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In the Name of God بسم الله

Jawid Akbari

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  1. Like
    Jawid Akbari got a reaction from UndercoverBrother in Non Syed and Syeda marriage   
    There is no problem in the marriage between a sayed and a non-sayed. If you go through history, you will find sayed men who had married non-sayed women and also sayed girls who had married non-sayed men. For example, the wives of the Prophet (ﷺ) and also those of the Imams were mostly non-sayed.  A clear example of the marriage of a sayed girl to a non-sayed man is Zainab daughter of the Prophet's aunt to Zaid bin Haretha. The Quran has explicitly and clearly made reference to it. Another instance is the marriage of Zabagha, the granddaughter of Abdul Muttalib with Meghdad as has been clearly reported in the traditions. It has been clearly stated under the narration that the Prophet (ﷺ) said: "I have done this only to promote marriage and remove restrictions and limitations" Many of the religious authorities of our time like Ayatollah Khoei and Ayatollah Gulpaigani who were Sayeds and from the descendants of Zahra married out their daughters to non-Sayed men.
  2. Thanks
    Jawid Akbari got a reaction from Hameedeh in Which Marja Do You Follow? (Vote in Anonymous Poll!)   
    It is always necessary to follow the most learned Mujtahid. There are three ways of identifying the most learned Mujtahid:
    a)one is himself a learned person and is able to identify a Mujtahid or an A'lam;
    b) when two persons, who are learned and just and possess the capacity to identify a Mujtahid or the A'lam, confirm that a person is a Mujtahid or an A'lam, provided that two other learned and just persons do not contradict them.
    c)when a number of learned persons who possess the capacity to identify a Mujtahid or an A'lam, certify that a particular person is a Mujtahid or an A'lam, provided that one is satisfied by their statement.
  3. Like
    Jawid Akbari got a reaction from Hameedeh in Shahadat e salisa   
    It is Mustahab to recite ashhadu anna alian waliullah in Adhan and Iqamah but it is not a part of either Adhan or Iqama. You should note that you cannot recite the third testimony as a part of Adhan and Iqamah, otherwise it is not permissible. There are some religious authorities who do not recite the third testimony in either Adhan and Iqamah. One of those scholars is Ayatollah Shubairi Zanjani who is leading congregational prayers in the shrine of Bibi Ma'sumah in the holy city of Qom.
  4. Thanks
    Jawid Akbari got a reaction from Hameedeh in Shahadat e salisa   
    As a student of religion and jurisprudence, I request all my Pakistani and Indian brothers to read carefully the Resalahs (Manuals of Islamic Laws) authored by religious authorities such as Grand Ayatollah Khamenei and Grand Ayatollah Sistani. None of the prominent religious authorities has ever allowed the recitation of the third testimony in Tashahhud. Grand Ayatollah Sistani, for example, says, "You must not recite third testimony (Ashhadu anna alian waliullah) in prayers, as an obligatory precaution. You should perform your Tashahhud in the same way as prescribed by a qualified Mujtahid in his book of Islamic Laws." [See Q & A on www.sistani.org]
    Read late Imam Khomeini's book of Islamic Laws (Resalah) and you will find nothing as to indicate that reciting the third testimony in Tashahhud is permissible. It should be noted that we do not have the right to add anything to the prayers despite that thing being very much true or even a basic part of our religious beliefs. The shape and form prayers should remain intact and must not be tampered with. If someone knowingly adds to the prayer what is not a part of the prayer, his prayer becomes void.
    Unfortunately, the contention and debate concerning the third testimony has caused disunity among Shia communities in Pakistan and India with some laymen trying to somehow influence Shia clerics by putting pressure on them to recite the third testimony in prayers. Some have given in to the pressure. 
    Why aren't other Shiites around the world disputing over the third testimony? That is simply because they are acting upon the verdicts of prominent religious authorities.
  5. Disagree
    Jawid Akbari got a reaction from funklebits in Marriage Between Shia Ithnaasheri And Shia Ismaili   
    There is no problem in the marriage of a Muslim with another Muslim.  The Ismailis are also considered to be Muslims but it is makrooh to marry them because of their deviation from the right path.  However, the marriage is in order. It should be noted that marriage is an important event in every body's life.  It is necessary to give importance to it because it affects one's whole life.  Educating children and protecting them from deviation are highly important.  Although marriage with Isamailis is permissible as per the Islamic law, it may end up in some difficulties because of some religious differences between the parties to the marriage.  Naturally, the differences will lead to some problems for the children; their lives will be affected.  Hence, it is better to avoid marriage with them and to marry someone who is the follower of the twelve Imams and the pure family of the Holy Prophet, peace be upon him and his pure progeny.
  6. Like
    Jawid Akbari got a reaction from Mohammadi_follower in [LAWS]Drawing People Is Haram?   
    As far as I know, all or majority of the current Maraji' (religious authorities) say that drawing is permissible, including drawing the full body or face of a living creature. The only thing that would make it forbidden is if it used for wrongful purposes such as pornography or if the drawings are worshipped somehow.
    What is forbidden in connection with animals is making statues and then placing them in your house. As well, it is makrooh (undesirable) to pray in a room where is the picture of an animal hanging on the wall. In case, the picture is covered with something, it is not makrooh.
    Wasssalam
    For further information in this regard, click on the following link:
    http://islamportal.net/question/can-i-draw-pictures-living-creatures
  7. Completely Agree
    Jawid Akbari got a reaction from TheYoungLion in Shahid Abdul Ali Mazari's Last Speech   
    Last Speech by Martyr Abdul Ali Mazari, Founder of Justice-seeking Movement in Afghanistan


     
    Translated by: Jawid Akbari

    _____________________________


     
    I seek refuge to Allah, from the accursed Satan.

    In the Name of Allah, the Compassionate the Merciful

    Surely Allah does not change the condition of a people until they change their own condition. [Quran, 13: 11]

    In this holy month of Ramadhan, no sooner you were invited to a gathering than you came together in an instant. That is something that gives me hope and assurance that you are sensitive about your fate and you think over it.

    Allah, the Exalted says, in the holy verse which I just recited that He does not change the fate and destiny of a nation unless they themselves change it. This is a divine sunnah (law). In fact, elsewhere there are verses as per which there is no alteration, no change, in a divine law, as also evidenced by narrations that interpret those verses. That is why I have consistently said to you that our people are the most perfect manifestation and a true interpretation of this verse. If you just take a cursory look at your history, you will come to know that you have gone through thick and thin. Over the past two years and eight months, you have proved to everyone here (in Kabul) that when you were resolute and determined to defend your prestige, Allah helped you and you could make all the bullying people to sit back on their places. After so many heinous crimes and in the wake of incredibly dangerous battles, they came to apologize for their mistakes.

