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In the Name of God بسم الله

Abu Hadi

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  1. What you are saying is not a binary choice. It's not an 'either or'. Either this or that. You absolutely are obligated to do both. As you are doing both, you need to observe the hudud, the limits and the regulations which were laid down by Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى) so that you will be successful both in this world and the hereafter. I will give you some examples. One of the most famous duas said by almost everyone in Salat is 'Atina fe dunya hasantin, wa fe akhirate hasanaten, waqina athab an nar'. Give me good in this world, and good in the next world (akhira) and save me from the punishment of the fire (hell). Very short dua but very, very important. Now why is this dua so important. It is important because it puts things in perspective. If there was only good in the akhira, the dua would say 'give me good in the akhira' and stop, meaning there is no good (hasanat) in this world. So the fact that we are asking Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى) for good (hasanat) in this world and the next world proves that there is good in this world. Now we need to figure out how to get the hasanat (good) that is in the dunya, this world To further explain this, someone asked Rasoulallah(p.b.u.h) what is the 'fe dunya hasanaten', the good in this world. A man was asking so he said having a mumina for a wife. If a women was asking, there might have been a different answer. If someone who was lazy and didn't want to work asked the question, Rasoulallah(p.b.u.h) might have answer 'Earning a halal livelihood'. The point is, you partially earn your akhira thru your actions in the dunya that are done 'Qurbatin in Allahe ta'la' (Seeking nearness to Allah). So without the good in the dunya, there would be no good in the akhira. They are connected together. One gives birth to the other, in a sense. The other important point is that anything that gives you pleasure in this world and is not haram, or makruh, you should definitely do it, provided it doesn't interfere with your carrying out the wajib acts which you need to do. So if something isnt haram or makrooh, and it doesn't interfere with your wajibat, then I think it is almost an obligation to do it. People need to have pleasure in their life in order to have a good and stable mental health state. Some people will make the objection that, 'Well if doing things that give you pleasure are so important, why isn't there many hadith about the Imams doing specific things that they did just that gave them pleasure'. There aren't many of these hadiths that talk about this, I agree, but there is a reason for that. The reason is that what gives one person pleasure might be totally different than what gives another person pleasure. Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى) want us to use our own desire and our own creativity in order to have those experiences free from constraints, except the constraints which were mentioned above. If, for example, the hadith said (and I am just making this up, btw, there is no such hadith that I am aware of), 'Imam Sadiq used to pick flowers from his garden and arrange them and got great pleasure from this', then what would people think. Everyone (who is Shia) would try to force themselves into loving picking flowers and arranging flowers. Personally, this is the very last thing I would think about, for pleasure purposes, but if there was a hadith like this, I would try to do in and find a way to like doing it. At the same time, then it would not be pleasurable, it would be work. Every human being has the desire to be free in seeking pleasure and doing what makes them happy. Themselves personally, not other people. If people don't this, they will have a lack of joy in their life which could lead to mental illness or other bad consequences, and eventually this would affect their spirituality. I am highly encouraging you that if you find something that gives you pleasure do it, do it as much as possible provided it isn't haram or makrooh and doesn't interfere with your wajibat.
  2. This is one of the main reasons behind the recent verdicts prohibiting supporting and viewing this movie. Verdicts have been reported from a number of maraja’, including Ayatollah Makarem Shirazi, Ayatollah Nouri Hamadani, Ayatollah Ja’far Subhani, and Ayatollah Safi Golpaygani. Ayatollah Makarem Shirazi issued the following statement: “Without doubt, those who help to produce and release this film, as well as those who watch it have committed a mortal sin…It is quite likely that the enemies of Islam have a hand in all this and they have planned to incite a lot of bloodshed among the Muslims through this film. Therefore, all those who help in the production of this film will also be responsible for any Muslim blood that is spilled on its account…all Muslims must know that the messages intended to be conveyed through this film are neither the messages of Islam nor those of the Shia school.” This quote posted above by br. @Ashvazdanghe pretty much settles the issue. As a follower of Ahl Al Bayt((عليه السلام)) I don't know what more you would need to tell you that you cannot support this movie in any way. Watching it is supporting it, since the producers make money off the views they get. The more views, the more money they make, and the greater chance that projects like this, designed to cause fitna amoung the Ummah will be repeated. Some will take the position, like that of Sayyid Ammar Nakshawani, that nothing that is said in this movie is not said in Fatimmiyah programs, so we should just end the Fatimiyya programs then. I respectfully disagree with Sayyid Ammar on this point. A movie is primarily a visual medium, unlike majalis, which is primarily an auditory medium (spoken word), although there are some visual elements to it, but those elements are not central to the conveyance of the message. The figures which our Sunni brothers and sisters hold in High Esteem, i.e. the five (Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman, and Aisha, Hafsa (any wives of Rasoulallah(p.b.u.h)) are not allowed to be insulted, according to our Marjaa'. These figures were insulted in this movie, which is something that does not occur normally in Fatimiyya programs. Giving a historical account of what they did(Umar attacking the house of Ali((عليه السلام)) And Fatima((عليه السلام), etc) is not insulting them, it is a fact of history being recounted, but doing other things that were done in the movie are insulting them. You can insult someone in a movie, by just changing their apperance to make them appear ugly, disfigured, etc, when they weren't this way in real life. That isn't possible to do in a majalis. I haven't seen the movie, but I take the words of my leaders, i.e. the marjaa' at face value and trust them that these things were part of the movie. Also, YH and his crew are known for this type of behaviour (insulting and mocking these personalities as well as doing the same with our marjaa' and anyone they don't like). So I don't want to support them in any way. Even without this statement by our marjaa', I still wouldn't see the movie in any way that would give them any type of support.
