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In the Name of God بسم الله

Qa'im

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  1. Wa alaykum assalam, There is a (sometimes unspoken) rule on Twitter, which is that Retweets ≠ Endorsements. I think the same can apply to hadiths - in some cases, a person quoted someone to make a point, or reach a different audience. It suffices to say that, most of the time, Ja`far al-Sadiq (عليه السلام) would quote his father - this is the general rule, even if there are exceptions. The narrations of Ja`far (عليه السلام) in Sunni sources still mostly correspond to what we find in Shia sources. This is indicative to the Shia sources not being falsely attributed to him.
  2. Ws sir, no I focused more on the oldest narrations rather than only sahih.
  3. I think it is sufficient to just say "my father is abusive, so we are not on speaking terms". Most people with akhlaq will not pry much beyond that, because they know that it is complicated, painful, but also not too uncommon. For some, that will be a dealbreaker, but that's ok. There will be others who will understand and will want to help you. It is better that it is said before too much emotion is invested and time wasted. If it isn't revealed early, then they may not trust you anymore once they actually find out.
  4. The only other option is buying the PDF, which you can inquire about by sending me a message.
  5. Still waiting for any hadith, in any book, that says that Sayyida Fatima (عليه السلام) is al-Kawthar. Again, I'm not against the possibility, as the Quran can have multiple layers of meaning. But it is an opinion until there is binding proof. Even Tabarsi's tafsir (12th century) lists many opinions, the 6th one is وقيل: هو كثرة النسل والذرية، وقد ظهرت الكثرة في نسله من ولد فاطمة (ع)، حتى لا يحصى عددهم، واتصل إلى يوم القيامة مددهم - "It is said" (by who? he does not mention) "that [al-Kawthar] is the abundance of progeny and descendants, and that abundance has appeared through the loins of Fatima, to the point where we do not know their number, and they stretch until the Day of Resurrection." This is one of many opinions he provides, but this one he does not provide a source for. And while it mentions Sayyida Fatima (عليه السلام), this is not exactly saying that she is al-Kawthar - it is saying that the abundant number of descendants is al-Kawthar. Close, but not exactly the same thing. If you keep reading to the end of this section, Tabarsi concludes فقد أعطاه الله، سبحانه وتعالى، الخير الكثير في الدنيا، ووعده الخير الكثير في الآخرة، وجميع هذه الأقوال تفصيل للجملة التي هي الخير الكثير في الدارين. "Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى) gave him much goodness in this world, and He promised him much goodness in the Hereafter. All of these opinions are an elaboration that it (al-Kawthar) is much goodness in the two abodes (this world and the hereafter)." Tadabbur of the Quran is great, but in this example, we've elevated an opinion into an enshrined tafsir that is recited all the time in our community, when there is no proof that the Ahl al-Bayt did this themselves. That's a problem.
  6. You can feel free to say that you have the hidden meaning, and that meaning may very well be true. But until it is said by an Imam of Ahlul Bayt, then it is just an opinion. Just like how some sahaba had their own opinions, and just like how some Sunni mufasirin like Razi had their views. It’s strange to me that the 12 Imams and their Shia, and a thousand years of Shia scholarship would miss something like this, yet it became completely sacrosanct in our community.
