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Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) [OFFICIAL THREAD]

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Name - Muhammad

Title - Al-Mustafa, Al-Amin, Ar-Rasool

Kunyat - Abul Qasim

Born - Friday, the 17th of Rabi-ul Awwal

Father's Name - Abdullah Ibn Abdul Muttalib

Mother's Name - Amina bint-e-Wahab

Died - at the age of 63 years on Monday, 28th Safar 11 AH

Buried - in his house adjoining the mosque at Medina

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Birth of Holy Prophet (saw)

Greetings to all believers on the occasion of birth of the Holy Prophet Mohammed (saw).

The Shia ulemas agree that the birth of Holy Prophet Mohammed (saw) took place on the 17th day of the month of Rabiul Avval.

Here are some narrations about the events which took place at the time of birth of the most noble messenger of Allah.

Aminah, the mother of the prophet, told Abbas that when the pains of parturition came upon her she heard many voices having no human resemblance, and saw displayed a banner of the silk of paradise, mounted on a staff of ruby and filling all the space between heaven and earth. Light beamed form the head of the child, illuminating the heavens.

It is related on the authority of Imam Jafar Sadiq (as), that Iblees was at first allowed to go up even to the seventh heaven and listen to the reports of those blessed abodes, but when Hazrat Isa (as) was born, Iblees was inhibited to the three heavens, and on the birth of Mohammed (saw) the demons were debarred from them all, and driven by arrows of meteoric fire from the gates of those celestial regions. At the birth of the prophet every idol fell on its face, and the palaces of Kesry, emperor of Ajem (Persia), trembled, and fourteen of the towers fell. Lake Sivah, which was worshipped, disappeared; its site is the salt plain near Kasham. The wady (valley) of Samavah, where for a number of years no water had been seen, now flowed with that element. The sacred fire if Fars, which had not been extinguished for a thousand years, were quenched that night, on which likewise, the wisest of the Majoosee (Magian) ulemas dreamed that a number of strong camels led the horses of Arabia

across the Dujlah or Tigris into their territory. On that night a light appeared in Hijaz (A district of Arabia, including Mecca) filling the whole world and moving eastward. On the morning following, the thrones of all the kings were found reversed. The skill of the soothsayers (fortune – teller) departed, the magic of the sorcerers ended.

At Mohammed’s (saw) birth, Shaytan shrieked among his infernal children who drew to inquire what new curse had befallen him. Woe to you! he cried; throughout this night I have observed momentous changes in the heavens and the earth. Some great event must have transpired on earth unparallel since the ascension of Isa to heaven; fly to discover what it is. The subordinate fiends (beasts) flew in all directions, on their infernal errand (task), but returned without making any discovery to satisfy the doubts of Shaytan, who then undertook the matter himself, glided down to the earth, and sought far and wide around, till at last, coming to Mecca, he found the sacred place encircled by a host of angels, who repelled him with a shout. He then assumed the form of a sparrow and entered the city, but Jibraeel (as) detected him in this disguise, and sternly said, Begone, accrused! He replied, allow me only to ask what has occurred on earth the past night. Jobraeel answered, Mohammed (saw), the

best of the prophets, is born. Have I any portion in him? Inquired the accursed, No, said Jibraeel. But have I no portion in his sect? added the evil spirit. Yes, replied the archangel, upon which Iblees professed himself satisfied, and departed.

>From Ali (as), the commander of the faithful, it is related that the idols which were in the Kaaba fell on their faces when the prophet was born, and a voice proclaimed form heaven. Truth is revealed and error is annihilated. The whole world was illuminating on that night, and every stone and clod and tree laughed for joy, and all things in heaven and earth uttered praise to Allah. Shaytan fled, crying. The best and the dearest of creatures is Mohammed (saw).

Iblees, after learning what had transpired, assembled his offspring and cast dust on his head, crying. Since my creation no calamity like this has befallen me; a son is born whom they call Mohammed bin Abdullah (saw). He will destroy idolatry, and require men to worship Allah in unity of His being. Hereupon the whole evil crew cast the dust of degradation on their heads, and fled to the fourth sea, where they wept forty days.

Excerpts from the book ‘Hayat al Qulub’ Vol. 2 written by Allamah Majlisi (ar). These and more traditions like them can be found under the section ‘Birth of Mohammed (saw)’.

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Status of Holy Prophet (saw)

For over many years the Shias have been blatantly accused of degrading the personality of Holy Prophet (saw) in comparison to that of Imam Ali (as) or for that matter Imam Husain (as). They say that Shias give MORE importance to Ali (as) and Husain (as). They also say that Shias have extolled the personalities of Ali (as) and Husain (as) over that of Holy Prophet (saw).

Let us take a look at the genesis of this perception, and try to find out the reason behind its emergence.

The root of this disbelief lies in the fact that the scales used in this comparison here are different. The Sunnis have compared their belief of Holy Prophet (saw) with the Shia belief of Ali (as) and Husain (as).

Comparison is always done between similar or same things or in same units. Example, consider there are two cars and we want to determine the fastest among them. But the speed of the 1st car is given in mph (miles per hour) and the 2nd is given in Kph (Kilometers per hour). Thus comparing these two speeds will be meaningless and futile, unless we convert them into the same unit. Chances are that the conclusion we derive may turn out to be incorrect.

This same blunder is been committed by our brothers from Ahle Sunnat.

If anyone is actually interested in understanding the Shia belief for Holy Prophet (saw), they are invited to read any Shia book which talks about Holy Prophet (saw). No where will you find that the author has raised the personality of Ali (as) over that of Holy Prophet (saw).

The Shia belief in short is that – Allah is the Greatest. All Power and Might belongs to Him.

The best among His creations is Mohammed (saw) – the Last Prophet of Allah. And after him are Ali (as), Husain (as) etc.

In fact if we carefully review the Shia belief of Holy Prophet (saw), we will find that the kind of reverence Shias have for Holy Prophet (saw), no one else has it! The manner in which Shias respect the Last Prophet of Allah no one else (other sect of Islam) does it. The manner in which the Shias have adorned the personality of Holy Prophet (saw) no one else has done it.

The Major differences among the belief of Shias and other sects of Islam regarding the belief in Holy Prophet (saw) are:

The Shias believe that he is Masoom (Infallible – Free from all kinds of sins and mistake). Both before and after proclamation of Prophethood.

He is the best creation of Allah. No one else is even equal to him in position, forget anyone being higher than him (except Allah). Not a single creation of Allah was equivalent to him either before his birth or DURING his lifetime.

He was a Prophet by birth. (Not after proclamation of Prophethood)

These above statements establish that Shias have more respect and have a higher regard for Holy Prophet (saw) than any other sect of Islam. The other sects of Islam have brought down the status of Holy Prophet (saw) and degraded him by saying that he used to commit mistakes, by saying that he was just an ordinary mortal, by saying that he was a sinner before proclamation of Prophethood, by saying that he was randomly selected - just because Allah wanted to choose a Prophet He chose Mohammed (saw), it could have been anybody else, there is no great deal in it!

All this just to bring up the personalities of those whom they (Sunnis) valued!!!!

Below we take a look at some of the Ayats of Quran which prove that Holy Prophet (saw) was sinless, he never committed mistakes (be it in religious or in worldly affairs) and obedience to him is mandatory for the people in all conditions.

Also we will take a look at some of the Hadiths (Traditions) of Holy Prophet (saw) on Ali (as), Husain (as), his daughter Fatima (sa) highlighting their importance and significance.

These can be easily found in Sunni Books of Tradition like the Sahih Bukhari, Sahih Muslim etc.

Ayats of Quran which prove infallibility of Holy Prophet (saw)

Some sects among the Muslims (namely the Wahabis) believe that Holy Prophet Mohammed (saw) was like any other ordinary mortal. There is nothing great that he was chosen as the Prophet, as it could have been anybody. Allah chose His Messenger randomly and picked Mohammed (saw).

How can someone who believes in the Book of Allah – The Holy Quran make such a statement. The Quran Clearly states,

Allah knows best where He places His message.

(Anaam :124)

Allah chooses from among the angels His Messengers and from among the people.

(Hajj: 75)

And certainly they are near Us the selected good ones.