  3. I agree it's not helpful, but there is a 'but' for this one. This is why I said in my previous posts that Shia are 'standofish' in Western Countries (US / Canada / UK / Australia) and there is a reason for this. It is because the governments of those countries believe that Iran (the only predominantly Shia country in the world that does not bow before Western Imperialism) is their enemy and Israel is their friend (they mistakenly believe this, btw). So they actively try to undermine and destroy from within any Shia organizations in these countries that have sincere and strong leadership. Anyone who has been involved in these organizations has seen instances of this. Some are real and some are imagined. The problem is because we, as citizens of these countries can never get any good information about this from the government (they put all these activities under the heading of 'National Security' and thus they are secret), we have no way of knowing what is real and what is not real. This creates a kind of paranoia in these groups, centers, which is the main goal of these activities. To turn brothers and sisters against each other and make them not trust each other, so that they don't reach their goals I remember a few years back there was a right wing congressman that was going on t.v. saying 'Why don't muslims (in the US) start universities, hospitals, large charity organizations, like the Christians do'. Making it seem like Muslims are somehow defective and not good at doing things like this. At the same time, they will never admit the fact, even though there are cases that have been well documents of the US government using it's vast resources to try and destroy Islamic organizations in the US that they merely 'suspected' were involved in terrorist activities without any proof of this, which at the same time, they don't do this to Christian organizations that are actually involved in terrorist activities, like the abortion clinic bombers or the right wing paramilitary groups. Obviously, I don't believe that those organizations reflect the real values of Christianity so them calling themselves Christian is a kind of a joke and a fraud (just like groups like ISIS or Taliban calling themselves 'Islamic Orgainzations is a joke and a fraud) but at the same time, we cant deny the facts of the group. These groups are treated differently, and it's because of their religious affiliation or perceived political leanings. If a white person, or someone of a background other than that which is dominant at that masjid, walks in, people should not automatically assume they are a spy / agent. They should also not assume that they are not. They should look at that person's behavior. If they go in and start gossiping about people, start telling lies about one person to another, start trying to gather information of a personal nature on people, i.e. cause fitna then most likely they are an agent and they should be treated with extreme caution. At the same time, if someone comes in and they are humble, don't tell lies, don't gossip about people, don't try to turn people against each other, do not ask people for information of a personal / confidential nature then almost guaranteed they are not an agent but only a sincere person who is seeking the truth and they should be treated with kindness and respect. So behavior should be the criteria, not the color of someone's skin or the color of their eyes or hair, or what language they speak or where they were born. BTW, and this just makes sense from a logical point of view, the vast majority of the agents that the US government uses to break up Islamic Orgainzations are either 1) Sayed, alim, male, with strong family backgrounds in the community where they are going to. So these men are automatically given 'credibility' even when they don't deserve it. 2) Young ,attractive, white women. For obvious reasons. So these two groups, if they enter an organization 'out of the blue' should be given extra scrutiny. There are of course many who are sincere and not agents, but their behavior should be looked at carefully.
  4. I am not saying they are nowhere to be found, I said they are more or less rare, depending on where you live and what environment you are in. For example, a marjaa' taqleed, who lives in Qum or Najaf, was raised in a family of Sadat, is in a pure environment with no haram around him, then in that situation, yes, there are probably many who are in that situation of being single with no fear of committing haram. The vast majority of Shia in the world don't live in that situation. They live in London or New York or Singapore, Karachi, Tehran, Beirut, etc, where haram is all around them and they are surrounded on every side by people who are either non practicing muslims or in the case of those who live in the West, non muslims. So the majority of the people around them have absolutely no respect for mahram / non mahram, halal and haram. In that situation, in which the vast majority of Shia live in, is it any surprise to you that they would fall into sin because of not being married. Add on top of that Internet / Social Media in which every kind of haram is only a click away, and you can come to understand what the situation is. The marjaa' and those directly around them, and maybe even some fortunate brothers and sisters on ShiaChat are living in environments and places like the marjaa are living in and their situation is similar to theirs, i..e surrounded by Shia who are practicing and in a place where the government and society respects the norms of Islam as taught by Ahl Al Bayt((عليه السلام)). A t the same time, they need to understand that they are a small minority amoung the followers of Ahl Al Bayt((عليه السلام)) and they would not assume that everyone or even most live the life that they live.
  5. Bismillah Ta'la I did not create the Jinns and the human beings except for the purpose that they should worship Me. Holy Quran 51:56. According to Quran, this is the meaning of life. If you understand the meaning of the ayat, you will understand why you were created and put on this earth and your life will make sense. Many muslims mistakenly believe that 'Ibadat' or worship means only praying, fasting, doing dua, reading quran, etc. While this is part of ibadat, it is not all of it. Ibadat comes from the word 'abd' which means slave. So being in Ibadat means being in a state where we have made ourselves a slave to Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى). When someone is a slave, they always look to their master for guidance on what they are supposed to do and what they are supposed to avoid, they follow those orders and don't deviate from them, and they are always looking to please their master and not do anything that displeases him or makes him angry. Being in a state of slavery, in the absolute sense, is only appropriate for Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى) and not for any other being or any person. That is the meaning of 'La ilaha illa Lah'. There is nothing that is worthy of being a slave or abd to except Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى). So when a person is in this state of being a slave before Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى), they are fulfilling the purpose or the meaning of life. When they are outside of this state, they are not fulfilling this purpose, so their life has no meaning and no purpose. وَقَدِمْنَآ إِلَىٰ مَا عَمِلُوا۟ مِنْ عَمَلٍ فَجَعَلْنَـٰهُ هَبَآءً مَّنثُورًا So we will proceed to their deeds and make them as scattered floating dust Holy Quran 25:23 This ayat is talking about those people who do deeds and works that are outside of this state of Ibadat, i.e. they do them in disobedience to Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى). Those people believe that those deeds are great things, and that they will be rewarded by Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى) for them, but when they see the true nature of reality, they will realize that their deeds were nothing and worthless. So the meaning of Ibadat is that once you come to know and realize that something pleases Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى), you do it as much as you can and once you realize that something