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In the Name of God بسم الله

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  1. 104 points
    Reza

    A New Years Gift to You!

    Happy 2017 Everybody! Enjoy the largest tag tower ever created, designed by me but created by YOU! Find your personalized enscribed brick of the tower here! @Ali @Abbas. @Ya Aba 3abdillah @repenter @Qa'im @hameedeh @Administrator @Abu Hadi @Dhulfikar @H2O @Haji 2003 @Haydar Husayn @Khadim uz Zahra @magma @Muhammed Ali @notme @starlight @Cake @Heavenly_Silk @ShiaChat Moderator @Gaius I. Caesar @Hamzah313 @baradar_jackson @IbnSina @Martyrdom @kamyar @Pearl178 @Shaykh Patience101 @Abraram @Aabiss_Shakari @Marbles @Ruq @Darth Vader @mina @Ibn al-Hussain @Chaotic Muslem @Ali Musaaa :) @Abu Tufayl @Akbar673 @AnaAmmar1 @Laayla @DigitalUmmah @uponthesunnah @haideriam @shiaman14 @-Enlightened @Propaganda_of_the_Deed @LeftCoastMom @King @Gypsy @Shia_Debater @hasanhh @E.L King @zainabamy @Sapphire @Ali Mahdi @Sumayyeh @narsis @Al-Hassan @Al-Mufeed @Ali-F @Kamranistan @Hasan0404 @Bakir @Brained @Noah- @kadhim @IbnSohan @Maryaam @Wise Muslim @GreyMatter @wolverine @placid @Son of Placid @pwwnd123 @alidu78 @YAli @sidnaq @Fresh-imaan @Shiawarrior313 @Hassan Y @StarryNight @Jimmy Boy @Hussein_Valerio @yusur317 @ErikCartman @j.angel @kirtc @Struggling_onn @LinkZelda @hayaah @Irfani313 @apofomysback @Irfan1214 @Niloofar @sefket83 @ali_fatheroforphans @Zendegi @Islandsandmirrors @Aftahb @Afsaneh14 @Aladin from Azra tribe @Engineer73 @ChattingwithShias @Mansur Bakhtiari @habib e najjaar @Ibn Al-Shahid @HumanForLife @Enlightened Follower @SoRoUsH @The_Bible @Replicant @silasun @Islamic Salvation @coldcow @zeesh_ali110 @Caliguy @Zahra1 @Ali.Isa @A true Sunni @Wahdat @Nader Zaveri @jannahismygoal @Ethics @Rasul @P. Ease @Saintly_Jinn23 @BabyBeaverIsAKit @Miss Wonderful @Jebreil @.InshAllah. @shiasoldier786 @aliasghark @Lover of Ahlulbait (ams) @ireallywannaknow @Basim Ali @Noor al Batul @Inquisitor @alHussein @skamran110 @certainclarity @alirex @Jahangiram @power @Naz_ @reisiger @realizm @Servidor @mesbah @Tonks @beardedbaker @lalala123 @S.M.H.A. @eThErEaL @Ibn Al-Ja'abi @Al-Hussayni @Christianlady @SlaveOfAllah14 @Fatima Hussain @Hidaren @Rohani @amirhosein_88 @ElAhmed @skylight2 @saas @enigma313 @Mahdi servant.01 @hezbul-ghaaleb @iCambrian @Convertible @Logic @Golden-crowned @alisayyed @gentleman. @Murtada @Panzerwaffe @pyaro @RiseOrDie @rkazmi33 @Ozzy @JawzofDETH @tawakkal @Anisa Bandeh Khoda @myouvial @HayderM @Auriba @amr @Jaabir @Shian e Ali @Shia farm girl @iraqi_shia @strength=Abbas @Faruk @abbas110 @Ya_isa (عليه السلام) @Khudayar @maes @David66 @wmehar2 @Amina @Highflyer @Haydar Karrar @sadegh @Journey of Truth @syeduddin @Al Hadi @QiiQii @Jaffery15 @sayedamir2000 @It's me hello @Lordofgemini @000 @forte @Mzwakhe @saeid tavakoli @SO SOLID Shia @Deewan @mostafaa @yam_110 @The Light @Salati AbdulQadir @Quisant @ShiaBwoy @AnotherShepherd @mayf321d @Purged @andres @Ron_Burgundy @Mahdi_theguideforall @aliyah21 @gerashi_mp @diyaa110 @Yasmin P @Nadia. @313 Seeker @shiarevert_1628 @yashia @Fatima NMA @rotten_coconut @Nocturne @shreek @~RuQaYaH~ @ephemeral @yasahebalzaman.313 @Sadat110 @salman1 @JasmineAila @Abdul Majid @ice unicorn @thuglife @sakura1994 @layman @onereligion @Fish @Syed.Dynasty @110_Fatima @Asr @Syed Hussain @Ali Hamieh @Kilij @Inception @humanbeing101 @Alireza Huseini @Shaikh Hakim @Musa Sadr @Jay @Pearl3112 @Mohamed1993 @NormaL_UseR @Janaat @Renaissance_Man @Chipkali @ChristianVisitor @Fahad Sani @Mahdavist @MuhammadXII @Inconsolable @Wisdom007 @Night_Inshallah @Mahdi Mortezapour @Jawid Akbari @Nataly @Learner2526 @Rectify @Jafar moh @Jahangiram @Belle @Kamaaluddeen al-Ismail @Muslim3388 @Amber Saif @MuhammedAli @Al-Qibli @Palabras @Semanta @shia2000 @Habil Ali @Sol 7 @Ali Ruh @Hashasheen217 @Aquib Rizvi @zahraaa1 @Zuljenah@TimeforM @Danish-Ali @ireallywannaknow@Netzari@goldenhawk@Zakariya Ali@Quiet one @mesbah@Peer@chitown@humanbeing101@ElAhmed
  2. 47 points
    Salaam alaykum, I am very proud to present the culmination of nearly ten years of research on the Twelfth Imam, al-Hujja b. a-Hasan, al-Mahdi, al-Qa'im, the Patron of Time, peace be upon him. This is by far the most comprehensive English work on the subject. It is a compilation of the most ancient and most reliable hadiths on the Mahdi from Twelver Shīʿī sources. Learn about the birth of the Twelfth Imam, his occultation, his ambassadors, his inevitable return, Islamic eschatology, and much more. Paperback now available on Amazon: https://www.amazon.com/dp/1790653827 E-book available: https://www.amazon.com/Rise-Qaim-Appearance-Established-Narrations-ebook/dp/B07L2K8GW2/ref=sr_1_sc_1?s=digital-text&ie=UTF8&qid=1543840819&sr=1-1-spell&keywords=the+rise+of+fthe+qa'im Big big thanks and duas for those who helped me in this project. Namely, @Abu Nur @Ibn al-Hussain @Cake @Abu Tufayl @Hannibal May you be rewarded for your assistance. ---------------------------- "... an essential compendium concerning the concept of the Mahdi in the English language ... A highly welcomed effort, it is useful for researchers as well as those wanting to understand the idea of the Mahdi within the context of the classical literature on the subject." -- Sayyid Hussain Makke "... a fresh and insightful approach to the translation of traditions concerning the twelfth Imam and the rising of the Qa’im ... it is my hope that this work will be of benefit to all seekers of knowledge who wish to become further acquainted with the Twelfth Imam (ajt) and his coming." -- Shaykh Vinay Khetia "A long awaited and much-needed work for the English-speaking world. In an age where skepticism regarding religious beliefs is prevalent, the author has collected many of the reliable traditions on the subject of the Mahdi (a) and has made them readily accessible." -- Sayyid Ali Imran "The most comprehensive hadith compilation about the twelth Imam present in the English language." -- Dr. Taymaz Tabrizi "Trained in both secular academia and in the sciences of the seminary Bilal Muhammad combines the very best of both worlds especially when it comes to his methodological rigour in selecting the narrations of this work." -- Dr. Francisco Luis
  3. 41 points
    [This will be a series of blog entries on the history of ShiaChat.com; how it was founded, major ups and down, politics and issues behind running such a site and of course, the drama! I will also provide some feedback on development efforts, new features and future goals and objectives] Part 1 - The IRC (#Shia) Days! Sit children, gather around and let me speak to you of tales of times before there was ever high-speed Internet, Wi-Fi, YouTube or Facebook; a time when the Internet was a much different place and 15 yearold me was still trying to make sense of it all. In the 90s, the Internet was a very different place; no social media, no video streaming and downloading an image used to take anywhere from 5-10 minutes depending on how fast your 14.4k monster-sized dial-up modem was. Of course you also had to be lucky enough for your mom to have the common courtesy not to disconnect you when you’re in the middle of a session; that is if you were privileged enough to have Internet at home and not have to spend hours at school or libraries, or looking for AOL discs with 30 hour free trials..(Breathe... breathe... breathe) - I digress. Back in 1998 when Google was still a little computer sitting in Larry Page and Sergey Brin’s basement, I was engaged in endless debates with our Sunni brothers on an IRC channel called #Shia. (Ok, a side note here for all you little pups. This is not read as Hashtag Shia, the correct way of reading this is “Channel Shia”. The “Hashtag” was a much cooler thing back in the day than the way you young’uns use it today). For those of you who don’t know what IRC was (or is... as it still exists), it stands for Internet Relay Chat, which are servers available that you could host chat rooms in and connect through a client. It was like the Wild West where anyone can go and “found” their own channel (chat room), become an operator and reign down their god-like dictator powers upon the minions that were to join as a member of their chat room. Luckily, #Shia had already been established for a few years before by a couple of brothers I met from Toronto, Canada (Hussain A. and Mohammed H.). Young and eager, I quickly rose up the ranks to become a moderator (@Ali) and the chatroom quickly became an important part of my adolescent years. I learned everything I knew from that channel and met some of the most incredible people. Needless to say, I spent hours and dedicated a good portion of my life on the chatroom; of course, the alternate was school and work but that was just boring to a 15-year-old. In the 90’s, creating a website was just starting to be cool so I volunteered to create a website for #Shia to advertise our services, who we are, what we do as well as have a list of moderators and administrators that have volunteered to maintain #Shia. As a result, #Shia’s first website was hosted on a friend’s server under the URL http://786-110.co.uk/shia/ - yes, ShiaChat.com as a domain did not exist yet – was too expensive for my taste so we piggybacked on one of our member’s servers and domain name. The channel quickly became popular, so popular that we sometimes outnumbered our nemesis, #Islam. As a result, our moderator team was growing as well and we needed a website with an application that would help us manage our chatroom in a more efficient style. Being a global channel, it was very hard to do “shift transfers” and knowledge transfers between moderators as the typical nature of a chatroom is the fact that when a word is typed, its posted and its gone after a few seconds – this quickly became a pain point for us trying to maintain a list of offenders to keep an eye out for and have it all maintained in a historical, easily accessible way. A thought occurred to me. Why not start a “forum” for the moderators to use? The concept of “forums” or discussion boards was new to the Internet – it was the seed of what we call social media today. The concept of having a chat-style discussion be forever hosted online and be available for everyone to view and respond to at any time from anywhere was extremely well welcomed by the Internet users. I don’t recall what software or service I initially used to set that forum up, but I did – with absolutely no knowledge that the forum I just set up was a tiny little acorn that would one day be the oak tree that is ShiaChat.com. [More to follow, Part 2..] So who here is still around from the good old #Shia IRC days?
  4. 38 points
    Qa'im

    Dietary And Medicinal Hadiths

    as-salaam `alaykum, I wanted to dedicate this thread to various foods the Ahl al-Bayt have recommended and their specific benefits. وعن علي بن محمد ، عن أحمد بن أبي عبدالله ، عن أبان ابن عبد الملك ، عن إسماعيل بن جابر ، عن أبي عبدالله ( عليه السلام ) ، قال : إنا لنبدأ بالخل عندنا كما تبدؤون بالملح عندكم وإن الخل ليشد العقل . Imam Ja`far as-Sadiq [a] said, "We start our meals with vinegar like you start yours with salt, and surely vinegar strengthens the intellect." (al-Kafi) "Acetic Acid bacteria helps memory and response times in middle-aged and elderly patients" https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/jaam/6/7/6_7_60/_article محمد بن يحيى ، عن أحمد بن محمد بن عيسى عن محمد بن سنان ، عن موسى بن بكر قال : قال لي أبوالحسن ( عليه السلام ) : مالي أراك مصفرا ؟ قلت : وعك أصابني ، فقال : كل اللحم ، فأكلته ، ثم رآني بعد جمعة وأنا على حالي مصفرا ، فقال لي : ألم آمرك بأكل اللحم ؟ فقلت : ما أكلت غيره منذ أمرتني ، قال : كيف تأكله ؟ قلت : طبيخا ، قال : لا كله كبابا ، فأكلته ، ثم أرسل إليّ فدعاني بعد جمعة فاذا الدم قد عاد في وجهي ، فقال : الآن نعم . Imam Musa al-Kadhim [a] said to a man, "Why is it that you are looking pale?" The man said, "I am ill." The Imam [a] said, "Eat meat." So he ate meat, and after a Friday, the man was still looking pale. The Imam [a] said, "Did I not command you to eat meat?" The man said, "I have not eaten anything other than it since you commanded me." The Imam [a] said, "How did you eat it?" The man said, "Cooked." Imam al-Kadhim [a] then said, "No, eat it as a kebab." So he ate kebab, then the Imam sent [a man] to him and called him after a Friday, and behold, the blood had returned to his face. (al-Kafi) "Conclusions: Minced beef is more rapidly digested and absorbed than beef steak, which results in increased amino acid availability and greater postprandial protein retention. However, this does not result in greater postprandial muscle protein synthesis rates." http://ajcn.nutrition.org/content/98/1/121.long وعن محمد بن علي ، عن ابن بقاح ، عن الحكم بن أيمن ، عن أبي اُسامة ، عن أبي عبدالله ( عليه السلام ) ، قال : قال رسول الله ( صلى الله عليه وآله ) : عليكم باللحم ، فإن اللحم ينمي اللحم ، ومن مضى به أربعون صباحا لم يأكل اللحم ساء خلقه ، ومن ساء خلقه فأطعموه اللحم The Prophet Muhammad said, "Eat meat, for flesh makes flesh grow. Whoever has forty mornings pass by him in which he did not eat meat, his nature is worsened. Feed meat to he whose nature is worsened." (Wasa'il ash-Shi`a) http://www.bodybuilding.com/fun/eat-your-meat-the-muscle-building-bounty-of-beef-and-fish.html ـ محمد بن يعقوب ، عن محمد بن يحيى ، عن محمد بن موسى رفعه ، عن أبي عبدالله ( عليه السلام ) ، أنه قال : سويق العدس يقطع العطش ويقوى المعدة ، وفيه شفاء من سبعين داء ، ويطفئ الصفراء ، ويبرد الجوف ، وكان إذا سافر ( عليه السلام ) لا يفارقه ، وكان يقول ( عليه السلام ) إذا هاج الدم بأحد من حشمه يقول له : اشرب من سويق العدس ، فإنّه يسكن هيجان الدم ، ويطفئ الحرارة . Imam Ja`far as-Sadiq [a] said, "Lentil stew cuts off thirst and strengthens the stomach. There is a cure from seventy ailments in it, and it extinguishes the yellow bile and cools the abdomen. Drink lentil stew, for it calms the eruption of the blood, and extinguishes the heat." (Wasa'il) Lentils are high in magnesium, which improves the flow of blood, oxygen, and nutrients throughout the body. They also remove bile in the digestive tract, and stabilize blood-sugar levels: http://www.whfoods.com/genpage.php?tname=foodspice&dbid=52 http://www.livestrong.com/article/410170-is-lentil-soup-healthy/ وقال صلى الله عليه وآله : من استعمل الخشبتين امن من عذاب الكليتين . The Prophet Muhammad said, "Whoever makes use of the two pieces of wood (the toothstick and toothpick) is safe from the affliction of the kidneys." (Tubb an-Nabawi) Link between chronic kidney disease and poor oral hygiene: http://cjasn.asnjournals.org/content/6/1/218.full وقال صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم : عليكم بالاهليلج الاسود فانه من شجر الجنة طعمه مر وفيه شفاء من كل داء . The Prophet Muhammad said, "Upon you is the black myrobalan, for it is from the trees of Paradise. Its taste is bitter, and in it is treatment for every malady." (Tubb an-Nabawi) Black myrobalan treats asthma, constipation, hair loss, heartburn, gum pain, graying hair, mouth ulcers, vaginal inflammation, and more: https://natural-herbal-remedies.knoji.com/black-myrobalan-medicinal-properties-greying-and-losing-of-hair-remedy/ وقال صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم : اسقوا نساءكم الحوامل الالبان فانها تزيد في عقل الصبي . The Prophet Muhammad said, "Give your pregnant women milk to drink, for it increases the intellect of the child." (Tubb an-Nabawi) Children with mothers who drank milk during pregnancy have a higher IQ: http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/health/news/10072366/Drink-milk-to-increase-childs-IQ-pregnant-women-told.html عنه، عن أبى يوسف، عن القندى، عن المفضل بن عمر، عن أبى عبد الله (ع) قال: ذكر له الحمى فقال: إنا أهل بيت لا نتداوى إلى بافاضة الماء البارد يصب علينا، وأكل التفاح. Imam Ja`far as-Sadiq [a] said, "We, the Ahl al-Bayt, do not treat a fever except by pouring cold water on ourselves and eating apples". (al-Mahasin) Apple water as a home remedy for fevers: http://health.howstu...for-fevers2.htm وعن علي بن الحكم ، عن أبيه ، عن سعد ، عن الاصبغ ، عن علي ( عليه السلام ) ، قال : إن نبيا من الانبياء شكا إلى الله قلة النسل في امته ، فأمره أن يأمرهم بأكل البيض ، ففعلوا ، فكثر النسل فيهم . وعن نوح بن شعيب ، عن كامل ، عن محمد بن إبراهيم الجعفي ، عن أبي عبدالله ( عليه السلام ) ، قال : من عدم الولد فليأكل البيض ، وليكثر منه . وعنهم ، عن سهل بن زياد ، عن على بن حسان ، عن موسى بن بكر ، قال : سمعت أبا الحسن ( عليه السلام ) يقول : كثرة أكل البيض تزيد في الولد Imam `Ali said, "A prophet from the prophets complained to Allah about the paucity of progeny in his nation, so He commanded him to command them to eat eggs. So they did and the progeny became many in them." Imam Ja`far said, "Whoever lacks in offspring, then let him eat eggs and he is to do much of it." Imam Musa said, "Much eating of eggs increases one in offspring." Poached or soft-boiled eggs are high in Vitamin D and B6, which spur the production of progesterone, a hormone necessary for pregnancy. Eggs also contain B12 and selenium, which increase sperm count. وعن عدة من أصحابنا ، عن أحمد بن أبي عبدالله ، عن أبيه ، ( و ) عمرو بن إبراهيم جميعا ، عن خلف بن حماد ، عن يعقوب بن شعيب ، عن أبي عبدالله ( عليه السلام ) ، قال : لدغت رسول الله ( عليه السلام ) عقرب ، فنفضها ، وقال : لعنك الله فما يسلم منك مؤمن ولا كافر ، ثم دعا بملح ، فوضعه على موضع اللدغة ، ثم عصره بإبهامه حتى ذاب ، ثم قال : لو يعلم الناس ما في الملح ما احتاجوا معه إلى ترياق. A scorpion stung the Messenger of Allah , so he shook it off and he said, "Allah curse you, neither a believer nor a kafir is safe from you." Then he called for salt, and placed it on the place of the sting. Then he pressed it with his thumb until it dissolved. Then he said, "If the people knew what was in salt, they would not have need of theriac with it." (al-Kafi) Salt alleviates the pain of bug bites due to its anti-septic and anti-inflammatory properties. http://www.top10homeremedies.com/home-remedies/home-remedies-for-mosquito-bites.html اسحاق بن ابراهيم عن ابي الحسن العسكري عليه السلام : حضرته يوما وقد شكا إليه بعض إخواننا فقال : يا ابن رسول الله إن أهلي يصيبهم كثيرا هذا الوجع الملعون قال : وما هو قال : وجع الرأس قال: خذ قدحا من ماء وإقرأ عليه ( أو لم يرى الذين كفروا أنّ السماوات والارض كانتا رتقاً ففتقناهما وجعلنا من الماء كل شيء حيّ أفلا يؤمنون) ثم اشربه فإنه لا يضره إن شاء الله تعالى A man said to Imam `Ali al-Hadi [a], "O son of the Messenger of Allah! My people are inflicted much with a cursed pain." The Imam asked, "And what is it?" The man said, "Headaches" The Imam said, "Take a glass of water, and recite upon it 'Have those who disbelieved not considered that the heavens and the earth were a joined entity, and We separated them and made from water every living thing? Then will they not believe?' (21:30). Then, drink it, for it will not be harmful, God-willingly." (Tibb al-A'immah by an-Nisapuri) Water-deprivation causes headaches: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14979888 وقال صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم : عليكم بالكرفس فانه ان كان شيء يزيد في العقل فهو هو . The Prophet Muhammad (s) said, "Eat celery, for if there is a thing that increases the intellect, then it is it." (Tubb an-Nabawi) Celery reduces inflammation in the brain and memory problems: https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/10/101013122601.htm وعنه ، عن أحمد بن محمد بن عيسى ، عن القاسم بن يحيى ، عن جده الحسن بن راشد ، عن أبي بصير ، عن أبي عبدالله ( عليه السلام ) قال : قال أمير المؤمنين ( عليه السلام ) : الدهن يلين البشرة ، ويزيد في الدماغ ، ويسهل مجاري الماء ، ويذهب القشف ، ويسفر اللون. Imam `Ali عليه السلام said, "Ointment softens the skin, increases in the brain, eases the stream of fluids, takes away coarseness of skin, and brightens the colour." الحسن بن الفضل الطبرسي في ( مكارم الأخلاق ) قال : كان النبي ( صلى الله عليه وآله ) يحب الدهن ويكره الشعث ، ويقول : إن الدهن يذهب البؤس ، وكان يدهن بأصناف من الدهن ، وكان إذا ادهن بدأ برأسه ولحيته ، ويقول : إن الرأس قبل اللحية ، وكان ( صلى الله عليه وآله ) يدهن بالبنفسج ، ويقول : هو أفضل الأدهان ، وكان ( صلى الله عليه وآله ) إذا ادهن بدأ بحاجبيه ، ثم شاربيه ، ثم يدخل في أنفه ويشمه ، ثم يدهن رأسه ، وكان يدهن حاجبيه من الصداع ، ويدهن شاربيه بدهن سوى دهن لحيته. The Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله used to love ointment and dislike dishevelment, and he would say, "Ointment removes misery." And he would anoint with (different) types of ointment. When he anointed, he began with his head and his beard, and he would say, "The head is before the beard." And he صلى الله عليه وآله used to anoint with violet. And he would say, "It is the best of ointments." When he صلى الله عليه وآله anointed, he began with his eyebrows, then his mustache, then he would enter into his nose and smell it, then he would anoint his head. And he would anoint his eyebrows from the headache, and anoint his mustache with ointment equal to the ointment of his beard. Lavendar oil helps your body produce antioxidants, which fight toxins and pollutants in your body. It prevents your body from increasing its blood glucose levels. It prevents liver and kidney dysfuncton. It alleviates migraines, anxiety, sleep disturbance, depression, trauma, and postpartum disorder. It reduces the development of Alzheimer's disease. It fights bacterial and fungal disorders. It speeds the healing of burns, cuts, s[Edited Out]es, sores, and wounds. http://draxe.com/lavender-oil-benefits/ وقال صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم : إذا ولدت المرأة فليكن اول ما تأكل الرطب الحلو والتمر فأنه لو كان شيء افضل منه اطعمه الله تعالى مريم حين ولدت عيسى عليه السلام The Prophet Muhammad (s) said, "If a woman gives birth, then let the first thing she eats be sweet fresh dates and dried ones, for if there were a thing better than it, Allah would have fed it to Mary when she gave birth to Jesus." (Tubb an-Nabawi) "Dates fruit consumption during late pregnancy has been shown to positively affect the outcome of labour and delivery without adverse effect on the mother and child.” https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28286995 محمد بن يعقوب ، عن علي بن محمد بن بندار ، عن أبيه ، عن محمد بن علي الهمداني ، عن حنان ، قال : كنت مع أبي عبدالله ( عليه السلام ) على المائدة ، فناولني فجلة ، فقال : يا حنان ! كل الفجل ، فإن فيه ثلاث خصال : ورقه يطرد الرياح ، ولبه يسربل البول و وأصله يقطع البلغم A man was with Imam Ja`far [a] sitting at a table, and the Imam handed him a radish. The Imam said, "Eat radish, for there are three characteristics in it: its leafage banishes flatulence, its kernel causes urine to descend, and its root cuts off phlegm." (Wasa'il ash-Shi`a) Radishes are a good treatment for gastric problems and urinary disorders: https://www.organicfacts.net/health-benefits/vegetable/health-benefits-of-radish.html Radish juice is the best home remedy for phlegm and mucus: http://www.jemsrecipes.com/radish-juice-best-home-remedy-for-phlegm/ https://www.organicfacts.net/health-benefits/vegetable/health-benefits-of-radish.html بى رحمه هللا قال: حدثنا محمد بن ابى القاسم عن محمد بن علي الكوفي عن عبد هللا بن عبد الرحمان االصم، عن الهيثم بن واقد، عن مقرن، عن أبى عبد هللا عليه السالم قال: سأل سلمان رحمة هللا عليه عليا صلوات هللا عليه عن رزق الولد في بطن أمه، فقال: ان هللا تبارك وتعالى حبس عليه الحيضة فجعلها رزقه في بطن أمه Salman [r] asked `Ali [a] about the sustenance of a child in the belly of its mother. The Imam replied, "Allah withholds her menstruation, and He makes it a source of its sustenance in the belly of its mother." (`Ilal ash-Shara'i`) "The endometrium is the innermost glandular layer and functions as a lining for the uterus, preventing adhesions between the opposed walls of themyometrium, thereby maintaining the patency of the uterine cavity. During the menstrual cycle or estrous cycle, the endometrium grows to a thick, blood vessel-rich, glandular tissue layer. This represents an optimal environment for the implantation of a blastocyst upon its arrival in the uterus. The endometrium is central, echogenic (detectable using ultrasound scanners), and has an average thickness of 6.7 mm. During pregnancy, the glands and blood vessels in the endometrium further increase in size and number. Vascular spaces fuse and become interconnected, forming the placenta, which supplies oxygen and nutrition to the embryo and fetus."
  5. 38 points
    Hameedeh

    Mutah Experiences

    (bismillah) (salam) Alhamdulillah, we were at the same university and had two classes together, so we would talk to each other before and after our classes. I was a Christian and found out he was a Muslim. He explained that Muslims don't date, but if they want they can get married temporarily. He said later they can marry permanently OR break their temporary marriage IF they can't get along. He never tried to hold hands, hug or kiss me, so I knew he was a complete gentleman. His piety was impressive, and this made me more interested in him and his beliefs. I felt that I could trust him and he would never harm me. He shared a house off campus with three other guys, and I lived in the woman's dorm with another girl. He and I used to go for a walk and just talk, to get away from our roommates. We set the time of our mut'ah marriage as four years. We thought this would be long enough for both of us to earn our bachelor degree. Four years made me feel secure that he was not just using me for a few days or a few weeks. I'm sure that if he had wanted a shorter time, less than one year, I would have been reluctant to marry him by mut'ah. We both agreed on the four years time limit and everything was good. On the weekends we began looking for an apartment. After six months of mut'ah marriage, we found a place near the campus and started living together. Our life became really pleasant. I no longer had to say goodbye in the evening and watch him walk away. We walked to the university in the morning and came back to the apartment for lunch. We went to the university in the afternoon and came back later. We had homework to do, of course. We had chores to get done, but it wasn't difficult because we helped each other. We cooked dinner together and saved half of it to eat for lunch the next day. After dinner we would sit and talk about anything we wanted, but usually it was about Islam. Sometimes we would discuss the Bible and the Qur'an. He was always patient to answer questions that I had about Islam. He translated some of the writings of Dr. Ali Shariati for me. I particularly liked his translation of the Four Prisons of Man, because it was not like anything I had read before. Later on, we bought his Hajj book and I thoroughly enjoyed reading that in English. One day I was ready to say my shahada and after I repeated the words, he took me to the sink and taught me how to take ablution. Then he taught me how to pray. Elahy shukr! To make a long story short, we were married permanently and now we have three sweet kids, mashAllah. If my experience sounds like a fairy tale, I can only say that Alhamdulillah, it was, because my husband was a momin. Ok, that is all. Don't ask me any personal questions! I've said too much already. I want to remain anonymous at ShiaChat! I just wanted to explain to those who don't believe in mut'ah that it is halal and is a blessing for couples.
  6. 35 points
    Qa'im