    The Traitors' Blow More Effective than the Battle

    I do believe that this issue depends on your decision, resolve, steadfastness and sensitiveness. You have been sensitive towards your destiny. History bears witness to the fact that during the period of Abdur Rahman, our people stood up in the face of the tyrant and oppressive government. They fought for seven years and Abdu Rahman made use of all sorts of conspiracies against our people.  He gathered an army from all parts of the country. He sent people from all tribes to fight us. He brought together sixty Sunni scholars and got their fatwa against the Hazaras labeling them as rejectionists and infidels. That did not work.  However, they trained traitors amongst us and made them commit treason against our people. This time their plot worked? How? Sixty two percent of our people were eliminated in a country in which Abdur Rahman was considered to be the standard-bearer of Islam, he who converted the Kafiristan into Nuristan. He massacred 62% of our people. Slaves and bondswomen from our people were sold here and there, as far as Indian markets. The taxes from the sale proceedings were deposited with the state treasury. The book "Afghanistan in the Last Five Centuries" has recorded the amount received and deposited with the treasury.

    For more than one hundred years ever since 62% of our people were eliminated, we have been denied of our basic rights, we have been humiliated and looked down upon. Being Hazara was considered to be a shame, being Shia was considered to be a shame. A deliberate attempt was made to prevent us from going to school, from engaging in business and trade. We were deprived of whatever was regarded as privilege.

    During the era of King Mahmood Khan, it was officially announced to the Ministry of Culture not to admit Hazara and Shia applicants in the University's military department or in any other high-value schools. You experienced this deprivation. You were coolies carrying sacks and you were deemed appropriate for nothing except carrying loads. The nomad Pushtoons used to come to Hazarajat and would leave their tea, cloth and such other items and would say that they would get the money from the same place in the following year. It was something we ourselves saw and felt.  However, when the Islamic revolution started, you people who did not have the guts to speak to the Pushtoons as all men went into hiding  especially when a soldier arrived in a village and ladies would tell him that there were no men there, you then started the revolution only to change your situation. You freed the entire Hazarajat in three months. So Allah helped you in your struggle.

    Some four traitors who had been recruited by the Khalq (People's) and the Parcham (Flag) parties volunteered themselves to go to Hazarajat to disarm people.  Hazarajat was the first place they went and brought weapons from, whereas, in fact there were no weapons in Hazarajat. Weapons belonged to Pushtoons and the autonomous frontier regions. The weapons which were permitted among our people were rat-killers, matchlocks and flintlocks whereas in fact when the nomads came over to our people, even their women carried 11-bulleted firearms on their shoulders. No one in the Marxist government was ready to disarm Pushtoons and nomads but our traitors pioneered to disarm Hazarajat. They did it for their own credit, reputation and complaisance. But our people managed to free their regions empty-handedly, with sickles, scissors and shovels. There is no doubt that it was owing to your determination and your resolve.  You must bear in mind the extreme deprivation and miseries our people have experienced in history as well as the fact that the chance is given to people only once to shape their destiny. The chance is there for you now to decide.  You people used to be humiliated and insulted and (pejorative) stories were made about you. You were so honest and trustworthy that you worked as servants for all government authorities and officials in the company of their wives. They did not have any fear that you would betray them. But you were not honest enough to be employed as clerk in this country; you were not honest for that purpose, you were hated but you were trustworthy enough to work as servants. You have gone through that period.

    The Peshawar Conference

    The revolution achieved victory unlike what all the Afghan tribes and the foreign-based Jihadi factions expected. Since we were doomed and deprived inside and outside of the country, and we stood nowhere (as Hazaras), during the 14 years of Jihad in which seventy billion dollars were given in aid to Afghanistan, they did not give us a single dollar under this and that pretext.  All the western institutions that were operating in Afghanistan held a conference in Peshawar with all the organizations and experts in attendance. The aim was to discuss how to improve the situation in Afghanistan. There and then one of the foreigners took the podium and said that in the early days of the revolution, the Shiite people and Hazaras had liberated their lands earlier and I do not see anyone from them in this gathering.  They are not in the list of aid recipients? Where are they?  (You know that in those days, the West was so much afraid of the Union of Socialist Soviet Republic that whoever raised his hand to fight Russians, they would give him a Kalashnikov without having to verify whose hand it was. It was not for the sake of Afghanistan but because of fear from Russians.) There and then, one of the Jihad commanders walked to the podium and said in a flagrant way that "I'm going to reply to that question". He said, "I agree with the fact that these people need to receive medicine and some foodstuffs on and off, they fought and freed their regions but Iran gave them some weapons and now they are engaged in internecine conflicts. They do not have the capacity to be helped in terms of weapons. He cautioned to the foreigner that the Hazaras were affiliated to Iran and that precaution had to be exercised. That was the main point.

    They did not help us

    Perhaps many of our people may think that their leaders and those in charge of receiving help for them did not want the world's donations to flow into Hazarajat; they rejected the help. No, that was not the case. They did not help us because we were condemned and it was a historical condemnation that we were suffering from.

    Well, during the fourteen years of Jihad, seventy billion dollars in aid were spent, most of them in Pakistan. They used these people's blood money to make mansions and bungalows there. We did not receive a single dollar. Speaking from a natural perspective, the lands which were valuable and good for cultivation belonged to us but those lands were confiscated during the period of Abdur Rahman. The nomadic Pushtoons were commanded to go to Hazarajat and occupy your lands but they did not accept to go because Hazarajat was cold. If anything was left, it was because of the same reason. Then there were some grasses which they gave to the nomads; the Hazarajat livestock did not have the right to graze them, those of other peoples were supposed to graze on the pastures.

    Wars for destroying identity

    That was why we were deprived inside the country and abroad. The cold lands were for us. During the fourteen years of Jihad, the only positive development was that the nomads were no longer coming to Hazarajat; the people's crops, clover and alfalfa were not grazed by the nomads' herds. They used these for their own cows and livestock. As for our people in Kabul, given the fact that they had suffered oppression and deprivation, they armed themselves when the Marxist government collapsed. They took control of vast swathes [of the country] which was contrary to what most people expected. They didn't think that the situation would turn out in the way it did. That was why they decided to do away with them, disarm them and rip them of their identity. They fought you for two years and eight months. Here, I assure you that if you are resolute and decide to determine your own fate, and that you are not negligent of Allah, and you remember Him, none would be able to decide about your fate, to deprive you of your right or take your weapons (people chanting Allahu akbar). That is because we experienced it during the first, second, third and fourth wars in which every party took part in the fight against you. It was at a time when we were entrenched in the houses in the West of Kabul. But when you made up your mind, Allah helped you and you managed to cleanse all the regions. They came from Kandahar, Herat, Takhar, Badakhshan and Helmand to take dead bodies. That was experienced.