displeases Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى), you avoid it and stay away from it. The ones who do this and make a habit of doing this are the ones whose life has meaning because they are fulfilling the purpose of their creation and the purpose of their life on earth. Whereas those who don't do this and don't make a habit of it will come to believe (mistakenly) that their life has no meaning and no purpose so they will just go after what pleases them in the moment, haphazardly, until these things that they go after destroy them. Here are some of the best acts of Ibadat, according to our Leaders, Rasoulallah(p.b.u.h) and the Imams of Ahl Al Bayt((عليه السلام)) The best of deeds is the love of Muhammad wa Ahl Muhammad. This is illustrated in many hadith. Here are some from the books of the Sunnis. Taken from https://www.al-islam.org/shiite-encyclopedia/reward-loving-ahlul-bayt I found the following astonishing tradition in one of the most famous Tafsir book of the Sunni brothers, that is, "Tafsir al-Kabir", by Fakhr al-Razi who is a leading Sunni scholar with multiple specialties in Tafsir, Fiqh, and theology. The full address of the document is given at the end. I have provided Arabic text for each sentence of this tradition. This tradition can also be found in other Sunni commentary books of Qur’an, "Tafsir al-Kashshaf,”written by al-Zamakhshari, as well as "Tafsir al-Tha’labi." Before going over the text of the tradition, it is important to point out that a true love is always accompanied by obedience. A person who is crazy about somebody, does every thing to satisfy the lover, and does not allow himself to disobey the one who loves. That is why the "true love”is necessary and sufficient. A true love affects every single action of human being and directs it to a special direction in harmony with the one who loves. Thus anyone who claims to love the Prophet and his Ahlul-Bayt (peace be upon them all), but he insists in disobeying them, is simply a liar. After giving the text of the tradition I shall quote the related verse of Qur’an under whose commentary this tradition was mentioned. I will also present some other traditions transmitted by the Sunnis which clearly specify the individuals whose love is obligatory. “““““ The Messenger of Allah said: He who dies with love of the family of Muhammad is a Martyr. And behold! He who dies with love of the family of Muhammad is forgiven. And more! The one who dies with love of the family of Muhammad is died repented. More traditions The Holy Prophet is quoted as saying: There is a basis for everything; and love for us, Ahl al-Bayt, is the basis of Islam.1 Whoever loves us has loved Allah. Whoever is hostile to us has been hostile to Allah. Whoever obeys us has obeyed Allah and whoever disobeys us has disobeyed Allah.2 1. Al-Kafi: 46/2, H. 2 2. Al-Amali: 476, H. 16 Imam Hasan ((عليه السلام).) has said: Surely, love for us will make sins fall down away from the children of Adam as the wind make the leaves fall down from trees.32 Imam al-Sadiq ((عليه السلام).) has said: Whoever loves our devotees and us for the sake of Allah, and not for a worldly purpose, he antagonizes our enemy, not because of personal rancor. His sins will be forgiven on the Judgment Day even if they are as many as the sands of a desert and foams of the seas.33 32. Al-Ikhtisas: 82 33. Al-Amali 156, H. 259 The best deeds. From https://www.al-islam.org/mikyal-al-makarim-fi-fawaid-al-dua-lil-qaim-vol-1-sayyid-muhammad-taqi-musawi-isfahani/71-best-deeds Since this act is cause of happiness of the best of the people of faith, and making believers happy it is – after Prayer (Salaat) – the best of the deeds. That which proves this is a tradition in the tenth volume of Biharul Anwar quoted from the book of Manaqib that His Eminence, Husain bin Ali (عليه السلام) said: I know it certainly that my grandfather the Holy Prophet (S) said: “The best deed after Prayer is conveying happiness to a believer provided there is no sin involved in it.” As I saw a slave who was eating food with a dog. I asked him about it and he replied: O son of the Messenger of Allah (S) I am sad and by making this dog happy, I am getting pleasure. Because by master is a Jew and I want to leave him. So Husain (عليه السلام) went to his master taking an amount of 200 dinars as the cost of that slave. The Jew said: “The slave is at your service. And this orchard is for him and I give the money back to you.” Imam (عليه السلام) said: “I also grant the money to you.” He accepted the money gave the slave to him. Imam Husain (عليه السلام) said: “I have freed the slave and given all this to him.” At that moment his wife said: “I have become a Muslim and surrendered my dower to him.” The Jew said: “I have also become a Muslim and given this house to my wife.”1 Imam Ali((عليه السلام)) said Blessed is the man who always kept the life after death in his view, who remembered the Day of Judgment through all his deeds, who led a contented life and who was happy with the lot that Allah had destined for him. 45. If I cut a faithful Muslim into pieces to make him hate me, he will not turn into my enemy and if I give all the wealth of this world to a hypocrite to make him my friend he will not befriend me. It is so because the Holy Prophet has said: " O ‘Ali! No faithful Muslim will ever be your enemy and no hypocrite will ever be your friend. from https://www.al-islam.org/articles/various-sayings-imam-ali-ibn-abi-talib
  6. I think the main thing brothers and sisters need to understand is that our position on this issue is different from the position of the 'right to choose' people and also different from the anti Roe v Wade people. We have our own position 1. We disagree with the Christian position that life begins at conception. According to our scholars and according the authentic hadith of Ahl Al Bayt and also Quran, life doesn't begin at conception but begins weeks after that point (during the first trimester). That's why using contraception is perfectly ok, and even using things that end the pregnancy before the 'ruh' enters the fetus, like RU-486 (sometimes called the 'abortion pill') is also ok to use. Before the 'ruh' enters the fetus, it is the women's and ideally the couples right to choose whether they want a child or not. Once the 'ruh' enters, it is no longer their choice to make 2. We disagree with the 'pro choice' people who say that the fetus is part of the women's body until it is viable outside the womb. They say this because they have guessed that it is only a human being once it can exist on it's own outside the womb, because most of them don't believe in a soul and believe a human being is just so many pounds of meat, electrical signals, and chemical processes. We as muslims don't believe that.
  7. They are not criticizing it because they are 'for' abortion. As muslims, we should be 'for' a women's right to choose, but we believe, and it is a very clear issue, that once the 'ruh' or the spirit enters into the fetus, the fetus is no longer part of the women's body, but is an independent human being with all the same rights as any other human being. So she has the right to choose while it is still part of 'her', i.e. before the soul enters the fetus. After that point, it is no longer 'her' so then the 'right to choose' is irrelevant. The soul enters the fetus when the fetus attaches itself Here is a good article on this from the website of the late Sayyid Fadlallah(رضي الله عنه). It is from 2013, but still very relevant http://english.bayynat.org/FiqhLaws/Fiqh_abortionlegitimacy .htm The issue with the Texas law is that it 'turns neighbors against each other' which will have a detrimental impact on the society. It is a purely political move, as Republicans are under pressure from their base to pass some kind of legislation on abortion, and they have failed to pass anything significant so far. It was not done to stop abortion, because it is very easy for most women to travel to an adjacent state where abortion is legal, and it does not help the mother in any way (like giving her counseling, or financial assistance so that she will be less worried about raising a child). Also, it will probably be challenged in court and will be unable to be enforced. It is another 'dog and pony show' only.
