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In the Name of God بسم الله

Joshua Bin Medellin

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    Islam
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    Qur'an Exegis, eschatology, Biblical studies

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  1. So when I heard the bit about how the Gospels were created later than many of Paul's letters i wanted to see for myself what may depict the True chronological order of the New testament books, rather than the accepted order in which they are in today. I followed more or less this website which also shows when they were written. The conclusion being is that many of the Epistles and letters of Paul set up the culture & ideology that would inform how to shape the bulk of the Gospels. 1. The Book of James (which unsurprisingly many Muslims who read this say is closest to Islam in terms of its teachings and of course James being the Brother of Jesus, for those who believe that) 2. 1 Thessalonians 3. 2 Thessalonians 4. Galatians 5. 1 Corinthians 6. 2 Corinthians 7. Romans 8. Philippians 9. Colossians 10. Philemon 11. Ephesians 12. Luke 13. The Acts 14. 1 Timothy 15. Titus 16. 2 Timothy 17. Mark 18. Matthew 19. Hebrews 20. 1 Peter 21. 2 Peter 22. Jude 23. Revelations 24. John 25. 1 John 26. 2 John 27. 3 John
  2. The relationship of heart and action (one's deeds and duties, ie one's works) is sacred; they rely on each other and what affects one will affect the other and vice versa. To divorce heart from action and its reciprocal is similarly like separating mother from child and child from mother, or like that of separating matter from energy/motion and vice versa, which in various circumstances may prove harmful for all involved, or a misunderstanding for all variables involved, In the passage you cite regarding the Pharisee and Tax Collector, Jesus((صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم)) is not criticizing the Pharisees "good works" but the very thing that nullifies or destroys his good works - the pride that makes the Pharisee look down upon the Tax Collector in terms of deeds. Maybe the Pharisee looks down on the Tax Collector for unlawful usury (which is forbidden in the law), or for taxing heavily the very poor who have very little or no way of paying the tax collector. The Law still stands as Jesus ((صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم)) stated in Matthew 5:17, but what is also required for the obedient is to be humbled before God. If we are not humble in our duties we fall into sin that wipes away the good we have done, it is best to obey the Law and be pious and humble, not prideful nor haughty. These are also the teachings of Muhammad((صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم)) and the 14 Infallibles(عليه السلام). The separation of things and phenomena is known as Dualism, in which things exist independently and without relation to each other - much of this philosophy was derived from the Greeks and accepted by the Romans and incorporated into Christian theological philosophy itself, and yet Jesus((صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم)) own words and deeds upholds and defends the unity of these interrelated things, especially that of heart relying on action and action relying on the heart.
  3. Assalaamu alaykum I completely agree with this sentiment. I heard this interview and thought Dr. Ataie did a great job in terms of analysis of Isaiah 42, and how it connects with Cyrus the Great, and Prophet Muhammad ((صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم)). However i felt disheartened when he brought up the point about Shi'ism. I didn't quite understand what he was talking about but the tone of it made me think he was dismissing Shi'ism.
  4. These "translations" of the Qur'an are misguidance of the actual meanings behind the ayats referenced. Someone from "answering islam" has taken liberty to give false meanings to the words to give the mischaracterization of Allah(سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى). All of these ayats, if one investigates, meaning blessings, bless, to give blessings, and not to offer "prayers".