    History may repeat itself

    Here I assure you that no one can do anything against you per force unless there is a traitor. If someone from amongst our own people commits treason and becomes a traitor, history may possibly repeat itself. That goes without saying. You know that in the event of Afshar, they betrayed us and we suffered as a consequence of that.  You know that a conspiracy was launched against us on 23rd Sonbulah (14 September) and a heavy loss was inflicted upon us. Had it not been due to the conspiracy, no one would be able to take, by force, a span of your trench and that of our people. As a matter of fact, we do not favor war. We did not favor it in the beginning also. When they first established a government in Peshawar, they said 'we will talk about Shiites and Hazaras later'. Back then we were positioned on this side of Pul-e Charkhi at Directorate 7. If we wanted to fight, we could have prevented Sebghatullah Mujaddadi from entering Kabul. Not only did we not do so, but we also welcomed him and his government which had denied us a share in the power and promised to talk about it later. Since we did not want a war, we entered into a negotiation and ultimately reached an agreement with Sebghatullah Mujaddadi. The agreement had not been announced yet when Ittihad forces (under Abdul Rab Rasul Sayyaf) waged a war against us. We do not want a war with any factions but we do want the rights of our people. It is our inalienable right to be involved in decision-making for the country and to have 1/4th (of the power). We are not interested in anyone's face. We are working with them to solve any issues (people chanting Allahu akbar). That is why we have sent a delegation to Taliban to talk with them. Mr. Rabbani has sent me his representative with a message that Taliban is threatening everyone. He is offering to put aside our differences and defend together. We told them that we were ready.

    Stressing over two issues

     I am telling you that you should take two things into consideration. One, you should remember God and place your trust in Him because He is the Omnipotent and no one can challenge Him. That is one thing you should keep in mind.  

    Another issue is that everyone, young and old, man and woman, should make sure that there is no traitor amongst you. If there is a traitor propagating amongst you, creating fear and anxiety to your disadvantage, he must be arrested and brought to justice. If you don't take notice of these two issues, history may repeat itself once again. And if you miss this chance again, it will take you another century to get back to this position. You must be mindful of this issue. And it is for the same reason that we have set up complete defense lines. We transferred one thousand or more of Junbish forces to this side of the city last night. That is because Hekmatyar informed us that he was going to withdraw his forces. We are going to see what others will be doing. They have been watching us and now we are going to watch them. We will see how far they can defend themselves. So we immediately brought Junbish forces and positioned them here. We have set up a defense line from Guzargah to Zalmai Hotel. Also, we have set up a defense line on this side of the city from the Qazi Fort up until Mount Qurigh.

    We do not need weapons when our rights are respected

    Don't worry at all. Rest assured that if they are going to talk with us and agree to give us our people's rights, we will not engage in a fight (with them), and as long as our people's rights are secured in this country and we have a role to play in shaping our destiny, we will not need weapons. But if someone comes forth to deny us our rights and our fate remains unknown, then this weapon is something with which we are going to defend our honor and dignity; no one is going to lay it down and surrender it to anyone (people chanting Allahu akbar). We have met with the Supervising Council (Shurai Nazzār) and they are also in touch with us about a ceasefire.  They have been expressing their willingness several times. That is because they themselves have had skirmishes with the Taliban at Chahar Asyab with both sides suffering casualties. The Taliban are demanding that the territories evacuated by Hizb Islami should be returned to them and only then they would sit in a talk with the government but these people (Rabbani and Masud) have refrained from meeting their demands. As of now, they have sent delegations twice but to no avail. That is why they are in contact with us. Apparently, they are telling they are not going to fight you but you should be vigilant because you know they have conspired a lot. They have hatched conspiracies many times. That is why I am telling you to be watchful.

    I have wished for my blood to be shed by your side

    As for why I came here to talk to you today knowing well that you are all observing fast, a rumor has been spreading around that Hekmatyar's forces have withdrawn and they are propagating here and there in the market through their mercenaries that I too have fled the city and am no longer amongst you. That was worrying to you and I came here to talk to you and tell you not to be worried. I am telling you right here that I have no interest at heart other than your interests. If I were to think of my own personal interests, I would not have stayed by you during the past two years and eight months (people chanting Allahu akbar). And I assure you that assistance and aid come solely from Allah. Putting my hope in you and in divine blessing, I have never asked Allah to go anywhere without you and leave you alone on the battlefield to save myself. Never did I wish that to happen (people chanting Allahu akbar). I have always wished for my blood to be shed here by your side and for myself to be killed in your midst (people chanting Allahu akbar). Away from you, my life has no value.

    Those who are propagating on the other side of the city (Taimani), thinking they have escaped, those who (naively) said "thanks to this government for giving us protection, otherwise where would we go?" (audience laughing), they care only about themselves. You should rest assured that we are here, standing by you and I have prayed to Allah to help me take your rights from all. That day when I have taken your rights I shall pray to Allah to grant me success, success in attaining martyrdom among you (people chanting Allahu akbar).  However, we are in the month or Ramadhan, it is late now. Forgive me for having bothered you and given you trouble.  And this is the month of God, the month of mercy. It is a month in which God has invited all His servants to a banquet. It is a month in which the prayers are granted and fulfilled. I appeal you to gather in the mosques at night, observe vigilance, and pray to Allah to help you so that miseries of the past do not repeat themselves.

    Helping the warfront

    For this reason, as you used to support the trenches, helped the soldiers and attended to their needs, now too I am appealing you to protect the fortifications, help the boys, as far as you can, help and encourage them. If there are any traitors coming here and propagating something, you should immediately report to Hizb Wahdat's security committee, and arrest him so that history does not repeat itself. We are doing all we can for your convenience, your security and your right (people chanting Allahu akbar), through negotiation or mutual understanding. We have taken action inside and outside of the country, and we will do whatever we can to defend you.  

    Wassalamu 'alaykum warahmatullah wa barakātuh.


     

     

     
    Endnote:



    Jawid Akbari is an Afghan graduate student of Islamic philosophy at Al-Mustafa International University. The motivation behind translating this speech was to make the text available for English readers, the young Hazara generation living overseas and those interested in knowing about the history of the Hazaras and sufferings they have endured over the past many decades and centuries. It is expected that those who are capable of translating from the Persian into English will follow suit by rendering more of Shahid Mazari's speeches into English or any other international languages. It is the least we can do for our own history and community as well as for the message of justice to be furthered.