(Suad: 47)

It makes clear that appointment of a Prophet is not random. It is not possible that anyone can become a Prophet. The last ayat (..selected good ones.) tells us that the Prophet is amongst the best creations of Allah.

To consider somebody chosen and selected by Allah equal to other ordinary mortals is unacceptable and incompatible with any divine recognition.

How can he (saw) be considered as an ordinary mortal when Allah declares in the Holy Quran:

Surely you (O Prophet) possess a very great character.

(Qalam : 4)

The people who have this belief contradict the Quran, and how can those who follow a path other than that taught by Quran, be considered as Muslims?

Perhaps those who say that Holy Prophet (saw) committed mistakes have not read this ayat of Quran,

Indeed the Messenger of Allah is the best model for you.

(Ahzab: 21)

No parent will advise his son to follow someone who indulges in wrong doing. Any parent will only ask his son to follow the footsteps of someone who is best in their eyes.

Allah says, Holy Prophet (saw) is the best exemplar. How can Allah – the High, Glorious consider someone who commits mistakes as ‘best’. How can He advise His creations to follow someone who commits sins and mistakes.

Now, even if we consider this Sunni belief to be true, we face a problem. How to distinguish between the correct Sunnah and the wrong Sunnah!!!

Ayats to Prove Infallibility of Holy Prophet (saw)

We quote here are a few ayats of Quran to prove the Ismat (Infallibility) of the Prophet’s.

And We did not send a messenger except to be obeyed by the permission of Allah.

(Nisa:64)

Whatever the messenger gives you take it, and whatever he forbids refrain from it.

(Hashr:7)

>From the above verse, we identify that Allah has desired that a messenger should be obeyed in all respects, words as well as deeds.

It also commands absolute and unconditional obedience of the Prophet (saw) from the people so much that it even considers his obedience as that of Allah, the Almighty.

Whoever obeys the messenger of Allah, has indeed obeyed Allah.

(Nisa: 80)

Therefore considering that obedience to the Prophet’s obligatory, his infallibility becomes necessary so that by obeying them, the people will refrain from committing sins.

Also the word ‘Whatever’ in Hashr:7 makes it in clear that he should be followed unconditionally in religious as well as worldly affairs. Thus proving the complete infallibility of Holy Prophet (saw). As it is a belief among the Sunni’s that Holy Prophet (saw) did not commit mistakes in religious affairs, but he did so in worldly affairs.

Allah Glorified be He would not have said the following for a sinning Prophet –

Surely you (O Prophet) possess a very great character

(Qalam:4)

Some more ayats proving Ismat.

And whoever disobeys Allah and His Messenger and crosses His limits He will make him enter the fire, abiding in it forever and for him is a debasing chastisement.

If we accept that a Prophet whose responsibility is to guide humanity starts sinning then his abode shall be Hell according to the above ayat. Intellect does not accept this that Prophet may go to Hell.

He said:I swear by your Might. I will lead astray all of them except Your pious servants among them.

Shaytan himself acknowledges that there are a few people whom he cannot lead astray.

After proving the fact that Shias revere the holy Prophet (saw) more than anybody else, we look here at a few traditions from Holy Prophet (saw) on Ali (as), Husain (as) and Lady Fatima (sa).

On Ali (as)

1. Verily, `AIi and I are inseparable, and he is the master (wali) of every believer after me.

Al­Tirmidhi, in his Sahih, ii, 297

2. Al­Bukhari in his Sahih (al­Matba`at al­Khayriyyah, Egypt, 1320) in "Kitab bad' al­khalq", "Bab manaqib `Ali ibn Abi Talib" and "Bab ghazwat Tabuk," in two places, records this tradition in which the Prophet (S) is reported to have said to `Ali (A):

Are you not pleased to have the position (manzilah) in relation to me as that Haroon had in relation to Moses?

Haron was the successor of Musa (as).

3. Here is a traditions from one of the most important personalities of the Ahle Sunnat.

Shab’I narrates : “Abu Bakr was sitting when he saw Ali ibn Abi Talib coming. On seeing him, he remarked, ‘Whoever wants to see a person who is having the highest position in the eyes of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.), who is having maximum proximity towards the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.), whose leadership is the best, and who is the most self-sufficient, should see the approaching person.”

Reference: Manaaqeb-e-Khawaarazmi, chap.14, pg. 98 from Fazaee-lul-Khamsah, vol. 1, pg. 343.

On Imam Husain (as)

Al-Hasan and Al-Husain are the chiefs of the youth of Paradise.

I am in war with those who will fight you (Ali, Hasan, Husain, and Fatimah), and in peace with those who are peaceful to you.

He who loves al-Hasan and al-Husain, loved me, and he who makes them angry has made me angry.

On Lady Fatima (sa)

Holy Prophet (saw) said: Fatima is a part of me, he who angers her angers me.

Sahaih al Bukhari, vol. 2, p. 206

Holy Prophet (saw) said: The satisfaction of Fatima (sa) is my satisfaction, and the anger of Fatima (sa) is my anger, he who loves my daughter loves me, he who angers Fatima (sa), angers me.

Al-Imamah wal – Siyasah, by ibn Qutuybah Vol. 1, p20

Whatever the messenger gives you take it, and whatever he forbids refrain from it.

(Hashr:7)

How can the Muslims ignore these traditions of Holy Prophet (saw)!!!!!!!

Thus not only the status of Holy Prophet (saw) is proved, but also that of Ali (as), Husain (as) and Lady Fatima (sa) is proved.

Inspite of the belief of the majority being absolutely different from the Quran, they still call themselves MUSLIMS!!!

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The Appointment of the Prophet (pbuh&HP)

Divine Wisdom and Differences Between the Miracles of the Prophets

Just as people differ from each other in knowledge, morality, and other related things, likewise the miracles of the prophets are different for each community. With this in mind, for some people a miracle will be seen as a sign from Allah, and will convince them to become a believer; whereas for some others that same miracle will cause doubt and questions.

During the time of Prophet Musa (pbuh) for example, magic and sorcery was a common and ordinary practice for the people of Egypt. People would simply learn and teach each other. Therefore the Egyptians had become an expert in differentiating between what was magic and what was miracle and related to God. It was on this base that by Allah’s command, Prophet Musa (pbuh) performed the miracle of cane: the cane which turned into a snake to swallow the canes and ropes of the magicians, and then return to its former situation as a cane. The people of that era fully understood that the action of Prophet Musa (pbuh) was something out of their capability. This fact convinced the magicians that his act was a miracle from divine will, and thus they all became believers.

In the era of Prophet Jesus (pbuh) scholars and experts in medicine emerged in the colonies of Greece, such as Palestine and Syria. Science and the knowledge of medicine became the topic mostly discussed about. Even in the New Testament, there is a detailed instruction for curing baldness, leprosy, and skin diseases in chapters 13 and 14. Curing diseases was considered to be one of the duties of the priests. The people of that time would believe that gaining health after diseases is because of the existence of the priests and their spiritual effects. Therefore because of this background, the miracle of Prophet Jesus (pbuh) was curing the sick people. Since, the people of that era knew the abilities of ordinary men and priests in curing the patients; they could simply recognize the miraculous ways a sick was cured by divine power.

The knowledge of the Arabs, who were the first community invited to Islam, was limited to their own culture and language. They were unaware of the scientific progresses of the world. They used to consider any science other than their own literature as sorcery or as a skill of people from far away.

But they were experts in the Arab literature, and had considerable progresses in the science of eloquence. These progresses reached its extremes at the time of Prophet Mohammad’s (pbuh&HP) invitation to Islam. The Arabs would hold gatherings to express with pride the great abilities and advances in their language.

The Arabs knew fluency and eloquence well enough to recognize the quality of human works exactly. Each of them had the ability to judge about the eloquence and fluency of a work to recognize whether it was divine or non-divine.

This situation of the Arab community called for the holy Quran to be the main miracle of the Prophet of Islam, Prophet Mohammad (pbuh&HP) - the selected one among all the messengers - and the basis in his great mission of prophecy. The supernatural fluency and eloquence of the holy Quran was the best proof for the Arabs, because they were not able to compose a book like that or even a small chapter (Surah) like its chapters. The Arabs, who were experts in the Arabic language and in its eloquence and fluency, recognized this book a miracle. Furthermore, the non-Arabs were much clearly unable to compose a book or chapter like that of the holy Quran.