  5. I'm not an expert in Hebrew, but I gathered that the Hebrew אֶחָֽד׃ for echad/ehad has more than one meaning than ascribed to here and that it also includes the meaning for Absolute. Jews for Judaism website lists the verses in the Hebrew Bible where it describes this exactly in such contexts, upon which it makes the argument that in relation to Deut 6:4 from the Shema, it does not refer to a single entity made up in a compound sense, but in an Absolute sense and it appears from other areas I have read that this Absolute definition of ehad is used for God, but can not be compared to what He creates (ie, one day). Similarly the word for One in Arabic is ahad and Surah Ihklas (112) describes the tawhid of Allah perfectly, better than I can describe because neither am I an expert in Arabic (although personally this is a condition that i am working to change). The Qur'an states that it was specifically delivered in Arabic in order for the just meaning of the message to be delivered - and that is why translations of the Qur'an are not considered to be the Qur'an. Even without knowing the Arabic, there are many who are experts in the subtleties of the language that in exegesis can clearly elaborate for those who don't know. Found this blog on the Arabic for the word Ahad which is broken down into its finer parts (especially from Surah 112). Note: I saw that the page I cited regarding Ahad is quite long, so I'll cite the main part that pertains to the breakdown of Ahad with other terms associated with the concept of tawhid:
  6. Surah 2.2-5 are a few passages out of many that are described in the Qur'an, but essentially boils down to obeying Allah's commands, and not too surprising (or perhaps surprising to those Christians who do not know) they bear striking similarity to the Beatitudes, part of the Sermon on the Mount in the book of Matthew.
  7. tek91, The concept of Oneness (Unity) is central and sacred in Islam, but it is also sacred in the Torah(and Tanak), and in the words of Jesus(a) in the Gospels, which can be found basically in Deut 6:4 and Mark 12:29. The concept of Trinity and that Jesus is God as introduced by various Christian Councils and decrees over the nature of the divinity in Jesus violates the concept of Oneness in Islam, tawhid. There are various exegesis that explains this better than I can, although I have mentioned Ayatollah Subhani in my previous post regarding Imam Ali(a)'s response to the Jewish rabbis and how he upheld the concept of tawhid, which imo is excellent, although he only cites it to demonstrate Imam Ali(a)'s authority and leadership (Resplendence of Wilayah). The concept of tawhid is so vital, God intervenes when mankind goes astray apart from his Oneness as a guide and as a mercy and that is why the Qur'an states that Prophet Muhammad(صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) is a mercy given to the world. It is meant to guide humanity back to the Unity of God; Allah's Oneness. This is Love from our Creator, whom is our salvation to whom we turn torwards (Surah al-Fatihah) and Allah guides whom He wills.
  8. Before Creation, what is there to ascent and descent? Allah(سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى) knows best. Just as Ruach is Hebrew for Spirit in Hebrew Bible the Ruh is the same in Arabic in the Qur'an. However there several dimensions to the word and how it is used - which I myself am curious to know more about (and hopefully will learn more about through further classes on the Qur'an). Through a tafsir class I attended, it was made evident that the Ruh was a creature of Allah and acts on behalf of Allah when Allah commands such as in Surah 3.59. The following ayats elaborates how Allah employs the Ruh in the support of Jesus(a) for his mission on earth: Ayat 2.253: Ayat 4.171: Ayat 5.110: Considering, from the our Islamic point of view, that the Qur'an corrects all the other Scriptures that were changed and corrupted, I find the following from "Resplondence of Wilayah" by Ayatollah Ja'far Subhani to be quite interesting when renowned Rabbi's in the time of Abu Bakr asked the Caliphate on where God is. Here is the text: The text goes on to mentioned the Jewish rabbis being impressed with Imam Ali's (a) response and saw that he was the true successor to the prophet (sawa). Ayatollah Subhani goes on and elaborates on Imam Al's(a) response and how this response upholds the tawhid, the Oneness of God. The logic is simple yet profound, in that if God is the Spirit that can be located (above the waters ie) - that location itself would also need to be eternal or else created by God aside from God, but tawhid says there is no one aside from God, nor a partner to Him. The Torah affirms this as well there is no one besides HASHEM. So yes, When Jesus(a) spoke of God, being one and quoting Deuteronomy 6:4 that HASHEM is one and only and Surah 112: Then, Allah is the same in Torah, Injil and the Qur'an. Alhamdulilah
