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A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad and Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad all from ibn Mahbub and Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn abu Nasr all from al-'Ala' from Muhammad ibn Muslim who has said the following:
 



"Once abu Ja'far, 'Alayhi al-Salam, made me read something from the books of Aii, 'Alayhi al-Salam. 
Therein I found this: T prohibit you from using eel for food, al-Zimir, (a certain kind of fish), Mar (snakefish)
mahi (something like fish)
, snake fish, dead fish floating on water and the spleen.' I then asked, 'O 
child of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah grant you kindness, 'People bring to us a kind of fish that 
has no scales.' He (the Imam) said, 'You can use for food of fish that which has scales and do not use 
for food the kind of fish which has no scales.'" 

http://www.fourshiabooks.com/hadith/al-kafi/23/12/1

http://www.fourshiabooks.com/results/fish

"I once asked abu 'Abd Allah, 'Alayhi al-Salam, saying, 'I pray to Allah to keep my soul in service for 
your cause, of fish which kind is edible?' He (the Imam) said, 'The kind of fish that has scales is 
edible.' I then asked, 'I pray to Allah to keep my soul in service for your cause, what do you say about 
al-Kan'at (a kind of fish with very little scales). He (the Imam) said, 'It is not unlawful to use it for 
food.' I then said, 'It does not have scales?' He (the Imam) said, 'Yes, it has scales but it is a bad 
mannered fish and it sticks to everything. If you look at the base of its ears you can find scales.'" 

http://www.fourshiabooks.com/hadith/al-kafi/23/12/2

shrimp is also Halal

The Prophet of Islam (PBUH) has declared that only shrimp &scaled fish have been declared lawful, because the shrimp is declared legally for the rest of his life in water and spawn in the same water.

https://www.mashreghnews.ir/news/581497/علت-حرام-گوشت-بودن-ماهیان-بدون-پولک-چیست

https://www.mashreghnews.ir/news/581497/علت-حرام-گوشت-بودن-ماهیان-بدون-پولک-چیست#ref=translate

 

Fish scales are dermally derived, specifically in the mesoderm.  the fish with full scale is Halal the others are haram

Fish scales

220px-Scale_Common_Roach.JPG
 
Cycloid scales on a common roach(Rutilus rutilus)
Main article: Fish scale

This fact distinguishes them from reptile scales paleontologically. Genetically, the same genes involved in tooth and hair development in mammals are also involved in scale development.[1]

Cosmoid scales

True cosmoid scales can only be found on the Sarcopterygians. The inner layer of the scale is made of lamellar bone. On top of this lies a layer of spongy or vascular bone and then a layer of dentine-like material called cosmine. The upper surface is keratin. The coelacanth has modified cosmoid scales that lack cosmine and are thinner than true cosmoid scales.

Ganoid scales

Ganoid scales can be found on gars (family Lepisosteidae), bichirs, and reedfishes (family Polypteridae). Ganoid scales are similar to cosmoid scales, but a layer of ganoin lies over the cosmine layer and under the enamel[clarification needed]. Ganoin scales are diamond shaped, shiny, and hard. Within the ganoin are guanine compounds, iridescent derivatives of guanine found in a DNA molecule.[2] The iridescent property of these chemicals provide the ganoin its shine.

Placoid scales

Placoid scales are found on cartilaginous fish including sharks. These scales, also called denticles, are similar in structure to teeth, and have one median spine and two lateral spines.

Leptoid scales

Leptoid scales are found on higher-order bony fish. As they grow they add concentric layers. They are arranged so as to overlap in a head-to-tail direction, like roof tiles, allowing a smoother flow of water over the body and therefore reducing drag.[3] They come in two forms:

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