  8. The religion gives us a framework to discuss all issues. It gives us the basic premises about the nature of existence that allow us to carry out these discussions, agreeing on the basic premises. It doesn't spell out every issue in an explicitly way, otherwise the Quran would be millions or billions of pages long and it would be subject the tahrif because noone could even read the whole thing in a lifetime and alot of the pages would be irrelevant, depending on the time period that someone lived in. In order to come to a conclusion based on the premises, we must rely on first, our own aql (intelligence) in order to discern what makes sense and is not self-contradictory. (the basics of logic, which can be taught and learned). Second, we must rely of learned and just scholars who can separate between the authentic, fabricated, and weak ahadith and come to a conclusion based on Quran and authentic hadith. Especially now in the world of the internet and the enemies of Islam who are fabricating ahadith 24/7 365 on a massive scale and putting them online, we need to be very careful regarding hadith that we read online. Any hadith that has not been validated and authenticated and published in a paper book which has many copies, and the books were published prior to 1993 (the time when the Internet first became popular), I would basically throw it out because it has a high likelyhood of being fabricated. Trying to pull out random ahadith without knowing the source and being familiar with the science of ilm al rijal is a fool's errand. Many people get misguided this way.
  9. Yes, it has to be recited in Arabic and the person needs to have a basic understanding of what they are saying. The info is here https://en.wikishia.net/view/Marriage_formula
  10. What city / state / do you live in ? Someone here might be able to put you in contact with someone. As was said above, a sheik or a mosque is not required, but optional. At the same time, it is 'very' optional since you want your marriage to be recognized by the community and also the city , state, and country where you live.
  11. Remember when I said, in my previous post that Taliban will most likely disintegrate into fighting amoung themselves. Here is a sign that this is already happening https://news.yahoo.com/afghanistan-taliban-leaders-bust-presidential-184606129.html
  12. Mutah was made halal by Quran and was not made haram. It's not zina. Hijab is not the issue here, or Mutah in general, but doing Mutah with a women who is famous for zina. This is something that is highly discouraged because of 'Who' the Mutah is with. A woman who has done zina in the recent past and has not repented or made a strong intention to change is not trustworthy or respectable and a muslim should not be with someone in an intimate way who is like that.
  13. These things are all related to each other. If you believe that Prophet Muhammad was a Messenger of God, then you believe in the Quran, the written part of this Message. The Quran states Muhammad is not the father of any of your men, but he is the Messenger of Allah and the Last of the prophets; and Allah is cognizant of all things. Holy Quran 33:40 The exact word used in this verse in 'khatama' which means to place a seal over something. The word was used before Islam when someone would place a seal over a jar. When you placed the seal on the jar, the Arabs would say 'khatama' , 'he is sealing it'. The function of a seal is to keep what is inside pure, so it doesn't mix with other things from the environment. Or like in the old days when they would place a wax seal on a letter, each institution or kingdom would have it's own seal so that if the seal was tampered with, you would know it and would know that they letter is not authentic. So the institution of Prophethood was sealed, and this occurred after the last verse of the Quran was revealed in the 10th year after Hijra (631 A.D) with the verses of Surat Al Maidah(after the events of Ghadir Khum in which Imam Ali((عليه السلام)) was publically designated by Prophet Muhammad as his successor) ..Today I have completed your religion for you, and I have perfected My favor on you, and I am satisfied with Islam as a religion for you... Holy Quran 5:3 After this point, the phenomenon of a human being receiving direct revelation from God thru the Angel Gabriel was stopped. The reason, we as Muslims believe, it was stopped was because it was no longer necessary. After the revelation of the verse, human beings had everything they needed in order to live a life that was in accordance with what God wanted for them, meaning they had the ability to fulfill their potential as human beings to the fullest extent and be the best version of themselves and live the most happy and fulfilling life that was possible here on earth. So concurrently with this, the institution of Prophethood was also no longer necessary since the Prophet was only the vehicle for conveying the Message from God to human beings and this Message was complete. The completion of the Message along with nomination of an individual (Imam Ali((عليه السلام))) who could act as the Wali(explained in the previous post) for the Muslims meant that we , as human beings, had all the necessary tools to live a happy and fulfilling life in accordance with what God wants for us. The reason why this potential wasn't fulfilled was because, shortly after this, the majority of Muslims rejected the Wali that was appointed by God and chose the one who came to power via a political coup and so this guidance was not realized in the early days after Prophet Muhammad(peace be upon him) and we are still suffering the effects of that today. To draw an analogy, you might have all the tools, knowledge, and materials at your disposal to build your dream house, but your dream house won't become a reality until you put in the work in order to build it. The tools, knowledge, and materials are not going to build the house. You have to do that. All the tools, materials, and knowledge currently exists to build the kind of society and world that we want to exist, but people have to be willing to put in the work in order to build that. Most people are not willing to do that, and that is why it doesn't exist. The controversy amoung ulema is whether someone who is born Muslim (not a revert because this doesn't apply ), raised as a Muslim, understands the religion, then rejects it and goes around in the community encouraging others to reject it can receive the death sentence after a trial in an Islamic Country and by a Muslim Jurist. This is the controversy. The death sentence wouldn't be carried out because they become an apostate. It would be carried out for a crime which is referred to by jurists as 'fasad fil ard' (spreading corruption on the earth). A crime would fit into this category if what they are doing is affecting the whole society in a negative way and pulling people away from the religion of Islam deliberately and not by accident or without knowledge. The analogy that is sometimes used for this crime is that if we are all in a boat in the middle of the ocean and someone starts to drill a hole in the boat, so that we all might drown as a result of that hole when the boat starts to sink, we have the right to stop that person from drilling the hole in the boat. If they won't stop voluntarily, we have the right to stop them involuntarily since we will all be harmed by their action. In a Muslim society, you have people of all different faith levels and knowledge levels. There are certain people who are venerable to those who 'sell' apostasy in a Muslim community since their arguments might sound attractive to those who are ignorant. So if the laws of the society are based on Islam, i.e. a Muslim country, then someone who is actively selling apostasy is actively undermining the foundation of the society. This is equivalent to collaborating with the enemy in a time of war. It is treason. In most countries, including the United States, the penalty for treason is death. This is well known. The definition of treason in the US is different because the basis for the laws in the US is not Islam, or actually any religion. At the same time, even in Muslim countries, like Iran, an apostate is not put to death immediately, as is sometimes falsely reported in the Western Media. They are given the option to stop broadcasting their views. If they don't stop, then they are asked to leave the country. If they continue and don't leave the country, then there is a trial in which evidence is presented, and then a determination is made as to a sentence. In most cases, even after that point, they are given many options, including the option just to stay silent on this subject. If after all this, they still stubbornly refuse, then in some cases the penalty is carried out, although even at this point, there is a difference of opinion amoung jurists as to what the penalty is or if there is even a penalty. So if someone disbelieves in God, widely broadcasts this opinion in an area where they know that the jurists are of the opinion that there is a penalty for apostasy, continues to do it and insists on it, and doesn't take any of the opportunities they are given to escape the punishment, well that is just foolish. Sorry. 