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Salaam Aleikum,

So I was reading Quranic verses where Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى states:

“And whosoever does not judge by what Allah has revealed (then) such (people) are the Fasiqoon (the rebellious i.e. disobedient (of a lesser degree) to Allah” [al-Maa’idah 5:44]

“Have you seen those (hyprocrites) who claim that they believe in that which has been sent down to you, and that which was sent down before you, and they wish to go for judgement (in their disputes) to the Taghoot (false judges, etc.) while they have been ordered to reject them. But Shaitan (Satan) wishes to lead them far astray” [an-Nisa’ 4:60].

Does this not necessitate that when possible, we actually need to create an Islamic Government that need to practiced by all Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى laws even when our Imam (as) is in occultation? This system will prevent any Fasiq to take in power of country and thus make their own laws that is not harmonious with Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى laws.

Edited by Abu Nur

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29 minutes ago, kirtc said:

what do think WF is?

This is not about WF brother. I want to understand about the necessity to have Islamic Government, so we can be judged and practiced by all Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى laws which Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى have made wajib upon us. I don't understand for example Iraq that is almost 99 % of Muslims and still we have a secular government that have been influenced with corruption. Is it not necessary for the Muslim in Iraq to create Islamic Government that follows the Quranic verses al-Maa’idah 5:44 and an-Nisa’ 4:60?

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3 hours ago, kirtc said:

what do think WF is?

WF is a governance system of Shia Islam, which is appling Jaffari Law. Before the reappearance of Imam (A.S) this system is preparing and nurturing how to support Imam (A.S). Human made system like Khailfat, Demoracy, Communism, Captilism and Dectorship has failed miserably to govern people. They had only given this world economic hit men and terrioirsts. Currently with the ijma of scholars, a shia governmance system is given to the world, which has yet proved to the best system who is fighting against oppression before the reapprance of Imam (A.S).

Edited by SIAR14

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4 hours ago, Abu Nur said:

And whosoever does not judge by what Allah has revealed (then) such (people) are the Fasiqoon (the rebellious i.e. disobedient (of a lesser degree) to Allah” [al-Maa’idah 5:44]

It was in previous Ramzan I was reading these verses too, I also noted these verses are supporting Islamic government. There are other verses which condem people who don't govern according to will of Allah.

 

5:45 And in it We prescribed for them: a life for a life, an eye for an eye, a nose for a nose, and an ear for an ear, a tooth for a tooth, and retaliation for wounds. Yet whoever remits it out of charity, that shall be an atonement for him. Those who do not judge by what Allah has sent down —it is they who are the wrongdoers.

 

5:47 Let the people of the Evangel judge by what Allah has sent down in it. Those who do not judge by what Allah has sent down —it is they who are the transgressors.

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Chapter 3: Aim of the Islamic Government

Implementation of Islam inside the country aims to:

• Create an ideal Muslim community with its distinct features and elements and safeguard its independence in the various domains: political, economic, cultural, etc.
• Provide Islamic Freedoms17 in the various domains: manufacturing, agriculture, trade, press, media, etc. taking lead from the basic principles:

“People are masters of their own wealth and lives”18, as stated by the Prophet (P) and
“Let there be no compulsion in religion, Truth stands out clear from Error.”19

• Reject any law which is in contradiction to Islam,
• Eradicating decadence, crime, and corruption,
• Eliminate illiteracy and ignorance,
• Fight against poverty and raising the standard of living,
• Eradicate disease and illness throughout the society through preventative means and provide nation-wide health service,
• Establish the institution of social justice,
• Unite the Muslim community under one banner and overcome divisions and discriminations in any shape or form,
• Provide the country with the best defense system against outside aggression, “Make ready your strength to the utmost
of your power.”20
• Safeguard Islamic values and establish its laws in all corners of the land,
• Lead the society forward in all the domains and fundamentals of life,
• Provide the opportunity for all individuals, groups, organisations  to compete in the above tasks;
“Be quick in the race for forgiveness from your Lord.”21 and
“Race each other towards all that is good.”22

 

17 M. Shirazi, “The New Order for the World of Faith, Freedom, Prosperity and
Peace”, and
M. Shirazi, “al-Fiqh series”, vol. 138, “The Freedoms”.
18 M. B. Majlesi (ed.), “Seas of Lights”, 110 vols., vol. 2, p 272.
19 The 
holy Qur'an, The Cow (2): 256.
20 The 
holy Qur'an, The Public Estate (8): 60.
21 The 
holy Qur'an, The Family of Imran (3): 133.

22 The Holy Qur'an, The Table Spread (5): 48.

 

source:

 Imam Muhammad Shirazi
The Islamic System of Government

Page 10-12

Edited by Heavenly_Silk
Changed page numbers as requested.

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Islamic Government’s Income

Article 31

The Islamic government’s sources of income are:

  • Khums Duty of 20% levied on untaxed, superfluous annual income30.
  • Zakat Duty on nine items when over certain limit31.
  • Jizyah Duty paid by Non-Muslims32.
  • Khiraj The income from letting a particular category of land.33

This is in addition to any business and trade activities the government may engage in - provided the extent of such activities do not deprive or damage the interest of the public - as defined in the Islamic jurisprudence.

