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In the Name of God بسم الله

General Islamic Discussion

Discuss Islamic theology, history, philosophy, spirituality, the Holy Qur'an, duas, hadith, and general issues facing the Muslim world. 

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    • I know basic sins already but i heard in Shia Islam there are more and others no really talked about in Sunni like music ect, can somebody provide a list and refrence?I just recently took the third shahadah!!
    • (Assalamualaikum) Taken from https://www.marefateahlebait.com/husain-and-karbala/azadari-its-limitations Azadari - An act of love Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى) says in the Holy Quran: قُلْ لَا أَسْأَلُكُمْ عَلَيْهِ أَجْرًا إِلَّا الْمَوَدَّةَ فِي الْقُرْبَىٰ Say: "No reward do I ask of you for this except the love of my near of kin” (42.22) The act of Azadari is a practical implementation of this verse of the Holy Quran known as the verse of “Mawaddat”. This verse of the Holy Quran orders every Muslim to love the Ahlul Bait (عليه السلام). Hence the love of the AhlulBait (عليه السلام) is obligatory. As per the narrations of the Imam’s (عليه السلام) there are no fixed ways of expressing ones love towards the AhlulBait (عليه السلام) and hence any act (which does not go against the clear and specific laws of Islam) done with the intention of expressing love for the AhlulBait (عليه السلام) is praised and accepted by the AhlulBait (عليه السلام). Below we quote a couple of narrations of the Imam’s (عليه السلام) to prove this. First Narration: قال أنس : كنت عند الحسين عليه السلام ، فدخلت عليه جارية فحيته بطاقة ريحان ، فقال لها : أنت حرة لوجه الله ، فقلت : تجيئك بطاقة ريحان لا خطر لها فتعتقها ؟ قال : كذا أدبنا الله ، قال الله " وإذا حييتم بتحية فحيوا بأحسن منها أوردوها " وكان أحسن منها عتقه Anas bin Maalik narrates: Once I was with Imam Husain (عليه السلام) when a slave girl came and gave a bundle of flower to Imam Husain (عليه السلام) as a gift. In return Imam Husain (عليه السلام) said the slave girl, I have freed you in path of Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى). Anas then said to Imam Husain (عليه السلام), “This slave girl gave you a bundle of flower which is of no value and in return you freed her?” Imam Husain (عليه السلام) said, “When a (courteous) greeting/gift is offered you, meet it with a greeting still more courteous, or (at least) of equal courtesy. Allah takes careful account of all things.” [Chapter.4 Verse.86] Hence the return for the bundle of flowers that she gave was this only that she be freed. [Source: Bihar Al Anwar Vol.44 Pg.195]   Second Narration: عن تفسير العياشي، عن بريد بن معاوية العجلي قال: كنت عند أبي جعفر عليه السّلام إذ دخل عليه قادم من خراسان ماشيا، فأخرج رجليه و قد تغلّفتا، و قال: أما و اللّه ما جاء بي من حيث جئت إلاّ حبّكم أهل البيت، فقال أبو جعفر عليه السّلام «و اللّه لو أحبّنا حجر حشره اللّه معنا، و هل الدين إلاّ الحب؟ إن اللّه يقول: قُلْ إِنْ كُنْتُمْ تُحِبُّونَ اللَّهَ فَاتَّبِعُونِي يُحْبِبْكُمُ اللَّهُ و قال: يُحِبُّونَ مَنْ هاجَرَ إِلَيْهِمْ و هل الدين إلاّ الحب؟ It is quoted in Tafseer Al-Ayashi from Bareed Ibn Muawiya Al-Ijli, he said: "I was in the holy presence of Abu Ja’far ((عليه السلام).), while a slave came walking all the way from Khurasan, he took off his shoes and said, "I have not come from where I travelled, but for your love O! Ahlulbait ((عليه السلام).)