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In the Name of God بسم الله
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Our duty against Bid'ah


shuaybi

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Needless to say, before we can perform our duty against bid'ah, the pre-requisite step is to be able to see and identify it. How many people are aware of the dangers of bid'ah but due to lack of understanding are nevertheless a victim of it. The reason is that bid'ah is extremely deceptive - it is disguised as a praiseworthy act that promises to earn abundant reward for the performer and bring him closer to Ahlul Bayt (عليه السلام). The deception is increased because we see each and every Shia around us performing these acts. To add to this, the popular scholars keep promoting bid'ah as their standing and livelihood depends on it. 

It is sad to say that bid'ah has been so strongly established in the Shia religion that the actions performed under it are now considered to be pillars and foundation of religion. Anyone who dares speak against these actions risks being ridiculed and ostracized. If a Shia were to give up all the innovations practiced in the name of religion, he would find himself isolated, cut-off and lonely. But such is the path on which a true Shia must tread in order to prove his loyalty to Ahlul Bayt (عليه السلام).

Please refer to our previous two articles on bid'ah:

    Definition and Scope of Bid’ah
    Dangers of Bid’ah


Scholars must speak against bid'ah

Quote

رسولُ الله صلى الله عليه وآله : إذا ظهَرتِ البِدعُ في اُمّتي فلْيُظهِرِ العالِمُ علمَهُ ، فمَن لَم يَفعلْ فعَلَيهِ لَعنةُ اللّهِ

Rasool Allah (s) said: When the innovations appear in my community (ummah), the scholar must manifest his knowledge (I.e. speak against them). So the one who does not do so, upon him be the curse of Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى).

[Al Kafi V 1 – The Book Of Intellect and Ignorance CH 19 H 2]

Quote

امام على عليه السلام : أفضَلُ عِبادِ الله إمامٌ عادِلٌ، هُدِِِىَ، فَأقامَ سُنَّةً مَعلومَةً، وأماتَ بِدعَةً مَجهولَةً

Imam Ali (عليه السلام) said: The most virtuous of Allah's servants near Allah is a just leader, who is guided and guides others, and who has established the known traditions, and who has abolished the doubtful/problematic (majhool) innovations.

[Nahjul Balagha, Serman 164]

Quote

رسولُ الله صلى الله عليه وآله : من أتى ذا بدْعةٍ فعطَّمهُ فإنَّما يَسْعى في هَدْمِ الإسلام

Rasool Allah (s) said: If one comes across an innovation and appreciates it (sides with it), so rather he has assisted in the demolition of Al Islam

[Al Kafi V 1 – The Book Of Intellect and Ignorance CH 19 H 3]


We must disassociate from the people of bid'ah
Below is a very strong hadith that highlights the danger of bid'ah.

Quote

مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي نَصْرٍ عَنْ دَاوُدَ بْنِ سِرْحَانَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ص إِذَا رَأَيْتُمْ أَهْلَ الرَّيْبِ وَ الْبِدَعِ مِنْ بَعْدِي فَأَظْهِرُوا الْبَرَاءَةَ مِنْهُمْ وَ أَكْثِرُوا مِنْ سَبِّهِمْ وَ الْقَوْلَ فِيهِمْ وَ الْوَقِيعَةَ وَ بَاهِتُوهُمْ كَيْلَا يَطْمَعُوا فِي الْفَسَادِ فِي الْإِسْلَامِ وَ يَحْذَرَهُمُ النَّاسُ وَ لَا يَتَعَلَّمُوا مِنْ بِدَعِهِمْ يَكْتُبِ اللَّهُ لَكُمْ بِذَلِكَ الْحَسَنَاتِ وَ يَرْفَعْ لَكُمْ بِهِ الدَّرَجَاتِ فِي الْآخِرَةِ

The Messenger of Allah (s) said: When you will find people of bid'ah (innovation) and doubt/suspicion after me, do baraa' (disassociate) from them and increase in your insults (sabihim) to them, and oppose (them) and bring evidences against them so they may not become greedy in bringing fasaad (corruption) to Islam. You must warn people against them and do not learn their bid'ah (innovation). Allah will write for you hasanaat (good deeds) for this, and will raise you darajaat (levels) in the next life.