Article 32

There is no tax in Islam other than the four mentioned above. The government or any other person may not obtain any money  from an individual by force, since

“People are the masters of their own wealth”.

The exception to this is that, in emergency cases, the government may seek permission from the Head of State or the leadership council to endorse the imposition of a particular levy (for a limited time). In such cases, exceptional measures are taken as deemed necessary for the circumstances.


Article 33

The government has no right to confiscate the wealth of the individuals under any pretext. Also, the government may not, under the pretext of land or agricultural reforms, take away land and farms from their owners as “Possession is 9/10ths of the law”.If it was proved that an individual has been usurped of anything, the judiciary must return it back to the owner and not anyone else.


Article 34

The government’s income is held in the “Bayt-el-Maal” or the Central Bank and is spent in the interest of the Muslims. The money surplus to requirement should be returned to the public, the Islamic System of Government as the Prophet and Ameer-ul-Mu’mineen, Ali (PBUH) used todo.34

 

30 The taxed capital is not subjected to future Khums tax. Details in M. Shirazi, “al-Fiqh series”, vol. 33, “Khums”.
31 These items are Wheat, Barley, Dates, Raisins, Gold, Silver, Camels, Cows, and Sheep. Details in M. Shirazi, “al-Fiqh series”, vols. 29-32, “Zakat”.
32 This is the tax that is paid by the non-Muslims under the Islamic system. The non-Muslims do not pay either the Khums or the Zakat taxes. They are not obliged to join the armed forces to defend the Islamic State whereas the Muslims are.
The defense of the non-Muslims' lives, wealth, dignity etc. is the responsibility of the Islamic State. See M. Shirazi, “al-Fiqh series”, vol. 108,“Economics”; pp 41-42.
33 Details in M. Shirazi, “al-Fiqh series”, vol. 108, “Economics”.

34 The author is emphasizing that the money belongs to the public, and it must be returned back to the public in some way. Here the author is not specifying the mechanism of implementing this.

Source:

 Imam Muhammad Shirazi
The Islamic System of Government

Page 18-20

Edited by SIAR14

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27 minutes ago, SIAR14 said:
  • Khums Duty of 20% levied on untaxed, superfluous annual income30.
  • Zakat Duty on nine items when over certain limit31.
  • Jizyah Duty paid by Non-Muslims32.
  • Khiraj The income from letting a particular category of land.33

If people pay these taxes now we didn’t see any poverty in Islamic world 

Khums & Zakat is not paying by everybody now .

Jizayah is completely abondend .

Khiraj transformerd to tax system.

Historical Islamic Gov in Eu from sunni view 

https://youtu.be/TeGggIClD0o

 

Edited by Ashvazdanghe

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24 minutes ago, Ashvazdanghe said:

If people pay these taxes now we didn’t see any poverty in Islamic world 

Does Iran follow this Islamic Income system?

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Punishments

Many learned scholars have indicated that the punishments (Hadd) prescribed in the Holy Qur'an and the Teaching may not be exercised unless in the presence of al-Imam al-Mahdi
(PBUH)74. For this and other reasons75, (e.g. Article 47), these punishments must be postponed for some years, on the basis of

“Punishments are waived by uncertainties”76 and
“Do no mischief on the earth, after it has been set in order ...”77

The Hadd punishments may be replaced by other forms of punishments such as imprisonment, fine or deprivation of some of the rights such as driving, etc. This is so that the situation does not lead to anarchy and lawlessness. In all cases, such measures should be kept as minimal as possible, since the basic principle in mankind is freedom as well as respect to wealth and rights.

The level of such measures is recommended by the leadership council of religious scholars after consultation with other scholars, experts, party leaders, unions, and others concerned.

It is imperative that the measures and decisions are taken in the common interest of the public, the government, and Islam; taking into account the urgency of the "conflicting" issues involved on the basis of the "priority" principle. On such basis the Holy Prophet of Islam as well as Imam Ali, peace be upon them, did not execute many Hadd punishments. We have mentioned many of these cases in the book “The Islamic Government”78.

74 Al-Imam al-Mahdi is the last of the infallible Imams promised by the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) to emerge to bring peace and justice to this Earth. Some religious scholars would argue that we would not be able to establish such a perfect Islamic system of government so that the “Hadd” may be exercised. During the time of Al-Mahdi, however, this can be done.
75 M. Shirazi, “al-Fiqh series”, vols. 87-88, “Hudood”.
76ibid.
77 The Qur'an, The Heights (7): 56.

78 M. Shirazi, “al-Fiqh series”, vol. 102.

Source:

 Imam Muhammad Shirazi
The Islamic System of Government

Page 51-52

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1 hour ago, SIAR14 said:

Does Iran follow this Islamic Income system?

Only very religious people pay Khums & Zakat but rest of economic is based on oil money & taxes.it's still very far from Islamic economy right now.

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