  9. I watched this video and thought it apropos to post here in this section as it is from an ex-Christian now Muslim. I thought it spoke truth. I hope this posts correctly - I've never posted a video on this site before. Alhamdulilah The Truth About St. Paul
  10. Not sure if anyone addressed this but I was curious as well and found Kitab-e-Sulaym Ibn-Qays Al-Hilali - which I am uncertain if this is an authentic text for others to read. May Allah(سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى) forgive me if i am wrong for posting this as I am no scholar and i have no credentials in verifying authentic and inauthentic hadiths, although my intent was to provide what i found as an answer to this question and Allah(سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى) knows best. Hadith No. 5 Aban ibn Abi Ayyash has narrated from Sulaym ibn Qays al Hilali: Sulaym said: “I heard Salman Farsi saying: “On the Day of Judgment, Iblis will be brought with rein made of fire. ZUFER will be brought with two reins of fire attached. Iblis will go to him and will scream and say; “May your mother cry for you, who are you? I am the one who involved Awwaleen and Aakhireen in discord but I have only one rein and you have two?” So he will say: “I am the one who ordered and was obeyed, and I disobeyed God’s command.” NOTE: Allamah Majlisi (ar) in Bihar, volume 22, page 223 writes: ZUFER is Umar and HIBTAR is his companion. Because the weight of ZAFAR is the same as Umar. HIBTAR means fox, which is very cheating (cunning) - his companion (Abu Bakr) was a cheater (cunning).
  11. In only pointing to the words of Prophet Jesus(a), he often spoke and related to those he taught in parables as part of what was revealed to him by Allah(سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى) just as we find in Aesop's fables the kernels of wisdom & truth encapsulated by the personification of animals in tribulation and stories, not meant to be taken literally, but neither to be dismissed outright as fiction - but for moments of deep reflection and contemplation.
  12. Assalaamu alaykum Very breifly there wasn't much to the dream it more like just seeing an image but stayed with me while I slept. I saw only a woman before me in what seems to be either a black chador or khimar - I couldn't quite tell, but it was all black. It was as if she was looking at me - but I couldn't see her face. but where her face was- it was white and glowing and I felt as if she was in mourning (and obsviously I took that to be mourning over Imam Hussain(عليه السلام) and his sacrifice.) At first I thought perhaps she was Lady Zainab(عليه السلام) and then wondered if it was Lady Fatima(عليه السلام) - although I think it may have been lady Zainab(عليه السلام). I just know that whoever i was looking at - she was holy, pious and in deep grief. I'm not sure if this means good or bad for me in having this dream, but i wish i could tell you more about it but that is all I can recall.
  13. Hello Brother, I believe there is a large misunderstanding in how Christians view the Hebrew Bible and label it as Old Testament and how Jews view their own Bible without all the filters of post-Masoretic translations/scripture changes/renderings via the Septuagint (Greek Empire) and the Latin Vulgate (Roman Empire) of the deep Christian past. Compare for instance any modern Christian Bible with that of the Tanakh and its direct English translation from the Hebrew - and arrive at the Hebrew Bible as to how a Jewish person would actually view it. They would not pick up a Christian Bible to view and understand their own scriptures. The Christian researcher has to go beyond the barrier of Septuagint and Latin Vulgate that was put in place so many centuries ago. Facing and confronting this barrier of a colonized and usurped religion of Judah during times of upheaval and subjugation of Oppressor Nations/Empires is highly problematic for the Christian, but it must be done and can be done.
  14. Quite interesting. I don't have a D-R translation of the Bible, although I do have a Revised Standard Version. Not sure how they may be different with regards to the translation, although I believe D-R would be the one to use if i am seeking the closest translation from the Latin Vulgate, with regard to the Bible. Insofar as the Hebrew Bible is concerned (Christians call it Old Testament) I've been using the Masoretic Tanak from ArtScroll (Or JPS Tanak) and relying on Jewish commentary on the books rather than any Christian translation/commentary of them. Just looking at the footnote for the Tanakh on Genesis 6:4 they simply refer to Nephilim as meaning giants with a reference to Numbers 13:33. However a Rabbinic commentary solely on Genesis/Bereishis might be reveal more information behind this particular verse, which at the moment I don't have.
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