4. I had the same opinion as you during the period when I left the Christian Church, as an active member, at 17 years old, and when I did my Shahada at 20. I considered myself an 'agnostic monotheist' at this stage. I always believed in God, but I didn't think that an entity like God, who is so different from us, would even care to communicate with us lowly human beings. The thing that convinced me that God does communicate with us was the Holy Quran. There are many verses in the Holy Quran that talk about facts of science, that are facts now, that were not known by anyone in the 6th century A.D. Things like the Big Bang, Plate Tectonics, The Water Cycle, the movement of the planets in space, the fact that the water of the oceans don't mix together, fact about embryology, etc, are all talked about in detail in the Quran. If a human being wrote the Quran, even if they guessed about these things and got some of them right, there is no possibility that they could have gotten all of them right and none of them wrong. It is not possible. Which means that a human being didn't write the Quran. It is revelation from God. If it is a revelation from God, that means that God communicates with us. If God communicates with us, that means God cares about us, and this fact is something everyone should be thankful for. So out of thankfulness for this fact, we should follow and obey God. That is Islam in a nutshell. As for the Addendum, yes, you might have initially joined the Communist Party, but if the teachings of the Communist Party were not in line with reality and the nature of yourself, eventually you would reach a point where the actions were not sufficient to sustain your faith. Then you would leave the Communist Party at that point, or would stay on only for the material benefits you were getting from this but your faith would be gone. In order for actions to sustain faith, what you have faith in must be in harmony with the reality of yourself and the world you live in, otherwise your belief and actions would fall out of sync. If they fell out of sync, this would undermine your faith and you would not believe it anymore. It would be like those cults, where the 'Dear Leader' sets him/herself up as the ideal human being who is seeking nothing but the good and benefit of their followers. The reason why most people eventually leave a cult is because those things are actually not true, and the 'Dear Leader' is only out for their own benefit and they are usually far from the ideal human being. Once people realize this they leave. Islam is the 'Deen Al Haqq', the religion that is based on truth and putting everything in it's proper place. When I say 'Islam' I mean the Holy Quran and authentic teachings of Prophet Muhammad as taught and explained to us by the Wali(Imam Ali) and the Ahl Al Bayt((عليه السلام)). If you find anything false in this, then you are allowed not to believe in it, but if you don't find anything false in it, then you are obliged to follow it. If this wasn't based on truth, you would find it like a cult, many followers at first then gradually shrinking over time. If something is based on truth, it only grows and expands with time. That is how you tell the difference. Islam started with one person, Prophet Muhammad(p.b.u.h) 1400 years ago. The second Muslim was a women, his wife Khajida(peace and blessings be upon her). The third was his nephew and the one he raised from a baby, Imam Ali(peace and blessings be upon him). For years these were the only three Muslims on earth. Now there are billions, and more every year. That is the difference.
  14. Salam Alekum(Peace be upon you), I am a revert myself. I was baptized and confirmed in the Lutheran Church (Missouri Synod if that makes any difference) and reverted to Islam when I was 20 years old after studying the religion for 2 years.. I grew up in Southern California and my first language is English, although I speak and understand some Spanish (being raised in California) Here are some of my thoughts on your above questions. 1) You don't have to understand everything about the Quran to say the Shahada. Most native speakers of Arabic (unless they have studied the religion in a formal, systematic way, which is a small minority) don't understand the Quran fully, or even partially. So in that sense, there is no difference between you as a Native English speaker and an Arabic speaker. The Arabic that most Arabs know is colloquial Arabic, which is basically a different language from formal Arabic, known as 'Fusha' that the Quran was written in. This was the Arabic language as it existed 1400 years ago during the time of Prophet Muhammad(p.b.u.h). This is sometimes also called Quranic Arabic. Of course, in terms of grammar and vocabulary there is some overlap with colloquial Arabic, but they are different languages, basically. For example, in Lebanese / Palestianian / Syrian / Jordanian colloquial Arabic the Phrase 'What do you want' is 'Shu badak'. In Quranic / Formal Arabic it is 'Ma tureed'. So as you can see there is alot of difference. The important thing, when it comes to the Shahada is to understand the meaning of what you are saying. The meaning of the Shahada, also called the Shahadatain (two witnessing) is that There is nothing worthy of worship except for God, God with a capital 'G' proper noun. God with a capital 'G' in arabic is Allah, a shortening of the phrase 'Al' (definite article) and 'ilah' (god). So the meaning of Allah is The God, i.e. the One and only God. The second part (the second witnessing) is that Muhammad(peace be upon him) is the Messenger of God. Prophet Muhammad was sent by God to guide humanity and whatever he said was true and correct and from God Almighty. This includes the Quran since we don't believe that Muhammad(p.b.u.h) wrote the Quran but God wrote the Quran using Muhammad(p.b.u.h) as a conduit or a channel in order to convey the Quran to humankind. So if you believe that Muhammad is a Messenger of God, then this includes believing in his Message which is the Quran and his Progeny, the Ahl Al Bayt((عليه السلام)). As per the famous hadith from Prophet Muhammad, 'I am leaving with you two weighty things, The Quran and My Progeny (Ahl Al Bayt). If you adhere to both of these you will never go astray'. So the Quran in the written Message of Prophet Muhammad and the Ahl Al Bayt are the living, breathing Message of Prophet Muhammad, which is the Message of Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى). If you believe this, then you are muslim, whether you know Arabic or not. Now, of course, learning the formal Arabic, fusha will help you deepen your knowledge of the religion, but it is not necessary to become a muslim. As for the proofs of the Prophethood, we can discuss those in another thread if you want to open one. If you don't believe that Prophet Muhammad was a Prophet, sent by God, then it is better to hold off doing the Shahada until you believe this, as this is a necessary belief in order for your Shahada to be accepted