    For any helpful suggestions and comments please  do not hesitate to contact the translator at the following email address:  javedakbari@yahoo.com


     
  8. Like
    Jawid Akbari got a reaction from Ehsan Nasimi in How To Convert To A Shia Muslim?   
    In order for you to become a Shia Muslim, you do not have to do anything special, if you are are already Muslim.  You should start praying in the same way as Shia Muslims are praying. That is to say, you should not fold your hands during prayers and you should make sure to prostrate on something which is allowable for sajdah such as a piece of clay, stone, or wood or leaves of tree or anything which is part of the earth. Sajdah on clothings and edibles is not allowed.  Sajdah on tiles, cement and marble slates is allowed. Moreover, you must believe in the Shia fundamentals of faith with your own insight and understanding. The Shia believe in five principles such as the Oneness of God, Prophethood of the Last Prophet (S), Resurrection, Divine Justice and Imamate. 
    Please read books authored by prominent Shia scholars.
  9. Like
    Jawid Akbari got a reaction from Ashvazdanghe in Shahid Abdul Ali Mazari's Last Speech   
    Last Speech by Martyr Abdul Ali Mazari, Founder of Justice-seeking Movement in Afghanistan


     
    Translated by: Jawid Akbari

    _____________________________


     
    I seek refuge to Allah, from the accursed Satan.

    In the Name of Allah, the Compassionate the Merciful

    Surely Allah does not change the condition of a people until they change their own condition. [Quran, 13: 11]

    In this holy month of Ramadhan, no sooner you were invited to a gathering than you came together in an instant. That is something that gives me hope and assurance that you are sensitive about your fate and you think over it.

    Allah, the Exalted says, in the holy verse which I just recited that He does not change the fate and destiny of a nation unless they themselves change it. This is a divine sunnah (law). In fact, elsewhere there are verses as per which there is no alteration, no change, in a divine law, as also evidenced by narrations that interpret those verses. That is why I have consistently said to you that our people are the most perfect manifestation and a true interpretation of this verse. If you just take a cursory look at your history, you will come to know that you have gone through thick and thin. Over the past two years and eight months, you have proved to everyone here (in Kabul) that when you were resolute and determined to defend your prestige, Allah helped you and you could make all the bullying people to sit back on their places. After so many heinous crimes and in the wake of incredibly dangerous battles, they came to apologize for their mistakes.

    The Traitors' Blow More Effective than the Battle

    I do believe that this issue depends on your decision, resolve, steadfastness and sensitiveness. You have been sensitive towards your destiny. History bears witness to the fact that during the period of Abdur Rahman, our people stood up in the face of the tyrant and oppressive government. They fought for seven years and Abdu Rahman made use of all sorts of conspiracies against our people.  He gathered an army from all parts of the country. He sent people from all tribes to fight us. He brought together sixty Sunni scholars and got their fatwa against the Hazaras labeling them as rejectionists and infidels. That did not work.  However, they trained traitors amongst us and made them commit treason against our people. This time their plot worked? How? Sixty two percent of our people were eliminated in a country in which Abdur Rahman was considered to be the standard-bearer of Islam, he who converted the Kafiristan into Nuristan. He massacred 62% of our people. Slaves and bondswomen from our people were sold here and there, as far as Indian markets. The taxes from the sale proceedings were deposited with the state treasury. The book "Afghanistan in the Last Five Centuries" has recorded the amount received and deposited with the treasury.

    For more than one hundred years ever since 62% of our people were eliminated, we have been denied of our basic rights, we have been humiliated and looked down upon. Being Hazara was considered to be a shame, being Shia was considered to be a shame. A deliberate attempt was made to prevent us from going to school, from engaging in business and trade. We were deprived of whatever was regarded as privilege.

    During the era of King Mahmood Khan, it was officially announced to the Ministry of Culture not to admit Hazara and Shia applicants in the University's military department or in any other high-value schools. You experienced this deprivation. You were coolies carrying sacks and you were deemed appropriate for nothing except carrying loads. The nomad Pushtoons used to come to Hazarajat and would leave their tea, cloth and such other items and would say that they would get the money from the same place in the following year. It was something we ourselves saw and felt.  However, when the Islamic revolution started, you people who did not have the guts to speak to the Pushtoons as all men went into hiding  especially when a soldier arrived in a village and ladies would tell him that there were no men there, you then started the revolution only to change your situation. You freed the entire Hazarajat in three months. So Allah helped you in your struggle.

    Some four traitors who had been recruited by the Khalq (People's) and the Parcham (Flag) parties volunteered themselves to go to Hazarajat to disarm people.  Hazarajat was the first place they went and brought weapons from, whereas, in fact there were no weapons in Hazarajat. Weapons belonged to Pushtoons and the autonomous frontier regions. The weapons which were permitted among our people were rat-killers, matchlocks and flintlocks whereas in fact when the nomads came over to our people, even their women carried 11-bulleted firearms on their shoulders. No one in the Marxist government was ready to disarm Pushtoons and nomads but our traitors pioneered to disarm Hazarajat. They did it for their own credit, reputation and complaisance. But our people managed to free their regions empty-handedly, with sickles, scissors and shovels. There is no doubt that it was owing to your determination and your resolve.  You must bear in mind the extreme deprivation and miseries our people have experienced in history as well as the fact that the chance is given to people only once to shape their destiny. The chance is there for you now to decide.  You people used to be humiliated and insulted and (pejorative) stories were made about you. You were so honest and trustworthy that you worked as servants for all government authorities and officials in the company of their wives. They did not have any fear that you would betray them. But you were not honest enough to be employed as clerk in this country; you were not honest for that purpose, you were hated but you were trustworthy enough to work as servants. You have gone through that period.

    The Peshawar Conference

    The revolution achieved victory unlike what all the Afghan tribes and the foreign-based Jihadi factions expected. Since we were doomed and deprived inside and outside of the country, and we stood nowhere (as Hazaras), during the 14 years of Jihad in which seventy billion dollars were given in aid to Afghanistan, they did not give us a single dollar under this and that pretext.  All the western institutions that were operating in Afghanistan held a conference in Peshawar with all the organizations and experts in attendance. The aim was to discuss how to improve the situation in Afghanistan. There and then one of the foreigners took the podium and said that in the early days of the revolution, the Shiite people and Hazaras had liberated their lands earlier and I do not see anyone from them in this gathering.  They are not in the list of aid recipients? Where are they?  (You know that in those days, the West was so much afraid of the Union of Socialist Soviet Republic that whoever raised his hand to fight Russians, they would give him a Kalashnikov without having to verify whose hand it was. It was not for the sake of Afghanistan but because of fear from Russians.) There and then, one of the Jihad commanders walked to the podium and said in a flagrant way that "I'm going to reply to that question". He said, "I agree with the fact that these people need to receive medicine and some foodstuffs on and off, they fought and freed their regions but Iran gave them some weapons and now they are engaged in internecine conflicts. They do not have the capacity to be helped in terms of weapons. He cautioned to the foreigner that the Hazaras were affiliated to Iran and that precaution had to be exercised. That was the main point.

