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In the Name of God بسم الله

sadegh

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About sadegh

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    یا فاطمة المعصومة

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  1. Hello, What do you mean by taking the name of filthy animal?
  2. بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم W a salaam, Yes, what you have heard is true, and according to Islam, the penalty for an apostate is death. However, there are very important conditions. Eveyone may doubt about Allah s.w.t. or the Holy Prophet s.a.w.a. or any other certain Islamic belief, but that is not only ok, but also encouraged. We have been ordered to think and reflect upon our beliefs. Doubt, as late shahīd Motahhari says, is a bridge toward discovering the truth. A person who examines and analyzes the existence of God is not an apostate. Bare in mind that the death penalty is only for a person who openly announces his/her apostasy in which case the death penalty is a reasonable and necessary punishment. For more information and a detailed answer refer to the following link: http://www.islamquest.net/en/archive/question/fa4761 Peace!
  3. There are three issues: 1. Khums, which is obligatory on certain things, namely the profit, or gain from earning. At the end of every year, it is obligatory to pay one fifth of the remaining annual profit as khums, which is itself divided into two parts: half of it goes to the poor sayyids and the other half goes to the marji’ who will decide how and where to spend it. 2. Zakaat of the properties, which is obligatory on wheat, barley, dates, raisins, gold, silver, camel, cow, sheep (including goat), and as an obligatory precaution, the wealth in business. I think your question concerns the last case—the wealth in business. For full information about that see: http://www.sistani.org/english/book/48/2302/ 3. Zakat of Fitrah, which is obligatory on every Muslim with certain conditions at the sunset of the last day of the month of Ramadan. Peace!
  4. To be honest, I don't really get what you mean. Could you explain your question a bit more?
  5. The answer I provided was based on the verse I mentioned in my first answer. The verse says, "The seven heavens and the earth and whatever is in them exalt Him." which includes all human beings. But remember that the takwini submission is not an advantage, for it is an inherent, innate act that is done without one's will. Peace.
  6. You're welcome, As for the question you asked, the answer is yes, even the kaafirs and munaafiqs exalt Allah s.w.t. in the sense that each and every part of their bodies exalt Him, without their own realization. And this has nothing to do with their Kufr, since kufr is the opposite of belief which are both conscious acts, unlike the takwini submission which is a subconscious act. Peace.
  7. بسم الله الرحمن الرحیم Salaamun alaykum, Mary the mother of Prophet Jesus Christ (peace be upon them both) is absolutely one of the heights women in the world. However, to compare between her and lady Fatima az-Zahraa s.a. requires that we look at the non-Quranic authentic evidence, too. As we know, the holy Quran, for certain reasons mentioned in its own place, never adresses the Ahlul Bayt a.s. in a direct way. However, an abundant number of the verses in the Quran are about the Ahlul Bayt a.s. We can realize this through referring to the authentic ahaadith. Concerning the question at stake, there are tens of ahaadith narrated in both Sunni and Shia collections manifestly counting the four heighest women of the world, Mary the virgin being on of them. In one of these ahaadith, the holy Prophet s.a.w.a.recites the verse (وَإِذْ قَالَتِ الْمَلَائِكَةُ يَا مَرْيَمُ إِنَّ اللَّهَ اصْطَفَاكِ وَطَهَّرَكِ وَاصْطَفَاكِ عَلَىٰ نِسَاءِ الْعَالَمِينَ) [Surat Aal-E-Imran 42] tells Imam Ali a.s. that, (خير نساء العالمين أربع مريم بنت عمران و خديجة بنت خويلد و فاطمة بنت محمد و آسية بنت مزاحم) "The best women of the world (this would and the hereafter) are four, Maryam the daughter of Imraan, Khadija the daughter of Khuwaylid, Fatima the daughter of Muhammad, and Aasiya the daughter of Muzaahim." This hadith shows that each of the four reverent ladies has been the best woman of the world at her own time in addition to possessing standards that make them be included in the four best women of the world. Nevertheless, there are ahaadith about lady Fatima az-Zahraa s.a that emphasize on her being the best woman of the world in all times. أما فاطمة ابنتي فإنها سيدة نساء العالمين من الأولين والآخرين "As for Fatima, my daughter, she is the best of the women of the world, from the beginning to the end." [Alamaali, p113] Peace.
  8. بسم الله الرحمن الرحیم Salaamun alaykum, If I have understood you correctly you are asking about the two types of submission to the Creator. In the holy Quran, as well as the ahaadith of the Ahlul Bayt a.s., submission is divided into two types: takwini and tashri'i. Takwini submission is 5hat which includes all creatures with no exception. That is, all creatures are inherently submissive to Allah s.w.t. in an unconscious manner. The following verse is a good proof for this type of submission: (تُسَبِّحُ لَهُ السَّمَاوَاتُ السَّبْعُ وَالْأَرْضُ وَمَنْ فِيهِنَّ ۚ وَإِنْ مِنْ شَيْءٍ إِلَّا يُسَبِّحُ بِحَمْدِهِ وَلَٰكِنْ لَا تَفْقَهُونَ تَسْبِيحَهُمْ ۗ إِنَّهُ كَانَ حَلِيمًا غَفُورًا) [Surat Al-Isra' 44] "The seven heaven and the earth and whatever is in them exalt Him. And there is not a thing except that it exalt [Allah] by His praise, but you do not understand [their way of] exalting. Indeed, He is ever Forbearing and Forgiving." This verse evidently encompasses all creatures, living and unliving. This type of submission is called, in theology books, the takwini submission. The other type of submission, the tashri'i, is that which comes about by consciously submitting onself to Allah s.w.t. This sort of submission is exclusively for human being and the jinn, beings with free will. Peace.
