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Maulana Azad


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#1 Changed

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Posted 06 August 2006 - 08:40 AM

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Maulana Abul Kalam Azad one of the Muslim leaders to oppose partition, other one to be named Maulana Muhammed Ali etc, aap ke nazarie me battaiyye?.

Recently, in Tehran, Iran a highway was named after Maulana Azad.

He tried his best to prevent Muslims from leaving India and succeded better than Pakistan that is to say even in those days Muslim in India were more than in Pakistan.

His political status was un-matchable and unique among all Muslim as well among Hindu leaders of that time.

His best work in my opinion is translation of Qur'an in Urdu.

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“Meri taswer ke ye naqsh zara gaur se dekh
Is mein ik daur ki tarikh nazar ayegi”

- Maulana Azad






His biography in short:

Born: November 11, 1888, Makka
Died: February 22, 1958
Achievements: Started a weekly journal Al Hilal to increase the revolutionary recruits amongst the Muslims; elected as Congress President in 1923 and 1940; became independent India's first education minister.

Maulana Abul Kalam Azad's real name was Abul Kalam Ghulam Muhiyuddin. He was popularly known as Maulana Azad. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was one of the foremost leaders of Indian freedom struggle. He was also a renowned scholar, and poet. Maulana Azad was well versed in many languages viz. Arabic, English, Urdu, Hindi, Persian and Bengali. Maulana Azad was a brilliant debater, as indicated by his name, Abul Kalam, which literally means "lord of dialogue". He adopted the pen name 'Azad' as a mark of his mental emancipation from a narrow view of religion and life. Maulana Azad became independent India's first education minister. For his invaluable contribution to the nation, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was posthumously awarded India's highest civilian honour, Bharat Ratna in 1992.

Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was born on November 11, 1888 in Mecca. His forefather's came from Herat (a city in Afghanistan) in Babar's days. Azad was a descendent of a lineage of learned Muslim scholars, or maulanas. His mother was an Arab and the daughter of Sheikh Mohammad Zaher Watri and his father, Maulana Khairuddin, was a Bengali Muslim of Afghan origins. Khairuddin left India during the Sepoy Mutiny and proceeded to Mecca and settled there. He came back to Calcutta with his family in 1890.

Because of his orthodox family background Azad had to pursue traditional Islamic education. He was taught at home, first by his father and later by appointed teachers who were eminent in their respective fields. Azad learned Arabic and Persian first and then philosophy, geometry, mathematics and algebra. He also learnt English, world history, and politics through self study.

Azad was trained and educated to become a clergyman. He wrote many works, reinterpreting the Holy Quran. His erudition led him to repudiate Taqliq or the tradition of conformity and accept the principle of Tajdid or innovation. He developed interest in the pan-Islamic doctrines of Jamaluddin Afghani and the Aligarh thought of Sir Syed Ahmed Khan. Imbued with the pan-Islamic spirit, he visited Afghanistan, Iraq, Egypt, Syria and Turkey. In Iraq he met the exiled revolutionaries who were fighting to establish a constitutional government in Iran. In Egypt he met Shaikh Muhammad Abduh and Saeed Pasha and other revolutionary activists of the Arab world. He had a first hand knowledge of the ideals and spirit of the Young Turks in Constantinople. All these contacts metamorphosed him into a nationalist revolutionary.

On his return from abroad, Azad met two leading revolutionaries of Bengal- Aurobindo Ghosh and Sri Shyam Shundar Chakravarty,-and joined the revolutionary movement against British rule. Azad found that the revolutionary activities were restricted to Bengal and Bihar. Within two years, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, helped setup secret revolutionary centers all over north India and Bombay. During that time most of his revolutionaries were anti-Muslim because they felt that the British Government was using the Muslim community against India's freedom struggle. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad tried to convince his colleagues to shed their hostility towards Muslims.

In 1912, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad started a weekly journal in Urdu called Al Hilal to increase the revolutionary recruits amongst the Muslims. Al-Hilal played an important role in forging Hindu-Muslim unity after the bad blood created between the two communities in the aftermath of Morley-Minto reforms. Al Hilal became a revolutionary mouthpiece ventilating extremist views. The government regarded Al Hilal as propogator of secessionist views and banned it in 1914. Maulana Azad then started another weekly called Al-Balagh with the same mission of propagating Indian nationalism and revolutionary ideas based on Hindu-Muslim unity. In 1916, the government banned this paper too and expelled Maulana Abul Kalam Azad from Calcutta and interned him at Ranchi from where he was released after the First World War in 1920.

