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In the Name of God بسم الله


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Everything posted by Sumerian

  1. Selling and preparing intoxicants or pork is something which must be avoided. Same goes with selling haram meat of animals other than pork according to some scholars, among them is Sistani. However, Sistani has no issue with preparing haram meat to those who believe it is halal according to them, with the exception of pork ofcourse. What has to be said is that there is also a difference between selling, delivering or preparing alcohol and pork, and recieving the price for those things. 296. Question: Is a Muslim allowed to work in grocery stores that sell liquor in one of its sections, and his work is only as a cashier? Answer: He is allowed to receive the price of items other than liquor and also the price of liquor, if the buyers are non-Muslims. Source: https://www.al-islam.org/a-code-of-practice-for-muslims-in-the-west-ayatullah-sistani/work-investment However, keep in mind that delivery and transfer of alcohol is haram aswell. السؤال: شخص يعمل في سوبر ماركت ومن ضمن عمله نقل صناديق الخمر، فهل يجوز له ذلك؟ الجواب: لا يجوز نقل الخمر. https://www.sistani.org/arabic/qa/02213/ Question: A man works in a supermarket, and part of his work is to transfer [move around] boxes of alcohol, is that permissible? Answer: It is not permissible to transfer alcohol. This may mean even as a cashier, when it comes to recieving the price of the liquor, you may have to avoid physically grabbing the bottle/can and handing it over to the buyer. The best thing is for a Muslim to avoid working in such environments in the first place.
  2. حدَّثني أبي ؛ ومحمّد بن الحسن ، عن الحسين بن الحسن بن أبان ، عن الحسين بن سعيد ، عن فضّالَة بن أيّوب ؛ وصفوان ؛ وابن أبي عُمَير جميعاً ، عن معاوية بن عمّار ، عن أبي عبدالله عليه السلام «قال : إذا دخلت المدينة فاغتسل قبل أن تدخلها أو حين تريد أن تدخلها ثمّ تأتي قبر النَّبيّ صلّى الله عليه وآله وسلّم فتسلّم على رسول الله ثمّ تقوم عند الاُسطوانة المقدّمة عن جانب القبر الأيمن عند رأس القبر وأنت مستقبل القبلة ومَنْكِبُك الأيسرُ إلى جانب القبر ومَنْكِبُك الأيمن ممّا يلي المِنبر ، فإنّه موضع رأس النّبيِّ صلّى الله عليه وآله وسلّم وتقول : «أشْهَدُ أنْ لا إلـهَ إلاَّ اللهُ وَحْدَهُ لا شَريكَ لَهُ، وَأشْهَدُ أنَّ مُحَمَّداً عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ، وَأشْهَدُ أنَّكَ رَسُولُ اللهِ، وَأنَّكَ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللهِ، وَأشْهَدُ أنَّكَ قَدْ بَلَّغْتَ رِسالاتِ رَبِّكَ، وَنَصَحْتَ لإُمَّتِكَ، وَجاهَدْتَ في سَبيلِ اللهِ، وَعَبَدْتَ اللهَ حَتّى أتاكَ الْيَقينُ بِالْحِكْمَةِ وَالْمَوْعِظَةِ الْحَسَنَةِ، وَأدَّيْتَ الَّذي عَلَيْكَ مِنَ الْحَقِّ، وَأنَّكَ قَدْ رَؤُفْتَ بِالْمُؤْمِنينَ، وَغَلُظْتَ عَلَى الْكافِرينَ، فَبَلَّغَ اللهُ بِكَ أفْضَلَ شَرَفِ مَحَلِّ الْمُكَرَّمينَ، الْحَمْدُ للهِ الَّذي إسْتَنْقَذَنا بِكَ مِنَ الشِّرْكِ وَالضَّلالَةِ، اللّـهُمَّ اجْعَلْ صَلَواتِكَ، وَصَلَواتِ مَلائِكَتِكَ الْمُقَرَّبينَ، وعِبادِك الصّالحين وَأنْبِيائِكَ الْمُرْسَلينَ، وَأهْلِ السَّماواتِ وَالاَْرَضينَ؛ وَمَنْ سَبَّحَ لِرَبِّ الْعالَمينَ مِنَ الاَْوَّلينَ وَالاَْخِرينَ عَلى مُحَمَّدٍ عَبْدِكَ وَرَسُوِلِكَ وَنَبِيِّكَ وَأمينِكَ وَنَجِيِّكَ وَحَبيبِكَ وَصَفِيِّكَ وَخاصَّتِكَ وَ صَفْوَتِكَ وَخِيَرَتِكَ مِنْ خَلْقِكَ، اللّـهُمَّ وأعْطِهِ الدَّرَجَةَ و الْوَسيلَةَ مِنَ الْجَّنَةِ، وَابْعَثْهُ مَقاماً مَحْمُوداً يَغْبِطُهُ بِهِ الاَْوَّلُونَ وَالاَْخِرُونَ، اللّـهُمَّ إنَّكَ قُلْتَ: (وَلَوْ أنَّهُمْ إذْ ظَلَمُوا أنْفُسَهُمْ جاؤُكَ فَاسْتَغْفَرُوا اللهَ وَاسْتَغْفَرَ لَهُمُ الرَّسُولُ لَوَجَدُوا اللهَ تَوّاباً رَحيماً ) ، وَإنّي أتَيْتُ نَبيَّكَ مُسْتَغْفِرًا تائِباً مِنْ ذُنُوبي، وَإنّي أتَوَجَّهُ إليكَ بنَبيِّك نَبي الرَّحمةِ محمّدٍ صلّى الله عليه وآله وسلّم ، يا محمّدُ إنّي أتَوَجَّه إلَى اللهِ رَبّي وَرَبِّكَ [بِكَ] لِيَغْفِرَ لي ذُنُوبي» ، This hadith, from Kamil Al-Ziyarat, tells us that we can go to the Prophet's grave, and ask him to ask Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى) to make Du'a for us to forgive us, and this is in accordance with the Verse which told us to do so. One may make the argument that the Verse was only speaking to the munafiqeen, but this is a failed argument, as the Qur'an in other Verses made clear that there is no forgiveness for the munafiq, even if the Prophet (saww) asked Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى) to forgive them. So how can Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى) ask the Prophet (saww) to make istighfar for them, when He Himself said there is no istighfar for them in other Verses? Nonsensical. One may also make the claim that the Prophet (saww) is dead, so he cannot hear us. We say that the same way the salam we send to the Prophet (saww) in every salat we pray is recieved by the Prophet (saww) by way of miracle - which is something all Muslims agree happens - there is no issue with him also recieving our plea for him to make Du'a for us for forgiveness, especially when you are near his grave, such as in the above text. This is a miracle from Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى), it isn't the work of the Prophet (saww).
  3. Even if we consider it najis, as some marja's do, it depends on whether it was on his wudhu parts before or after wudhu. If he had already done wudhu, and najasa fell on him, it does not invalidate his wudhu at all.
  4. I guess you can say that about any country. Right now if Iran's airspace was violated by a US or Israeli drone, and it attacked a nuclear site, and for argument's sake let us say no one even died, it was just infrastructure damage, there would probably still be calls for a military retaliation and a great section of the Iranian populas would call for all out war. Meanwhile hundreds of Iranians die daily, and it has become a norm. Heck, more Americans die of the flu each year than 9/11. More Americans die of cancer than 9/11. More Americans die from traffic accidents than 9/11. More Americans die from drug abuse than 9/11. More Americans die from incapability to pay for a medical treatment than 9/11. It is not a uniquely American thing, these types of deaths are ones which humans have gotten accustomed to, while an attack from a foreigner is viewed in a different light. Even if 9/11 resulted in 100 deaths, the US would probably have still went to war. I personally don't have an issue with either masks or vaccines, I'm actually vaccinated, what is concerning however is unchecked State power when it comes to restricting people's ability to earn livelihoods or just to do normal human things, like go out for a walk after 9pm (such is the case in certain jurisdictions in Australia), or leave your home without a "permit" (North Korea style rules in a Western democratic country), or have military in your streets.
  5. Freedoms were eroded as a result of 9/11, not just in the United States but in the West in general. Mass surveillance was introduced and police were given extra powers, all for the sake of "saving lives and stopping terror attacks". There is a security-liberty balance that is always changing depending on the circumstances at hand, and it is happening right now like we see with Covid. The difference is that right now, in the US, the calls for extra Government powers in dealing with the health crisis is partisan, while the emergency and extra powers given to Government due to 9/11 was bipartisan.