." Then Imam Abu Ja’far ((عليه السلام).) Said, "I swear by Allah ((سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى).) that if a stone loves us, it will be raised with us, and what is divine religion besides love? Surely Allah (azwj) says: “Say: "If you do love Allah, Follow me: Allah will love you". The Imam (عليه السلام) further said, "They love those who migrate towards them, and what is the divine religion, besides love?" [Source: Tafseer Al Ayashi Vol. 1 Pg.167]   The above 2 narrations clearly indicate that any action (which does not go against the clear and specific laws of Islam) that is done as an expression of love towards the AhlulBait (عليه السلام) is considered good and acceptable in the eyes of the Imam’s (عليه السلام) and hence will be considered as acting upon the verse of Mawaddat “Say: No reward do I ask of you for this except the love of my near of kin” (42.22) This is also very clearly specified in the following narration of Imam Sadiq (as): عن أبي عبدالله عليه السلام قال : سمعته يقول : إنَّ البكاء والجزع مكروهٌ للعبد في كلِّ ما جزع ما خلا البكاء والجزع على الحسين بن عليّ عليهما السلام ، فإنّه فيه مأجورٌ Abu Abdillah Imam Sadiq (عليه السلام) said, "Crying and JAZA* is Makruh for the slaves (of Allah) over any matter except crying and Jaza over Husain ibn Ali (عليه السلام). Verily the one who cries and acts impatiently over Husain (عليه السلام) will be rewarded." [Source: Kamil Az Ziyarat, Chapter. 32 Hadees:2] *JAZA - uneasiness, restlessness, and acting impatiently. Some examples include wearing black clothes and hitting the chests or things over a tragedy. All acts of Azadari come under this category and hence considered Mustahab.   Here is another narration that talks about beating the cheeks for Imam Husain (as): وَ قَدْ شَقَقْنَ الْجُيُوبَ وَ لَطَمْنَ الْخُدُودَ الْفَاطِمِيَّاتُ عَلَى الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ ع وَ عَلَى مِثْلِهِ تُلْطَمُ الْخُدُودُ وَ تُشَقُّ الْجُيُوب "The family of Fatima (peace be upon her) tore off their collars and slapped their cheeks upon Hussain son of Ali (peace be upon them), upon the likes of Hussain (عليه السلام), cheeks must [certainly] be slapped and collars must be torn" [Source: Al-Tahthib, Shaikh Toosi, Vol. 8, Pg. 325]   Another narration: Amir al-mu'minin, peace be upon him, said on the grave of the Messenger of Allah, peace be upon him and his descendants, at the time of burial: قال أمير المؤمنين (ع) على قبر رسول الله (ص) ساعة دفن: إن الصبر لجميل إلا عنك, وإن الجزع لقبيح إلا عليك, وإن المصاب بك لجليل, وإنه قبلك وبعدك لجلل‏. "Certainly, endurance/patience is good except about you; becoming impatient/restless is bad except over you, and the affliction about you is great while every other affliction before or after it is small." [Source: Nahjul Balagha, Saying 292] Even the acts which are originally part of culture of the people in a particular area/country will be considered as acceptable and valid and those who do it will be rewarded. This has been very clearly said by Imam Ali (as): In the famous letter of Imam Ali (عليه السلام) to Maalik al-Ashtar: وَلاَ تَنْقُضْ سُنَّةً صَالِحَةً عَمِلَ بِهَا صُدُورُ هذِهِ الاْمَّةِ، وَاجْتَمَعتْ بِهَا