Are you sure you want to do this?
The preservation of the Quran was supported by Saduq, Tusi, Sharif Murtada, and [arguably] Mufid; and it is the dominant position (near consensus) in the hawzas and among our maraji`. Yes, we have had scholars that believed in tahreef, so have Sunnis. Tahreef is a complex discussion that Sunnis simply don't want to deal with, and so instead they catastrophize and hurl accusations at others. Al-Albani said that Abdullah b. Mas`ud (ra) did not believe that al-Falaq and an-Nas were a part of the Quran - that is tahreef. All Sunnis believe that ayat ar-rajm has been abograted only from the recitation (naskh at-tilawa) - this is tahreef. All Sunnis believe that the qira'at of the Quran (7 mutawatir, 3 ahad) do not holistically represent the 7 ahruf, which means that aspects of the 7 ahruf are either lost or jumbled into the current qira'at - this is tahreef. Simply research the basic differences between the 7 qira'at, and you'll find places where they differ in meaning (and not just in "accent" or "recitation" or whatever) - call it what you want.
The position of all twelver Shi`a, whether or not they believe in tahreef, is that the mus`haf today is the word of God. We must use it in our prayers, recite from it, and we even receive baraka by looking at it. It is the main criterion by which our ahadith are authenticated. The narrations on tahreef even tell us to stick to this mus`haf, and that the Mahdi will bring the correct qira'a once he comes. In other words, the practice of those who believe or disbelieve in tahreef is identical.
You quote these verses as though none of our scholars have read them in the last 1200 years. First of all, tawassul is not even a Shia issue, it is an Islamic issue. There are Sunnis who practice tawassul, and there are Shias who do not practice tawassul.
Tawassul is often compared to shirk, but to be honest, there will always be an intermediary between one and God. The names of Allah are created and separate from Him, and our words, actions, and rituals are all mediums between us and Him. As Imam al-Hadi once said, we share no medium with Allah, because that would be tashbeeh. We are creation, and we interact with creation - the Creator in His Essence is only known though His created signs. The Infinite God acts through the finite. Allah gives life, by allowing His created Spirit to breathe a soul into our bodies. Allah ends life, by allowing His created angel to remove our soul from our bodies. Allah delivers rizq to us through created means. So tawassul and ziyara, like salat, zakat, sawm, hajj, and other good deeds, are ultimately a path to God. They are all different means through which He is reached. A truly "direct" relationship is not plausible. As long as one believes that all created things have no power in and of themselves, then tawassul can only be an intercession to God, and not calling on a separate deity. Otherwise, the same argument can be made about all of our good deeds.
I'm curious to hear why you think istighatha in the Hereafter is so different from tawassul in the dunya.
I will simply quote my thread on Imamah in the Quranic worldview. InshaAllah you give it a fair and honest reading, along with its continuation thread at the end.
As for his point that the difference between Sunnism and Shiism is the finality of prophethood: this is disingenuous because many Sunnis (perhaps most) believed in maHfooth awliya' who performed karamat and kashf (infallibility, sainthood, miracles, and divine inspiration). It is wrong to assume that the Sealing of Prophethood = Cosmic Despair. The Seal even for Sunnis did not mean the end of divine vicegerency, as the Mahdi or even the Caliphs would fulfill that role.
The root difference between Sunnism and Shiism is the question of authority. For Sunnis, divine authority went to the Umma as a whole, which has the right to choose a divine vicegerent (khalifatullah), and the sahaba of which are all `adil and authoritative, and the consensus of the scholars is considered divine law, and the qiyas and ra'y of the scholars is acceptable in fiqh, etc. For Shi`is, the divine authority of the Prophet (s) passed to a man and not to the Umma as a whole. The latter is more Quranic, as it contains no concept of "people's rule" in divine matters; rather Allah's sunna is to appoint a vicegerent to lead the people, and demand that the people submit to that man. And Allah's sunna does not change (33:63).
May Allah keep our hearts steadfast on the wilaya of `Ali b. Abi Talib (as)
Ayatollah Khamenei pays a visit to earthquake-stricken areas
I've overseen officials' relief efforts since the hour after he earthquake
Nov 20, 2017
"This is not the first time that troubling events happened to the people of this region. I was also among you during the imposed war. You showed your courage and endurance during the imposed war. You show that courage today, too.
Ayatollah Khamenei, the Leader of the Islamic Revolution, arrived in Kermanshah, early this morning (Monday), to visit the areas struck by the earthquake and meet with the victims. There was no announcement of his visit in advance.
The Leader of the Islamic Revolution first entered the city of Sar-Pul-e-Zahab --one of the earthquake-stricken locations--- and visited some of its affected areas. He then paid a visit to the people of Sar-Pul-e Zahab, and spoke for a few minutes to the city's mournful people.
The Leader of the Revolution expressed his sympathy towards the people in the earthquake-stricken areas, saying: "I share the grief of every single heart here. I wish we could visit you at a better time."
