slope. They are fed by melting snow and ice, or rainwater running off the land. The water follows crack and folds in the land as it flows downhill. All the following verses in the Qur'an describe how the mountains were established and rivers were formed over the land in the Earth. All verses below indicate the relationship between the ‘Maddal Ard” and setting up of the mountains It is he who stretched out the land and placed in it firm mountains and rivers.. 13:3 And the land we stretched out it and cast in it firm mountains… 15:19 And the land, We stretched it out and cast in it firm mountains and We have made to grow therein of all beautiful kinds 50:7 So the mountains were placed in a stretched out land. What I understood from the above verses is that Initially total land spread over the Earth was having the plain surface.Then gaps were formed by stretching out of the land from two sides of the size of the length and width of the mountain belts and in those gaps mountains were set from the top. And he placed in it (Earth) mountains from above it. 41:10 When the excitement of water subsided under the Earth's sides and under the weight of the high and lofty mountains placed on its shoulders, Allah flowed springs of water from its high tops and distributed them through plains and low places and moderated their movement by fixed rocks and high mountain tops. Then its trembling came to a standstill because of the penetration of mountains in (various) parts of its surface and their being fixed in its deep areas, and their standing on its plains. Sermon 91, Nahjul Balagha.
  4. “Farsh” basically conveys the meaning of plain surface weather it is carpet, bed, table cloth or land Bisata: expanded and even ,and wide or spacious And Allah has made for you the land expanse so that you can pass through it the wide roads (71:19-20) In the above verse Nuh(عليه السلام) was talking to his people and reminding them the bounties of Allah on them. So Nuh(عليه السلام) was saying to his people that the land is so vast that you can make the wide roads through it . Like the following verse Was not the land of Allah spacious for you to emigrate there in? 4:97
  5. Word al-ard can mean the land or the Earth Farsh : A wide, or,spacious, plain, or tract of land, or place http://lexicon.quranic-research.net/data/20_f/082_frX.html In geography, a plain is a flat, sweeping landmass that generally does not change much in elevation. Plains occur as lowlands along valleys or on the doorsteps of mountains, as coastal plains, and as plateaus or uplands. Plains are one of the major landforms on Earth, where they are present on all continents, and would cover more than one-third of the world's land area. Plains in many areas are important for agriculture because where the soils were deposited as sediments they may be deep and fertile, and the flatness facilitates crop production; they support grasslands which provide good grazing for livestock. What I think is Qur'an talks about the plain Land on the Earth. And the land we have made it plain. 51:48 He who made the land plain for you 2:22 Mahad: plain, even, or smooth http://lexicon.quranic-research.net/data/24_m/183_mhd.html Have We not made the land plain? 78:6 Who made the land plain for you and made for you therein paths and sent down water from the cloud; then thereby We have brought forth many species of various herbs.20:53 He Who made the land plain for you, and made in it ways for you that you may go aright; 43:10 If we take al-ard as Earth in the above verses then it contains mountains and oceans which can not be compared with bed or carpet. But plain land is like a bad or carpet. So the word “Farash” & “Mahad” have nothing to do with the shape of the Earth.
  6. Light is a form of electromagnetic radiation. (visible +invisible) Sunlight is composed of Visible Light: It is the only part of the light detectable by the human eye. Its wavelength ranges from 400 to 760 nm. Ultraviolet light : Ultraviolet light is invisible to the human eye. UV light has shorter wavelength than visible light. Its wavelength ranges between 280 nm and 400 nm Infrared Light: Infrared rays have longer wavelength, ranging between 760 and 1,000 nm, and just as the UV rays, they are invisible to the human eye but that we can feel as heat. Example of objects emit IR radiation are the sun and fire electromagnetic radiation includes gamma-rays, X-rays, ultraviolet radiation, visible light, infrared radiation, microwaves and radio waves. Together, these types of radiation make up the electromagnetic spectrum. Qur'an uses the word “Dhiya” and its forms for light of Sun, fire, Lightning which emits the radiation in the following verses. It is He who made the sun radiant (Dhiyaan). (10:5) The lightning almost takes away their sight Every time it brightens(Adha’a) for them they walk in it (2:20) Their example is that of one who kindled a fire, but when it illuminated (Adha’at) what was around him, Allah took away their light(Nur) and left them in darkness [so] they could not see. (2:17) Dhiya means visible & invisible radiation both, where as Noor means only visible portion of the radiation Here out of the the complete radiation emitted by the fire Allah took away only visible portion from entering in to their eyes (nur).
  7. Luminous Objects : Object which emit light of their own. Eg: Sun, Bulb, Candle, Fire Illuminated objects: are objects that are capable of reflecting light to our eyes Eg: Moon. The Moon is an illuminated object.Illuminated objects reflect the light thus appear to produce the light Qamran Munira : Moon Illuminated. (25:61) The Moon is illuminated by the sunlight and it reflects the sunlight and appear to us in the night as a bright object. The moon is described in the Qur'an as “Munir” & ‘Nur” Nur is opposite of Darkness. Nur can only be understood with respect to the darkness. And made the darkness and the Nur (6:1) Not equal are the blind and seer nor the darkness and the Nur. (35:19-20). In the verse 25:61 Qur'an describes the moon as an illuminated object that means it does not generate its own light. Al Qamara Nura: and made the the Moon (appear) Bright (in the darkness of the night). (10:5).