Based on this and many other reasoning, the Holy Book of Islam-the Quran- is found as a miracle. This miracle first invited the Arabs to Islam, and it naturally led to other nations. With the miracle of the Holy Quran, the purpose and philosophy of miracles was completed.

(Selection taken from the preface of noble “Interpretation of Ala’ al-Rahman”, by Sheikh Mohammad Jawad Balaghi, with a few changes)

On behalf of Roshd website, we congratulate all Muslims -especially you dear friend- on the 27th of Rajab, for the start of the descent of the holy Quran on the final Prophet of Islam, and the anniversary of the beginning of the public prophetic mission of Prophet Mohammad (pbuh&HP).

Has the time of miracles ended? Will we no longer witness any miracles? Why and how is the holy Quran a miracle? Can we observe a divine miracle in this era with our eyes? On this auspicious occasion we would like to invite you dear friend to read an article entitled as “Quran, the Eternal Miracle” available on the website. We will be eagerly waiting for your comments and suggestions. (You may click here to have access to the article.)

http://www.roshd.org

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The Beloved of the Prophet (pbuh)

One of the most beautiful and deep points of the life of Imam Husayn (as), is the great and excessive attention that the Prophet (pbuh) paid to him and to his older brother Imam Hassan (as). This point has been very well understood in books of history and there are many sayings regarding this matter. Below we are going to talk a bit about this.

The Prophet (as) was invited to a dinner and as he was walking with his companions, he saw Imam Husayn (as) playing in the valley. The Prophet (pbuh) went forward to grab him, but the Imam ran away childishly and the Prophet (pbuh) started running after him with a smile on his face till he caught the Imam. He then put a hand around the Imams neck and the other hand on his chin and put his mouth on the Imams mouth and kissed him. It was then the Prophet (pbuh) said, "Husayn is part of me and I am part of Husayn, May Allah love that person who loves Husayn." 1

Zeid, the son of Harith, said, "I wanted to go see the Prophet (pbuh) for something I went to his house at night, knocked on the door. The Prophet (pbuh) opened the door, and he had hidden something under his cloak. He came out; after my work was done I asked "O' the Messenger of Allah what do you have under your cloak?" He removed the cloak and showed Hassan and Husayn then he said, "These are my children and the children of my daughter" and at that moment he looked toward the sky and said:

"O Allah! You are aware that I love these two children so You love them too and love those who love these children." 2

Salman al-Farsi has narrated through the Prophet (pbuh) about Imam Hassan (as) and Imam Husayn (as)):

"Whoever loves my children Hassan and Husayn I will love them, and whoever loves me, Allah will love him, and whoever Allah loves, he will enter a heavenly state where he will be filled with blessings, and whom ever becomes the enemy of them I will be their enemy and whomever is enemy with me, his enemy is Allah and Allah will throw him in hell where he suffer forever."3

Also the Prophet (pbuh) said: "Through me you people became aware, through Ali you became guided, and through Hassan all the good came to you, yet your happiness and wretchedness is through Husayn because whoever is his enemy, the smell of heavens will be forbidden for him."4

This kind of love and attention toward Imam Hassan (as) and Husayn (as) cannot be just a family love but it is something beyond that. The things that are mentioned in various books show that the Prophet (pbuh) wanted to separate the truth from false since he was conscious of the path of the Muslim community.

(Taken from the book "Imam Husayn (as) and Ashoora from the view point of Sunnies" published by the institute of principles of the religion at Qum.)

The Roshd site congratulates all Muslims on the Birth anniversary of the savior ship and the Master of Martyrs, Imam Ali ibn al-Husayn (as).

1) Ansab al-Ashraf by Ahmad ibn Jabir ibn al Bladhori , Dar al-Ta'arof for al-Matboo'at ,Beirut 1977

2) Tarikh (history) al-Umam and al-Mamluk known as the history of Tabari,

Cairo 1979

3) al-Tabaqat al-Kobra also Known as Tabaqat ibn Sa'ad.

4) Morooj al-Dhahab and Ma'adin al-Jawhar, Ali ibn al-Hussian ibn Ali Masoudi, Matba'at al-Sa'adah, Cario 1964

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Life and Teachings of The Holy Prophet Muhammad

Direct Link: http://www.almujtaba.com/articles/1/000489.html

By: Kenneth Moakan

Arabia is a land of unparalleled charm and beauty, with its trackless deserts of sand dunes and mirages in the dazzling rays of a tropical sun. Its starry sky has excited the imagination of poets, travelers and mystics. It was in this land, that the Holy Prophet Muhammad, on whom be peace, was born in the city of Mecca, which is about fifty miles from the Red Sea. (Culled from Life of Muhammad by Sufi Mutiur Rahman Bengalee M.A. p.70)

It was in the latter half of the sixth century, when the world was plunged in utter darkness that the Holy Prophet Muhammad was born. The then known world stood on the verge of destruction, with chaos as the order of the day and pre-Islamic Arabia was no exception to this, rather it was in the lowest depths of abysmal darkness; infanticide was rampant, debauchery was looked upon as chivalrous, drunkenness was a common sight and all forms of evil was glorified.

J.H. Denison in his Emotions as the basis of Civilization wrote:

In the fifth and sixth centuries, the civilized world stood on the verge of chaos.... it seemed that the great civilization which had taken four thousand years to construct was on the verge of disintegration ... Civilization like a gigantic tree whose foliage had over-reached the world ... stood tottering … rotted to the core ..... It was among the Arabs that the man was born who was to unite the whole known world of the East and the South.

(pp. 265-269)

The religious attachment of 6th century Arabia was idolatry, though there were a sprinkling of Atheists and worshippers of heavenly planets, who offered sacrifices to the sun, moon and other heavenly bodies. Christians and Jews were also to be found. The center of Christian activity was al-Najran, while the Jews were concentrated in Khaibar and Medina. In spite of these varied religious concepts, there was also a group who sought to follow the religion of their forefather Abraham.

The administration of their affairs, like their religious beliefs was also in a state of disarray. Sir William Muir had this to say:

The prospects of Arabia before the rise of Mohamet was as unfavorable to religious reform as they were to political union or national regeneration. (Life of Mohamet Intro. ch.2)

In spite of their religious and administrative divisions, the Arabs possessed a remarkable memory and were an eloquent people. Their eloquence and memory found expression in their poetry. Every year a fair was held for poetical competitions at Ukaz.

In his book The Literary History of the Arabs, R.A.Nicholson writing about the poetical ability of the Arabs, states:

It is related that Hammad said to Caliph Walid bin Yazid: 'I can recite to you, for each letter of the alphabet, one hundred long poems, without taking into account short pieces, and all of that composed exclusively by poets before the promulgation of Islam. (p. 1 32)

It is no small wonder, therefore, that Allah chose an Arab and the Arabic language for His final dispensation and the preservation of His Word.

The condition of the world in general and Arabia in particular is graphically put in the Holy Qur'an, when Allah says:

Corruption has appeared on land and sea because of what men's hands have wrought. (30:42)

This is the condition which is painted by all the historians, in so many words, about the sixth century.

Before the birth of the Holy Prophet Muhammad, an Abyssinian army was on the verge of conquering Mecca, but were totally annihilated by small-pox, reference of which is in the Holy Qur'an chapter 105. This occurred fifty three days before the birth of our Holy Prophet, on whom be peace.

His father's name was Abdullah who died before his birth. His mother's name was Amina. A few days after his birth, as was the custom among the nobility of the Arabs, he was given to the care of a Bedouin wet nurse, whose name was Halima. For two years, he grew up under her care, after which , she took him back to his mother, but due to an epidemic in Mecca, he went back with Halima for another three years.

When he returned to his mother, she took him for a visit to Medina, but on the return journey, she died. At the age of six, he was entrusted to the care of his grandfather Abdul Muttalib who expired two years later. At this stage he was placed under the care of his uncle Abu Talib. In his early youth, he used to tend his uncle's flocks.

During his youth, he joined a society whose aims were, to help the poor and the needy, safeguard the rights of the oppressed and support and uphold the cause of justice. He was also launched into commercial enterprises and undertook journeys with caravans to Yemen and Syria. His honesty and integrity earned him the title of Al-Amin - The Trustworthy. At the age of twenty-five, he was married to Khadija - a wealthy widow, whose caravans he commanded. She offered her hand to him in marriage, after she received very good reports about his conduct and honesty in the discharge of his duties as the leader of her caravans.