by God. 2. The community is more or less welcoming, depending on where you live and which masjid you attend. I would agree that, in general, the Shia communities are less welcoming than the Sunni communities. There are some reasons for that which might not be apparent to you at this point, but none of these reasons are 'iron clad' excuses not to be welcoming. About 70% of the reverts to Islam are women who were introduced to Islam thru a marriage relationship with a muslim man. Once these women are married, they are absorbed into whatever community there husband is a part of (Lebanese, Indo-Pak, Iranian, etc) and become an 'honorary' member of that community. So if you go to a masjid, there might be two or three reverts in the same masjid, but you would never know they existed. That fact, along with the fact that the revert community is very widely dispersed geographically is a challenge and probably one of the reasons why most people think reverts are a very small percentage of the muslim community in Western Countries. They are not the majority, but they are a significant minority within most communities. As far a having friends, I will admit this is probably the most challenging part of the reversion process. Yes, you will make friends, either reverts or other muslims, and this won't be a problem in the long term, but in the short term it can be a problem because you will, most likely end up losing non muslim friends who don't want to adjust themselves to your new beliefs. You may also lose some family members, again short term, because almost always when your family sees that you are not a 'terrorist', a 'wacko' and basically the same person you were before with just some slight differences (that are visible to them) they will want to reconnect. When you revert, you don't get a 'personality transplant' or a 'brain transplant'. You are still you, but with some extra (good) features and hopefully minus some previous bad features. 3. The punishment for apostasy is not death. This is only the opinion of the Salafi / Wahabi jurists. We Shia don't accept this, except under very specific conditions which don't apply to you and don't apply to 99% of those who have done this. At the same time, you need to understand that we don't believe faith is a 'stand alone' concept. Faith and works are interwoven together in your spirit. If you practice Islam your faith will become stronger, which will affect your actions and your actions will become better. It is virtuous cycle in which both these reinforce each other. That is why whenever someone became Muslim, Rasoulallah(p.b.u.h) Prophet Muhammad would first have the new revert take the ritual bath / shower called 'ghusl' and teach them two rakats (units) of the muslim prayer, called Salat in Arabic. This is so they could start acting on their new faith from the beginning so that it would become stronger. I have never heard of a case of someone leaving Islam without first leaving the main practices of Islam (Prayer, Fasting, Charity, etc). You've probably hear the phrase 'Rome wasn't built in a day'. I think this is applicable to your questions. It is not necessary to understand everything, or even most things about the religion in order to become muslim. If you believe there is nothing worthy of worship except God and that Muhammad is the Messenger of God then you are a muslim, whether you recognize yourself as one or not. To be a Shia, you need to add the belief that Imam Ali((عليه السلام)) is the Wali of God. The word Wali , in this context, means the one appointed by God to protect and strengthen and support the religion of Islam and the Ummah (muslim community) after Prophet Muhammad. The only question after that is what kind of muslim will you be.
  15. Ideally what you are saying is true, but the world where the norm is that the single man doesn't even fear doing haram, well, that is not the world we are living in. I wish it were. We have to act based on 'facts on the ground'. The real facts. Not what we want them to be. The real facts are so obvious to everyone who has lived in the world and/ or been on ShiaChat for 5 minutes. How many topics do we have 'I am addicted to porn / masturbation' or 'I had a girlfriend / boyfriend and I want to end the relationship', etc. At least in the West, where I live, this is actually the norm. I am talking about muslims. not non muslims (non muslims have went way, way beyond this into corruption we can't even imagine). The only reason everyone does not realize that this is the norm is because either they don't want to see it or they don't want to admit it, believing that it would encourage the minority who is not doing this to do it. The topic of this thread is another proof. I have been on here long enough for most everyone to realize that I am definitely not encouraging the minority to do this, but I am merely stating a fact. So the norm is beyond fear of haram, it is actual haram. The fear of haram is for that minority group who has managed to hold out from doing haram despite the strong pull of society in the direction of haram. They are the ones who have managed to swim upstream against a strong current, may Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى) continue to bless them. The only way you can go forward toward a goal, either as an individual or a society, if first recognizing where you are (really) at currently. This is where we are at, unfortunately. We now need to figure out how to move forward.
  16. The prisoner thing is a seperate issue which we discussed before. I know in that case it is not in their hands, and Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى) is AL Gafoor, Al Rahim. As far as someone who has their freedom, and especially those men who have a job, money, car, etc, their situation is not the same as a prisoner. Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى) gives freedom with responsibility and accountability. Those who have more freedom are more accountable and have more responsibility before Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى) to stick to the Haqq and not deviate from it. A man who is healthy, sane, has some financial independence, and has freedom of movement such as a car, a place to live, etc, doesn't have much of an excuse. Especially those who live in the West who have lots of opportunities to do Mutah. Mutah was made halal by Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى) for exactly this type of situation, where a man is single but does not have a way to marry permenantly because of different types of situations. Masturbation / Pornography is such as huge problem today and one of the main reasons is that most younger brothers and sisters don't have the courage to have a real and frank discussion with their parents about the subject. I know it is uncomfortable and hard to do, but life is full of uncomfortable and hard things that have to be done at one point or another. If brothers and sisters don't get used to doing this when they are young, they will have all sorts of problems in their life. These young brothers and sisters need to be honest with their parents and tell them to look up the fiqh ruling of their marjaa' in regards to marriage. All of them say basically the same thing. If a person is falling into haram as a result of not being married, it is WAJIB for them to marry. Marry means any type of marriage, permenant or temporary. If they are doing haram, they don't need to go into details with their parents, but they need to say 'This fatwa applies to me'. I would tell them 'Mom, Dad, Salat is wajib. Are you going to tell me to wait 5 or 6 years to do Salat, Fasting, etc'. No they would never tell you this, but when it comes to marriage they will say that. It makes no sense, either from a logical or religious point of view. It is only happening because people accept the status quo and say 'well that's just the way things are'. Its only the way things are because people accept that. It doesn't have to be. The main thing parents are afraid of is their 'reputation' in the community. Let's be honest, it has very little to do with their children. If they were honest they would say that. When they are 'questioned' about their children by the 'community' police force (you know who I'm talking about, the chatty aunties club) they don't want to have to say that their son didn't have his M.S. or Ph.d or MD and a 3000 square foot house in the nicer suburb with two new cars and then got married to a virgin for the first time so that they are viewed as 'less than' or 'inferior to' Brother X or Brother Y who just got married and has these things. This is the main concern, not the deen of their children. This kind of 'community' culture has become toxic to the point where young brothers and sisters are leaving the religion all together rather than having to deal with this. You can't make one mold or one prototype for marriage and try to squeeze everyone into it. It doesn't work, and it destroys people in the process. Unless there is a serious attempt to confront this type of toxic community culture based on love for the dunya in the disguise of Islam, nothing will ever change. Marriage was made easy in Islam for a very good reason. It is only this toxic culture that makes it difficult or impossible. To actually get married, you only need 4 things. 