After his release, Azad roused the Muslim community through the Khilafat Movement. The aim of the movement was to re-instate the Khalifa as the head of British captured Turkey. Maulana Azad supported Non-Cooperation Movement started by Gandhiji and entered Indian National Congress in 1920. He was elected as the president of the special session of the Congress in Delhi (1923). Maulana Azad was again arrested in 1930 for violation of the salt laws as part of Gandhiji's Salt Satyagraha. He was put in Meerut jail for a year and a half. Maulana Azad became the president of Congress in 1940 (Ramgarh) and remained in the post till 1946. He was a staunch opponent of partition and supported a confederation of autonomous provinces with their own constitutions but common defence and economy. Partition hurt him greatly and shattered his dream of an unified nation where Hindus and Muslims can co-exist and prosper together.

Maulana Abul Kalam Azad served as the Minister of Education in Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru's cabinet from 1947 to 1958. He died of a stroke on February 22, 1958.

Edited by Mazher's, 06 August 2006 - 08:58 AM.


#2 Rawshni

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Posted 06 August 2006 - 08:59 AM

^

He was one of the greatest Indains of his time, no doubt about that

#3 Peer

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Posted 09 August 2006 - 04:22 AM

Parlay darjay ke ___ thay qibla..

Qibla ko unke garweedah "Hindustan ke Ibne Taymiyyah" keh kar yaad kartay hain. Qibla Kaba is khushnasibi ke unki mayyat per ronay Pundit Nehru aye thay.

#4 Aasee

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Posted 09 August 2006 - 02:07 PM

^

What's your point?

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Posted 10 August 2006 - 04:49 AM

^

What's your point?


Yeh ke mazhabi aitbar say woh Ibne Taymiyyah thay Hindustan ke, aur Siyasi aitbar say Nehru jeso'n ke rufaqa. Qibla o Kaba.

#6 Changed

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Posted 17 August 2006 - 06:33 AM

Parlay darjay ke ___ thay qibla..

Qibla ko unke garweedah "Hindustan ke Ibne Taymiyyah" keh kar yaad kartay hain. Qibla Kaba is khushnasibi ke unki mayyat per ronay Pundit Nehru aye thay.


Thik usi tarha jis tarha Pakistan ( jiska matlab La ilaha il Allah) uska tarana likhne Jinnah ne Jagannath ko badi sanjidge se yaad farmaya tha, Jinnah ke nazar me Pakistan ke musalman shayero ki kya ahmiyat thi isi baat se pata lagaya ja sakta hae. Allah ka Karam hae Allama Iqbal ne bhi yehi likha tha ke Sare jaha se acha Hindusitan hamara.


Yeh ke mazhabi aitbar say woh Ibne Taymiyyah thay Hindustan ke, aur Siyasi aitbar say Nehru jeso'n ke rufaqa. Qibla o Kaba.


Aap ko pata hona chahiye ke jab Allama Iqbal ne apne Shikwe ko Allahabad council me padh kar sunaya tha tab aap ke nazariye ke muazziz, muallim aur mohtaram logo ne un par bhi Kufr bakne aur Kafir hone ka fatwa lagaya tha.

Aur waqai aesa hae to mujhe lagta hae Iran ke kisi important highway ka naam bhi badal kar Ibne Taimiyyah rakh dena chahiye, kyu?

Waese ek aur baat mae aap ko zehn nashin karana chahta hu ke Pakistan me aese lakho shakhs maujod hae jo ek taraf Ibne Taimiyyah ki itteba karte hae aur dusri taraf Pakistan ke Qaside ( shaad baad) padhte nazar aate hae, unke bare me aap ka kya khayal hae?

Edited by Mazher's, 17 August 2006 - 06:40 AM.


#7 baqar

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Posted 17 November 2006 - 06:45 PM

Parlay darjay ke ___ thay qibla..

Qibla ko unke garweedah "Hindustan ke Ibne Taymiyyah" keh kar yaad kartay hain. Qibla Kaba is khushnasibi ke unki mayyat per ronay Pundit Nehru aye thay.



Jinnah should have listened to him and no blood would have been split.

#8 miqdadnaqvi

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Posted 18 November 2006 - 06:11 AM

^
sunaa hai (aik TV programme main) molana sb. ghulam ahmad qadiyani se bhi badey mutasir thay.... :cry:

#9 baqar

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Posted 18 November 2006 - 02:08 PM

sunaa hai (aik TV programme main) molana sb. ghulam ahmad qadiyani se bhi badey mutasir thay

That TV program must have been from Pakistan. Pakistani historians, in collusion with the government, have trid to change the history of the sub-continent.

#10 Rawshni

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Posted 18 November 2006 - 02:45 PM

Congressi honay kee wajeh say Mawlana Abul Kalaam Aazad kou rajj kay badnaam kiya gyaa.

Iss mein koyee shubeh naheen keh ghayr munqasim hindustan nay jo barray aadmee paida kiye, Abul Kalaam Azaad bohat qad aawar thay. Mohibb-e-watan thay, aur awaam dost . . .