The Divine Call came to him in his fortieth year and depicting the state of mind of the Holy Prophet, on whom be peace, Thomas Carlyle in his book Heroes and Hero worship writes:

The great mystery of existence… glared in upon him, with its terrors, with its splendors; no hearsay could hide that unspeakable fact `Here am I'. Such sincerity, as we named it has in very truth something divine. The word of such a man is a voice from nature's own heart. Men do and must listen to that and to nothing else - All else is wind in comparison. From of old a thousand thoughts, in his pilgrimings and wanderings, had been in this man: What am l? What is this unfathomable thing I live in, which men call Universe? The grim rocks of Mount Hira, of Mount Sinai, the stern solitudes answered not. The great heavens rolling silently overhead, with its blue glaring stars, answered not. There was no answer. The man's soul and what of God's inspiration dwelled there had to answer. (pp. 63-64)

The first persons to have accepted his call , were his wife Khadija, his cousin Ali, a freed slave Zaid and his friend Abu Bakr. For three years after receiving the Divine Call, the preaching was conducted rather quietly with the number of his followers increasing rapidly. After this rather quiet start, the Holy Prophet, on whom be peace, was commanded to proclaim his message which he received from Allah, publicly. Accordingly, he addressed his message about the Unity of God and of his being the Messenger of God from every available quarter.

Since this belief was threatening their very existence, the pagan Arabs started to mount pressure on the Holy Prophet, and his followers to renounce their cause and take to idol-worshipping. On one occasion, they sent a delegation to the Holy Prophet's uncle that he should restrain the Holy Prophet, from preaching his message. They threatened Abu Talib with their combined opposition. Finding himself in this state, he sent for the Holy Prophet, and explained to him the situation. The Holy Prophet, answered with these memorable words:

My dear uncle, if they should put the sun in my right hand and the moon in my left, even then I shall not abandon the proclamation of the Unity of God. I shall set up the true faith upon the earth or perish in the attempt.

Impressed with his nephew's firm determination and high resolve, Abu Talib replied:

Son of my brother, go thy way, none dare touch thee. I shall never forsake thee.

Not being satisfied, they sent one of their chiefs to entice the Holy Prophet, and in the following words addressed the Holy Prophet:

O Muhammad, if you want to sit on the throne of Arabia we shall elect you our monarch; if you want money we shall give you no end to it and if you desire the hand of a beautiful woman, we are ready to present you the most beautiful lady in the land.

The Holy Prophet was far above any worldly temptations and in reply he recited some verses of the Holy Quran proclaiming the Unity of Allah and his claim of being a true Messenger of Allah.

The Meccans were alarmed at the prospects of trying to halt the progress of Islam, so they went to physical torment and boycott. Many influential personalities were being converted and a great mass of following were joining the religion of Islam. This in itself was a mortal threat to the existence of the Meccan chiefs, since their source of livelihood depended from the trade which came from the traffic of idol-worshippers.

Seeing that these could not be of any help, they decided to exert more pressure to the degree that when the sufferings of the Muslims became unbearable, the Holy Prophet decided to send some of his followers to Abyssinia to take refuge. The Meccans in their quest to put an end to the new religion sent a deputation to the king, seeking the return of the refugees. The king summoned the refugees and questioned them about their beliefs. Being satisfied, that they were no threat to the state, he refused to hand them over and was convinced that the revelations of the Holy Prophet and that of Jesus sprang from the same fountain.

The failure of the Abyssinian delegation, humiliated the Meccans. They pledged to completely boycott the family who defended the Holy Prophet, on whom be peace. Every kind of relationship was cut off; even food and water were denied them. The family who defended the Holy Prophet, on whom be peace, were in a desperate situation and they along with the Holy Prophet, on whom be peace, and his followers had to take refuge in the Vale of Abu Talib from where they could not escape for fear of their lives. They suffered starvation, personal indignities and humiliation of every kind. This siege continued for three years; in the meantime, the Declaration of Boycott which was hung on the walls of the Ka`ba had been destroyed and the hearts of some of the enemies were appeased. These new-found friends were bold enough to rescue the innocent sufferers from their plight.

With the boycott ended, the Holy Prophet, on whom be peace, and a companion went to Taif to invite the people there to Islam, but he faced the same fate of rejection. The chiefs of Taif sent some youths after them. They were stoned mercilessly, to the point of fainting and the body of the Holy Prophet, on whom be peace, was cut and he was bleeding profusely. The Holy Prophet, on whom be peace, and his companion Zaid, took shelter in a garden belonging to two Meccans, who, after seeing their plight, sent some grapes with a slave who was an inhabitant of Nineveh. The message of Islam was conveyed to the slave who readily accepted it.

Of this journey to Taif, Sir William Muir remarked:

There is something lofty and heroic on this journey of Mohamet to Taif; a solitary man, despised and rejected by his own people, going boldly forth in the name of God, and summoning an idolatrous city to repent and support his mission. It sheds a strong light on the intensity of his belief in the divine origin of his calling. (Life of Mohamet p.109)

Returning to Mecca, the Holy Prophet, on whom be peace, and his followers, faced mounting persecution, the intensity of which exceeded the limits bearable by any human. At this juncture, having had assurance from some of the chiefs and people of Medina, of his and his followers' safety, he immigrated to that city with his followers. The importance of this memorable event of migration marks the reckoning of the Islamic calendar.

The Meccans did not leave the Holy Prophet, on whom be peace, and his followers to live peacefully in Medina. They sent numerous expeditions against them and waged wars against the Muslims. Every advance of the Meccans against the Muslims was crushed and they suffered humiliating defeats in their wars with the Muslims. Having been totally humiliated in their desire to crush Islam, they fell before the banner of Islam and Mecca was conquered peacefully when the Holy Prophet, on whom be peace, at the head of ten thousand of his followers entered the gates of Mecca and demolished the idols which infested the Holy Ka`ba, thus fulfilling a prophecy mentioned in the Bible as follows:

He shined forth from Mount Paran, and he came with ten thousand saints; from his right hand went a fiery law for them. (Deut. 33:2)

The Holy Prophet, on whom be peace, did not let the achievement of victory un-nerve his equilibrium in acting in a manner which would have justifiably been done in these so-called modern and advanced times. Today, many a nation and party which when placed under the said circumstances as was the Holy Prophet, on whom be peace, and his followers, would unleash a calculated and total annihilation of its enemies when it gains power and victory. Unlike these modern barbaric tendencies, when victory was the Holy Prophet's, he never sought to seek out all those who had committed the most heinous of crimes against him and his followers. With one stroke, he forgave them all, except those few who had committed the most barbaric and unspeakable crimes against humanity.

History bears testimony to the fact, that at every step, the Holy Prophet, on whom be peace, sought to achieve peace. He even accepted a treaty which appeared to be at a disadvantage to him and his followers, simply with the intention that peace may prevail and that all forms of strife may be eliminated.

His memorable words at the Fall of Mecca are worth to be inscribed in letters of gold, studded with the most precious of gems. He said:

By God, you will have no punishment today and no reproof. (Hisham)

The teachings which were vouchsafed to him, in the form of the Holy Qur'an, lay down the principles and mechanics for the attainment of peace and the elimination of war. It says that if two parties are fighting, then peace should be made between them and the dispute settled amicably. If one or both of the parties, fail to yield to the award and all efforts of persuasion have failed, then force should be administered as a last resort, to bring the recalcitrant party or parties to submit to a peaceful settlement.

This system has laid the foundation of a powerful League of Nations, unlike the present U.N.O. whose resolutions are looked upon scornfully by defaulting nations. The U.N.O. is so structured and composed, that it is quite impotent to bring peace to the world. The two superpowers, for obvious reasons, side with one or the other of the disputing parties. If they can achieve their goal of pedaling their influence, then without any justification, they would side with any of the parties, world opinion means nothing in the present context, only might is right. The teachings of the Holy Prophet, on whom be peace, are, therefore, the only solution for the attainment of world peace and no Muslim or Muslim state which does not strive for the achievement of peace can rightfully claim a place in the body-politic of the Islamic nation and therefore cannot with any justification be among his true followers.

