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In the Name of God بسم الله
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About this blog

General Observations, scribbles, comments, glosses (annotations), critiques, doodles, or illuminations while translating Mu'jam al-Ahadith al-Mu'tabara of Shaykh al-Muhsini.

Entries in this blog

Blood on Hisham b. al-Hakam's Hands

Was Hisham Responsible for the Murder of al-Kadhim?   Hisham Culpable There exist narrations in our sources which hold Hisham responsible (directly or indirectly) for the murder of al-Kadhim عليه السلام by the Abbasid authorities. He stands accused of continuing to engage in public debate despite an explicit order from the Imam for him to refrain from doing that. He went on making waves in Baghdad such that the authorities took notice of the Shia and extended their talons towards

Islamic Salvation

Islamic Salvation

God = A Body Unlike Other Bodies?

كان من غلمان أبي شاكر الزنديق، وهو جسمي ردي He was a student of Abi Shakir the Zindiq and a wretched corporealist - Sa’d b. Abdallah al-Qummi (d. 301) was not a fan of Hisham   A Body Unlike Other bodies Would not considering God to be a body be likening Him to his creatures (who happen to be bodies)? It is to avoid this that Hisham formulated his compromise as demonstrated in the report below: محمد بن أبي عبدالله، عن محمد بن إسماعيل، عن علي بن العباس، عن الحسن ابن

Islamic Salvation

Islamic Salvation

Hisham b. al-Hakam - God is a body?

وأول من عرف في الإسلام أنه قال إن الله جسم هو هشام بن الحكم The First person in Islam known to have said ‘Allah is a Body’ is Hisham b. al-Hakam (Ibn Taymiyya) اليهود أكثرهم مشبّهة وكان بدء ظهور التّشبيه في الإسلام من الرّوافض مثل هشام بن الحكم The Jews are mostly anthropomorphists. The beginning of anthropomorphism in Islam is via the Rawafidh such as Hisham b. al-Hakam (Fakhr al-Diin al-Razi)   Hisham Accused Proto-Sunni heresiographical sources describe Hisham as

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Islamic Salvation

The Madhhab of Hisham?

دعا له الصادق عليه السلام فقال: أقول لك ما قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم لحسان: لا تزال مؤيدا بروح القدس ما نصرتنا بلسانك I say to you what the Messenger of Allah said to Hassan b. Thabit: You will never stop being aided by the Holy Spirit so long as you keep defending us by your tongue [Imam al-Sadiq supplicates for Hisham b. al-Hakam]   Hisham b. al-Hakam: Founder of a Theological School (Pt. 2)   A Sect? A number of proto-Sunni heresiographical works list

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Islamic Salvation

Hisham b. al-Hakam: Defender of the Madhhab (Pt 1)

ورفعه الصادق عليه السلام في الشيوخ وهو غلام. وقال: هذا ناصرنا بقلبه ولسانه ويده al-Sadiq عليه السلام elevated him to be at par with the elders while he was still a youth. He said: This is our defender by his heart, tongue and hand [Manaqib of Ibn Shahr Ashub]   Hisham b. al-Hakam: The Defender of the Madhhab (Pt. 1)   Biographical Details هشام بن الحكم أصله كوفي، ومولده ومنشؤه بواسط، وقد رأيت داره بواسط، وتجارته ببغداد في الكرخ، وداره عند قصر وضاح في الطريق الذي يأ

Islamic Salvation

Islamic Salvation

Mufadhal b. Umar: Sinner or Saint?

اكتب وبث علمك في إخوانك، فإن مت فأورث كتبك بنيك Write down and spread your knowledge among your brothers. And if you are about to die then will your books to your children [What the Imam al-Sadiq is supposed to have said to al-Mufadhal]   فلما انصرفت إلى الكوفة أقبلت علي الشيعة فمزقوني كل ممزق، يأكلون لحمي ويشتمون عرضي، حتى أن بعضهم استقبلني فوثب في وجهي، وبعضهم قعد لي في سكك الكوفة يريد ضربي، ورموني بكل بهتان When I reached Kufa and met the Shia, they tore me to shreds, eati

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Islamic Salvation

Ghulu: The Case of Mughira the Sorcerer

وكان يخرج إلى المقبرة فيتكلم فيرى أمثال الجراد على القبور Mughira used to  go to the graveyard and intone something. Insects like locusts would then be seen crawling over the graves أول من سمعته يتنقص أبا بكر وعمر المغيرة المصلوب The first person I heard abusing Aba Bakr and Umar was al-Mughira the Crucified   Life Sketch al-Mughira b. Sai’d al-Bajali was a blind Mawla (non-Arab origin) of Khalid al-Qasri, the governor of Iraq under the Umayyads. He claimed to be a

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Islamic Salvation

The Greatest Companion of the Two Imams

يقول لك جعفر بن محمد: ما حملك على أن رددت شهادة رجل أعرف بأحكام الله منك و أعلم بسيرة رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم منك  Ja’far b. Muhammad says to you - what made you reject the witness of a man [i.e. Muhammad b. Muslim] who is more aware of the Ahkam of Allah than you and more knowledgeable about the Sirah of the Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم than you!? [Imam al-Sadiq challenging Ibn Abi Layla who was the Qadhi of Kufa] فما يمنعك من محمد بن مسلم الثقفي فإنه قد سمع من