الاْلْفَةُ، وَصَلَحَتْ عَلَيْهَا الرَّعِيَّةُ،لاَ تُحْدِثَنَّ سُنَّةً تَضُرُّ بِشَيء مِنْ مَاضِي تِلْكَ السُّنَنِ، فَيَكُونَ الاْجْرُ بِمَنْ سَنَّهَا، وَالْوِزْرُ عَلَيْكَ بِمَا نَقَضْتَ مِنْهَا. وَأَكْثِرْ مُدَارَسَةَ الَعُلَمَاءِ، وَمُنَافَثَةَ الْحُكَمَاءِ، فِي تَثْبِيتِ مَا صَلَحَ عَلَيْهِ أَمْرُ بِلاَدِكَ، وَإِقَامَةِ مَا اسْتَقَامَ بِهِ النَّاسُ قَبْلَكَ "Do not discontinue the good practices which the earlier people of this community had acted upon, by virtue of which there was general unity and upon which the people agreed. Do not innovate any line of action which injures these earlier practices because (in that case) the reward for those who had established those practices will continue, but the burden for discontinuing them will be on you. Keep on increasing your conversations with the scholars and discussions with the wise to stabilize the prosperity of the areas under you, and to continue with that in which your predecessors had established." [Source: Nahjul Balagha - Letter 53] The same as above is stated by Imam Muhammad Baqir (as): وبالاسناد الاول عن علي بن مهزيار، عن أحمد بن محمد، عن حماد بن عثمان قال: قال إسماعيل الجعفي: سمعت أبا جعفر محمد بن علي صلوات الله عليهما يقول: من سن سنة عدل فاتبع كان له مثل أجر من عمل بها من غير أن ينقص من أجورهم شئ، ومن سن سنة جور فاتبع كان عليه وزر من عمل بها من غير أن ينقص من أوزارهم شئ Imam Abu Ja'far Muhammad b. Ali, peace be upon them both said: "Whoever sets a balanced, just tradition, which is then followed by the people, he earns the reward of everyone who acts accordingly, without they losing anything from their rewards. And whoever sets an unjust tradition, which is then followed, he shall bear the burden of those who act accordingly, without any mitigation in the burdens of the followers." [Source: Al Amali - Sheikh Mufeed, 23th Assembly, Hadees no. 19]   Limitations in Azadari Now let’s see what’s the extent to which one can go in expressing his love towards the AhlulBait (عليه السلام). Following is what Quran says about the extent to which Prophet Yaqub (عليه السلام) went in mourning for this son Prophet Yusuf (as): وَتَوَلَّىٰ عَنْهُمْ وَقَالَ يَا أَسَفَىٰ عَلَىٰ يُوسُفَ وَابْيَضَّتْ عَيْنَاهُ مِنَ الْحُزْنِ فَهُوَ كَظِيمٌ And he turned away from them, and said: "How great is my grief for Yusuf" And his eyes became white with sorrow, and he fell into silent melancholy. (12:84) قَالُوا تَاللَّهِ تَفْتَأُ تَذْكُرُ يُوسُفَ حَتَّىٰ تَكُونَ حَرَضًا أَوْ تَكُونَ مِنَ الْهَالِكِينَ They said: "By Allah! (Never) wilt thou cease to remember Yusuf until thou reach the last extremity of illness, or until thou die!" (12:84) فَلَمَّا أَنْ جَاءَ الْبَشِيرُ أَلْقَاهُ عَلَىٰ وَجْهِهِ فَارْتَدَّ بَصِيرًا قَالَ أَلَمْ أَقُلْ لَكُمْ إِنِّي أَعْلَمُ مِنَ اللَّهِ مَا لَا تَعْلَمُونَ Then when the bearer of the good news came, He cast (the shirt) over his face, and he forthwith regained clear sight. He said: “Did I not say to you, 'I know from Allah that which ye know not?" (12:96) From the above 2 verses we understand that Prophet Yaqub (عليه السلام) wept for Prophet Yusuf (عليه السلام) to such an extent that his eye sight was affected as it required a miracle in the form of the shirt of Prophet Yusuf (عليه السلام) to cure it. Also the mourning of Prophet Yaqub (عليه السلام) was such that his other sons got the