The narrations below are part of a long tradition which I started yesterday https://www.shiachat.com/forum/blogs/entry/413-faith-assigned-to-the-face-and-heart-of-humans/
I wanted to post the whole narration in three parts and finish it tomorrow but it's Shab e Jumah (friday night) here today and as I was reading Dua Kumayl I came across some lines which I will mention at the end which made me post all of it on Shab e Jumah as the narration goes so well with this dua of friday night.
Allah has made incumbent upon the tongue to speak and express that to which the heart has contracted and attested. Allah, Glorified and Exalted be His name, has said: 'you shall speak good words to people' - 2:83 and 'Say, '' we believe in that which has been revealed to us and revealed to you, and our God and your God is One, and to Him do we submit" ' - 29:46 So this is the duty that Allah has made incumbent upon the tongue.
As for the duty that He has made incumbent upon the ears, it is to refrain from listening t0 that which Allah has forbidden, and to abstain from Allah's prohibitions that are unlawful and from listening to what Allah has abased, and,regarding this, Allah has said: 'And indeed He has revealed to you in the Book that when you hear Allah's communications being disbelieved and mocked, do not sit with such people until they enter into some other discourse' - 4:140
and then He excludes listening to such discourse owing to forgetfulness and heedlessness, saying: 'And if the Shaytan causes you to forget,then do not sit after recollection with the unjust people' -6:68
and He has said: 'Therefore give good news to My servants, those who listen to the word and follow the best of it;those are they whom Allah has guided and those it is who are the men of understanding' - 39:17,18
And: Successful indeed are the believers, who are humble in their prayers, and who keep aloof from vain talk, and who are givers of the poor rate - 23:1-4
and: 'When they hear idle talk they turn aside form it' - 28:55
and : 'When they pass by vain talk, they pass by it nobly' - 25:72
This is the portion of faith that Allah has made incumbent upon the ears,that they should not listen to what is not permissible, and this is their duty.
And He has enjoined that the eyes should not look at anything that Allah has forbidden, and that they should turn away from unlawful things that Allah has prohibited them to look at, and this is their duty in acquiring faith.
And regarding this Allah has said: 'And say to the believing men that they cast down their looks and guard their private parts' - 24:30
and He has said: 'And say to the believing women that they cast down their looks and guard their private parts' - 24:31 that is from anybody looking at them, and to cast down their gazes from looking at other's private parts.
All the other verses of the Quran referring to guarding one's private parts imply guarding them from fornication;however,these two verses specifically imply guarding them from being looked at.
Allah has mentioned all the duties that are incumbent upon the heart, the eyes and the tongue in one verse, saying: 'And you did not use to veil yourselves lest your ears and your eyes and your skins should bear witness against you' - 41:22 Skins here mean private parts and thighs.
And He has said: 'And do not follow that of which you have no knowledge;surely the hearing and the sight and the heart, all of these shall be questioned about that' - 17:36
This is the duty that Allah has made incumbent upon the eyes - to lower the gaze, and this is their portion for acquiring faith.
And on the hands he has charged that they should not be used to strike anything unlawfully, and that they must be used to strike only that which Allah has ordered.He has also ordained for them to give charity, and to bring reconciliation between near kin, and to strive in the way of Allah, and to be purified for prayer(salat), as He has said: 'O you who believe!When you rise up for prayer, wash your faces and your hands as far as the elbows, and wipe your heads and your feet to the ankles' - 5:6
and: 'So when you encounter in battle those who disbelieve, then smite their necks until you have overcome them,then make them prisoners,and afterwards either set them free as a favour, or let them ransom themselves until the war ends' - 47:4
This is what Allah has made incumbent upon hands, as in striking in action for them.
And he has charged that the legs should not be use to walk towards any transgression of Allah's laws, and He has made incumbent upon them to walk to what pleases Allah, Mighty and Exalted, as He has said: 'And do not go about in the land exultingly, for indeed you cannot cut through the earth nor reach the mountain in height'- 17:37
and: 'And pursue the right course in your going about, and lower your voice;surely the most hateful of voices is the braying of the donkey' - 31:19.