1) Tawakul. Reliance on Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى). With Tawakul, the impossible becomes possible. A good example of this is the founding of the Islamic Republic of Iran. Shia brothers and sisters should study this revolution and see how the entire world was lined up to destroy this revolution and Imam Khomeni(رضي الله عنه), and they failed and Imam succeeded despite overwhelming odds. This was due to Tawakul 2) Niyyat. Proper intention to get married. Seeking of Halal marriage with the sincere intention to do this when the opportunity presents itself 3) Flexibility. Seek out opportunities for marriage wherever they present themselves. Don't just look at the traditional routes. Be open to new routes. Also, don't have in your mind a fixed idea of a spouse and think this is the only person I will marry. Have maximum flexibility in those areas where it is possible to be flexible and you will widen your pool of opportunities and marriage will become easier. 4) Work. You need to actually seek out the opportunities, follow up, go to events, etc. It takes work = time + effort + energy. If you are not willing to put in the work, then the above 3 are irrelevant. You need to actually do the things you need to do in order to make an opportunity into a reality. The fifth one is deen(Islam and specifically following path of Ahl Al Bayt((عليه السلام))) but I am assuming this one because this is a Shia website. At the same time, without following Islam and teaching of Ahl Al Bayt((عليه السلام)) in general, the other 4 become irrelevant. So whenever you want to get married, look at your hand, (five fingers) and repeat to yourself Deen(the thumb and most important as the thumb is the most important part of your hand), Tawakul, Niyyat, Flexibility, and Work. Now with those 5 fingers you can grab the halal marriage relationship. If someone does those 4 things, it won't be too long before they are married. I have actually never personally known of anyone, even those in difficult situation, who did these things and was not married within a year. One of the best times to make the niyyat to start this process is the Arbaeen, which is coming up shortly. Imam Hussein((عليه السلام)) stood on the plains of Karbala facing an army of 30,000 and he had 72. Despite these odds, he accomplished his goal, which was to save the religion of Islam and the teachings of his grandfather, Rasoulallah(p.b.u.h) from those who wished to deviate and corrupt the teachings. Begin with asking Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى) by the Haqq of Aba Abdillah((عليه السلام)) and the sacrifice he made for the religion, and you will be successful with the help of Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى).
  17. I don't agree. Iran is being intelligent and studying the situation to see who ends up in charge of Taliban, if they stay as one government or splinter into different groups fighting each other. Based on recent history, I think Taliban government will split up soon after it is formed with different groups within Taliban fighting with each other for control. So they will do the work for Iran. Then once this happens, some other kind of government will form. I think this is what Iran is waiting for. To go in now, when Taliban is somewhat united will only further unite them against a common enemy, making them stronger.
  18. Two that I know of Zahra Trust. They do various charity projects around the world. Focus is on Iraq and Yemen. https://zahratrust.org/ Share International. Poverty relieif and education projects. Focus is on Pakistan and India https://shareglobalcharity.org/
  19. When they say 'defense', you have to ask who are they defending ? Most people believe its the American people. If you look at the last few wars we had, you will come to believe this is not true. The last two wars, Afghanistan and Iraq, neither of those countries attacked us and neither had the ability or the will to do significant damage to the US. So why were we there ? For the Big Oil companies (Shell, Chevron, etc) and Military Contractors (Lockheed, Northrup Gruman, Blackwater, Boeing, GE, etc). If you want to risk your life to defend these companies and forward their interests, go ahead. I don't think it's too wise, though. BTW, if America was attacked by another country and this attack threatened the lives of American people on a large scale, I would have no problem going into the Army and fighting. That is a big 'if' , i.e. if any country is stupid enough to do that, given the current strength of the US Armed Forces. But if it happened, I would have no problem. What notme said about the Army is true, I have many family members that have served in the mililary. They basically said the same thing.
  20. It says in the Quran clearly, 'They will be judged according to what they did'. Now at the same time, yes, society does have an effect, and this will be taken into consideration. How much of an effect this is or this has, only Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى) knows. That is why we are taught to avoid sin altogether because we don't know which of the sins will be overlooked (for various reasons) and which we will be judged harshly for. Even in Muslim societies, there are huge pressures to sin, although these might not be the same sins you are discussing. There might be a huge pressure to do gheeba (backbiting), take or ask for bribes, which is fraud, steal from family, customers, etc. So I don't think these societies are 'purer' in the way you are talking about. They are only pure if the people in those societies decide to reject these influences to sin and to follow what Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى) has ordered. It is very rare for this to happen on a society level. It is usually only the case on an individual level or within a small family, community within the society.
  21. I was going to respond, then I read the above and didn't feel it necessary. Thank you brother for saving me a few minutes. BTW, this is a common approach I have seen too many times to count by those who are already inclined to leave Shiism and just need that little 'push'. The approach they use is I'm going to bring up every doubt I have every had in my mind in one post. Prove all these doubts wrong in a few minutes or I'm leaving. So they are asking the impossible, then when someone cannot do it, they say 'See, Shi'ism is wrong'. That's why I usually don't respond to these kinds of posts. That's why you notice that our Imams((عليه السلام)) were approached constantly with similar questions. They have literally been answered multiple times by each Imam. If someone doesn't want to read the answers and would rather take their religion from a youtube video, that's up to them. I wouldn't advise it, though. THe issue of Taqiyya is the one most often brought up. I think this one deserves it's own thread, if the OP would want to continue the discussion.