In the year 632 A.D. after fulfilling his mission which was entrusted to him by Allah, the Holy Prophet, on whom be peace, passed away.

This in a nutshell is a brief sketch of the' LIFE OF THE HOLY PROPHET MUHAMMAD.

We will now turn our attention on the TEACHINGS OF THE HOLY PROPHET MUHAMMAD, and as time may permit, only a few salient features may be attempted.

In dealing with his teachings it may well be summarized in the historic answer which his wife Ayesha gave in response to a question about the morals and character of the Holy Prophet, on whom be peace. She said:

His morals and character are an embodiment of the Holy Qur'an.

Thus in dealing with the teachings of the Holy Prophet, on whom be peace, we necessarily speak on the Teachings of the Holy Qur'an, since to him was revealed the Holy Qur'an by God Almighty thus his teachings are contained in the very Word of God and not of his manufacture.

If one were to discuss the teachings contained in the Holy Qur'an then it would require hours on end and still one would not be able to exhaust all the beautiful teachings which it holds out for humanity. It is therefore advised, that in order to be able to understand the teachings of the Holy Prophet, on whom be peace. Then one should study the Holy Qur'an in order to be able to gain an insight into his teachings. We pray that the audience may explore the Holy Qur'an and thus derive the benefit of the knowledge of the teachings of the Holy Prophet Muhammad and enshrine them in their lives.

The Holy Prophet, on whom be peace, received his first divine revelation in the year 610 C.E. and it continued up till a few days before his death. Thus the Holy Quran was revealed piece-meal to the Holy Prophet, on whom be peace, during those years, sometimes after the interval of months and sometimes in great rapidity; sometimes in short sentences and sometimes in long chapters; sometimes with a new law and sometimes confirming an existing law; sometimes repealing an impractical custom and sometimes giving a new direction. This is in conformity with a prophecy in the Bible which runs as follows:

Whom shall he teach knowledge? And whom shall he make to understand doctrine? Them that are weaned from the milk, and drawn from the breasts, for precept must be upon precept, precept upon precept; line upon line; here a little and there a little: for with stammering lips and another tongue will he speak to his people. (Isaiah 28:9-11)

It may be noted that in this prophecy it is mentioned that the people will be spoken to in another tongue and how true was this fulfilled with the revelation of the Holy Qur'an in the Arabic language, to an Arab in the land of Paran where the greatest manifestation of the Lord was scheduled to occur. (Deut. 33:2 & Habakkuk 3:3). It may here be pointed out that Ishmael, the son of Abraham, who is the forefather of our Holy Prophet, on whom be peace, dwelt in Paran vide Gen. 21:21 and the descendants of Ishmael lived in the Arabian Peninsula and the neighboring territories as is evident from Gen. 25:12-18 and Isaiah 21 :1 3-1 7.

The Holy Prophet, on whom be peace, was a Law-giver and he was the object of the prophecy of Moses as mentioned in Deuteronomy 18:18. The greatest teaching which he gave forth to the world is that there is but one God Who has no partner, Who was no begotten and Who neither begets. A short chapter in the Holy Qur'an is devoted to this theme. It runs as follows:

In the name of Allah, the Gracious, the Merciful

Say, 'He is Allah, the One: Allah, the Independent and besought of all. He begets not, nor is He begotten; and there is none like unto Him ' (112:1-4)

It has been erroneously stated by others that the followers of the Holy Prophet, on whom be peace, are known as Mohammedans and their religion is Mohammedanism. This is a totally wrong statement. We, the followers of the Holy Prophet, on whom be peace, are Muslims and the name of our religion is Islam. These names were given by God Almighty vide the Holy Qur'an 22:79 and 5:4 in conformity with Isaiah 62:2 which says in part:

And thou shalt be called by a new name, which the mouth of the Lord shall name.

The declaration of faith of a Muslim is such, that it cannot lend itself to associate the Holy Prophet on whom be Peace in partnership with God. The declaration runs as follows:

"There is no God but Allah and Muhammad is His Messenger".

The teaching of the Holy Prophet Muhammad, as contained in the Holy Qur'an, is a treasure-house of unlimited knowledge and wisdom in every field of endeavor. By following the teachings contained in it and by applying them for the benefit and welfare of humanity tremendous progress is the virtual outcome.

By virtue of the teachings contained in the Holy Qur'an, the Muslims scaled the heights of scientific achievement and progress. A famous prayer taught in the Holy Qur'an is:

O my Lord increase me in knowledge. (20: 115)

The seeking of knowledge was enhanced by the Holy Prophet, on whom be peace, who enjoined his followers to seek it even if they have to travel to China in quest of it.

The Holy Qur'an has placed great emphasis on the acquisition of the mastery of nature, through scientific knowledge as much as on the creation of knowledge. It says:

Allah it is Who has subjected the sea to you that ships may sail thereon by His command, and that you seek of His bounty, and that you may be grateful. And he has subjected to you whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is in the earth; all this is from Him, in that surely there are signs for a people who reflect. (45:1 3-14)

In respect to technology, the example of David is set forth as

And We made iron soft for him, Saying. 'Make thou full-length coats of mail, and make the rings of a proper measure. (34:11-12)

Precision is here emphasized and it is a fact that the Muslims have developed many sciences with the utmost of precision.

Also emphasized in the Holy Qur'an are the harnessing of wind power (34:13), modern means of transportation to the degree of going beyond the confines of the heavens and the earth (55:34), astronomical discoveries of great magnitude (81:12), harnessing of water-power (55:20-21), etc.

When scientists shall discover that there are worlds other than our own, then the truth of the Holy Prophet, on whom be peace, shall become more manifest. It was revealed to him by God Almighty that Allah is:

"Lord of all the worlds"(1:2).

The manifestation of this truth is slowly being unraveled by science and the day seems not far off when the world will be startled with the discovery and then mankind will fully realize the truth of the revelation which was granted to the Holy Prophet, on whom be peace.

There are so many aspects in which one can dilate about the teachings of the Holy Prophet, on whom be peace, but time being a determining factor, we shall look briefly into a few.

Great emphasis has been placed by him on the performance of prayers. In this regard, he was commanded by God to institute the five daily prayers which every good Muslim performs. Next to prayers comes a tax known as Zakaat which is levied for the uplift of the poorer members of the society and for community affairs. After this is Fasting for a whole lunar month and then comes Pilgrimage to Mecca which may be performed at least once in a lifetime by the able-bodied. These four along with the Declaration of Faith forms the five pillars of the religion of Islam.

These apart, there are general teachings which regulate the conduct of a Muslim's behavior in every walk of life. A complete social order is presented. Ways and means are entrenched for spiritual advancement. Dietary laws are instituted. In short, every conceivable aspect of human needs has been taken care of. Such is the comprehensiveness of the teachings which was meant for all times to come. None of the teachings which were given by the Holy Prophet, on whom be peace, can ever be considered to be unsuitable for any age or time.

One of the greatest ills humanity is facing is the scourge of consumption of intoxicants. Intoxicating liquors are responsible for many of the tragedies which we witness daily on our streets and highways. Many innocent lives were snuffed out due to reckless driving under the influence of alcohol. Millions of dollars are lost due to those accidents caused by impaired driving. Many homes have been shattered due to excessive use of alcohol and families are torn apart for the same reason. Only as recently as Dec. 31, 1987 there was an interesting article in The Toronto Star about the ill-effects of the aftermath of alcohol consumption based on a News-letter of the University of Toronto , Faculty of Medicine.

The study shows that the hang over is a mini-version of alcohol withdrawal syndrome which results in raised blood pressure, headaches, tremors, sweating, fatigue, nausea, parched mouth, blood-shot eyes, jumpiness and difficulty in thinking clearly. It continues:

That throbbing headache occurs because blood vessels in the head are expanded - alcohol widens blood vessels - and each heart beat sends more blood pulsing through the brain and its covering membranes. Your eyes object to light and your ears flinch from noise because nerves are overactive, as they rebound from the dampening effect of alcohol. Your eyes can't fix on a target and twitch because alcohol has affected the muscles and nerves that control eye movements. The raging thirst is due to a disturbance of body fluid balance. To get rid of alcohol your body shifts some water out of the blood into the tissues and the kidneys. You didn't sleep restfully because alcohol alters the amount of the sleep stage called REM (rapid eye movement) during which you dream and wake up tired and irritable.