    Karbala: The Supreme Sacrifice

    عدة من أصحابنا، عن أحمد بن محمد، عن علي بن الحكم، عن سيف بن عميرة، عن عبد الملك بن أعين، عن أبي جعفر عليه السلام قال: أنزل الله تعالى النصر على الحسين عليه السلام حتى كان [ ما ] بين السماء والارض ثم خير: النصر، أو لقاء الله، فاختار لقاء الله تعالى. Imam al-Baqir said: Allah تعالى sent support for al-Husayn عليه السلام until it filled that which was between the heaven and the Earth. Then he was left to choose: victory, or meeting Allah. So he chose to meet with Allah تعالى. Who is Hussain? I will tell you who he's not. He's not Mahatma Ghandi, he's not Nelson Mandela, he's not Malcolm X. Husayn is Husayn, and I feel that we are misunderstanding the purpose and the meaning of his sacrifice. There are many good, noble people in our history who rose up to fight for rights - Zayd and Nafs az-Zakiyya would be prime examples - but Imam al-Husayn did not stand up to fight for human rights. He did not even fight to gain the Caliphate. The hadiths make clear that Husayn knew exactly what would happen: he and his loved ones were going to die. Allah even gave him the option on the battlefield, saying, I will destroy your enemies if you so choose. However, Husayn chose to meet Allah instead. Had the fight been about human rights, then Husayn would've chosen to destroy his enemies and establish his government. But, he knew that sacrifice was his calling. There is no doubt that Imam al-Husayn's (as) movement was one based on justice. Amr bil ma`roof was the foundation of his decision, and Karbala' was a cosmic battle between good and evil, the Imam of Guidance and the Imam of Disbelief, the Shi`a of Ahl al-Bayt and the Shi`a of the devil. But we know that all ma`sumeen did amr bil ma`roof, and even Husayn's predecessors rose up and were martyred. Had he been fighting for rights, then it begs the question: what differentiates Husayn from Zayd if they were both martyrs of the exact same circumstance? What makes the death of Husayn so pivotal when those better than him were also martyred? Modern society has been separated from the anthropology of sacrifice. Those who understand the symbols of sacrifice will better understand the meaning of Husayn's movement. Those who do not understand Shii Imamology will instead see the Imam as a Guevara or a William Wallace figure, who was killed at the beginning of his social justice mission. We're living in a time where Husayn's movement has become "everyday" and "everywhere" while the classical Shi`a truthfully said that "no day is like your day". The difference between the two is that the former demotes Husayn's sacrifice to everyday struggle, while the latter emphasizes the magnitude of the day. Our job as Muslims is to properly analyze and understand what happened and why it happened, which requires a thorough investigation of the hadith literature on this topic. The sacrifice starts with Isma`il. The Quran says regarding Ibrahim, "And we have ransomed him with a great sacrifice” (37:107) The Ahlul Bayt confirm that it was indeed Isma`il that was chosen for sacrifice, and that he was replaced with a ram. But one authentic narration by Imam ar-Rida [a] identifies that the real sacrifice here was Husayn, who replaced Isma`il and Ibrahim lamented over this. Husayn was dearer to Ibrahim than his own son was, because Husayn would be the grandson of the greatest Messenger and the Master of the Youth of Paradise. After passing this test, Allah made Ibrahim an Imam, and gave the divine covenant to him and his family. This link between sacrifice and covenant is an important one. 94 - في عيون الأخبار حدثنا عبد الواحد بن محمد بن عبدوس النيشابوري العطار بنيشابور في شعبان سنة اثنين وخمسين وثلاثمأة، قال: حدثنا محمد بن علي ابن قتيبة النيشابوري عن الفضل بن شاذان قال: سمعت الرضا عليه السلام يقول: لما أمر الله تعالى إبراهيم عليه السلام ان يذبح مكان ابنه إسماعيل الكبش الذي أنزل عليه، تمنى إبراهيم عليه السلام أن يكون قد ذبح ابنه إسماعيل بيده وأنه لم يؤمر بذبح الكبش مكانه ليرجع إلى قلبه ما يرجع إلى قلب الوالد الذي يذبح أعز ولده بيده فيستحق بذلك أرفع درجات أهل الثواب على المصائب، فأوحى الله عز وجل إليه: يا إبراهيم من أحب خلقي إليك؟قال: يا رب ما خلقت خلقا هو أحب إلى من حبيبك محمد صلى الله عليه وآله، فأوحى الله عز وجل: يا إبراهيم هو أحب إليك أو نفسك؟قال: بل هو أحب إلى من نفسي، قال: فولده أحب إليك أو ولدك؟قال: بل ولده، قال: فذبح ولده ظلما على يدي أعدائه أوجع لقلبك أو ذبح ولدك بيدك في طاعتي؟قال: يا رب بل ذبحه على أيدي أعدائه أوجع لقلبي قال: يا إبراهيم ان طايفة تزعم أنها من أمة محمد صلى الله عليه وآله ستقتل الحسين عليه السلام ابنه من بعده ظلما وعدوانا كما يذبح الكبش، ويستوجبون بذلك سخطي، فجزع إبراهيم عليه السلام لذلك فتوجع قلبه وأقبل يبكى، فأوحى الله تعالى إليه: يا إبراهيم قد فديت جزعك على ابنك إسماعيل لو ذبحته بيدك بجزعك على الحسين وقتله، وأوجبت لك أرفع درجات أهل الثواب على المصائب، وذلك قول الله عز وجل وفديناه بذبح عظيم ولا حول ولا قوة الا بالله العلي العظيم. “When Allah ordered Abraham [a] to slaughter the ram that was brought to him in the place of Ishmael, Abraham [a] had hoped to have slaughtered Ishmael by his hand rather than being ordered to slaughter the ram in his place. This was so that he may regain the feeling in his heart that a father’s heart feels when he slaughters the dearest of his sons by his hand. He wanted to attain the highest of levels from the people of good deeds upon this calamity. So Allah revealed to him, “O Abraham, who is the most beloved of My creation to you?” Abraham said, “O Lord, you have not created a creation who is more beloved to me than your beloved Muhammad .” So Allahrevealed, “O Abraham, is he more beloved to you, or yourself?” Abraham said, “Of course, he is more beloved to me than my own self.” Allah said, “So is his son more beloved to you, or your son?” Abraham said, “His son, of course.” Allah said, “So [what is more painful to your heart:] his son being slaughtered oppressively upon the hands of his enemies, or the slaughtering of your son by your hand in obedience to me?” Abraham said, “O Lord, his slaughter upon the hands of his enemies is more painful to my heart.” Allah said, “O Abraham, a faction that alleges that it is from the Nation of Muhammad will kill his son al-Husayn [a] after him oppressively and with aggression, just as a ram is slaughtered. And by that, my wrath upon them will become obligatory.” So Abraham lamented over that. His heart was pained by that, and he began to weep. So Allah revealed to him, “O Abraham, I have ransomed your lamentation upon the slaughtering of your son Ishmael with your lamentation upon Husayn And so the highest of levels from the people of good deeds has become obligatory for you for this calamity." The Prophet calls himself the son of the two offerings, because both his father Abdullah and his forefather Isma`il had survived their respective sacrificial moments. The Prophet's position as a descendant of two offerings boosts his status as a prophet and a recipient of the divine covenant. حَدَّثَنا أَحْمَدِ بْنِ الحُسَيْن القَطَّانُ قالَ أَخْبَرنا أَحْمَدِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سَعِيدُ الكُوفِي قالَ‏عَلِيِّ بن الحُسَيْنِ بْنِ عَلِىِّ بْنِ الفَضّال، عَنْ أَبيهِ قالَ سَأَلْت أَبَاالحَسَن عَلِىِّ بْنِ مُوسَى الرِّضا عَلَيْهِ السَّلامُ، عَن مَعْنى‏ قول النَّبِي صلي اللَّه وَآلِهِ أَنَا ابْنُ الذّبيحين قَالَ يَعْنِي إِسْمَاعِيلَ بْنَ إِبْرَاهِيمَ الْخَلِيلِ‏ عَلَيْهِ السَّلامُ وَعَبْدَ اللَّهِ بْنَ عَبْدِ الْمُطَّلِبِ “I asked Abul Hasan Ali b. Musa ar-Rida [a] about the meaning of the statement made by the Prophet (s), ‘I am the son of the two offerings.’ Imam ar-Rida [a] said, ‘That means that the Prophet (s) was the descendant of both Ishmael, the son of Abraham - the friend of God (s) and Abdullah - the son of Abdul Muttalib. The Hajj itself is a ritual centred around sacrifice. It recounts the story of Ibrahim and Isma`il everywhere. Pilgrims shave their heads, which is an important symbol of sacrifice. To shave your head for someone is to pledge allegiance to that person - you are giving them your head and your neck. When the Prophet took the bay`a of his companions at the Tree of Ridwan, the companions needed to shave their heads to complete the bay`a. Likewise, after the death of the Prophet, Imam Ali asked the companions to shave their heads to express their loyalty to him, but very few did so. The Hajj ends with the sacrifice of life of an animal. These are all important symbols that we belong fully to God, and that our lives are in His hand. Animal sacrifice is a sacrifice of your own ego and your lower, animalistic self. At the end of Hajj, you come out sinless, which is a rebirth after the sacrifice. حدثني ابي رحمه الله، عن سعد بن عبد الله، عن احمد بن محمد بن عيسى، عن محمد بن سنان، عن الحسين بن مختار، عن زيد الشحام، عن ابي عبد الله (عليه السلام)، قال: زيارة الحسين (عليه السلام) تعدل عشرين حجة وأفضل من عشرين حجة (2). Imam as-Sadiq [a] said, "Visitation of al-Husayn [a] is equal to twenty Hajj. Rather, it is more than twenty Hajj." Even the salat has sacrificial symbology in ruku`. Imam `Ali in `Ilal ash-Shara'i` says that the ruku` is gesture where one offers his neck to Allah, saying, "O Allah, I believe in Your Oneness even if my neck is struck." تأويله آمنت بوحدانيتك ، و لو ضربت عنقي Now let's go to Husayn. Sacrificial animals are marked at birth. Likewise, in one hadith, the Imam was marked for sacrifice the day Sayyida Fatima gave birth to him. In return, the Prophet says, Allah will make the Imams from his progeny. Again, we see the relationship between sacrifice and covenant: even though Imam al-Hasan was of a higher status, the Imams would come from Husayn's progeny due to his sacrifice. حدثنا محمد بن موسى بن المتوكل رضي الله عنه قال : حدثنا عبد الله بن جعفرالحميري قال : حدثنا أحمد بن محمد بن عيسى قال : حدثنا الحسن بن محبوب ، عن علي بن رئاب قال : قال أبو عبد الله عليه السلام : لما أن حملت ( 2 ) فاطمة عليها السلام بالحسين عليه السلام قال لها رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله : إن الله عز وجل قد وهب لك غلاما اسمه الحسين ، تقتله أمتي ، قالت : فلا حاجة لي فيه ، فقال : إن الله عز وجل قد وعدني فيه عدة ، قالت : وما وعدك ؟ قال : وعدني أن يجعل الإمامة من بعده في ولده ، فقالت : رضيت . Imam as-Sadiq said: When Fatima عليها السلام became pregnant with al-Husayn عليه السلام, the Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وآله said to her: Allah عز وجل has gifted a male to you whose name is al-Husayn. He will be killed by my Umma. She said: I do not need it. He said: Allah عز وجل has made a promise to me regarding him. She said: And what did He promise you? He said: He promised me that He will cause the Imamate after me to come from his loins. So she said: I am pleased. The colour red is also associated with blood sacrifice, and the Prophet receives red mud from Karbala to symbolize the inevitable killing of Husayn. Other narrations describe Imam al-Husayn with a red cloak. In Judaism, a red ribbon was tied around a ram for sacrifice on Yom Kippur. As for Yom Kippur, it is the 10th day of the 1st month of the Hebrew Calendar, while Ashura is the 10th day of the 1st month of the Muslim calendar. The Jewish Yom Kippur is called the Day of Atonement, and the High Priest would make a sacrifice at the Temple, and select the Passover lamb. There is some disagreement on the exact date of Ashura. Abu Baseer says in an authentic tradition that it took place on a Saturday ( قال: أبو جعفر عليه السلام: يخرج القائم عليه السلام يوم السبب يوم عاشورا يوم الذي قتل فيه الحسين عليه السلام ). This was also the position of Shaykh al-Saduq and Shaykh al-Mufeed. But the 10th of Muharram does not take place on a Saturday in 61 AH, which is the generally accepted year of the event. It does, however, take place on Saturday in 62 AH, and according to the historian Hisham al-Kalbi, this is the real year that Ashura took place. If this is true, then Ashura took place on the exact same day as Yom Kippur and on the Sabbath that year. This makes for some spectacular sacrificial parallels between Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. The Imams constantly compared the death of Husayn to that of a ram, because the two are voluntary sacrifices to God by beheading. ( إن كنت باكيا لشئ، فابك للحسين بن علي بن أبي طالب (عليه السلام)، فإنه ذبح كما يذبح الكبش ) Sacrifices are often performed by initiates of an order. Likewise, Husayn was beheaded by Shimr, who had previously been a Shi`i who fought alongside Imam `Ali. Husayn journeyed to Karbala by cutting his own Hajj short. He left the Hijaz before performing the ritual sacrifice of Hajj. Perhaps he would become that sacrifice himself? He left the holy land and was sacrificed in Karbala, another holy and consecrated land. The narrations say that the best observance of the Day of `Arafat is in Karbala. أبي عن سعد عن النهدي عن علي بن أسباط يرفعه إلى أبي عبد الله (ع) قال إن الله تبارك و تعالى يبدأ بالنظر إلى زوار قبر الحسين بن علي ع عشية عرفة قال قلت قبل نظره إلى أهل الموقف قال نعم قلت و كيف ذاك قال لأن في أولئك أولاد زنا و ليس في هؤلاء أولاد زنا Imam as-Sadiq [a] said: Allah looks at the visitors of the grave of al-Hussain b. Ali (as) the night of `Arafah." The narrator asked: "Before those in '`rafah?" The Imam (as) replied: "Yes." The narrator continued asking: "And how is that?" The Imam (as) said: "It is because there are sons of fornication (awlad al-zina) in the people of 'Arafah, but there are none in these (meaning the ones in Karbala)." From these clues and many others, it is clear to me that Husayn is the true lamb of God, who sacrificed himself on behalf of his Shi`a to receive the covenant and blessing of God. Husayn was the one volunteered to give his head so that the world may have Imams. Our crying, mourning, and visitation is an act of association of Husayn so that we may be recipients of the fruit of his sacrifice. Karbala would become the connection between the celestial world and this one. عن أبي جعفر عليه السلام «قال : أيّما مؤمنٍ دَمَعَتْ عيناه لِقَتلِ الحسين عليه السلام دَمْعَةً حتّى تَسيل على خَدِّه بَوَّأه الله بها غُرفاً في الجنّة يَسكنها أحقاباً. Imam al-Baqir said: Any believer whose eyes shed tears for the murder of al-Husayn till they roll (down) his cheek, Allah will make him dwell in rooms of Paradise where he will there for long ages. The early Shi`a of Iraq certainly understood these symbols, because they were coming from cultures and religions where the anthropology of sacrifice were well known. Our world is far removed from this anthropology, and so our connection to Husayn has been through social justice. The problem is that this is purely a horizontal understanding of Karbala, and not a theologically vertical one. It is not as consistent with the sources, and it makes the Imam into a political reformer rather than the Great Sacrifice. Both Imam ar-Rida and Imam al-Mahdi did takfeer of those who denied that Husayn had died. There were some who believed that Husayn was raised up the same way Jesus was raised up. However, this would constitute kufr, because Husayn's sacrifice was the very foundation of the Abrahamic and Muhammadan covenants. يا بن رسول الله وفيهم قوم يزعمون أن الحسين بن علي عليهما السلام لم يقتل وانه ألقى شبهه على حنظلة بن أسعد الشامي، وانع رفع إلى السماء كما رفع عيسى بن مريم عليه السلام ويحتجون بهذه الآية. ولن يجعل الله للكافرين على المؤمنين سبيلا فقال: كذبوا عليهم غضب الله ولعنته وكفروا بتكذيبهم لنبي الله صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم في اخباره بان الحسين عليه السلام سيقتل، والله لقد قتل الحسين وقتل من كان خيرا من الحسين أمير المؤمنين والحسن بن علي عليهم السلام، وما منا الا مقتول، وانى والله لمقتول بالسم باغتيال من يغتالني أعرف ذلك بعهد معهود إلى من رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم أخبره به جبرئيل عليه السلام عن رب العالمين عز وجل، واما قوله عز وجل: (ولن يجعل الله للكافرين على المؤمنين سبيلا) فإنه يقول: لن يجعل الله لهم على أنبيائه عليهم السلام سبيلا من طريق الحجة. A man said to Imam ar-Rida [a], "O son of the Messenger of Allah! There is a community that claims that al-Husayn b. `Ali [a] was not killed, but rather, his likeness was placed upon Hanthala b. As`ad ash-Shami, and that he was raised to the heavens just as Jesus the son of Mary [a] was raised. And they use this verse to support it, 'and never will Allah give the disbelievers a way over the believers' (4:141)" The Imam replied, "They have lied. The anger and the curse of Allah is upon them. They have disbelieved because they have belied the Prophet's saying that al-Husayn [a] will be killed. By Allah, al-Husayn was killed, just as those better than al-Husayn were killed, such as the Commander of the Faithful and al-Hasan b. `Ali. There is not one from us except that he is killed. I, by Allah, will be killed with poison by the assassins of he who will assassinate me. I know this because of a covenant entrusted to me from the Messenger of Allah . He was informed of it by Gabriel [a] from the Lord of the Worlds. As for His saying, 'and never will Allah give the disbelievers a way over the believers' (4:141), He is saying: Allah will not give them a way over His prophets [a] from the path of the Proof." Remember that many of our major narrators come from these Judaeo-Christian backgrounds: Zurara, `Ali b. Mahzayar, Yunus b. `Abd ar-Rahman, Abdullah b. Ja`far al-Himyari, al-Bazanti, `Ali b. Asbat, most of the Ansar (Abu Sa`eed al-Khudri, Jabir b. Abdullah, etc.) 2 of the martyrs of Karbala: John and Abu Wahab al-Kalbi, were Christians. There were things these people recognized in Husayn and in Shiism that we have unfortunately lost. Imam al-Husayn knew that he and his companions would die, and he even chose this. Allah gave him the option to defeat the empire, but he knew that it was not the time. محمد بن يحيى، عن أحمد بن محمد، عن ابن محبوب، عن ابن رئاب، عن ضريس الكناسي قال: سمعت أبا جعفر عليه السلام يقول - وعنده اناس من أصحابه -: عجبت من قوم يتولونا ويجعلونا أئمة ويصفون أن طاعتنا مفترضة عليهم كطاعة رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله ثم يكسرون حجتهم ويخصمون أنفسهم بضعف قلوبهم، فينقصونا حقنا ويعيبون ذلك على من أعطاه الله برهان حق معرفتنا والتسليم لامرنا، أترون أن الله تبارك وتعالى افترض طاعة أوليائه على عباده، ثم يخفي عنهم أخبار السماوات والارض ويقطع عنهم مواد العلم فيما يرد عليهم مما فيه قوام دينهم؟! فقال له حمران: جعلت فداك أرأيت ما كان من أمر قيام علي بن أبي طالب والحسن والحسين عليهم السلام وخروجهم وقيامهم بدين الله عز ذكره، وما اصيبوا من قتل الطواغيت إياهم والظفر بهم حتى قتلوا وغلبوا؟ فقال أبو جعفر عليه السلام: يا حمران إن الله تبارك وتعالى قد كان قدر ذلك عليهم وقضاه وأمضاه وحتمه على سبيل الاختيار ثم أجراه فبتقدم علم إليهم من رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله قام علي والحسن والحسين عليهم السلام، وبعلم صمت من صمت منا، ولو أنهم يا حمران حيث نزل بهم ما نزل بهم ما نزل من أمر الله عز وجل وإظهار الطواغيت عليهم سألوا الله عزوجل أن يدفع عنهم ذلك وألحوا عليه في طلب إزالة ملك الطواغيت وذهاب ملكهم إذا لاجابهم ودفع ذلك عنهم، ثم كان انقضاء مدة الطواغيت وذهاب ملكهم أسرع من سلك منظوم انقطع فتبدد، وما كان ذلك الذي أصابهم يا حمران لذنب اقترفوه ولا لعقوبة معصية خالفوا الله فيها ولكن لمنازل وكرامة من الله، أراد أن يبلغوها، فلا تذهبن بك المذاهب فيهم. A man said to Imam al-Baqir [a], "May I be your sacrifice! Have you deliberated regarding what occurred from the rising of `Ali b. Abi Talib, al-Hasan, and al-Husayn? They came out and rose up for the religion of Allah; how much they suffered from their deaths at the hands of the tyrants – they were defeated, murdered and overpowered." So Abu Ja`far al-Baqir [a] said: "Allah had destined that for them; decreed it, approved it, and necessitated it – it was beyond choice. It thus occurred and the knowledge of it had come to them from the Messenger of Allah. `Ali, al-Hasan, and al-Husayn rose whilst knowing [the consequences]. By its knowledge, there were those of us who remained silent. Had they, whilst facing what Allah made them face and suffer defeat at the hands of the tyrants, asked Allah to remove their suffering and implored Him to destroy the kingdom of the tyrants, He would have answered their prayers and granted it for them – then, the decree would have removed the tyrants and their kingdom would end faster than the dispersal of threaded beads under pressure. That which they endured was not because of a sin they committed or a punishment for opposing Allah, rather, it was a deliverance and a bounty from Allah, who wished for them to attain it. Do not allow them (i.e. the people) to take you away from the [correct] path." وحدَّثني أبي ـ رحمه الله ـ وجماعة مشايخي ، عن سعد بن عبدالله ، عن عليِّ بن إسماعيل بن عيسى ؛ ومحمّد بن الحسين بن أبي الخطّاب ، عن محمّد بن عَمرو بن سعيد الزّيّات ، عن عبدالله بن بُكير ، عن زُرارة ، عن ابي جعفر عليه السلام «قال : كتب الحسين بن عليِّ مِن مكّة إلى محمّد بن عليٍّ : بِسم الله الرَّحمن الرَّحيم ؛ مِن الحسين بن عليٍّ إلى محمَّد بن عليٍّ ومَن قَبِلَه مِن بني هاشم ؛ أمّا بعد فإنَّ مَنْ لَحِقَ بي اسْتُشْهِد ، ومَنْ لَم يَلْحَقْ بي لم يُدرِكِ الفَتْح ؛ والسَّلام When he was in Mecca, Imam al-Husayn [a] wrote to his brother Muhammad b. al-Hanafiyya. He said the following: "In the name of Allah the Beneficient the Merciful: From al-Husayn b. Ali to Muhammad b. Ali and those who are with him from the Children of Hashim [in Medina]. Verily, one who joins me will be martyred, and one who does not join me will not attain the Victory. Peace." وعنه، عن الحسن بن محبوب، عن أبي حمزة الثمالي قال: قلت لابي جعفر عليه السلام: إن عليا عليه السلام كان يقول: " إلى السبعين بلاء " وكان يقول: " بعد البلاء رخاء " وقد مضت السبعون ولم نر رخاء !. فقال أبو جعفر عليه السلام: يا ثابت إن الله تعالى كان وقت هذا الامر في السبعين، فلما قتل الحسين عليه السلام إشتد غضب الله على أهل الارض، فأخره إلى أربعين ومائة سنة، فحدثناكم فأذعتم الحديث، وكشفتم قناع السر، فأخره الله ولم يجعل له بعد ذلك عندنا وقتا، و * (يمحو الله ما يشاء ويثبت وعنده أم الكتاب) *. قال أبو حمزة: وقلت ذلك لابي عبد الله عليه السلام فقال: قد كان ذاك. And from him from al-Hasan b. Mahbub from Abu Hamza ath-Thumali. He said: I said to Abu Ja`far عليه السلام: `Ali عليه السلام used to say, “Tribulations till 70 AH”, and he used to say, “after the tribulations is prosperity”, and yet 70 AH has passed and we have not seen prosperity! So Abu Ja`far عليه السلام said: O Thabit, Allah تعالى had set a time for this affair in 70 AH, but when al-Husayn عليه السلام was killed, Allah’s anger with the people of the Earth intensified. So He delayed it till 140 AH, and we narrated to you [regarding it] and you publicized the narration, so the secret was disclosed. Allah thereafter has not set any time for it that we know of. And, “Allah erases what He wills and establishes [what He wills]; and with Him is the Original Book” (13:39). We all know the story of the Prophet Salih, and Karbala' is an inner dimension of that story. Like many stories of the Qur'an, this one has parallels with that of the Prophet and his Ahl al-Bayt. Salih was the Arab prophet to Thamud, just as Muhammad was the Arab prophet to his people. The people of Thamud idolaters worshiping a rock/mountain, and the Meccans were worshiping idols in the Ka`ba. As a sign, Salih brought a beautiful pregnant she-camel out of this rock. Likewise, Husayn accompanied the Prophet, and he was beautiful ("husayn" means "endeared beauty"). Salih ordered the good treatment of the she-camel, and the Prophet ordered the good treatment of Ahl al-Bayt. The she-camel provided milk (and ancient symbol for eternal life), and Husayn provided the deen. The camel was prevented from drinking the water of Thamud, and Husayn was prevented from water. The camel was struck and killed by the worst person of Thamud, and Husayn was struck and killed by the worst person of the Umma. The camel was survived by an offspring, and Husayn was survived by an offspring. Both the camel and Husayn were a blessing and a sign to the community, and the community neglected their rights and killed them. حدثني محمد بن الحسين الاشناني قال : حدثنا عباد بن يعقوب قال : أخبرنا مورع بن سويد بن قيس قال : حدثنا من شهد الحسين ، قال : كان معه ابنه الصغير فجاء سهم فوقع في نحره ، قال : فجعل الحسين يأخذ الدم من نحره ولبته فيرمى به إلى السماء فما يرجع منه شئ ، ويقول : اللهم لا يكون اهون عليك من فصيل ( ناقة صالح) Imam al-Husayn [a] was with his young son when an arrow struck his neck. So Husayn took the blood of his neck and his chest and threw it in the air, and none of it returned. He said, "O Allah, do not allow this to be less significant to You than the she-camel of Salih [a]." Allah does not need anything from us - He does not need our salat, zakat, or a`mal. The religion's a`mal are all human expressions to approach the Divine. Sacrifice is a religious expression that is rooted in Islam - it is in the stories of the prophets (Habil and Qabil's offerings, Isma`il's sacrifice and Eid al-Adha, the Baqara, in the bay`a of Ridwan) in the salat, in the Hajj, and elsewhere. It is a demonstration of full submission and full adherence to Allah's will. Sacrifice is done to achieve God's favour and His proximity. The Imams were always addressed with "may I be your sacrifice" or "may my mother and father be sacrificed for you" because true allegiance is only when you are ready to put your life on the line. From this post, we see the connection between the sacrifice and the covenant (mithaq/`ahd): Ibrahim and his righteous descendants become Imams only due to his sacrifice, which was rooted in Husayn taking the place of Isma`il. Even the Prophet's own prophethood was preceded by two offerings to Allah. So, the Prophet marked Husayn for sacrifice at birth, and in return, Allah made the Imams from his progeny - I believe there is an association between these two things, because there is always a connection between (1) sacrifice, and (2) covenants/oaths/allegiances. The Hajj is only complete with an animal sacrifice, after which we are reborn with no sins. These symbols are all over the Husayni literature. Husayn knew and willingly chose to meet his Lord on the 10th of Muharram, because a "political" islah and takeover of the Caliphate was not his mission. Imam `Ali and Imam al-Hasan were Caliphs, but their enemies prevented them from rectifying the Islamic Umma. Husayn's mission was to exemplify Islam in his fight - the full submission to the will of Allah. It was an expression of uplifting divine justice and personal responsibility at any cost. But it was also the ultimate act by which we could have the Imamate. Our mourning of him is our expression of associating ourselves with him (walaya), so that we may be counted among the covenant of Ahl al-Bayt. Once we become Muslims, and submit to our duties, and develop a ma`rifa of Allah through His Imams, and form a strong relationship with them, crying is a strong personal way to demonstrate kinship and love to Husayn. The hadiths promise that even one small tear for the Imam will result in a forgiveness of our sins, and one true visitation of our Imam will result in many Hajj. Considering the connections between Hajj and Husayn, the sacrificial and covenant dimensions here should be obvious. Husayn's movement had two legs: justice and sacrifice. If you cut one out of the narrative, the entire narrative falls. What highlights Husayn's movement is his act of sacrifice, which undergirds the Imamate of Ibrahim (as) and his family. Husayn, in his sacrifice, fulfilled the inner meaning of Hajj, which is full subservience and selflessness towards Almighty God Allah. Again and again, the hadiths present the parallels between Hajj and Imam al-Husayn, whose visitation equals many Hajj, because he is the epicentre of Hajj. And Allah knows best.
  7. 35 points
    Assalam aleikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakathu, So I've had a few members ask me how I became a Shi'a and they have said that I should share it with everyone. So here it goes... get a cup of tea and a biscuit. I first learnt about Islam when I was engaged to a Muslim guy, who wasn't practising. I was intrigued by his religion and began to do my own research. The only things I knew about Islam where things that I had seen in the media and so I didn’t have a very positive opinion on this religion. However, I soon realised that there was so much more to this faith than I could ever have imagined. I realised that everything I knew about Islam was completely false. Instead I was presented with a faith that was logical, beautiful, fair and miraculous. I found a God who was so worthy of worship and so merciful to his creation and a Prophet (pbuh) with a beautiful and pure heart. So after doing a bit of research I decided I wanted to become a Muslim and began to practise. I took things very slowly. I learnt my prayers and began to pray everyday and read Qur’an. I practised fasting, started to be more charitable, gave up pork and begun to give up alcohol among other things. I was very very happy and felt I was nearly ready to take my shahdah. But things happened. The first thing was I left my fiancé. He had started being increasingly abusive to me and it got to a point where I couldn’t take it anymore. This completely shattered me - he and his family were the only Muslims I knew properly. I had tried several times to find a mosque to make friends there as my fiancé lived abroad but every time I went to the mosque, I was treated with disrespect and made to feel like I wasn’t welcome there. This hurt me so much and I didn’t understand why. I always dressed and acted so conservatively when I visited the mosque but I was always excluded. I was so lost and quickly got angry with God about all these things that were happening to me. I panicked because I felt I could not follow Islam anymore. So foolishly I looked for excuses to leave the faith. I ignored everything I had learnt and went back to being ignorant about Islam. Astagfirullah (may Allah forgive me) I did and said some terrible things against God and his Messenger (pbuh). So instead I became a Christian. I had many Christian friends so I decided it made sense to convert. I had this idea in my head that all Muslims were like my ex and the men at the mosque and that Christians were nice and friendly people. I found excuses to make me believe in the Christian doctrines and for almost a year I lived quite happily as a Christian. But yet again things changed. As I fully recovered after a difficult few months, I began to miss Islam. I missed the excitement of Ramadan, learning Arabic and above all I began to miss prostrating to God. I began to contemplate my choices and I realised that I had been completely unfair to God and Islam. I left Islam because of a few ignorant and hurtful people who did not embody the ideal Muslim in anyway. I realised that if the Prophet Muhammad (saw) was alive and spoke to these men, he would have told them that they were doing wrong because he said to never hurt or disrespect a woman for she is special to Allah. And I realised that truly in my heart, I did not accept Jesus (pbuh) as God. From reading the Bible, I loved Jesus with all my heart but truly the idea of him being God is so illogical to me. The only reason why I turned to Christianity is because I felt like I had nowhere left to go, not because I thought it was the truth. So one day after watching an Islamic lecture, I felt the need to pray. So I washed myself and prayed 2 rakats. And after that I called out to God because I fully believed that I had made some terrible mistakes. I asked God to forgive me of not trusting him and of the terrible sins I had committed. And for the first time in a long time, I felt like I was in the right place. I decided to take things really slowly and began by increasing my knowledge. At the time, the only path I considered was Sunni Islam. My ex fiance and his friends had told me all about the Shi'as and said some truly disgusting things about them. But one day I was watching Islamic lectures on You Tube and accidendly started watching a lecture by Dr Sayed Ammar Nakshawani. When I realised that it was a Shi'a video I wanted to turn it off, but a huge part of me refused and I kept watching. The arguments and set up were alien to me, but they did make sense. This sent me on a path where I watched more of his videos. First I watched his series on the misconceptions about the Shi'a and everything I had ever been taught was a lie. I couldn't believe how logical and truthful the beliefs of the Ahlulbayt (as) were. They made more sense to me to anything that I had studied before. After that, I watch his series on the 14 Infallibles and loved learning about the Ahlulbayt (as). I suffer with Bi-Polar and at times get dangerously depressed and managed to find some comfort in learning the difficulties Ahlulbayt (as) went through. It gave me hope that if for example Imam Karzim (as) never gave up on Allah (swt) when we was imprisoned and tortured, then I could do the same with my problems. I think the final straw for me wanted to become a Shi'a was when I learned the fates of Imam Hussain (as) and Fatima Zahra (as). I had heard of Hussain before but every Sunni scholar who had talked about him just said he is just another martyr and nothing special. What they failed to add was Hussain was murdered by so called fellow Muslims and wallahi it is shameful to call him just another martyr when our Prophet (saw) weeped knowing what would happen to Hussain at Karbala. But the thing that shocked me the most was what happened to Zahra (as). When I found out about her land being stolen and her house being attacked, believe me I was disgusted and ashamed that I had believed she had just died from grief. Wallahi the evidence is even in the books of Ahlul-Sunnah. This pain hurt me so much. So this is how I refound Islam and I feel so lucky. My name is Amy and I'm not going to officially change my name but I have adopted the nickname of Zainab. This is because when I heard Lady Zainab's (as) story, I weeped over what had happened to her and I will never forget that moment and even to this day I have such a love for her. And in addition, I want to be a helper to the Imam of our time Imam Mahdi (as), may Allah hasten his return, as Zainab (as) was to Hussain (as). Al hamdulillah. Last time wallahi I wanted to convert for a man. But now I want to do it for God and God alone. Al hamdulillah.
  8. 34 points
    Reza

