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Salsabeel

لِلَّهِ الْأَمْرُ مِن قَبْلُ وَمِن بَعْدُ 30:4

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:bismillah:

فِي بِضْعِ سِنِينَ لِلَّهِ الْأَمْرُ مِن قَبْلُ وَمِن بَعْدُ وَيَوْمَئِذٍ يَفْرَحُ الْمُؤْمِنُونَ

30:4 Within a few years. Allah's is the command before and after; and on that day the believers shall rejoice.

What is this explanation of "min qabl wa min baad" (before and after) here in this verse?

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5 hours ago, Salsabeel said:

:bismillah:

فِي بِضْعِ سِنِينَ لِلَّهِ الْأَمْرُ مِن قَبْلُ وَمِن بَعْدُ وَيَوْمَئِذٍ يَفْرَحُ الْمُؤْمِنُونَ

30:4 Within a few years. Allah's is the command before and after; and on that day the believers shall rejoice.

What is this explanation of "min qabl wa min baad" (before and after) here in this verse?

Surah Ar-Room – Verses 1-5

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ

الم

غُلِبَتِ الرُّومُ

فِي أَدْنَي الاَرْضِ وَهُم مّـِن بَعْدِ غَلَبِهِمْ سَيَغْلِبُونَ

فِي بِضْعِ سِنِينَ لِلَّهِ الأَمْرُ مِن قَبْلُ وَمِنْ بَعْدُ وَيَوْمَئِذٍ يَفْرَحُ الْمُؤْمِنُونَ

بِنَصْرِ اللَّهِ يَنصُرُ مَن يَشَآءُ وَهُوَ الْعَزِيزُ الرَّحِيمُ

In The Name of Allah, The Beneficent, The Merciful

1. “’Alif ‘A’, Lam ‘L’, Mim ‘M’.”
2. “The Romans have been defeated.”
3. “In a near land, but they, after being defeated, will soon be victorious,”
4. “Within a few years. To Allah belongs the Command before and after, and on that day the believers shall rejoice.”
5. “With the help of Allah, He helps whom He pleases, and He is the Mighty, the Merciful.”

The abovementioned verses were revealed, saying decisively that though Iranians became victorious in that war, after a short time they would bear a failure from Romans. The Qur’an stated even the time of that prophecy and said that that event would happen during a few years.

“The Romans have been defeated.”

“In a near land…”

This failure occurs in a land near you, the people of Mecca, in the North of Arabia, in the land of Syria, the western Rome.

Then the verse adds:

“…but they, after being defeated, will soon be victorious,”

The Qur’anic sentence /sayaqlibun/ (they will soon be victorious) was enough for stating the purpose definitely, but the sentence /min ba‘d-i-qalabihim/ (after being defeated) has particularly been added to it in order that the importance of this victory becomes more manifest, because when a defeated group can overcome the enemy in its nearest and strongest boundaries and specially during a short time, it is something unexpectedly, and the Qur’an explicitly predicts this event.

Then, through the next holy verse, the Noble Qur’an states the approximate years of its occurrence, but saying:

“With in a few years…”

And we know that the Arabic word /bid‘/ means a figure at least ‘three’ and at most ‘nine’.

If we see that Allah (s.w.t.) predicts the future, it is because everything and every affair is in His authority whether before victory or after the victory of this defeated nation.

The verse says:

“…To Allah belongs the Command before and after…”

It is evident that everything being in Allah’s authority and by His command does not hinder our freedom and will for effort and endeavour and striving in the path of obtaining our aims.

In other words, this phrase does not intend to negate the authority of others, but it intends to make this matter clear that it is He Who is Mighty by Essence and is the absolute Owner, and whoever possesses anything he has it from His side.

Then the verse implies that if today that the Romans failed and the polytheists became happy, on that day when the Romans overcame the believers would become happy.

The verse continues saying:

“…and on that day the believers shall rejoice.”   Yes, by Allah’s help they will be happy.