  22. You have some valid points but I don't know if I agree with this 100%. First, there comes a time in every young adults life where they want to leave their parent's house. That is natural, whether their parents are angels sent from heaven or demons sent from hell. Young adults have a strong desire to 'strike out on their own' and make their own life and their own family. If the parents are abusive or cruel (i.e. don't create a nurturing environment) then a lady might marry a guy that she doesn't really want to be with just to get out of the house. Of course, in this case, you would be right about the parents and it would be a bad decision on her part. As far as 'assimilating' into Western society, that depends on your definition of assimilating. If by 'assimiliating' you mean to give Western values priority over Islamic values, then I disagree with you about that. If by 'assimilating' you mean taking the parts of Western culture that are part of Islam but are not currently practiced in many Muslim countries and giving high value to those, then yes I agree with you. The Islamic value (it's not only cultural but it is part of Islam) is that a women should leave her parent's house when she gets married and not before that. There are many religious and many practical and safety reasons for that. I am not saying there are no exceptions to this, and if a women can support herself financially, can live in a place where she is safe, and her parents are abusive toward her, then yes, she is better off living on her own. Otherwise, she is better off living with her parents until she gets married. A women who leaves her parent's house with a thought in her mind to 'assimilate' or be 'free' when there is no good reason to do this will quickly find out that she is not as 'free' as she thought she would be and also she is making it more difficult for herself if she wants to marry in the future. The reason why is because, speaking from a man's perspective, a guy who is mumin would ask why she is living by herself (i.e. without her parents). If she doesn't have a good answer for this (like she was abused, etc), then the guy is going to assume different things about her that may or may not be correct, and a mumin guy would never say anything but would keep to himself, but nevertheless he probably wouldn't marry her, deeming this too risky given the living situation. This might not be the best way to think about the situation, but this is what the reality is. The guys she is most likely to attract are guys who do not want to start a family with her or make a long term commitment. So if she doesn't not want to put herself in that situation, then IMHO, she should stay with her parents.
  23. No. If 99% of women who were thinking of marriage were honest with you, these would be somewhere on their list. Maybe not the top spot, but somewhere. As long as you asses her character, and you find she is mumina, then I don't think there would be any issue. The only reason you think it's an issue is because most women, and most men are not completely honest about their reasons for getting married. The potential spouses character is much more important than their reasons. Now if she would say "Because I want to post my wedding pictures on my social media accounts (Facebook, Instagram, etc) and get more followers / views" then I might have second thoughts.
  24. Salam Brother, I think I know enough about your story from previous posts to speculate what you mean by this. Please correct me if my assumptions are wrong. Your life before Islam seems similar to mine in many ways. I had the same concerns as you have regarding marriage. I also don't want to 'confess' in an open forum, but I will just say that those things made it more difficult for me early in my married life. At the same time, we go thru these spiritual struggles, whether we are married or single. You can't avoid them, as they are part of this dunya. Saying I am going to live in this world and avoid spiritual struggles / periodic crisis is like saying I am going to live on this earth without eating or drinking. You can avoid it for a while, but eventually it happens. You will either choose a meal and eat it, or you will be force fed thru a feeding tube. Either way, it will happen. Marriage is that spiritual test that you choose voluntarily. Being single is like the test that is forced on you against your will. That's how I think about it anyway. I was talking to my wife who grew up in a completely different environment than I did. Mother, father, brothers, sisters. Father worked and supported the family. Mother stayed at home and took care of the kids. Middle class family (in Lebanon). Her father paid for her to go to religious (Shia) school in suburbs of Beirut. She had no 'experiences' before marriage and never even talked to a boy (outside of 'hi, Salam Alekum) who wasn't mahram to her before she got married. She never went anywhere without either her father or one of her brothers going with her. She basically went to school, came home, and socialized only with family. She never did anything that typical American teenagers do. She never experimented with 'substances', never went to a punk rock show, etc. She is very intelligent, and very curious about the world, and other peoples experiences. This is one of my favorite things about her, but it is also a spiritual test. Now never having done any of those things, with no challenges to overcome, you would expect her spiritual life to be calm and serene, but it isn't. She constantly wonders about what it would have been like to live my life as a teenager and young adult (which was completely different from hers and took place on the opposite side of the world) and feels like she 'missed out' on something because she never had any of these experiences. Every time we talk about it, I tell her 'No it wasn't a big deal, you didn't miss anything, there are alot of 'bad' parts of these experiences that you would never want to go thru, etc'. Some of the things that happened, I don't tell her because I don't want her to worry about me too much(even though these things happened years ago). No matter how much I tell her about this, she only 'half way' believes me and thinks that there is some spectacular part of my life that she was denied. So she is constantly wondering about this. This is her test. It's different than mine. Mine is probably more like yours. What I am trying to say is that most of the things that we think about and worry about as part of our spiritual test are actually just fantasy land and nonsense that is racing around in our mind. It has no reality to it. It is a test. We will go thru tests no matter what we do. It's better to go thru tests and trials with someone who you have a deep love and respect for, as a partner who you can lean on at certain times, and who also leans on you at other times. This kind of relationship is something I don't think anyone should be without. At least keep yourself open to marriage. Don't say 0% chance. Maybe change 0% to 1% and maybe things might start to happen which pull your life into a better place.
  25. Imam Sadiq (and other Imams((عليه السلام))) have repeated this hadith that a momin should always be between 'Kauf' wa 'Raj3a', between fear and hope. Meaning they should always fear that maybe the next sin that they do, Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى) will say 'This is too much, I will not forgive them this time' AND (at the very same time) believes with all their heart that Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى) will forgive them. The fear is what will stop someone from doing a sin, until eventually they will give up the sin, though it may take a long time (years or decades). There are many hadiths that say that it is only thru this fear that someone will eventually stop sinning. The hope will ensure that they do not become pessimistic so that they mistakenly believe that they have done the sin too much, or it is too big of a sin for Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى) to forgive. If you are between fear and hope, then you are in the Haqq and on guidance from Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى). Going too far either way, toward the fear side (believing that Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى) will never forgive you) or the hope side (believing, mistakenly, like some Christians do, that you can do anything you want and God will forgive you because of your belief) you will be astray from the Sirat Al Mustakeem. As long as you have regret and shame in your heart for the sin that you committed, that means that there is hope in being forgiven. When you should worry is when you do a sin and it becomes small in your eyes so you don't feel you need to ask for forgiveness.
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