    Give a Salawat! [OFFICIAL THREAD]

    Salaam everybody: Here's an opportunity to increase blessings throughout this community and throughout the whole world. I remember seeing old threads from years past about salawat pledges, but this thread will be slightly different. The only goal of this thread is to post the salawat as often as we can, and nothing more: اللّهُمّ صَلّ عَلَى مُحَمّدٍ وَآلِ مُحَمّدٍ Allahumma salli `ala muhammadin wa ali muhammadin O Allah: (please do) bless Muhammad and the Household of Muhammad Rules of this thread: 1. All members are encouraged to post the salawat as often as they like, English or Arabic (but only once per post please) 2. Like as many posts as possible (reciting it yourself out loud while you like the post) 3. No other discussions or statements please, this is purely for salawat only Let's see how long this chain will go, and how much blessing we can all accumulate from posting and liking. More information on the salawat: http://www.duas.org/salwaat.htm I'll get started: Allahumma salli ‘ala Muhammad wa ali Muhammad
  9. 34 points
    As the school-term comes to an end, and there was some time that I could spare for my self, I've thought a lot about how my views on life, religion, man's relationship with God, and the world around me, have changed over the years. This is going to be a pretty random rant - but I guess that is what blogs are for . As of now, it has been 4 years since I moved to the seminary in Qom, and while there are many brothers and sisters here who spent many years on ShiaChat, many of them have either asked for their accounts to be deleted, with all of their posts, or have completely abandoned the forum all together or visit once in a while. I'm one of the handful of those who have not asked for my account to be deleted. All my posts from my early teenage years to now mid and late-20s are there. Personally, I never felt I had anything to hide - my posts are pretty much who I am. One can clearly see the early phase of an excited teenager learning a thing or two about the religion, with very deep-rooted presumptions about life, to a hyper kid getting accustomed to a some-what celebrity status, loved & hated by so many, to then entering university life and maturing up (some may disagree ), and eventually entering into the work-force, married, moving to a different country, kids etc. While browsing through my earliest posts back in 2004, I was really able to just reflect on not just how much I have changed, but even how much influence (positive or negative) people on this forum have had on me. Of course this was not happening in a vacuum. I was interacting with all sorts of people - albeit behind a screen. There are so many real names, user-names, and names that I don't even remember - all of them - that I can recall, and in hindsight, see how each and everyone of them played a role in the development of my ideas, the stances and decisions I made in life, the open-mindedness I developed, or even the doubts I may have developed over various issues, and the questions that would remain unanswered for months and years. This is very obvious for me even while I study in the seminary. The questions I may ask, the extent of tolerance I may show, the critiques I may mention, the willingness to really question some of our "famous" theological or historical views - some of these things make other students and at times even teachers really uncomfortable. Nevertheless, I believe this is in part due to what transpired on this forum and I am happy for it. This forum was like a large community center. It wasn't a community center for a specific ethnicity, or a culture, or converts or a specific gender. This forum for a large part was a community for those who either didn't have access to a real community where they lived, or were not satisfied with the communities that they belonged to. I believe it represented quite accurately the state of the Shi'a (primarily in the West) for a large part. It collectively represented the views that persisted and continue to persist amongst the Shi'a. Unfortunately, it is this portion of the Shi'a populous that often gets unnoticed outside of virtual reality. The inability of those leading us (for the most part) to really dissect and decipher the state of an average Shi'a's mindset, has really been one of the major issues for our communities in the West. The ignorance towards the epistemological framework that an average Shi'a growing in the West acquires through the education system or simply by living there, the delusional presumption that somehow a sub-culture contained within the 4-walls of a building will be able to preserve itself and overcome a dominant culture outside, the satisfaction of merely entertaining the audience with shallow lectures & speeches - while not addressing important and crucial matters: the cure for all of this seems to be have been missing in the last few decades, primarily due to ignorance towards it. On a rare encounter I may have with a lost-long SCer, Its interesting to see how many stayed religious as they were, or were irreligious and become religious, or remained irreligious, or how so many are now going through a faith crisis as they have grown and began questioning and pondering over life's crucial mysteries. Reflecting back on what views I held and what views I hold now, nostalgia overtook me and I started browsing through old posts, old pictures, audio and video files that I still have saved from a decade ago (had a seriously good laugh over some audio files of @SO SOLID SHIA I still have with me). It is really weird how all of a sudden around 2012/2013 the forum just died. As if everyone switched off their plugs and disappeared. People definitely have to move on with their lives, no doubt about that. Of course there were some people who left much earlier, but this sudden silence is really absurd and that it wasn't replaced with a new batch of talented, and educated individuals is really hard to explain. Perhaps those members who are still lingering around from the early 2000s ( @Gypsy @DigitalUmmah @Darth Vader @Abbas. @Haji 2003 @Abu Hadi @Wise Muslim @Qa'im @notme) and are still in touch with those who have left, maybe they can work on a ShiaChat Reunion of some sort. Perhaps get in contact with old members and request them to make a moment's appearance and leave some remarks on what they are up to in life! What changes have taken place in your lives, in your views, in your lifestyle - if any? There were some members I had such a great time with, and it felt as if we would remain friends forever. It would be great to be able to reconnect with them. @Baatil Ka Kaatil @Matami-Shah @Zain @Hasnain @Abdulhujjah @Peer @fyst @Syedmed @Nida_e_Zahra @hmMm @SpIzo @venusian @sana_abbas @fatimak @HR @asifnaqvi @Bollywood_Hero @phoenix @blessing @zanyrulez @wilayah @Hajar @Zuljenah @LaYdee_110 @fadak_166 @raat ki rani @Friend of All @queenjafri @Simba @Path2Felicity @3ashiqat-Al-Batoul @-Enlightened @karateka @A follower @hameedeh @lethaldefense @kaaju barfi @Friend of All @Ya Aba 3abdillah ...there are dozens of other members if I keep going.
  10. 33 points
    (bismillah) Dear brothers and sisters. Lately I have noticed that Shiachat and it's members, including me have changed for the worse. Shiachat in itself is just a website, but it is also the biggest shia community. Granted that it is digital, but in todays day and age, it is equally reflective and mirrors what shias believe and how they behave than it does in physical life. Perhaps even more. However, we are in a bad spot here. I am talking about the behavior and conduct of shiachat members, and their lack of understanding the effects of their words. Both how it affects other shias and how it looks in the eyes of our enemies. I am saying shiachat member, because I myself am a member and take equal part in this act. Some points: 1. Issue: We are constantly criticizing the Ulama. Now this in itself is ok, but everyone knows by now that it has gotten way out of hand. We all have different marjas, and we all have different opinions on their actions. But that does not give us the right to cause turmoil in public. Shiachat, is public, and the worst thing we can do is to show the enemies of AhlulBayt that we have such low opinions about each other. It often turns into personal insults and really bad behavior in the name of criticizing. What this does is create hatred towards each other, and nothing.....NOTHING, pleases the wahabis more than this. I have witnessed now from a discussion that i had with a wahabi that we are in bad shape. He specifically pointed out shiachat, and i had nothing to defend our behavior with. It truly broke my spirit, hence me making this thread. 1. Solution: No matter how the Marjas behave and how much we disagree, we must remember we are in the same camp. Marjas are our generals and we are the soldiers. The generals might disagree, and some generals might misbehave. But that does not give us the right to disrupt the peace between ourselves. The only thing we have in this world is Allah, Ahlulbayt and our brothers and sisters in faith. Let us now focus on creating threads that show the unity we have. Let us create threads that are intellectual and smart in purpose. Let us create posts and threads that promote Shia Islam, not tare it down. This is what discomforts the wahabis and whoever is against the Ahlulbayt. This is what causes their despair and strikes fear in their heart, our strong unity. If we happen to create threads that show sings of getting out of hand, it is the responsibility of every shia to respond with respect and behavior that the Ahlulbayt has taught us. Speak gently, and if someone disagrees, then respond respectfully and with dignity. If someone does go out of hand, let's all join in and stop such behavior. I am certain, that when Imam Mahdi looks upon our behavior as of late, and i am sure he does, he is extremely disappointed. There is nothing wrong with holding back and controlling what you want to say. Let us respect each others marjas and ulama, no matter how much we disagree, and show the world that we stand united regardless. I know it might sound cheesy, but this is the way it should be. If you don't believe in the Marja of your fellow brother or sister, at least believe in the brother or sister themselves and love them mainly because they love AhlulBayt. This is the code of Ziyarat Ashura! 2. Issue: Nationalism! Even though we perhaps never mention the nationality that we have a problem with, the undertone is there. What is this nonsense? Since when did Allah or Ahlulbayt love anyone for their passport and place of birth? It is clear as day that we have issues with nationalities, and sometimes it comes off as a joke, but any sane person that understands linguistics and how it is used, will see that there is a nationalistic tension between members. 2. Solution: Again, it is the responsibility of shia members to stop this. Everyone must join in and firstly correct their on behavior, secondly be smart and noticing such things, and finally speak out in a proper manner about it. 3. Issue: The urge to answer. We can see that sometimes someone creates a thread about Yasser Habib, or Nasrullah, or Shirazis, Khamenei, Hezbollah, Iran, Iraq, etc etc. And we have this urge to show our disgust with the article or case that the thread starter is presenting. 3. Solution: Control your urge as much as you can. You don't have to answer negatively to it every time, there is no purpose to it other than starting a big mess. I am not ordering, i am merely asking in the name of Allah and everything that we hold dear, namely the AhlulBayt whom are dearer to us than our parents and our lives that we start changing. Pitch in and be constructive. Our main enemy is wahabis whom are killing Shias day in and day out, and they laugh and point their dirty fingers at us. This is the platform we can use to do our part in showing that no matter how much we disagree on certain issues, we won't let them have the pleasure of seeing it or taking joy from it. I hope you take this into consideration. Wasalam
  11. 33 points
    During this occultation, there are unique trials, tests, tribulations, confusions and perplexities. Imam ar-Rida (as) said in two narrations that the Shi`a will be "refined (yuftanoon) just as gold is refined; purified just as gold is purified". (يفتنون كما يفتن الذهب، ثم قال: يخلصون كما يخلص الذهب.) When gold is taken out of the ground, it is black. During the refinement process, in order to rid it of excess minerals, it must be burned until nothing remains except pure gold. Likewise, during the occultation, "years will come that will perish them, a sword that will kill them, and a disagreement that will scatter them" (يأتي عليهم سنون تفنيهم، وسيف يقتلهم، واختلاف يبددهم ). In the same hadith, as-Sadiq says this process will continue until 300+ true Shi`a are left. If you read the narrations on what constitutes a true Shi`a of Ahl al-Bayt, it's a very high bar that many of us will never reach. Beyond the 313 companions of the Mahdi, he will have no less than 10,000 others in his army, who will be people of taqwa, but not at the same level of yaqeen as the 313. These are the people that survive the tribulations, which will cause many Shi`as and Muslims to deviate under the heat. Not only are we supposed to "await the relief day and night" (ليتوقعوا الفرج صباحا ومساء), but awaiting the relief is considered a part of the relief (إنتظار الفرج من الفر ). This is a time period where we can gradually develop our relationship with the Imam and be counted from his followers without even fighting alongside him. The reward of one who recognizes him is like that of those who will be in his pavilion (ومن عرف إمامه ثم مات قبل أن يرى هذا الامر ثم خرج القائم عليه السلام كان له من الاجر كمن كان مع القائم في فسطاطه ). Another spiritual instruction given to us for the occultation is to hold our tongues and stick to our homes (حفظ اللسان ولزوم البيت ). This is an indicator to the outward corruption and schism of this time period. The more time spent in the markets/malls, for example, the more likely we are to see/hear/do/buy things that are bad for our relationship with God and His representative. This is becoming increasingly the case with nudity, music marketed towards our desires, and a global culture that maximizes our ego and materialism. Now, if you've read in between the lines, there's a trend here. Recognition of the Imam is not just knowing his name and biography. True recognition is to have an experiential relationship with him; so much so that you begin to take on his characteristics. Imam as-Sadiq (as) says, regarding the true Shi`a, "They are those, whose lives are so simple, whose abodes move from place to another, who, if they are seen they, will not be known, if they are absent, they will not be missed, if they become ill, they will not be visited, if they propose to a woman, they will not be married, and if they die, their funerals will not be attended. It is they, who divide their wealth among them, who visit each others' graves, and who never disagree even if their countries are different.” (أولئك الخفيض عيشهم، المنتقلة دارهم، الذين إن شهدوا لم يعرفوا، وإن غابوا لم يفتقدوا، وإن مرضوا لم يعادوا، وإن خطبوا لم يزوجوا، وإن ماتوا لم يشهدوا، أولئك الذين في أموالهم يتواسون، وفي قبورهم يتزاورون، ولا تختلف أهواؤهم وإن اختلفت بهم البلدان). This isn't an instruction to be aloof, but rather, it's describing the state of the true believers of this time. They will be supporters of one another and have close ties, but to the outside world, it is as if they do not even exist. They are not recognized by their merit, and that's exactly what is happening now. The good is seen as evil, and the evil is seen as good, and so consequently, the Shi`a are despised, rejected, unrecognized, not missed, not visited, and not felt for. Sound familiar? This is a part of the tawalla and tabarra. Anyone can pray, fast, perform Hajj, and give alms, but the true Shi`i is the one who has a direct relationship with his Imam and disassociates from his enemies. During the time of Husayn (as), when he was calling his supporters to come with him to Karbala, it did not suffice to say "I am going to stay in Medina, pray more tahajjud, write up some fiqh manuals". The true supporter had to live Husayn's life and die his death. Those who didn't regretted that, and they became the tawwabun. During the time of as-Sadiq, he became a teacher and educator in theology and jurisprudence, and likewise, his companions were not off joining revolutions - they were students of his and teachers of the people. What I find fascinating is that the 313 live the life of the Hidden Imam. That is, they live simply, they are unrecognized, they are forgotten, they support one-another, and they seclude themselves from the overspreading darkness of this world. They feel the Imam's suffering and fear, and live it. But, their proximity to Imam will allow them to all travel to Mecca prior to his coming. They will be the first to give bay`a to the Imam upon his appearance. Then, they take on the new characteristics of the Imam: utmost strength, courage, initiative, and they abandon taqiyya. Then, with the Imam together, they bring justice and peace to a world fraught with tyranny and injustice.
  12. 30 points
    Muhammed Ali

    Hameedeh Appreciation Thread

    Sister I am sorry to do this to you :) You work harder than all the other moderators and admins combined. You praise and thank the mods for their work in the moderator appreciation thread (in the mods forum). So now we need a thread just for you. Can the people please say lots of nice things about her? :) You are not allowed to lock this thread, otherwise I will get repenter to reopen it.
  13. 29 points
    starlight

    Thank You Everyone!

    Whoa!! What a roller coaster ride this past week's been. Whoops of joy, endless hours of going through member's list screening for potential voters, feeling my heart sink at losing a vote one minute and overwhelmed by the love and support shown by the members the next, countless trips from my office to the bougainvilleas growing outside the Anatomy department to check for new posts(that's the only place at work where phone signals are strong enough to browse web :p)coworkers expressing concern at me being so jittery all of a sudden, a burnt omelette while trying to think of replies :d ,several sleepless nights, thumping in the chest when refreshing page to check for votes..... I never imagined this whole thing would be so intense,so draining on one hand and equally exhilarating at the other... but it was worth it... Every minute of it. I want to thank all those members who put their trust in me by voting for me and also those who didn't because with every lost vote my resolve to win this became stronger. I am grateful to all those who supported me, a very BIG THANKS to Marbles for being with me throughout the campaign, for working with me through member's lists and for providing me with excellent advice all along. I would also like to thank Darth Vader, insearchoflight, Nooralbatul, skamran110, GC, AnaAmmar,Iamhussaini for their support. Thanks to the other candidates for making this such a superb experience. I learned so much from all of you. I learnt the 'Power of Cake' :p who got 10% votes without even trying, Khadim uz Zahra for sticking to the campaign right till the end, Silasun for sprinkling the otherwise grim thread with jokes and of course Magma :d bro that was one helluva of a campaign, Congratulations! SC would definitely benefit from a mod like you. Last but not the least I want to thank the whole Mod team for giving democracy a chance :D especially bro Abbas for putting in time and effort to arrange the elections. Looking forward to working with you! I will always try my best to be of service to the SC members and hopefully will be able to bring some positive changes to this great website. Please keep me in your duas. Thank you again all of you.
  14. 28 points
    Reza

    ShiaChat Member of the Week!

    Every Friday (Eid-e-Jome), during God's most blessed day of the week, Moderators or Administrators will select one member as the "ShiaChat Member of the Week". Throughout the following week, everyone is encouraged to: Show that member general mercy and compassion, and an open, welcoming embrace. Make that member feel special and honored. Like that member's posts whenever possible. Withhold any grudges or divisive arguments with that member, if you have any. Once we pick a member, we'll put up their name, avatar picture, and give a few brief words here on this thread. No other prizes or anything beyond that. Nothing grand here. It's a very simple recognition. This thread will be locked to keep things simple. Stay tuned for this coming Friday, when the first person will be selected. Check the thread often, you could be selected next!
  15. 28 points
    Hameedeh

    ♥ Marriage ♥

    Marriage is not easy. You have to get to know each other. You are used to doing everything your own way. Now you need to compromise. Share with each other. Give and take. If you take more than you give, it won't be as sweet. Do not expect more from your spouse than your spouse will need from you. Life is good. It's better when you are together. If you both do your best. ♥ May your days be sunny, your nights restful, and your heart satisfied with the blessings that Allah has given you. Think Positive. ♥
  16. 28 points
    Reza

    We've Made Shiachat Great Again

    Salaam my dear friends, my colleagues, fellow youth, my elders, my fellow believing men and women, my fellow dreamers, future trolls, and alienated masses from the world over: Today is a marvelous day. We've made ShiaChat great again. I want to thank Abbas for initiating and organizing this great exercise of the people's will. I want to congratulate starlight on becoming a fellow colleague, and I'm sure we'll work well together. I want to thank the other participants (Cake, Khadim, silasun) for taking part and putting ideas and perspectives to the table. I want to thank my most vocal supporters (mina, apo, Summayeh, StarryNight, baradar, and others) for helping me out in the frontlines. But above all, I want to thank YOU. In order of increasing importance, there is winning an election, winning an argument, and winning the dream. And we will win. There are things we can do to make this site more engaging, more friendly, more amiable, and into a better community. Be sure about it. Things will happen slowly but surely, with work, patience, deliberation, perspective, and vision. Anticipate great things in our future. I am open to suggestions and thoughts. Whatever your persuasions, viewpoints, thoughts, or beliefs, if you are a genuine, well-intentioned human being who follows and respects the rules of this site, you are welcome here and have my blessing. Peace!
  17. 28 points
    Made by bro Ale Imran, and winning the 2013(?) Shiachat creativity competition. From this thread:http://www.shiachat.com/forum/topic/235014887-sc-comp-post-videos-here/ Like this post if you also want a sequel to the video! :)
  18. 27 points
    ShiaMan14

