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In the Name of God بسم الله

Mohammad farid

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  1. God knows through ilm al huduri or knowledge by presence Since God knows himself and he is the cause of everything and his essence implies creation by knowing his infinite self he has the knowledge of everything that his essence entails so his What you're thinking about is prupositional knowledge Which we don't affirm for God as that would limit his knowledge and he wouldn't be an infinite in all respects Salam alykum wa rahmatullah hi wa barakatu
  2. Critics of the Doctrine of Divine Simplicity (DDS) argue that if DDS is true, then, the divine attribute of knowledge is identical to the divine attribute of power. And if the attribute of knowledge is identical to the attribute of power, then, the scope of knowledge is the same as the scope of power. But divine knowledge applies to both the contingent beings, as well as the Essence of the Necessary-in-itself, because the First Truth knows both the contingent beings, that are His effects, and He also apprehends or perceives His [own] Essence, whereas divine power only applies to that which is possible-in-itself, and does not apply to that which is impossible-in-itself nor to the Necessary in itself. Hence, it is not appropriate to say that the First Truth has power over His [own] Essence. But if the First Truth does not have power over His [own] Essence, then, the scope of power is not identical to the scope of knowledge, that is to say, that the attribute of power is not the same as the attribute of knowledge, and, therefore, DDS is false. The above argument erroneously presupposes that divine power does not apply to the Necessary in itself. Divine Power can be considered in relation to that which is other than the First Truth (i.e the possible-in-itself and the impossible-in-itself), and it can also be considered in relation to the First Truth. The applicability of divine power to the possible-in-itself is not in need of any explanation, and the impossible-in-itself is impossible with respect to existence, from the aspect of primary predication, but it is possible-in-itself with respect to existence, from the aspect of common predication, in which respect it is an accident, since it is a psychic quality or a knowledge form, as has been discussed elsewhere [refer to ]. And as far as the question of the applicability of divine power to the Essence of the First Truth is concerned, then, let it be known, that the First Truth has the power to know His [own] Essence, through which He knows Himself, and, therefore, divine power applies to the Essence of the First Truth as well, and, consequently, the scope of power is the same as the scope of knowledge, that is to say, that the attribute of power is identical to the attribute of knowledge, and Divine Simplicity is true. If it is said that power is the emanation of the act, from the essence of the agent, with the agent’s knowledge and will, then, we would respond by saying that this description of power is true when considered in relation to the contingent beings, but when considered in relation to the Essence of the First Truth, power is the ability of the Necessary in itself to apprehend His [own] Essence.
  3. No one is interested in hearing your interpretation of quran. As for logical you don't accept rationale reasoning to be a source of morality so any rationale argument you bring 1. Will be inductive 2. Be self refuting Most of what you're saying here is conjecture next time read what you're sending before sending it
  4. I have been trained in reading the Quran by my salafi teacher back when I was 9. It was in the Nafi' qira'at I have forgotten some of the rules and was thinking about starting again (keep in mind I don't know how to understand arabic only read) Which qira'at did the imams read? also are there any online learning resources for these qira'at (preferably free I am a broke high school student lol)
  5. 1. There are a lot of Muslims that don't understand Arabic myself included this doesn't hinder your relationship with Allah 2. Tell them you are a revert they will treat you with the best of respect. In my own community when I became a shia people bought me McDonald's, gave me an English quran, gave me a turbah, gave me a few books, and they gave me a tasbeeh. Trust me you won't get a cold reception 3. As for the death penalty to apostates that only applies to free men who were born of 2 Muslims and have been Muslim since birth so the death penalty won't apply to you. May Allah bless and guide you dear brother
  6. Jazakallah brother I still have a few more narrations if you don't mind me asking I am a sayed and if I rise up in jihad and proclaim myself to be an imam, will I be an imam? And I understand that term rafiddi started out with zayddi shias and that you (in general as a sect) hold a lot of contempt for ithna asharis Is there any reason for this? Because Iraq became majority ithna ashari in the 13th century and Zayd ibn Ali (عليه السلام) revolution happened 600 years before that so why exactly is the blame placed on the ithna Asharis? What do you think of the current houthi militia in Yemen, do they hold up to zaydi beliefs and doctrine?
  7. The first people to claim the hadith had 80 chains was sunnah discourse if I remember properly but they didn't back it up with any proof, I don't think there is a hadith where imam Ali as praises Abu bakr and omar that has 80 chains. It is most likely a lie to create false virtues for the so called rightly guided. If there is such a hadith do link its source so the brothers in the forum can analyse it and find its truthfulness. May the peace of Allah be upon you dear brother
  8. I am not the most well equipped person in ilm al rijaal so take my opinion how you will there are many hadith with weak chains in the link you provided so I will only be focusing on the strong chains. They all lead back to Abdullah ibn salimah, Abu juhaifah and Abd khair. These were all supporters of the so called rightly guided caliphs so it is very possible they fabricated these traditions. As for the hadith that Abu bakr and umar are leaders of the elderly of Paradise, we know that hadith to be false because everyone will be a youth in Jannah. The hadith from ibn Abbas is also false because Imam Ali as was locked in a room for 3 days after the death of Omar in the "shura" for the next caliph. The claim that there 80+ chains is a claim I have heard before however I have researched this claim and found it to be a false one, next time a sunni tells claims such a thing ask him to bring the source for these 80 chains. Now we do have an actual mutawattir hadith where he AS criticises the first 3 caliphs which is the sermon of shaqsiffiyah which I am sure you are aware of. Also there is a hadith in sahih Muslim where Omar says that imam Ali as thought of Abu bakr as a liar, sinner and treacherous person if Omar thinks Imam Ali as thought this there must be some truth to the claim. And there is also another hadith which I don't remember exactly so I am paraphrasing. Someone said to Imam Ali as we will pledge allegiance to you as caliph if you follow the sunnah of the Prophet sawa, the quran and the sunnah of the two sheikhs (Abu bakr and omar) and imam Ali as said I will follow the sunnah of the Prophet and the quran but not of the two sheikhs This means that imam Ali as thought that Omar and Abu bakr didn't follow the quran and the sunnah otherwise why would he reject them? The tradition from Mohammad SA is worrisome and I am sure some brother that is learned in ilm al rijaal can refute the tradition based upon a weakness in the chain. But as it stands there are more (authentic) haidth of imam Ali as criticising Abu bakr and omar than praising them. Allah the Almighty and exalted knows best
  9. Thank you brother for the quick response however this still doesn't clear up some of my doubts Imam Jafar as is the imam most narrated from for our madhab if all the people that narrate from him lived in Iraq than how do we have so many narrations from him? I would appreciate if you or a brother/sister learned in this specific matter could give a more detailed answer. May Allah bless you
  10. So a frequent claim by other shia sects and sunnis like sunnah discourse is that the companions of Imam Jafar as lived in Iraq while the Imam lived in medina, so that means they never met him and frequently lied about him and attributed falsehood to him. Does anybody care to refute this argument?
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