    They did not help us

    Perhaps many of our people may think that their leaders and those in charge of receiving help for them did not want the world's donations to flow into Hazarajat; they rejected the help. No, that was not the case. They did not help us because we were condemned and it was a historical condemnation that we were suffering from.

    Well, during the fourteen years of Jihad, seventy billion dollars in aid were spent, most of them in Pakistan. They used these people's blood money to make mansions and bungalows there. We did not receive a single dollar. Speaking from a natural perspective, the lands which were valuable and good for cultivation belonged to us but those lands were confiscated during the period of Abdur Rahman. The nomadic Pushtoons were commanded to go to Hazarajat and occupy your lands but they did not accept to go because Hazarajat was cold. If anything was left, it was because of the same reason. Then there were some grasses which they gave to the nomads; the Hazarajat livestock did not have the right to graze them, those of other peoples were supposed to graze on the pastures.

    Wars for destroying identity

    That was why we were deprived inside the country and abroad. The cold lands were for us. During the fourteen years of Jihad, the only positive development was that the nomads were no longer coming to Hazarajat; the people's crops, clover and alfalfa were not grazed by the nomads' herds. They used these for their own cows and livestock. As for our people in Kabul, given the fact that they had suffered oppression and deprivation, they armed themselves when the Marxist government collapsed. They took control of vast swathes [of the country] which was contrary to what most people expected. They didn't think that the situation would turn out in the way it did. That was why they decided to do away with them, disarm them and rip them of their identity. They fought you for two years and eight months. Here, I assure you that if you are resolute and decide to determine your own fate, and that you are not negligent of Allah, and you remember Him, none would be able to decide about your fate, to deprive you of your right or take your weapons (people chanting Allahu akbar). That is because we experienced it during the first, second, third and fourth wars in which every party took part in the fight against you. It was at a time when we were entrenched in the houses in the West of Kabul. But when you made up your mind, Allah helped you and you managed to cleanse all the regions. They came from Kandahar, Herat, Takhar, Badakhshan and Helmand to take dead bodies. That was experienced.

    History may repeat itself

    Here I assure you that no one can do anything against you per force unless there is a traitor. If someone from amongst our own people commits treason and becomes a traitor, history may possibly repeat itself. That goes without saying. You know that in the event of Afshar, they betrayed us and we suffered as a consequence of that.  You know that a conspiracy was launched against us on 23rd Sonbulah (14 September) and a heavy loss was inflicted upon us. Had it not been due to the conspiracy, no one would be able to take, by force, a span of your trench and that of our people. As a matter of fact, we do not favor war. We did not favor it in the beginning also. When they first established a government in Peshawar, they said 'we will talk about Shiites and Hazaras later'. Back then we were positioned on this side of Pul-e Charkhi at Directorate 7. If we wanted to fight, we could have prevented Sebghatullah Mujaddadi from entering Kabul. Not only did we not do so, but we also welcomed him and his government which had denied us a share in the power and promised to talk about it later. Since we did not want a war, we entered into a negotiation and ultimately reached an agreement with Sebghatullah Mujaddadi. The agreement had not been announced yet when Ittihad forces (under Abdul Rab Rasul Sayyaf) waged a war against us. We do not want a war with any factions but we do want the rights of our people. It is our inalienable right to be involved in decision-making for the country and to have 1/4th (of the power). We are not interested in anyone's face. We are working with them to solve any issues (people chanting Allahu akbar). That is why we have sent a delegation to Taliban to talk with them. Mr. Rabbani has sent me his representative with a message that Taliban is threatening everyone. He is offering to put aside our differences and defend together. We told them that we were ready.

    Stressing over two issues

     I am telling you that you should take two things into consideration. One, you should remember God and place your trust in Him because He is the Omnipotent and no one can challenge Him. That is one thing you should keep in mind.  

    Another issue is that everyone, young and old, man and woman, should make sure that there is no traitor amongst you. If there is a traitor propagating amongst you, creating fear and anxiety to your disadvantage, he must be arrested and brought to justice. If you don't take notice of these two issues, history may repeat itself once again. And if you miss this chance again, it will take you another century to get back to this position. You must be mindful of this issue. And it is for the same reason that we have set up complete defense lines. We transferred one thousand or more of Junbish forces to this side of the city last night. That is because Hekmatyar informed us that he was going to withdraw his forces. We are going to see what others will be doing. They have been watching us and now we are going to watch them. We will see how far they can defend themselves. So we immediately brought Junbish forces and positioned them here. We have set up a defense line from Guzargah to Zalmai Hotel. Also, we have set up a defense line on this side of the city from the Qazi Fort up until Mount Qurigh.

    We do not need weapons when our rights are respected

    Don't worry at all. Rest assured that if they are going to talk with us and agree to give us our people's rights, we will not engage in a fight (with them), and as long as our people's rights are secured in this country and we have a role to play in shaping our destiny, we will not need weapons. But if someone comes forth to deny us our rights and our fate remains unknown, then this weapon is something with which we are going to defend our honor and dignity; no one is going to lay it down and surrender it to anyone (people chanting Allahu akbar). We have met with the Supervising Council (Shurai Nazzār) and they are also in touch with us about a ceasefire.  They have been expressing their willingness several times. That is because they themselves have had skirmishes with the Taliban at Chahar Asyab with both sides suffering casualties. The Taliban are demanding that the territories evacuated by Hizb Islami should be returned to them and only then they would sit in a talk with the government but these people (Rabbani and Masud) have refrained from meeting their demands. As of now, they have sent delegations twice but to no avail. That is why they are in contact with us. Apparently, they are telling they are not going to fight you but you should be vigilant because you know they have conspired a lot. They have hatched conspiracies many times. That is why I am telling you to be watchful.

    I have wished for my blood to be shed by your side

    As for why I came here to talk to you today knowing well that you are all observing fast, a rumor has been spreading around that Hekmatyar's forces have withdrawn and they are propagating here and there in the market through their mercenaries that I too have fled the city and am no longer amongst you. That was worrying to you and I came here to talk to you and tell you not to be worried. I am telling you right here that I have no interest at heart other than your interests. If I were to think of my own personal interests, I would not have stayed by you during the past two years and eight months (people chanting Allahu akbar). And I assure you that assistance and aid come solely from Allah. Putting my hope in you and in divine blessing, I have never asked Allah to go anywhere without you and leave you alone on the battlefield to save myself. Never did I wish that to happen (people chanting Allahu akbar). I have always wished for my blood to be shed here by your side and for myself to be killed in your midst (people chanting Allahu akbar). Away from you, my life has no value.