He reminded and praised the bravery of the people of Kermanshah province, by adding: "This is not the first time that troubling events happened to the people of this region. I was also among you during the imposed war. You showed your courage and endurance during the imposed war. You show that courage today, too. Champions and brave individuals [like you] stand and defeat this incident."
Referring to the massive contributions of the Iranian people to the earthquake affected people, Ayatollah Khamenei stated: "It is a tragedy that the people in this region lost about 500 of their loved ones. But, you see how the Irananias consider themselves as part of the population of Kermanshah. People feel they are indebted to Kermanshah. The massive contribution, with everyone helping as much as they can, reveals this."
Calling the efforts of the officials insufficient, The Leader of the Revolution mentioned: "The authorities from different departments worked hard; without them, there would be many more problems; but, I am not content as of yet."
In the end, Ayatollah Khamenei hoped a better future for the people of Kermanshah, stating: "Better times are in front of the people of Kermanshah, and hopefully God gives us the opportunity to come here when the city is built, better than before the earthquake."
The Leader of the Revolution, a few minutes ago, in the earthquake-affected village of Quic said:
"I hope that God places His peace and patience in your hearts. You have many obstacles; even before the earthquake, you had many obstacles, now the earthquake added on new ones. I hope that, because of this earthquake, all problems of this village, neighboring villages, and the region are reduced. I am hopeful and look forward to this. I advised the officials, constantly, since early this morning; and, good measures have been taken: armed forces and other groups have done great work. I will continue to supervise and look forward to seeing better efforts, so major parts of your problems may be resolved. I am glad to meet your devout, happy, and enthusiastic youth and people here. May God protect you all."
Gen. Soleimani congratulates Ayatollah Khamenei, Muslim world for end of ISIS
Tehran (ISNA) - In a letter to the Supreme Leader of the Islamic Revolution Ayatollah Seyyed Ali Khamenei Khamenei, the Commander of IRGC Quds Force Major General Qassem Soleimani announced the end of ISIS's domination over Islamic lands.
Following the historic victory of Iraq and Syria's resistance movement over the sedition of Takfiri terrorism and the end of ISIS's domination, which manifested by lowering the flag of this American-Zionist group at Abu Kumal--the last key area in the hands of ISIS--General Soleimani issued an important message to Ayatollah Khamenei.
The following is the full text of Major-General Soleimani's message to Ayatollah Khamenei:
In the Name of God, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful
"Indeed, we have opened for you (Prophet Muhammad) a clear opening." Quran: 1, 48)
To the dear and brave Leader of the Islamic Revolution, Ayatollah Khamenei:
Six years ago, a dangerous plot like the ones at the time of Amir al-Mu'minin (as), which prevented the Muslims from truly understanding the Pure Islam of Muhammad (pbuh), this time, mixed with the poison of Zionism and arrogance, covered the Islamic world like a devastating storm.
This devastating and poisonous sedition was created by the enemies of Islam with an aim of initiating widespread war within the Islamic world and a fight among Muslims. The evil movement, under the name of the "Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant," managed, in the early months, to deceive tens of thousands of Muslim youth from both countries, causing a very dangerous crisis for the influential and crucial countries of the Islamic world: "Iraq" and "Syria."
They occupied hundreds of thousands of square kilometers of land from these countries along with thousands of villages, towns, and provincial centers; they destroyed thousands of factories, manufactures, and major infrastructure of these countries--including roads, bridges, refineries, wells, gas and oil lines, and power plants; they destroyed or burned important cities with valuable historical monuments and national civilizations by bombing them.
Although it is not possible to calculate all the damage caused yet, the preliminary investigation estimates damages to be around $500 billion.
In this event, there were extremely horrendous crimes that could not be shown, which included the following: decapitation of children, skinning men alive before their families, taking young girls and women hostage and raping them, burning people alive and group massacres of hundreds of young people.
People of these countries, astounded by this poisonous storm, became part of them or victims of the takfiri criminals, and millions of other Muslims left their homes and were displaced throughout other cities and countries.
In this dark sedition, thousands of mosques and sacred centers of Muslims were destroyed or ruined, and sometimes a mosque along with the Imam and all the people in it were blown up.
More than 6,000 young people, deceived in the name of defending Islam, blew themselves up by way of suicide bombings, using explosive vehicles at city squares, mosques, schools, even hospitals and public places of Muslims; as a result of these criminal acts, tens of thousands of innocent men, women, and children were martyred.
To be continued
There are many good people in this world, i have suffered same what you have. Its not a big deal i think most of the people have gone through this. you need to try to ignore this stuff and continue doing gud.
There is a saying of imam ali a.s "The best revenge is to improve yourself", there are many other sayings by imam ali a.s you can google them, this will inspire you to do gud to others. Our ahlulbaith a.s has always done gud to everyone and never cared about others. YA Ali madad.
If sense perception is combined with either reasoning or intellectual intuition (which you can think of as the fitrah for now) then yes it can lead to such realizations. But sense perception alone - devoid of these higher faculties, is the definition of dunyawi. It is the level at which the mushrikeen see reality, so obviously it is not sufficient to bring belief. Belief requires sense perception along with thought and/or the awakening of the higher intellect.