    10 Days in Iran

    I had been planning to go to Iran for a long time and finally made it a priority for me in 2016. Since I wanted to mix in sightseeing and pilgrimage in the same trip, I decided to go on my own instead of in a group. As it turned out, getting an individual visa for Iran when traveling from the US is a real hassle. We need to get permission from the Iran Foreign Ministry and then apply for the visa at the Iran Mission housed within the Pakistani Embassy in Washington, DC. After struggling for almost 3 weeks, I was able to find Taha Ziyarat Group (tahaziyarat@gmail.com) based out of Toronto that obtained the necessary approval for me for $90. Once I got my approval, I sent my passport off to the Iran Mission in Washington. I did have to follow up with them almost daily to ensure they processed my visa application expeditiously. I received my passport 4 days before flying out. While I was waiting for the visa approval, I booked my flights on Qatar Airways for a bargain price of $700 return to/from US-Tehran. For in-country arrangements, I know a maulana (NAJ) there who arranged everything for me based on my budget. Finally, the big day came and I left for Iran on Wed Mar 23rd arriving in Tehran late Thu evening (Mar 24th). NAJ had arranged for a driver to pick me up and drive straight to Qum instead of spending the night in Tehran. The drive from IKA (Imam Khomeni Airport) to Qum took about 90 minutes. The driver barely spoke English but knew where to pick me up from and where to drop me. We arrived at Qum International Hotel around 1245am (Fri Mar 25th). The hotel was about a *** US hotel, higher for Iran. Day 1 (Fri): We prayed fajr in our room and went back to bed. Since breakfast was included in our price, we went down for breakfast around 9a – nice long buffet. NAJ contacted me around 10am and picked me up from the QIH around 1030a to take me to the Roza of Masooma-e-Qum. We walked to the roza and were there at 1035a. The hotel is the closet one to the roza. NAJ showed us around the haram and provided us some background about Masooma and her roza. From 1130a – 2p, we were on our own to recite ziyarat, salah-e-jumah and dua. I wandered around the roza and made my way to the masjid adjoining the roza. It is an absolutely beautiful mosque. They had beautiful recitations of the quran and then some speeches followed by Azaan. The Jumah khutba was recited by an Ayatollah in Farsi (of course) and then namaz-e-jumah. Although I did not understand most of the khutba, one thing that was unmistakable was the ‘marg-al-Amreeka’ chants (down with America or death to America). They were loud and boisterous. Shrine of Bibi Masooma Qum (as). After salah-e-jumah, NAJ took us to the Suffrah of Masooma where were had a decent meal of rice with spinach with potatoes. We went to our hotel after lunch for some R&R and then returned to the haram for maghribain. After namaz, NAJ took us around the bazaar outside the haram. The clothing looked like they were from the 70s and 80s. Religious paraphernalia including irani chador were well stocked and affordably priced. Almost evey other shop sold halwa-suhan. Day 2 (Sat): We spent most of this day driving around to the various ziarats around Qum. Bait Al-Noor. Musallah of Masooma (as). This is where she spent time praying. Shrine of an Imamzadeh (Son of an Imam). Shrine of Hz. Hamza bin Musa Kazim (as). Day 3 (Sun): This was by far the most hectic day of the trip. We left around 5am to drive from Qum to Isfahan. It was about a 4-hour drive. I was surprised how much of the Iranian country was desert. The deserts in the Middle East countries (UAE, Saudi) have a lot of fine yellow sand. Iranian deserts are more rocky than sandy. Upon entering Isfahan, we visited the shrine of Masooma Zainab bint Imam Musa Khadim (as) – Masooma Qum’s younger sister. Next stop was the Jameh Mosque of Isfahan. We spent a few minutes here and then walked to Allama Majlisi’s tomb nearby. His house and surrounding are well preserved. Next was the more secular part of the Ishafan visit. We went to Naqsh-e-Jahan (half of the world) which is the main plaza of Isfahan. The weather was great and since the Nawroz holidays were still going on, it was packed with people. Within Naqsh-e-Jahan is the Ali Qapu Palace Panamoric View from Ali Qapu Palace Balcony of Naqsh-e-Jahan Since it was almost lunch time, we stopped by a street restaurant selling A’ash After lunch, we went to the Vank Cathedral. This Christian monastery was established in 1606. It contains some amazing art work. From here, we went to Khaju Bridge for some more sightseeing. At this point, we were too tired to do anything else so we headed back to Qum – 4 hour journey mostly spent napping. Day 4 (Mon): After a hectic day, sleep was going to be the primary thing on the agenda for this day but there was too much to do. We prayed fajr at the mosque next to Masooma-e-Qum’s shrine: Mosque adjacent to Masooma-e-Qum's shrine And then went back to our hotel for more sleep. We had breakfast and got ready for another fun-filled travel day. We started off by going from Qum to Mashad-e-Ardehal. This site contains the tomb of Sultan Ali son of Imam Muhammad Baqir (as) and brother of Imam Jafar Sadiq (as). Sultan Ali was brutally killed here by his enemies. From here we drove to a hilltop/mountaintop with streams running down. We had to walk down about 500 meters and got a great view of a waterfall. The most distinct feature of this area of the smell of rose water distilleries all over the place. You could get rose water for a variety of needs including simple hot rose water tea. The other distinct item being sold was fresh bee hives dripping with honey. And yes, we tried hot rose water tea with honey. From here, we went to the city of Kashan. Our first stop was an ancient archeological site called Tepe Sialk. The Sialk ziggurat Note: Entrance for most places have an Iranian Rate and a Foreigner rate (up to 3X in places). We had our driver buy the tickets and we would walk in with him talking to us in Farsi. Yes – very sneaky indeed. I excused myself by convincing myself that since both my wife and I are of Iranian descent, we qualify for the discount. Final stop of our day trip to Kashan was to the oldest extant garden in Iran known as the Bagh-e-Fin or Fin Garden. Although this was a less hectic day than the trip to Isfahan, we were still pretty tired so we drove back to Qum, had a 12-in falafel sandwich, prayed maghraibain at the haram and went to bed. Day 5 (Tue): The past couple of days had left us tired so we decided to take it easy. We went to the haram for fajr then went back to bed. We woke up just in time to catch breakfast and then went to the local market (wish I took pictures). From there we went for zohrain at the mosque adjacent to Masooma’s shrine. After a quick bite to eat, we left for the Koh-e-Khizr aka Mountain of Khizr. What was supposed to be a light day in terms of exercise became a very intense and steep climb to the top of Koh-e-Khizr. It was well worth it in the end because we got a great view of the entire city of Qum if not the whole province. Got more daunting as we got closer. For the record, the old gentleman in the pic IS NOT ME City/Province of Qum. Needless to say the climb down was nowhere near as arduous as the climb up. There was a small food vendor about half from the top. On our way up, we bought some water from him and then ice cream on the way down. After resting by the car for a few moments, we drove nearby to the Masjid-e-Jhamkaran, located on the outskirts of Qum. A brief history of this grand mosque is that it has long been a sacred place, at least since 373 A.H., 17th of Ramadan (22 February 984 C.E.), when according to the mosque website, one Sheikh Hassan ibn Muthlih Jamkarani is reported to have met Muhammad al-Mahdi along with the prophet Al-Khidr. Jamkarani was instructed that the land they were on was "noble" and that the owner — Hasan bin Muslim — was to cease cultivating it and finance the building of a mosque on it from the earnings he had accumulated from farming the land. As we had been told, the mosque starts getting filled up from about 5pm and gets fuller and fuller as the evening progresses. I am not sure if it was because of Nawruz season but it definitely had a very 'carnival' and festive feel to it. People had spread out their rugs all across the mosque courtyard and were reveling with family and friends. There was hot tea brewing and koobideh with naan being shared by one and all. Quran and then different duas were being recited, followed by maghribain and then more duas. We left around 830p to go back to our hotel. Mosque sparely populated around 4pm. Crowded!!! (730pm). Day 6 (Wed): Today was the big day when we would finally make our way to Mashad. We had packed the previous night so we left right after fajr – and yes, I skipped breakfast!!! First stop was First stop was an almost 2 hour drive to Ayatollah Khomenei’s mausoleum. It is located to the south of Tehran in the Behesht-e Zahra (the Paradise of Zahra) cemetery. Construction commenced in 1989 following Khomeini's death on June 3 of that year. It is still under construction, but when completed will be the centerpiece in a complex spread over 5,000 acres, housing a cultural and tourist center, a university for Islamic studies, a seminary, a shopping mall, and a 20,000-car parking lot. The Iranian government has reportedly devoted US$2 billion to this development. It is definitely one of the largest and most beautiful mausoleums I have come across. Visitors reciting fatiha for Ayatollah Khomenei. Please recite surah fatiha for Ayatollah Sayyid Ruhollah Mūsavi Khomeini. Next stop was the Astana Bibi Shehr Bano. On the ground level there is a cave which according to legends was the place where Zuljinah brought Bibi from Kerbala, and she was there until hostile people to Bani Hashim got news of her being there, and they tried to catch her. She climbed the hillock and then vanished in a mountainous wall. Now a zarih has been constructed together with prayer rooms for men and women. Zarih of Hz. Shehr Bano. View of other side of Tehran. who was a fifth generation descendant of Hasan ibn ‘Alī and a companion of Muhammad al-Taqī. A piece of paper was found in his pocket outlining his ancestry as being: ‘Abdul ‘Adhīm son of ‘Abdillāh son of ‘Alī son of Husayn son of Zayd son of Hasan ibn ‘Alī.Shah Abdul AzeemNext stop was the Shrine of Adjacent to the shrine, within the complex, include the mausolea of Imamzadeh Tahir (son of the fourth shia Imam Sajjad) and Imamzadeh Hamzeh (brother of the eighth Twelver Imām - Imām Reza). From here, we drove around the City of Tehran including the famed part known as Rey. I am fairly well traveled but I have to say that Tehran is one of the most picturesque cities I have visited. Situated in close proximity of the Alborz range and its majestic peak Mount Damavand , being the highest in Iran with a height of 18,550 feet ,it is a mega city of about Thirty Million People. You can see hundreds of buildings at the foot of the mountain. Not a bad view to wake up to every morning. After driving around for a couple of hours, our driver dropped us of at Tehran’s Mehrabad Intl Airport which is primarily used for domestic travel. The airport is in the heart of Tehran or at least within the city. The airport has a small cafeteria that serves hot meals of the local variety. They also have a coffee shop and ice cream parlor. After a 2-hour wait, we finally boarded our short (1-hr) flight to Mashad. The flight was as uneventful as all flights can be. I did enjoy a small boxed-meal they offered everyone despite the short flight. It made up for the breakfast that morning J. Naj had arranged a friend of his (Ali) to be our tour guide for the stay in Mashad. Since Ali’s English was a little weak, he brought along his sister (Afsanay) who was quite fluent in English. We checked into our Hotel (Hotel Omid). It is definitely one of the nicer hotels in Mashad. View of shrine from our hotel room balcony. We quickly refreshed and headed over to the Shrine of Imam Reza (as). Much to our pleasant surprise, the shrine was not as packed with zawar as we expected. It could have been the weather or Nawruz. About to enter the main hallway of the Shrine for the first time. Goose bumps. As salaam alai ka Ya Ghareeb Al Ghuraba (as) One of the many courtyards within the Shrine Complex of Imam Ali Reza (as). Day 7 (Thu): Although our intention was to go to the haram in Imam Al-Reza (as) for fajr, it was raining too hard with heavy winds to walk so we prayed in our rooms and went back to sleep. We woke up to this view: After a world class buffet breakfast, we met up with Ali and Afsanay to go to Nishapour. Once again, it was a very scenic drive. The mountain-desert country just has a certain serenity about it. On the way, we saw small villages celebrating nawroz in their own way. Our first stop was at the Qadamgah – where the footprints of the Holy Imam Al-Reza (as) can be found. Adjacent to it is a small stream said to bring benefits of all kinds to the zawar. Panoramic view of the building housing the footprint. Just before entering the area of the qadamgah is a small caravansary which use to house people back in the day. There were probably abour 20-25 room like the one shown above. Very basic room with a hearth in the middle. The rooms were considered high end. Outside the caravansary, there was just the open shelter (pretend there is no room just the outer part). Next stop was to the mausoleum of Bibi Shatitay. The legend goes that Imam himself came there and led the Namaz-e-janaza prayers for her. We made a brief stop at the historic Shah Abbas Inn/Caravansary which has been converted into several small shops selling jewelry or souvenirs. Nishapur is famous for its turquoise stone (firoza). Next stop was the shrines of Imamzade Mahruq bin Muhammad Al-Baqir bin Sajjad (as) and Ebrahim bin Ahmad bin Moosa bin Jafar (as). A short walk from here was the tomb of Omar Al-Khayam – one of the most influential thinkers of the Middle Ages. He wrote numerous treatises on mechanics, geography, mineralogy and astronomy. A short drive from here was the mausoleum of Abu Hamid bin Abu Bakr Ibrahim aka Attar Nishapuri - a Persian Muslim poet, theoretician of Sufism, and hagiographer from Nishapur who had an immense and lasting influence on Persian poetry and Sufism. If memory serves me right, next to Attar’s tomb was an archeological site from thousands of years ago. It was going through extensive renovations at the time. Our last stop was a very famous local restaurant called Emirat Restaurant. Undoubtedly the best lamb koobideh I have ever had!!! My wife and I had some very interesting conversations with Ali and Afsanay. They were both fascinated by our lives in America. They had no qualms about asking me my salary; the size and cost of our house; they were surprised if not shocked that it was okay for my wife to go grocery shopping by herself and it was perfectly safe. They were under the impression that any woman who stepped out of her house by herself was 'asking for it'. I thought it was hilarious. Now that I think about it, everything the Western media does to paint Muslims in a certain light happens in Iran too but backwards. The Western media takes 1 bad Muslim story and tries to apply it to all Muslims. The Iranian media takes a bad Western story and applies it to all Westerners. This was just my observation and nothing more. We had some other interesting conversations but those are for another day and another time. We drove back to Mashad and spent the evening the haram of Imam Al-Reza (as). Day 8 (Fri): We prayed fajr at the haram and went back to bed; then woke up to this beautiful view. Beautiful view of Roza of Ima Ali Reza (as). Since it was Friday, we stayed in our room until 11a or so and then headed to the haram again. Good thing we went early because it was fuller than we had seen since we got there. So I got a good spot in the mosque adjacent to the haram. I heard the Friday sermon (understood bits and pieces) and the “Death to American” chants, then prayed juma followed by Asr. Mosque adjacent to Imam Ali Reza's (as) shrine. Next was one of the most essential parts of the trip. One may not get this opportunity all the time. We had to take our passport to the office of Pilgrims situated in the Haram of Imam Ridha’s (as). They marked our passport and gives us a ticket for the meal. At the restaurant, they feed almost 4000 Zuwar each day. Thousands of Iranians must wait for years before they get a chance to have a meal at this restaurant. Lunch at Imam's restaurant (dastakhawan) Following lunch, Ali and Afsanay picked us up for some sightseeing. We drove around Mashad, saw her university and then went to ziarat nearby Ziarat near Mashad Iranian country side. Notice the marked difference in scenery from the previous pictures. On our way back, we stopped at an ice cream parlor for some traditional Persian ice cream. The last stop was a nearby pewter mountain. I was amazed to see people climbing it without any concern for safety. It was rainy and slick. Mrs ShiaMan14 bought a very nice souvenir. We came back, rested for a bit and then went to the haram for salah. Day 9 (Sat): This was the day to head back to Tehran. We spent the entire night at the haram until fajr. Then came back to get some rest. We got up after a couple of hours, had some breakfast and packed. We took all our luggage downstairs and went back to the haram for zuhrain. We also did the farewell ziarat, rushed back to the hotel since Ali was waiting for us. We got to the Mashad International Airport around 245pm for a 530p flight - plenty of time. Just as Ali left us, NAJ gave me a call informing me that my flight had been cancelled so he booked me on the last flight to Tehran (happened to be the cheapest option). This is when panic set in. If the last flight got cancelled, I would miss my flight from IKA to Doha and the subsequent flight to US. I could see on the monitors that there were several flights from the time now until my new flight time although all of them were on a different airline than mine. I called NAJ to ask if my ticket could be changed and he said it would not be possible. So I saw the flight I wanted about 1.5 hours later and went to their sales office. First, they couldnt understand why I wanted another ticket when I already had one. My farsi and their english were too awful to understand each other but nevertheless they allowed me to buy 2 tickets. Next problem - I did not have any Iranian Rials on me and the INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT did not have a Money Exchange! So I had to call Ali back to see if he had any rials that he could give me in exchange for dollars. By this time, he was about 20 minutes away so we had to wait for him to come back. In the meanwhile, the Sales Agent agreed to take my dollars at a fairly decent exchange rate. Basically, I bought 2 one-way tickets from Mashad to Tehran for about $100. Just as we finalized the transaction, Ali came back and I had to explain the whole thing to him as well. He, too, was confused as to why I would buy another ticket when I already had one. Anyway, we finally put all that behind us, checked-in and were on our way to Tehran. After an uneventful journey to Tehran, we drove all the way to Qum to sepnt about 3-4 hours in Qum at NAJ's house. We freshened up, ate a really nice meal and got ready to leave. Day 10 (Fri): We left Naj's house around 1am and reached IKA by 215am. Since this was the last or day after Nawruz holidays, the airport was jam packed. It took an hour to check-in, the security lines were considerably shorter so in another 15 minutes, we were at our gate. Boarding started just around fajr, so we prayed quickly and boarded our Qatar Airways flight to Doha. I was a bit nervous about returning to the US from Iran but had no problems whatsoever. A very placid end to a very hectic but thoroughly enjoyable trip. Summary: Iranians are a very joyous and happy people. There was no patch of grass where we didn't see a family setting up a picnic be it as a roadside or a courtyard of a shrine. I really wish relations between Iran and the West improves so the people can really experience the rich, colorful and impressive history, geography and culture Iran has to offer. Our entire 10 day trip cost about $1,600/pp. It was money well spent.
  19. 27 points
    Salaam. As someone who has seen a little bit of success in the corporate world, I would like to take this opportunity to offer career advice to college-going and recent graduates of ShiaChat who are about to embark on their careers. 01) Don't start planning and looking for a job when you have less than 2-3 months left of college. Job-hunting begins when you have about a year left to graduate. Identify companies you would like to work for; try to network with people to belong to these companies. 02) Create a LinkedIn Profile and keep it updated. Try to connect with people in Talent Acquisition (TA) within the companies you are interested in working for. 03) Inquire about internship opportunities within these companies even if the internships are unpaid. The experience and networking opportunities should be well worth it. 04) Career planning does not mean looking for your next job. Career planning is planning for your last job before retirement and then working your backwards to your current position. This leads to an important exercise. You have to ask yourself - "Where do I want to be in 45 years?" (45 years if starting career around 22 and working until 67). If you don't know, then work on it - think about it, evaluate your degree and see if it will help you, look at successful people with your degree. How far did they get in their careers? 05) Once you've figured out where you would like to be in 45 years, work your way backwards in 5 year intervals to different positions you will need to hold in order to get to the next level. Let's take an example within IT. You are 22 and graduating today with a degree in programming and plan to retire as CIO. Career planning would go something like: CIO (62 - 67) IT Director (56 - 61) Senior Manager (50 - 55) Department Manager (44 - 49) Project Manager (38 - 43) Team Leader (32 - 37) Programmer Analyst (27 - 21) Programming Specialist (22 - 26) It is important to note that first position and last position should be fixed. You should be flexible about all other positions in between. When evaluating new job opportunities, the first question you should ask is whether the new position will help you get to your end goal or not. If not, look elsewhere. 06) I mentioned 5 year intervals. If you are stuck in the same position for 5 years, then your career has become stagnant. Ideally, you should receive a promotion every 2.5 years or so. This does not necessarily mean a title change as much as increasing and/or different responsibilities. 07) Don't change jobs too frequently (every 18 months or so). It looks bad on a resume. 08) Don't be afraid to move laterally if it will help your end goal. Example, if you are stuck as a PM in a company and you know there is no upward mobility, then it is okay to find a PM position in another company if there is chance for growth. 09) For the most part, your degree will only help you get your first job. After that, it's what you make of yourself. 10) Never leave a position on bad terms. The corporate world is a lot smaller than you think. Most people think of the corporate ladder as a straight ladder bottom to top. A more appropriate description is that a corporate ladder is more like a Donkey Kong Maze: You have to navigate your way through the stumbling blocks to reach the top. "Where do you see yourself in 5 years?" is a very common interview question. You are almost guaranteed a job if this question is asked and you tell them that you have planned your career until retirement nad explain how this position would help you get there. I hope this helps. Feel free to reply here with questions or PM me. But my first question back will be "Where do you see yourself in 5 years?"
  20. 27 points
    Reza

    If this post gets...

    If this post gets.... 3 likes - I will post a funny emoticon 5 likes - A new Battle! thread 10 likes - Virtual cakes for everyone 20 likes - I will respond to EVERY tag. No questions asked. For one day. 40 likes - I will change my profile pic to anything you want for one week, selected among proposals here. 50 likes - SC will automatically give this topic Popular status (see Hameedeh's post below). 70 likes - I will change my forum name to anything you want for one week, selected among proposals here. 100 likes - I will shave off my hair on my head, try any food you guys want, and run outside in the freezing cold with no coat for 30 minutes
  21. 26 points
    Hameedeh

    Not Married? Keep Busy.

    Not Married? Keep yourself busy! Please, instead of thinking how many unIslamic things there are in this video, just remember the good things.
  22. 26 points
    As Salam Aleykum Hello everyone I am an Australian Christian who two years ago wanted to learn more about Islam because of the climate of terrorism which unfortunately we have a problem with still today. I have read the Qur'an and as I read more of it I believed it to be the words of god. I researched the prophet's life, his teachings and courage all inspired me to believe that his characteristics were that of a true prophet. When I met some Sunni Muslims and asked about Ali and Karbala a event that frequently popped in my research. I was told Shi'a were pagans that believed Ali was a god which these people were my friends so initially I believed them until I researched myself. I found an Islam after the prophet's death that had already strayed off the path of islam. The Arab elites quickly established themselves on top, contradicting the Qur'an with racism and greed. I saw a man named Ali who fought this until he was assassinated and his sons Hussain, Hassan and Abbas had continued to do the same which led me to conclude that Ali and Ahlulbayt were the true successors to the prophet. Now that you know my story I would like to know what steps an individual has to take to convert and confirm his belief in Islam. Thanks you for reading my story, I look forward to your answers.
  23. 26 points
    Hameedeh

    Thinking Positive

    Stress is always there and everyone has it. I know you are stressed out, because that is how life is. It is always like that. It seems so intense when you are going through something stressful. Later when you look back, you will marvel at how you survived. Stay strong. Allah is always with you. ♥ May your days be sunny, your nights restful, and your heart satisfied with the blessings that Allah has given you. Think Positive. ♥
  24. 26 points
    Reza

    Congrats Veteran Members!

    Everybody: The Admins, Mods, and Developers at ShiaChat would like to acknowledge the active members of SC who have stood by the site for ages. They have been bestowed the title of "Veteran Member". It's a title of honor only, and doesn't give any other special privileges. For now, to qualify, a member must be: 1. An Advanced member in good standing who joined before Dec. 31, 2013. 2. Has a relatively high post count. 3. Is still presently active. The full list of inductees are here: http://www.shiachat.com/forum/search/?&type=core_members&joinedDate=any&group[21]=1 @.InshAllah. @A true Sunni @Aabiss_Shakari @Akbar673 @Ali Mahdi @baqar @Darth Vader @eThErEaL @haideriam @Ibn al-Hussain @iraqi_shia @Islamic Salvation @Laayla @lalala123 @Marbles @Muhammed Ali @NormaL_UseR @P. Ease @Panzerwaffe @realizm @Renaissance_Man @Son of Placid @SoRoUsH @hasanhh @placid @abbas110 @Abu Tufayl @abuzahra @Ali_Hussain @AliSaleh @Bakir @BaqiyatullahY @Basim Ali @beardedbaker @Christianlady @doobybrother @Fatima NMA @Fink @Hassan- @Inconsolable @ireallywannaknow @Last Chance @Lion of Shia @Murteza @Noah- @power @Quisant @RiseOrDie @Rohani @rotten_coconut @Ruq @Saintly_Jinn23 @Syed Demanding @Syed.Dynasty @Wise Muslim @ZhugeLiang @yam_110 @Mohammed-Mehdi @shadow_of_light @husainshahid @Fink @skylight2 @myouvial @Martyrdom @Wahdat @Ayuoobi @Chaotic Muslem @AnaAmmar1 @David66 @coldcow @rkazmi33 @Ali-F @monad @Jahangiram @Ibn Al-Shahid @kamyar @Sumerian @forte @sayedzeeshan @Greg Potemkin Thanks, SC Team
  25. 26 points
    Abu Hadi

    Hajj 2016 by Abu Hadi

    Salam Alekum, I am now coming to you live from the Holy City of Mecca. This is my first time. We have done Umra Tamattu and are going on Friday to Arafa to begin the Hajj. I have done the first tawaf and here are my thought on this. There are some things I can say now and some I can say later. The things I can say now are that just seeing the Kaaba for the first time was something I cannot describe. It is nothing like on T.V., for those of you who have been to Mecca know what I am talking about. The best words I can use to describe it are awe inspiring. The Kaaba is radiating a spiritual energy at an intense level. It pulls you in like a moth being pulled into a flame. When you approach for tawaf you become dissolved in it. Time stops, any thoughts of the outside world stop, pain stops, hunger stops, fear stops. You realize that only love, goodness, happiness, peace, and brotherhood / sisterhood are real. You feel like everyone around you is your close family, sister, brother, aunts, uncles, although they may look different, speak different, and be from a different country. This happens in an instance, and it is not the results of any actions by any person or any structure or any group. You realize that Allah(s.w.a) is real, and everything else is from Him(s.w.a). He has no partners and associates, and noone to compete with him for power or glory. He(s.w.a) is completely in control of everything, and every step you took in your life and every action you did had a purpose and a plan, and it is part of a larger plan from Allah(s.w.a) to draw you close to Him(s.w.a). You have realized this in the past but it become a certainty then. That is the best I can describe it, though I cant describe it. It is something to be experienced, not to be talked about. Words fail completely when it comes to this. I did two rakats at Kaaba for my friends on SC. InShahAllah, every one of you can go and have same beautiful, wonderful, majestic experience, soon. I will post more as I progress thru the Hajj.
  26. 25 points
    1.Psychosomatic disorders- Use of cold water Take a bath with cool water, and especially pour it over the head; Imam Ali (a.s.) says, ‘Whoever has grief that he is unable to identify, let him wash his head. Imam Ali (as) Bihal ur Anwaar Caloric vestibular stimulation (CVS) is a technique which has recently been proven as an effective method to treat psychiatric and neurologic disorders(conversion disorder, thalamic syndrome and spinal pain to name a few) In CVS the outer ear is irrigated with cold water. This results in stimulation of the vestibular nerve which goes to the brain and stimulates areas of the higher brain centres which then alleviate the patient's symptoms. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4040883/ https://motherboard.vice.com/en_us/article/truth-through-cold-water https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18521097 2. Depression-Cure with grapes Imam Sadiq (‘a) has said: “Nabi Nuh Úáíå ÇáÓáÇã complained to God about feeling sad. Allah revealed to him, eat of the black grapes for it removes sadness.” [Makarimul Akhlaq, Vol. 1] Grapes are rich in a chemical known as "Resveraterol" which has anti depressant properties which are comparable to popular anti depressant medication 'flouxetine'(Prozac). Contrary to what most people are made to believe reseveratrol is found in both red and white grapes. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1110093114000350 https://medicalxpress.com/news/2015-03-resveratrol-depression-related-behaviors-rats.html 3. Grief - get rid of bad smell from clothes and body Imam Ali (a.s.) says, ‘Washing one’s clothes takes away grief and sorrow. There is a strong link between odor and emotion and washing the clothes and removing bad smells can bring about a change in the emotional state of a person. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3794443/ 4. Melancholy and sadness -Remember Allah. Imam as-Sadiq (a.s.) says, ‘If grief increases, you should mention “there is no power save in Allah. - Bihar ul Anwaar. At least two randomized clinical trials have found that psychotherapy supplemented with teachings from the Koran and Islamic prayer was effective in treating depression and bereavement among religious Muslims in Malaysia, compared to traditional therapy. http://www.karger.com/Article/Abstract/288954 "Verily, in the remembrance of Allah, do hearts find rest''. Quran 13:28 Recitation of the verses of the Holy Quran even without understanding the meaning leads to an increase in the Alpha waves in the brain. Alpha electrical activity in the brain is indicative of relaxed and restful awareness. http://ojie.um.edu.my/filebank/published_article/8893/Final_9 ZH.pdf http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/7478752/?reload=true http://www.patheos.com/blogs/scienceonreligion/2012/05/muslim-prayer-may-increase-alpha-waves-in-the-brain/
  27. 25 points
    Qa'im

    Spread by the Sword?

    بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم Not only is Islam the second-largest religion in the world, but it is the world’s fastest growing religion. With globalization and the influx of Muslim immigration to the West, many people are reluctantly meeting Muslims for the first time. Fear of the unknown is common, but that fear is constantly perpetuated by images of violence in the Muslim world. As a visible minority with little political leverage, the Muslim community is an easy target for xenophobes, warmongers, and nationalists. The Muslim world is the needed bogeyman for the military-industrial complex, private security companies, and isolationist politicians to thrive. Rather than trying to understand the complex imperial and economic variables that cause violence in the Muslim world, it is both simpler and more cunning to resort to generalized arguments about Islam. This view, however, overlooks the many scientific and philosophical contributions Muslims have made to Western civilization. More importantly, it distorts the reality of the Muslim civilization’s mostly-tolerant history. The centuries-old narrative that Islam was “spread by the sword” is still popular today, and it causes Muslims living in the West to be looked at as a suspicious Trojan horse waiting to Islamize the world. It is therefore necessary for us to deconstruct this worldview. This paper will briefly explore the rise and expansion of Islam, and demonstrate that tolerance and plurality were founding principles of Islamic ethics. Since the early days of the Prophet Muhammad’s ministry, Islam’s relationship with non-Muslim communities has been notable. Shortly after the Muslim migration to Medina (then known as Yathrib) in 622 CE, the Prophet drafted the Constitution of Medina. This charter put an end to tribal infighting in Medina, created a new judicial system, guaranteed the mutual protection of Muslims and non-Muslims, and established a new “Community of Believers (mu’mineen)”. (Gil, 2004, pp. 21) This community would include the Jewish tribes of Medina, while still recognizing their distinct identity and laws. Although Bernard Lewis claims that the Constitution of Medina was a unilateral proclamation by Muhammad, (Lewis, 1993, pp. 22) Muslim sources generally referred to it as a pact between the Muslims and the Jews following the two pledges at `Aqaba. Furthermore, Wellhausen, a German orientalist, regarded this charter to be a multilateral agreement negotiated between all of the involved groups. (Gil, 2004, pp. 22) The Prophet Muhammad also ratified writs of protection to other communities. The Ashtiname of Muhammad, which was written by `Ali b. Abi Talib upon the commission of Muhammad, granted privileges to the Christian monks of St. Catherine’s Monastery in Egypt. (Ratliff, 2012, pp. 63) The document guarantees that Christians are not to be overtaxed, plundered, disturbed, or coerced into marriages. (Morrow, 2013) These covenants demonstrate that the Prophet pursued a peaceful and tolerant coexistence with other communities, and made his followers accountable to ethical principles of justice. The Prophet Muhammad very plainly stressed the equality of all people, regardless of tribe, colour, class, or ethnicity. While rights differed among subgroups of society, the Islamic civilization held no concept of the natural subordination of individuals or groups. (Hamid, 1982, pp. 127) Conversion to Islam only required a simple declaration of faith, while becoming a member of the ancient Greek polity was only possible for Greek male property owners. (Hamid, 1982, pp. 127) The egalitarianism of the Quranic message was attractive to many who sought social refuge from the caste system and other forms of subordination. (Eaton, 1992, pp. 117) The Caliphate’s medieval conquests, which occurred after the Prophet Muhammad, are the main source of agitation among those suspicious of Muslims. It should be noted that `Ali b. Abi Talib, who is considered the rightful successor to Muhammad by Shia Muslims, refrained from taking part in these conquests, despite being renowned as a great warrior. There should be no doubt that there were incidents that occurred during early expansion that are not in line with the teachings of the Prophet, especially during the ridda wars and the Battle of `Ulays. The Shia Imams consistently held the Caliphate accountable during mistrials and in moments of nepotism; and they struggled to establish social and economic justice in the Muslim world. But, the frame that the Islamic conquests were wholly or mostly negative is a Eurocentric view that does not account for other pieces of the puzzle. Many ancient texts document extensive Judeo-Christian support for the Muslim conquests of Byzantium and Persia. Jews in the Levant had expected a redeemer who would deliver them from the Roman occupiers. (Crone, 1977, pp. 3-6) The Romans had destroyed the Jerusalem Temple in 134 CE, outlawed Jews from living within ten miles of Jerusalem, disbanded the Jewish high court, taxed the Jews heavily, and persecuted them for siding with the Persians. This torment ignited a messianic fervour among medieval Jews, leading to a widespread anticipation of a saviour. One of the earliest non-Muslim references to the rise of Islam is the Doctrina Jacobi, a Greek Christian anti-Jewish polemical text written in 634 CE, just two years after the passing of Prophet Muhammad. The text describes “overjoyed” Jews celebrating the Muslim arrival in Byzantium. (Crone, 1977, pp. 3) Moreover, The Secrets of Simon ben Yohai, a Jewish apocalyptic text written between the seventh and eighth centuries CE, tells of the emergence of an Ishmaelite “prophet according to God’s will” who would save the Jewish people from their oppressors. (Crone, 1977, pp. 4-5) The Islamic conquest of the Levant would restore Jewish access to Jerusalem and establish a polity that would include Muslims, Christians, and Jews alike. The Pact of Umar II, a writ of protection extended by `Umar b. `Abd al-`Aziz in the seventh century, promised safety and the right to worship to Jews, Christians, and Zoroastrians in exchange for the payment of the poll tax (jizya). (Berger, 2006, pp. 88) While some orientalists have criticized the Pact’s prohibition on riding horses, Muslim clothing and building high structures, these stipulations may have been placed to prevent insurrections against Muslim garrisons, rather than to humiliate or subordinate non-Muslims. The Muslim treatment of non-Muslims was similarly commended by Near Eastern Christians. John bar Penkaye, an East Syriac Nestorian writer of the late seventh century, praised the Muslim overthrow of the Sassanid dynasty. In his Summary of World History, he writes, “We should not think of the advent [of the children of Hagar] as something ordinary, but as due to divine working. Before calling them, [God] had prepared them beforehand to hold Christians in honour, thus they also had a special commandment from God concerning our monastic station, that they should hold it in honour … God put victory in their hands.” (Pearse) This early Christian account documents the just conduct of Muslim rulers, likening it to divine intervention. Furthermore, after the Byzantines had seized control of Egypt and put the Coptic Patriarch Benjamin I of Alexandria into exile, the Muslim conquerors restored Benjamin I’s authority and brought order to the affairs of the Coptic Church. Many cultures were drawn to Islam’s magnetic social appeal. Indonesia, which is the country with the highest population of Muslims, encountered Arab merchants in the thirteenth century. Along with the arrival of Muslim commercialism, Islamic stories and symbols were introduced to the population through traditional wayang puppet shows. (Hamish, 2011, pp. 46-51) In the Indian subcontinent, Islam provided social mobility to lower castes, giving people equal rights and freeing them from total subservience to the Brahmans. The transformative power of Sufism was also attractive to many Hindus who sought ascetic, mystical brotherhoods. (Lapidus, 1988, pp. 363) Sufi and Shia saints continue to be revered by Hindu and Sikh poets in India. Although the Muslim empires had a tumultuous relationship with European Christians over the centuries, sizable Christian and Jewish communities with ancient origins continued to thrive in the Muslim world. Moorish and Ottoman confrontations with Christendom have propelled the misconception that Islam was spread by the sword. The fact is, however, that the conversion of the Near East to Islam occurred very gradually. By 800 CE, only 18% of Iraq’s population was Muslim. (Brown, 2016) Furthermore, Egypt, Spain, and the Levant did not attain a Muslim majority until the eleventh century. (Brown 2016) This means that the Muslims were a minority in the heartlands of their own civilization for hundreds of years. While poll taxes and other social pressures certainly promoted conversion to Islam, ancient churches, synagogues, temples, and other relics were maintained. Judeo-Christian populations even had rights to printing presses and European books in the Ottoman Empire – a privilege rarely granted to Muslims. (Brown, 2016) 14% of the Middle East remained Christian by 1910, with significant populations in Syria, Palestine and Egypt. (Brown, 2016) On the other hand, Christendom had a relatively poor record with minorities. Although Iberia was mostly Muslim in the fifteenth century, all Muslims were expelled or forced to convert to Christianity in 1526. (Brown, 2016) In 1609, 3-4% of Spain’s population consisted of Christian descendants of Muslims, who were also expelled under King Philip the Third. Anti-Jewish pogroms were also common in pre and post-Enlightenment European history. While there are many ancient Christian communities in the Muslim world, there are practically no ancient Muslim communities in the Christian world, despite Islam’s long history in Spain, Portugal, Sicily, and Eastern Europe. In recent decades, the Muslim world’s relationship with its non-Muslim minority communities has suffered. Colonialism, neo-imperialism, military dictatorships, and poor economies have sometimes caused the alienation and scapegoating of ethnic and religious minorities in the Muslim world. In June 2014, the so-called Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), which rose out of the destabilization of Iraq and Syria, routed Christians out of Mosul. This genocide marked the end of over a thousand years of continuous Muslim-Christian coexistence in the region. While ISIL’s actions are a black mark on modern Islamic history, ISIL’s main military and ideological opponents are other Muslims in the region and around the world. This paper demonstrates that normative Islam seeks unity under common ethical principles. It is vital for Muslims to revive an equitable, pluralistic and tolerant worldview, not just because diversity is strength, but because it is the ethos of our civilization. Bibliography Berger, Julia Phillips., and Sue Parker. Gerson. Teaching Jewish History. Springfield, NJ: A.R.E. Pub., 2006. Print. Pearse, John Bar Penkaye, Summary of World History (Rish Melle) (2010). N.p., n.d. Web. 9 July 2016. Crone, Patricia, and Michael Cook. Hagarism: The Making of the Islamic World. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1977. Print. Http://www.youtube.com/channel/UC4L23Z_agh1qeV_odQfV6Vg. "Dr. Jonathan AC Brown - The Message of Peace Spread by the Sword - UMaine IAW 2016." YouTube. YouTube, 2016. Web. 9 July 2016. Eaton, Richard Maxwell. The Rise of Islam and the Bengal Frontier, 1204-1760. Berkeley: U of California, 1993. Print. Gil, Moshe, and David Strassler. Jews in Islamic Countries in the Middle Ages. Leiden: Brill, 2004. Print. Harnish, David D., and Anne K. Rasmussen. Divine Inspirations: Music and Islam in Indonesia. New York: Oxford UP, 2011. Print. Lapidus, Ira M. A History of Islamic Societies. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1988. Print Lewis, Bernard. The Arabs in History. Oxford: Oxford UP, 1993. Print. Morrow, John A. The Covenants of the Prophet Muhammad with the Christians of the World. N.p.: n.p., n.d. Print. Ratliff, Brandie, and Helen C. Evans. Byzantium and Islam: Age of Transition, 7th-9th Century. New York, NY: Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2012. Print. ʻInāyat, Ḥamīd. Modern Islamic Political Thought. Austin: U of Texas, 1982. Print.
  28. 25 points
    هلك الناس أجمعون قلت: من في الشرق و من في الغرب؟ قال: فقال: إنها فتحت على الضلال All the people were destroyed. I said: whomever was in the east and the west? he said: it (the whole earth) was opened up to misguidance هلكوا إلا ثلاثة ثم لحق أبو ساسان و عمار و شتيرة و أبو عمرة فصاروا سبعة All were destroyed except three - then they were joined by Abu Sasan, Ammar, Shatira and Abu Amra, so they became seven [Ja`far al-Sadiq] Did the Sahaba Apostatize? There are narrations which indicate that all the companions were destroyed except three, these were then joined by four others, so they became seven who were saved. However, most of the scholars have understood this Halak [destruction] to be that of Dhalal [misguidance] i.e. perished in Salvific terms, not Kufr [disbelief] - which is the opposite of Islam. Who are the three? They are the pillars of the Madhhab. They are explicitly named in some of the narrations below: أبي بصير قال: قلت لأبي عبد الله عليه السلام: ارتد الناس إلا ثلاثة: أبو ذر، و سلمان، و المقداد؟ قال: فقال أبو عبد الله عليه السلام: فأين أبو ساسان، و أبو عمرة الأنصاري؟ [al-Kashshi] Abi Basir said: I said to Abi Abdillah عليه السلام: all the people turned back except for three - Abu Dhar, Salman and Miqdad? Abu Abdillah عليه السلام said: so where is Abu Sasan and Abu Amra al-Ansari?! أبي بكر الحضرمى قال: قال أبو جعفر عليه السلام: ارتد الناس إلاثلاثة نفر سلمان وأبو ذر والمقداد. قال: قلت: فعمّار؟ قال عليه السلام: قد كان جاض جيضة ثم رجع ... ثم أناب الناس بعد فكان أول من أناب أبو ساسان الانصاري وأبوعمرة وشتيرة وكانوا سبعة فلم يكن يعرف حق أمير المؤمنين عليه السلام إلاّ هؤلاء السبعة [al-Kashshi] Abi Bakr al-Hadhrami said: Abu Ja`far عليه السلام said: the people turned back except three individuals - Salman, Abu Dhar and Miqdad, I said: what about Ammar? He عليه السلام said: he wobbled a bit then he returned [to the truth] … then the people repented after that, so the first ones to return [to the truth] were Abu Sasan al-Ansari, Abu Amra, Shatira, and they became seven, none recognized the right of the commander of the faithful عليه السلام except these seven. 'then the people repented after that, so the first ones ...' This shows that it was not just these seven, rather, these were the foremost of them. علي بن أبي طالب عليهم السلام قال: خلقت الارض لبسبعة بهم ترزقون وبهم تنصرون وبهم تمطرون منهم سلمان الفارسي والمقداد وأبو ذر وعّمار وحذيفة رحمة اللّه عليهم. وكان علي عليه السلام يقول: وأنا إمامهم وهم الذين صلوا على فاطمة صلوات الله عليها [al-Ikhtisas] Ali b. Abi Talib عليه السلام said: the earth was created for seven, because of them you are given sustenance, and because of them you are assisted, and because of them is rain made to fall on you, among them are Salman al-Farsi and al-Miqdad and Abu Dhar and Ammar and Hudhayfa - may Allah have mercy on them. Ali عليه السلام used to say: and I am their Imam, and they are the ones who prayed [Salat al-Mayyit] upon Fatima صلوات الله عليها The Three had a higher status than the Four حمران قال: قلت لأبي جعفر عليه السلام: ما أقلنا لو اجتمعنا على شاة ما أفنيناها قال: فقال: ألا أخبرك بأعجب من ذلك قال: فقلت: بلى قال: المهاجرون و الأنصار ذهبوا إلا (و أشار بيده) ثلاثة [al-Kashshi] Humran said: I said to Abi Ja’far عليه السلام - how few we (the Shias) are! if we gather to eat a sheep we will not be able to finish it, he (Humran) said: so he عليه السلام said: should I not inform you of something even more bewildering? he (Humran) said: I said: yes (do so), he said: the Muhajirun and the Ansar all diverted (i.e. went astray) except for - and he gestured with his hand - three. In al-Kulayni’s variant the narration continues: قال حمران: فقلت: جعلت فداك ما حال عمار؟ قال: رحم الله عمارا أبا اليقظان بايع وقتل شهيدا، فقلت في نفسي: ما شئ أفضل من الشهادة فنظر إلي فقال: لعلك ترى أنه مثل الثلاثة أيهات أيهات Humran said: may I be made your ransom - what is the status of Ammar? He said: may Allah have mercy on Ammar Aba al-Yaqdhan, he pledged allegiance and died a martyr, I said in my heart: what thing is better than martyrdom, so he [the Imam] looked at me and said: perhaps you think that he [Ammar] is like the three [in status], how far! how far! [from truth that opinion is]. Does this mean all others became apostates? The crux is the meaning of Ridda (ردّة) in these narrations. Whether it is to be understood in a linguistic sense or the technical sense of apostasy. If the latter is taken then it means all the Sahaba became Kafir [out of Islam] for not sticking to Ali. Irtidad in the linguistic sense refers to ‘turning back from something’. It has been used with this meaning in a number of verses such as: فَلَمَّا أَن جَاء الْبَشِيرُ أَلْقَاهُ عَلَى وَجْهِهِ فَارْتَدَّ بَصِيرًا قَالَ أَلَمْ أَقُل لَّكُمْ إِنِّي أَعْلَمُ مِنَ اللّهِ مَا لاَ تَعْلَمُونَ (i) So when the caravan herald [fore-runner] came he threw it on his face so he returned to seeing, he said: did I not say to you that I know from Allah what ye do not (12:96) قَالَ الَّذِي عِندَهُ عِلْمٌ مِّنَ الْكِتَابِ أَنَا آتِيكَ بِهِ قَبْلَ أَن يَرْتَدَّ إِلَيْكَ طَرْفُكَ (ii) The one who had knowledge of a part of the Book said: I will bring it to you before your glance returns back to you [i.e. you blink and open your eyes again] (27:40) مُهْطِعِينَ مُقْنِعِي رُءُوسِهِمْ لاَ يَرْتَدُّ إِلَيْهِمْ طَرْفُهُمْ وَأَفْئِدَتُهُمْ هَوَاء (iii) Racing ahead, their heads bowed down, their glances not returning back to them [i.e. unblinking] and their hearts void (14:43) Whenever Irtidad from the Diin - ‘turning back’ from the Diin i.e. apostasy in the technical sense is meant, the Qur`an qualifies it by explicitly mentioning Diin. يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُواْ مَن يَرْتَدَّ مِنكُمْ عَن دِينِهِ فَسَوْفَ يَأْتِي اللّهُ بِقَوْمٍ يُحِبُّهُمْ وَيُحِبُّونَهُ (i) O you who believe, whoever turns back from his Diin from among you then Allah will bring about a people whom He loves and they love Him (5:54) وَمَن يَرْتَدِدْ مِنكُمْ عَن دِينِهِ فَيَمُتْ وَهُوَ كَافِرٌ فَأُوْلَئِكَ حَبِطَتْ أَعْمَالُهُمْ فِي الدُّنْيَا وَالآخِرَةِ (ii) And whoever among you turns back on his Diin and dies whilst being a Kafir then those are they whose deeds have been nullified in the world and the hereafter (2:217) It is clear that the narrations about the Irtidad of the Sahaba are not qualified by Diin. To understand that meaning from it would require further proof. The Chosen Interpretation The Irtidad in the narrations should be understood [in light of other narrations] as people turning away, after the messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وآله, from what they had made incumbent on themselves in his صلى الله عليه وآله lifetime, when they gave the Bay`a to Ali b. Abi Talib as the leader of the believers i.e. Irtidad from Wilaya not apostasy from Islam. Instead, they decided to give the Bay`a to someone else because of expediency and other reasons. This was a betrayal of epic proportions that opened up the door of misguidance and innovation in the Diin, however, they had not exited the apparent Islam, nor were all on the same level of liability for this. This interpretation is aided by the following texts: أبي جعفر عليه السلام قال: كان الناس أهل ردة بعد النبي صلى الله عليه وآله إلا ثلاثة. فقلت: ومن الثلاثة؟ فقال: المقداد بن الأسود، وأبو ذر الغفاري، وسلمان الفارسي، رحمة الله وبركاته عليهم، ثم عرَف أناسٌ بعدَ يسير. وقال: هؤلاء الذين دارت عليهم الرحا وأبوا أن يبايعوا، حتى جاؤوا بأمير المؤمنين مكرَهاً فبايع، وذلك قوله تعالى: وَمَا مُحَمَّدٌ إِلاَّ رَسُولٌ قَدْ خَلَتْ مِن قَبْلِهِ الرُّسُلُ أَفَإِن مَّاتَ أَوْ قُتِلَ انقَلَبْتُمْ عَلَى أَعْقَابِكُمْ وَمَن يَنقَلِبْ عَلَىَ عَقِبَيْهِ فَلَن يَضُرَّ اللّهَ شَيْئًا وَسَيَجْزِي اللّهُ الشَّاكِرِينَ (i) [al-Kafi] Abi Ja`far عليه السلام said: the people were the people of Ridda after the prophet صلى الله عليه وآله except three. I said: who are the three? He said: al-Miqdad b. al-Aswad, Abu Dhar al-Ghiffari and Salman al-Farsi, may Allah’s mercy and blessings be upon them, then the people came to know after a while [the truth], these [three] are those around whom the banner revolved and they refused to give Bay`a [to Abu Bakr], until when they brought the commander of the faithful عليه السلام by coercion and he gave the pledge of allegiance, and that is His words the Elevated - “Muhammad is not but a messenger, messengers have come and gone before him, if he dies or is killed, will you turn back on your heels, and whoever turns back on his heels then he will not harm Allah a thing and Allah will recompense those who are grateful” (3:144). The narration indicates that the uniqueness of the three was that they did not give the Bay`a to the usurper because of knowing the true status of Ali, it was only when Ali was forced to give the Bay`a, and he did [for the Masliha which Allah willed], that the three also agreed to do it. The meaning of 'then the people came to know after a while ...' is that some people recognized their fault, and acknowledged that the commander of the faithful was the most rightful person to assume leadership. That all the others apart from the three were paralyzed by fear is shown in the narration below: أبي جعفر عليه السلام قال: جاء المهاجرون والأنصار وغيرهم بعد ذلك إلى علي عليه السلام فقالوا له: أنت والله أمير المؤمنين وأنت والله أحق الناس وأولاهم بالنبي عليه السلام هلم يدك نبايعك فوالله لنموتن قدامك! فقال علي عليه السلام: ان كنتم صادقين فاغدوا غدا علي محلقين فحلق علي عليه السلام وحلق سلمان وحلق مقداد وحلق أبو ذر ولم يحلق غيرهم؛ ثم انصرفوا فجاؤوا مرة أخرى بعد ذلك، فقالوا له أنت والله أمير المؤمنين وأنت أحق الناس وأولاهم بالنبي عليه السلام عليه السلام هلم يدك نبايعك فحلفوا فقال: إن كنتم صادقين فاغدوا علي محلقين فما حلق إلا هؤلاء الثلاثة قلت: فما كان فيهم عمار؟ فقال: لا؛ قلت: فعمار من أهل الردة؟ فقال: إنّ عمارا قد قاتل مع علي عليه السلام بعد ذلك (ii) [al-Kashshi] Abi Ja`far عليه السلام said: the Muhajirun and Ansar and others came after that [the coup at Saqifa] to Ali عليه السلام and said to him: you are by Allah the commander of the faithful, and you are by Allah the most rightful person and closest to the prophet, put forth your hand so that we can pledge allegiance to you, for by Allah we are going to die in front of you [in your defense], Ali said: if you are truthful then come to me tomorrow having shaved your head [which would visually identify the ‘rebels’ to the authorities], so Ali shaved, so did Salman, Miqdad and Abu Dhar, and no one else did, then they came a second time after the first and said: you are by Allah the most rightful person and closest to the prophet, put forth your hand so that we can pledge allegiance to you, and they swore an oath, he said: come to me tomorrow having shaved your head if you are truthful, so no one shaved except three. I said: Ammar was not among them? He said: No, I said: Ammar is from the people of Ridda? He said: Ammar fought together with Ali after that. This reaffirms that the uniqueness of the three is related to them not giving in and remaining with Ali to the end as far as his right is concerned. Note also how Ammar is not included among the Ahl al-Ridda, even in a historical sense, because of his later support for Ali. In fact, one of the reasons behind Ali accepting to give Bay`a after his show of dissent was so that the masses do not renounce the faith totally. Recall that the Islamic polity was still unstable and there were a lot of Arab tribes whose allegiance had been personally to the prophet and not the Diin per se, the Jahiliyya was not far from their psyche. أبي جعفر عليه السلام قال: إن الناس لما صنعوا ما صنعوا إذ بايعوا أبا بكر لم يمنع أمير المؤمنين عليه السلام من أن يدعو إلى نفسه إلا نظرا للناس و تخوفا عليهم أن يرتدوا عن الاسلام فيعبدوا الاوثان ولا يشهدوا أن لا إله إلا الله وأن محمدا رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وكان الاحب إليه أن يقرهم على ما صنعوا من أن يرتدوا عن جميع الاسلام وإنما هلك الذين ركبوا ما ركبوا فأما من لم يصنع ذلك ودخل فيما دخل فيه الناس على غير علم ولا عداوة لامير المؤمنين عليه السلام فإن ذلك لا يكفره ولا يخرجه من الاسلام ولذلك كتم علي عليه السلام أمره وبايع مكرها حيث لم يجد أعوانا (iii) [al-Kafi] Abu Ja'farعليه السلام said: When the people did what they did - when they gave allegiance to Abu Bakr, nothing prevented the commander of the faithful عليه السلام from calling to himself (i.e. gather support to rival them publicly) except his fear for the people - that they would apostate from Islam, and begin worshiping the idols anew, and reject witnessing that there is no God but Allah, and that Muhammad is his messenger; and it was more beloved to him to acquiesce to what they had done rather than them apostatizing from the whole of Islam. Verily, those who clambered upon this (opposing Ali for rulership) have been destroyed. As for the one who did not contribute anything to that (opposing Ali for rulership) and entered into what the people entered into without knowledge (about his status) nor enmity towards him then this act of his does not make him a disbeliever, and it does not remove him from Islam, and this is why Ali kept quiet about his matter (status), and gave allegiance while displeased, when he could not find any supporters. The narration makes it clear that had the Imam fought for his leadership i.e. a civil war it would cause irreparable damage, this is because of the tenuous position that Islam had, even the outward Islam (the Islam of the Shahadatyn) would have been wiped out. There were a lot of external and internal enemies waiting for this infighting to make sure that the whole foundation of Islam crumbles. Conclusion The Umma became, for the most part, misguided after their prophet. This is something that had also happened to the communities of past prophets. But this misguidance should not be understood to have taken all of them out of Islam as a whole, rather, by ignoring a central commandment of the prophet they have done a great sin which struck a blow to the pristine Islam. Furthermore, the protagonists differ relative to their role in the fiasco. Some were quite unaware of the whole thing and lacked full knowledge of the Haqq of Ali and his Ma`rifa, this could be because they were blind to the order of the prophet (total ignorance); had some doubts; did not have the ability to influence the outcome because of some constraints [swept away by the wave of events]; or because they showed cowardice and faltered in coming to Ali’s aid. Others later acknowledged their mistake and made up for it in the following years. All these in their different categories can be said to be the majority. Their fate in the next world of “realities” is left to Allah On the other hand, there were those who administered the whole thing. They had full knowledge of what the prophet had ordered them and what the divine commandment required them to do. They also knew the position of Ali. Despite this, they fought against this explicitly. These are those who should be treated as apparent Muslims in the daily life in this world [according to most scholars]. This is, after all, how Ali himself treated them, praying in their mosques, visiting them in sickness, helping them out when they faced challenges, eating with them etc. part of which is Taqiyya and safeguarding the greater principles of Islam, but they are undoubtedly people of the fire in the next world. Note that this interpretation is dependent on the position of differentiating between the Dharuriyat of the Diin and that of the Madhhab and considering the Shahdatayn alone to be enough in making someone a Muslim [unless taken out for some other reason]. Whilst this is a popular position among scholars today, it has had its detractors among the scholars of the past, one of them being someone like Shaykh Yusuf al-Bahrani, who considered the rejectors of the Wilaya as Kafirs with the fullest implication this has [even in this world].
  29. 25 points
    Abbas.