  7. Ibn Jurayj was an early Meccan jurist of Byzantine origins who narrated thousands of reports in the Islamic ḥadīth corpus. His reports are commonly found in the two Ṣaḥīḥs and the Muṣannaf literature. According to al-Dhahabī, Ibn Jurayj was the leading shaykh in Mecca. Perhaps the most eccentric feature of this school was its outspoken support for the validity of temporary marriage (mutʿa). Despite Ibn Jurayj’s apparent piety and trustworthiness, a defect in some of his reports is that he does not always name his sources. Peculiarly, he frequently narrates directly from an anonymous person that he trusted (literally “man uṣaddiq”, someone I trust). If Ammaar Muslim’s postulation is correct, then Ibn Jurayj was censoring the name of Jaʿfar al-Ṣādiq (d. 765 AD), the famous Medinan jurist from the Ahl al-Bayt of the Prophet. https://bliis.org/research/ibn-jurayj-jaʿfar-al-ṣadiq-and-meccan-fiqh/
  8. Ultimately, God chooses what is halal and haram, and some of our appetites and instincts may need to be restricted. In the same way that one cannot commit adultery, one cannot engage in gay sex. Adultery and fornication are more "natural" than homosexuality - you cannot derive "ought" simply from what "is". Here are some interesting readings on this topic for those who are interested: 1. According to one study, gay men are 7x more likely to have been sexually abused as children than straight men. (Holmes and Slap, 1998) Another study says 46% of gay men were abused as children (Tomeo, 2001). https://www.jimhopper.com/pdf/holmes_and_slap_1998.pdf https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/11501300/ 2. John Money, who performed the first modern sex changes and invented terms like "gender role" and "sexual orientation", and popularized the concept of "gender identity", abused children and led to their suicides. 3. The transgender attempted suicide rate is 32-50% (Virupaksha, 2016). This cannot be attributed simply to a lack of gender affirmation, since this suicide epidemic did not exist during times where gender affirmation didn't exist, and other marginalized communities don't commit suicide at comparable numbers. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5178031/ 4. 21% of Generation Z is LGBTQ (Gallup, 2022). https://news.gallup.com/poll/389792/lgbt-identification-ticks-up.aspx 5. 67.5% of homosexual men have intestinal worms https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1704818/ 6. Homosexuals are significantly more likely to have Sexually Transmitted Diseases https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/6893897/ 7. Homosexual men have a median of ~16 partners in their lifetime. 27% of homosexuals have had over 30 partners. https://medium.com/@neuropsychology/gay-promiscuity-statistics-partners-45fc370c0ca5 8. Homosexuals are more likely to be pedophiles than heterosexuals https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/1556756/ 9. Homosexuals are more likely to abuse their foster children https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.2466/pr0.96.1.227-230 10. 61% of bisexual women and 43% of lesbians are victims of partner abuse, compared to 35% of heterosexual women https://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/pdf/nisvs_sofindings.pdf 11. 42% of women in prison are lesbian or bisexual, despite being less than 10% of the population https://williamsinstitute.law.ucla.edu/wp-content/uploads/SORS-LGBTQ-May-2022.pdf Even based on the harm principle alone, it is totally rational to not want to be part of such a community, and to not want such activities to be celebrated.
  9. Almost everything here is correct. As for Surat al-Kawthar, we don't have a single hadith anywhere (strong or weak) that says that Sayyida Fatima (عليه السلام) is al-Kawthar. On the contrary, Shi`a tafasir consistently say that al-Kawthar is a special river in Paradise. The first person that I know of that alluded to al-Kawthar being connected to Sayyida Fatima (عليه السلام) was Sunni scholar Fakhr al-Din al-Razi (d. 1210 AD), who offers this possibility alongside 15 possible meanings to al-Kawthar. One can believe this if they want, but it is not the strongest interpretation, nor does it come from Shiism.
  10. In the case of Sayyida Fatima (عليه السلام), the scholarly consensus was actually that the Prophet (s) had four daughters, so this is a case of the populace attacking the consensus without sufficient evidence. Four daughters were mentioned by the Safir of the 12th Imam, Kulayni, Mufid, Murtada, Tusi, Tabarsi, Ibn Shahr Ashub, Shahid al-Thani, Fayd Kashani, Majlisi, Mazandarani, Kashif al-Ghita', `Abbas al-Qummi, Ali Shariati, Ja`far Subhani, etc. etc.