Islamic Salvation

Islamic Salvation

Born Through the Dua of the Imam

Born Through the Dua of the Imam Abu Ja'far Muhammad b. Ali b. al-Husayn b. Musa b. Babawayh, famously known as Shaykh al-Saduq (d. 381), is not a new name to Shi’i readers. He was a great Hadith scholar whose magnum opus Man La Yahdhuruhu al-Faqih is considered one of the Four books. Less commonly known about him is that he was born through the supplication of the Twelfth Imam. His father Ali b. al-Husayn was not granted off-spring from his first wife for many years. He decided to sen

Islamic Salvation

Islamic Salvation

The “Imam” who Killed al-Kadhim [as]

إذا وصلته وقطعني قطع الله أجله If I maintain my ties with him and he cuts me off then Allah will cut off his life-time [Imam al-Kadhim about Muhammad b. Ismail]   Introduction We all know of the summons of Imam Musa al-Kadhim to Baghdad in the year 179 by Harun al-Rashid, his subsequent imprisonment and ultimate death in the year 183. But what is less well known is the role of one of the relatives of the Imam, specifically his nephew Muhammad b. Ismail in bringing this tragic

Islamic Salvation

Islamic Salvation

Reliable Narrations: Intellect and Knowledge

A small collection of 82 reliable narrations concerning Intellect and Knowledge translated into English with annotated footnotes.  Download PDF: https://www.scribd.com/document/361632457/Book-of-Intellect-and-Knowledge-Mu-jam-1-1 This is an UNSECURED version to aid copy and paste.   Preamble The first book of the first volume is the book of Intellect and Knowledge. Some short words on the Islamic conception of both is in order. Aql is the vehicle through which the i

Islamic Salvation

Islamic Salvation

Uthman the ‘brother’ of Ali?

ذهبت ولم تلبس منها بشيء The prophet when the body of Uthman passed by: “You have gone without involving yourself in any of it (the Dunya)”     A Monastic Life? Uthman loved to worship Allah, this reached such an extent that he decided to lead a monastic lifestyle and disengage himself from all the fleeting things of this world including conjugal relations. The prophet intervened to explain to him why that would be against the Sunna. - Abi Abdillah عليه السلام said: The wife o

Islamic Salvation

Islamic Salvation

Uthman b. Madh`un - The Righteous Predecessor

السلام على عثمان بن أمير المؤمنين، سمِي عثمان بن مظعون Peace be upon Uthman the son of the Commander of the faithful, the namesake of Uthman b. Madh`un [The Final Imam in Ziyarat al-Nahiya]            الَّذِينَ يَظُنُّونَ أَنَّهُمْ مُلَاقُو رَبِّهِمْ وَأَنَّهُمْ إِلَيْهِ رَاجِعُونَ نزلت في علي عليه السلام وعثمان بن مظعون وعمار بن ياسر وأصحاب لهم           “Those who are assured that they are going to meet their Lord and that they are to be returned to Him” (2:46) was revealed abo

Islamic Salvation

Islamic Salvation

Reliable Narration: Wilaya and Thaqalayn

Introduction It is sometimes claimed that the Shia do not have reliable narrations from their own books for the centerpieces of their faith. All this does is expose the ignorance of the claimant. Below is one such reliable narration which includes parts of the prophet’s speech when returning from Hijjatul Wida. It includes both Hadith al-Wilaya and Thaqalayn. This is not to say that this event relies on the analysis of an individual chain, in fact, it is so widely dispersed in our corpus an

Islamic Salvation

Islamic Salvation

Did the Imam Curse Zurara?

قال أبو عبد الله عليه السلام: رحم الله زرارة بن أعين لو لا زرارة و نظراؤه لاندرست أحاديث أبي عليه السلام Abu Abdillah عليه السلام said: May Allah have mercy on Zurara b. A`yan, if it was not for Zurara and his peers the narrations of my father عليه السلام would have perished سمعت أبا عبد اللّه عليه السلام يقول: لعن اللّه زرارة! I heard Aba Abdillah عليه السلام saying: may Allah curse Zurara!   Did the Imam Curse Zurara? Zurara is such an important narrator in the Ma

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Islamic Salvation

The Coin of al-Rida [Image Inside]

The Coin of al-Rida Historical accounts and reports in our books of Hadith confirm that al-Ma`mun had coins minted in the name of al-Ridha after appointing him as his crown prince. These became a collectors item among the Shia being considered portents of Tabarruk especially to be carried during a journey. The Imam would bestow this as a memento to some of the believing Shia who came to visit him. The Shia were pacified by this move of al-Ma`mun and many of them had expectations that t

Islamic Salvation

Islamic Salvation

An Instance of Imami Ta`wil

An Instance of Imami Ta`wil There is a difference between Tafsir and Ta`wil. The Qur'an has many interpretive layers and no one knows them all except Allah himself and the 'Rasikhuna fil Ilm' [those deeply entrenched in knowledge]. Below is one instance of the Imam unveiling an inner meaning of a part of the verse which is not at all apparent upon a literal reading. It should make us all take a step back from the claim that we can fully understand the Qur`an without their guidance.