    Welcome Magma: New Admin

    Hi All There comes a time when us oldies have to let the younglings decide the future of the forum. Not that I am quitting yet but it is always a roller coaster ride trying to manage family, work, studies and SC at the same time. Therefore, I see having young blood with passion and commitment as an essential element to the long-term survival of this forum. We have to continue to pass the torch. Which is why the Admin team has decided to select @magma as part of their team. I would like to make specific mention of our other senior mods in the team who are also well deserving of the title. But I didn't bother them with the responsibility at this stage in consideration of the fact that they are for the most part in my situation (if not worse). In comparison, Magma has plenty of energy and time to devote to SC. So please join me in welcoming Magma as our new Admin. The brother has earned this title with his sheer commitment and devotion to the forum. Before making him an admin, my advice to him was as follows. This standard applies to all Admins so please free to let us know if you feel that we are falling short of these characteristics. Always align your decisions with our vision and mission statement. Avoid decisions reflecting a conflict of interest and personal vendetta. Think of the greater good of the Shia community (specifically) and the Muslim community (in general). Ignore personal attacks from members as well as mods. Always base your decisions on merit and principles that can be equally applied in other similar situations.
  30. 25 points
    Salam. This is a response to the twelvershia.net's article "The Teachers: Their reliability and variety" (http://twelvershia.net/2014/06/04/the-teachers-their-reliability-and-variety/). I am posting this in this hadith forum, as I feel that my discussion is more concerned with discussing matters of hadith; I am not interested into getting into a polemical debate, as those things are usually a waste of time. Rather, I am posting this for the benefit of our brothers and sisters. (If a moderator disagrees, s/he may feel free to move this topic). Summary In their article, the author of the article makes the following points: -Bukhari reports hadiths from alot more people than Kulayni. -The people that Bukhari reports from are more geographically-distributed than the people that Kulayni reports from, who are mostly from Qum -Kulayni did not travel to Kufa, (implied: and a number of other places), otherwise he would have reported from them significantly, and he reports from only two Kufans -Bukhari reports from trustworthy people, while Kulayni reports from mostly unknown and non-popular people -A list of those that Bukhari reported from, with the grading of trustworthiness for each individual, is provided. Also provided are the quantities of individuals per level of grading of trustworthiness. For example, Bukhari reported from 188 trustworthy narrators, 88 honest narrators, etc. And, also provided are the quantity of individuals per geographic location. And, the precise number of hadiths that Bukhari reported from the one whom he reported the most from in his Sahih book. This is then repeated for Kulayni. -Therefore, this means that Bukhari put much greater effort into authoring his book. -Kulayni relied upon a "small set of people" that lived in a "little town" called Qum. Therefore, the chance of a conspiracy is greater, as opposed to the chance that Sahih Bukhari is a result of a conspiracy. If Bukhari had been fabricating narrations in his book, then various people around the Muslim-dominated lands at that time would have openly accused him of lying and fabricating. -"A scholar as popular and famous as Bukhari can’t have done that, for if he did then all of those 300 scholars from around the Islamic world would openly accuse him of lying and attributing fabrications to them" and "Bukhari was praised and welcomed by the scholars and their students" -Bukhari's book is a "safer option" because the highest amount of narrations per a single direct narrator to Bukhari is 4%, while the same for Kulayni is 30%. So, if `Ali bin Ibrahim al-Qummi, the biggest direct reporter to Kulayni, was not actually trustworthy, then "it would almost be like destroying Al-Kafi in its entirety". I summarise these into the following main point: Bukhari reported directly narrated from narrators that were geographically-diverse, larger in quantity, and many more of them were trustworthy. My response Praise be to Allah, and I seek refuge in Him. Blessings be upon Muhammad and his selected Ahlulbayt. The problem with this article is that the author compares the Sunni work, Sahih al-Bukhari, to the Shia work, al-Kafi, based on a number of premises that are not necessarily true. These premises are inferred from a certain Sunni rijali perspective of Sahih al-Bukhari, and then presumed to be equally relevant to al-Kafi. The reality, though, is that Kulayni and Bukhari were from different sects, had different intentions, different methodologies, were in different circumstances, etc. For example, Bukhari's Sahih was intended to be a book of narrations, on a variety of subjects, that were considered definitely reliable, purely by the standards of `ilm ar-rijal. In contrast, Kulayni's work was intended to be an encloypedia of narrations on a variety of subjects, from which reliable narrations could be taken; (the belief that Kulayni wrote that his book was entirely sahih is not worth considering here and would completely diverge the discussion). In other words, Kulayni's focus was more on collecting narrations on every relevant topic to one's life, while Bukhari's focus was more on sihha. Even though both of them intended, to some degree, to be comprehensive and quote reliable narrations, Kulayni quotes narrations that are weak, contradictory, isolated, not to be acted upon etc. and said in his own introduction that he intended the book to fulfil requirements: providing all that is needed in terms of the instructions and guidance of the Infallibles [a]. Whereas, Bukhari quotes only that which he considers reliable, and, unlike Muslim bin al-Hajjaj (the author of Sahih Muslim), selects for inclusion in his book the hadiths that he wants its reader to act upon, as it was a more "legally-charged" work - hence also the legal commentary, whereas Kulayni very rarely speaks in his own work. So, the focuses ultimately diverge. Another example is that their methodologies differ. As already mentioned, Bukhari included the ahadith that were reliable by their chain, whereas Kulayni clearly wasn't restricting himself to this, since he quotes many hadiths that pass through weak narrators. Thus, to complain that Kulayni reported directly from narrators that were fewer in number, less geographically-diverse, and that less of them were trustworthy than those that Bukhari narrated from, presumes that Kulayni set out with the same methodology as Bukhari, and with the same focus as Bukhari, and so on. If Kulayni did, then yes, Kulayni's results were inferior to Bukhari. However, these presumptions are false. This probably requires some expansion to truly grasp the understanding that is necessary here. So, I will try to be more specific. I hope some of the points are not too subtle. To be specific: With regard to the comparision between Kulayni reporting from a smaller number of narrators than the number that Bukhari directly reported from, then this presumes that Kulayni was serving as the "primary" collector of these narrations in al-Kafi and the primary one to collect them together. We can categorise the Shia works of hadith into three "generations" of works. The first were the usul and similar works, which were either composed by the Imam's companion or his student or their like, with very short chains back to the Imam. The second were the compilations that gathered together a number of the usul. A famous example would be Nawadir al-Hikma by Muhammad bin Ahmad bin Yahya. Some of these second generation works were organised properly - often by topic - and some were not. For example, the Nawadir of Ahmad bin Muhammad bin `Isa and the Kitab al-Mashaykha were organised into chapters by Dawud bin Kura. The third were the works that absorbed and selected from various second generation works. Two very famous examples of these would be al-Kafi and Man La Yahduru al-Faqih. (The division of works and their authors into this three categories is rough, and not black-and-white; hence, for example, sometimes second generation authors report from second generation authors). So, in some ways (and not all), Muhammad bin Ahmad bin Yahya, Ahmad bin Muhammad bin `Isa, and others like them, are the ones who should be compared to Bukhari, not Kulayni; because although Kulayni exerted much effort in collecting, selecting, compiling and organising al-Kafi, he was relying on the second generation works that had already collected many of the primary works together. Kulayni would be better compared, in this specific context, to someone who collected some of the (Sunni) Five/Six Books together, or collected from them and included other narrations. For example: 949 - محمد بن عبد الله بن جعفر بن الحسين بن جامع بن مالك الحميري أبو جعفر القمي كان ثقة وجها كاتب صاحب الأمر عليه السلام و سأله مسائل في أبواب الشريعة قال لنا أحمد بن الحسين: وقعت هذه المسائل إلي في أصلها و التوقيعات بين السطور. و كان له إخوة جعفر و الحسين و أحمد كلهم كان له مكاتبة. و لمحمد كتب منها: كتاب الحقوق كتاب الأوائل كتاب السماء كتاب الأرض كتاب المساحة و البلدان كتاب إبليس و جنوده كتاب الاحتجاج. أخبرنا أبو عبد الله بن شاذان القزويني قال: حدثنا علي بن حاتم بن أبي حاتم قال: قال محمد بن عبد الله بن جعفر: كان السبب في تصنيفي هذه الكتب أني تفقدت فهرست كتب المساحة التي صنفها أحمد بن أبي عبد الله البرقي و نسختها و رويتها عمن رواها عنه و سقطت هذه السنة الكتب عني فلم أجد لها نسخة فسألت إخواننا بقم و بغداد و الري فلم أجدها عند أحد منهم فرجعت إلى الأصول و المصنفات فأخرجتها و ألزمت كل حديث منها كتابه و بابه الذي شاكله. Rough translation: Muhammad bin `Abdullah bin Ja`far bin al-Hussain bin Jami` bin Malik al-Himyari. Abu Ja`far, al-Qummi. He was trustworthy, eminent (wajh). He wrote to the Sahib al-Amr (i.e. Imam al-Mahdi) [a] and asked him (about) issues (masa'il) regarding the matters of Shari`ah (i.e. fiqh). Ahmad bin al-Hussain (Ibn al-Ghada'iri) said to us: These issues have reached me in their original form, with the signed (answers) in-between the lines. And he had brothers, Ja`far, al-Hussain, Ahmad, all of whom had correspondance. And Muhammad has books. From them: Book of Rights, Book of Initiators, Book of the Sky, Book of the Earth, Book of the Land (Misaha) and Countries, Book of Iblis and his armies, Book of Proofs. Abu `Abdullah bin Shadhan al-Qazwini related to us; he said: `Ali bin Hatim narrated to us; he said: Muhammad bin `Abdullah bin Ja`far said: The reason for my compilation of these books (is) I had inspected the collection of the books of al-Misaha which Ahmad bin Abi `Abdillah al-Barqi had composed, and its manuscript, which I had reported it from the one who reported it from him, but the books were lost from me in this year, and I did not find a manuscript for it. So, I asked our brothers in Qum, and in Baghdad, and in Rayy, but I did not find it with one of them. So, I returned to the usul and the musannafat, and I extracted and placed every hadith from them into its book and chapter which resembled it (originally). This example serves to show that Muhammad bin `Abdullah bin Ja`far al-Himyari, may Allah have mercy upon him, used to have the kitab al-Misaha of Ahmad bin Abi `Abdillah Muhammad bin Khalid al-Barqi, which was a second generation work, based on the usul and their like - i.e. the first generation works. When this work was lost to Himyari, then upon looking for another copy and being unable to find one, he re-made the book by returning to the usul and musannafat and composing something similar to it. Kulayni is a third-generation author who drew upon Barqi, the author of the famous large hadith collection named al-Mahasin, which was a second-generation work, and he drew upon other second-generation works. The very nature of second-generation works - that is, they compile together many smaller usul - means that the number of second-generation works would be far smaller in number. Hence, third generation authors would be referring to second generations works, which would be fewer in number and larger in size. So, although Kulayni is ultimately drawing upon hundreds of primary generation works, he is doing so mostly through second generation works, which combine them and hence are fewer in number. So, Kulayni is taking much from second generation works, literally quoting the hadiths in them, and then giving his turuq (paths of transmission) to them. Kulayni has no need to give as many paths as he can for the book he quotes from. He only needs one tariq that he depends upon, or one tariq that has a qarina to safeguard the transmission. (The reader will remember that Kulayni's ultimate focus was not on proving reliability by chain. Even if it hypothetically were, then a single reliable tariq in his eyes would suffice). For example, Ibrahim bin Hashim would be an example of a second generation author, who Kulayni heavily takes from. Kulayni has no need to give multiple turuq to Ibrahim, and instead gives one tariq - the intermediary of `Ali bin Ibrahim bin Hashim, who is trustworthy. For some narrators, it seems evident that Kulayni has access to multiple paths, but will give one path, or will give a different number of paths in different places. Likewise, we know that Tusi had multiple paths to the books that he depended upon for his Tahdhibayn, and similarly, Saduq also had multiple paths to the narrators and their books that he depended upon for his al-Faqih, as is clear from their Mashaykha works. Similarly, Najashi says in his introduction to his Fihrist that he does not mention all of the paths that are available for books. In addition, some of these second-generation works were well-known or famous, and hence multiple paths and even, arguably, a transworthy intermediary-transmitter, were not truly necessary, as anyone could refer to these books. (Although, this would be arguably diminished if the manuscripts differed substantially depending on the reporters). For example, when it comes to a narration of Ibn Mahbub, found in its complete form in Tahdhib volume 7 p400 #6, Kulayni quotes it in 3 (or maybe 4) parts in al-Kafi. In two instances, he gives the path of "a number of companions from Sahl, and also `Ali bin Ibrahim from his father, both from Ibn Mahbub", and in a third instance, he adds "and Muhammad bin Yahya from `Ahmad bin Muhammad bin `Isa, all from Ibn Mahbub". So, in actual fact, Kulayni drew upon many more sources for narrations, than simply his direct shuyukh (pl. of shaykhs), and these include books by the following major shuyukh of the Shi`a (let alone the ones who were less important): Ibn Abi `Umayr, Hammad bin `Isa, Ibn Mahbub, Ahmad bin Muhammad bin Abi Nasr, Ahmad bin Muhammad bin `Isa, Ibn Faddal senior, Safwan bin Yahya, Muhammad bin al-Hussain bin Abi al-Khattab, al-Fadhl bin Shadhan, and others. Many of the intermediaries that Kulayni uses to get to the narrators that he draws upons are really not much more than shuyukh al-ijaza, i.e. narrators who are mostly serving as intermediary transmitters of works, rather than as actual collectors of hadiths. For example, Ibrahim bin Hashim heard much from many shaykhs, while his son, `Ali bin Ibrahim, depended mostly upon the narrations that his father and al-`Ubaydi had collected; so, `Ali bin Ibrahim serves more as a shaykh al-ijaza for Kulayni to Ibrahim bin Hashim (and `Ubaydi). (Any attempts to diverge this into a discussion regarding the trustworthiness of Ibrahim are evidence of either insincere tactics or missing the point). Another example is Ahmad bin Muhammad bin `Isa who travelled in search of hadiths, whereas one of the transmitters of his narrations to Kulayni, the aforementioned Dawud bin Kura does not narrate a single hadith in Wasa'il ash-Shi`a, except for those that he, amongst others, narrates to Kulayni from Ahmad bin Muhammad bin `Isa. So, to judge Kulayni's utilisation of sources in compiling his book by looking solely at his direct shuyukh would be incorrect. Many of these narrators, who served as sources for Kulayni, were famous, and it was impossible for Kulayni or his intermediaries to have fabricated narrations and ascribed them to them. For example, Himyari junior, when he recomposed kitab al-Misaha, did not find that the relevant contents of the usul and musannafat contradicted what he had found in Barqi's kitab al-Misaha. Likewise, Tusi did not find that al-Kafi contradicted the books by the authors it quotes from. And so on. Indeed, Kulayni's book, al-Kafi, was widely circulated from the beginning. Those who narrated it from him, in the immediate generation after Kulayni, include: Abu Ghalib az-Zurari, Ja`far bin Muhammad bin Quluwayh, Ibn Abi Rafi`, Harun bin Musa at-Tala`kubari, Abi al-Mufaddhal ash-Shaybani, Ahmad bin `Ali bin Sa`id al-Kufi, Ahmad bin Ibrahim adh-Dhamiri, `Abd al-Karim bin `Abdullah bin Nasr, Muhammad bin Muhammad bin `Asim al-Kulayni, `Ali bin Ahmad bin Musa and Muhammad bin Ahmad as-Sinani, and others. Many of these names belong to famous, major shuyukh of the ta`ifa (i.e. the Imami Shi`a sect), and who lived in different areas. Despite its circulation, no-one accused al-Kafi of having many narrations that could not be found in the works by authors that al-Kafi took from, nor did they accuse it of having discrepancies with what was found in the works of the authors it quoted from. The usul and their like were available for a long period of time afterward, as were a number of the second-generation works. Rather, instead, he was graced with the rare "awthaq-nas" ("(the) most trustworthy of the people") strengthening, as found in the rijali work Fihrist an-Najashi, whose author was the student of multiple rijali shuyukh such as Ibn Nuh and al-Ghada'iri - and indeed this rare strengthening was even specified to be in regard to the matter of hadith ("awthaq an-nas fi al-hadith wa athbatahum"). None of the big shuyukh from the main cities of Shia narrators criticised Kulayni's trustworthiness or al-Kafi's trustworthiness - and he was quoting from the books of deceased famous narrators from their own main cities. On that note, the author's description of Qum as a "little town" is erroneous, even just in its implications alone. Arguably, the three most important cities for the Shia Muslim narrators, in the later Imams' lives and for a time afterward, were Qum, Baghdad and Rayy; (this is corroborated by what Himyari junior says above). It was not just a "small town" (even if that was its physical size, although it seems to be more accurate to call it a city), but one of the most important centres of Imami Shi`im for a period, and there were many Qummi narrators, from whom the best of them were amongst the greatest shuykh of the ta`ifa. In-fact, as the centuries have passed, although some level of criticism seems to have been raised against Muhammad bin `Ali bin al-Hussain by a few or so of the scholars, using a relatively very small number of evidences, no Imami scholar (to my limited knowledge) has levelled a real criticism against the trustworthiness of Kulayni. Hence, it is no wonder that Kulayni was described as "awthaq an-nas fi al-hadith wa athbatahum" by Najashi, who is close to his time with two generations in-between he and Kulayni, and the Shaykh of the scholars in Rayy ("our companions") in his time, and the most eminent (wajhahum) of them. Also, as per what I have read from Dr Jonathan Brown's work: Bukhari's Sahih and Muslim's Sahih were not immediately famous like they would become later; (in-fact, the concept of a Sahih book even offended some of the leading rijali shuyukh like Abu Zur`a). For example, Bukhari was initially more well-known for his Tarikh than his Sahih. Also, Firabri appears to be the main transmitter of Sahih Bukhari. Although Ibrahim bin Ma`qil an-Nasafi and Hammad bin Shakir also transmitted Sahih Bukhari, their specifics transmission do not reach our time, and their transmissions differed with Firabri's by two or three hundred narrations. Ibn Hajr tries to reconcile this by suggesting that Bukhari narrated his Sahih while in draft form to the other two, and narrated the finished version to Firabri. (With that said, there is a report that Fibrari's copy was partially in draft form as it had some sections, with a number of chapter headings lacking hadiths, or hadiths with no chapter headings). So, despite all the bravado about the multiplicity of chains and sources, it seems that the version of Bukhari's book has reached us today, reaches us through one transmitter. I will note here that I disagree with listing some of the names of those that Kulayni reported from as Kulayni's "teachers". Yes, Kulayni reported a few hadiths from some of them, and hence they would be commonly called "shaykhs" of Kulayni. However, the reality is that Kulayni wasn't taking many narrations from them, nor using them as shaykh al-ijaza. Rather, he just wanted to include a couple of specific hadiths that they had, even if they had many narrations. For example, on the list is Muhammad bin `Abdullah bin Ja`far al-Himyari, who Kulayni quotes 8 hadiths through. So, they are not really a teacher of Kulayni or someone Kulayni depended upon. Thus, criticising the proportion of thiqat to total number of narrators isn't correct. It would be more correct to analyse the proportion of thiqat of narrators that Kulayni actually depended upon, and not just selected a handful or two of narrations (for whatever specific purposes, as one might try to discern by looking at specific cases) from. The incorrect analysis and proportion by the author also ignores how much of Kulayni's narrations were corroborated. On this train of thought, it is important to point out that just because Kulayni did not take from certain major shuyukh in cities such as Kufa, then it does not prove that Kulayni did not travel there in search for knowledge, for Kulayni did not take from certain major shuyukh even in Qum. The author ends up cheating in his aim to lower the status of Kulayni/al-Kafi when he gives the variety of Kulayni's shuyukh and imposes a particular criterion that rules out "most" (as per the author's own words) of those Kulayni reported from: "Variety in his teachers (excluding unknown narrators): [...]". Rather, the author should include all of those Kulayni reported narrations from, even if they are majhul, so that we can see how diverse those whom Kulayni took from are. It does not matter whether they are known to be thiqa or whether their tawthiq has not been reached us; what matters here is how geographically diverse they are. A more correct listing (taking into account my exclusion of those he reported very little from as mentioned earlier) (excluding those who are "new" in his `iddas): -`Ali bin Ibrahim al-Qummi (Qum) (thiqa fi al-hadith, thabit, mu`tamid, sahih al-madhhab) -Muhammad bin Yahya al-`Attar al-Qummi (Qum) (shaykh of our companions in his time, thiqa, `ayn) -Ahmad bin Idris al-Qummi (Qum) (he was thiqa, a faqih amongst our companions, sahih ar-riwaya) -Al-Hussain bin Muhammad bin `Amir (Qum) (thiqa) -Muhammad bin Isma`il an-Nisaburi (Nishapur) (majhool `ala adh-dhahir) -`Ali bin Muhammad `Allan al-Kulayni ar-Razi (Rayy) (thiqa, `ayn) -Humayd bin Ziyad (Kufi who resided in Ninevah (Mousal, Iraq)) (thiqa, `alim, jaleel, wasi` al-`ilm, thiqa) -`Ali bin Muhammad bin `Abdullah bin `Imran (Qummi) (thiqa, fadhil, faqih) -Ahmad bin Muhammad al-`Asimi (his origin was Kufi, and he resided in Baghdad, and reported from the Kufi shuyukh) (thiqa fi al-hadith, khayran) -Muhammad bin al-Hasan at-Ta'i ar-Razi (Rayy) (majhool) -Muhammad bin Ja`far al-Asadi al-Kufi (Kufi who resided in Rayy) (thiqa, sahih al-hadith, but he reported from dhu`ufa' and believed in jabr and tashbih) -Ahmad bin Mihran (?) (Kitab adh-dhu`ufa' weakened him) -Muhammad bin Ja`far ar-Razzaz al-Kufi (Rayy/Kufa) (it appears that he was indeed thiqa, except he has no proper entry and hence tawthiq was not recorded; however, Abi Ghalib relied upon him, as did Ja`far bin Muhammad bin Quluwayh). Therefore: Qum = 5; Nishapur = 1; Rayy = 3/4; Ninevah = 1; Baghdad = 1; Kufa = 0/1. So, there are 13 significant shaykhs in total, with 9 thiqat, 1 probable-thiqa, 2 majhools, and 1 dha`if. As for Muhammad bin al-Hasain at-Ta'i, he is one of the shuyukh al-ijaza of Kulayni for Sahl bin Ziyad, reporting not too much from others in al-Kafi. As for Muhammad bin Isma`il, he is the shaykh al-ijaza of Kulayni for al-Fadhl bin Shadhan, and both Muhsini and Dawari both advance arguments for the reliability of what is reported from him in al-Kafi. So, Kulayni reports most of his ahadith through mostly trustworthy and popular teachers. So, from his immediate shuykh, he took mainly from Qum and Rayy, two of the three most important cities of Shi`i narrators. He also did take from the Iraqis, as two of his shaykhs are there. Using only two teachers from Iraq as major sources in al-Kafi does not prove that Kulayni did not travel to Iraq (Baghdad/Kufa/Ninevah/etc) and collect narrations from shaykhs there. Afterall, he reported directly from two Iraqis, and that is in itself evidence that he took from them! As for the author's statement that "Surely, Al-Kulayni would have narrated from more teachers in Al-Kufa, which was a center for hadith studies at the time, if he had been there", then this is only speculation, and it is countered by evidence, where, for example, we see Kulayni not utilising much the narrations of some of those in Qum, such as Himyari and Saffar, despite these two have many many narrations.. It is also worth pointing out that Kulayni, in his introduction to al-Kafi, makes two statements of interest showing that he had access to more narrations, and that he could have gained more narrations. First, he says that he made kitab al-hujjah longer (i.e. included more hadiths), which implies that he could have made the other books longer. Second, he says that if God wills, he hopes/intends to make a bigger book. Lastly, Kulayni's book was entitled "al-Kafi" (the sufficient), not "al-Wafi/al-Kamil" (the abundantly sufficient/the complete); what Kulayni included his book certainly fulfilled this title. And of course, as pointed out before, Kulayni's sources extend beyond his direct shuyukh, as his direct shuyukh were mostly serving as shuyukh al-ijaza. For example, Kulayni tapped into the the narrations of Ibn Abi `Umayr the Baghdadi via `Ali bin Ibrahim from his father. Additionally, it is very important to remember that the Shi`a ta`ifa, and thus its `ulema, and from amongst them the hadith narrators, was many times smaller than the Sunnis. They were also less geographically diverse (which is partly due to their smaller numbers). For example, it can be argued that one of the reasons why Qum thrived in its (classical) prime was because it was mostly inhabited by Shi`a and was semi-autonomous (and hence encountered less oppression and bothering from Sunnis). Thus, it is not only natural, but even expected, that the Sunnis had many more hadith narrators than the Shi`a, and that they would be more diversly distributed across the Muslim-dominated lands. So, inferences regarding numbers made from such a comparision would clearly be faulty. Furthermore, it is of incredible irony that the author of the article would try to fault Kulayni with some imaginery scenario where a very trustworthy narrator, who Kulayni heavily relies upon, magically becomes weak, and how this makes al-Kafi a less "safe option", when much, if not most, of Sahih Bukhari ends up at the same handful of sahaba, of whom the `adalah of a number of them is problematic, whose dhabt is not necessarily established, whose reporting of the Prophet hadiths is mostly/heavily marasil due to their young ages/entering Islam late/etc. (sometimes from each other!), etc. (I will not go into detail as this is not the place for it in order to avoid diverigng from the topic at hand). `Ali bin Ibrahim is described as "thiqa fi al-hadith, thabit, mu`tamid" which all relate to his trustworthiness and reliability; so, his trustworthiness is established, and imaginery fantasy scenarios where something was not as it was, are a waste of time; we have a hujjah for his reliability. On the other hand, the possibility that one of these handful of sahaba in themselves, or his/her narrations, is not actually trustworthy, due to the aforementioned issues, is much more likely. If indeed if this was the case, then Sahih Bukhari would lose many hundreds of hadiths. When we remember that Sahih Bukhari has only ~4000 Prophetic hadiths in it (~7000 with repeats), then a significant portion of Sahih Bukhari that would be lost, due to the lack of corroboration at the level of the sahaba. For example, if we say that Abu Hurayra has ~1000 narrations (including repeats) in Sahih Bukhari, then 14% of the book is lost. So, this does not make Bukhari's book "a much safer option", as, first, the likelihood of one of these handful of sahaba being not being trustworthy has some significant likelihood (higher than `Ali bin Ibrahim not being thiqa), and second, a significant portion of Sahih Bukhari, which is smaller, would also be lost. (Any argument about how Sahih Bukhari contains more hadiths from the Prophet than al-Kafi are clearly irrelevant as, to the Shia, the Prophet and Imams [a] are all authoratative sources of the Deen, and the knowledge of the Imams was generally obtained through their family line back to the Prophet . Such an argument would again be making the same type of error as the article of this author: taking premises for one case and trying to force them upon another case). Also, there is a certain threshold where discussion about fabrication becomes rather pointless. For example, Kulayni relied upon multiple, corroborated sources written by some of the most famous narrators of the Shia, who lived in various areas, and so even if he technically reported from less people than Bukhari, and reported from people who were less variously distrubuted, that does not mean we should have a fanciful discussion about fabrication or "safer option", as the threshold for Kulayni, his shuyukh, and Kulayni's sources has already been met, and even surpassed. Furthermore, Kulayni sometimes quotes multiple similar hadiths that corroborate each other. For example, in the very first chapter (/book) of al-Kafi, Kulayni quotes multiple hadiths that are similar, some of which are variations, or alternatively-reported, for some words ascribed to the Imam. So, by seeing that multiple sources, that he has drawn upon, have reported the same or similar wording or purport, then this collectively acts as corroboration. So, even though Kulayni reported from dhu`ufa' in al-Kafi, like Sahl bin Ziyad, the narrations are often corroborated. Therefore, the inference that Kulayni put in a lesser effort is based on faulty presumptions and implicit evidences that are open to reinterpretation. Kulayni put 20 years of his life into compiling al-Kafi, which means he did indeed put a lot of effort into making al-Kafi. Bukhari put 16 years into compiling his Sahih book, and his Sahih book is far smaller than al-Kafi (not due to any lack of available sahih/hasan hadiths, as Bukhari himself is reported to have said that he did not collected all of the sahih hadiths, and Muslim, for example, includes other sahih hadiths in his own Sahih book). I apologise for any mistakes. I will emphasise that some of my points have subtley to them, making their understanding crucial. So, one who makes a reply such as calling the above paragraphs "excuses for weaknesses in Shia hadith", or otherwise, will not only be factually erroneous due to what has been explained above, but also probably indicate a lack of sufficient understanding. Wasalam.
  31. 24 points
    I work in a package central. We sort all kinds of packages and parcels and ship them away. I was happy that I found a halal job.... I thought. After some months I saw that we received wine parcels. Meaning that we had to sort this wine in cages. This is obviously haram. My mood went down yet I was afraid to tell my boss about it. What would he think? Maybe that I was too extreme. You can't imagine how afraid I was. So, instead of saying it to my boss I used various ways to avoid the wine. When it came, I'd go to the toilet or I would tell a person to help me and I would leave (two persons sort these wine parcels and I was constantly one of them). I hated it. I really feared Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى that I may commit sins. Today I saw the wine again. I had successfully avoided it for a long time but I knew today would be the day I couldn't escape. I tried really hard to avoid being there but nope this was my place. I had one last option: Tell my boss. I have more than one boss and today a second one saw me and said "You have an alcohol problem" (he said it jokingly). I knew he knew. I couldn't bear it. I said to my boss that I had an issue with alcohol. His reaction? Wow, I was shocked. He said it was very good that I said it. He would not let me work with this wine anymore. I was so happy. Alhamdulillah. Face your fears brothers and sisters. God is with you.
  32. 24 points
    Salam alaykum all, To help the Shia community more readily access our own books' information, I made a website with the four major Shia Hadith books. The site allows you to browse, search and share Shia Hadith. Please check it out and let me know any feedback. http://www.fourshiabooks.com
  33. 24 points
    Qa'im

