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Imam Hasan al-Askari (AS)


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#1 Ali Mahdi

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Posted 17 April 2005 - 10:35 AM

11th Imam - Imam Hasan ibn Ali (al-Askari)

Name: al-Hasan
Father's Name: Ali ibne Mohammad
Mother's Name: Umm al-Walad - Susan
Kunyah (Patronymic): Abu Mohammad
Title: al-Askari
Date/Place of Birth: 8th Rabi as-Sani, 232 AH. 12/3/846 A.D. at Madinah
(or 24 Rabi al-Awwal)
Date of Death/Martyrdom: 8th Rabi al-Awwal, 260 AH., Fri 1/1/874 A.D
at Samarra, Iraq
Age: 28
Cause of Martyrdom: Poison
Place of Burial: Samarra', Iraq

Imam Hasan al-Askari's (as) life from childhood to adulthood was spent in this house where his father Imam Ali an-Naqi (as) was to remain under house arrest. But despite this close guard on the Imam, he conducted his duties as Imam from inside the house. He taught people Qur'an and instructed his followers the true teachings of Islam as taught by the Prophet of Islam and his Ahl al-Bayt. In fact Imam Hasan al-Askari wrote a complete Tafsir of the Qur'an which was mentioned by many scholars, historians and exegetes, including Kolayni and Sadouq.


In the six years of his Imamate several attempts were made on his life. On the 1st of Rabi al-Awwal 260 AH. Mo'tamed arranged for Imam to be poisoned in prison and then sent him home. Imam was in great pain and difficulty for 8 days. On the 8th of Rabi al-Awwal he asked his son, the 12th Imam, to bring him some water and then leave him. He died that day and was given ghosl and kafan by his son, the 12th Imam.

The funeral prayers were led by the 12th Imam and it was then that a lot of Shiah's saw him for the first time. A large number of people attended the funeral and he is buried in Samarra.

Our Eleventh Imam was buried in the same house where he had died, by the side of his father Imam Ali an-Naqi (as). By the passage of time, the place was transformed into a great mausoleum and pilgrims from all over the Islamic lands came to pay their homage to the two Imams of Ahl al-Bayt who were buried there. It was 8th Rabi al-Awwal 260 Hijri when our Twelfth Imam led the
funeral prayer of his father Imam Hasan al-Askari (as). He was only Five years old, yet the whole crowd of Muslims including the Abbasid Khalifah of that time al-Mo'tamed followed the young Imam without question. Once the prayers were over and the Imam went inside the house, that the Khalifah realised the full implication and significance of the occasion and he immediately ordered his soldiers to enter the house and search for the young Imam. They did not find any one inside the house. The Khalifah was very angry at this incompetence of ministers and other officials who were unable to find a boy of five who had just led the prayers and had just disappeared. The Khalifah had no inkling of the secrets that God did not want to reveal. He went back to his palace and into the luxurious life of a playboy king while the world around him squeezed his empire into oblivion. The Imam's period of lesser concealment began immediately after he led the funeral prayers and disappeared inside the house. This was in the year 260 Hijri.

#2 Noor ayny Ya Hussein

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Posted 17 April 2005 - 10:43 AM

(bismillah)

(salam)

Ahsent brother. Atham Allah ujoorena we ujoorekum. Sincerest condolences to our awaited leader, Imam al-Hujjah Ibn Hassan (atf), and to all those who love our beloved Prophet (pbuh) and his pure Progeny (as)

Wasalaam

#3 Ali Mahdi

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Posted 17 April 2005 - 11:02 AM

Imam Hasan al-Askari

Imam Hasan al-Askari (as), the Son of the 10th Imam, was born in 232 AH, and martyred by Mo'tamed, the Abbasid caliph (according to some Shiah narrations). Imam Hasan al-Askari (as) was selected as the Muslims' Imam after the death of his honourable father.

The period of his Imamate was about 7 years. For the pressure of Abbasid caliphs, Imam tried not to have any relation with people, except some of his friends.

The reasons of this severe pressure were: first, at that time the number and the power of Shiah groups were increased.

Second, the acceptance of Imamte by Shiah was clear for everyone. Third, Shiah Imams would be recognized, and would be killed by Abbasid caliphs.

The Caliphs knew that the 11th Imam had a son (according to some narrations) who was Mahdi (May God hasten his glad advent).

Therefore Abbasid caliphs controlled the 11th Imam, more than other Imams. They decided to put an end to Imamate of the Shiah and close it forever. So, when Mo'tamed was informed that the 11th Imam was sick, he sent a doctor to him and also sent some of his close friends and judges to visit him and always controlled Imam to be aware of what was happening in his home.

After the martyrdom of the Imam, the caliph's officers tried to find his son but they became hopeless. After his death, Imam was burried in his house besides his honorable father's grave in Samarra.



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