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The Light

A few questions about prayers

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:bismillah:

:salam:

 

1- I've seen two different pronunciations for the tashahud, so I'm confused, because Arabic is not my mother tongue.

Which is correct "ash hadu ana muhammadan abduhu wa rasuluh" or "ash hadu ana muhammadan abdahu wa rasuluh"?

Is it abduhu or abdahu?

 

2- About praying loudly and silently.

I know that for fajr, all of it should be prayed loudly.

For dhuhr and asr, you pray silently all of it.

For maghrib and isha, the first two rakats are loud, and the rest is silent. 

The question is when you pray silently, should you say everything silently, including the niyat, takbeeratul ehram and the two surahs of the Quran?

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:salam:

 

2 hours ago, The Light said:

Which is correct "ash hadu ana muhammadan abduhu wa rasuluh" or "ash hadu ana muhammadan abdahu wa rasuluh"?

Is it abduhu or abdahu?

abduhu is the correct pronunciation. 

SOURCE

 

2 hours ago, The Light said:

2- About praying loudly and silently.

I know that for fajr, all of it should be prayed loudly.

For dhuhr and asr, you pray silently all of it.

For maghrib and isha, the first two rakats are loud, and the rest is silent. 

The question is when you pray silently, should you say everything silently, including the niyat, takbeeratul ehram and the two surahs of the Quran?

Only the Fatiha and the Surah should be prayed loudly/silently for Fajr, Dhur, Asr, Mughrib & Ishaa. The rest of the parts can be prayed however you like, silent or loud.

Here are rulings of Imam Khamenei on this:

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The Hamd and the surah of the zuhr and `asr prayers should be recited silently and it is only their basmalah which is mustahabb to be said loudly. 

 

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When performing salat al mughrib and ishaa, is it permissible to perform them with a loud voice from start till the end? 

It is a must for men to recite the Hamd and the surah in these two prayers loudly. 

 

 

 

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Does one need to recite the fatiha and the surah out loud during mughrib, isha and subuh even when praying them qada? 

They should be recited loudly in morning, maghrib and `isha' prayers even in qada' prayers. 

 

 

 

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If someone is sleeping next to you and you don't want to wake him up, are you allowed to recite the fajr quietly instead of loudly? 

That is invalid. 

 

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What is the rule regarding the prayers in which our recitation of al-Fātiḥah and the other chapter is not loud? 
It is obligatory for men to recite the chapter the Fātiḥah and the other chapter loudly in the morning, maghrib, and ‘ishā’ prayers, and their prayer is void if they intentionally recite them quietly, but if they do so unintentionally or out of ignorance, their prayer is correct.

 

 

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When you say it's obligatory to recite the fatiha and the chapter loudly in morning, mughrib and isha prayer, can one recite it in a quiet voice (not loud but not whispering)? Quiet voice as in loud enough just to hear yourself, and someone would have to be very close to you to hear you. 

The criterion of jahr (loud rectitation) is to express the voice’s substance

 

 

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رَوَى حَرِيزٌ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ ع فِي رَجُلٍ جَهَرَ فِيمَا لَا يَنْبَغِي الْإِجْهَارُ فِيهِ أَوْ أَخْفَى فِيمَا لَا يَنْبَغِي الْإِخْفَاءُ فِيهِ فَقَالَ أَيَّ ذَلِكَ فَعَلَ مُتَعَمِّداً فَقَدْ نَقَضَ صَلَاتَهُ وَ عَلَيْهِ الْإِعَادَةُ وَ إِنْ فَعَلَ ذَلِكَ نَاسِياً أَوْ سَاهِياً أَوْ لَا يَدْرِي فَلَا شَيْ‏ءَ عَلَيْهِ وَ قَدْ تَمَّتْ صَلَاتُهُ 
 
"About a man who (recites) aloud in that it is not appropriate to (recite) outloud in it, or reciting secretly (quietly) in that it is not appropriate to (recite) secretly (quietly). So he said: 'Whoever does that intentionally indeed his salaah is destroyed (void) and upon him is repeating it. And if he did that forgetfully, or unintentionally, or does not know, there is nothing upon him and indeed his prayer is complete" 

Source: 

·         Al-Sadooq, Man Laa YaHDuruh Al-Faqeeh, vol. 1, pg. 344, hadeeth # 1003 

·         Al-Toosi, Tahdheeb Al-aHkaam, vol. 2, ch. 9, pg. 162, hadeeth # 93 
Grading: 

·         Al-Majlisi said this hadeeth is SaHeeH 
--> Milaadh Al-Akhyaar, vol. 4, pg. 71 

 

As you can see, only the Fatiha and the Surah is important, and the rest of the parts in prayer does not matter whether you recite loud or quiet.

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