  11. The assumptions here are (1) that those who are skeptical are being hyperskeptical, ie questioning things just for the sake of questioning, and (2) that everything from tawassul, to Hadith al-Kisa', to Du`a' Kumayl, to Nahj al-Balagha, to the `isma of Amir al-Mu'minin (عليه السلام), to the martyrdom of Abu Fadl al-`Abbas are all of equal weight, value, and authenticity. That's a category error. This latter point is a big problem. The assumption is that, if you don't subscribe to the latest, most cultural, most flamboyant, most sensationalist expression of Shiism, then you are denying the foundations of Shiism. That's like saying, if you deny the Flat Earth conspiracy, then you deny that there is an Earth at all. The slippery slope in this example is a fallacy. Something like Hadith al-Thaqalayn or Ghadir, for example, has exponentially more weight than the idea that Sayyida Fatima (عليه السلام) is the only daughter of the Prophet (s). There is a long list of scholars on page 1 who believed in 4 daughters that never ever even questioned Thaqalayn or Ghadir - the sky is blue. The actual teachings and practice of Ahl al-Bayt, aka the whole point of Shiism to begin with. If we want to follow forgeries, then there are plenty of other religions to choose from.
  12. Wa alaykum assalam, BLIIS is an online institution with a mailing address in Berkeley. The founder is involved in SABA in San Jose.
  13. Why do we marry at a later age nowadays? 1. Birth control in the 1950s brought the risk of relationships down significantly. Early marriage protected people from accidental pregnancies and casual relationships. Now, the risk in having a relationship is significantly smaller due to advanced birth control methods. 2. Colonization and Imperialism: Anglo-Saxon culture has historically had much higher marriage ages than the rest of the world, and even higher than the rest of Europe. 3. Adolescence: the concept of adolescence came after the Industrial Revolution in Europe. Adolescence is the idea of extended childhood, where one is not yet an adult, but can do some things that adults do (work, drive, get into relationships, etc.) without all of the responsibilities. Adolescents are not tried under the law as adults. This has brought about a teenage "culture" where different things are expected from teenagers than from adults. This did not exist historically - people in most societies gained the full rights and responsibilities of adults shortly after puberty. The notion that one is "still a kid" at 17 or even 20 is very recent for most of the world. 3. Urbanization: people in agricultural societies till this day get married earlier than people in urban societies. There are a range of sociological reasons for this that you can research. The marriage age for women is still 12 in some parts of the Western world. More people live in cities now than anytime in history. 4. Economic changes: in capitalist societies, women are encouraged to finish schooling, get a degree, build a career, pay their debts, and become consumers in the free market. Most households now need two breadwinners, as a man's work is not as valuable as it used to be. So this has created a culture where women are expected to only marry after they have achieved economic independence, so they could support their family and not be a liability, and so they could leave the marriage and still support themselves if need be. 5. The standards of marriage itself have changed. Marriage in Islamic law can be very simple: an oral contract, a small dower, and a guardian's permission (if applicable). Nowadays, even in Muslim cultures, an engagement, dower, wedding, and honeymoon can cost an upwards of $100,000 in total. Add a mortgage on top of that with skyrocketing urban housing prices. 6. Marriage today is more about compatibility and romance, marriage historically had tribal and economic alliances, and were less motivated by the kind of stuff we see in Hollywood, Disney, Bollywood, the music industry, soap operas, sitcoms, etc. Tastes and beauty standards are also quite fluid. 7. People today still get into relationships very young. My school friends started getting into relationships at 11, and I hear nowadays it is getting younger. Girlfriend/boyfriend relationships have replaced marriage for many people.
  14. I was referring to the popular version of Hadith al-Kisa. But a miraculous crack in the Kaaba would have to be held to an even higher standard, because almost every Muslim makes Hajj, and miracles are a bigger claim than a hadith about a historical event.
  15. Yes, many books were lost and destroyed. However: 1. Abdullah b. Nurullah al-Bahrani did not claim to have gotten this hadith from a lost book. He claimed to have gotten it from a 1,100 year long chain I mentioned earlier. 2. Most of the books that were lost/destroyed were gone by the 1200s (Mongol invasion) and prior. For such a hadith to survive another ~500 years without being mentioned is again very unlikely. 3. A hadith this valuable being left out of every important and unimportant book, by every major and minor scholar, including the likes of al-Kafi and even Bihar al-Anwar (which is a library of everything available to the Safavids up to that point in time), is very unlikely. For the sake of argument, let's say that the near impossible happened, and this hadith did survive orally for a millennium completely intact. There are tens of thousands of other hadiths, du'as, and ziyarat, whose reliability can be much better supported, for us to put this specific one at the very top.
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