The article goes on to state that brain function may be diminished for up to a day after a drinking session and that researchers have found high contents of methanol, histamine and sulfites in alcoholic drinks. In the end of article gives a very sound advice. It says:

And try to remember next time that an ounce of prevention is better than a pounding headache. (The Toronto Star Thursday December 31, 1987, page 1)

There are many more studies being done about the evils of alcohol, yet in spite of all of these, the consumption of alcohol goes on unabated and is encouraged. Ask yourself this question and search your conscience for the answer - If the consumption of alcohol is right. then why is it that if one has alcohol reading at a certain level and is caught driving a motor vehicle a charge is laid against such a one by the police? And why is it that when one is under the influence of alcohol one behaves in a manner which would not ordinarily be done by that person?

The teaching of the Holy Prophet, on whom be peace, has with one stroke totally prohibited intoxicants. (Holy Qur'an, 2:220; 5:9l - 92).

As with the Law of Moses (Leviticus 11:7 & 8, Deuteronomy 14:8) so too the Law which was granted to the Holy Prophet, on whom be peace, has prohibited the consumption of the flesh of swine (Holy Qur'an 2:174; 5:4; 6:146; 16:116)

The effects produced by food have a profound impact on the minds of human beings as experience has shown, food, therefore plays an important role in the formation of our character, our physical state is closely connected to our moral and spiritual well-being, this being the case, it is equally important that we consume such food which will have a desirable influence in moulding our moral and spiritual conditions and which will have no ill-effects on our physical bodies.

It is rather curious that both the Bible and the Holy Qur'an prohibit the eating of the flesh of swine and this must be of very great significance. It is alarming to note that the flesh of swine has been responsible for the transmission of many diseases to human beings. In spite of the advances made in the fields of dehydration and preservation, there is evidence that suggests that a number of diseases are directly transmitted through the flesh of swine.

Apart from the flesh of swine, Muslims are prohibited to consume blood, any animal which dies of itself, is strangled, beaten fell or gored to death. Also in the list of prohibition is that on which the name of any other than Allah has been invoked and that which has been slaughtered on an altar (Holy Qur'an 2: 174; 5:4; 16: 116,146). On the other hand a Muslim is permitted to partake only of those legal meats on which the name of Allah has been invoked. (6:122). A Muslim is also allowed to eat those meats, lawful of course, which have been caught by animals and birds that have been specially trained for that purpose, but before eating those meats the name of Allah must be pronounced over it. (5:5)

Another teaching of the Holy Prophet, on whom be peace, we would like to deal with, though in a very brief manner, is the role and status of women in Islam. The Holy Prophet, on whom be peace, and Islam have been the target of many an unfounded criticism in this respect. It was the Holy Prophet, on whom be peace, who has raised the status of woman after she was abased in all the previous cultures. Today, all the rights which women in societies other than Islam enjoy are a direct result of their struggle which were grudgingly allowed them. On the contrary, all those rights were granted her more than fourteen hundred years ago by Islam.

Islam places both men and women in spiritual equality (Holy Qur'an 3:196; 33:36; 57:13) and has granted her the right of inheritance (4:8, 12, 13 & 177). In marriage, the woman receives a dowry from the husband as her personal property (4:5 & 25) and she cannot be forced into or kept in marriage against her will. (4:20). A woman has the right to seek the annulment of her marriage (2:228). A woman has been invested the right of ownership of property by virtue of her own initiative (4: 33), thus she can conduct any business for her welfare.

A very beautiful aspect of a Muslim woman is that she, in spite of her wealth which she may acquire, is not expected to spend for the welfare and well-being of her family. This responsibility is vested in her husband (4:35), although she may condescend to help in sharing the responsibility (4:5; & 25).

Lastly in this brief exposition we will say that according to Islam, the relationship between a husband and wife is a bounty from Allah, through love, tenderness and comfort (7:190; 16:73; 30:32).

We will end this discussion with one last aspect of the teachings of the Holy Prophet, on whom be peace. This aspect is the unique tolerance which is embedded in his message. We read in the Holy Qur'an:

There should be no compulsion in religion. Normal behavior stands out clearly from error (2:256)

Ironically enough, the Holy Prophet, on whom be peace, the Muslims and the teachings of Islam have been systematically accused, that the spread of the faith has been achieved through force with the sword. This accusation is totally false and without any foundation. The history of Islam belies such a charge. The verse quoted before from the Holy Qur'an does not give any right to anyone to force any belief on any other individual or group which may be resentful or distasteful to the other party. This law is of general application and concerns all religions. Every Muslim reveres every word of the Holy Qur'an and it is highly impossible that they would use force to promulgate their religion. However, I will not take up the gauntlet to argue the issue any further, since whatever I may say, could be deemed to be partial. I will assign this duty to a very well respected author who is not a Muslim but who is renowned as a most penetrating historian. This author has written two historical books of the Jewish people and himself is a Jew. The books he has written are : The indestructible Jews and Jews, God and History. His name is Max Dimont.

In opening the fifth chapter and entitling it Mohammed, Allah, and Jehovah of his epoch making book Jews, God and History, he states as an introduction the following:

The improbable but true tale of a camel driver's establishment of a world empire in the name of Allah, wherein the Jews rose to their golden age of creativity, only to be plunged into a dark age with the eclipse of the crescent and the ascent of the cross.

He went on to assert in the same chapter:

The Span of the Jewish golden age in the Mohammedan civilization corresponded to the life span of the Islamic Empire. When the latter broke up, the Jewish golden age broke up.. We can only note in passing with brevity that does great injustice to its quixotic complexity.

He ended that section with the following statement:

By 1500 the world's most incredible empire - tolerant and enlightened, luxuriant and sybaritic, full of mathematicians and poets, warriors and sycophants - had come to an end

Before ending the chapter, he observed:

Thus the Jewish saga in the Islamic Empire ends. It was conceived by fate, supported in splendor, nourished by intellect, and buried by fate. By the fifteenth century, Jewish life in the East emptied into Western Europe at a juncture of Jewish history when the roads for the Jews led to the ghetto. But before we leave the Mohammedan stage of Jewish history... it is only fitting that tribute be paid the magnificent Arabic people who wrought a dazzling and enlightened civilization out of the desert.

Though the Mohammedan Empire is dead, the human element which shaped its grandeur is still living. The Arabic culture was not built on the plunder of other countries and the brains of other men. It sprang from deep wells of creativity within the people themselves. For seven hundred years Arab and Jew lived side by side in peace and with mutual respect.

He ended the chapter by rightly summarizing the cause of strife and tension. He writes:

Astute statesmanship can relax the present Israeli-Arab tensions, because they are not caused by deep-rooted racial and religious antagonisms but by temporary political expediencies. History has shown that Jew and Arab can live together without strife and with mutual profit.

This is the tolerance which Islam expounds and which was practiced in the expansion of the faith. No force was used and every citizen of the Islamic State enjoyed the same freedom of religion, irrespective of their religious attachment. This, therefore, in brief, is the answer to all the false accusations which were and are still being leveled by those whose sole intentions are to create mischief and willful distortion of the truth. Much more could have been said about the unique tolerance of Islam, but consideration of time stand in the way.

I will now end this discussion with this last note about the life of the Holy Prophet, on whom be peace. Of all religious teachers and personalities, the life of the Holy Prophet, on whom be peace, is strikingly different, in that it is on record every minute details from before his birth right up to his death about his life. His life furnishes historians with an open book to delve upon and there are no gaps or room for speculation and mysterious evaluations.

Whatever has been said in no way constitutes a complete and full appreciation of the very many sided LIFE AND TEACHINGS OF THE HOLY PROPHET MUHAMMAD. One can go on and on citing many beautiful episodes in the life of the Holy Prophet, on whom be peace, and so could it be done in respect to his teachings, but again, time is a determining factor. Suffice it, therefore for this presentation.

Source: http://www.coej.org.uk

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CHILDHOOD OF PROPHET MUHAMMAD (S.A.W.A)

Direct Link: http://www.almujtaba.com/articles/1/000815.html

The Holy Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.A) was the son of Abdullah and Amina. His father, Abdullah, passed away a few days before his birth. He was born in the city of Mecca in Arabia. His forefathers were the chiefs of the tribe of Quraysh.