  6. I am not anti-vaccine. You should get the vaccine to save yourself from infection, and if your healthy and not worried about potential infection, you can also potentially save another soul by reducing potential transmission. My issue is with the excessive restrictions. Right now there areas in my State, NSW, where there is not even one case, and yet they are under full lockdown. In some places in Sydney there are places that are under curfew (not allowed out at night, even to get food), no public gatherings at all, no visitors to your house, constant policing at your doorstep, and most people can't even go to work because you need a permit to even travel and go to work - and that only includes "essential and authorised businesses". One guy left his mandatory home quarantine and he became public enemy number one, they literally sent an elite police force just to detain one person. If you are caught outside and police ask you where are you going or what you are doing, you better have a good excuse. The harshest of the restrictions are happening in also the most low-income and multicultural parts of Sydney. This story even made international news, look how nonsensical this response is: https://www.smh.com.au/national/nsw/rescue-dogs-shot-dead-by-nsw-council-due-to-covid-19-restrictions-20210821-p58ksh.html For those interested in what the restrictions are, this is some rundown; https://www.theguardian.com/australia-news/2021/sep/10/nsw-covid-19-lockdown-restrictions-sydney-suburbs-regional-new-south-wales-lgas-act-canberra-update-coronavirus-face-mask-rules-explained-5km-radius-travel-masks Same story goes for Melbourne, in fact their response is even worse and more extreme. People and businesses are hurting like crazy, and that was all done in the pursuit of Covid Zero (which has been abandoned, thankfully). This was beyond flattening the curve or stopping hospitals being overrun, this was politicians giving health officials the power to implement whatever they want as law, with the use of super police powers and the military.
  7. To be fair one has to figure out if the cure has become worse than the virus itself. Just look at the pathetic overreaching restrictions implemented in some of the cities of my country, Australia.
  8. Where is your evidence that this is the tafsir of the Ayah? It certainly may be the reason of nuzool, but that does not mean it doesn't intend all those munafiqeen that hid their kufr and showed Imaan and Islam, especially the Ayah in 63:6. I don't know if you are Shi'i or otherwise, but based on the hadiths we have, this Ayah seems to be directed generally. We take our tafasir first and foremost from the Imams (عليه السلام), not our own hawa.
  9. The Verse seems to be general and not just pointing at the hypocrites of the time, and seemingly there is also no forgiveness for hypocrites, even if the Prophet (saww) asked for their forgiveness, based on this Ayah: It is all the same for them whether you ask forgiveness for them or do not ask forgiveness for them; never will Allah forgive them. Indeed, Allah does not guide the defiantly disobedient people. [Al-Munafiqun]
  10. There are only 2 reasons why one should be trying to figure out the authenticity of a certain Du'a. 1- There is a certain religious belief or principle we are trying to establish, and a strong chain of narrators can help us in this case. 2- Regarding niyyah. Can we intend istihbaab if the Du'a has come to us via weak chain, or should we intend rajaa (hope it is mustahab)? This is a Fiqhi matter, and there is difference between the jurists, but in either case, both positions accept that thawab and ajr will be given to the recitor of the Du'a. Du'a is simply a way to communicate with Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى), technically a believer can make up his own Du'a. There is no need to actively search for chains and what not.
  11. People will say that the Holy Qur'an commands us to make Du'a to Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى) directly, and we do indeed have such Du'as in our traditions, hundreds of them, and we should be reciting them night and day. You can find them in any hadith book, any Du'a book, or even the edicts of our ulama. Not all Du'as have to be done the same way though, and the reason why the believers do tawassul is because the chances of the acceptance of Du'a depends on many things. 1- Belief and taqwa, obviously 2- Whether it is in your interest for this Du'a to be accepted in the first place 3- What you say in the Du'a 4- Where you say the Du'a 5- How genuine you are when you make the Du'a For example, it is said the Du'a of the mother for her child's sake is accepted. Would it contradict the belief that one should make Du'a directly to Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى) should he ask his mother to make Du'a for him? No, that would be nonsensical. Would anyone argue that Du'a in your own house is equivalent to making Du'a in the Masjid Al-Haram? Ofcourse not. Would anyone suggest that our Du'a is the same as the Du'a of the Prophets and Imams? No. The whole purpose is to raise your chances of your Du'a being accepted, and there are many methods and utilities a believer may seek to achieve that goal. Asking the Imams (عليه السلام) to make Du'a for you is not controversial at all. The only time which I can think of where it is baatil is in salat, because speaking to the creation, no matter how great the creation is, whether it be a Prophet or an Imam, is not allowed during salat, and will make your salat void. Only speaking to the Lord (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى) is permissible in salat.
