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In the Name of God بسم الله

yam_110

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  1. To understand the reasons for Shias not holding Aisha in high regard; one must understand what Quran, narrations and history tells us. It would be quite clear to the reader that the only reason for it would be the actions of Aisha herself and no one else. This answer might not appease everyone but the sole intention of this post is to highlight the facts from Quran and Sunni books. 1. Plotting against the Holy Prophet ((صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم)) Quranic verses 66:1 – 66:5 Sahih Bukhari Volume 6, Book 60, Number 436: Narrated Ibn Abbas: I intended to ask ‘Umar so I said, “Who were those two ladies who tried to back each other against the Prophet?” I hardly finished my speech when he said, They were ‘Aisha and Hafsa.’ Someone who lies to the Prophet and conspires against him to stop him from doing something which was legal, how much confidence would you have in her words? 2. Backbiting Islam deems backbiting to be a trait so abominable that Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى) and his Messenger (s) singled out as conduct that a believer should steer clear of. Sadly, even the late wife of the Prophet (s) was not protected from her backbiting, as can be evidenced by Sahih Bukhari Volume 5, Book 58, Number 168: Narrated ‘Aisha: Once Hala bint Khuwailid, Khadija’s sister, asked the permission of the Prophet to enter. On that, the Prophet remembered the way Khadija used to ask permission, and that upset him. He said, “O Allah! Hala!” So I became jealous and said, “What makes you remember an old woman amongst the old women of Quraish an old woman (with a teethless mouth) of red gums who died long ago, and in whose place Allah has given you somebody better than her?” 3. Condemnation of Prophet’s wives by Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى) This action of the wives of the Holy Prophet (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى) angered Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى) to the extent that He threatened them with divorce. The verse states: [Pickthal 66:5] It may happen that his Lord, if he divorce you, will give him in your stead wives better than you, submissive (to Allah), believing, pious, penitent, devout, inclined to fasting, widows and maids. This clearly indicates that there were believing women among the Muslims who were much better than Aisha and she was the recipient of Allah’s anger. 4. Doubting the Prophet’s words Abdul Hamid Ghazzali records the following in his classic Ihya Ulum-id-din: Once there was an altercation between the Prophet and Aisha when they found Abu Bakr as judge. Hazrat Aisha said to the Prophet: ‘You speak but don’t speak except truth. At once Abu Bakr gave her such a slap that blood began to ooze out from her mouth’. Ihya Ulum-id-din by Imam Ghazzali, Volume 2 page 36, Chapter “The secrets of marriage” – English translation by Maulana Fazlul Karim The title ‘Sadiq’ was one that dated back to the time of jahilyya, and was a testament to the fact that the pagan Arabs recognized that the holy Prophet ((صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم)) was a man that always spoke the truth. Now compare this recognition to the conduct of Aisha who was appealing to the conscience of her husband, demanding that he speak truthfully before her father that was there as an arbiter between the feuding couple. 5. Going against the Quran Holy Quran states: [Yusufali 49:2] O ye who believe! Raise not your voices above the voice of the Prophet, nor speak aloud to him in talk, as ye may speak aloud to one another, lest your deeds become vain and ye perceive not. The verse sets out the serious consequences for those that raise their voice in the presence of the Prophet ((صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم)). Yet, we see in Majma al Zawaid, Volume 9 page 136 Tradition 15194: Al-Numan bin Bashir said: ‘Abu Bakr asked for permission to enter on the prophet (s), whereupon he heard Aisha’s loudly raised voice, saying (to the prophet): ‘I knew that Ali and Fatima are more dearer to you than me and my father’. She said that twice or thrice – Abu Bakr then asked for permission and entered he approached her and said: ‘O daughter, you should not raise your voice before Allah’s messenger (s)’. Imam Abi Bakar al-Haythami said: ‘Ahmad recorded it and the narrators are the narrators of the Sahih’. Her raised voice evidences how jealous and resentful she was at this fact that the Prophet ((صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم)) held Imam Ali ((عليه السلام).) and Bibi Fatima (s) dearer, so much so that it caused her behaviour to fall foul of the standards of conduct imposed by Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى) on those speaking to the Prophet (s). It took Abu Bakr to intervene and remind his daughter of her religious obligation 6. Jealousy & hatred towards the family of Prophet She hated the Ahlulbayt whom we are ordered to love and obey. Below are a few narrations from Sahih Bukhari Volume 5, Book 58, Number 166: Narrated ‘Aisha: I did not feel jealous of any of the wives of the Prophet as much as I did of Khadija though I did not see her, but the Prophet used to mention