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In the Name of God بسم الله


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  1. Sister, reading your post and how you describe your feelings, I think you might have depression. Consistent feelings of emptiness, guilt, hopelessness, tiredness, and apathy are all classic symptoms. I think it would be a good idea to talk to your doctor about how you're feeling, and maybe ask if there's a psychiatrist he or she would recommend. I understand that there is a stigma about mental health in many of our cultures, but please don't let that stop you from getting help.
  2. 1) Vast majority don't. The median age of menarche today is around 12-13 in with a standard deviation of around 1.5 years (with the solar calendar; add about 10% for lunar). That means even today, < 5% of girls start puberty by 9 years of age. And it wasn't that long ago for median menarche age to be more like 15-16. In the 600s AD, the age would have been even higher. It should also be noted that physical maturity does not imply psychological maturity. A 9 year old is still mentally a child no matter how far along puberty they are. It's worth mentioning that the age for boys is 15, despite spermarche happening around 13 years of age. So the age of puberty *possibly* occurring at a young age does not seem to be a sound justification even Islamically. Girls do tend to mature faster than boys, but not 6 years faster.
  3. Human biology didn't change that much over 1400 years. If anything they would have developed slower, since malnutrition was much more common back then.
  4. That does raise another interesting point. If the rest of the Imams are considered syed by their relation to Lady Fatima (sa), then why is it that today we say your father has to be syed for you to be considered one, rather than either / both parents?
  5. Top two layers of epidermis in everyone is largely composed of dead cells.
  6. The part I bolded should apply. In baking a cake, typically a teaspoon or two of vanilla extract is used. It is safe to say the alcohol content would completely evaporate by the time the cake is finished baking.
  7. Are you kidding? Europe is even worse. In the US at least the hatred isn't mainstream yet - I have yet to be treated anything less than kind by my fellow Americans. If Trump gets elected that may be a different matter, but we'll see what happens.
  8. The determination of mitochondrial eve and Y-chromosome Adam is not through radiometric dating of any sort. Read up on molecular clocks. I will accept that dating methods are imprecise enough that it is plausible for the two to have existed at the same time, even if unlikely (we're talking about confidence intervals of 50,000 years or so). Does not mean they were the first or only "humans" at the time, nor does it mean they ever reproduced together. From your own link - "Despite their overlap in time, ancient "Adam" and ancient "Eve" probably didn't even live near each other, let alone mate."
  9. This is quite possibly the most incoherent and uneducated statement I have ever read. Current evidence suggests that "Mitochondrial Eve" and "Y-chromosome Adam" did not exist at the same time. The evidence suggests they were born thousands of years apart, with Mitochondrial Eve coming first. Also worth pointing out that neither Mitochondrial Eve or Y-chromosome Adam are thought to be the first humans, but the only female and male of their respective generations to successfully reproduce and pass on their genes.
  10. No reason it should be. But unfortunately many Muslims are scientifically illiterate and cannot figure that out for themselves, which is sad when you consider how much Islam, especially Shia Islam, contributed to science in the past. In general breastfeeding is better for the child, but there will be circumstances where it's not an option. I wouldn't necessarily call formula harmful, rather it's simply not as good as the real deal. There are many kids raised on formula living as healthy adults today.
  11. Wouldn't the concept of istihala apply here? Soap is made through a chemical reaction (classic example being the saponification of a triglyceride with a strong base), the final result being completely different from the starting ingredients.
  12. Well 2% is actually a pretty high amount of alcohol, I wouldn't call it "very minute". Beer only has about 4-5%, and that's plenty to get drunk with. By that standard it's just about impossible to eat or drink anything.
  13. Vanilla extract contains something like 60% ethanol (CH2CHOH), which is the "active ingredient" in all alcoholic beverages. But vanilla extract is typically used in such small quantities that it cannot possibly intoxicate you; the amount in the food will be well under 1% even if none evaporated. Also worth noting that alcohol in some quantity will be found in some fruits and drinks just by their very nature. Breads can contain as much as 1%. I don't know how that fits with the laws. With Sistani saying it is not najis, I'm inclined to say that there's no problem, but do not take my word for it - I'm not an expert in religious matters by any means.
  14. If you really want to go there -- both AMD and Intel have R&D facilities in Israel. So virtually every computer sold will have a portion of the profits go to them in some way or another. According to Sistani, it is haram to purchase products from companies with an Israeli presence. Are you going to go just steal computers from now on?
  15. This isn't always true though. In fact it's pretty rare that menarche occurs at 9; on average it's around 12-13 (at least in the US; in other countries it can vary slightly). It's not unheard of for it to be as late as 20 years
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