It was customary among the noble families of Quraysh that they entrusted their new-born to country-women so that they might be brought up in the open and healthy environments. According to this custom, therefore, the mother of the Holy Prophet gave him into the care of Halima Sa'dia, a lady belonging to the tribe of Banu Sa'd.

The Holy Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.A) spent the first five years of his life with Halima and then she returned him to his mother, Amina. His mother brought him up with great love and devotion. When he was about six years old, she took him to Madina for a few days. On her return journey, however, she breathed her last on the way. After this his grandfather Abd al-Muttalib took him into his care.

Abd al-Muttalib loved his orphaned grandchild very much and was very kind to him. However, he too, expired after two years.

Now the Holy Prophet began to live with his uncle Abu Talib. Fatima, daughter of Asad, who was the wife of Abu Talib loved Muhammad (S.A.W.A) as if he were her own son. Abu Talib, too, was very good to him. When he undertook a journey for the purpose of trade, he took his young nephew along with him.

As Muhammad (S.A.W.A) acquired, under the guidance of his uncle, fair knowledge and experience of business, and was well spoken of by persons who happened to come in touch with him, some traders engaged him as their representative to conduct important business affairs on their behalf. Muhammad (S.A.W.A) so successfully executed these trusts that people were perfectly satisfied with his honesty. The people, therefore, respected him very much and used to call him Sadiq (the truthful) and Amin (the trustworthy).

From his early childhood he never took part in idolatrous rituals and never told a lie. He had excellent habits and an unimpeachable character.

Honesty and truthfulness command respect and honor.

Source: http://www.e-resaneh.com

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The Holy Prophet Muhammad spent the first five years of his life with Halima and then she returned him to his mother, Amina.

I don't understand why he had to separated from his mother for five years. His mother died when he was six. So he was with her only for a year. So sad !

But why did they have to do this ? Hazrat Ali, Lady Fatima and other Imams were not separated from their mothers. Why our poor prophet ?

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Guest blissful223
I don't understand why he had to separated from his mother for five years. His mother died when he was six. So he was with her only for a year. So sad !

But why did they have to do this ? Hazrat Ali, Lady Fatima and other Imams were not separated from their mothers. Why our poor prophet ?

(salam)

it was a custom of the arabs to give their young to wet nurses from tribes in the countryside, so they may grow up healthy and strong (i suppose the high traffic/ trade and lifestyle of busy areas made it likely children died of disease while young). At that time, every respectable family who could afford it, did it.

you can probably find out more at al-islam.org

with salam.

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it was a custom of the arabs to give their young to wet nurses from tribes in the countryside, so they may grow up healthy and strong (i suppose the high traffic/ trade and lifestyle of busy areas made it likely children died of disease while young). At that time, every respectable family who could afford it, did it.

Very strange - separating a child from his family for five years !

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Very strange - separating a child from his family for five years !

^ if there was a very high risk your child would die of disease in a city, if you were in that time wouldn't you do it? The prophet (saw) visited his mother on several occasions, but could not return to meccah permanently after the 2 year weaning period because there were already groups about who recognised the signs of his prophethood, and wanted to either kidnap or kill him.

details: hiyat al qulub volume 2, al Majlisi.

with salam.

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Holy Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.)" Champion of Human Rights"

Direct Link: http://www.almujtaba.com/articles/1/000837.html

A brief Description of the Time before the Birth of the Prophet:

The whole concept of Human Rights was far away from the minds of the population. Some of the examples were: Burying the girls alive or killing them. Discrimination of the poor by the rich. Torturing. Slavery and many other things.

Year of the Elephant

There was a king in Yemen, his name was Abraha. Abraha was jealous because everybody was going to Mecca and not coming to Yemen. Well, Abraha had an idea, he built a beautiful temple in Yemen called Sancia. His main aim was to attract people to Sancia, but his plan didn't work out. Abraha wanted to destroy the Kaaba in Mecca. As the army was moving in Mecca, the sky turned black and there was a roaring sound; Allah sent thousands of birds, each bird had three stones. These birds threw the stones on the army of Abraha. This incident was 50 days before the birth of Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.).

Birth of Prophet Muhammad

Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.) was born in Mecca in the 570 A.D. In the Islamic year, he was born on the eve of 17th Rabi-ul-Awwal. He was born in the year of the Elephant.

Brief Life of the Prophet and true way he outlined the principles of human rights

Family: The Prophet's teachings of the rights of parents and duties of children towards the parents. In the Qur'an in chapter 7, verse 23-24, it says:

Verse 23: And your Lord has commanded that you shall not serve (any) but Him, and goodness to your parents. If either or both of them reach old age with you; say not to them (so much as) "oof" nor chide them, and speak to them a generous word.

Verse 24: And make yourself submissively gentle to them with compassion, and say: O my Lord! Have compassion on them, as they brought me up (when I was) little.

There is a hadith of the Prophet that the parents should give their children good upbringing and teach them swimming, horse riding, archery and the needs of the future.

Society:

Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.) clearly denounced the current society which was crushing the human rights to be brought equality in society. Black slave Bilal was equal to the Arabs. Salman-e-Farsi who was trained so well by the Prophet that one day in the market place of Median, Salman was sarcastically told by the local Arabs "Salman, are you better or this dog wandering in the streets of Medina?" Salman replied "if on the day of Judgment, I fail and don't pass heaven, then this dog is better than me."

There is a verse in the Qur'an about being equal to others, in chapter 49, verse 13, it says: "O Mankind, we have created you from male and female and we set you up as nations and tribes so that you may be able to recognize each other."

Women's rights in Islam:

There are lots of rights and there are women's rights too, in the Qur'an in chapter 2, verse 228, it says: "And the divorced women should keep themselves in waiting for three courses; and it is not lawful for them that they should conceal what Allah has created in their wombs, if they believe in Allah and the last day; and their husbands have a better right to take them back, in the meanwhile if they wish for reconciliation and they have rights similar to those against them and Allah is mighty, wise.

In another place in the Qur'an, it says in chapter 4, verse 34:

"Men are the maintainers of women because Allah has made some of them to excel others and because they spend out of their property; the good women are therefore obedient guarding the unseen as Allah has guarded; and (as to) those on whose part you fear desertion, admonish them, and leave them alone in the sleeping places and beat them; then if they obey you, do not seek a way against them; surely Allah is high, great.

There was only one person in the whole mankind who stood up for women's rights. This person was Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.).

Rights of Neighbors:

"And (be good) to the neighbor who is your relative and to the neighbor who is not a relative...."(Qur'an; 4:36)

Islam has great respect for the mutual rights and duties of neighbors. The Holy Prophet (s.a.w.) has said "Gabriel always used to advise me to be generous with the neighbors, till I thought that Allah was going to include the neighbors among the heirs of a Muslim."

The rights of neighbors are not meant for Muslim neighbors only. Of course, a Muslim neighbor has one more claim upon us - that of Islamic brotherhood. As for the rights of neighbors are concerned, all are equal. Explaining it, the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.) said "Neighbors are of three kinds;"

That one who has one right upon you; That one who has two rights upon you; That one who has three rights upon you.

The neighbor who has three rights upon you is the one who is also a Muslim and a relative. The neighbor who has two rights upon you is the one who is either a non-Muslim relative or a non-relative Muslim. The neighbor who has one right upon you is neither a Muslim nor a relative. Still he has got all the claims of neighborhood rights upon you.

The Holy Prophet (s.a.w.) has said "The man is not from me who sleeps contentedly while his neighbors sleep hungry."

Rights of People at war

When the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.) and his followers were going to go to fight their first battle, the Battle of Badr, he said to his followers about the rights of people at war. Some of these rights are:

· Torture with fire. In the hadith, there is a saying of the Prophet that "Punishment by fire does not have anyone except the master of the fire."

· Punishment of the wounded. "Do not attack a wounded person" thus said the Prophet. This means that the wounded soldiers who are not fit to fight, nor actually fighting, should not be attacked.

· The Prisoner of War should not be slain. "No prisoner should be put to the sword" a very clear and unequivocal instruction given by the Prophet (s.a.w.)

· No one should be tied to be killed The Prophet has prohibited the killing of anyone who is tied or is in captivity.

· The Prophet has said a lot things about the rights of people at war. The Prophet has even said not to attack women, children and those who are not fighting in the war.