    Jesus In Shia Hadith

    (salam) I wanted to dedicate this thread to traditions of Jesus (as) in Shi`i literature. Of course, the most famous English work that deals with this is Jesus Through Shiite Narrations. More recently, I have been translating some of his traditions, and I wanted to share them with you all. Jesus' narrations in our literature focus on asceticism (zuhd), etiquette (akhlaq), bad scholars, intention (niyya), and sincerity towards Allah (ikhlas). Overall, Jesus' place in Shi`i Islam is an esoteric one: his mission was primarily to bring spiritual reform to the Children of Israel, who were practicing the outer aspects of their Law, but abandoned its principles. Jesus himself was called the Spirit of God (Ruhallah), and he was very much an immaterial person with his heart set on God and the Hereafter. He was called the Anointed [King] (al-Messih), but he had no castle, no soldiers, and no queen - this is because his kingdom was not of this world, but of the metaphysical world. وَإِنْ شِئْتَ قُلْتُ فِي عِيسَى بْنِ مَرْيَمَ(عليه السلام)، فَلَقَدْ كَانَ يَتَوَسَّدُ الْحَجَرَ، وَيَلْبَسُ الْخَشِنَ، و يَاْكُلُ الجَشِبَ، وَكَانَ إِدَامُهُ الْجُوعَ، وَسِرَاجُهُ بَاللَّيْلِ الْقَمَرَ، وَظِلاَلُهُ في الشِّتَاءِ مَشَارِقَ الاْرْضِ وَمَغَارِبَهَا، وَفَاكِهَتُهُ وَرَيْحَانُهُ مَا تُنْبِتُ الاْرْضُ لِلْبَهَائِمِ، وَلَمْ تَكُنْ لَهُ زَوْجَةٌ تَفْتِنُهُ، وَلاَ وَلَدٌ يَحْزُنُهُ، وَلاَ مَالٌ يَلْفِتُهُ، وَلاَ طَمَعٌ يُذِلُّهُ، دَابَّتُهُ رِجْلاَهُ، وَخَادِمُهُ يَدَاهُ! Imam `Ali b. Abi Talib said: "If you desire I will tell you about Jesus the son of Mary. He used a stone for his pillow, put on coarse clothes and ate rough food. His condiment was hunger. His lamp at night was the moon. His shade during the winter was just the expanse of earth eastward and westward. His fruits and flowers were only what grows from the earth for the cattle. He had no wife to allure him, nor any son to give grief, nor wealth to deviate [his attention], nor greed to disgrace him. His two feet were his conveyance and his two hands his servant." عدة من أصحابنا، عن أحمد بن محمد بن خالد، عن ابن فضال رفعه قال: قال الله عز وجل لعيسى (عليه السلام): يا عيسى اذكرني في نفسك أذكرك في نفسي واذكرني في ملا [ ك ] (1) أذكرك في ملاء خير من ملاء الآدميين، يا عيسى ألن لي قلبك وأكثر ذكري في الخلوات واعلم أن سروري أن تبصبص (2) إلي وكن في ذلك حيا ولا تكن ميتا. Allah said to Jesus (as), "O Jesus! Remember Me in your self, and I will remember you in My Self. Speak of Me in [your] public, and I will speak of you in [My] public, which is better than man's public. O Jesus! Soften your heart for Me, Remember Me very often in private, And know that My pleasure is in your humility before Me, Become alive in that, and do not be dead." علي بن إبراهيم، عن أبيه، عن علي بن أسباط، عن عبد الرحمن بن حماد رفعه قال: قال الله تبارك وتعالى لعيسى ابن مريم (عليه السلام): يا عيسى ليكن لسانك في السر و العلانية لسانا واحدا وكذلك قلبك، إني احذرك نفسك وكفى بي خبيرا، لا يصلح لسانان في فم واحد ولا سيفان في غمد واحد ولا قلبان في صدر واحد، وكذلك الاذهان Allah said to Jesus son of Mary [a]: "O Jesus! You must have one tongue both in private and in public - same with your heart. I warn you of your own self, and My cognizance is sufficient for you. Two tongues are not proper for one mouth, nor are two swords proper for one sheath, nor are two hearts proper for one chest, and same with the minds." قال عيسى بن مريم ( عليه السلام ) : الدينار داء الدين ، والعالم طبيب الدين ، فإذا رأيتم الطبيب يجر الداء إلى نفسه فاتهموه ، واعلموا أنه غير ناصح لغيره . Jesus the son of Mary (as) said, "Wealth is the disease of religion, and the scholar is the doctor of religion. So, if you see the doctor drawing the disease to himself, then suspect him, and know that he is not an adviser unto others." وعن عدة من أصحابنا، عن أحمد بن محمد، عن ابن فضال، عن الحسن بن الجهم، عن إبراهيم بن مهزم، عمن ذكره، عن أبي الحسن الأول (عليه السلام) قال: كان يحيى بن زكريا يبكي ولا يضحك، وكان عيسى بن مريم (عليه السلام) يضحك ويبكي وكان الذي يصنع عيسى (عليه السلام) أفضل من الذي كان يصنع يحيى (عليه السلام). Imam Musa al-Kadhim (as) said, "John b. Zakaria [the Baptist] (as) used to cry and not laugh, and Jesus the son of Mary (as) used to cry and laugh. What Jesus did is better than what John did." حسين بن محمد، عن معلى بن محمد، عن الوشاء قال: سمعت الرضا (عليه السلام) يقول: قال عيسى بن مريم (صلوات الله عليه) للحواريين: يا بني إسرائيل لا تأسوا على ما فاتكم من الدنيا كما لا يأسى (1) أهل الدنيا على ما فاتهم من دينهم إذا أصابوا دنياهم Jesus son of Mary said to the apostles, "O Children of Israel! Do not regret what you miss from this world, just as the people of this world do not regret what they miss from religion when the world befalls them." محمد بن يعقوب ، عن عليّ بن إبراهيم ، عن أبيه ، وعن عدة من أصحابنا ، عن أحمد بن محمد ، عن أبي العبّاس الكوفي جميعا ، عن عمرو بن عثمان ، عن عبدالله بن سنان ، عن أبي عبدالله ( عليه السلام ) قال : اجتمع الحواريون إلى عيسى (عليه السلام) فقالوا له: يا معلم الخير أرشدنا، فقال لهم: إن موسى كليم الله (عليه السلام) أمركم أن لا تحلفوا بالله تبارك وتعالى كاذبين وأنا آمركم أن لا تحلفوا بالله كاذبين ولا صادقين، قالوا: يا روح الله زدنا، فقال: إن موسى نبي الله (عليه السلام) أمركم أن لا تزنوا وأنا آمركم أن لا تحدثوا أنفسكم بالزنا فضلا عن أن تزنوا، فإن من حدث نفسه بالزنا كان كمن أوقد في بيت مزوق فأفسد التزاويق الدخان وإن لم يحترق البيت Jesus [a] was with his apostles, when his apostles said, "O Teacher of Goodness, guide us." ... So Jesus said, "Moses [a], the prophet of Allah, commanded you to not fornicate, whereas I command you to not have thoughts of fornication in your mind, in addition to not fornicating. For one who has thoughts of fornication in his mind is like on who kindles a fire in a decorated house. The smoke ruins the decorations, even if the house does not burn." وبهذا الإسناد، عن محمد بن خالد، عن محمد بن سنان، رفعه قال: قال عيسى ابن مريم عليه السلام: يا معشر الحواريين لي إليكم حاجة اقضوها لي، قالوا: قضيت حاجتك يا روح الله، فقام فغسل أقدامهم (1) فقالوا: كنا نحن أحق بهذا يا روح الله! فقال: إن أحق الناس بالخدمة العالم إنما تواضعت هكذا لكيما تتواضعوا بعدي في الناس كتواضعي لكم، ثم قال عيسى عليه السلام: بالتواضع تعمر الحكمة لا بالتكبر، وكذلك في السهل ينبت الزرع لا في الجبل Jesus said, “O assembly of Apostles! I have a request of you. Fulfill it for me.” They said, “Your request is fulfilled, O Spirit of God!” Then he stood up and washed their feet. They said, “It would have been more proper for us to have done this, O Spirit of God!” Jesus said, “Surely it is more fitting for a scholar to serve the people. I humbled myself only so that you may humble yourselves among the people after me, just as I humbled myself among you.” Then Jesus said, “Wisdom is developed by humility, not by pride, just as plants grow from soft soil and not from rock.” حدثنا محمد بن الحسن بن أحمد بن الوليد رضي الله عنه قال : حدثنا محمد ابن الحسن الصفار ، وسعد بن عبد الله جميعا ، عن أيوب بن نوح ، عن عبد الله بن المغيرة ، عن سعد بن أبي خلف ، عن معاوية بن عمار قال : قال أبو عبد الله عليه السلام : بقي الناس بعد عيسى بن مريم عليه السلام خمسين ومائتي سنة بلا حجة ظاهرة . Ja`far as-Sadiq عليه السلام said: After `Isa b. Maryam عليه السلام, the people remained two hundred and fifty years without an apparent Proof (hujja). حدثنا أبي رحمه الله قال : حدثنا محمد بن يحيى العطار ، عن يعقوب ابن يزيد ، عن محمد بن أبي عمير ، عن سعد بن أبي خلف ، عن يعقوب بن شعيب ، عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام قال : كان بين عيسى وبين محمد عليهما السلام خمسمائة عام منها مائتان وخمسون عاما ليس فيها نبي ولا عالم ظاهر ، قلت : فما كانوا ؟ قال : كانوا متمسكين بدين عيسى عليه السلام ، قلت : فما كانوا ؟ قال : كانوا مؤمنين ، ثم قال عليه السلام : ولا يكون الارض إلا وفيها عالم. Imam as-Sadiq said Between `Isa and Muhammad عليهما السلام there was [a period of] five hundred years, from them were two hundred and fifty years in which there was no apparent prophet or sage (`alim). I said: So how were they? He said: They were grasping the religion of `Isa عليه السلام. I said: So how were they? He said: They were believers. Then, he عليه السلام said: And the Earth does not remain except with a sage (`alim) therein. to be continued
  34. 24 points
    The Coin of al-Rida Historical accounts and reports in our books of Hadith confirm that al-Ma`mun had coins minted in the name of al-Ridha after appointing him as his crown prince. These became a collectors item among the Shia being considered portents of Tabarruk especially to be carried during a journey. The Imam would bestow this as a memento to some of the believing Shia who came to visit him. The Shia were pacified by this move of al-Ma`mun and many of them had expectations that the rule will finally revert back to its rightful place after more than a hundred years of usurpation. حدثنا محمد بن الحسن بن أحمد بن الوليد رضي الله عنه قال: حدثنا محمد بن الحسن الصفار، عن يعقوب بن يزيد، عن أيوب بن نوح قال: قلت للرضا عليه السلام: إنا لنرجو أن تكون صاحب هذا الامر وأن يرده الله عزوجل إليك من غير سيف، فقد بويع لك وضربت الدراهم باسمك، فقال: ما منا أحد اختلفت إليه الكتب، وسئل عن المسائل وأشارت إليه الاصابع، وحملت إليه الاموال إلا اغتيل أو مات على فراشه حتى يبعث الله عزوجل لهذا الامر رجلا خفي المولد والمنشأ غير خفي في نسبه [Kamal al-Diin] Muhammad b. al-Hasan b. Ahmad b. al-Walid – Muhammad b. Hasan al-Saffar – Ya`qub b. Yazid – Ayub b. Nuh who said: I said to al-Ridha عليه السلام: we hope that you are to be the man of this matter (the promised ruler from Ahl al-Bayt), and that Allah عزوجل returns it to you without fighting - for you have been given allegiance to, and the coins have been minted with your name on them. He said: there is not one of us to whom letters have been written, questions have been asked, fingers have been pointed at, and monies have been sent to, except that he will be killed or will die on his bed until Allah عزوجل will send for this matter a man of hidden birth and origin whose lineage is not unknown. طاهر بن بن عيسى، عن جعفر بن أحمد، عن عليّ بن محمّد بن شجاع، عن محمّد بن الحسين، عن معمّر بن خلاد قال: قال لي الريّان بن الصلت بمرو و كان الفضل بن سهل بعثه إلى بعض كور خراسان فقال: احبّ أن تستأذن لي على أبي الحسن عليه السّلام فاسلّم عليه و اودّعه، و أحبّ أن يكسوني من ثيابه و أن يهب لي من دراهمه الّتي ضربت باسمه ... [al-Kashshi] Tahir b. Isa – Ja`far b. Ahmad - Ali b. Muhammad b. Shuja` - Muhammad b. al-Husayn [b. Abi al-Khattab] – Muammar b. Khallad who said: al-Rayyan b. al-Salt said to me in Marw after al-Fadhl b. Sahl [Ma`mun’s vizier] had dispatched him to some of the villages in Khurasan: I would like you to seek permission on my behalf from Abi al-Hasanعليه السّلام [to allow me to meet him] so that I can greet him and bid him farewell. I would also like it if he could give me a piece of clothing from among his clothes and gift me a few of his silver coins that were minted in his name … أخبرني محمد بن يونس الأنباري قال حدثني أبي: أن إبراهيم بن العباس الصولي دخل على الرضا لما عقد له المأمون وولاه العهد، فأنشده قوله: أزالت عزاء القلب بعد التجلد ... مصارع أولاد النبي محمد (صلى الله عليه وسلم) فوهب له عشرة آلاف درهم من الدراهم التي ضربت باسمه، فلم تزل عند إبراهيم، وجعل منها مهور نسائه، وخلف بعضها لكفنه وجهازه إلى قبره [al-Aghani] Muhammad b. Yunus al-Anbari – his father who said: The poet Ibrahim b. al-Abbas al-Suli came in to see al-Rida when he was appointed by al-Ma`mun and made the crown prince and recited the following verse: The grief of the heart has receded after enduring … the repression against the sons of Muhammad Al-Rida gifted him ten thousand silver coins which were minted in his name, Ibrahim held on to them and used them as dowry for marrying his wives and left some of them behind to purchase his shrowd and for the carrying of his body [to the grave]. The wonderful thing is that archaeologists and scholars of numismatics have discovered a few pieces of this coin which is considered a rarefied item. Below is an image of the coin: General Information Period: The Abbasid Caliphate, 132-218 H/750-833 AD, Ruler: Abu Ja‘far ‘Abd Allah al-Ma’mun ibn al-Rashid, (194-218 H/810-833 AD) Place of Mint: Samarqand in Central Asia (present-day Uzbekistan) Date: 202 H (817-818 AD) Metal and denomination: Silver dirham Weight and measurement: 2.87 g / Ø 25.5 mm Legend and Design OBVERSE Field la ilah illa / Allah wahdahu / la sharik lahu / al-mashriq “no god but God, unique, He has no associate, East Inner margin bism Allah duriba hadha’l-dirham bi-samarqand sana ithnatayn wa mi‘atayn “in the name of God this dirham was struck in Samarqand the year two and two hundred” Outer margin muhammad rasul Allah arsalahu bi’l-huda wa din al-haqq li-yuzhirahu ‘ala al-din kullihi “Muhammad is the messenger of God who sent him with guidance and the religion of truth that he might make it supreme over all other religions” Sura 9 (al-Tawba), v. 33 (in part) REVERSE Field lillah / muhammad rasul Allah / al-ma’mun khalifat Allah / mimma amara bihi al-amir al-rida / wali ‘ahd al-muslimin ‘ali ibn musa / ibn ‘ali ibn abi talib / dhu’l-riyasatayn “for God, Muhammad is the messenger of God, al-Ma’mun is the Caliph of God, among the things ordered by the Prince al-Rida, Recipient of the Oath of the Muslims ‘Ali ibn Musa ibn ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib, Possesser of the Two Headships” Margin muhammad rasul Allah arsalahu bi’l-huda wa din al-haqq li-yuzhirahu ‘ala al-din kullihi wa law kariha al-mushrikun “Muhammad is the messenger of God who sent him with guidance and the religion of truth that he might make it supreme over all other religions, even though the polytheists may detest it” Sura 9 (al-Tawba), v. 33
  35. 24 points
    In this thread i will post a collections of Hadith from the book “Combat with The Self” (Jihad al-nafs) by Muhammad n. al-Hasan al-Hurr al-‘Amili. Ayatollah Bahjat adviced the youths ‘to read and practice one hadith daily from the Chapter of Jihad al-nafs in Wasail al-Shi’a of Shaykh Hurr al-Amili. Chapter 1: The Divine Obligation to Combat the Self Imam Ja'far al-Sadiq [a] said that the Holy Prophet [saws] dispatched his soldiers to battle to fight the enemy and, upon their triumphant return, said; “Greetings on those who have successfully carried out the "Minor Combat" (jihad al-asghar), but have yet to engage themselves in the "Greater Combat".” He was asked: “O Prophet of Allah [sWT]! What is the "Greater Combat"? ” to which he replied: “Combat with the self ”. al-Kafi v.2, p. 12, no. 3., Similar Amali al-Saduq p. 377, no. 8; Ma’ni al-Akhbar, p.160, no.1 Imam Ja'far al-Sadiq [a] said: "Take responsibility for your self, for if you do not, nobody else will." al-Kafi v.2, p. 12, no. 3. Imam Ja'far al-Sadiq [a] said to a man : “Indeed you have been made the doctor of your self, the ailment has been made manifest to you, you know the marvel of health and have been shown the cure, and yet look at how you treat your soul!” al-Kafi v. 2, p. 329, no.6 Imam Ja'far al-Sadiq [a] addressed a man, saying: “Consider your heart to be a kind friend and a dutiful son, and your knowledge a father whom you can follow, and your self (nafs) an enemy that you fight and your wealth a destitute woman whom you would repel.” al-Kafi v. 2, p. 329, no.7; al-Faqih, v.4, p.294, no.889 Imam Ja'far al-Sadiq [a] said: “He who does not have a preaching heart, a reproaching self and a guiding friend will be easily overcome his enemy.” al-Faqih, v.4, p.287, no.862 Imam Ja'far al-Sadiq [a] narrated on the authority of the Imams before him, that the Holy Prophet [saws], in his advice to Imam ‘Ali [a], said: “O ‘Ali, the best thing about self-struggle is when a person wakes up with no desire to wrong anyone.” al-Faqih, v.4, p.254, no.821 Imam Ja'far al-Sadiq [a] said : “He who has complete control over himself (nafs), when he desires something as well as when he fears something, when he is angry as well as when he is pleased, Allah [sWT] prohibits the Fire of Hell from touching his body.” al-Faqih, v.4, p.286, no.856, Thawab al-A’mal, p. 192, no. 1. Imam ‘Ali Amir al-Mu’minin [a] said: “The warrior is the one who combats his inner self.” Al-Majazat al-Nabawiyyah, p. 201, no. 157
  36. 24 points
    Who is Hussain? I will tell you who he's not. He's not Mahatma Ghandi, he's not Nelson Mandela, he's not Malcolm X. Husayn is Husayn, and I feel that we are misunderstanding the purpose and the meaning of his sacrifice. There are many good, noble people in our history who rose up to fight for rights - Zayd and Nafs az-Zakiyya would be prime examples - but Imam al-Husayn did not stand up to fight for human rights. He did not even fight to gain the Caliphate. The hadiths make clear that Husayn knew exactly what would happen: he and his loved ones were going to die. Allah even gave him the option on the battlefield, saying, I will destroy your enemies if you so choose. However, Husayn chose to meet Allah instead. Had the fight been about human rights, then Husayn would've chosen to destroy his enemies and establish his government. But, he knew that sacrifice was his calling. Had he been fighting for rights, then it begs the question: what differentiates Husayn from Zayd if they were both martyrs of the exact same circumstance? What makes the death of Husayn so pivotal when those better than him were also martyred? Modern society has been separated from the anthropology of sacrifice. Those who understand the symbols of sacrifice will better understand the meaning of Husayn's movement. We're living in a time where Husayn's movement has become "everyday" and "everywhere" while the classical Shi`a truthfully said that "no day is like your day". The difference between the two is that the former demotes Husayn's sacrifice to everyday struggle, while the latter emphasizes the magnitude of the day. Our job as Muslims is to properly analyze and understand what happened and why it happened, which requires a thorough investigation of the hadith literature on this topic. The sacrifice starts with Isma`il. The Quran says regarding Ibrahim, "And we have ransomed him with a great sacrifice” (37:107) The Ahlul Bayt confirm that it was indeed Isma`il that was chosen for sacrifice, and that he was replaced with a ram. But one authentic narration by Imam ar-Rida [a] identifies that the real sacrifice here was Husayn, who replaced Isma`il and Ibrahim lamented over this. Husayn was dearer to Ibrahim than his own son was, because Husayn would be the grandson of the greatest Messenger and the Master of the Youth of Paradise. After passing this test, Allah made Ibrahim an Imam, and gave the divine covenant to him and his family. This link between sacrifice and covenant is an important one. Allah then reveals to the prophet Jeremiah (46:10) that He will make a blood sacrifice by the river Euphrates. Notice the terminology - this is not Protestant reformation, a French revolution or a Zaydi uprising. This is the Lord offering a sacrifice. Furthermore, the Prophet calls himself the son of the two offerings, because both his father Abdullah and his forefather Isma`il had survived their respective sacrificial moments. The Prophet's position as a descendant of two offerings boosts his status as a prophet and a recipient of the divine covenant. The Hajj itself is a ritual centred around sacrifice. It recounts the story of Ibrahim and Isma`il everywhere. Pilgrims shave their heads, which is an important symbol of sacrifice. To shave your head for someone is to pledge allegiance to that person - you are giving them your head and your neck. When the Prophet took the bay`a of his companions at the Tree of Ridwan, the companions needed to shave their heads to complete the bay`a. Likewise, after the death of the Prophet, Imam Ali asked the companions to shave their heads to express their loyalty to him, but very few did so. The Hajj ends with the sacrifice of life of an animal. That sacrifice is a symbol of one's own sacrifice to Allah, after which the pilgrim is born anew and sinless. Even the salat has sacrificial symbology in ruku`. Imam `Ali in `Ilal ash-Shara'i` says that the ruku` is gesture where one offers his neck to Allah, saying, "O Allah, I believe in Your Oneness even if my neck is struck." Now let's go to Husayn. Sacrificial animals are marked at birth. Likewise, in one hadith, the Imam was marked for sacrifice the day Sayyida Fatima gave birth to him. In return, the Prophet says, Allah will make the Imams from his progeny. Again, we see the relationship between sacrifice and covenant: even though Imam al-Hasan was of a higher status, the Imams would come from Husayn's progeny due to his sacrifice. The colour red is also associated with blood sacrifice, and the Prophet receives red mud from Karbala to symbolize the inevitable killing of Husayn. Other narrations describe Imam al-Husayn with a red cloak. In Judaism, a red ribbon was tied around a ram for sacrifice on Yom Kippur. The Imams constantly compared the death of Husayn to that of a ram, because the two are voluntary sacrifices to God by beheading. Sacrifices are often performed by initiates of an order. Likewise, Husayn was beheaded by Shimr, who had previously been a Shi`i who fought alongside Imam `Ali. Husayn was killed on the 10th day of the first month of the year, just as the Jewish Passover sacrifice is selected on the 10th day of the first month of the Jewish year. Husayn journeyed to Karbala by cutting his own Hajj short. He left the Hijaz before performing the ritual sacrifice of Hajj. Perhaps he would become that sacrifice himself? He left the holy land and was sacrificed in Karbala, another holy and consecrated land. The narrations say that the best observance of the Day of `Arafat is in Karbala. From these clues and many others, it is clear to me that Husayn is the true lamb of God, who sacrificed himself on behalf of his Shi`a to receive the covenant and blessing of God. Husayn was the one volunteered to give his head so that the world may have Imams. Our crying, mourning, and visitation is an act of association of Husayn so that we may be recipients of the fruit of his sacrifice. Karbala would become the connection between the celestial world and this one. The early Shi`a of Iraq certainly understood these symbols, because they were coming from cultures and religions where the anthropology of sacrifice were well known. Our world is far removed from this anthropology, and so our connection to Husayn has been through social justice. The problem is that this is purely a horizontal understanding of Karbala, and not a theologically vertical one. It is not as consistent with the sources, and it makes the Imam into a political reformer rather than the Great Sacrifice. Both Imam ar-Rida and Imam al-Mahdi did takfeer of those who denied that Husayn had died. There were some who believed that Husayn was raised up the same way Jesus was raised up. However, this would constitute kufr, because Husayn's sacrifice was the very foundation of the Abrahamic and Muhammadan covenants. Remember that many of our major narrators come from these Judaeo-Christian backgrounds: Zurara, `Ali b. Mahzayar, Yunus b. `Abd ar-Rahman, Abdullah b. Ja`far al-Himyari, al-Bazanti, `Ali b. Asbat, most of the Ansar (Abu Sa`eed al-Khudri, Jabir b. Abdullah, etc.) 2 of the martyrs of Karbala: John and Abu Wahab al-Kalbi, were Christians. There were things these people recognized in Husayn and in Shiism that we have unfortunately lost. And Allah knows best. -- Some resources on this topic: 94 - في عيون الأخبار حدثنا عبد الواحد بن محمد بن عبدوس النيشابوري العطار بنيشابور في شعبان سنة اثنين وخمسين وثلاثمأة، قال: حدثنا محمد بن علي ابن قتيبة النيشابوري عن الفضل بن شاذان قال: سمعت الرضا عليه السلام يقول: لما أمر الله تعالى إبراهيم عليه السلام ان يذبح مكان ابنه إسماعيل الكبش الذي أنزل عليه، تمنى إبراهيم عليه السلام أن يكون قد ذبح ابنه إسماعيل بيده وأنه لم يؤمر بذبح الكبش مكانه ليرجع إلى قلبه ما يرجع إلى قلب الوالد الذي يذبح أعز ولده بيده فيستحق بذلك أرفع درجات أهل الثواب على المصائب، فأوحى الله عز وجل إليه: يا إبراهيم من أحب خلقي إليك؟قال: يا رب ما خلقت خلقا هو أحب إلى من حبيبك محمد صلى الله عليه وآله، فأوحى الله عز وجل: يا إبراهيم هو أحب إليك أو نفسك؟قال: بل هو أحب إلى من نفسي، قال: فولده أحب إليك أو ولدك؟قال: بل ولده، قال: فذبح ولده ظلما على يدي أعدائه أوجع لقلبك أو ذبح ولدك بيدك في طاعتي؟قال: يا رب بل ذبحه على أيدي أعدائه أوجع لقلبي قال: يا إبراهيم ان طايفة تزعم أنها من أمة محمد صلى الله عليه وآله ستقتل الحسين عليه السلام ابنه من بعده ظلما وعدوانا كما يذبح الكبش، ويستوجبون بذلك سخطي، فجزع إبراهيم عليه السلام لذلك فتوجع قلبه وأقبل يبكى، فأوحى الله تعالى إليه: يا إبراهيم قد فديت جزعك على ابنك إسماعيل لو ذبحته بيدك بجزعك على الحسين وقتله، وأوجبت لك أرفع درجات أهل الثواب على المصائب، وذلك قول الله عز وجل وفديناه بذبح عظيم ولا حول ولا قوة الا بالله العلي العظيم. “When Allah ordered Abraham [a] to slaughter the ram that was brought to him in the place of Ishmael, Abraham [a] had hoped to have slaughtered Ishmael by his hand rather than being ordered to slaughter the ram in his place. This was so that he may regain the feeling in his heart that a father’s heart feels when he slaughters the dearest of his sons by his hand. He wanted to attain the highest of levels from the people of good deeds upon this calamity. So Allah revealed to him, “O Abraham, who is the most beloved of My creation to you?” Abraham said, “O Lord, you have not created a creation who is more beloved to me than your beloved Muhammad .” So Allahrevealed, “O Abraham, is he more beloved to you, or yourself?” Abraham said, “Of course, he is more beloved to me than my own self.” Allah said, “So is his son more beloved to you, or your son?” Abraham said, “His son, of course.” Allah said, “So [what is more painful to your heart:] his son being slaughtered oppressively upon the hands of his enemies, or the slaughtering of your son by your hand in obedience to me?” Abraham said, “O Lord, his slaughter upon the hands of his enemies is more painful to my heart.” Allah said, “O Abraham, a faction that alleges that it is from the Nation of Muhammad will kill his son al-Husayn [a] after him oppressively and with aggression, just as a ram is slaughtered. And by that, my wrath upon them will become obligatory.” So Abraham lamented over that. His heart was pained by that, and he began to weep. So Allah revealed to him, “O Abraham, I have ransomed your lamentation upon the slaughtering of your son Ishmael with your lamentation upon Husayn And so the highest of levels from the people of good deeds has become obligatory for you for this calamity." And that is the saying of Allah, “And we have ransomed him with a great sacrifice” (37:107), and there is no power nor ability except by Allah, the High and the Great." يا بن شبيب، إن كنت باكيا لشئ، فابك للحسين بن علي بن أبي طالب (عليه السلام)، فإنه ذبح كما يذبح الكبش Imam ar-Rida said: If you were to cry over anything, then cry over Husayn b. `Ali b. Abi Talib عليه السلام, for he was slaughtered like the ram is slaughtered. حدثنا محمد بن موسى بن المتوكل رضي الله عنه قال : حدثنا عبد الله بن جعفرالحميري قال : حدثنا أحمد بن محمد بن عيسى قال : حدثنا الحسن بن محبوب ، عن علي بن رئاب قال : قال أبو عبد الله عليه السلام : لما أن حملت ( 2 ) فاطمة عليها السلام بالحسين عليه السلام قال لها رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله : إن الله عز وجل قد وهب لك غلاما اسمه الحسين ، تقتله أمتي ، قالت : فلا حاجة لي فيه ، فقال : إن الله عز وجل قد وعدني فيه عدة ، قالت : وما وعدك ؟ قال : وعدني أن يجعل الإمامة من بعده في ولده ، فقالت : رضيت . Imam as-Sadiq said: When Fatima عليها السلام became pregnant with al-Husayn عليه السلام, the Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وآله said to her: Allah عز وجل has gifted a male to you whose name is al-Husayn. He will be killed by my Umma. She said: I do not need it. He said: Allah عز وجل has made a promise to me regarding him. She said: And what did He promise you? He said: He promised me that He will cause the Imamate after me to come from his loins. So she said: I am pleased. عدة من أصحابنا، عن أحمد بن محمد، عن علي بن الحكم، عن سيف بن عميرة، عن عبد الملك بن أعين، عن أبي جعفر عليه السلام قال: أنزل الله تعالى النصر على الحسين عليه السلام حتى كان [ ما ] بين السماء والارض ثم خير: النصر، أو لقاء الله، فاختار لقاء الله تعالى. Imam al-Baqir said: Allah تعالى sent support for al-Husayn عليه السلام until it filled that which was between the heaven and the Earth. Then he was left to choose: victory, or meetingAllah. So he chose to meet with Allah تعالى. محمد بن يحيى، عن أحمد بن محمد، عن ابن محبوب، عن ابن رئاب، عن ضريس الكناسي قال: سمعت أبا جعفر عليه السلام يقول - وعنده اناس من أصحابه -: عجبت من قوم يتولونا ويجعلونا أئمة ويصفون أن طاعتنا مفترضة عليهم كطاعة رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله ثم يكسرون حجتهم ويخصمون أنفسهم بضعف قلوبهم، فينقصونا حقنا ويعيبون ذلك على من أعطاه الله برهان حق معرفتنا والتسليم لامرنا، أترون أن الله تبارك وتعالى افترض طاعة أوليائه على عباده، ثم يخفي عنهم أخبار السماوات والارض ويقطع عنهم مواد العلم فيما يرد عليهم مما فيه قوام دينهم؟! فقال له حمران: جعلت فداك أرأيت ما كان من أمر قيام علي بن أبي طالب والحسن والحسين عليهم السلام وخروجهم وقيامهم بدين الله عز ذكره، وما اصيبوا من قتل الطواغيت إياهم والظفر بهم حتى قتلوا وغلبوا؟ فقال أبو جعفر عليه السلام: يا حمران إن الله تبارك وتعالى قد كان قدر ذلك عليهم وقضاه وأمضاه وحتمه على سبيل الاختيار ثم أجراه فبتقدم علم إليهم من رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله قام علي والحسن والحسين عليهم السلام، وبعلم صمت من صمت منا، ولو أنهم يا حمران حيث نزل بهم ما نزل بهم ما نزل من أمر الله عز وجل وإظهار الطواغيت عليهم سألوا الله عزوجل أن يدفع عنهم ذلك وألحوا عليه في طلب إزالة ملك الطواغيت وذهاب ملكهم إذا لاجابهم ودفع ذلك عنهم، ثم كان انقضاء مدة الطواغيت وذهاب ملكهم أسرع من سلك منظوم انقطع فتبدد، وما كان ذلك الذي أصابهم يا حمران لذنب اقترفوه ولا لعقوبة معصية خالفوا الله فيها ولكن لمنازل وكرامة من الله، أراد أن يبلغوها، فلا تذهبن بك المذاهب فيهم. A man said to Imam al-Baqir [a], "May I be your sacrifice! Have you deliberated regarding what occurred from the rising of `Ali b. Abi Talib, al-Hasan, and al-Husayn? They came out and rose up for the religion of Allah; how much they suffered from their deaths at the hands of the tyrants – they were defeated, murdered and overpowered." So Abu Ja`far al-Baqir [a] said: "Allah had destined that for them; decreed it, approved it, and necessitated it – it was beyond choice. It thus occurred and the knowledge of it had come to them from the Messenger of Allah. `Ali, al-Hasan, and al-Husayn rose whilst knowing [the consequences]. By its knowledge, there were those of us who remained silent. Had they, whilst facing what Allah made them face and suffer defeat at the hands of the tyrants, asked Allah to remove their suffering and implored Him to destroy the kingdom of the tyrants, He would have answered their prayers and granted it for them – then, the decree would have removed the tyrants and their kingdom would end faster than the dispersal of threaded beads under pressure. That which they endured was not because of a sin they committed or a punishment for opposing Allah, rather, it was a deliverance and a bounty from Allah, who wished for them to attain it. Do not allow them (i.e. the people) to take you away from the [correct] path." -- "But that day belongs to the Lord, the LORD Almighty-- a day of vengeance, for vengeance on his foes. The sword will devour till it is satisfied, till it has quenched its thirst with blood. For the Lord, the LORD Almighty, will offer sacrifice in the land of the north by the River Euphrates." (Jeremiah 46:10) تأويله آمنت بوحدانيتك ، و لو ضربت عنقي Imam `Ali said, regarding the ruku`, "Its meaning is: I have believed in Your Oneness, even if my neck is struck." عن أبي جعفر عليه السلام «قال : أيّما مؤمنٍ دَمَعَتْ عيناه لِقَتلِ الحسين عليه السلام دَمْعَةً حتّى تَسيل على خَدِّه بَوَّأه الله بها غُرفاً في الجنّة يَسكنها أحقاباً. Imam al-Baqir said: Any believer whose eyes shed tears for the murder of al-Husayn Úáíå ÇáÓáÇã till they roll (down) his cheek, Allah will make him dwell in rooms of Paradise where he will there for long ages. يا بن رسول الله وفيهم قوم يزعمون أن الحسين بن علي عليهما السلام لم يقتل وانه ألقى شبهه على حنظلة بن أسعد الشامي، وانع رفع إلى السماء كما رفع عيسى بن مريم عليه السلام ويحتجون بهذه الآية. ولن يجعل الله للكافرين على المؤمنين سبيلا فقال: كذبوا عليهم غضب الله ولعنته وكفروا بتكذيبهم لنبي الله صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم في اخباره بان الحسين عليه السلام سيقتل، والله لقد قتل الحسين وقتل من كان خيرا من الحسين أمير المؤمنين والحسن بن علي عليهم السلام، وما منا الا مقتول، وانى والله لمقتول بالسم باغتيال من يغتالني أعرف ذلك بعهد معهود إلى من رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم أخبره به جبرئيل عليه السلام عن رب العالمين عز وجل، واما قوله عز وجل: (ولن يجعل الله للكافرين على المؤمنين سبيلا) فإنه يقول: لن يجعل الله لهم على أنبيائه عليهم السلام سبيلا من طريق الحجة. A man said to Imam ar-Rida [a], "O son of the Messenger of Allah! There is a community that claims that al-Husayn b. `Ali [a] was not killed, but rather, his likeness was placed upon Hanthala b. As`ad ash-Shami, and that he was raised to the heavens just as Jesus the son of Mary [a] was raised. And they use this verse to support it, 'and never will Allah give the disbelievers a way over the believers' (4:141)" The Imam replied, "They have lied. The anger and the curse of Allah is upon them. They have disbelieved because they have belied the Prophet's saying that al-Husayn [a] will be killed. By Allah, al-Husayn was killed, just as those better than al-Husayn were killed, such as the Commander of the Faithful and al-Hasan b. `Ali. There is not one from us except that he is killed. I, by Allah, will be killed with poison by the assassins of he who will assassinate me. I know this because of a covenant entrusted to me from the Messenger of Allah . He was informed of it by Gabriel [a] from the Lord of the Worlds. As for His saying, 'and never will Allah give the disbelievers a way over the believers' (4:141), He is saying: Allah will not give them a way over His prophets [a] from the path of the Proof." 18- محمد بن إسماعيل، قال حدثني الفضل بن شاذان، عن ابن أبي عمير، عن وهيب بن حفص، عن أبي بصير، عن أبي جعفر (عليه السلام) قال : جاء المهاجرون و الأنصار و غيرهم بعد ذلك إلى علي (عليه السلام) فقالوا له أنت و الله أمير المؤمنين و أنت و الله أحق الناس و أولاهم بالنبي (عليه السلام) هلم يدك نبايعك فو الله لنموتن قدامك فقال علي (عليه السلام) إن كنتم صادقين فاغدوا غدا على محلقين فحلق علي (عليه السلام) و حلق سلمان و حلق مقداد و حلق أبو ذر و لم يحلق غيرهم ثم انصرفوا فجاءوا مرة أخرى بعد ذلك، فقالوا له أنت و الله أمير المؤمنين و أنت أحق الناس و أولاهم بالنبي (عليه السلام) هلم يدك نبايعك و حلفوا فقال إن كنتم صادقين فاغدوا على محلقين فما حلق إلا هؤلاء الثلاثة. قلت فما كان فيهم عمار فقال لا. قلت فعمار من أهل الردة فقال إن عمارا قد قاتل مع علي عليه السلام بعد. Imam al-Baqir said: The Muhajirun and the Ansar, and others after that, came to `Ali عليه السلام. So they said to him: You, by Allah, are Amir al-Mu’mineen and you, by Allah, are the most rightful of the people and the closest to the Prophet عليه السلام. Give us your hand that we might pledge allegiance to you, for by Allah we will certainly die in front of you. So `Ali عليه السلام said: If you are truthful, then come to me in the morning with shaven (heads). So `Ali عليه السلام Then they departed and they came another time after that. So they said to him: You, by Allah, are Amir al-Mu’minen, and you are the most rightful of the people and closest to the Prophet عليه السلام. Give us your hand that we might pledge allegiance to you and take an oath. So he said: If you are truthful then come to me tomorrow morning with shaven (heads). So none but these three shaved. shaved and Salman shaved and Miqdad shaved and Abu Dharr shaved, but no one else other than them shaved. 1 - حَدَّثَنا أَحْمَدِ بْنِ الحُسَيْن القَطَّانُ قالَ أَخْبَرنا أَحْمَدِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سَعِيدُ الكُوفِي قالَ‏عَلِيِّ بن الحُسَيْنِ بْنِ عَلِىِّ بْنِ الفَضّال، عَنْ أَبيهِ قالَ سَأَلْت أَبَاالحَسَن عَلِىِّ بْنِ مُوسَى الرِّضا عَلَيْهِ السَّلامُ، عَن مَعْنى‏ قول النَّبِي صلي اللَّه وَآلِهِ أَنَا ابْنُ الذّبيحين قَالَ يَعْنِي إِسْمَاعِيلَ بْنَ إِبْرَاهِيمَ الْخَلِيلِ‏ عَلَيْهِ السَّلامُ وَعَبْدَ اللَّهِ بْنَ عَبْدِ الْمُطَّلِبِ أَمَّا إِسْمَاعِيلُ فَهُوَ الْغُلامُ الْحَلِيمُ الَّذِي بَشَّرَ اللَّهُ تَعَالَى بِهِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ‏ عَلَيْهِ السَّلامُ فَلَمَّا بَلَغَ مَعَهُ السَّعْيَ وَهُوَ لَمَّا عَمِلَ مِثْلَ عَمَلِهِ قالَ يا بُنَيَّ إِنِّي أَرى‏ فِي الْمَنامِ أَنِّي أَذْبَحُكَ فَانْظُرْ ماذا تَرى.‏ قالَ يا أَبَتِ افْعَلْ ما تُؤْمَرُ وَلَمْ يَقُلْ لَهُ: يَا أَبَتِ افْعَلْ مَا رَأَيْتَ سَتَجِدُنِي إِنْ شاءَ اللَّهُ مِنَ الصَّابِرِينَ فَلَمَّا عَزَمَ عَلَى ذَبْحِهِ فَدَاهُ اللَّهُ تَعَالَى بِذِبْحٍ عَظِيمٍ بِكَبْشٍ أَمْلَحَ يَأْكُلُ فِي سَوَادٍ وَيَشْرَبُ فِي سَوَادٍ وَيَنْظُرُ فِي سَوَادٍ وَيَمْشِي فِي سَوَادٍ وَيَبُولُ وَيَبْعَرُ فِي سَوَادٍ وَكَانَ يَرْتَعُ قَبْلَ ذَلِكَ فِي رِيَاضِ الْجَنَّةِ أَرْبَعِينَ عَاماً وَمَا خَرَجَ مِنْ رَحِمِ أُنْثَى وَإِنَّمَا قَالَ اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ لَهُ كُنْ فَكَانَ لِيَفْدِيَ بِهِ إِسْمَاعِيلَ. فَكُلُّ مَا يُذْبَحُ بِمِنًى فَهُوَ فِدْيَةٌ لاسْمَاعِيلَ إِلَى يَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ فَهَذَا أَحَدُ الذَّبِيحَيْنِ وَأَمَّا الآْخَرُ فَإِنَّ عَبْدَ الْمُطَّلِبِ كَانَ تَعَلَّقَ بِحَلْقَةِ بَابِ الْكَعْبَةِ وَدَعَا اللَّهَ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ أَنْ يَرْزُقَهُ عَشَرَةَ بَنِينَ وَنَذَرَ لِلَّهِ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ أَنْ يَذْبَحَ وَاحِداً مِنْهُمْ مَتَى أَجَابَ اللَّهُ دَعْوَتَهُ فَلَمَّا بَلَغُوا عَشَرَةً قَالَ قَدْ وَفَى اللَّهُ تَعَالَى لِي فَلافِيَنَّ لِلَّهِ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ فَأَدْخَلَ وُلْدَهُ الْكَعْبَةَ وَأَسْهَمَ بَيْنَهُمْ فَخَرَجَ سَهْمُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ أَبِي رَسُولِ اللَّهِ‏ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِهِ وَكَانَ أَحَبَّ وُلْدِهِ إِلَيْهِ ثُمَّ أَجَالَهَا ثَانِيَةً فَخَرَجَ سَهْمُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ثُمَّ أَجَالَهَا ثَالِثَةً فَخَرَجَ سَهْمُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ فَأَخَذَهُ وَحَبَسَهُ وَعَزَمَ عَلَى ذَبْحِهِ فَاجْتَمَعَتْ قُرَيْشٌ وَمَنَعَتْهُ مِنْ ذَلِكَ وَاجْتَمَعَ نِسَاءُ عَبْدِ الْمُطَّلِبِ يَبْكِينَ وَيَصِحْنَ فَقَالَتْ لَهُ ابْنَتُهُ عَاتِكَةُ يَا أَبَتَاهْ أَعْذِرْ فِيَما بَيْنَكَ وَبَيْنَ اللَّهِ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ فِي قَتْلِ ابْنِكَ قَالَ وَكَيْفَ أُعْذِرُ يَا بُنَيَّةُ فَإِنَّكِ مُبَارَكَةٌ قَالَتْ اعْمِدْ عَلَى تِلْكَ السَّوَائِمِ الَّتِي لَكَ فِي الْحَرَمِ فَاضْرِبْ بِالْقِدَاحِ عَلَى ابْنِكَ وَعَلَى الإِبِلِ وَأَعْطِ رَبَّكَ حَتَّى يَرْضَى فَبَعَثَ عَبْدُ الْمُطَّلِبِ إِلَى إِبِلِهِ فَأَحْضَرَهَا وَعَزَلَ مِنْهَا عَشْراً وَضَرَبَ بِالسِّهَامِ فَخَرَجَ سَهْمُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ فَمَا زَالَ يَزِيدُ عَشْراً عَشْراً حَتَّى بَلَغَتْ مِائَةً فَضَرَبَ فَخَرَجَ السَّهْمُ عَلَى الإِبِلِ فَكَبَّرَتْ قُرَيْشٌ تَكْبِيرَةً ارْتَجَّتْ لَهَا جِبَالُ تِهَامَةَ فَقَالَ عَبْدُ الْمُطَّلِبِ لا حَتَّى أَضْرِبَ بِالْقِدَاحِ ثَلاثَ مَرَّاتٍ فَضَرَبَ ثَلاثاً كُلَّ ذَلِكَ يَخْرُجُ السَّهْمُ عَلَى الإِبِلِ فَلَمَّا كَانَ فِي الثَّالِثَةِ اجْتَذَبَهُ الزُّبَيْرُ وَأَبُو طَالِبٍ وَأَخَوَاتُهُمَا مِنْ تَحْتِ رِجْلَيْهِ فَحَمَلُوهُ وَقَدِ انْسَلَخَتْ جَلْدَةُ خَدِّهِ الَّذِي كَانَ عَلَى الأَرْضِ وَأَقْبَلُوا يَرْفَعُونَهُ وَيُقَبِّلُونَهُ وَيَمْسَحُونَ عَنْهُ التُّرَابَ وَأَمَرَ عَبْدُ الْمُطَّلِبِ أَنْ تُنْحَرَ الإِبِلُ بِالْحَزْوَرَةِ وَلا يُمْنَعَ أَحَدٌ مِنْهَا وَكَانَتْ مِائَةً فَكَانَتْ لِعَبْدِ الْمُطَّلِبِ خَمْسٌ مِنَ السُّنَنِ أَجْرَاهَا اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ فِي الإِسْلامِ: (1) حَرَّمَ نِسَاءَ الآْبَاءِ عَلَى الأَبْنَاءِ، (2) وَسَنَّ الدِّيَةَ فِي الْقَتْـلِ مِـائَةً مِنَ الإِبِـلِ، (3) وَكَانَ يَطُوفُ بِالْبَيْتِ سَبْعَةَ أَشْوَاطٍ، (4) وَوَجَدَ كَنْزاً فَأَخْرَجَ مِنْهُ الْخُمُسَ، (5) وَسَمَّى زَمْزَمَ حِينَ حَفَرَهَا سِقَايَةَ الْحَاجِّ. وَلَوْ لا أَنَّ عَبْدَ الْمُطَّلِبِ كَانَ حُجَّةً وَأَنَّ عَزْمَهُ عَلَى ذَبْحِ ابْنِهِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ شَبِيهٌ بِعَزْمِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ‏ عَلَيْهِ السَّلامُ عَلَى ذَبْحِ ابْنِهِ إِسْمَاعِيلَ لَمَا افْتَخَرَ النَّبِيُّ صَلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِهِ بِالانْتِسَابِ إِلَيْهِمَا لاجْل أَنَّهُمَا الذَّبِيحَانِ فِي قَوْلِهِ‏ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِهِ أَنَا ابْنُ الذَّبِيحَيْنِ وَالْعِلَّةُ الَّتِي مِنْ أَجْلِهَا دَفَعَ اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ الذَّبْحَ، عَن إِسْمَاعِيلَ هِيَ الْعِلَّةُ الَّتِي مِنْ أَجْلِهَا دَفَعَ الذَّبْحَ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ وَهِيَ كَوْنُ النَّبِيِّ وَالأَئِمَّةِ عَلَيْهِمُ السَّلاَمُ فِي صُلْبَيْهِمَا فَبِبَرَكَةِ النَّبِيِّ وَالأَئِمَّةِ عَلَيْهِمُ السَّلاَمُ دَفَعَ اللَّهُ الذَّبْحَ عَنْهُمَا فَلَمْ تَجْرِ السُّنَّةُ فِي النَّاسِ بِقَتْلِ أَوْلادِهِمْ وَلَوْ لا ذَلِكَ لَوَجَبَ عَلَى النَّاسِ كُلَّ أَضْحًى التَّقَرُّبُ إِلَى اللَّهِ تَعَالَى ذِكْرُهُ بِقَتْلِ أَوْلادِهِمْ كُلُّ مَا يَتَقَرَّبُ النَّاسُ بِهِ إِلَى اللَّهِ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ مِنْ أُضْحِيَّةٍ فَهُوَفِدَاءٌ لاسْمَاعِيلَ إِلَى يَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ. “I asked Abul Hassan Ali ibn Musa Al-Reza (s) about the meaning of the statement made by the Prophet (s), ‘I am the son of the two offerings.’ Imam Al-Reza (s) said, ‘That means that the Prophet (s) was the descendant of both Ishmael, the son of Abraham - the friend of God (s) and Abdullah - the son of Abdul Muttalib. Ishmael was the patient son that God gave the glad tidings of his birth to Abraham (s). Then when (the son) reached (the age of) (serious) work with him, he said, ‘O my son! I see in a vision that I offer thee in sacrifice. Now see what is thy view!’ (The son) said, ‘O my father! Do as thou art commanded. Thou will find me, God willing , one practicing Patience and Constancy!’ When he decided to offer him as sacrifice, God replaced him with a chubby black and white sheep. This sheep had been raised in a fresh green area, and had grazed in the Gardens of Heaven for forty years. It had no mother. Rather the Honorable the Exalted God said to it be and it was created so as to be substituted for Ishmael, ‘We but say the word, ‘Be’, and it is.’ Whatever is sacrificed in Mina until the Resurrection Day will be sacrificed on behalf of Ishmael. This is one of the offerings. Now let us consider the second one. Abdul Muttalib grabbed the doorknob of the Kaaba and prayed to God to be granted ten sons. He bet with the Almighty God that he would offer one of them for sacrifice if his prayer was accepted. When the number of his sons became ten, he took them all inside the Kaaba and drew lots for their names. The lot fell to Abdillah's name - the father of the Prophet Muhammad (s) - whom he loved the most. He drew lots again, and it fell to Abdillah's name. He drew lots for the third time. Again the lots fell to Abdillah's name. Then he took him, imprisoned him and decided to offer him for sacrifice. All of the people of the Quraysh tribe got together and the other tribes also got together crying. Abdul Muttalib's daughter - Ateka - asid, ‘Ask the Almighty God to excuse you from offering your son , for sacrifice.’ Abdul Muttalib said, ‘My daughter! How can I ask for an excuse? You are mature and intelligent.’ Ateka said, ‘Draw lots concerning your son, and your camels that are around the Shrine (the Kaaba). Increase the number of camels so much that your Lord gets pleased and the lot falls to the name of the camels.’ Then Abdul Muttalib sent someone after his camels. They brought them all there. He chose ten of the camels and drew lots. The lot fell to the name of Abdillah. He chose an additional ten and drew lots again. The lot fell to the name of Abdillah again. He added to the number of camels and repeated drawing lots until the number of camels reached one hundred. Then the lot fell to the name of the camels. The people of the Quraysh tribe became very happy and said ‘God is the Greatest’ so loud that the Tehamat mountains started to shake. Abdul Muttalib said, ‘No. I must draw lots three more times.’ He drew lots three more times. The lot fell to the name of the camels all three times. On the third time, Zubayr and Abu Talib dragged their brother Abdillah away from under Abdul Muttalib's feet. The part of his face that was on the ground got hurt. They picked him up and kissed him. Abdul Muttalib ordered all the one hundred camels be taken to Hazvareh and slaughtered there. He stressed that no one should be deprived of the meat. There were five traditions practiced by Abdul Muttalib which the Almighty God continued their practice of in Islam as follows: 1- He forbade the (marriage of) the father's wives with the sons. 2- He established one hundred camels as blood compensation for killing. 3- He circumambulated the Kaaba seven times. 4- He found a treasure and paid one fifth of it as levy. 5- When he dug up the 'Zam Zam' spring, he established it as the supply of water for the pilgrims. If Abdul Muttalib was not a proof (of the Divine God) and his decision to offer his son as sacrifice was not similar to that of Abraham (s) about his son Ishmael, the Noble Prophet (s) would not have been proud of being related to them (Abraham and Abdul Muttalib) and would not have said, ‘I am the son of the two offerings.’ The reason God prevented Ishmael from being sacrificed was the same one that He prevented Abdullah from being sacrificed. The reason was that the Noble Prophet (s) and the Immaculate Imams (s) were in their loins. Thus God prevented their being sacrificed due to the Blessed Prophet (s) and the Imams (s). Thus the tradition of offering one's son as a sacrifice did not become popular among the people. Otherwise, it would have become obligatory for people to offer their sons for sacrifice on the day of celebrating the ‘Eid ul-Adha each year until the Resurrection Day so as to seek nearness to God. Everything sacrificed on the ‘Eid ul-Adha until the Resurrection Day will be a substitute for Ishmael.
  37. 24 points
    (salam) In the name of God, the Beneficent the Merciful To the Youth in Europe and North America, The recent events in France and similar ones in some other Western countries have convinced me to directly talk to you about them. I am addressing you, [the youth], not because I overlook your parents, rather it is because the future of your nations and countries will be in your hands; and also I find that the sense of quest for truth is more vigorous and attentive in your hearts. I don’t address your politicians and statesmen either in this writing because I believe that they have consciously separated the route of politics from the path of righteousness and truth. I would like to talk to you about Islam, particularly the image that is presented to you as Islam. Many attempts have been made over the past two decades, almost since the disintegration of the Soviet Union, to place this great religion in the seat of a horrifying enemy. The provocation of a feeling of horror and hatred and its utilization has unfortunately a long record in the political history of the West. Here, I don’t want to deal with the different phobias with which the Western nations have thus far been indoctrinated. A cursory review of recent critical studies of history would bring home to you the fact that the Western governments’ insincere and hypocritical treatment of other nations and cultures has been censured in new historiographies. The histories of the United States and Europe are ashamed of slavery, embarrassed by the colonial period and chagrined at the oppression of people of color and non-Christians. Your researchers and historians are deeply ashamed of the bloodsheds wrought in the name of religion between the Catholics and Protestants or in the name of nationality and ethnicity during the First and Second World Wars. This approach is admirable. By mentioning a fraction of this long list, I don’t want to reproach history; rather I would like you to ask your intellectuals as to why the public conscience in the West awakens and comes to its senses after a delay of several decades or centuries. Why should the revision of collective conscience apply to the distant past and not to the current problems? Why is it that attempts are made to prevent public awareness regarding an important issue such as the treatment of Islamic culture and thought? You know well that humiliation and spreading hatred and illusionary fear of the “other” have been the common base of all those oppressive profiteers. Now, I would like you to ask yourself why the old policy of spreading “phobia” and hatred has targeted Islam and Muslims with an unprecedented intensity. Why does the power structure in the world want Islamic thought to be marginalized and remain latent? What concepts and values in Islam disturb the programs of the super powers and what interests are safeguarded in the shadow of distorting the image of Islam? Hence, my first request is: Study and research the incentives behind this widespread tarnishing of the image of Islam. My second request is that in reaction to the flood of prejudgments and disinformation campaigns, try to gain a direct and firsthand knowledge of this religion. The right logic requires that you understand the nature and essence of what they are frightening you about and want you to keep away from. I don’t insist that you accept my reading or any other reading of Islam. What I want to say is: Don’t allow this dynamic and effective reality in today’s world to be introduced to you through resentments and prejudices. Don’t allow them to hypocritically introduce their own recruited terrorists as representatives of Islam. Receive knowledge of Islam from its primary and original sources. Gain information about Islam through the Qur’an and the life of its great Prophet. I would like to ask you whether you have directly read the Qur’an of the Muslims. Have you studied the teachings of the Prophet of Islam and his humane, ethical doctrines? Have you ever received the message of Islam from any sources other than the media? Have you ever asked yourself how and on the basis of which values has Islam established the greatest scientific and intellectual civilization of the world and raised the most distinguished scientists and intellectuals throughout several centuries? I would like you not to allow the derogatory and offensive image-buildings to create an emotional gulf between you and the reality, taking away the possibility of an impartial judgment from you. Today, the communication media have removed the geographical borders. Hence, don’t allow them to besiege you within fabricated and mental borders. Although no one can individually fill the created gaps, each one of you can construct a bridge of thought and fairness over the gaps to illuminate yourself and your surrounding environment. While this preplanned challenge between Islam and you, the youth, is undesirable, it can raise new questions in your curious and inquiring minds. Attempts to find answers to these questions will provide you with an appropriate opportunity to discover new truths. Therefore, don’t miss the opportunity to gain proper, correct and unbiased understanding of Islam so that hopefully, due to your sense of responsibility toward the truth, future generations would write the history of this current interaction between Islam and the West with a clearer conscience and lesser resentment. Seyyed Ali Khamenei 21st Jan. 2015 Source: http://www.aimislam.com/ayatollah-khameneis-letter-to-the-youth-of-the-west/ Wassalam
  38. 24 points
    Salam, Didn't really find a good place to put this so i'll put it here. This is a short clip of Ayatollah Khamenei criticizing those who compare him to Imam Ali and Imam Mahdi, and the illegitimate titles they give him. http://www.ansarclip.com/01/4826-139305045 Transcript in farsi: Rough translation: If someone claims and says that our Islamic Government does not have any faults and is formed by what Islam wants, that person is lying. This is not the case. We are weak humans. When some people use the name of Amir Al Mumeneen or use the name of Wali-Asr(ruhi fidah) and then mention my name afterwards, my body shivers. there is a great distance between those who are absolute truth(the infallible) and we who are drowned in darkness. We are the fruits of today's polluted world. Then he compares us to them, it's a farsi way of comparing the difference/distance of status Where are we(himself and others) and where are their smallest students? Where are we and where are their qanbar(name imam ali gave to his closest friends such as Ammar, also Imam Alis slave was named Qanbar)? Where are we and where is that sacrificed slave of Imam Husseins Karbala? We won't even come close to the dirt of the feet of that slave. But that which is true is this that we as Muslims that know our path, have decided and will use our strength in this path. With our entire being we will move in this path and will continue in this path. We have our faults and all our faults are fixable. But remember, that even if we fix our faults it won't be like we have reached the end(become perfect), No, this road has no end. On the roads that we travel, kilometer by kilometer there is a stop sign and we must pass these stop signs. Many of the errors and problems our country faces are solvable.
  39. 23 points
    Haji 2003