    Those who are propagating on the other side of the city (Taimani), thinking they have escaped, those who (naively) said "thanks to this government for giving us protection, otherwise where would we go?" (audience laughing), they care only about themselves. You should rest assured that we are here, standing by you and I have prayed to Allah to help me take your rights from all. That day when I have taken your rights I shall pray to Allah to grant me success, success in attaining martyrdom among you (people chanting Allahu akbar).  However, we are in the month or Ramadhan, it is late now. Forgive me for having bothered you and given you trouble.  And this is the month of God, the month of mercy. It is a month in which God has invited all His servants to a banquet. It is a month in which the prayers are granted and fulfilled. I appeal you to gather in the mosques at night, observe vigilance, and pray to Allah to help you so that miseries of the past do not repeat themselves.

    Helping the warfront

    For this reason, as you used to support the trenches, helped the soldiers and attended to their needs, now too I am appealing you to protect the fortifications, help the boys, as far as you can, help and encourage them. If there are any traitors coming here and propagating something, you should immediately report to Hizb Wahdat's security committee, and arrest him so that history does not repeat itself. We are doing all we can for your convenience, your security and your right (people chanting Allahu akbar), through negotiation or mutual understanding. We have taken action inside and outside of the country, and we will do whatever we can to defend you.  

    Wassalamu 'alaykum warahmatullah wa barakātuh.


     

     

     
    Endnote:



    Jawid Akbari is an Afghan graduate student of Islamic philosophy at Al-Mustafa International University. The motivation behind translating this speech was to make the text available for English readers, the young Hazara generation living overseas and those interested in knowing about the history of the Hazaras and sufferings they have endured over the past many decades and centuries. It is expected that those who are capable of translating from the Persian into English will follow suit by rendering more of Shahid Mazari's speeches into English or any other international languages. It is the least we can do for our own history and community as well as for the message of justice to be furthered.

    For any helpful suggestions and comments please  do not hesitate to contact the translator at the following email address:  javedakbari@yahoo.com


     
  10. Like
    Jawid Akbari got a reaction from Sirius_Bright in To Believe An Imam Grants Dua Is Shirk (Sistani)   
    The infallible Imams (a.s) have the power, with the permission of God, to hear our voice everywhere. Especially the Imam of Time (atf) become aware of all our deeds and actions with God’s permission. Thus, wherever we call them, they hear us with the permission of God.
    There are traditions in Shia sources according to which the Imams know about the majalis (gatherings) which Shiites hold and they somehow attend them. And if the Shiites pray and recite any dua, they say Aameen and they pray for their followers.
    It should be noted that since we are living in the material world with very limited intellectual capacity, understanding such things is difficult. Our intellect does not perceive as to how the Imams hear our voice, but if the material curtain goes away, everything becomes clear.
    For example, think about the Holy Prophet’s Me’raj (ascension) to heavens.  He went to Masjidul Aqsa and then up to the seven heavens and came down to earth and visited different places on his way back. He met different prophets and talked with them. Some say that all this had happened in just one minute. This is difficult for us to understand but everything happens with God’s permission and if He wills, the Imams can also do things that are beyond perception.
    Also, think of the angel of death. At the same time and moment, how does this angel take people’s lives at different places of the world? All this happens with the permission of God. 
  11. Like
    Jawid Akbari got a reaction from Ashvazdanghe in Ayatollah Khamenei - Fatwa On Transgender   
    Well, dear brother in Islam,  sex change is one of the controversial issues. A lot has been said by different people.  I want to acquaint you with what Ayatollah Sistani has said.
    The rules for who is allowed to get a gender assignment operation are very strict. It is a permissible option only for those who are truly transgendered, not just someone who wakes up one morning and decides he wants a change.
    When it comes to Grand Ayatollah Sistani's view about 'sex change', you must note that there are two types of surgeries regarding sex change. The first surgery is what occurs in the contemporary world, where a man changes his genitals into female genitals and takes female hormone medication or a woman changes her genitals into male genitals and takes male hormone medication. This type of surgery does not result in one’s sex being changed according to Sayyid Sistani. That means the surgery is useless and one exposes his/her private parts thus rendering it haram. The second form of surgery described as changing one’s external genitals and internal sexual organs along with hormone medication. This would mean, for instance, that a man who changes into a female would be able to bear children. Medicine has not evolved to the point where this is possible in the contemporary world. But, Sayyid Sistani states that if this takes place in the future one’s sex would change and he/she would become the opposite gender.
    Sayyid Sistani also addresses both potential problems in these answers. First, he gives permission when both internal organs and external genitals are changed, but prohibits the change of only external genitals per exposure of private parts. Thus, clearly leaving room for future enhancements of the surgery. Sayyid Sistani also clearly states that after the surgery one would have the rulings of the new gender.
    Therefore, the Islamic position is that in and of itself there is no problem with changing one’s sex. But, in doing so, the person must refrain from all prohibited acts. If one sins and exposes his or her private parts for the procedure and then successfully changes sex, then the rulings of the new gender will apply to him. The sin of exposing one’s private parts may be mitigated if it can be proven that it was done out of necessity. And Allah knows best.
  12. Like
    Jawid Akbari got a reaction from Abdul Batin Bey in Mandatory To Grow a Beard?   
    Dear brother in Islam,
    Shaving beard is not allowed, as an obligatory precaution. The size of beard should be as much as the custom ('urf) should say  that "you have beard". French cut beard is not sufficient as an obligatory precaution.
    According to Grand Ayatollah Sistani, in his book titled "A Code of Practice for Muslims in the West", if a person's beard becomes a cause of ridicule and humiliation that is not normally tolerable by a Muslim, it is permissible to shave beard. Likely, it is permissible to shave it for medical reasons, if one considers it to be necessary.  Trimming and cutting short the beard is allowed but one should not shave it, if it is not for a valid reason.
    As you understand, Shia religious authorities have not issued a ruling (fatwa) in this regard. What they have stated in connection with beard is simply based on precaution (ihtiat).
    Wassalam
    Related link:
    http://islamportal.net/question/beard-islam
  13. Like
    Jawid Akbari got a reaction from A true Sunni in Can we put weapons in our grave?   
    Dear brother in Islam,
    It is neither recommended nor  necessary to put a weapon or sword in your grave. It seems what you have claimed in your message about your friend is unfounded and has no basis in our religious teachings.  There is no such tradition in our sources to indicate that such a practice is in order. 
    What is recommended to place inside a grave with a dead body is a piece of turbah of Imam Hussein (AS) as well as two pieces of fresh and green wood that can be put near the head of the deceased individual.
    Wassalam
    For information about some rules of graves click on the following link:
    http://islamportal.net/question/rules-seeing-grave
     
  14. Like
    Jawid Akbari got a reaction from DigitalUmmah in Can we put weapons in our grave?   
    Dear brother in Islam,
    It is neither recommended nor  necessary to put a weapon or sword in your grave. It seems what you have claimed in your message about your friend is unfounded and has no basis in our religious teachings.  There is no such tradition in our sources to indicate that such a practice is in order. 
    What is recommended to place inside a grave with a dead body is a piece of turbah of Imam Hussein (AS) as well as two pieces of fresh and green wood that can be put near the head of the deceased individual.
    Wassalam
    For information about some rules of graves click on the following link:
    http://islamportal.net/question/rules-seeing-grave
     
  15. Like
    Jawid Akbari got a reaction from Sirius_Bright in Is Aliyun Wali Ullah Farz in Namaz & Azan?   
    Dear brothers in Islam, Here are a few points that you need to take into consideration:
    1. According to Shia, Adhan was legislated in the first Islamic century and it was brought down to the Prophet (S) by the trustworthy Gabriel. That is because Adhan and Iqama are considered linked to Shari’ah and it cannot be legislated except through revelation.

