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Who are the خواص of Ali ibn Abi Talib [as]?

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In the name of Allah, the beneficent the merciful.

Salamualaykum.

We find that Abu Bakr ibn Muhammed ibn Amr ibn Hazim Al-Ansari Khazraji according to some of our sources, is deemed to be a companion of Imam Ali ibn Abi Talib [as]. 

According to this, he is a Khawas of Ali ibn Abi Talib [as].

1. Could anyone help me in trying to understand what the significance of this is ?

2. Could anyone try to help me understand why there is a discussion concerning the Khawas here - i don't seem to fully appreciate the point made.

[The below is from Ayn Al Shia, but Muhsin Al Amini [rh], in his book trying to list the biographies of shiites].

أبو بكر بن محمد بن عمرو بن حزم بن زيد بن لوذان بن عمرو بن عبيد بن عوف بن عنم بن مالك بن النجار الأنصاري الخزرجي ثم النجاري المدني القاضي.

توفي سنة 100 و قيل 110 و قيل 117 و قيل 120.
 (أقوال العلماء فيه)
قال الشيخ في رجاله أبو بكر بن حزم الأنصاري من أصحاب علي (ع) عربي" اه". و ذكره البرقي في رجاله في أصحاب علي (ع) من اليمن و كذا في الخلاصة نقلا عن رجال البرقي و قال ابن داود من خواص علي (ع) يمني قال الميرزا و فيه نظر" اه" و وجه النظر أن أصل هذا القول رجال البرقي و هو قد عد جماعة من خواصه (ع) ثم عد جماعة من أصحابه و عده منهم فدل على أنه من أصحابه لا من خواصه ثم ذكر جماعة و قال و من المجهولين من أصحاب أمير المؤمنين (ع) (و يمكن) ان يقال ان في انتخاب نفر قليل من أصحابه و تخصيصهم بالذكر من بين الجم الغفير دليل على نوع اختصاص لهم به و ان لم يكونوا في درجة من عدهم من خواصه فهم درجة وسطى بينهم و بين المجهولين و لذا ذكره العلامة في القسم الأول من الخلاصة. ثم ان أبا بكر بن حزم الأنصاري الذي ذكره الشيخ و البرقي هو ابن محمد بن عمرو بن حزم المترجم و قد ذكره في تهذيب التهذيب أولا بعنوان أبو بكر بن حزم و قال هو ابن محمد بن عمرو بن حزم المدني ياتي ثم ذكر أبو بكر بن محمد بن عمرو بن حزم (قال) أبو علي في رجاله بعد نقل ما مر عن الشيخ و البرقي و غيرهما يظهر من مجمع الرجال ان أبا بكر هذا هو محمد بن عمرو بن حزم الأنصاري الماضي في الأسماء" اه" أقول أبو بكر هو ابن محمد بن عمرو بن حزم لا محمد نفسه كما عرفت و لم يقل أحد من الخاصة و لا من العامة ان محمد بن عمرو بن حزم يكنى أبا بكر بل في أسد الغابة محمد بن عمرو بن حزم كنيته أبو القاسم و قيل أبو سليمان و قيل أبو عبد الملك

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On 6/22/2017 at 8:01 PM, Intellectual Resistance said:

In the name of Allah, the beneficent the merciful.

Salamualaykum.

We find that Abu Bakr ibn Muhammed ibn Amr ibn Hazim Al-Ansari Khazraji according to some of our sources, is deemed to be a companion of Imam Ali ibn Abi Talib [as]. 

According to this, he is a Khawas of Ali ibn Abi Talib [as].

1. Could anyone help me in trying to understand what the significance of this is ?

2. Could anyone try to help me understand why there is a discussion concerning the Khawas here - i don't seem to fully appreciate the point made.

[The below is from Ayn Al Shia, but Muhsin Al Amini [rh], in his book trying to list the biographies of shiites].

أبو بكر بن محمد بن عمرو بن حزم بن زيد بن لوذان بن عمرو بن عبيد بن عوف بن عنم بن مالك بن النجار الأنصاري الخزرجي ثم النجاري المدني القاضي.

توفي سنة 100 و قيل 110 و قيل 117 و قيل 120.
 (أقوال العلماء فيه)
قال الشيخ في رجاله أبو بكر بن حزم الأنصاري من أصحاب علي (ع) عربي" اه". و ذكره البرقي في رجاله في أصحاب علي (ع) من اليمن و كذا في الخلاصة نقلا عن رجال البرقي و قال ابن داود من خواص علي (ع) يمني قال الميرزا و فيه نظر" اه" و وجه النظر أن أصل هذا القول رجال البرقي و هو قد عد جماعة من خواصه (ع) ثم عد جماعة من أصحابه و عده منهم فدل على أنه من أصحابه لا من خواصه ثم ذكر جماعة و قال و من المجهولين من أصحاب أمير المؤمنين (ع) (و يمكن) ان يقال ان في انتخاب نفر قليل من أصحابه و تخصيصهم بالذكر من بين الجم الغفير دليل على نوع اختصاص لهم به و ان لم يكونوا في درجة من عدهم من خواصه فهم درجة وسطى بينهم و بين المجهولين و لذا ذكره العلامة في القسم الأول من الخلاصة. ثم ان أبا بكر بن حزم الأنصاري الذي ذكره الشيخ و البرقي هو ابن محمد بن عمرو بن حزم المترجم و قد ذكره في تهذيب التهذيب أولا بعنوان أبو بكر بن حزم و قال هو ابن محمد بن عمرو بن حزم المدني ياتي ثم ذكر أبو بكر بن محمد بن عمرو بن حزم (قال) أبو علي في رجاله بعد نقل ما مر عن الشيخ و البرقي و غيرهما يظهر من مجمع الرجال ان أبا بكر هذا هو محمد بن عمرو بن حزم الأنصاري الماضي في الأسماء" اه" أقول أبو بكر هو ابن محمد بن عمرو بن حزم لا محمد نفسه كما عرفت و لم يقل أحد من الخاصة و لا من العامة ان محمد بن عمرو بن حزم يكنى أبا بكر بل في أسد الغابة محمد بن عمرو بن حزم كنيته أبو القاسم و قيل أبو سليمان و قيل أبو عبد الملك

Approximate English translation from google is given below:

The Sheikh said in his men Abu Bakr bin Hazm al-Ansari from the owners of the (p) Arabic "uh". Al-Barqi said in his men in the companions of Ali from Yemen, and in the summary, quoting the men of the telegram, and Ibn Dawood said that Ali (a) said: He counted a group of his characteristics (p) and then counted a group of his companions and several of them. He indicated that he was not one of his companions. Then he mentioned a group and he said, and one of the unknown among the companions of the Commander of the Believers (p) Few of the owners and the allocation of the mention among the many evidence of the type of competence for them and if not in a degree of the number of properties of the middle degree between them and among the unknown and so the mark in the first section Of the conclusion. Then Abu Bakr ibn Hazm al-Ansari, mentioned by the sheikh and al-Buraqi, is the son of Muhammad ibn Amr ibn Hazm the translator. Amr ibn Hazm (said) Abu Ali in his men after the transfer of what passed by the sheikh and the telegram and other shows from the men's compound that Abu Bakr this is Mohammed bin Amr bin Hazm Ansari last names "Ah" I say Abu Bakr is the son of Muhammad ibn Amr ibn Muhammad did not say the same as he knew and did not say one of the private and not from the public that Muhammad ibn Amr ibn Hazm Abu Bakr but in the lion of the forest Mohammed bin Amr ibn Hazm nickname Abu Qa And Abu Suleiman was said and Abu Abd al-Malik was said
 

Regards

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