Written By: Shahid Juma

REFERENCES

· Al-Tawhid Vol. IV No.3 Rajab-Ramadhan 1407 (April-June 1987)

· Family life in Islam By Seyyid Saeed Akhtar Rizvi

· A Glance at life of the Prophet of Islam By N. Tawheedi

· Muhammad, Man of Allah By Seyyed Hossein Nasr

· Prophet Muhammad, a brief Biography By the Al-Balagh Foundation

· The Holy Qur'an

Source: http://www.imamreza.net

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Forgiving Nature of The Prophet

One of the great qualities of Prophet Mohammad (pbuh) was that he never took revenge on anyone for personal reasons and always forgave even his firm enemies. It is reported that Allah's Messenger was not unseemly or obscene in his speech, nor was he loud-voiced in the streets, nor did he return evil for evil, but he would forgive and pardon. Let us see some examples of his forgiving nature:

1. The people of the Qoraish rebuked him, taunted and mocked at him, beat him and abused him. They tried to kill him and when he left for Madinah, they waged many wars against him. Yet when he entered Makkah victorious with an army of 10,000, he did not take revenge on anyone. He forgave all. Even his deadliest enemy, Abu Sofyan, who had fought so many battles against him, was forgiven, as was anyone who stayed in his house.

2. Prophet Mohammad (pbuh) also pardoned the leaders of Ta'if, who had engaged ruffians to pelt him with stones when he visited that town to invite them to Islam.

3. Abdullah ibn Obai, the leader of the hypocrites of Madinah, worked all his life against Prophet Mohammad (pbuh) and Islam and left no stone unturned in trying to defeat his mission. He withdrew his 300 supporters in the Battle of Ohod, which almost broke the backbone of the Muslims. He engaged in intrigues and acts of hostility against the Prophet of Islam and the Muslims, but the Prophet did not take any revenge.

4. An Abyssinian slave who had killed Prophet Mohammad's beloved uncle Hamzah in the Battle of Ohod was also forgiven when he embraced Islam after the Conquest of Makkah.

5. The wife of Abu Sofyan, Hind, who had cut open Hamzah's chest and torn his liver and heart into pieces in the Battle of Ohod, quietly came to the Prophet (pbuh) and accepted Islam. He recognized her but did not say anything and forgave her.

6. One of the enemies who was forgiven and accepted Islam after the conquest of Makkah was so impressed by his magnanimity and stature that he said, "O Allah's Messenger, no tent was more deserted in my eyes than yours; but today no tent is dearer in my eyes than yours.”

Prophet Mohammad (pbuh) was all for forgiveness and no amount of crime or aggression against him was too great to be forgiven by him. He was the complete example of forgiveness and kindness.

He always repelled evil with good, for, in his view, an antidote was better than poison. He believed and practiced the precept that love could foil hatred and aggression could be won over by forgiveness. He overcame the ignorance of the people with the knowledge of Islam, and the folly and evil of the people with his kind and forgiving treatment.

With his forgiveness, he freed people from the bondage of sin and crime, and also made them great friends of Islam. He was an exact image of the following verse of the Qoraan. Are we Muslims not supposed to follow the Prophet's example in forgiveness?

"The good deed and the evil deed cannot be equal. Repel (the evil) with what is better then verily he, between whom and you there was enmity, (will become) as though he was a close friend." (Foselat 41:34)

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(bismillah)

(salam)

First, I'd like to thank you for opening such a great thread. May Allah (swt) bless you. It is unfortunate that not many Muslims know about the extent and quality of the forgiving and merciful nature of our prophet (p). Insha'Allah we can all contribute to this thread with examples from the prophets (p) life which shows his remarkably forgiving nature. Since it is precisely these two qualities of the prophet (p) - forgiveness and mercy, that attracted me and so many others to Islam and has made us fall in love with this extraordinary personality, I think this is very worthwhile.

1. The people of the Qoraish rebuked him, taunted and mocked at him, beat him and abused him. They tried to kill him and when he left for Madinah, they waged many wars against him. Yet when he entered Makkah victorious with an army of 10,000, he did not take revenge on anyone. He forgave all.

Regarding this event, I think it's necessary to mention the details because I think it's one of the most amazing moments of his life.

Coming back to the city where these people had done all those horrible things to him, having full control over them and having the ability to subject them to whatever he wanted, what did the prophet (p) do? Did he take them as war booty and parade them around the streets? Did he make fun of them and disgrace their honour as they had done to him? Did he kill them as revenge for killing his people? No. The prophet (p) rode into the city on his camel with his head bent down, not looking up. Why did he do this? He did not want to look up at the faces of the Meccans because he did not want to humiliate them. This was the remarkable character of our beloved prophet (p)!

Allah (swt) did not give our beloved prophet Muhammad (p) the title of 'rahmat al alameen' (mercy to the worlds) for nothing! :wub: May Allah (swt) shower him and his holy family with blessings ceaselessly.

wasalaam

Edited by ~RuQaYaH~

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(salam)

^Yes, isn't there a hadith where the holy prophet (p) says ''I have come but to teach you one thing: akhlaq (manners)''.

I'd like to share another story about the forgiving nature of our holy prophet (p). This is one of my favourite stories:

The prophet used to walk in the same street every day. As he did, there was a Jewish woman who would throw rubbish on him every time he walked past her house. The prophet (p) didn't react but he would merely put his head down and keep walking every time she did this. One day he was walking past her house and noticed that she wasn't there throwing rubbish on him. So he was concerned and inquired about her. On finding that she was ill, the holy prophet (p) went to her home and did some of her housework for her because he knew that she'd be unable to do it herself due to her illness. He then visited her and wished her well. The lady was so impressed at the immense kindness he had shown her after the way she treated him, that she professed shahada and became Muslim.

________________________________________________

This story alone teaches us many lessons and shows us about the character of our beloved prophet Muhammad al-Mustafa (p). Apart from his forgiving nature, it shows that he was not violent in the least, it reveals the kind and respectful way he treated not only a non-Muslim but a female non-muslim, that he was not too proud to undertake housework and did not see it as taking from his 'manhood', and that he saw visiting the sick and helping them as his duty.

It's heartbreaking to see all the misconceptions about our beloved prophet (p), and people attributing very degrading and insulting things to such a kind, noble character. May Allah (swt) give us the tawfiq to take the lessons of his life on board and apply them to our daily lives. Moreover, may he give us the privilege and pleasure of being in his presence one day.

wasalaam

Edited by ~RuQaYaH~

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(bismillah)

Dear Brothers and sisters,

(salam)

Today, the day of birthday of our most beloved Prophet Hazrat Muhammad (pbuh), I grab this opportunity to start a new topic as a tribute to our Holy Prophet (pbuh). I hope you all will contribute to this as you have been doing before.

This day, I think, is the greatest of all Eid days and the greatest day in history of mankind. I am very thankful to my Allah Almighty that the Almighty descended to us such Great Prophet (pbuh) and made me his follower. Thanks alot.

The sayings I am going to post here may not be authenticated.

My Great Prophet (pbuh) said,

"To talk about Allah's blessing is an expression of gratitude, and not doing so is an act of disbelief. The one who is not thankful for the few blessings will not be thankful for the many. And the one who is not thankful to the people will not be thankful to Allah. Unity is a blessing and division is a punishment."

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(bismillah)

And heah too as n dat oder topic bout sayings of Imam Ali. Allah bless.

Thank you sister.

My Great Prophet (pbuh) said,

"Fear Allah wherever you are and follow up a bad deed with a good one as it will wipe it out and behave well towards people."

(salam) to all brothers and sisters

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Salam

The love of the world, is the root of all evils.

Prophet Mohammad (s)

He who wishes to enter Paradise must please his father and mother.

Prophet Mohammad (s)

The most vicious among all men is he who is respected out of fear.

Prophet Mohammad (s)

“A man is upon the religion of his close friend, so let each of you look into whom he takes as a close friend.”

-- Prophet Muhammad (pbuh)

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(bismillah)

My Great Holy Prophet (pbuh) said,

"Beware of oppression, for it will turn into darkness on the Day of Resurrection. And beware of miserliness for it ruined those who preceded you as it led them to bloodshed as well as be cautious in treating lawfully the forbidden acts. "

(salam) to all brothers and sisters

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