    2. In the beginning the third testimony were not recited in Adhan and Iqamah as it is not a part of Adhan and Iqamah but it is good to recite it with the intention of raja (hope of attaining some reward).

    There are numerous reports and narrations about the third testimony in both Shia and Sunni sources leaving no doubt as to the permissibility and reward of reciting it. But you should note that it cannot be recited in prayer since it is not a part of the prayers.

    The event of Ghadir Khumm and the designation of the Commander of the Faithful, Ali (AS) was declared to the Prophet (S) through the angel at God’s order. The Prophet of Islam (S) introduced his successor to thousands of pilgrims at Ghadir Khumm. This event has been documented in both Shia and Sunni sources. You can refer to Al-Ghadir by Allamah Amini. The Book is a comprehensive source covering the designation of the Commander of the Faithful (AS) as the successor to the Prophet (S).

    3. Two hadiths have been transmitted and reported from al-Salaafah fi Amr al-Khilafah by Sheikh Abdullah Maraghi al-Masri (Egyptian) which quite well indicate that Third Testimony existed in the time of the Messenger of Allah, peace be upon him and his family:

    A) During the time of the Prophet of Allah (S), Salman Farsi testified to the guardianship  (wilayah) of the Commander of the Faithful, Ali (AS) in Adhan and Iqamah after testifying to the oneness of Allah and prophethood of the Prophet (S). One of the Companions of the Prophet (S) went to him and asked: “O Messenger of Allah, today I heard something I had never heard before.” The Prophet (S) asked: “What is that?” He said: “Salman was reciting Adhan and I heard him testify to guardianship of Ali after testifying to the oneness of Allah and prophethood of the Prophet (S)?  (This event took place after Hajjatul Wida’, the Last pilgrimage of the House of Allah by the Prophet).  The Prophet (S) responded:  سمعتم خیرا “You have heard something good.”

    B) It has been narrated about Abuzar Ghaffari that one of the companions went to the Prophet (S) and said: “O Messenger of Allah, Abuzar testifies to Ali’s guardianship after prophecy of the Prophet (S) and says, “Ashhadu anna Aliyan waliullah”.

    The Prophet answered:

    « كذلك اَ وَ نسيتم قولي في غدير خم من كنت مولاه فعلي مولاه فمن ينكث فانما ينكث علي نفسه»

     “That is as such. Have you forgotten my saying at Ghadir Khumm where (I said) ‘Of whomsoever I am a master, then Ali is his master. Whoever breaks his covenant, he has harmed himself.’

    Moreover, Ali (AS) is our master as the Quran says, “Your wali (master) is Allah and the Messenger…” and testifying to his guardianship and love in Adhan without  considering it as a part of prayer is recommended.  

    4. Giving testimony is an indication of someone’s belief in the oneness of Allah and prophethood of the Prophet of Islam (S).

    5. Reciting the Third Testimony in prayer is not permissible in prayer but it is good to recite it in Adhan and Iqama in the hope of getting more reward.

  16. Like
    Jawid Akbari got a reaction from Mansur Bakhtiari in Beard Husbandry   
    What you have heard may not be documented. As far as I know, it is makrooh (undesirable) to keep a beard longer than the width of a clenched fist (qabz).  There are people who, out of naivety, think that the longer someone's beard is the more pious and God-conscious he must be. This is absolutely not the case. 
    The size of beard should be as much as the custom ('urf)  should say  that "you have beard". It is sufficient.
  17. Like
    Jawid Akbari got a reaction from Bakir in How Duas Are Accepted 100%   
    Among the adaab (etiquettes) of Dua is presence of mind. Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) said: “Allah Ta’ala does not accept the dua of a servant which comes from an unmindful heart.”

    Among the requisites for acceptance of Dua is halaal food. Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) said to Sa’d (radhiyallahu anhu): “Make wholesome your earning, Allah will accept your Dua.”

    It has also been narrated: “Dua is the key of need, and its (the key’s) teeth are lawful morsels of food.”

    Hadhrat Nabi Musaa (alayhis salaam) passed by a man who was making dua with much humility. Hadhrat Musaa (alayhis salaam) said: “O My Allah! If I had the power, I would have fulfilled his need.”

    Allah Ta’ala revealed to him: “I am more merciful to him than you. However, he calls to Me while his heart is attached to his sheep. I do not answer the call of a servant who calls Me while his heart is attached to something besides Me.”

    Hadhrat Musaa (alayhis salaam) informed the man of this revelation. He then denuded his heart of his wealth, and his Dua was accepted.

    Someone asked Hadhrat Ja’far Saadiq (rahmatullah alayh): “What is wrong with us? We make dua, but why is our dua not accepted.”
    Hadhrat Ja’far Saadiq said: “Because you call someone whom you have not recognized.”
  18. Like
    Jawid Akbari got a reaction from Hassan- in Why must we marry only Muslims?   
    A Muslim man is the equal (kufw) of a Muslim woman. Both of them believe in the same religion and religious principles and values. They have a lot in common and they do not disagree with each other when it comes to how they should educate and nurture their child. Thus, they agree that the child they are going to educate will have to be brought up as believing in the same religion and values they believe in.
    A man who marries a faithful Muslim woman is less likely to encounter any domestic problems. There will be no or less domestic violence as compared to a family with one of the two parties being non-Muslim.
    Let's not forget that Islam allows only temporary marriage to a non-Muslim Kitabi woman. That is when he is not already married to a Muslim woman. If he is already married, the marriage is not allowed,as an obligatory precaution.  Islam forbids marriage to an atheist or a Buddhist because she is considered to be ritually impure.
    Last but not least, if we do not know the reason for a divine injunction, we should submit to it even if we do not know the wisdom behind it.
    For further information in this regard, please click on the following link:
    http://islamportal.net/question/it-necessary-have-consent-one’s-wife-when-contracting-temporary-marriage-people-book
     