  8. It is not possible to have the two authorities at the same time. The verse is informing about who will be the Vali after the messenger of Allah, wilayat of Imam Ali(عليه السلام) was the continuation of the wilayat after him. Wilayat of the messenger of Allah(صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) is mentioned as Whoever obeys the Messenger has indeed obeyed Allah; but those who turn away we have not sent you over them as a guardian.4:80
  9. Wasalam. Khalifa means vicegerent / representative One who is authorized to act on behalf of the other. e.g. وَكَانَ الْحَارِثُ، خَلِيفَةَ عُثْمَانَ عَلَى الطَّائِفِ Al-harith was the khalif of Uthman over the Ta’if. Sunan Abi Dawud. قَالَ اسْتَخْلَفَ مَرْوَانُ أَبَا هُرَيْرَةَ عَلَى الْمَدِينَةِ وَخَرَجَ إِلَى مَكَّةَ Marwan appointed Abu Huraira as his deputy in Medina and he himself left for Mecca. Sahih Muslim So Abu Huraira was Khalif of Marwan In Medina. Khilafat implies the meaning of authorization instead of election or selection. إِنِّي جَاعِلٌ فِي الْأَرْضِ خَلِيفَةً Indeed I will make in the Earth a vicegerent. 2:30 Adam was Khalif of Allah in the Earth. يَا دَاوُودُ إِنَّا جَعَلْنَاكَ خَلِيفَةً فِي الْأَرْضِ O Dawud we have made you a vicegerent in the Earth. 38:26 Now khilafat is of Allah that is confessed by the Umar. وَإِنَّ اللَّهَ لَمْ يَكُنْ لِيُضَيِّعَ دِينَهُ وَلاَ خِلاَفَتَهُ وَلاَ الَّذِي بَعَثَ بِهِ نَبِيَّهُ صلى الله عليه وسلم “And indeed Allah never destroy his religion nor his khilafat and that with which he raised his Prophet(صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) “. Sahih Muslim Book 4 hadith 1151. Now when the Prophet(صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) said there will be 12 khalifas after me that means they will be "khalif of Allah" because khilafat belongs to Allah only.
  10. Your Vali is Allah and his messenger and only those who possessed Iman, those who are keeping up the prayer and giving the zakat while they are in ruku. Verse 5:55 describes the qualities in plural but at the time of revelation eligible person was Imam Ali(عليه السلام) only.Because he was the only one performing the described actions when the verse 5:55 was revealed.
  11. wasalam. Some so called logical questions asked by the kafirs regarding the messenger and Qur'an. And those who have no knowledge say: "Why does Allah not speak to us or there come to us a sign?" Thus spoke those before them like their words. Their hearts resemble each other. We have shown clearly the signs to a people who are certain. 2:118 And they say, "Why was there not sent down to him an angel?" But if We had sent down an angel, the matter would have been decided; then they would not be reprieved. 6:8 And they say, "Why has a sign not been sent down to him from his Lord?" Say, "Indeed, Allah is Able to send down a sign, but most of them do not know." 6:37 And they say, "What is this messenger that eats food and walks in the markets? Why was there not sent down to him an angel so he would be with him a warner? 25:7 And they said, "Why was this Qur'an not sent down upon a great man from [one of] the two cities?" 43:31 Then why have there not been placed upon him bracelets of gold or come with him the angels in conjunction?" 43:53 Then, it may be that you will give up part of what is revealed to you and your breast will become straitened by it because they say: "Why has there not been sent down to him a treasure or come with him an angel?" But you are only a warner. And Allah is Disposer of all things. 11:12 Imamat is from Allah. Messenger of Allah(صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) informed about 12 Imams after him. He cannot be questioned for what He does, but they will be questioned. 21:23