Regarding the hands and the feet testifying against themselves and those who had control of them(i,e the people), for having wasted their limbs in doing other than that which Allah had commanded, He says: 'On that day We will set a seal upon their mouths, and their hands shall speak to Us, and their feet shall bear witness of what they had earned' - 36:65.
This is what Allah has enjoined on both the hands and the feet, and it is their portion of faith. al-Kafi,V.2, p.28,no.1.
And finally the lines from the beautiful Dua e Kumayl which I talked about earlier.
O Allah, my Master and my Lord!
أَتُرَاكَ مُعَذِّبِي بِنَارِكَ بَعْدَ تَوْحِيدِكَ
Canst You see Yourself tormenting me with Your fire after I have professed Your Unity
وَبَعْدَ مَا انْطَوَى عَلَيْهِ قَلْبِي مِن مَّعْرِفَتِكَ
And after the knowledge of You my heart has embraced,
وَلَهِجَ بِهِ لِسَانِي مِنْ ذِكْرِكَ
And the remembrance of You my tongue has constantly mentioned
وَاعْتَقَدَهُ ضَمِيرِي مِنْ حُبِّكَ
And the love of You to which my mind has clung,
وَبَعْدَ صِدْقِ اعْتِرَافِي وَدُعَائِي خَاضِعاً لِّرُبُوبِيَّتِكَ
And after the sincerity of my confession and my supplication, humble before Your lordship?
هَيْهَاتَ أَنتَ أَكْرَمُ مِنْ أَن تُضَيِّعَ مَن رَّبَّيْتَهُ
Far be it from You! You art more generous than that You shouldst squander him whom You hast nurtured,
أَوْ تُبْعِدَ مَنْ أَدْنَيْتَهُ
Or banish him whom You hast brought nigh,
أَوْ تُشَرِّدَ مَنْ آوَيْتَهُ
Or drive away him whom You hast given an abode
أَوْ تُسْلِّمَ إِلىَ الْبلاءِ مَن كَفَيْتَهُ وَرَحِمْتَهُ
Or submit to tribulation him whom You hast spared and shown mercy.
وَلَيْتَ شِعْرِي يَا سَيِّدِي وَإِلَهِي وَمَوْلاي
Would that I knew, my Master, My God and my Protector,
أَتُسَلِّطُ النَّارَ عَلَى وُجُوهٍ خَرَّتْ لِعَظَمَتِكَ سَاجِدَةً
Whether You wilt give the Fire dominion over faces fallen down prostrate before Your Tremendousness,
وَّعَلَى أَلْسُنٍ نَّطَقَتْ بِتَوْحِيدِكَ صَادِقَةً وَّبِشُكْرِكَ مَادِحَةً
And over tongues voicing sincerely the profession of Your Unity and giving thanks to You in praise,
وَّعَلَى قُلُوبٍ اعْتَرَفَتْ بِإِلَهِيَّتِكَ مُحَقِّقَةً
And over hearts acknowledging Your Divinity through verification,
وَّعَلَى ضَمَائِرَ حَوَتْ مِنَ الْعِلْمِ بِكَ حَتَّى صَارَتْ خَاشِعَةً
And over minds encompassing knowledge of You until they have become humble
وَّعَلَى جَواِرحَ سَعَتْ إِلَى أَوْطَانِ تَعَبُّدِكَ طَائِعَةً وَّأَشَارَتْ بِاسْتِغْفَارِكَ مُذْعِنَةً
And over bodily members speeding to the places of Your worship in obedience and beckoning for Your forgiveness in submission.
مَّا هَكَذَا الظَّنُّ بِكَ وَلا أُخْبِرْنَا بِفَضْلِكَ عَنكَ
No such opinion is held of You! Nor has such been reported - thanks to Your bounty — concerning You,
يَا كَرِيمُ، يَا رَبِّ
O All-generous! My Lord,
May Allahسُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى keep us all guided on the right path.