  12. That may be true, although Al-Majlisi (rah) did claim he that he found the text of it in a print from a earlier book, but disregarding even that, the content is hardly controversial when in comparison with the other ziyaraat and duas that we know are from our earlier books.
  13. Nothing is wrong about this, this is asking the Imam (عليه السلام) to intercede to this person before Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى). There is no difference between this and asking the Prophet (saww) to ask Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى) to forgive your sins. Literally it is a request from a person to a ma'soom to make Du'a for him. And yes, these examples are available in our hadiths, for example in Ziyarat Al-Jami'ah we read: I seek your intercession for me with Allah the Almighty and All-majestic, I seek nearness to Him in your names, I provide you as my means for seeking fulfillment of my desires, needs, and wishes, in all of my manners and affairs, I believe in your invisibility, visibility, presence, absence, first, and last of you; and I confide all that to you and submit to all of it with you. This is a ziyarah that many of our classical scholars, including Shaykh Al-Saduq (rah), considered authentic, meaning they had no issues with its content at all. And the Verses of the Holy Qur'an regarding the mushrikeen, may Allah curse them, do not apply to this. The pagans would give their idols divine attributes and claim that Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى) had delegated the running of the affairs of the world to them, which means the pagans would ask them to create and give sustenance. This is Du'a and Salat to other than Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى), and this isn't what the above says. I would say that we should take our Deen from our Imams (عليه السلام), not from our own interpretations.
  14. Not to derail the topic, but any idea on the meaning of Manaf?
  15. Isn't it pronounced "Munaf", rather than Manaf? https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=Y-9iuV9tXAw
  16. In the context of geopolitics, what happened in Tunisia is just another example of the rivalry between Qatar/Turkey and UAE/KSA. This is also very relevant to the Libyan crisis, as the Muslim Brotherhood affiliated Libyans have now lost an important ally and voice for them.
  17. How strange, I have a feeling if he had dedicated his lecture to exposing the current oppressors in modern revolutionary style, you would have applauded his performance. Exposing the people of innovation and kufr, whether they are from pre-historic times or whether they are in our current times is a beautiful thing. This is bara'ah, and it is a moral duty, otherwise why do we expose Yazid (la)? Why does the Holy Qur'an mention the stories of the tyrants such as Fir'aun (la) and others? Why are we commanded by our Ahlulbayt (عليه السلام) in our most authentic of narrations to expose the people of bid'ah? Now you might aswell say, the biography of Yazid (la) is more relevant to Imam Al-Husayn's (عليه السلام) life, but that would be mistaken from two angles, 1) The people you mentioned and Yazid (la) were the enemies of the same Household, just as Yazid (la) was the enemy of Husayn (عليه السلام), they were also the enemies of Husayn (عليه السلام). 2) In Ziyarat Ashura, we curse those who created the grounds and foundations for the martyrdom of Imam Al-Husayn (عليه السلام). No doubt that some of whom you mentioned did create those grounds. And you should have pleasure when you expose any fasiq or munafiq, this is the sign of bara'ah, anything out of hatred for fisq and disobedience to Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى) and His Commands is necessary. And know that among you is the Messenger of Allah . If he were to obey you in much of the matter, you would be in difficulty, but Allah has endeared to you the faith and has made it pleasing in your hearts and has made hateful to you disbelief, defiance and disobedience. Those are the [rightly] guided. [49:7] There are many things to criticise Sayed Ammar on, but exposing "certain figures" isn't one of them. I would agree with you on one angle, which is to leave the polemics aside. It would be much better if he used our own books to expose those certain figures, instead of engaging in futile arguments with the mukhalifeen.
  18. The difference of opinion on fasting on the Day of Ashura is actually quite unique. Some of our scholars declared fasting outright haram, some of our scholars declared fasting to be makruh or less rewarding than imsak till Asr time, some said it is mustahab if it is conditioned with grief, and finally some said it is unconditionally mustahab. All agree it is haram to fast for the sake of joy with regards to the killing of Imam Al-Husayn (عليه السلام). As for what you said regarding what is haram on the Day of Ashura, while permissible in other days, the answer is anything which violates the sanctity of the Day is haram, for example participating in joyful events (such as weddings). Some scholars also declared it makruh to work on the Day of Ashura, or to attend to any worldly matter.