The next Holy verse announces: “With the help of Allah, He helps whom He pleases, and He is the Mighty, the Merciful.”

Upon the objective meaning of the sentence: “On that day the believers shall rejoice”,

the commentators have delivered different ideas. Some of them have said that this rejoice is because of Roman’s victory, though they themselves were in the row of pagans, too, but since they had heavenly Book their victory over the Zoroastrians, who were polytheists, was one stage of victory of ‘Monotheism’ over ‘polytheism’.

In particular that the application of “With the help of Allah’ is in consonant with this meaning, too.

In short, the Muslims became happy from different points of view on that day because of the victory of the ‘People of the Book’ over the Zoroastrians, which was a scene of the victory of Monotheism against polytheism.

This happiness was because of spiritual victory for the appearance of the miracle of the Qur’an. Or it was for the sake of its simultaneous victory of Muslims, probably the peace of Hudaybiyyah or one of other conquests of the Muslims.

https://www.al-islam.org/enlightening-commentary-light-holy-quran-vol-14/section-1the-defeat-romans-prophesied#occasion-revelation

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12 hours ago, skyweb1987 said:

The verse says:

“…To Allah belongs the Command before and after…”

It is evident that everything being in Allah’s authority and by His command does not hinder our freedom and will for effort and endeavour and striving in the path of obtaining our aims.

In other words, this phrase does not intend to negate the authority of others, but it intends to make this matter clear that it is He Who is Mighty by Essence and is the absolute Owner, and whoever possesses anything he has it from His side.

Then the verse implies that if today that the Romans failed and the polytheists became happy, on that day when the Romans overcame the believers would become happy.

I am able to collect following hadith in explanation of this verse:

"The author of Saaqib Al-Manaqib, with his chain going up to Hashim Al-Ja’fary, from Muhammad Bin

Salih Al-Armany said,

‘I said to Abu Muhammad Al-Hassan Al-Askaryasws, ‘Make me to understand the

Words of Allahazwj the High [30:4] Allah's are the Commands before and after, so

heasws said: ‘Allahazwj’s is the Command before Heazwj Commands it, and from after

Heazwj Commands with whatsoever Heazwj so Desires to’

So I said to myself, ‘This is the explanation of the Words of Allahazwj [7:54] surely

His is the Creation and the Command; Blessed is Allah, the Lord of the

worlds’. So heasws turned towards me and said: ‘It is just as you are concealing it

within yourself [7:54] surely His is the Creation and the Command; Blessed is

Allah, the Lord of the worlds’.

I said, ‘I hereby testify that youasws are the Proofasws of Allahazwj, and a sonasws of the

Proofasws over Hisazwj servants’." (taken from Tafsir Hube Ali)
 

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9 hours ago, Salsabeel said:

I am able to collect following hadith in explanation of this verse:

"The author of Saaqib Al-Manaqib, with his chain going up to Hashim Al-Ja’fary, from Muhammad Bin

Salih Al-Armany said,

‘I said to Abu Muhammad Al-Hassan Al-Askaryasws, ‘Make me to understand the

Words of Allahazwj the High [30:4] Allah's are the Commands before and after, so

heasws said: ‘Allahazwj’s is the Command before Heazwj Commands it, and from after

Heazwj Commands with whatsoever Heazwj so Desires to’

So I said to myself, ‘This is the explanation of the Words of Allahazwj [7:54] surely

His is the Creation and the Command; Blessed is Allah, the Lord of the

worlds’. So heasws turned towards me and said: ‘It is just as you are concealing it

within yourself [7:54] surely His is the Creation and the Command; Blessed is

Allah, the Lord of the worlds’.

I said, ‘I hereby testify that youasws are the Proofasws of Allahazwj, and a sonasws of the

Proofasws over Hisazwj servants’." (taken from Tafsir Hube Ali)
 

May we find any authenticity of this hadith please? (taken from Tafsir Hube Ali)

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