impression that he would get himself extremely ill or killed because of mourning. The above verse of the Holy Quran clearly defines the permissible extent for mourning. Another narration on putting one's life in danger not for Imam Husain (عليه السلام) but for the Ziyarah of Imam Husain (as): Part of long narration from Imam Sadiq (عليه السلام) teaching a Ziyarah of Imam Husain (as): السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يا وَليَّ اللهِ ، السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يا أبا عَبْدِاللهِ ، أنْتَ لي جُنَّةٌ مِنَ الْعَذابِ ، وَهذا أوانُ أنْصِرافي عَنْكَ ؛ غَيرَ راغِبٍ عَنْكَ ، وَلا مُسْتَبْدِلٍ بِكَ سِواكَ ، وَلا مؤثِرٍ عَلَيْكَ غَيرَكَ ، وَلا زاهِدٍ في قُرْبِكَ ، جُدْتُ بِنَفْسي لِلْحَدَثانِ ، وَتَرَكْتُ الاُهْلَ وَالأوطانَ ، فَكُنْ لي يَومَ حاجَتي وَفَقْرِي ، وَفاقَتي ، يَومَ لا يُغْني عَنّي والِدي وَلا وَلَدي ، وَلا حَميمِي ولا قَرِيبي "Salam upon You, O'Wali of Allah. Salam upon You, O'Aba Abdillah. You are my protection from the chastisement. This is the time for me to leave You although I am not abandoning you, And I am not replacing You with anyone other than You. And I am not giving preference to someone else over you. And have not lost the desire to be near you." "I have put myself in danger and left my family and homeland. Therefore be there for me on the day of my need, poverty, and neediness, the day when my parents, my children, my intimate friends, my companions, and my relatives will not help me." [Source: Kamil Al-Ziyarat, Chapter. 84, Hadees. 2] Wassalam.
    • (Assalamualaikum) Taken from https://www.marefateahlebait.com/ Imam Hussain (عليه السلام) and Karbala   The Month of Muharram قال امام الرضا عليه السلام: كان أبي صلوات اللّه عليه إذا دخل شهر المحرم لا يرى‏ ضاحكا و كانت الكآبة تغلب عليه حتّى يمضي منه عشرة أيام، فإذا كان يوم العاشر كان ذلك اليوم يوم مصيبته و حزنه و بكائه، و يقول: هو اليوم الذي قتل فيه الحسين عليه السلام Imam Ridha (عليه السلام) said, "With the advent of the month of Muharram, my father Imam Kadhim (عليه السلام) would never be seen laughing; gloom and sadness would overcome him for (the first) ten days of the month; and when the tenth day of the month would dawn, it would be a day of tragedy, grief and weeping for him and He would say, "This is the day on which Imam Hussain (عليه السلام) was killed". [Source: al-Amaali, Shaikh Saduq, Pg. 128] No day like Ashura!!! Narrated from Imam Sadiq (عليه السلام) from his Father (عليه السلام) from his Grandfather (عليه السلام): أن حسين بن علي بن أبي طالب (عليه السلام) دخل يوما على الحسن (عليه السلام) فلما نظر إليه بكى فقال ما يبكيك قال أبكي لما يصنع بك فقال الحسن (عليه السلام) إن الذي يؤتى إلي سم يدس إلي فأقتل به و لكن لا يوم كيومك يا أبا عبد الله Hussain Ibn Ali Ibn Abi Talib (عليه السلام) entered on the day of (Martyrdom) Al-Hassan (عليه السلام) and wept when he looked at him. Imam Hassan (عليه السلام) said: What makes you cry, he said Al-Hassan (peace be upon him) that which is brought to you (Poison) Imam Hassan (عليه السلام) said: "And there is no day like your day O Aba Abdillah." [Source: Al-Lahoof - Sayed ibn Taoos Pg.25] Wassalam
    • Which Marja do you follow? I'm sure they have different opinions. Office of Ayatollah Sistani: https://www.sistani.org/english/qa/search/812/
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