  19. Combat operations in Iraq were declared over and done with a month ago, but the training, equipment maintenance and intelligence missions remain mostly at the request of the Iraqi Government. The Iraqi military still conducts anti-ISIS operations with the support of US troops till this day. In any case, most bases that housed US troops have been returned to the Iraqi military, so the US presence is very low compared to even 2 years ago. As for Syria, the US maintains a very small presence in Syria, which is very low-cost compared to the presence in Afghanistan. The SDF also seems to be more capable than the Afghan military aswell, and isn't really engaging in full-scale combat right now. I think the US came to the conclusion that it would either need a surge in troop levels in Afghanistan (very unpopular) to keep the Taliban at bay and to support the Afghan government when the Taliban begins full-scale operations, or it should pullout and cut costs. Biden looked at the options and chose pulling it, because the alternative was an unwinnable forever war that requires a certain amount of troop levels. The same cannot be said in Iraq and Syria, where America's self-declared interests are being met at relatively low-cost.
  20. Even though these countries liberalised as a result of their relationship with the US, which will naturally bring about trade with the Western world, the regimes themselves did not fall, and Vietnam is just like China, it is capitalist but there is alot of central planning especially in key industries and sectors, and the Party is still very much in an authoritative position. Speaking of which, the Iranian economy is not very different either.
  21. It seems I may have judged Iceland a little too quickly, although it does seem strange to implement restrictions if the Chief Epidemiologist is claiming this now; Post-vaccination herd immunity in Iceland must be achieved by virus transmission – https://riotimesonline.com/brazil-news/covid-19/herd-immunity-must-be-achieved-by-transmission-of-the-virus-says-icelands-epidemiologist/ It seems they have given thought to following the Swedish model, but protecting the vulnerable at the same time (booster shots).
  22. Meanwhile in Sweden; https://www.reuters.com/article/us-health-coronavirus-europe-mortality-idUSKBN2BG1R9 Not much of a difference between its mortality rate between 2020 and 2019, making it hard to justify a lockdown in its own country. I know this isn't the same for other countries that experienced a high death rate, but maybe the question of immunity through natural infection shouldn't have been dismissed as easily as it was. Sweden is also vaccinating which is good, and gives it an even greater layer of protection than it previously had, making it less likely to implement restrictions.
  23. Well if hospitalisations do increase to the point where the hospital system is overstressed, even after the entire population has been vaccinated, that kind of makes the hype around the greatness of these vaccines a little funny. Yes they saved lives, but if we keep locking down after we have been vaccinated, then these vaccines have obviously failed to make society viable again for reopening, which means a miserable society for the younger less effected populations and a crushing blow to the economy and people's livelihoods. To me that means they failed, and the media and certain politicians will have then lied when they claimed these vaccines will end the locking down of societies, furthermore the general public will eventually grow fatigued of these restrictions, as they will feel they have done their part (locking down, getting vaccinated, tested, social distancing etc...). Now leaving the UK aside as the current right-wing government seems to be looking for a way out of this pandemic, and is confident in its hospital system coping with a potential increase in hospitalisations, there are other countries that will panic straight away, for example the nearly fully vaccinated Iceland, and plunge the country into yet another set of restrictions despite very little reports of serious hospitalisations or deaths. This also paints a picture of where Western societies are also currently at, the Left will be pro-government measures, while the Right will be against, for many months, and potentially years, to come. All other issues will become secondary.
  24. Even if the whole world was vaccinated from today, there is no guarantee that countries (especially ones with a hysterical media) will accept the hospitalisations and deaths that come with opening up society only from the mutations that we currently have, let alone any future strains.
  25. Iceland had even declared the pandemic over within its own borders at one stage, and lifted all restrictions. Some people even said they may have reached "herd immunity". Now back again, with the restrictions. What is strange to me is that they returned to restrictions this early and gave warnings about their health infrastructure, despite the relatively low hospitalisation and death. People hear "cases" and panic, leading to government overreach, in the name of safety. If this approach continues we will not return to pre-pandemic freedoms, which is what we were sold the vaccines would do.
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