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Islamic Salvation

Abu Amra al-Ansari - A Forgotten Man Pt. II

Abu Amra al-Ansari - A Forgotten Man in Early Shi`ism   “I Swear to Thee … Obedience unto Death” و عدّه البرقي في أولياء أصحاب أمير المؤمنين عليه السّلام و في شرطة خميسه Al-Barqi confirms that he was among the closest companions of the commander of the faithful عليه السّلام and adds that he was part of his Shurta al-Khamis. There has been an ongoing debate about the etymology of Shurta al-Khamis and its origins. The most convincing explanation is that Khamis, meanin

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Islamic Salvation

Abu Amra al-Ansari - A Forgotten Man Pt. I

Abu Amra al-Ansari - A Forgotten Man in Early Shi`ism قلت لأبي عبد الله عليه السلام: ارتد الناس إلا ثلاثة: أبو ذر، و سلمان، و المقداد؟ قال: فقال أبو عبد الله عليه السلام: فأين ... أبو عمرة الأنصاري؟ I said to Abi Abdillah عليه السلام: all the people turned back except for three - Abu Dhar, Salman and Miqdad? Abu Abdillah عليه السلام said: so where is … Abu Amra al-Ansari?   Who was Abu Amra? There exists Ikthilaf over the real name of Abu Amra among the scholars but it i

Islamic Salvation

Islamic Salvation

Et tu, Ismail? Pt. 2

Some Glimpes of Ismail b. Ja`far in Twelver Sources   His Boldness towards his Father Ismail was very daring in his interaction with the Imam. So much so that he could directly contradict his father to his face. جعفر بن أحمد بن أيوب، عن أحمد بن الحسن الميثمي، عن أبي نجيح، عن الفيض بن المختار، وعنه، عن علي بن إسماعيل، عن أبي نجيح، عن الفيض، قال: قلت لأبي عبد الله عليه السلام: جعلت فداك، ما تقول في الأرض، أتقبلها من السلطان ثم أؤاجرها آخرين على أن ما أخرج الله منها من شئ، كان م

Et tu, Ismail? Pt. 1

Some Glimpes of Ismail b. Ja`far in Twelver Sources When dealing with a historical figure, that is to say, with an individual who lived ages ago, and in a socio-cultural milieu quite different from us, we must acknowledge the difficulties of trying to answer such questions about them as - who were they? what motivated them? etc. Who can trace the subtle changes that unfailingly occur over a life time while penetrating the barrier of inner thought? This is compounded when we have access to o

Islamic Salvation

Islamic Salvation

Did the Sahaba become Kafir?

هلك الناس أجمعون قلت: من في الشرق و من في الغرب؟ قال: فقال: إنها فتحت على الضلال All the people were destroyed. I said: whomever was in the east and the west? he said: it (the whole earth) was opened up to misguidance هلكوا إلا ثلاثة ثم لحق أبو ساسان و عمار و شتيرة و أبو عمرة فصاروا سبعة All were destroyed except three - then they were joined by Abu Sasan, Ammar, Shatira and Abu Amra, so they became seven [Ja`far al-Sadiq]   Did the Sahaba Apostatize? There are narr

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Islamic Salvation

Possessionist Imamology

إن بيانا تراءى له الشيطان في أحسن ما يكون صورة آدمي من قرنه إلى سرته The Devil appeared to Bayan in the most handsome form that a human can have from the top of the head to the navel [Ja`far al-Sadiq] God caused the holy pre-existent spirit which had created the whole of creation to dwell in flesh that He desired  [Shepherd of Hermas] He keeps appearing every now and again ... he takes Adam’s clothes off and puts it on again [Epiphanius]   Bayan b. Sam`an and the Bayaniy

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Islamic Salvation

Distress Sales

المسلم أخو المسلم لا يظلمه ولا يخذله، إن كان عندك معروف، فعد به على أخيك وإلا فلا تزده هلاكا إلى هلاكه The Muslim is a brother of a Muslim, he is not unfair with him nor does he cheat him, If you want to make him a good turn then hand it over to your brother, and if not then do not contribute to his financial destruction [The Messenger of God]   The Real Wolves of Wall-Street Pt. II   « ويبايع المضطر – وقد نهى رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله عن بيع المضطر »  <&

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Islamic Salvation

The Derivatives Time Bomb

ثم يكون ملكا عضوضا يشربون الخمور ويلبسون الحرير ويستحلون الفروج وينصرون ويرزقون حتى يأتيهم أمر الله Then will come a tyrannical regime, they will imbibe wine, wear silk and promote lewdness And they will win for a while and be given sustenance until suddenly the affair of God will come to them [The Messenger of God] The Real Wolves of Wall-Street Pt. III   « وعن بيع الغرر » << and [also prohibited] the deceptive sale >> The whole Hadith has als

Islamic Salvation

Islamic Salvation

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