That TV program must have been from Pakistan. Pakistani historians, in collusion with the government, have trid to change the history of the sub-continent.


The trouble is, truth has a nasty habit of staying alive . . .

Edited by Rawshni, 18 November 2006 - 02:45 PM.


#11 Peer

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Posted 19 November 2006 - 04:37 PM

That TV program must have been from Pakistan. Pakistani historians, in collusion with the government, have trid to change the history of the sub-continent.



Hy Allah, dekho to Shah jee sheeshay ki haveli me beth kar itni waddi waddi batein kartay hain. :D

#12 Rawshni

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Posted 19 November 2006 - 04:41 PM

^

Whatever.


Uss nay kahaa saheeh hai, bhalaya India mein bhee aisey hotaa hai

That does not mean Pakistan mein aisa hona saheeh hai

#13 miqdadnaqvi

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Posted 20 November 2006 - 03:31 AM

That TV program must have been from Pakistan. Pakistani historians, in collusion with the government, have trid to change the history of the sub-continent.



Congressi honay kee wajeh say Mawlana Abul Kalaam Aazad kou rajj kay badnaam kiya gyaa.

Iss mein koyee shubeh naheen keh ghayr munqasim hindustan nay jo barray aadmee paida kiye, Abul Kalaam Azaad bohat qad aawar thay. Mohibb-e-watan thay, aur awaam dost . . .
The trouble is, truth has a nasty habit of staying alive . . .


nahi g! jo main ne baat ki hai woh mashhoor hai....Molana Azad mirza qadiani k mautaqid thay....jin dino'n main mirzaa qadiani meraa woh aik magzine "wakeel" amritser k editor thay aur unho'n ne aisey comments kiya thaa... qadiyani iss reference ko bazaat e hud istemaal kertey hai'n....... Baqi aap taqseem e hind per jo marzi kaho mjuhay no tension.....

At the time of the death of Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, he was acting as the editor of a well-known Muslim newspaper, the Wakeel of Amritsar. below extracts from the lengthy obituary of Hazrat Mirza that Maulana Abul Kalam Azad wrote in it:

"That man, that very great man, whose pen was a magic wand and whose tongue spell-binding; that man whose brain was a complex of wonders, whose eye could revive the dying and whose call aroused those in the graves, whose fingers held the wires of revolution and whose fists were electrical batteries; that man who for thirty years was an earthquake and typhoon for the religious world, who, like the trumpet of Doomsday, awakened those lost in the slumber of life, he has left the world empty-handed. This bitter death, this cup of poison, which entrusted the deceased to dust, will remain on thousands, nay millions of tongues, as words of bitter disappointment and regret. The stroke of death which slaughtered, along with one who was very much alive, the hope and longings of many, and the wails it raises of lament, will remain in memories for a long time to come.
"The demise of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad Sahib of Qadian is not such an event that a lesson should not be learnt from it, nor should it be consigned to the passage of time to efface. Such people who produce a religious or intellectual revolution are not born often. These sons of history, in whom it rightly takes pride, appear but barely on the world scene, and when they do they bring about a revolution for all to see.
"Mirza Sahib appeared in the front line of devotees who, for the cause of Islam, accepted the dedication to sacrifice their time from the cradle, through the springs and autumns, to their graves in fulfilling the pledge of loyalty to their beautiful beloved Islam.

"The literature produced by Mirza Sahib in his confrontation with the Christians and the Aryas has received the seal of general approval, and for this distinction he needs no introduction. We have to acknowledge the value and greatness of this literature from the bottom of our hearts, now that it has done its work. This is because that time cannot be forgotten nor effaced from the mind when Islam was besieged by attacks on all sides, and the Muslims, who had been entrusted with the defence of Islam by the Real Defender, as the means of defence in this world of means and causes, were lying flat sobbing in the aftermath of their shortcomings, doing nothing for Islam or not being able to do anything for it.

"On the one hand, the extent of attacks was such that the entire Christian world, considering the lamp of Islamic spirituality to be a great hurdle in the way of their progress, wanted to extinguish it completely, and the great forces of intellect and wealth were eager to give them all out support in this onslaught. On the other hand, the state of weakness of the defence was such that there were no arrows even to fend off the artillery. In fact, there did not exist any sign of defence or counter-offensive whatsoever."

"Then began that counter-attack from the side of the Muslims in which Mirza Sahib had a part. That defence not only shattered to pieces the initial influence of Christianity, which it really had due to support from the government, and saved thousands, nay millions of Muslims from this dangerous attack which would have succeeded, but the talisman of Christianity itself was blown away like smoke.