her very often, and when ever he slaughtered a sheep, he would cut its parts and send them to the women friends of Khadija. When I sometimes said to him, “(You treat Khadija in such a way) as if there is no woman on earth except Khadija,” he would say, “Khadija was such-and-such, and from her I had children.” Sahih Bukhari Volume 9, Book 93, Number 576: Narrated ‘Aisha: I never felt so jealous of any woman as I felt of Khadija, for Allah ordered him (the Prophet ) to give Khadija the glad tidings of a palace in Paradise (for her). Sahih Bukhari, Volume 8, Book 73, Number 33: Narrated ‘Aisha: I never felt so jealous of any woman as I did of Khadija, though she had died three years before the Prophet married me, and that was because I heard him mentioning her too often, and because his Lord had ordered him to give her the glad tidings that she would have a palace in Paradise, made of Qasab and because he used to slaughter a sheep and distribute its meat among her friends. As evident, she harboured jealousy towards Bibi Khadija. Below is her hatred of Bibi Fatima (s): We read in Sharh Nahj ul Balagha by Ibn Abi al Hadeed page 439 Chapter 2: “When the Prophet’s daughter died all the wives except Ayesha came to console Banu Hashim and she said that she was unwell and the message which she sent to Ali (عليه السلام) clearly depicts her joy at this sad occasion”. Below is her hatred of Imam Ali ((عليه السلام).): When Ubaidullah Ibn Utbah mentioned to Ibn Abbas that Aisha said “In his death-illness the Prophet was brought to (Aisha’s) house while his shoulders were being supported by Fadhl Ibn Abbas and another person”, then Abdullah Ibn Abbas said: “Do you know who this ‘other man’ was?” Ibn Utbah replied: “No.” Then Ibn Abbas said: “He was Ali Ibn Abi Talib, but she is averse to name him in a good context.” Musnad Ahmad bin Hanbal, Volume 6 page 228 Tradition 25956 al-Tabaqat al-Kabir, by Ibn Sa’d, v2, part 2, p29 History of al-Tabari (Arabic), v1, pp 1800-1801 History of al-Tabari (English) Volume 9 page 169-170 al-Ansab al-Ashraf, by al-Baladhuri, v1, pp 544-545 The margin writer of Musnad Ahmed bin Hanbal namely Shaykh Shoib al-Arnaut stated: “The chain is Sahih according to the standards of the two Sheiks (Bukhari & Muslim)” We also read in Rauzat ul Ahbaab, Volume 3 page 10 that: “Aisha was clouded by her hatred of Ali”. 7. Going against the words of Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى) and His Prophet ((صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم)) Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى) wanted the wives of the Holy Prophet ((صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم)) to remain in their houses. [Shakir 33:33] And stay in your houses and do not display your finery like the displaying of the ignorance of yore; and keep up prayer, and pay the poor-rate, and obey Allah and His Messenger … Hakim records a Sahih tradition in his Al-Mustadrak, Volume 3 page 129 Hadith 4611: When Ali was leaving for Basrah, he came before Umme Salamah. She said: ‘May you go under the protection of Allah. By Allah, you with Truth (Haq) and truth is with you. If I did not dislike disobedience of Allah and His Apostle, as they have directed us to stay in the house, I would have come along with you. But by Allah, I will dispatch with you someone who is the most precious to me and is more dearest to me than myself, that is my son Umar’. Clearly, the wife of the Holy Prophet understood the meaning of the verse. Imam Jalaluddin Suyuti records in Tafsir Dur al-Manthur, Volume 6 page 600 records: Masrooq [ra] narrated that when Ayesha [ra] would recite this verse, she would cry so profusely that her cover would become soaked with tears. 8. Fighting Imam Ali at Battle of Jamal We read in Riyadh al Nadhira Volume 2 page 199 Chapter "Manaqib 'Ali": Abu Bakr narrates: "I saw the Messenger of God pitch a tent in which he placed 'Ali, Fatima, Hasan, and Husayn. He then declared: 'O Muslims, I am at war against anyone who wars against the people of this tent, and am at peace with those who show peace toward them. I am a friend to those who befriend them. He who shows love toward them shall be one of a happy ancestry and good birth. Nor would anyone hate them except that he is of miserable ancestry and evil birth" Aisha is well known as she took up arms against the Caliph of her time who was Imam Ali ((عليه السلام).). Based on the narration, where does it leave her? 9. Barking dogs of Hawab Imam Ahmed records: Qays said: ‘When Aisha reached Bani Amer’s well at night, some dogs barked at her. She asked: ‘What is the name of this well?’ They replied: ‘This is Hawab’s well’. She replied: ‘I have to return’. Some of those who were with her said: ‘Nay you shall go forward so that the Muslims shall see you and Allah makes peace’. She replied: ‘Allah’s messenger ((صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم)) once said: ‘Then what would you (the wives of the prophet) do when you hear the barking of Al-Hawab dogs?’ Musnad Ahmed bin Hanbal, Volume 6 page 52 Tradition 24299 Ths margin writer of the book Shaykh Shu’aib al-Arnaout said: ‘The chain is Sahih and the narrators are reliable (Thuqat), the narrators of the two Sheikhs’ Another narration: Ibn Abbas narrates that Allah’s messenger (s) said to his wives: Who amongst shall be the rider of the camel who when marching, shall have the dogs of Hawab bark at her? Thereafter many people shall be killed on her left and right sides, she would subsequently survive after which she will be made to feel guilty’. Majma al-Zawaed, Volume 7 page 474 Tradition 12026 Al-Haythami said: ‘The narrators are reliable (Thuqat)’ We read in Iqd al-Farid, Volume 2 page 109: Rasulullah (s) had told her: ‘Oh Humayra! The dogs of Hawab shall bark at you, you shall fight Ali and you shall be an oppressor towards him’. Clearly, the wife of the Prophet ((صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم)) being mentioned above is someone who has been warned by the Prophet ((صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم)) as someone who would lead people astray and be the reason for people being killed. Would you trust a person who was warned by the Prophet to not be the reason for the death of so many people? One excuse we hear about Aisha is that she is the Mother of Believers and people give her actions immunity. Quran declared the wives of the Holy Prophet ((صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم)) as mothers to prevent the Muslims from marrying them in the eventuality of their being divorced or widowed, it is not a merit on their part. That is why we read in the Holy Quran: Nor is it right for you that ye should annoy Allah’s Messenger, or that ye should marry his widows after him at any time. (33:53) And then ‘and his wives are their mothers’ (33:6) The first verse was revealed to establish a new rule that Muslims could not marry the Prophet (s)’s and the second commandment was revealed to emphasise the very rule. We read in Tafsir al-Qurtubi, Volume 14 page 228 wherein Qurtubi mentioned both the nexus between both the verses in the following manner: Qatada said: ‘A man said: ‘If Allah’s messenger (s) died, I would marry Aisha’. Hence Allah revealed ‘{ Nor is it right for you that ye should annoy Allah’s Messenger}’ then revealed ‘{ and his wives are their mothers}’. Abu Bakr al-Jazairi records in Aysar al-Tafasir, Volume 4 page 1422: It has been narrated that when Allah’s messenger (s) married Um Salama and Hafsa, after (she got separated) from Khunais bin Hudafa, a male hypocrite said: ‘Why is Muhammad marrying our women? By Allah when he dies, we should fire our arrows at his wives’. Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى) therefore revealed this verse. Thus Allah made the marriage to His wives unlawful and made their status as the status of mothers. Allamah Salehi al-Shami records in Subul al-Huda wa al-Rashad, Volume 11 page 146: “The meaning of motherhood to the nation means that it is unlawful to marry them for ever just like the case of their biological mothers.” There is absolutely no duty upon the believers to venerate the wives of the Prophet ((صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم)). Crucially if this was indeed the case then there would be a religious duty for all believers both men and women to venerate the Mothers of the Believers, but this is not the case this mother relationship only relates to the nexus between the male believer and the wives of the Prophet ((صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم)). This can be further corroborated by the testimony of Aisha herself who unequivocally stated that she was the mother of the Muslim men not of Muslim women. Imam Ibn Saad records in Tabaqat al-Kabir, Volume 8 page 65: Masrooq said: ‘A woman said to Aisha: ‘Oh mother’. She replied: ‘I’m not your mother, I’m the mother of your men’. This tradition is recorded in Masanid Feras, Volume 1 page 85 by Feras al-Maktab while the reviser of the book Sheikh Muhammad bin Hassan al-Masri has declared its chain as ‘Sahih’ as has also been done by Esaami in Semt al-Nujum al-Awali, page 184. As evident from above, the only reason the wives of the Holy Prophet ((صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم)) were made mothers was to prevent them from re-marrying. This by itself has no virtue for the wives. Conclusion: It is clear from above that Aisha though being a wife of the Holy Prophet ((صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم)) did not do anything which reflected her status. Instead she went against the words of Allah (sawt) and His Prophet ((صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم)) and waged a war against the Caliph of her time. It is beyond any sane mind’s understanding that anyone would follow her despite knowing that she harbored ill feelings towards the family of the Holy Prophet ((صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم)). She even fought against Imam Ali ((عليه السلام).) despite the Prophet ((صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم)) mentioning that “Ali is with the truth and the truth is with Ali”. By fighting Imam Ali ((عليه السلام).) she has fought truth and how can you revere a person who fights truth? The Prophet clearly stated "Whoever obeys 'Ali, obeys me, whoever obeys me, obeys Allah, whoever disobeys 'Ali, disobeys me, whoever disobeys me, disobeys Allah" [Kanz al-Ummal, hadith numbers 32973]. Aisha had disobeyed Imam Ali ((عليه السلام).) and had disobeyed Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى). Why should any Muslim love someone who has disobeyed Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى)?