[Al Kafi V 2 – The Book Of Belief and Disbelief CH 163 H 4]

Quote

أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الْأَشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ أَبِي نَجْرَانَ عَنْ عُمَرَ بْنِ يَزِيدَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع أَنَّهُ قَالَ لَا تَصْحَبُوا أَهْلَ الْبِدَعِ وَ لَا تُجَالِسُوهُمْ فَتَصِيرُوا عِنْدَ النَّاسِ كَوَاحِدٍ مِنْهُمْ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ص الْمَرْءُ عَلَى دِينِ خَلِيلِهِ وَ قَرِينِهِ

Abu Abd Allaah (عليه السلام) said: Do not befriend the Ahl Al-Bid'ah (People of Innovation), and do not sit with them, so you may become like one of them (according) to the people. The Messenger of Allaah (s) said: A man is upon the religion of his friends and associates.

[Al Kafi V 2 – The Book Of Belief and Disbelief CH 163 H 3]


Aabid vs Aalim

Quote

رسولُ الله صلى الله عليه وآله :  فَضلُ العالِمِ عَلى العابِدِ بِسَبعينَ دَرَجَةً، بَينَ كُلِّ دَرَجَتَينِ حُضْرُ الفَرَسِ سَبعينَ عاماً ؛ و ذلكَ أنَّ الشّيطانَ يَضَعُ البِدْعَةَ لِلنّاسِ فيُبصِرُها العالِمُ فَينهى عَنها، و العابِدُ مُقبِلٌ عَلى عِبادَتِهِ لا يَتَوَجَّهُ لَها و لايَعرِفُها

The Prophet (s) said: The knowledgeable man (aalim) is superior to the worshipper (aabid) by seventy degrees, the distance between two degrees spanning the gallop of a horse for seventy years; and this is because Satan plants an innovation (bid'ah) amongst the people which the knowledgeable man (aalim) notices and prohibits, whilst the worshipper attends to his worship neither taking any notice of it nor recognizing it.

[Rawdhat al Waaizin, #17]


An Aalim abolishes bid'ah because of his knowledge of the hadith. His knowledge leads him to limit his actions to those dictated by the Ahlul Bayt (عليه السلام) and will never overstep the defined boundaries. Of all the popular speakers today who are quick to jump on to the Mimbar, how many are true Aalims as defined by Ahlul Bayt (عليه السلام)?

(Also published on blog: https://ahlulbaytmission.org/2019/08/24/our-duty-against-bidah/)

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Completely agree. Reading about the severity of innovation is what opened up my eyes initially and then I started analysing our stance towards innovation and acts in our practise not justified by the sources. Acts that I myself used to perform.

Shia love to quote "everything is allowed unless explicitly forbidden" but I don't think they actually understand what that means [me included]. The problem I find with that hadith in principle as mentioned once before, is why the act of congregational tarawih had to be performed before it was outlawed [as per Sunni narrations, not sure about Shi'I text]? Had congregational tarawih not been performed in front of divine eyes, would we have not had a judgement passed on it?

So the question arises, how many more acts in religion have we innovated which haven't taken place before divine eyes and so it is impossible to know of their permissibility and whether it brings us closer or takes us further away from Allah's pleasure. Because had congregational tarawih not taken place at that time and thus hadn't been outlawed, we'd probably be performing it ourselves today thinking; "What harm is there in reading tarawih together?!"

As for the scholar, while I don't hold a grudge against any, I do not trust them either. A family member of mine, who has studied in hawza for over 10 years and is a devout muqallid of one such very popular scholar told me something interesting once. He told me that a community said to that scholar that "if you don't give us permission to use khums money towards our matrimonial services then we will stop giving you khums money altogether". And thus that scholar agreed. And here I am to entrust my neck upon such scholar?

It has affected me so much that I'm even doubting the hadith science and want to stick to the absolute basics as laid out in the Qur'an. With the amount of forgeries, contradictions, discrepancies, accounts attributed to taqiyyah, etc. the hadith corpus doesn't fill me with certainty. One positive to come out of this test is that I've gotten closer to the Qur'an, which I had neglected and abandoned before.

May Allah guide us all.

Fi Amanillah

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  • Advanced Member
5 hours ago, Jaane Rabb said:

It has affected me so much that I'm even doubting the hadith science and want to stick to the absolute basics as laid out in the Qur'an. With the amount of forgeries, contradictions, discrepancies, accounts attributed to taqiyyah, etc. the hadith corpus doesn't fill me with certainty. One positive to come out of this test is that I've gotten closer to the Qur'an, which I had neglected and abandoned before.

Br Jaane Rabb -

Even the Qur'an can only be understood through the hadith of Ahlul Bayt (عليه السلام). 

The allegation of hadith corruption is overplayed. The corruption is minor and detectable easily through simple litmus tests which the Imams (عليه السلام) have shown.

Please refer to the following article on my blog: https://ahlulbaytmission.org/2016/10/18/resolving-disparities-in-hadith/

Also refer to: https://ahlulbaytmission.org/about/

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