  9. As for the sanad of the hadeeth, it is technically hasan, which means "good." When all or some of the narrators in a sanad are admired (mamdooh) but are not explicitly referred to as just ('aadil), that sanad will be hasan. Some of the ulamaa maintain that hasan hadeeths are authentic, while others do not. A third group of the ulamaa deem the hasan hadeeth authentic if the majority of ulamaa act upon it. Nevertheless, such hadeeths are so many that one can easily assert their authenticity. Concerning bad intentions in the Imam's (a.s.) mind, absolutely not. We believe that Imams are infallible and that they even do not entertain the thought of sins. The point in saying and behaving this way is, as Allama Majlisi r.a. says, to teach the other people and let them learn the sheer Islamic lifestyle. Peace!
  10. You're welcome, brother! Thank you very much, brother! But, we cannot generally say that whoever ends up with divorce will be punished, because divorce, though being the most undesirable halaal, is halaal, and it is sometimes the only solution. May Allah s.w.t. bless all of us, and we seek refuge to Him from being situated in such circumstances. Peace!
  11. W A Salaam, In all four cases, the man is allowed to marry his ex wife, temporarily or permanently, except in one situation: after the third divorce. So, the man who has divorced his wife (normal or khula) for the first or second time, can remarry her (mut'ah or permanent) after the completion of her iddah and recitation of the formula. But the man who has divorced his wife (normal or khula) for the third time, cannot remarry her, unless she marries another person with four conditions: the marriage should be permanent, not mut'ah; they have sexual intercourse; the husband divorces her or dies; she completes the iddah of divorce or death. After a marriage with these conditions, the first husband can marry that woman again. Peace!
  12. W A Salaam, Dear friend, talking to the opposite gender (non-mahram) in itself is not haraam, unless it entails haraam acts. However, be aware that talking with non-mahram, especially in the case of the youth, is one of the most dangerous traps of Satan, which draws the person into committing sins in the future without knowing it. In the beginning, it may have no effects, but little by little, it brings evil thoughts to one's mind, and these thoughts gradually become stronger and stronger, until they put the person in the trap of vice. Remember that this is no case where you trust yourself. Even Imam Ali a.s. who possesses the highest levels of piety says that he would not greet the young ladies. كَانَ أَمِيرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ (ع) يُسَلِّمُ عَلَى النِّسَاءِ وَ كَانَ يَكْرَهُ أَنْ يُسَلِّمَ عَلَى الشَّابَّةِ مِنْهُنَّ وَ يَقُولُ أَتَخَوَّفُ أَنْ يُعْجِبَنِي صَوْتُهَا فَيَدْخُلَ عَلَيَّ أَكْثَرُ مِمَّا أَطْلُبُ مِنَ الْأَجْرِ Narrated from Imam as-Saadiq a.s.: "The Commander of the Faithful used to greet the women, however, he disliked to greet the young ladies and he would say 'I fear that their voice might allure me, so that what enters me [bad thoughts] would be more than the reward I seek." [Al-Kaafi, vol. 2, p. 648] There are numerous hadeeths in this regard; if you would like, I can mention for you. So, if we had to talk to the non-mahram, we should keep seriousness and try not to talk in a friendly manner. Peace!
  13. في تفسير العياشي، عن الصادق ع، قال: ما علم الملائكة بقولهم: أ تجعل فيها من يفسد فيها و يسفك الدماء، لو لا أنهم قد كانوا رأوا من يفسد فيها و يسفك الدماء أقول: يمكن أن يشير بها إلى دورة في الأرض سابقة على دورة بني آدم هذه كما وردت فيه الأخبار Tafseer al-Ayyaashi narrated from Imam as-Saadiq a.s.: If the angles had not seen men who would cause corruption in it (the Earth), and shed blood, they would not have said "Will You set in it someone who will cause corruption in it, and shed blood?" This may be an indication to an era on Earth prior to the era of the sons of Adam, as mentioned in narrations. [Al-Meezaan, vol.1, p. 119] Peace!
  14. According to the traditions and some interpreters' viewpoints, the current generation of mankind is not from Abel or Cain, it’s from Adam’s (A.S) other son, Seth. However, when it comes to the marriage of Adam’s (A.S) children, there are some viewpoints among Muslim scholars, each mentioning reasons from Quran and traditions for their viewpoints. Some of these viewpoints are briefly mentioned here: 1- It was a marriage among siblings. Since it was not forbidden by God to marry a sibling and because there was no other way to preserve Adam's (A.S) offspring, therefore this type of marriage was acceptable at that time. 2- Since it was impossible for Adam's (A.S) children to marry each other, they married girls from other races and generations living on earth. Then their children became cousins and married among themselves. This view is supported by some traditions as well; since Adam (A.S) was not the first man on earth and he was preceded by other human races. However, the first viewpoint seems to be more compliant with Quran's text; as some interpreters – like Allamah Tabatabai have advocated. The detailed answer is here: http://www.islamquest.net/en/archive/question/fa560 Peace!
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