  19. Like
    Jawid Akbari got a reaction from Islandsandmirrors in Shia sunni marriage   
    Dear readers,
    The marriage of a Muslim man and a Muslim woman is valid even though their religion might be different. However, it is better to note that every side should make sure that the other party – who is from a different sect – will not bar him from doing what he is required to do according to his religion and that the other party will not force him to do what is against his religion. In addition, it should be taken into account that the marital life of such a couple often encounters difficulties and that religious differences between them lead to problems which should be taken into consideration by both parties.
    The religious authorities advise her to marry a Shia man who is her ‘equal’ (kufw). In case, if it is feared or likely that she might be led astray by him (Sunni husband, the marriage is not allowed. The consequences especially when it comes to raising children are unpredictable and it is generally grave and to the disadvantage of the girl. 
    For further details see:
    http://islamportal.net/question/it-permissible-contract-temporary-marriage-sunni-girl-without-her-father’s-consent
  20. Like
    Jawid Akbari reacted to FalconofAli in Can I hang art ( a painting ) of Buddha?   
    Yes you can hang a photo of the Buddha as long as you do not worship it.
    The Buddha is a symbol of high consciousness and Knowledge, also known as Ma'rifa. 
    I would however advise that the photo be away from your prayer area.
  21. Like
    Jawid Akbari got a reaction from AbuHope in Describe Tazkiyah Nafs/purification Of The Soul   
    The term tazkiyah originally means pruning the plant – to remove what is harmful for its growth. It is the task of a gardener to trim and remove the harmful and unnecessary branches and to provide what the plant needs to grow. There is something to be cut off and there is something to be given to it.  These dimensions are to be taken into consideration when it comes to human beings as well. When the term is applied to the human personality, it means to beautify it and to remove from it all evil traces and spiritual diseases that are obstacles in getting close to Allah. In Islam, the ultimate objective of religion and shari'ah (Islamic law) and the real purpose of raising prophets from among mankind is to teach people and help them purify themselves.
    Let’s not forget that man acts of his own choice and free will. This is one of the basic differences between a tree when it is pruned and a human who is taught to purify himself. The tree has no intention or volition of its own. It is the gardener who attends to the plant as he desires.  But human beings are not as such. Men are rational agents and they cannot be forced to accept something. Something is moral when one acts arbitrarily of his own free will.  The Quran says:
    إِنَّكَ لا تَهْدِي مَنْ أَحْبَبْتَ وَ لكِنَّ اللَّهَ يَهْدِي مَنْ يَشاءُ وَ هُوَ أَعْلَمُ بِالْمُهْتَدِينَ
    Surely you cannot guide whom you love, but Allah guides whom He pleases, and He knows best the followers of the right way.  [28: 56]
    The Quran says, God purifies whomever He wants.
    بل الله یزکي من یشاء.
    Some people may think that if God is purifying us, why should we make efforts?  That is a misconception on the part of some people. We are free and we act of our own free will but we should not think that we are acting independently of Allah.
    Another difference between tazkiyah in terms of pruning and tazkiyah in terms of purifying the human soul is that man can engage in self-purification while a tree or plant cannot do so. It needs to be taken care of by someone. A person should not always wait for someone to teach and nurture and help him. He should purify his soul and embellish it all by himself.
    http://www.islamportal.net
  22. Like
    Jawid Akbari reacted to Shaikh Hakim in Considering Shia   
    Salam 
    1. Study Imamate in-depth. That's the criteria by which you can choose either Shia or Sunni.
    2. The environment is effective. Thus, Shia mosque is preferred and befriending Shia Muslims can be useful as well.
    3. The first two part of Shahadah is necessary. However, the third part that testifies the Imamte of Imam Ali is NOT.
  23. Like
    Jawid Akbari reacted to S. Shuja in What are the major challenges of today's world?   
    What are the major challenges in contemporary world?
    There are huge challenges and crises in contemporary world plenty in number and abundant in gender. The whole world population suffer the following severe conditions including crippling poverty, widespread unemployment, political instability, economic crisis, cultural abnormality, moral indecencies, cyber attacks, state-sponsored terrorism and imperialism.
    The widespread unemployment brought about mass poverty. It is one of the most important factors we witness brain drain in many developing and underdeveloped countries. As such, it can be termed as the root cause of other evils too.
    In politics, several states and countries suffer political instabilities stemming either from their strong internal rivals or their neighbors’ redundant destructive interferences. Moreover, nepotism, racism and terrorism in global scales have become as epidemic diseases making the human beings extremely exhausted of their daily struggles in winning bread and a decent life.
    In the economic field, we bear witness to mass economic corruption such as theft, blackmailing, embezzlement, money laundering, phishing and .… Most of them mainly and unfortunately trace back to the officials of state, gigantic firms and monetary institutions. The very facts made it difficult to expect a better life in the contemporary world.
    In respect with the cultural abnormalities, we face various life-threatening dangers in our lifestyles. The people seem to be reducing their righteous cultural values to cultic-geographical ones and thus are reluctant to take care of them. Even they are willing to change their righteous customs with the modern wrong habits. It is as if the criterion of ‘right versus wrong’ is replaced with another criterion ‘old versus new’. Based on such a criterion, the precious righteous cultural heritages which are rooted either in the solid experiences or correct beliefs, seem to lose their validity and are on the verge of being replaced by the new abnormal behaviors.
    Ethical abnormalities are on the rise. Since, ethic is based on some other premises and foundations, when the foundations collapse, then no room is be left for ethical codes. To today's human, everything seems to be relative and bound to time and space.
    The problems such as cyber attacks, state-sponsored terrorism and imperialism will be dealt with later and in another separate post.
    Thanks
    May, Allah Bless us All to have decent lifestyle.
  24. Like
    Jawid Akbari reacted to Perfectionist in Temporary Marriage (Mutah)   
    That's a relief, because you pretty much agreed with everything else Kai said didn't you. Hopefully you won't lose your temper one day and follow in his footsteps.I fully appreciate this. However he was showing a very clear pattern with his posts, as if he was seeking religious sanction to proceed with his sick fantasies. He was obviously very disturbed and not just "talking big" Abu.Why not give a reason we can both agree on - that this thread is about Mutah, not Kai.Does anybody know his real name or location?
  25. Like
    Jawid Akbari got a reaction from Ali Emanoil Mustafa in Studying in Qum   
    Please contact al-Mustafa International University.  Also, you can get admissions in Najaf  but you need to consult a resident scholar about how to get admissions and Iraqi visa. Ask Salim Bhimji, Shuja Mirza and Sayed Sulayman Ali Hasan. These are students I know who used to study here in Qom but they have now gone back to America (Canada).
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