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:bismillah:

Surah Al-Anfal, Verse 41:
وَاعْلَمُوا أَنَّمَا غَنِمْتُم مِّن شَيْءٍ فَأَنَّ لِلَّهِ خُمُسَهُ وَلِلرَّسُولِ وَلِذِي الْقُرْبَىٰ وَالْيَتَامَىٰ وَالْمَسَاكِينِ وَابْنِ السَّبِيلِ إِن كُنتُمْ آمَنتُم بِاللَّهِ وَمَا أَنزَلْنَا عَلَىٰ عَبْدِنَا يَوْمَ الْفُرْقَانِ يَوْمَ الْتَقَى الْجَمْعَانِ وَاللَّهُ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ

And know that whatever thing you gain, a fifth of it is for Allah and for the Apostle and for the near of kin and the orphans and the needy and the wayfarer, if you believe in Allah and in that which We revealed to Our servant, on the day of distinction, the day on which the two parties met; and Allah has power over all things.
(English - Shakir)

@justAnothermuslim

Here are your questions and the answers in brackets:

1. what is the day of distinction?

(The day of distinction is the day of the battle of Badr.)

2. who are the two parties mentioned?

(Muslims & Kuffar)

 

 

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28 minutes ago, Ashvazdanghe said:

Salam I think it can be refers also to Imam Mahdi (aj) & his battle with sofyani (la) after  reappearance too.

No, it is specific event.... that happened in Ramadhan. Either battle of badr or shab-e-zarbat

إِن كُنتُمْ آمَنتُمْ بِاللّهِ وَمَا أَنزَلْنَا عَلَى عَبْدِنَا يَوْمَ الْفُرْقَانِ يَوْمَ الْتَقَى الْجَمْعَانِ

And verse 42 is also referring to the battle of badr

إِذْ أَنْتُمْ بِالْعُدْوَةِ الدُّنْيَا وَهُمْ بِالْعُدْوَةِ الْقُصْوَىٰ وَالرَّكْبُ أَسْفَلَ مِنْكُمْ ۚ وَلَوْ تَوَاعَدْتُمْ لَاخْتَلَفْتُمْ فِي الْمِيعَادِ ۙ وَلَٰكِنْ لِيَقْضِيَ اللَّهُ أَمْرًا كَانَ مَفْعُولًا لِيَهْلِكَ مَنْ هَلَكَ عَنْ بَيِّنَةٍ وَيَحْيَىٰ مَنْ حَيَّ عَنْ بَيِّنَةٍ ۗ وَإِنَّ اللَّهَ لَسَمِيعٌ عَلِيمٌ

 When you were on the nearer side (of the valley) and they were on the farthest side, while the caravan was in a lower place than you; and if you had mutually made an appointment, you would certainly have broken away from the appointment, but-- in order that Allah might bring about a matter which was to be done, that he who would perish might perish by clear proof, and he who would live might live by clear proof; and most surely Allah is Hearing, Knowing; (8:42)

Aqa Mahdi Puya says:

The Quraysh wanted to save their caravan and then annihilate the Muslims; and the Muslims decided to let the caravan alone and defend against Quraysh army coming from Makka-and they confronted each other at Badr, an appointment made possible by the legislative, not creative, will of Allah, because the last portion of verse 42 makes it clear that by distinguishing between right and wrong, relying upon Allah's help, a correct decision was made by the Holy Prophet, which was the legislative will of Allah so that what Allah wanted to accomplish through this battle could become a criterion-those who had gone astray even after witnessing the clear sign did so by their own choice, and those who decided to follow the right path did so after seeing and understanding the evident proof.

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On 2/6/2018 at 2:15 AM, Salsabeel said:

:bismillah:

Surah Al-Anfal, Verse 41:
وَاعْلَمُوا أَنَّمَا غَنِمْتُم مِّن شَيْءٍ فَأَنَّ لِلَّهِ خُمُسَهُ وَلِلرَّسُولِ وَلِذِي الْقُرْبَىٰ وَالْيَتَامَىٰ وَالْمَسَاكِينِ وَابْنِ السَّبِيلِ إِن كُنتُمْ آمَنتُم بِاللَّهِ وَمَا أَنزَلْنَا عَلَىٰ عَبْدِنَا يَوْمَ الْفُرْقَانِ يَوْمَ الْتَقَى الْجَمْعَانِ وَاللَّهُ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ

And know that whatever thing you gain, a fifth of it is for Allah and for the Apostle and for the near of kin and the orphans and the needy and the wayfarer, if you believe in Allah and in that which We revealed to Our servant, on the day of distinction, the day on which the two parties met; and Allah has power over all things.
(English - Shakir)

@justAnothermuslim

Here are your questions and the answers in brackets:

1. what is the day of distinction?

(The day of distinction is the day of the battle of Badr.)

2. who are the two parties mentioned?

(Muslims & Kuffar)

thanks. do you have any idea, what was revealed on that day? also i found this:

From Is’haq Bin Amaar,

(It has been narrated) from Abu Abdullah asws having said: ‘The nineteenth of the Month of Ramazan is the day on which the two parties met [8:41]’. I said, ‘What is the Meaning of His azwj words: the day on which the two parties met [8:41]?’ He asws said: ‘There is gathered in it what He azwj Intends from what is to be brought forward, and it being delayed, and His azwj Intention, and its accomplishment’.

Tafsir al-'Iyashi

67 / 64 : 2 ‫العيّاشي‬ ‫تفسير‬

 

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7 hours ago, justAnothermuslim said:

thanks. do you have any idea, what was revealed on that day? also i found this:

You can find another hadith explaining this verse in tafseer hube ali. 
 

18 hours ago, Salsabeel said:

 When you were on the nearer side (of the valley) and they were on the farthest side, while the caravan was in a lower place than you; and if you had mutually made an appointment, you would certainly have broken away from the appointment, but-- in order that Allah might bring about a matter which was to be done, that he who would perish might perish by clear proof, and he who would live might live by clear proof; and most surely Allah is Hearing, Knowing; (8:42)

Aqa Mahdi Puya says:

The Quraysh wanted to save their caravan and then annihilate the Muslims; and the Muslims decided to let the caravan alone and defend against Quraysh army coming from Makka-and they confronted each other at Badr, an appointment made possible by the legislative, not creative, will of Allah, because the last portion of verse 42 makes it clear that by distinguishing between right and wrong, relying upon Allah's help, a correct decision was made by the Holy Prophet, which was the legislative will of Allah so that what Allah wanted to accomplish through this battle could become a criterion-those who had gone astray even after witnessing the clear sign did so by their own choice, and those who decided to follow the right path did so after seeing and understanding the evident proof.

 

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