"By turning the defence into an offensive mode he has made the vanquished the victor. Today, if we overlook our new and old differences and consider only the service to Islam as the ultimate purpose - than even in the very life of that over-zealous Bishop who, being oblivious of the intrinsic power of Islam, and who, while speaking on the fiftieth anniversary of a Christian Mission, had evinced an unworthy desire to make the Grand Mosque of Delhi the venue of the next Jubilee celebrations - a time has come when the spiritual conquests of Islam may turn the Cathedral of Saint Paul into a house of worship of God instead of a place for worshipping Jesus and his mother; and in lieu of the tolling of church bells, the divine chant of the Kalimah-i Shahadat (I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship except Allah, and I bear witness that Muhammad is His servant and His messenger) may reverberate in the air."

"So, this service rendered by Mirza Sahib will place the coming generations under a debt of gratitude, in that he fulfilled his duty to the defence of Islam by joining the front rank of those engaged in the jihad by the pen, and he left behind him as a memorial such literature as will last so long as Muslims have blood flowing in their veins and the urge to support Islam remains their prominent national characteristic. Besides this, Mirza Sahib performed a very special service for Islam by crushing the poisonous fangs of the Arya Samaj.... His writings against the Arya Samaj shed clear light on the claim that, however much the scope of our defence will be widened in the future, it is impossible that these writings could ever be overlooked."

"Natural intelligence, application and dexterity, and continuous debates, had lent Mirza Sahib a special splendour. He had vast knowledge, not only of his own religion, but also of other religions. And he was able to use his vast knowledge with great finesse. In the art of preaching and teaching, he had acquired such accomplishment that the person whom he addressed, of whatever understanding or religion, was thrown into deep thought by his spontaneous reply. India, today, is an exhibition house of religions, and the number of great and small faiths found here, along with their mutual struggles which announce their existence, cannot be matched anywhere else in the world. Mirza Sahib's claim was that he was the arbiter and judge for them all, but there is no doubt that he possessed a special talent to make Islam pre-eminent among all these religions. This was due to his natural ability, taste for study, and hard work. It is not likely that a man of this grandeur will be born again in the Indian sub-continent, a man who will devote his highest desires in this way to the study of religions."

(Wakeel, Amritsar)

#14 Rawshni

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Posted 21 November 2006 - 06:38 PM

^


SO?

#15 miqdadnaqvi

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Posted 22 November 2006 - 08:00 AM

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abb hor kia keroo'n? is it not enough?
aap log apni maghaz maari jaari rakho.... :P

#16 hussainak

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Posted 22 November 2006 - 10:32 AM

sounds like a great man

#17 Rawshni

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Posted 22 November 2006 - 03:12 PM

^
abb hor kia keroo'n? is it not enough?
aap log apni maghaz maari jaari rakho.... :P



Iss say Maulaana Aazaad kee azmat peh kyaa asar parrtaa hai?

#18 miqdadnaqvi

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Posted 22 November 2006 - 03:16 PM

^
pata nahi paRhta hai ya nahi
beherhaal unki zaat k mutaliq aik fact tha main ne keh dia buss...

#19 Rawshni

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Posted 22 November 2006 - 03:19 PM

^


Bohat bohat dhanevvad

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Posted 22 November 2006 - 03:24 PM

Aap ke opinions ko Aap ke khayaalaat hona chaiyye.

Shayed, is liye Hindustan aur Pakistan ka batwaara hua.

Edited by DjibrilCisse, 22 November 2006 - 03:24 PM.


#21 miqdadnaqvi

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Posted 22 November 2006 - 03:25 PM

^


Bohat bohat dhanevvad


Badi munkasir al mizajiii hai aaj
Allah khair kerey :P

Edited by miqdadnaqvi, 22 November 2006 - 03:48 PM.


#22 Rawshni

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Posted 22 November 2006 - 03:26 PM

^


Hindustan klay batwaaray kee wahein bohat see hain; sabb say barre wajeh uss mein 2 hain

Angrez kee haraamzadgee, aur 900 saal takk Hindustaan kee watnee aabaadyoun parr ghair hindustaani musulmaan hakimoun kaa zulm o jabr

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Posted 22 November 2006 - 03:35 PM

Rawshni beghum, aapki paak zabaan se itne acche acche baatein kayse nikal rahe hai!?

Edited by DjibrilCisse, 22 November 2006 - 03:56 PM.


#24 Rawshni

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Posted 22 November 2006 - 03:41 PM

^
Sach bolnaa farz hai bhaee

#25 Panzerwaffe

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Posted 03 December 2006 - 06:59 PM

his opinion on muslim unity is admirable and partition he opposed understandable ...but how can muslims live with hindus ?
isnt it our duty to convert or exile them as Prophet did to the idolaters in Makkah ....obviously i dont expect the present day indian muslims to do that ...it should have been done by the muslims kings who ruled india



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