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In the Name of God بسم الله

Farsi / فارسی

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    • I'm not sure if this is the correct forum for this question. If not I'm sorry it was a mistake. What is the process of having an arranged marriage? How are matches made and what is the process to get married once the decision is made? I'm looking for someone who is willing to have at least one child quickly or immediately after the marriage. I'm going to start seriously look within about a year or longer to give me time to straiten my finances out. when I'm ready what is the traditional way to find someone and what is the marriage process as well?
    • As salaamun aleikum, Does anyone know the salaat that is supposed to be done for the necklace containing the hirz of Imam Jawad? I also need the farsi translation of the dua that is supposed to be recited. The english is: O Light, O Proof, O Manifest One, O Illuminating, O Lord Be enough for me in the face of evil/harm, and the problems of my time/era And I ask you for salvation on the Day when the trumpet shall be blown’   jazakAllahkheyr
    • I think conflict is not as helpful as the historiographical methodologies of reading these two traditions, one with a relatively set historiography that crystallized over two centuries, the other chronicling very recent events. For example, this Syriac account about Imam Ali's (عليه السلام) martyrdom states he was assassinated in Hirah. How is that possible when we know he died in Kufah? This account is, I believe, late seventh century and hence a few decades after the martyrdom. However, the same critical scholarship we believe will destroy our faith is useful in showing how this isn't a problem. Historical-critical scholarship aims at asking certain questions of its sources, our primary one is who wrote it and what was his relationship to the Umawis? Being a work composed in Sham in all probability, it is likely to hold a much more positive view of Mu'awiya because we know that Syriac historiography was influenced by Umawi propaganda. Another thing historical-critical does is that it tries to compound the facts we know about society then with our analysis in order to assist us. We know that prior to Islam the major Arab regional city in southern Iraq was Hirah, the seat of the Lakhmid capital which became abandoned slowly after Islam, while Kufah was a garrison city recently built to administer Islamic rule after the conquest and populated by immigrant tribes and warriors who took part in the conquests, hence in the seventh century it would have been less important to a Syriac writer than the near by city of Hirah. This is not unlike how in the middle ages the important city in the area was not Tehran, which was a little village, but Rayy, now swallowed up by Tehran. Or how an when talking to an outsider one might not say they are from Streamwood, Illinois, but from Chicago, Illinois. This is just an example about how the situation isn't as dire as stated in terms of the conflict of these sources. We very much need to determine how to read our Arabic and non Arabic sources to yield the best possible history.
    • Yes. The following post that I made in another thread (started by the same OP) picked up on reviews written by academics at the time.  
    • Quite late to the discussion, but for future readers, I thought I'd give my thoughts as an English literature student who's starting his Masters inshallah this autumn, and who has had the liberty to study literature in two countries (did an exchange year abroad). Of course, I'm not a jurist, so I won't try to give any specific answers. Rather, I'll try and approach it from a reflective manner - which is what you essentially learn by studying literature. And hopefully, it may help you to look at the issue more objectively.  First, I want to draw a distinction between reading literature and studying it. When you normally read, in the vast majority of cases, you only consume. You read as a form of entertainment. That is very different to when you're studying literature. When you study literature, you do "close readings". You read with questions in mind.  You look at things such as: The life of the author (how did the author's life shape the work?) Historical/cultural context (does it represent the current culture n society, or does it comment on and challenge cultural norms?) Literary movements and periods (is the work part of a literary movement and/or period?) Symbolism (are there symbols present? what do they represent?) Historical and/or cultural significance (how did the work affect society and future writers?) and most importantly, you'll look at: Message and meaning (how is the work interpreted? and how do you personally interpret it?) Now I want to add a quote my professors once told me, which went something along the lines of "you can hate the author, and disagree with their opinions/message all you want, but you can't disregard their historical significance".  Whether we like it or not, literature with immoral values exists, and some of them, have had a huge cultural impact. But when you study literature, you're in essence dissecting works, and seeing how each part fits within the work and within its historical/cultural context. Instead of simply being a consumer looking for entertainment, you'd actually be more aware of why those immoral values are present, and how they affect and represent society. And I need to emphasize this, literature is a representation of society. It mirrors society. By examining literature, you can understand society, and how it has evolved.  For instance, we once read a book about a non-religious woman living with her brother's family in a Christian society. She eventually moves away to a rural village where she becomes a witch and forms a pact with satan, who in turn gives her "freedom". Some of the messages and values of this book were really off and unislamic. And reading it as a normal reader, that might be exactly what you're left with: A woman struggles, who then achieves freedom by living on her own and forming a pact with the devil, which is not something you'd want to poison young kids with. But by studying it (as opposed to simply reading), you begin to look at it differently. There's something important you become aware of. You learn about women's experience in society during the times, and how certain issues, were enough to "push them" towards "new age religion" and witchcraft. You also understand some of the elements behind the rise of "new age religion" (women viewing it as empowerment in contrast with Christianity which was seen as suppressive). These ideas, in my opinion, will only help to protect and strengthen your deen as you become more knowledgeable about various issues and how they have shaped society and culture.  Having said all of that, I should mention that in most cases, there won't be anything "that bad" in terms of halal-haram. Of course, this also depends on the course and university, but in general, literature studies tend to examine older works. As you move to newer periods, questionable values/messages may pop up, but again, you're examining them, not enjoying them.  Hope this helped somewhat.
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