  12. wasalam الر ۚ كِتَابٌ أُحْكِمَتْ آيَاتُهُ ثُمَّ فُصِّلَتْ مِنْ لَدُنْ حَكِيمٍ خَبِيرٍ Alif lam Ra a book whose verses are made decisive then explained in detail from the wise, All aware 11:1 So the Muhkam verses also needs to be explained in detail. There is a hadith in Sahih Muslim narrated by Jabir b Abdullah regarding the last Haj performed by the Prophet(صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم). وَرَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم بَيْنَ أَظْهُرِنَا وَعَلَيْهِ يَنْزِلُ الْقُرْآنُ وَهُوَ يَعْرِفُ تَأْوِيلَهُ وَمَا عَمِلَ بِهِ مِنْ شَىْءٍ عَمِلْنَا بِهِ “And the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) was prominent among us and the (revelation) of the Holy Qur'an was descending upon him. And it is he who knows its interpretation. And whatever he did, we also did that.” Sahih Muslim Book 7, Hadith 2803 Now as for the mutashabih verses that are those which looks similar. For example 2:36 وَقُلْنَا اهْبِطُوا بَعْضُكُمْ لِبَعْضٍ عَدُوٌّ وَلَكُمْ فِي الأَرْضِ مُسْتَقَرٌّ وَمَتَاعٌ إِلَى حِينٍ 7:24 قَالَ اهْبِطُوا بَعْضُكُمْ لِبَعْضٍ عَدُوٌّ وَلَكُمْ فِي الأَرْضِ مُسْتَقَرٌّ وَمَتَاعٌ إِلَى حِينٍ 2:49 وَإِذْ نَجَّيْنَاكُمْ مِنْ آلِ فِرْعَوْنَ يَسُومُونَكُمْ سُوءَ الْعَذَابِ يُذَبِّحُونَ أَبْنَاءَكُمْ وَيَسْتَحْيُونَ نِسَاءَكُمْ وَفِي ذَلِكُمْ بَلاءٌ مِنْ رَبِّكُمْ عَظِيمٌ 7:141 وَإِذْ أَنْجَيْنَاكُمْ مِنْ آلِ فِرْعَوْنَ يَسُومُونَكُمْ سُوءَ الْعَذَابِ يُقَتِّلُونَ أَبْنَاءَكُمْ وَيَسْتَحْيُونَ نِسَاءَكُمْ وَفِي ذَلِكُمْ بَلاءٌ مِنْ رَبِّكُمْ عَظِيمٌ For the People of Salih(عليه السلام) 7:78 فَأَخَذَتْهُمُ الرَّجْفَةُ فَأَصْبَحُوا فِي دَارِهِمْ جَاثِمِينَ 11:67 وَأَخَذَ الَّذِينَ ظَلَمُوا الصَّيْحَةُ فَأَصْبَحُوا فِي دِيَارِهِمْ جَاثِمِينَ
  13. What is recorded in the history over the disagreement between Imam Hasan(عليه السلام) & Imam Hussain (عليه السلام) regarding peace treaty with Muawiya is contradicted by the following authentic hadith. Several of our companions from Ahmad b. Muhammad b. `Isa from ibn Abi `Umayr from al-Husayn b. Abi al-`Alaa’. He said: I said to Abu `Abdillah عليه السلام: Can the Earth remain without an Imam therein? He said: No. I said: Can there be two Imams? He said: No, unless one of them were silent. (al-Kafi, Volume 1, hadith 442) (Hasan) (حسن) Narrated to us Muhammad bin Ibrahim bin Ishaq ((رضي الله عنه).): Informed us Ahmad bin Muhammad Hamadani: Narrated to us Ali bin Hasan bin Ali bin Faddal from his father from Hisham bin Saalim that: I asked As-Sadiq Ja’far bin Muhammad ((عليه السلام).): “Who is superior, Hasan(عليه السلام) or Hussain(عليه السلام)? He replied: Hasan is superior to Hussain. I said: Then how come the Imamate has come in the generations of Hussain after him? And not in the generations of Hasan? The Imam said: Allah, the Mighty and Sublime wanted to effect the Sunnah of Musa and Harun in Hasan and Hussain ((عليه السلام).). Have you not seen that they shared prophethood like Hasan and Hussain shared Imamate and Allah, the Mighty and Sublime placed prophethood in the progeny of Harun and not in the progeny of Musa, even though Musa was superior to Harun ((عليه السلام).)? I said: Would there be two Imams at the same time? He replied: No, except that one of them may be silent and under the command of the other. And the other will be the speaking Imam for his counterpart. But as to whether there can be two speaking Imams at the same time? No. I said: Would Imamate be inherited between two brothers after Hasan and Hussain ((عليه السلام).)? He said: No, it will continue in the progeny of Hussain ((عليه السلام).) like Allah, the Mighty and Sublime has said: And he made it a word to continue in his posterity. Thus Imamate will continue in his progeny generation after generation till the Judgment Day.” Source: KamaaludDin by Sheikh Sadooq,Vol 1,Ch 40,H 9
  14. According to Qur'an Ale Ibrahim(عليه السلام) was chosen Allah chose Adam and Nuh and Ale Ibrahim and Ale Imran over the all people.3:33 Yousha bin noon was from the Ale Ibrahim(عليه السلام) and after him he appointed son of Harun(عليه السلام) who was also from the Ale Ibrahim(عليه السلام).
  15. Then complete the fast till the night.2:187 There are different stages of the night mentioned in Qur'an وَاللَّيْلِ إِذَا يَغْشَاهَا - By the night when it conceals it (the sun). 91:4 so the night begins with the disappearance of the disc of the sun وَاللَّيْلِ إِذَا عَسْعَسَ -By the night when it arrives. 81:17 above verse mentions the arrival of the darkness of the night from the east وَاللَّيْلِ إِذَا يَغْشَىٰ - By the night when it covers. 92:1 When the darkness of the night covers everything on the Earth. وَاللَّيْلِ إِذَا سَجَىٰ -By the night when it becomes still .93:2 When the darkness of the night become constant. at the end وَاللَّيْلِ إِذْ أَدْبَرَ-And the night when it departs. 74:33
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