  2. Brother, Forget about best friend for a second. As the popular saying goes, a friend in need is a friend indeed. Can someone provide any authentic narrations about Abu Bakr helping the Holy Prophet ((صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم)) while he was in the Shi'b Abu Talib? When the Holy Prophet and his clan (Banu Hashim) were under siege for 3 years, there is no evidence of Abu Bakr's attempt to relieve the distress of the beleaguered clan but there is evidence that several unbelievers brought essential supplies to it. Is that a deed of a friend? Treatment of Prophet's family post his death by Abu Bakr is another barometer to judge if really was a friend.
  3. The answer is in your post itself. The hadith you have quoted from the Holy Prophet pbuh is from the chapter dealing with virtues of knowledge. If one wants to learn about the inheritance then they should check the chapter dealing with inheritance. The narrations quoted above are about knowledge and not about materialistic wealth. So it would be wrong to take these narrations out of context.
  4. Tell that person to throw all the ingredients required to prepare bread like flour, water etc together into an oven without proper mixing and see if that results in bread. If not, then how can such a complex universe come into existence without any divine interference.
  5. Brother, We only follow what we have been advised by the Holy Prophet pbuh and his Ahlulbayt. So if it was 10th of Imam Ali (as) then the Imams would have told us. We cannot add or remove anything based on our preference.
  6. Fitra should be taken out on the eve of Eid and not before that. However if you want to give it to the needy before Eid prayers then you will have to give it to them as a loan and change the Niyah on the day of Eid to make it a fitra. Hope this helps.
  7. Ammar Nakshawani had recently given a lecture on this topic. Link to the same is as below:
  8. Usurping of Fadak was indeed an oppression towards the daughter of the holy Prophet (pbuh) as she was in control of that piece of land when her workers were chased away. So the onus should have been on the one making the claim to prove that it was a property belonging to the state. But unfortunately, the person making the claim not only took control of it, asked the owners of Fadak to present witnesses but also presided as a judge on this case. Logic defied from every angle. Regarding the wives, they escaped the oppression because the target was the daughter of the Prophet (pbuh). The fact that Prophet's wives continued living in their houses proves that the below narration quoted in defense of Abu Bakr is a concocted one: "Our property is not inherited, but whatever we leave is to be given in charity.' If everything left behind by Prophet was really for charity then the wives would have also been kicked out of their respective homes. The fact that they weren’t is a proof till the end of this world that the daughter of the Prophet had her property which rightfully belonged to her usurped from her. If only people use a little bit of common sense, the whole issue would be crystal clear. It is a very unfortunate truth that people in their blind love do not look at things logically.
  9. Brother, I know you are trying to play the Devli's advocate here but I am sure you can see the flaw in their logic. 1. Did the Prophet kill those people who refused to pay him the Zakat? 2. People like Malik Ibn Nuwayra (ra) were killed for not paying zakat yet he was a Sahabi, so how does this fit the adala of Sahabah? 3. Muwaiyah (la) did not have the right to ask for justice of Uthman's blood as Uthman's sons were alive, did they go to the Caliph of their time? 4. Even if we ignore point 3, how many killers of Uthman did Muwaiya (la) punish after he became the caliph? 5. What becomes of a Muslim who breaks a treaty/agreement? The list can go on but I don't want to derail the thread. Their replies doesn't absolve Muwaiya (la) of his guilt.
  10. Dare them to do the same to those who fought against their first caliph.
  11. Inna Lillahe wa inna ilaihi Rajeeoon. Sorry to hear about your loss brother. May Allah swt grant her a lofty place in the paradise and give your family the strength to deal with this loss.
  12. If they criticize one Sahaba, then they are opening up a floodgate to criticize many more. There lies the danger of their concocted fairy tales being shred to pieces and the very foundation of Adalat-e-Sahaba being punctured. So for them instead, it is better to alter history, distort facts, forget Quranic verses and praise everyone who fought against the Ahlulbayt. All because they can call those individuals stars and add (ra) at the end of their name. Remember, Muwaiyah (la) only used to write letters for the Prophet (pbuh) and they changed the historical facts to make him a scribe of the wahi. He also became Khalul Momineen while the brother of the alleged favourite wife of the Holy Prophet (pbuh) did not get to enjoy that title for obvious reasons. Anyone who fights the First caliph is labeled an apostate but anyone who fights their Fourth Caliph was doing it with good intentions and hence both the parties will get 1 reward. Muwaiya broke the peace treaty but still he is Amir Muwaiya to them. Oooh... their fictional history books are so much fun.
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