    Unlimited pleasure

    There are arguments given by atheists challenging religious beliefs, and resulting practices that science does not support and which atheists argue should be abandoned by believers. In this essay, I want to look at one example, where I think science is catching up with religion. The industrial farming of sugar by Europeans in the West Indies, starting from the eighteenth century, is a good example of improving the supply of something that was supposed to vastly improve the pleasure of significant numbers of people at little cost. Almost suddenly the population of Europe discovered how to sweeten their diet. It took many many decades to realise that, of course, there were health costs and the realisation that industrial production on this scale and such limited cost required unacceptable human sacrifices as well. The story for tobacco is a similar one. Relatively more recently we've cracked the problem of industrially producing foods that were hitherto a luxury, such as chicken. But at least in this instance, the knowledge that the welfare costs borne by the chicken are unacceptable has come much more quickly than was the case for the slaves producing sugar and tobacco. In the case of the chicken attempts to improve the situation have happened more quickly as well. We could list similar examples wherever man has acquired the technical knowledge that the hitherto expensive and difficult to manufacture could be made more cheaply in many instances this has come with a high cost to the human workers and animals involved in the production process. But what is also noteworthy is that in many instances there has also been an unacceptable cost to the consumers who had originally assumed that a source of cheap pleasure had been discovered. A high sugar diet kills, low tobacco consumption kills and meat produced with little regard for animal welfare is not healthy either. What are the implications for today? Just as improvements in shipping, various agricultural practices and refining processes allowed us to produce sugar, so various technical advances have allowed us to produce far higher and better 'quality' levels of entertainment for far lower cost than was previously ever the case. In a matter of 50 year years, television has gone from something that could only realistically be watched for a few hours a day to something that can deliver a variety of entertainment 24 hours a day, seven days a week for entire years. And we now realise the health costs of a sedentary lifestyle. But television also provides a good example of another risk that we are facing. The passive consumption of such entertainment nevertheless requires on the part of those being entertained some variety and on the part of those providing the entertainment there are advantages to reducing costs. Adding to this toxic mix is the realisation that although the original goals for entertainment may have been lofty, without a strict ethical and moral framework imposing restrictions the result is all too easily entertainment that appeals to the lowest common denominator and that is sex and we have the 21st century equivalent of sugar, which is pornography. There is a growing, but still limited, understanding of the effect of the consumption of porn, and in the case of children the science is still in its infancy. Also, the longer-term effects on entire societies are not well understood, because the experiments necessary to understand the impact are still being done, in real-time on actual societies. We are the guinea pigs because even people who do not consciously watch pornography are affected by people who do. The producer who makes a 'racy' drama for mass family audiences, could likely have had their ideas on what is acceptable shaped by their consumption of pornography. Gender relations, how men interact with women are all influenced by the communications to which they are exposed. The impact can therefore be in terms of how ubiquitous (pervasive) the impact is and also how insidious. Without stretching the point, the parallel with sugar is again interesting. Sugar consumption has become pervasive, we consume it even when we do not think we are, it is present in all manner of unlikely foods. Because, once marketers recognised our preference - including it in a wide range of offerings (in order to be customer focused) was the normal reaction of the market place. Like sugar, pornography held the promise of unlimited pleasure, at very low cost. Religious and moral objectors have appeared to have little science to back their reservations. If you combine the morality of the market with the assumption that anything adults (in this case the actors who perform) do out of their free will, for a fair wage, is acceptable, then there appear to be no restrictions at all as to what is done. Porn becomes a guilt-free pleasure. Initially, with what vestige of moral scruples remained, there were restrictions on supply and limitations on what children could watch. But in the case of children the advance of technology has meant that those restrictions have become difficult to enforce and regarding moral limits these have become more lax, as each passing generation has become more liberal in its tolerance of what is acceptable, having been conditioned by what they were exposed to. But just as our experience with sugar and tobacco and other products has shown us over the past few centuries, our being able to deliver pleasure at an industrial scale for low cost for the 'benefit' of large sections of society never ends well. At least with these offerings, the long-term costs paid by consumers were purely physical, with more recent products subject to industrialisation the costs are more likely to be psychological. An Islamic society that adheres to its principles would likely not have affected the growth trajectories of sugar and tobacco, other than perhaps slow down their initial establishment. The fair treatment of slaves would have imposed higher costs. However, in the case of pornography restrictions on what people are allowed to see of others should provide clear limits as to what can and cannot be consumed. Bear in mind that Islam does not have some vague restrictions on what people can and cannot see, the restrictions are explicit and formalised. This approach has a clear advantage when it comes to something like porn, whose non-religious definition has clearly changed over the years. What is now healthy family viewing was porn for previous generations. This is a product whose very consumption affects how we define it. Yet the Islamic injunction is very clear and is intended to hold for all time. This is a clear case of where science catches up with orthodox, traditional religious morality. https://contemporaniablog.wordpress.com/2016/10/12/unlimited-pleasure/#more-535
  40. 23 points
    Qa'im

    A Guide to Sunni Trends

    The Sunni Muslim world, as I see it, is divided up into the following social categories. Below are the major trends that run through this segment of the Umma. - Madhhabi Sunnis: Anyone belonging to the traditional Hanafi, Shafi`i, Maliki, and Hanbali schools, including both conservative and nominal Muslims. Madhhabi Sunnis usually express their religion through devoted worship, spirituality, and traditional law-abidance. Many sub-movements fit in this category, including most Sufis, the mystical Barelvi movement, the Deobandi movement, and those who are simply culturally Muslim. Madhhabi Sunnis are usually suspicious of Salafi, Shia, and modernist ideas and traditions, but still advocate for Muslim unity; agreeing to disagree with competing trends. Some nominal Madhhabis are influenced by Salafi revivalism and conservatism. Sufis in particular are often politically quietist and pacifistic, and have a balanced but positive view of classical Islamic civilizations. Popular examples: Hamza Yusuf, Yahya Rhodus, Timothy Winters, Zaid Shakir, Umar Abd-Allah, Shabir Ally, Usama Canon, Suhaib Webb, Faraz Rabbani, Amjad Tarsin. Salafis: Those who try to pursue a literal interpretation of Sunni Islam based on its most established primary hadith sources. Salafis are suspicious of secondary sources, philosophy, mysticism, traditional Sunni schools, saint-reverence, forms of religious expressions that are not explicitly supported by "sahih" Sunni hadiths, and other sects and religions. Salafis usually express their religion through theological discourse, worship, strict adherence to early practices (including having a "Muslim appearance"), and clamping down on "innovations" in Islamic practice (i.e. anything in a hadith they consider "weak", or not found in their most literal interpretations). Salafis have three noticeable sub-movements: (1) the Wahabis, who follow the Najdi Saudi theologians; (2) apolitical non-Wahabi Salafis, who follow non-Najdi figures, are focused mostly on theology and law, and are critical of Saudi Arabia's royal family and state-sponsored scholars, and (3) Militant Salafis, who seek to revive the Caliphate, establish puritan Islamic states, resist Western imperialism, and punish deviant and nominal Muslims. Salafis are very critical of Sufis and Shias, and often push for the destruction of their relics. Popular examples: Bilal Philips, Abu Khadeejah, Yasir Qadhi, Abdur Raheem Green, Zakir Naik, Feiz Mohammed, Abu Musab Wajdi Akkari, Abu Isa Niamatullah. Liberal Reformists: This includes Quranists and other reformists, who have a modernist humanist worldview, and see many Islamic laws and practices as outdated or obsolete. Liberal Reformists are focused on social justice and ethical principles inspired by the Quran. They are skeptical of hadith literature, Islamic scholarship, mysticism, sectarianism, and some jurisprudence. Liberal Reformists are especially critical of traditional penalties (hudud), extremism, radicalization, and laws related to gender and sexuality. The Quran is viewed as a flexible, progressive document that mostly lacks the rigidity of Islamic laws. Popular examples: Mona Eltahawy, Irshad Manji, Maajid Nawaz, Tarek Fatah, Amina Wadud, Asra Nomani, Michael Muhammad Knight, Khalid Abou El Fadl Muslim Brotherhood Types: They are often unaffiliated with the actual MB, but hold the same pragmatist and anti-imperialist sentiments. They are a middle-upper class educated movement that focuses on social conservatism, harmonizing modernism and traditionalism, international politics, and social justice. The MB types believe in family values, scientific/technological progress and development, and quasi-Marxist-Leninist domestic and international policies (big welfare governments and anti-Western imperialism). They are critical of Salafi puritanism, Sufi mysticism, and Shia Iran's encroachment of the Arab world. The MB types often admire the Turkish, Tunisian, and Malaysian Islamic models, which are pluralistic yet respect Islamic tradition. They are often nostalgic of Islamic civilization's golden age. Popular examples: Tariq Ramadan, Jamal Badawi, Dalia Mogahed, Anas al-Tikriti, Jonathan Brown - Most Sunni Muslims are not very conscious of these divisions. They usually don't identify themselves with one of these labels, and all 4 trends coexist in most Sunni nations and communities. The trends also have some overlaps, and there are people that are a blend of multiple trends. Sunni scholars are more aware of the red lines due to their epistemological significance. But many Sunnis are subject to the influence of Gulf petrodollars, and therefore will take on some Salafi cliches without noticing it (or just seeing it as becoming "more religious"). I call this "Casual Salafism" - speakers like Nouman Ali Khan, Yusuf Estes, Ismail Menk, or Omar Suleiman, who are more laid-back and popular with the youth, but still have a Salafi epistemology and Salafi influences in their material. Being conscious of these trends will allow us to better understand whom we can work with and whom we should best avoid.
  41. 23 points
  42. 23 points
    Salam, everyone. I must say this topic is a little bit embarrassing. I went out-of-town. My relative who owns a private Pre-School had a teacher call to say she could not come due to a family emergency, so I went to help out. This topic was very unexpected, and I thank all of you for your kind messages of support. You are the best members in the world.
  43. 23 points
    I think you are an idiot. And you are hereby banned. We don't promote violence on this site, specially against civilien, go spread your filth elsewhere.
  44. 23 points
    Nothing yet, he doesn't need to. Ayatollah Sistani is doing a great job himself, he doesn't need help so far. He barely said anything and 1.5 million iraqis stepped up, which is amazing. Only thing Iraq might need help with from Iran is intelligence and maybe some on site commanders that don't run. Otherwise, bravery, manpower and weapons the Iraqis have themselves. I hope they totally slaughter these takrifis in such a way that it will take another 500 years before anyone thinks about it again. We might have our differences between the nationalities, but no one thinks twice that if you threaten our holy sites, black, blue, brown, sandlizzard iraqi or majousi irani doesnt matter anymore. Our holy sites is bloodbinding and is off limits.
  45. 23 points
    I read a Jewish joke the other day (it went something along the lines of:) A rabbi and a taxi driver arrive at the gates of heaven, an angel comes to greet them and immediately ushers the taxi driver through the gates, leaving the rabbi waiting. This infuriates the rabbi, who says "How is it possible that he enters heaven before me, he is just a taxi driver, whilst I am a rabbi, a scholar of G-d's religion, I dedicated my life to Him!" The angel replies "You gave boring sermons, when you preached, you turned people away from G-d, whereas he was an erratic and dangerous driver, when passengers were in his car, they feared for their lives and prayed and remembered G-d a lot"
  46. 22 points
    yasahebalzaman.313

    Define Happiness

    Brothers and sisters. What words you use nowadays to define happiness in this life? Do you seek to achieve it? What do you do to achieve it? This concept have made people go astray just to obtain it, they have quit their religion and commitment and have fallen into this trap that the western culture always point at. This topic is a reminder for all of us, including me, to remember the very Purpose we came here for. Before I became a Shia i met many individuals who always wanted to hear about the truth and always wanted to acquire this ultimate feeling that we call happiness. Only they don't understand that they can't have it in this life. A friend of mine used to always talk about owning a house next to a lake, work in a job that she likes, that is true happiness she says, but yet this lifestyle is temporary. She doesn't think well okay after I've done all that what is next? What is the meaning behind it? Or another one that used to always tell me she wants to travel the whole world and camp in every mountain, forest, valley, beach, or any outdoor place she could ever find. Imagine you have the whole money in the world and you went on to do this endless trip you talk about and then after you almost discovered every country, every civilization, you'd probably feel that life has no purpose now and you'd decide to end it. Because simply there is nothing new for you to do anymore, everything is repetitive in this life and everything is temporary. I had friends who quit their jobs and went on a 6months trip to India living like homeless people. When they came back they claimed that this trip changed their life, but i just didn't see it, it wasn't genuine to me. Many people go to places now, pretend to do things or even feel like they Have to do certain activities just to show the world how cool and happy they are. But trust me behind their smile they are miserable. Happiness is overrated, it's just some other weapon that they use against us. It's normal that we slip sometimes but it's important to get back up, because True happiness comes from religion and from God, and the ultimate happiness is founded in the hereafter, not here.
  47. 22 points
    zainabamy

    Me on Ahlulbayt tv Reborn!!!

    I've just seen this trailer on Twitter and I'm pretty much in tears. I'll let you know the date that my full interview will be shown inshallah. I'm the girl in the gold hijab btw.
  48. 22 points
    Please recite fatiha for my grandfather, he left us today!
  49. 22 points
    Aitzaz Hasan: Tributes to Pakistan teenager killed when he stopped a bomber Aitzaz Hasan was described as a brave and good studentContinue reading the main storyTributes have been pouring in for a Pakistani teenager who was killed on Monday when he tackled a suicide bomber targeting his school in the Hangu area. Aitzaz Hasan, 15, was with friends outside school when they spotted a man wearing a suicide vest. Despite the pleas of his fellow students, he decided to confront and capture the bomber who then detonated his vest, his cousin told the BBC. Aitzaz is being hailed as a hero in an outpouring of praise on social media. There have even been calls for him to receive the army's highest honour awarded to those who have sacrificed their life for their country, though it is unclear if he would be qualified to receive it as a civilian. "We the citizens believe that State of Pk must award Nishan-i-Haider to Pk's brave son Shaheed Aitezaz," journalist Nasim Zehra tweeted on Thursday. Confrontation The incident took place on Monday in Ibrahimzai, a Shia-dominated region of Hangu, in north-western Pakistan. There were almost 2,000 students in attendance at the time of the attack, media reports say. "My cousin sacrificed his life saving his school and hundreds of students and school fellows," his cousin Mudassar Hassan Bangish told the BBC's Aleem Maqbool. "The suicide bomber wanted to destroy the school and school students. It was my cousin who stopped him from this...destruction." There were said to be about 2,000 students at Aitzaz's school at the time of the attackHe then described the sequence of events as related to him by witnesses at the school. Aitzaz's friends had urged him not to confront the suicide bomber but he ignored their pleas and decided to confront the man with the intention of halting him. "So he told them 'I'm going to stop him. He is going to school to kill my friends'. He wanted to capture this suicide bomber. He wanted to stop [him]. Meanwhile the suicide bomber blasted himself which resulted in the death of my cousin," Mr Bangish said. He described Aitzaz as "brave" and a good student. "He always used to say 'I am always ready for my country'." His family insist that rather than focus on the sorrow brought about by his death, they want to focus on their pride in his actions. "He is a shahid [martyr]. A shahid of his whole nation," he said. Continue reading the main story Aitzaz's death: Twitter reactionHundreds of users have been tweeting the story of Pakistan's fallen teenager. "Aitzaz Hasan, 15 years old, gave his life to stop a suicide bomber in Pakistan. A reminder to us all what real courage is. RIP, brave soul," writer and journalist Omer Aziz tweeted on Thursday. "From #Malala to #Aitzaz Irum young people paving the way for Jinnah's #Pakistan with their blood. #onemillionaitzazs," blogger Murtaza Solangi tweeted. Government officials have not yet visited the school or Aitzaz's family, prompting requests from Twitter users that they do so. Politicians and public figures also added to the chorus of praise for Aitzaz. His family have also spoken of Aitzaz's actions inPakistan's Express Tribune newspaper. "My son made his mother cry, but saved hundreds of mothers from crying for their children," Mujahid Ali, Aitzaz's father is quoted as saying. :cry: Sectarian violence According to Mr Bangish, people in the area would like to see the government give Aitzaz an award to recognise his bravery, and compared him with celebrated Pakistani education campaigner Malala Yousafzai - a comparison being echoed across social media. On Twitter, users are paying tribute to Aitzaz using the hashtags #onemillionaitzaz and #AitzazBraveheart echoing the language used online around figures such as Malala and the Delhi rape victim, whose death galvanised Indian public opinion and prompted changes in rape laws there. Former Pakistani ambassador to the US Sherry Rehman tweeted:"Hangu's shaheed Aitzaz Hasan is #Pakistan's pride. Give him a medal at least. Another young one with heartstopping courage #AitzazBraveheart." Hangu is close to Pakistan's semi-autonomous tribal regions, which have a strong Taliban and al-Qaeda presence and the area is also known for sectarian violence against Shia Muslims. Mr Bangish said the region's residents are "patriotic people" but have to contend with difficult conditions. He he added that in order to cope with such conditions and tackle the "fights and blast ... needs courage like Aitzaz has. We salute his bravery". http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-25663992 I salute this courageous teenager, he is a true mujahid, a true shaheed, in the way of Allah, by saving His fellow humans. The school had 2000 in attendance, he potentially saved hundreds of his classmates, and his father is ever-so humble in his son's sacrifice. Quran at 5:32 in Surah Ma'ida says: ''...and whoever keeps it alive, it is as though he kept alive all men and certainly Our messangers came to them with clear arguements, but even after that many of them certainly act extravagantly in the land'', this shows the reward of the true hero, for he at 15 is more of a man than most men ever will be. I salute him, his family and May Allah accept his martyrdom.
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